The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on March 9, 1898 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, March 9, 1898
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WggM JP1B MQlNgSi ALGQNA IOWA. WEDNESDAY, MAftOtt 9. * 4 4 BLOCKADE OF CUBA. Hdw the War with Spain Would Be Successful in a Short Time. I In case of war between the Unite tetates and Spain the island of Cub "vould be freed from Spanish rule mud Snore easily than is generally imagined BThis country would not need to send a Harge army to the island to fight th Spaniards in the field. Neither would ! t need to bombard Havana nor attack t In any other way. Perhaps the wa /would end, as far as Cuba is concerned Without the Americans firing a single Ishot either by land or sea. Though these statements may at first appear astonishing, they are merely the logic )al conclusion to be derived from knowledge of the real state of affairs In the struggling island. Extent of Spanish Control. '• The Spaniards, with an army of 150,DOO men, of which not 90,000 are regular troopa, all that ia left of the 200,000 soldiers sent from Spain since 1895 and decimated by battle and sickness (control only the seaports and the strongly fortified towns in the interior. The country from east to west is in the hands of the insurgents. The eastern part of the island, including Santiago de Cuba and Puerto Principe, is iheld by the Cuban Generals Calixto iGarcia, Jesus Rabi, and Lope Reclo (Loynaz. There the Cubans are strong- |er than in any other section of the (Island. They have in these two prov- Sinces 20,000 men at least, armed and 'with plenty of ammunition. There •they hold the Spanish columns in con- '/stant 'check, and the recent defeats of ^General Pando in Santiago de Cuba, at >the entrance of the Cauto river, and of 'General Jimenez Castellanos at La Esperanza, almost within sight of Puerto >Principe city, show conclusively what the power of the Cubans is in the east. The central part of the island, that Is to say, the province of Santa Clara, is controlled by General Maximo Gomez. The Cuban commander-in-chief has at least 10,000 men there under his orders, with Generals Carrillo, Monteagudo, Alvarez and several others as subordinate commanders. Strength of the Cubans. • There are about 6,000 insurgents in Ihe provinces of Matanzas and Havana. • This is where the Cubans are weak•est, the Spanish fortified towns being •nearer to one another and the Spanish 'army more numerous. But nevertheless they have strength enough to keep ;up a very lively guerrilla warfare, raiding almost daily the most important Itowns and making dashing attacks on ,'the outskirts of Havana city itself. The irecent death of their plucky leader, JGeneral Arangureu, has not abated their ardor. General Betancourt, Gen- 'eral Alejandro Rodriguez, General Ra- •'fael de Cardenas, and Colonels Davalos, •Collazo, and others are cutting out ia great deal of work every day for the '(Spanish and the guerrillas in Havana land Matanazs provinces. Pinar del |Rio province, the western extremity, is,' la Cuban stronghold. The Cubans there (are as strong as in Santa Clara and Inold the long and impregnable chain |of mountains extending through the [province. They do not allow the Span- jiards to get out of their towns. Gen- jerals Delgado and Ducasi are the prin- 'cipal Cuban leaders in that province. 'The result of this situation is that the Spaniards cannot exist on the prod- •ucts of the country in any part of the I Island. The country near the towns Iwas laid waste by General Weyler, and (the gaunt specter of famine stalks all 'over Cuba. The extermination of the ipeaceable inhabitants by hunger is go- 'ing on rapidly. All these facts are too (notorious to be denied at this time. The ireconcentrados, or non-combatants, (starve and die by thousands only be- Icause the country, on which they exclusively depend, is not producing food. The insurgents keep zones of cultivation of their own, where they raise not keep a large stock of provisions. If the imports are stopped the entire supply of food In Havana will be exhausted by the 200,000 inhabitants of the city in less than a week. Suppose now that war is declared one of these days. The United States in that case has only to blockade the seaports of Cuba to starve out the whole Spanish army, and that without landing a single man on the island. The Spaniards will simply be compelled to surrender because of the lack of food. Mnny Ports Defenceless. To prevent the possibility that they might make a desperate effort inland to overpower the Insurgents and