TUESDAY, SEPT. 8, BLYTHEVlMB (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE rrvi Russian System Reviewed— Everyone Equal, But Some More Equal Than Others By JAMES MARLOW . WASHINGTON (AP) — Nineteen years ago Joseph Stalin said: "Equalization in the sphere of demands and personal ' life is reactionary, petty bourgeois nonsense, worthy of a primitive and ascetic sect and not of a socialist society organized in a Marxian way." | only against the government but against his own property. Since, a strike is unthinkable under this kind of reasoning, a strike became not a strike but sabotage. Prosecuted for Sabotage A worker who led his fellows off a Job would not be prosecuted for striking but for sabotage. Because the Communist party Is the government, the Communists can make the theory a reality by being in a position to impose the penalties. The penalties are drastic. This makes Russian trade This was a way of saying tha In the Soviet society, which wn supposed to be classless becaus everyone was equal, there wouli be many classes. Or, as Qeorg< Orwell put it in his "Anima Farm." everyone would be equa but some would be more equa than otheri. In the Soviet society not every one would draw the same knld o pay or b« able to live In the sami kind of house or afford the sam< kind of food or clothes. The re wards a man got for his work de pended on the kind of work he did, which meant how useful he was to the Communist party, which ran the government. Thus a physicist working on the atom bomb or an artist or a movie director could have a house in the country, and maybe a car and servants, but a factory worker had to iqueex into one room with his wife and two children, i White yesterday's Labor Day speeches emphasized the importance and economic progress of American workers, they were at the same time, sometimes without mentioning It. emphasizing the difference between the positions of American and Soviet workers and the roles •Milch labor unions play, or are Vermitted to play, in the two countries. Red Roll Ironical And In any contrast of this kind nothing stands out more ironically than the role of Communists in the American labor movement. Here a worker can quit his job and shop arpund for another or, if he's lazy, can stall on his job until the boss finds out and sacks him. Then he can go Job-hunting elsewhere. Two years ago Vladimir Gsovski, chief of the foreign law section of the Library of Congress, published a report on the condition of Russian Workers which said among other things:: "Inefficiency Involves not only loss of material benefits and poss"Me loss of job, but prosecution . in the courts as well. Workers ; : subject to penalties imposed I ' managers for 'loafing on the j:V and to court action for ab- ^rrnteelsm and unauthorized qult- f ^?-ng of ,the job." In this country a union can bargain freely with an owner for the highest wage a plant will bear and even strike to obtain its demands. In Russia a strike is unthinkable according to the Communist theory: The government owns all Industries. All plant managers are em- ployes of the government. So are the workers. But everything in Russia, Including the plants, belongs to the people. Therefore a worker who struck would be striking not unions not an aggressive instrument of the workers' demands but an anesthetic to keep them quiet. Since the government makes the alans for industrial production, and sets the cost, it fixes the wages. [n stead of bargaining, therefore, irade union leaders, are party :ools for persuading the workers the wage rates fixed by the government are not only all they can get but all they should expect. With Russian living costs high, and wage rates kept low, the economic progress of the Russian Is inly what the government wants it o be. That It is very slow and )oor was publicly acknowledged by tfalenkov recently with his prom- se to raise living standards. While a Communist in an Amer- can labor union was free to create unrest, foment strikes and work toppages or urge other demov- trations of workers' strength for higher pay. his allegiance was to he party and whatever he did was n accordance with party orders. But if tomorrow the Communist iarty got control of this country ils tactics would be just the oppo He and his sole mission as a labor :ader would be to hypnotize the vorkers into accepting the wage Btes decided for them bv the par- y. Thus once-militant Communist j ould become the enemy of union nilitancy. It would be worth his fe to be otherwise. 