The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 13, 1898 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, April 13, 1898
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, B¥ JrlSttAM A WAfcfcttrf, T*tt*i« to SUbSerlborS. ,'aTi*--t «. i tf AW30M, I0WA, WttMOBPAY. APRIL 13, MM, ' . „ A ,., . i i l iiiMu.iMiTifiiinilmMMija^iTltrtilfliatittlMiMBiiiMnilr 8a " t *"' a< *' IBB ?,^..,......... „„„„„(> Ant-address fit above rate*. Befnit by dr&ftt money order, or express of MESSAGE IS 1*T* President MdKinley has said the 1WJfd and congress will do the feat *The president is, as he should be, care ful» conservative, and firm, Levying Wat* IB the prerogative of congress tfhe president states the justice of the cause to the world, Upon congres rests the responsibility of action. An other outcome than the removal o Spain from Cuban soil will be inade quate, and if that costs war let wa come. Congress should neither b slow nor vacillating. Spain's promise are empty air, and the Maine disaste is atill unavenged. THE BASIS OP TAXATION". Algona has been having a somewha heated debate the past week on tha «ver interesting question, "who pay the taxes?" There is no occasion now to refer to the local features of It, a they have been sufficiently discussed But the occasion seems to warrant som general suggestions on equitable ta paying and assessment. In spite c hundreds of confident assertions tha are heard on the streets about wha should and what should not be taxei and in what proportion, there is not on ly no agreement on the subject amoni students and public men, but no singl individual has any clearly defined am satisfactory theory of his own. Th commonest statement is that every body should pay on what he owns. Bu the men who make it will on the earn day vote to exempt any man from tax ation who will put in a factory or othe public enterprise. When the oper house was built in Algona by commo consent a nominal valuation was pu upon it for taxation. Church propert, is exempted from taxation, althougl this is not a unanimous sentiment Law libraries, newspapers, etc., havi a $800 exemption, tools are exempt, fur niture has a $300 exemption, etc. We do not compel people to pay on wha • they have, and this with the consent o the very men who, without thinking oftenest lay this down as a settled and just rule. But even when it is accepted tha men shall pay on what thev have ther is no agreement as to the basis of val uation. Shall a big home in Algona b assessed at what It cost, at what it wil sell for. or at the average market value The same man will at different time give different views. When it Is as sorted, as It is very frequently, that the poor pay an undue proportion of the taxes, it is always on the assumption that property should be assessed a what it costs. And yet we doubt if any man really believes that to be just o equitable. The occupants of moderate homes in Algona do not pay in propor tion to either the selling or rental value of their property as much as the occu pants of expensive houses do, as the as sessor's returns will prove to any man while no property of any kind, belong ing either poor or well-to-do, has evei been assessed as high as bank stock hai always been in Algona. The conflict of opinion over just tax ation is along broad lines as well as on details. A big and growing movemen is on foot to relieve all personal proper ty from taxation and to put all taxes upon land values aside from improve ments, THE UPPER DES MOINES does not commit itself to this doctrine, bu it can see much justice in the demand that the value of land, which is createc by the community, should be taken by the community, while personal effects which are essentially the fruit of individual toil and economy, should not be -confiscated, The last legislature put great stress upon getting merchants' stocks, notes and mortgages, and corporations fully taxed, Geo, E, Roberts, a year ago, in a long and well considered argument, pointed put what he considered the fu tility of all such taxation. For all increased taxation of these instruments of public convenience means an Increased cost of their service to the consumer. TJBCE UPPER DES MOINES does npt coin mit itself to this view, but there is much to be considered in it. Is it not true that raising the assessment on merchants' stocks means merely to in- Crease the cost of goods in tbelongrun? Js |( not true that the effect of a tax on j»prtgagee is merely tp add to the bwr i mprtgftgor? #k§ hjg|$la,turB a lew years agp ap. ....,_* ....... pom , enjoy the protection and the fcarfce ad>an tages In the community and goubtaxet because their capital stock wag not BO plain to light. To mention all the conflicts of opin ion as to what is just taxation would be impossible. Today the courts in Iowa are passing Upon a collateral ifihert tance tax law, and one of them has de cided it is Invalid, The Income tax