get their vegetables and other provisions, something might be done easily, quickly, and at once. There are many seaports of some Importance in Cuba absolutely defenseless from the sea side. Cardenas, for instance, in the province of Matanzas, on the northern coast, is one of them. Cardenas was taken in 1849 by the insurgent Narciso Lopez with a handful of Americans on board a small merchant vessel. Since then no fort capable of resisting a cannon shot has been built there. The Americans can hold Cardenas and from there communicate with the insurgents in the country. In a short time the whole Cuban army may be well armed by them and secure some cannon to attack the inland towns. If without such munitions and with the immense risk and difficulties they incur in securing scanty supplies from the feeble flili- bustering expeditions they not only hold their own against Spain but actually imprison the Spaniards in their forts and cities, it is obvious that possessing war appliances which will place dy triumph. The question to be put today is not how long the Cuban republic will last, but how long Spain can continue her costly efforts to suppress It. The first year of the struggle was the most critical. The appeal of the revolutionary party, headed by the lamented Jose Marti, was welcomed in several of the provinces, to which war material had been successfully carried, but the Spanish authorities got wind of the contemplated risings, and in Puerto Principe seized arms and ammunition. A few days after the famous Feb. 24 Captain General Calleja declared the provinces of Matanzas and Santiago to be in a state of siege. The movement spread. Maximo Gomez, by the vote of the leading officers of the former revolutionary war, was chosen commander-in-chief. Bartolome Masso, Rabi, and other well-known citizens cast in their lots with the patriot cause, while the two Maceos and other veteran leaders landed in Santiago, where the people flocked to their standards. Changing Officers, Spain quickly rose to the emergency, and within two months after Feb. 24 Calleja was succeeded as captain general by the renowned Martinez Campos, who professed his ability to end the rebellion before the end of the autumn. The fights of Los Negros, El Guanabano, Jarahuca, Juraguanas, El Cacao, and El Joblto taught him that his task was no trifling one, while in July, when commanding in person, he was defeated by Maceo and Rabi at Bayamo. Meanwhile Gomez and Marti had set out for Puerto Principe, and in their first severe conflict the heroic Marti was killed. Gomez pressed on, and in the province of Puerto Principe was joined by Salvador Clsneros Betancourt. Next Gomez, marching into the provinces of Santa Clara and Matanzas, carried out his policy of destroying the sugar crop, and thereby stopping the revenue which Spain derived from it. Other battles and skirmishes followed, and before the first year was over Spain recognized that she had to deal with a most formidable revolt. Mar- tha first, because ft had held Its against forces so enormous and so ett dently representing the utmost that Spain could bring to bear. The 6ltua« tion in Cuba had its reflex Influence on Spain at length in the coming of ihe Sagasta ministry, nnder which Weyler whose successive campaigns had been palpable failures, was replaced by Blanco, while autonomy was offered to the patriots instead of independence. ; It Is In the midst of Blanco's campaign that her third anniversary now dawns upon Cuba, with prospects brighter than ever. The failure of the autonomy plan is conceded, and certainly in the field Blanco has done not a whit better than his predecessors, indeed, the leading feature of his operations, General Pando's expedition in southeastern Cuba, was an acknowledged defeat. Why, then, should not the- third anniversary be full of hope KEEL OF THE MAINE SHOWING THAT IT WAS AN UPWARD EXPLOSION.—FROM A SKETCH. i CRUISER MINNEAPOLIS. I (Floated Thursday from, the dry dock ; in League Island navy yard, near .'