'rompl DELIVERY SERVICE Phone 4507 Hours: 8 a.m. to 10 p.m. with Deliver? U 7 p.m. WOODS DRUG STORE 221 West Main St. Russian People Said Gaining Courage to Speak NEW YORK IIP)— Miss Alexandra Tolstoy, daughter of the late Russian novelist Leo Tolstoy, says ehe has heard that there are people In the Soviet Union "who are not afraid, as before, to speak up." Miss Tolstoy, on her return from Germany, eaid her information came from sources in Berlin. She was in Germany to open the Tolstoy Foundation's new home for escapees. She is president of the foundation, which aids escapees and Immigrants from Russia. Tito's Forces Involved In Border Skirmish LONDON W)—Belgrade radio today reported another brief skirmish on the Bulgarian-Yugoslav border. There was no mention of casualties. It was'One of many involving President Tito's.forces and those of his satellite neighbors since Yugoslavia broke with the Kremlin in 1948. By RICHARD KLEINER. NBA Staff Correspondent NEW YORK — (NBA) — At 32 Jerry Vale used to dream abou some day being a recording star for Columbia Records and singing with Percy Faith's orchestra. At 23 he's made it. And Mitch Miller, Columbia's director of artists and repertoire and probably the single most influential person in the record business, thinks Jerry is our next big singer. No beating around the bush for Miller on Jerry's voice. He comes right out and says: "Jerry Vale's voice is the greatest Instrument in the record business today. And it la a flne voice. Listen to his latest, a beautiful ballad called "A Tear, a Kiss and a Smile," written by his manager, Paul Insetta. Miller says Vale is sure to "happen"—record-talk for becoming a itar—but it may not be yet. "Tha public has to get to know i new voice," he says. "It took Clooney two years. Jerry will happen, too. and he'll last a long time." Which is o. K. with Jerry, a likeable youngster who is living lis dream and enjoying every moment of it. He was singing In a small suburban New York night DICK'S PICKS- POP SINGLES: "Choo-ChoO Train" and "This Too Shall Pass Away" (Doris Day. Columbia); "A Dear John Letter" (Pat O'Day and the Pour Horsemen, MGM); "Cornflakes" (Les Baxter, Capitol); "Elaine" (Percy Faith and Mitch Miller, Columbia); "Go and Leave Me" (Jim Lowe, Mercury); "Too Young to Tango" (Joel Gray, MGM); "Poor Little Piggy Bank" (Pran- kie Laine and Jimmy Boyd, Columbia). POP ALBUMS: Capitol out with four flne new albums—"The Goodman Touch" features Benny and some of his smaller combos! "Premiered by Ellington" has the Duke playing songs he introduced; "Moods for starlight" is Francis Scott and his orchestra in restful background music,- "The Anthony Choir" features Hay Anthony's trumpet and vocal chorus on old favorites. CLASSICAL; A first recording of Debussy's "La Boite a Jou- Joux" ("The Box of Toys") is must for Debussy collectors. This is a ballet score, pleasantly nlayed by pianist Menahem Pressler on MGM. It's backed by Ibert's "Histories," 10 short piano pieces also recorded for the first time. setta's kitchen and making tape recordings until three In the morn;. He'd sing one song hundreds b when Insetta heard him. Together, they worked hard „.. Vale's voice and style, sitting in In- yg. club of times. It paid off. He still sings every new. song he records many times, until he anc Insetta are positive It's perfect. "It's just a dream come true,' says Jerry Vale. • • • THE POPULAR SIDE: Guy Mitchell says he dreams, the night before an opening something horrible. "I usually dream I come on stage and I've forgotten my shoes or else that I'm there and the band doesn't show up." . , . Opera and TV star Marguerite Piazza, just signed by Capitol, may be teamed with Gordon MacRae on pop records. ... A poll conducted by the Armed Forces Network In Europe showed the OIs' favorite vocasists were Nat "King" Cole and Rosemary Clooney. ON THE CLASSICS:-Just back 'rom Europe, Lily Pons stopped off n New York before going home to "laiitornia for a three-week record- ng session at Columbia. ... A urvcy shows that more classical music is being recorded in the U. S.. reversing a trend which had een European sessions favored. . Japitoi, which purchased Cetra Records, has begun issuing operatic highlights from Cetra's' catalog. Battle of Taxes Becomes Battle of Sexes By PATH SUMMONS NBA Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON - (NBA) — To be taxed or not to be taxed has turned into a battle of the sexes. The ammunition includes such dungs as pocketbooks, lipsticks and razor blades. Safest way to cover (tie campaign, therefore, is to stick your nose Into the Capitol Hill mall bag.. Here's how a secretary pens her plight to Rep. Edna F. Kelly (D., N.y.), author of a bill to take tha excise tax off Indies' handbags. "Manufacturers would do a much better business," she says, "if vvo- mon did not have to buy their band- bags on the installment plan as they buy furnishings for their homes." Rep. Kenneth B. Keating fR., N.Y.), who's attempting to help ladies over the handbag hurdle by asking that taxes be dropped on purses under $15, has also provided In his bill for the removal of the tax on cosmetics. • • » An Indlg-nant male writes him ai follows: "Why should you neglect us men by not urging repeal of the tax on after-shaving lotion and hair tonic, not to mention toupees, which to my way of thinking are as much of & necessity as cosmetics to a woman." When Keating compared a lux- iry tax on