iin posed by congress, endorsed generally by the public, was denounced as conn's cation and ruled out by the supreme court of the United States. The tariff has been the cause of more bitter con tests and of more radical differences o opinion than all forms of local assess ments together, and today there Is no agreement as to its justness as a plan for raising 1 national revenues. All of these considerations show how absurd it is to settle at off hand what Is and what is not just taxation. Am many other considerations In these day of socialistic propagandism, show how dangerous it is to give an unheeding as sent to the common statement that th wealthy are all tax dodgers. Themos cursory examination will show that th burden of building and supporting th schools, churches, and other public ant benevolent institutions which are en joyed alike by poor and rich, falls on the comparatively few, and that a very large part of this burden Is one whicl they voluntarily assume. There.an men in Algona and in every town whi give away each year for the public ben efit, nearly, if not quite as much a they are taxed. There are men in Al gona, and in every town, who engagi in public enterprises, the benefits o which are felt by all, in whio'h the ven ture is uncertain and many times un profitable. To encourage the unthink ing into the notion that such men are public enemies, or that in some way they are evading their just public obli gallons, or that they are especially to be watched is not only wrong, unjust and demagogic, but it is dangerous and is destructive to the growth and good feeling of any community. Algona, In in particular, has been from the begin ning the beneficiary of a strong public spirit among its more wealthy men, From the old days of our first college, which gave the town its reputation in Iowa, to the building of the Boston block last year, to the planning of the new Methodist church this year, anc to the prompt contribution of capita to the city to put in its own electric light plant, the town has had reason to be thankful that its men of means have had broad and liberal views, anc have been willing to spend their money for the public good. No one has re fused to give due recognition to this public spirit at the time. No one should refuse to give due recognition to it when the equalizing board is in session, or lightly to impugn the good faith of men who, beside paying from $800 to 51,600 yearly in taxes, have shown in all their rela tions to the community a ready willing ness to do their full share. HORACE MANN»8 CANDIDACY. The Courier, without making an; formal announcement, refers to Horace Mann of Irvlngton as Congressman Dolliver's competitor this fall, and the Humboldt Eepublican in a personal no tlce says: Horace Mann of Algona stopped oft a fow days at the Bellows home. Mr. Mann is a democrat and wants the democratic nomin ation in opposition to our Jonathan Doll! ver and will probably get it, Mr. Mann would make a good congressman if his poll tics were different. It is early to discuss congressiona politics or Mr. Mann's claims to eleo tion should he be nominated. But it is not too early to recognize that he is in the field and if he has earnest suppor at home he will be the democratic nominee. Mr. Mann has grown up in Kossuth and his nomination is an honor that the democrats of the county ought not to let slip. x By an aggres sive effort they can secure it and we look to see the Courier and the free silver men organize in earnest in Mr. Mann's behalf. DOI/klVEB'S VIEW ON CUBA. The Boone Republican publishes letter from Congressman Dolliver with reference to the dispute with Spain in which he gives his views fully, It will be seen that our congressman is not for peace at any price and that he does not put the money interests of the country above its good name and its patriotic duty, Congressman Dolliver speaks the real sentiment of his district pf Iowa: ^ House of Representatives, Washington, D, 0.,April4, 1898.-Mr. H, 6. Kneeller Boone, Iowa. Dear Mr. Kneedler: I have rour letter in relation to the Cuban matter. : fully agree with you in every word you write about the necessity of action, prompt and explicit, to .bring this situation to an end. The president has been urged by all members in congress to lay out and pursue a definite plan with the independence of Cuba a» its ultimate object. I tbink that his message to congress will meet the anxious wish of the country. At any rate I am aatladed that oongreBBj being lireotly responsible in this matter will take pre»PFi and. yjgoroup action. I have felt the snort time will take a ' position Which will of patriotic public uban Matter* to ft #V6hltn the' leadershi Oplfii6n*afia bring the solution. Whether it Willinvolve war with Spain no man can tell. If it does the independence of Cuba IB the noblest indemnity which the American people can exact for the destruction of the Maine