. Philadelphia.) '.vegetables and store their cattle, but |they do not divide their provisions [With the non-combatants, nor do they !a.llaw vegetables to be raised or cattle Ikepi by any but themselves, because it (is their policy to prevent the Spanish /army from obtaining any kind of re- tspurces in the country. '. Spanish Depend Upon Imports, .' Tbe Spanish army, therefore, exclusively depends upon the provisions im- jported from abroad. Rice, beans, and (flour they receiye from Spajn. Meat tor the inhabitants of the seaports they from Mexico an4 Florida. The jlfiO,QQO Spaniards under arms exclusive. tly flepead upon, steamers loaded with jprpviejlons from abroad that enter the ao ports, Not ft potato com.es into Qfcy el i?ava»a frow the eouatry, mills is almost ail condensed and a»(J vegetables are from Florida, And I* still more, Jwpsrtsnt of the grest financial distress in hem, in this respect, on the same ooting as the Spaniards themselves, hey will exterminate all the Spanish olumns daring to leave their fortified daces and eventually invest them in the principal cities. With a single dynamite gun of small caliber, and with the 3,000 or 4,000 rifles received by him from several small expeditions sent from the United States, General Garcia has driven the Spaniards from the greater part of the province of Santiago de Cuba. Cuba's Fighting Strength. It is a fact, which even Spanish diplomacy will not dare to deny, that if, instead of hampering the Cubans the United States in their work of sending expeditions to the brethren; if, instead of prosecuting them in so drastic a manner as was done during the administration of Mr. Cleveland; if, instead of keeping, at enormous cost to this country, the American navy and the police watching the Cuban junta and its agents, the Cubans here had been unmolested, the possibility whieh now confronts us of an international war would not exist. The Cubans, with no more than 40,000 men in the field, and with all the odds against them, have proved in three years that they are more than a match for Spain. With a regular and ample supply of war materials they can free their island without any other help from abroad. Cuban Army's Aid. In a war between Spain' and the United States it is beyond doubt that the whole Cuban army would be on the American side. There is no doubt, either, that we would give them all the rifles, cartridges and cannon they need. They would then take care of the land operations. We would only need to blockade the Spaniards by sea and let them starve. Of course, the Spaniards would make an attempt with their navy to break that blockade. The contest would then be only a naval one. But witb their capital only eighty miles from Key West, and sixty from Dry Tortugas, which would probably be the center of our naval operations, Is it reasonable to suppose that the Spaniards could relieve Havana either by stealth or by force? In a few days the proud Spanish stronghold, with its Cabana fortress and its Morro Castle, with its mined bay, and its famous torpedoes, would be at our mercy, and not very much blood would be shed. YEAtt OF STRVGGtE, Cu!>(* PegftU Her Present Effprt for ln- Fep, H was the third aiaJyersary of Cuba's struggle for Independence. It found the patriot cause, in spite not only el $p«L«'P predictions but of her prodigious efforts, strong and buoyant tinez Campos was displaced by Weyler as captain general, and troops were poured into Cuba in enormous numbers. Rigorous, vindictive, and in some cases barbarous edicts were issued. Tho royal troops vied with the rebels in ravaging the island, trade was restricted, plantations were stripped of their laborers, and a policy of concentrating the country people in and around the towns was carried out with unsparing severity, with suffering and starvation in consequence, that have been simply appalling. Fighting went on in many places. Maceo made a brilliant campaign in Pinar del Rio and gained victory after victory in a career of most extraordinary audacity, crowned by his death. Aranguren, also a martyr to the cause, with other BATTLESHIP KENTUCKY. (This vessel will be launched March 24, at Newport News shipyard; Miss Christine Bradley, daughter of Gov. Bradley of Kentucky, acting as sponsor.) dashing leaders, repeatedly raided into the environs of Havana. The west, the center, and the east of the island witnessed Cuban prowess against an enormous disparity of force, and while the east was the most quiet it was largely in patriot hands. Advance of luRurgont Cause. The second anniversary of the revolution found it even more hopeful than BATTLESHIP KEARSARGE. (This warship, a companion vessel to the Kentucky, will be launched at tho navy yard of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock company, March 24; the wife of Lieut. Wins-' low, U. S. N., acting as sponsor.) . for Cuba? We cannot say how many| men Spain has had under arms in the island, but probably a quarter of a million Would not be too high an estimate; and yet against this tremendous force the Cubans have made head. The burning question is not how long they can endure, but how long Spain will find it possible to stand the strain. The