The Reidsville Review from Reidsville, North Carolina on April 22, 1898 · Page 3
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The Reidsville Review from Reidsville, North Carolina · Page 3

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Friday, April 22, 1898
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THEKEVIEW, RELDSVILLE, N. C, APRIL 22, 1898 . - WKEKS, OA. HavliiS obtained a box of Tetteiune of Hunter At Wright of Louisville, Ga., which I used on a cas of itchin? piles of fiv years stand ng. I Bpent $50 for different kinds of remedies and the ski 1 of do tors, all for no pood, until I got the Tetterine. I am now well. Ac-ept thanks." Yours, W. R. Kino. By mail for 50c in stamps by J. T. Shup-tnae. Savannah. G a. . The humaa spoBge water. is averse to taking Beauty Ii Bloed Deep. Clean blood means a clean skin. No beauty without it. Cascarets, Candy Cathartic clean your blood and keep it clean, by ttirring up the lazy liver and driving all impurities from the body. Begin to-day to banish pimples, boils, blotches, blackheads, ana that sickly bilious complexion by taking Cascarets, beauty for ten cents. All druggists, satisfaction guaranteed, 10c, 25c, 50c. Art i3 long when drawn iJnetoseope. out through the To Curo a Gold in One Day. Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All Druggists ref uud money if it falls to care. 25c. Tho weather never goU cold enongh to nip the society bud. Dont Tobacco Spit and Smoka Tear lift Away. To qutt tobaeeo easily and forever, be magnetic, lull of lifev nerve and vigor, take No-To-Bac. the wonder-worker, that makes weak men strong. All druggists, 50c or tl. Cure guaranteed. Booklet and ; sample free. Address Sterling Remedy Co., Chicago or New Yorfe A musician that can play all kinds of in-etrumects beats the band. Fits permanently cured. No fits or nervousness after first day's use of Dr. Kline's Great Xerve Restorer. $z trial bottle and treatise free Dr. U. H. Kline, Ltd8aiArehSt..PhUa, Pa. It f eems strange that the product of the fctill ehculd make men so noisy. Lvvn A Co'h "Pick Leaf" gm0koc Tobacco (stands Hm trailed for purity and flavor. Made from the purest, ripest and sweetest Tobacco. It will please you. Try it The baby in the cradle evidently thinks thi3 ia a pretty rocky old world. Educate Your Rowels With Cascarsta Candy Ontltartic, cure constipation forever, uc, 25c. If C. C. C. faii, druggists refund money. A woman raves over her new bonnet and her husband raves over the bill for it. Mrs. Wlnslow's Soothing Syrup forchHdren teething, softens the gums, reducing infiama-tion.allays pain, cures wind colic, 25c. a bottle. A headline icads, "Spain Looks for War. Well, cau't she find it? . ' No-To-Bac for Fifty Cents. GuevsnteeO tobacco habit cure, makes weak luca stroug.fiooii pure. 60c, $1. Ail druggists. The Cuton junta seems disposed to play '"Cock o' the North" on American soQ.. I have found Piso's Cure for Consumption anunfailint; medicine. F. R. Lotz. 1305 Scott St. Coving tonKy., Oct. l.lSOi. Don't TRY to keep houe without Blue r.ibbon liakincr Powder. At all Grocers. B. R. li. P, Com pan y, Richmond. Virginia. Kentucky repotts another unfortunate effair in which -a woman was shot in the fracas." . To Cure Constipation Forever. Take Cascavets Candy Cathartic. 10c cr 25o. Ti C C. C. fail to cure, druggists refund mousy. ' President MeKinley prefers playing a waiting game, but does not say how long he wants to wait. ; Chew Star Tobacco The Bait Smoko Sledgo Cigarettes. The Kansas City Journal wrote of the "Beginning of th i End" before we had reached the end of the beginning. ; :V:- ST. VITUS' DANCE,PASIS and all ner-vousdis'tfes permanent!? cured by the use ol Dr. K ine'w Great Nerve Restorer. Send foi FRKE $1.00 trial bottle and treatise to Dr. H. II. KUne, Ltd., 931 Arch Street, Phila Pa Mount St. Helena is about to erupt. Well, that's about ail the pyrotechnics 'the coast" will have a chance to see. How'j ThUf ';'' r We offer One Hundred Doll ir Reward for any ca e of Catarrh that cannot by cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. F. J. Cheset&Co., P.ops-, Toledo, O. We, the undersigned, have known F. J. Cheney lor the lat 15 years, and believe bJm per. fectly lionor.