and the murder of 80 many of our brave Bailors. With cordial personal regards I am yours very truly* 3 t P. Dol&tVKB." NEWS AND OOMMEflT. W. O. Payne IB not enthusiastic over either of the three leading measures of the legislature. In the Nevada Representative he Bays: One's enthusiasm over the tretity- seventh general assembly depends strictly upoh how he happens to regard the board of control bill and the constitutional amendments. The Representative Is unfortunate In being out of sympathy with all three measures. The first has appeared'to this paper as an 111 advised meddling with the state institutions; and the bill certainly thaltttteirof his character, ability, &nde*- iff utta Armstrong is discussing city scales. Emmetsburg Democrat: John Goed- efs of Algona was in fitametsburg Friday* Col. Ch&8. A. Clarke of Cedar Rapids has been secured to deliver the memorial day address at Algona. John Connor, the LuVerno pioneer, is in Chicago, where he has undergone a serious surgical operation, The Emmetsburg Tribune has been putting' id a power press, engine, etc. The Tribune is a newsy paper. George Wells' bank Of Germania has been incorporated and changed to a state bank. Geo. Wells is president and the principal stock holder. Swea City Herald: To'm Way has been engaged in various businesses and from tye The only hope of relief and repose from a condition which cannot longer be endured is in the enforced pacification of Cuba. In the name of humanity, in the name of civilization, in behalf of endangered American interests which give us the right and duty to speak and act, the war in Cuba must stop. Tha issue Is now with congress. It is a solemn responsibility. I have exhausted'every effort to relieve the intolerable condition of affairs at our doors. I am prepared to execute every obligation Imposed on me by the .constitution and law. I await your action. WM. McKlNLEV. . owed its success to tho general support given it by the democrats. The omendmenl apportioning representatives is so obviously inequitable that argument against it would appear to he superfluous. The biennial elections amendment simply gets politics a little farther away from the people and a little more -Into the hands of poilti clans. It proposes to save some trouble one year, but is likely to make a lot more trouble the next year. All three of these measures appear to have been founded more upon the personal ambition of legisla tors to do something than upon any public sentiment demanding action. We hope that time may bring a fuller recognition of the merits of the board of control bill; but we do not expect to be converted to the two amendments until after they shall have been adopted by the people. Senator Punk says the board of control is " The most important single act of legislation ever crystallized into law in Iowa." The Ames city electric light plant accumulated $1,728 over and above all expenses the first year, the Times says. Geo. E. Roberts in a letter to the Fort Dodge Messenger forcibly presents the claims of peace. He says of war with Spain: It will create a war debt of from $300,000,000 to $700,000,000. The lowest amount would construct a ship canal from the great lakes to the ocean, and permanently advance the value of every acre of land in the Mississippi valley. It will give us a pension roll that would soon construct the Nicaragua canal. It will give us a succession of horrors, like the Maine disaster, over which we will alternately shudder, as our own boys are the victims, and rejoice, as the sous of Spanish mothers, in the line of duty, go down to death. Nor is this all: We will have given the example and endorsement of the United States to the barbarous settlement of disputes by war. President McKinley's wise and conservative course will be commended as Lincoln's was. All the people want to know is that there is a firm purpose. Then let it be worked out carefully step by step. War with Spain is estimated to cost $200,000,000, half of which will be raised by extra taxes on luxuries, and half by a popular loan in sums of $50. Every full blooded American ought not only to loan, but give $50 to see Spain well whipped, The Courier is dissatisfied with THE UPPER DES MOINES again. Our readers will recall that Bro. Hinohon has just been off on a vacation because his stomach is out of sorts. The Register points with pride to Iowa's standing in congress: "There are 856 members in the house, and 58 committee chairmanships. Iowa has eleven of the total congressmen, and seven of the total chairmanships. That is, Iowa has four times as many chairmanships as it is entitled to. Why? It is because Iowa has sent good men to congress and has kept them there long enough to give them rank." Ex-Secretary of State McFarland is going to Klondike. He will leave Des Momes about May 1. Four others go with him. A company has been formed which comprises ten men, five of whom will