Cllnmx Near. Cuba's third anniversary, too, found her nearer that recognition by our own country which has always been one of her aims. Events have of late become urgent in that direction. And we do not now refer to the recent calamity in Havana harbor, whose grave results cannot yet be forecast, but to those events which are steadily and swiftly bringing near the time when, ass President MciKnley has said, we mnst imperatively call on Spain to make peace. American Export Trade. , For the better part of this century England has been the world's workshop. Indications are not wanting that the day of her supremacy is past, says the Engineering News. The colonies she has planted would be false to the spirit of enterprise and independence, that has brought England herself to her present proud position if they were content to sit down and live by agriculture and mining and depend on O'ther countries for manufactured goods. The nations of Europe all strive so to shape their legislation as to keep the home market for themselves and at the same time capture as much as possible of the export trade. It is true that the exhaustion of her mines of Bessemer ore, the increased depth of her coal mines and the fact that lumber and many other raw materials must all be imported have much to do in handicapping England in competing for the world's trade. It is true, also, that the restrictions imposed by labor unions and factory legislation probably operate to some extent at least as an additional handicap. But, besides these causes, there. is also the ambition of other nations to develop their own resources and supply their own needs— to achieve commercial as well as political independence. In the movement now under way for the development of American export trade it is well to bear these facts in mind. We need not expect to permanently supply European nations with all soods which their own natural resources will permit them to make. Our automatic tools may for a time enable us to win a trade in certain lines, but European manufacturers will eventually buy the tools that will enable them to make the machines or products themselves. In the countries of South America, Asia and Africa, however, the building up of manufacturing industries will be a slower and longer task and such of their trade as we may secure we may reasonably expect to hold for many years. Surface of the Sea. The surface of the sea is estimated at 150,000,000 square miles, taking the whole surface of the globe at 197,000,000, and Its greatest depth supposedly equals the height of the highest mountain, four miles. The Pacific ocean covers 78,000,000 square miles, the Atlantic 25,000,000 and the Mediterranean 1,000,000. MAP aupwjjjQ AWD.AM»WPAN FILETS 'mm m- The Very Sword. A Scotsman, on a recent visit to Dublin, went to see a private museum, which was advertised to contain the oldest and queerest antiquities in the world. Tho Irish showman brought out a largo sword nnd said: "This is the sword that Balaam slew his ass with!" The Scotsman, being well up in Bible history, here interrupted and said: "Balaam did not slay his.ass; he only wished for a sword to slay it." "Oh!" returned Pat, "then this is the very sword he wished for." Absorbing. "I hope you t'onm! thnt bcok I gave you of absorbing interest," said Willie Washington. "I did," replied Miss Cayenne. It was very fortunate that you had it printed on that very expensive soft paper. I keep it on my writing table all the time. Whenever I need a Holler I tear out a leaf. Sound Money .Discussions. Between now and next presidential election there will be hosts of discussions of "sound money' 1 and silver. However opinions m-:y be divided on these points, there is but one universal opinion regarding 1 the merits of IIos- totter's Stomach 'Hitters as a, remedy for malaria and liver trouble. DlntltiRiilslipel. Mamma—That's a nice little boy you play marbels with Bobby. Bobby—You becher. An' he's had th' measles four times. Orcscnnt Hotel, Kurckn Springs, Ark., Opens March 1 sfc. In heart of O/Kirk Mountains, climate mild uiul braciiiff. scenery wild iuul boautifnl. Uncqinlled medicinal waters. Excursion rates, through sleepers, via Frisco Line. Address Manager Crescent, Eureka SpriiiVi OJ' Ceo. T. Nicholson, G. P. A.. Frisco Line, St. Louis, Mo. In the various departments of the postnl service at Washington 7,670 women nre employed. t OIJKBKN3? Something like intelligence ft ttff.nn exhibited by plants. If, during a dry season, a bucket of water be placed near a growing pumpkin or melon viiie in the course of a few days the vine Will turn from its course and get at least one of its leaves in the water. A marriage by telephone was recently witnessed in Missouri. The bride was at Humansville, and the groom at Bolivar. A minister and several witnesses were at each end of the wire. The bride was Miss Flora Linke, and the groom J. F. Hull, superintendent of the Polk county telephone line. Ask for Allen's foot Ease. A powder to shake into your shoes. It cures Corns and Bunions, Chilblains, Swollen. Nervous. Damp, Sweating-, •Smarting- and Callous Feet. At all Druggists and Shoe Stores. 