-ble in all business t an actions and financially able to curry oat any obligation m de bv their firm. West & Tkuax, Wholesale Druggrisla, Toledo, Oh o. Warding, Kisnan & Marvin, Wholesale Druggists. Toledo, Ohio. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken Infernally, act-ing directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of th system. Piic 75c. pe- bottle. Sold by all D. vicrsrists. Testimonials free. Hall's Family Pills are the best. owllre ou! This Spring ? j Tired, nervous? . .' Can't get rested? i Tortured with boils, humors? 3 That is not strange. Impurities havej been accumulating in .''your blood during; winter and it has become impoverished.' .This is the experience of most people.! ;Therefore they take Hood's Sarsaparilla: to purify thalr blood in spring. T f j "My dadghtor was run down and tired; .while in school, and I have been giving' jher Hood's fiArsftpariUia, which has purl-.flol her blood, and built her up, and she is bow getting well and strong. I have taken, - (Hood's Barsaparilla myself with excellent results and whenever we have any little ailment we resort to this medicine. It ikeeps me in good health and good spirits.' and makes me feel younger, Jly husband has been taking Hood's Puis, and says he pever found any he liked as well." Mas. . Jenkib Pfabzgbat, 424 Warrea Street; New York, N, Y. : . Bemember f.a' America's Greatest Medicine. Sold by all druggists. $1: six for $5. Get only Hood's. Mnnri'e Pilfe are the only Pills to take tlUUU & r II lb Witb, Hood's Sarsaparilla. 7000 BICYCLES . . T ' - . ... oarriea oi irom isni mutt , oe tacripeea w. New best equipment, guaranteed. 59.75 to SI7.QO. f 1 tee waeeia. iaw moueii all m&tcea. S3 to SJ2. Wethip on approval tctth-out a cent payment. Writ welT'sis medeU. BIGTC1E FREE for r . . W . I II. anil . o. taln.n. on to ariYertlse them. Send for one. Blderuntl Wanted. Learn how to Karm a Ulcjcleandmaa money. K. F. flIEAP CYCLE COMPANY, Caicaga. OSBORNE'S text 0 ' SliLrt twr.o. Cheap board- 8eo.1 for catalogs. DETECTIVES e want indus-trious, trust worthy men to represent ub; expen- nee unnecessary: applr with references. Kehablb Cxtectivk Actscy. SSa Broadway, Kew York Citv. 1EF2 AND WOMEfl WANTED t i vn TTtATEI. for old established house. Per' Id esi 10 ne: ISmanent position. $40 per month and all ex- renses. P.W.ZIEGLEK b CO., S38 Ixcnit Bt.,Phila. CHARLOTTE COMMERCIAL DLLEGE, CftfllW-OTTE, H. C. VoVacatlonsPoalUona Guaranteed -Catalogue Free S. N. U. No. 1C '98. . buHtS WhtHt All fisTfAiiS. k-i Bast Louth Syrup. Tastes Good. tTse i i ! . XT flR PE S KB Present War Talk Brings the Sub-I ect to Mind. - HE GIVES SOME STATISTICS Showing the Amount Paid by Geor gia and the South to Her Old Soldiers and Their Widows Since the - War. ! . ; i: .!'. . -'i .';. .- ',-.";! .-.'.' '. -" -. : Sad memories come over us about this time. The tocsin of impending war carries us back thirty-seven years, when I orgia and the South every where was in a state of feverish excitement when the roll of drum and the thrilling notes cf r the fife were heard in cities and towns and recruiting camps and men women and children all seemed to be wild with patriotic enthusiasm, t Only the aged men and women were serious and solemn and silently smothered their apprehensions. After the State had seceded it wa3 hardly safe for a man to talk for the union. Here and there could be heard a bold, decant voice like that of Pettigrew, the great lawyer, who, when asked by a countryman the road that would lead him to the lunatic asylum, exclaimed: "Ad? road, Blr; every rond, Bir; all the roads, sir. This whole btate is one vast lunatic asylum " ' ;'" ' ;; . Ihe war fever is as contasious as the smallpox, and is an epidemic for which there is no cure but blood. April is a historic month. In April the first guns of the war w ere fired and Fort Sumter fell aud surrendered. In April President Lincoln called for 75,-000 men to suppress! the rebellion ; In April Virginia seceeded from the rebel- lion, and General Bobert E. Lee seceded from his allegiance to the United States army and tendered his sword to his State and Confederacy. In April President Davis telegraphed Governor Brown for three companies to march immediately to Norfolk, and in twenty-four hours a batallion was on the cars and arrived there before tbe Virginia troops did. And. last of all. in April Lee and Johnston both surrendered