remain behind. The party expects to go through Bebring strait and around to a point about 600 miles north of the Klondike coun try. Their overland trip will only be about 50 miles in extent. Lafe Young in the Des Moines Capital: The more the people become acquainted with the facts, the more will the course pursued by President MoKinley be commended. Let all Americans rest assured that when President MoKinley gets through with this very undesirablejobtherewillnot be the slightest room for complaint. The Spanish are treacherous and Their promises are worthless and their performance devilish, it is IB the order pf divine providence that the States wipe them off this continent. few this ^tp. say A< of tj»e ways $n.d after ft service done nearly everything in Britt except act as station agent and local preacher, and seems to thrive at It, but he could not get away from the newspaper business if he should try. Emmetsburg Tribune: Algona is bound to have something that Emmetsburg has not. They voted for electric lights at the recent election and the proposition carried by a large majority. Iowa Falls Sentinel: Algona and Forest City also voted in favor of a public library tax last week. The Iowa town without a public library will soon be a thing of the less enlightened past. Britt News: Since Zira Barrett of Wesley got a clean shave, which makes him resemble the man who is heading off the war sentiment in Washington, he don't seem to be quite so popular with the boys. A majority of five votes for councilman was all he could muster at the recent election. Spencer Reporter: Rev. Sloan and wife went to Algona Friday -morning to attend a meeting of the Young People's union of the regular Baptist church. * * E. J. Gilmore of Algona has been in the city this week assisting with the invoicing of the J. F. Gilmore & Co. stock of groceries. Master Charles Doxsee, son of Editor Doxsee of the Montlcello Express, met with a painful, but happily not serious accident, last week. While learning to ride his wheel he lost control of it, colliding with a horse and buggy. A gash four inches long, was cut in the scalp and therefore a number of surface bruises from which we are happy to say he is rapidly recovering. He is nephew of C. M. and C. J. Doxsee of Algona. THE 8PIBIT_LAEE PEOGEAM, Preparations Being Made for the Summer Chautauqua— Dates July 11-38. The annual Spirit Lake Chautauqua session will be held this summer from July 11 to July 22, and the program is said to be the best yet offered. It is not too early for Kossuth people to he- gin to plan for a short vacation, and our near-by popular lake resort should not be forgotten. , ' The Beacon outlines the program: Russell H. Conwell of Philadelphia is down for three lectures. Mr. Con well was with us five years ago, and has been called for more than any lecturer who ever appeared here. Every year an effort has been made to secure his return, but the same has been unsuccessful until now, Alexander Black, one of the greatest entertainers in the country, and one ol the most difficult to secure, will give two delightful entertainments. Geo. R. Wendling, whose lecture on | l The Man of Galilee" made a profound impression here lastseason, will lecture twice. The Edison projeotiscope, the greatest moving picture entertainment yet produced, is down for two evenings. Gov, Geo, W. Peck of Wisconsin will be a popular fun maker. Miss Isabel Garghill, who has grown out of the teaching field by making a national reputation on the platform, will give two entertainments and appear several times with other talent. The Eastern Star quartette of Minneapolis, one of the most deservingly popular musical combinations /of the country, have been engaged for five days. Other engagements of importance are ripening, but the above are secure, All the friends of our Chautauqua are positively assured that there is to be wo " letting down" of the standards of excellence hitherto established, but that it is the purpose to make every one of the assembly days this year especially noteworthy, HANNA Iff PEBII.. Gets t!»e Americans out of Porto Rl» «?o to Avoid Spanish Uprising NEW YORK, N. Y,, April 9,— The Herald's St, Thomas epeoiah says; So eerjoue has the situation feeconoe in PlQQ, that the United States gpnsul there, P, C. Haona, hag been ordered to'tbje iPiaod where the rule qf petjiaark. will insure ajj QUfcbr§a,k. agajns^ fpre.ign.eFS atoei take. Military f«te, Which prevails In PofW Sico, hM now become most stringent. Evea with ths grSat- est efforts the police and troops have not beet able to prevent bloodshed. Weylefism is blamed for the failure of autonomy and the troubles following. Elections are known to have been falsi^ fled, the military forces taking possession of polling booths to insure the success of their candidates and indignation of the people at the government forcibly imposed Is beyond bounds. The number of persons' In the prisons throughout the island has been increased 60 percent. There have been riots and bloodshed fn the principal towns—Ponce, Aquadllla, Cayey and The arrival of a torpedo fleet from Spain it is believed would cause an uprising against both Americans and British, if they are not all gotten safely away from the island before that time. , •,..,_ SAL?AT10NISTS_AT WESLEt, The Army Will Come From Britt to gee What Can Be Done In KoBsuth County. WESLEY, April 12.