135c. Sample FREE. Address Allen S. Olrnsted, LeRoy, N. Y. Think of it! A woman acting as engineer of a trolly car! Mrs. Mabel Urierly, of Matamoras, Pa., has just been appointed substitute "motor-man" on a trolly line in Aliddletown, N. Y. Itcnuty Is Hlnort I>ccp. Clean blood mattes a cionn skin. No beauty without it. Cusearots Candy Cathartic clonus your blood and kounu it clean, by stirring up the Inzy liver uiid driving all impurities from the body. Begin to-day to bnnish pimples, hoils, blotches, blackheads and that sickly bilious complexion by taking Cnscnrots.—beauty for ten cents. All druggists, satisfaction guaranteed, 10, 25, 50c. A sensible law prevails in Denmark towns in regard to topers. When a man is found helpless from intoxication, he is whirled to the police station in a cab, and there receives medical attention. The doctor's fee ami the carriage fare are made out in the form of a bill, and it must be paid by cho keeper of the dram-shop where tho toper took his laat drink. When home is a slave pen it is not home. B8 B £»• B« can be driven in or driven out. Dr. AVer's. SarsapariDa drives disease out of the blood. Many medicines suppress disease—cover it but don't cure it. Dr. Ayer's Sarsaparilla cures all diseases originating in impure blood by purifying tho blood itself., Foul blood makes a foul body. Make the blood pure and the body will be sound. Through the blood Dr. Ayer's Sarsaparilla cures eczema, tetter, boils, eruptions, humors, rheumatism, and all scrofulous diseases. " Dr. Ayer's Sarsaparilla w!is recommended to me by rny physician as a blood purifier. When I began taking it I had. risings or boils all over my body, but one bottle cured mo. I consider Dr. Ayer's Sarsaparilla th« best blood modiaina made."—CONNER CHAIT, Wesson, Miss. r FREE ADVICE l>y our PhyHicinn and a FREE SAMPLE of oiu- medicine and a US-page Free Hook treating all diauuaos with 5(i ijxoellent rccipoa nro some of tlic reasons why you should write us. .. Address Dr. B. J. KAY MEDICAL CO., (Western OiHco) Omaha, Nob. i.»»t«»a»»aio»«jcw»«»«Mw»w^o^a»oM^~»«/.r»«.»..o«M: I^^ "THERE IS SCIENCE IN NEATNESS."" BE WISE AND USE .inriiiilees treatment. jTokn'f"). No Piaster. Dr. W. C. Vayjie, MurBluvlltowu, Iowa. MORPHINE and WHISKY HABITS. HOMK CUHP. liook FllKE. Mil. J. K. NEWDISCOVERYjslvea . iiulck relief and cures worxt cases, fond for b-ok of testimonials and 1C tluvB 1 treatment l'"rou. Ur.il. u. UUKKN'B .so\a,Aiia D ia,Ua. Getyour Pension ____ DOUBLE QUICK Write CAKT. O'FARRELL, Pension Agent, 1425 New Vork Avenue, WASHINGTON, D. C. Many farmero OJii testify toils usefulness. "\Vili sharpen uny dlso tool, corn also and plow ooultor too, on tho farm No taking cllso apart. A ton-' year-old boy can use It. Bond only $1.00 to J D Rowley & Co., Gil Grand Avo., Dos Hollies. In. ' ' Garden & Flower with u world-wide reputation. Outalou free to all. JAMES J.H. GREGORYS SON, Marblehead.Mass. to send his address on a. postal to J. L. STRAW. bowurd, 111., fqr f reo circular Illustratlnt; the most huumuo, prolltablo, practlenl and satisfactory method of rnlslue, handling, feodluu and koonliiu cattle laiowu to husunudmuii. HALL'S Vegetable Sicilian IAIR RENEWED You can't guess her age if she uses it. At 60 she has the hal* of 1C, No thin, gray hair, J7owishto(ratul50,OOOnewoUB-( ! tomcru, and honoo ofi'er 5 ' TTorth »1.GO, for 14 cents; j l ° P r k " BSl ^ Orth $1 -°° WO Will J pu'f 0 "' S°G, otllor * lth Ollr ! nnn ™ . *. "?£ ? 8 ° Vl C&tftlOKUO J upon rooclnt of this notice and Ilo. J p.mage. Wo inTltn your trade Had snmiif yontak < Western*' Canada, ... the land of plenty. Illustrated pumphleto, £ivin ff experi, ence of farmers who have become) wealthy in erowfag wheat delegates, etc., and full information oq to reduced railway rates, can to luu] on application to Department Interior: to D. II. Murphy « ' " oornew ' DesMoines - Iowa, agents of Canada. WORTH OF PREMIUMS TO at GIVEN AWAY fci'-' 1 • '••" ""* WITH PR, 8|TH ARNOLD'S COUGH KILLER 1MV

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