their armies and the war was .over. There is a world of history, sad, thrilling and glorious history between the beginning and the end. Who that was in it can forget it? It glows brighter and grander as the years roil on. No wonder the Burviviag veterans wish to meet once more. For thirty years their glorious deeds have been tossed about as treason and rebellion and a crime, but these old soldiers have never surrendered their convictions cor felt ashamed of their sacrifice. And so let them gather in Atlanta in July and have one more embrace and confeder ate again in memories of battles lost and battlesnoo and hardships innumerable, and at the last a sad but, sweet return to home and kindred a home desolated and a kindred thinned by death. ; livery tram brings news now news of impending war but we are not excited like we were then. We remember when there was no telegiah wire to Borne and tbe daily signal-came with the daily.tram from Kingston. If Wiley Harbin, the old engineer, gave three long:, loud, cheering whistles on his approach to town everybody waked up for good news and exchanged greetings. "Lee has whipped 'em again," wa8 the watchword and the people hur ried to the depot to meet tbe train and get ail the good of it. Two whistles from the engine was indifferent news and was bad and sad, but did not come often, for old Bob Lee and Stonewall whipped them as often as they got at them and would have been whipping them yet if our boy children had grown up a little faster. v e almost robbed the cradle and the grave for Boldiers, and efen then " got only one for three foes. I .shall always think they ought to have toted fair" with us and fought us two to one instead of three don't you? I wouldn't have a pension that took three to one to win would you ? When I was a school boy I had a fight with another boy and two of my friends clubbed In and sorter helped me, and I never ielt so ashamed of anything in my life. But old Georgia has never discounted her gratitude to her soldiers or their widows. She is a long ways ahead of her sister States. Last year she paid more to them than all tha other Southern States combined paid to theirs. Vieginia paid to hers 140,000, Ala-; bama $116,000, North Carolina $113,-003, South Carolina 3100,000, Florida $65,000, Tennessee $68,000, Mississippi i $75,000, Arkansas $42,O0J, Kentucky nothing and Texas $38,000, whila Georgia paid over $600, 000. ''- Now while we can boast of this, yet I am free to say and dare to say, for I am not a candidate for anything limited or unlimited, that our pension laws are not just and need ref orming Georgia has overdone the thing." Pensions should be awarded to the needy, and the needy only. The grand juries of the counties should distribute the pension fund and make selection of the poor soldiers and the poor widows and be required to add 25 per cent, to the fund apportioned by the State.' Considering the general depression, the State is paying too much. It should be reduced at least one half, and let the counties make up part of. the de-deficiency. Where is the justice or propriety of paying a man $100 a year who is worth $10,000 to $20,000 while many poor, invalid soldiers, who fought just as hard and endured . just as much, -but did not lose an arm or a leg, get , nothing. I see that both Atkinson and Berner, in their declarations, speak of the rewards that were promised the soldiers. That is a mistake nothing was ; promised nor was anything expected. -They fought for their country and $10 a month and hardtack and bacon or beef, and that was all they expected. The word pensions was not in the . dictionary. . I know a widow whose husband; was killed at Bull Bun and she does not need her pension and at first declined to receive it, but changed her mind and gives it all to widows who are needy. The grand juries of the counties know who should be the beneficiaries t of the pension fund and if they have to add 25 per cent to it, they would be careful to see that it was not misapplied. , It seems to me that a leak of at least $100,000 might be stopped in this way, but as I am not a candidate, mavbe I don't know. Then there is another leak that needs stopping. The railroad commission should be reformed. When Campbell Wallace and Colonel Tram mell and Sam Barnett first took hold of it there -wai lots of work to tio sad it took nearly all tuair time, liuitaej bunt tii iiynteai Uh&ut te guide or precedent. They established rules and ' regulations and these have ; long sinc beea reconsidered and readjusted, and are now generally accepted and approved by the railroads and the people. Now the commission has to meet only once of ti'ce a month and one competent man as chairman is all that is needed.