—Col. Comstook, who heads the Salvation Army of Britt, was here Monday and gave notice that they would hold meetings In Kunz opera hall the evenings of the 14th and 16th of April. H. D. Hodges moved his stock ol hardware into the store room west ol the Central house. He now has a very nice store room to do business in. We don't know just what will go into the room he has vacated, but it will not be long until some business will start up there. Mr. Hollenback informs us that he has another tenant in view. The Modern Woodmen gave a grand ball at Kunz' hall Monday evening They report a very enjoyable time. Our schools opened up Monday with full attendance. Easter exercises were held at al the churches Sunday. The program at the Methodist church was a gooc one and well rendered by the little children especially. There was a gooc attendance and everybody enjoyed the exercises. Dr. Smith, a dentist just from the Northwestern university of Chicago was here Monday to look over the fielc with a view of locating. Mr. Smith is a fine appearing young man, and we would be glad to have him locate here and we know of no better place than Wesley for a good dentist to locate in J. E. McMullen, editor of the Wes ley Reporter, comes out and accuses Fred. Anderson of being the means o the advent of' the News in -Wesley Anderson has neither part or share in the News in Wesley, nor was he the means of its coming to Wesley, but like every other good citizen he does en courage every enterprise of every kim that may come and desire to locate ,in our town or vicinity, and he has always given them a hearty^ welcome, believ ing that whatever Is for the best in terests of Wesley Is for the best inter ests of her citizens. It has been An derson's prevailing opinion that the very best of friendship existed between himself and Mr. McMullen, and does yet as far as he is concerned. 'OLAY CLEMENT IN MANKATO. Called Before the Curtain After Every Act—Tho Event of the Season. Clay Clement and his company were in Mankato, Minn., last Wednesday April 6. The Daily Free Press in speaking of him and his play says: On< of the best companies, one of the bes ME BOGS AfcE Alt KtGM, ABE DEOBEEfi tfO BE plays, and one of the best bouses seen at the opera house for a long time wa the combination last evening. Ola Clement took the theatre goers bj storm, and was called in front of th curtain after each act. He fully main tained the good impression left on bii first visit. His support is very strong throughout. The play is simple, pure and interesting, and is a relief after listening to most of the plays on the modern stage. Clay Clement will al ways be welcomed back to Mankato, THE NEW Mlfaiyq COMPANY. The Farmers JMeet and Organize and Will Soon Have the Japes <fc Stacy Mill Under The^r jvianagement. The court room was* filled yesterday with farmers from all parts of the poun ty met to organize a milling company and take the Jones & Stacy mill Shares of $50- to the number of 150 had been subscribed by 185 farmers, the mill to be put in at $7,000, The day was spent in discussion and in the election of a board of directors after the articles of incorporation were adopted. A few did not seem, satisfied an4 h Geo. E, Clarke present ^helr protest. After full debate, however, the com Paw was formed,. The. directors are 0. B. Hutohins, M. Sohenck, Frank Devine, EP, Keith, C, H, Waiter, A. TO G> S' Angus, Sam. Steussy J. E. Stacy, They wjU meet » elept a presifonj; and'Ptber officers Monday. The Jones & Stacy mill is a gpad prpperte, &n<J the new ppmpany is made up ef representative farmers a»a gpod usness men, a pig success pfit. will toe* Supreme Cotirt Band* Do\vn a clsion in the Famous Case from This County The famous Kossuth county dbg case iaa been decided by the supreme court and County Attorney Raymond is sustained in his view that a dog could he stolen under the old statute. Chief justice Deemer, who wrote the opinion, says there is flo doubt that dogs are not property under the common law, but that they come under the head of chattels, though not specially referred to in the law, The court says the terms of the law must be construed as com" monly understood at the time the law was passed and notaccording to ancient times and conditions having no application to present Ideas. Dogs, the judge says, have increased in value since the common law was created and instead of being base and of no value are much more valuable than many