ladies handbags to tax- ng a man's pants pockets, his male correspondent punched his typewriter even harder, saying what he vanted was "some equal rights for men lor a change." A member of the fair sex reminds | egislator Kelly that face powder is bills to put a stop to the government's 2o per cent pockelbook levy. And men may be happy to* hear that if these last three lawmaker! and Keating have their'say, there will be no more tax on men's toilet preparations, either, » • * Feminine constituents who Check the record before they do any more lip-pursing will see it was a male legislator who Rot excited about the pocketlmok tax situation back In 1!I48. That was when Me Donough introduced lite first bill to kill the tax. With fl wife, two daughters and fi''f rinu^hters-in-law in the family, he has a personal interest In the mrtter. Exports will tell you the Korea war is what prevented action on excise taxes long ago. Actually there ave quite » few men worrying about the working girl and her lax problems. Especially the manufacturers of women's handbags and cosmetics. They used to sell about $240,000,000 worth ot pocketbooks a year. Now their cash register shows only $130,000,000. POWDER VS. BLADI3S: Rep. Gordon McDoiioujh (R., Calif.) wants to know why one should be taxed and not the other. are equally necessary in the matter of earning a living. "Since when." she demands, "has it been a luxury for women to get jobs or to hold them after they get them?" The ladies seem particularly pecv- edj'by the pocketbook situation, taxed, but not razor blades; lipstick, but not shaving cream. The way this irate lady sees it, banishing a beard or a shiny nose "We can't carry our money ir paper sacftr," insists another writer, Rep. Katharine St. George (R., N. Y > feels women's handbags were included in the luggage tax in the original bill because it was written by men and they don't realize handbag is ft necessity to a woman. Reps. St. George. Gordon L. McDonough (R., Calif.). Abraham J. Mulier (D., N.Y.) and T. Millet Hand fR., N J.) are all sponsoring Building Permits and Real Estate Transfers Real estate transfers filed with the circuit clerk last week Included: J. and Maud Godwin to W. T. and Inez Goolsby. for $10 and other consideration, Lot 28, Block 9, David Acres Addition. Hermon and Dovie Hockenhull to E. E. Stevens, for $1,000, Lot 1 Block 1, Edwin Robin/son Addition Ed and Elizabeth Rogers to Mi sissippl County Lumber Co., for $19 939.30, 23-45 acres, W half, N\ quarter, Sec. 10-T15N-R11E. J. L. and Mamie O'Steen to Ma riah Louis, for $1.800, Lot 4, Bloc 2. J. L- O'Steen Addition. J. L. and Mamie O'Steen to Wii ter and Victoria McGrew, for $2,00 Lot 8, Block 2, J. L. O'Steen Add tlon. Elvis and Ethel Byrd to Carl an Myrtle Byrd, for $600. a lot 200 b 62 feet, SW quarter of NE quarto Sec. 31-T15N-R9E. Chiang's Son to Visit U.S TAIPEH, Formosa (/P)—The U.S Embassy today said Chiang Chine kuo, eldest son of President Chian Kai-shek, would visit the Unltci States this month. I? ; ~ • — GEM THEATRE "Osceola't Finest" LAST TIME TONIGHT SHAMELESS, SEDUCTIVE PARIS'... with lifted skirts and open arms she awaits you at the Moulin Rouge! ROMUUI* JOSE FERRER ..THf MOST STARTLING *ND DAIING "WE STQKY EVER TOLDI CLOSED Thursday-Sept. 10 •i In Observance of The Religious Holiday NEW YORK STORE BEE HIVE STORE HESS Wearing Apparel ZELLNER SLIPPER SHOP FEINBERG Fashion Shop JIEDEL'S Clothing Store LANSKY'S Bargain Store GRABER'S ?e</s Deny Effectiveness Of LW Bom6s TOKYO WP)—The Communist Pei- ping radio said today .Allied bombs devastated much of North Korea, but couldn't touch great underground caverns into which industries and even theaters were moved. The Red broadcast said 420 000 Allied bombs fell on the North Korean capital, Pyongyang. "In every city in North Korea," the broadcast .said, "one notes the gaping bomb-blasted shells of factories- But one does not see abandoned machines, wrecked or otherwise. They had all been moved underground." The Peiping broadcast described Knowland Visits Quemoy TAIPEH. Formosa (/P)—-Sen. William F. Knowland (R-Calif.) made a secrecy-shrouded trip yesterday to Quemoy, Nationalist China's island outpost within sight find gun range of the Chinese Communist mainland. Knowlarjd is on a tour of the Far East. mile-long tunnels dug into North Korean mountains. It said a textile factory employing 1.000 workers, modern printing plant with 1200 workers and hundreds of other factories operated wholly underground. "All were powered, lighted nnd ventilated by Korea's electricity," the broadcast said. It added that "in a 1,000-seat theater dug deep under Maranbun Hill in Pyongyang, people could hear concerts by a symphony orchestra nnd fl 100-voice choir. RITZ THEATRE Manila, Ark. TUES& WKU THE TURNING POINT With William Hultlcn & Alexis Smith ••••••*••••••••••••••• In West Blytheville Air Conditioned by Refrigeration Show Starts Weekdays 7:00 Sat. 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