- Colonel Trammell. front his long experience, could run he whole business and this would save, $5i000 a year, besides the secretary's fcalary, which is another thousand. "If Colonel Trammell or his successor needed any occasional help to decide new questions he might call in the ComptrollerTGen-eral and the Secretary of State," who would willingly serve for notiung pari of one day in a month, school commissioner Glenn has that kind of help on his board and it costs the State nothing. Why can't we do that and save a leak of $16,000? Why not? I tellyou; my long-suffering friends," the government expenses have got to be cut down in some wav; not just a little, but a good deal. "Sine qua nona" are bigger things now than sinecures. ' The people are poor. The preachers tell ua that a hungry man can't get religion and,if he should he can't enjoy it. If we don t stop ihe leaks the weole dam business will bnrst and wash away and the mill can't grind at all. I remember well when we had no pensions nor 6Chool fund, and the people got along pretty well. The young men married the young girls and left the widovs for the widowers. There was no such a word as troasseau in the dictionary, but if there were lees clothes there was more love; and fewer divorces. t '. :'; ." ':- r - y -' . But we will talk about these things later, when we eet to the legislature. I'm not going to vote for any man ho will not promise to cut down the taxes, and we will talk about the pension bt s iness when the veterans meet in July. I was ruminating? about that day the anniversary of the greatest battle ever fought and : the greatest victory ever won by Conf ed erate soldiers. It was a small affair compared with Gettysburg and Shiloh and the Wildevneis, bat its impression on the countiy and soldiers was more profound thau any other. It was like? a young mother's firet child none th it came after ever created so great a sbnsation. How vivid are the scenes, therapid night march from . Winchester, the crossing the Shenandoah by torchlight, wading up to the armpits "with guns and cartridge. held up. I can eee Jimmy Smith, the little drummer boy of the Eighth Georgia, and little McKosker, bobbing up end down over the deep places with water running into the5r mouths, while taller soldiers .behind them held them steady. I hear j the shouts of Stone-: wall "Jackson's - men as they came through the woods and turned the tide to victory. I see the widow glade and the little branch where Dr. Miller and his assistants worked . all night with their knives and probes and bandages, and every; little .while said, "next,"-like the barbers to their customers. 1 see the dead in the pine thicket and the wounded placed in the ambulances and hurried to the Lewis house for a hospital. I see the New York Zouaves in the field near the old stone House on tha pike. ) How thick they laid upon the ground how fat 'they seemed next morning as the burial squads rolled them into the shallow trenches. They had swollen in form and feature during tho night until their corpses filled their loose clothes almost to burs tint;. But when we all-meet on the 21st we will talk over the misty past -and rejoice with those who rejoice and weep with those who weep. A sea of tears has already been shed, both North and South; but still the chalices , are not empty nor the hearts of the veterans seared over by the iron hand of time. Bill Arp, in Atlanta (Ga. Constitution. ;: ' THE BIARKETS.' KEW TOBK COTTOJJ FT7TUBES. New York. Cotton steady. Middling upland, 6i; ; Middling Gulf, 6$. x1 utures closed steady. - i .i - Opening. April ................ Closing May June...;............. July.. August. September October.... November December. J anuary . ............. February. 