animals included in the common law definition. So Ham by will have to stand trial for stealing the dog. The facts in this case are as follows: L. V. Hamby of Wesley saw a dog at Sexton that he thought was his and took it. The owner of the dog had him arrested. Justice Clarke held him -to the grand jury for stealing the dog. A habeas corpus proceeding was begun before Judge Quarton, who let Hamby go on the ground 'that a dog was not a subject of larceny. The appeal was taken to the supreme court. As the case now stands Hamby is still subject to Indictment by the grand jury, but 'Squire Raymond has not decided whether to push matters or not. Hamby has gone to Tennessee somewhere and is, we understand, editing a paper. FROM THE OPINION. .,- ' Geo. E. Clarke sent to Des Moines- for a copy of Judge Deemer's opinion and from it we give the following paragraphs: The sole question presented by this appeal is whether or not .a dog is the subject of larceny. That it was not at common law is conceded. The reasons for this were two-fold. First, because it had no intrinsic value; and second, because it was not fully domesticated, but by nature base. The courts held that dogs, although reclaimed, could not be used- for food, but were kept for mere whim or pleasure of their owners, and therefore had no intrinsic value. A great deal of research and eloquence has been wasted in attempting to show the fallacy of this rule. It appears to be weir settled, however, that in the absence of statutory modification of the common law, dogs are not the subject 'of larceny. When the statute relating to larceny covers "personal property in general" or "anything of value," some courts hold that a dog is included and becomes the subject of larceny. ' But the cases are by no means harmonious upon this proposition. In some states it is suggested that in subjecting dogs to taxation they are thereby made the subject of larceny under the general terms, "personal property" or "chattels," found in the statutes. It is also said by other quite as respectable courts that these taxes are not imposed on the theory that dogs are property, but as police 'regulations, and therefore such taxation does not bring them within the statute. Our statute, code of 1873, section 3902, makes it a crime for any one to steal any money, goods or chattels of another. And if dogs are intended to be included it must be under the terms: "Goods and chattels." That they are not goods is clear. "Chattels," howr ever, is a broader and .more comprehensive term and includes all kinds of" property except the freehold and things which are a parcel of it. The supreme court of Kentucky held that a dog was a "chattel," basing its -holding upon. the thought that the laws of that state recognized dogs as property for the reason that they imposed a tax upon them, made the owner liable for damages done, and recognized the animal as property in all clyll proceedings. But the supreme court of Pennsylvania held to exactly the contrary. We are constrained to believe that the definition of the words "goods and chattels" as used in the statute should be referred to the common understanding at the time when the statute was enacted and not to the strict rules of the common law that have no application to our present ideas with reference to the value and use of domesticated animals, No argument is needed to demonstrate that dogs are of much greater value to man than some animals to which the common law attributed value because of their use for food, We are of opinion that a dog is the subject of larceny, and that the trial court erroneously discharged the appellee. Reversed. LOVELY LETTERS, " What lovely letters I receive from Ma * ry Hopkins," said one young lady ib another in our hearing, and whiler we are npt acquainted with the individual referred to, ' yet this remark gives us a favorable opinion of her, which we likewise have of all who master the art of letter writing, for such persons seldom fail to win their way to social and business prominence,' Parents, give your boys aofl girls a chance. Buy each one of them, who js ten. years old and over, a scholarship in some school of correspondence where trained teachers conduct a practical and instructive and exceedingly interesting course of sp- olal and business correspondence with theip scholars, old or young, at their homes. At the school named below the price pf tuition has been reduced to the remarkably * small sum of 18.40 per year, payable sixty pepts quarterly in advance, or f8.0Q in pjje cash payment. Fop spme time tfeis school has also furnished its scholars a u stationery, end w|U continue to do so in the Let that progressive word, "Now,' 1 which haf been the key note to so many successful careers, be your waichword, a»4 apply «vt once for a scholarship in the Rational Sohpol of CorrespQudeope South, 141naeanaltB,

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