611 60t 6 13 6 03 617 6 10 6 19 - 6 12 6 17 6 11 6 17 - 6 11 615 6 12 6 19 6 14 6 21 6 15 OTHER COTTON MARKETS. Charleston. Cotton steady; mid. 5J.. Columbia. Cotton quiet; mid. 5. Charlotte. Cotton steady, mid. 5j. Wilmington. Cotton firm; mid. 5. Savannah. Cotton- steady; mid. 5. Norfolk. Cotton steady; mid. 6. Memphis. Cotton firm; mid. 5J. Augusta. Cotton firm; mid. 6 1-13. Baltimore. Cotton nominal; mid. 6. New Orleans Cotton steady; mid, 11-16. ,.f BAIiTIUOBB PRODUCT MAEKET. Baltimore. Flour dull; .Western super. $2.70(a3.10;do exlra$3.404.0O; do family $4. 404 65 ; winter wheat pat ent $4.8o5.10; spring do g5.2o5.50; spring wheat straight S5.105.a5, ;, Wheat Strong; sfiot and month,. t.02il. 02; May, l.C21.024; July 90 bid: steamer a a. area, aaoayy; Esoutn- ern wheat, by sample 1. 001. 03J; do on grade 1.00(311.03. , - Corn Strong; spot and month, 36 (&36: May 35l36 July 36i36f; steamer mixed, 35.35-; Southern white corn,- 37; do yellow, 3bj. ' j i.W 'f KAVAI4 8TOBBS. .', ; Charleston Turpentine market nor mkl at 25. Bosin firm and unchanged. Savannah. Spirits turpentine firm at 25. Rosin firm. A, U. U, V, V, 1.10: F 1.15: G 1.25;, H 1.40; I 1.45, K 1.50;M 1.55; N 1.65; window glass 1.75 water white 1. 85. Wilmington. Spirits turpentine firm at 25f 254; Kosin dull at 1.05&1. 10. Crude - turpentine ' quiet at 1.251.90 Tar firm at 95. New York Bosin steady. Tnrpen tine 8030l. - COTTON SEED OIXi. - New York Cotton seed oil steady prime crude 1920; prime yei'ow 22V. DANTCLIdS, VA., TOBACCO HABKET. Common dark. . . . . . . . .$ 3 50$ 4 50 Medium dark 4 50 6 00 Manufacturing lugs.. ... 5 00 6 50 Granuiators. . v . . ........ 5 00 8 00 Cutters common ......... 8 00 12 50 Cutters medium Cutters fancy -:':: ti'-f;; miat. Common . .'. . Medium. ....... ... . . . Good fillers"......... . 15 00 25 00 .$ 4 00$ 5 01 . 6 00 7 00 ; 7 00 10 00 ;' . WBAPFEBS. Common.. 'i .......... , Medium.......... ...... Fine................... $10 00$15 00 15 00 20 00 25 00 50 00 5 "I have received nineteen proposals In the last two moaths." "You don't lay' What a large number of suitors you must have Whom were the pro-poa tvwV "Oae from Cbarlle and Hclita tfom that rrts-mnV'-' GOOD E0ADS NOTES. If ":A MUllonair Koad Supervisor. The election of A. J. Cassatt for boad Supervisor in Lower Merion Townshipj Montgomery Cduflty'i feigb teen times in succession goes td. prove that an entirely capable i official may fasten hiniself to his place so that he cannot be dislodged Mr; Cassatt is a SuDervisor who has supervised. The roads in Lower Merion are models. Philadelphia Becord. . ', . ' : Eoad-Baildins Periods. tn on interesting article on-"An-cient and Modern HighwaySi" bt X L. Whittle, in the i New England Magazine, the writer divides tho history of road-building, as affected by varicus uses, into three periods; One," During the reign of the Egyptian and Assyrian Kings; twtf.Beginnirg with tho rise of Carthage, - and continuing through the rise and fall of the Roman empire; three, Beginning in -France, with the roads "conceived by Napoleon and executed by Tresaguet;" then by Macadam and Telford in England, afterwards ott the Continent, and sow in the United States. . . - " Financial Benefits of Good Eoadi The financial benefits of fgood roads fare numerous and pretty Well under stood by those who have given the subject careful thought, but the questions of increased convenience and greater values must not be considered of any mora importance than ; the civilizing effect that- passable highways would Hbring to the community at large.": Men are gregarious by nature, and the freer the intercourse between all parts of a country, the greater will be its develop ment, commercially, intellectually, and morally. - ::v.; ' We can be the means of improving our highways aud making them in this generation equal to any in the world, and thus leave to posterity a legacy more valuable than fortune or fame. Colonel Pope, in the Outlook. Goat of Traveliag on Bad Roads. . An illustration of the comparative cost of hauling over good and bad roads is furnished by C. E. Ashburne, Jr., in the Louisville Courier-Journal. The incident came under his own ob servation, and the roads were in Ken tucky. He says: "A machine weighing 16,000 pounds was drawn four miles on the Brock turnpike, a macadamized road. It re quired four mules (4000 pounds to mule), and one-and-one-half hours of time, at a cost of fifteen ctnts per mule per hour, or a total cost for four miles of ninety cents. "After traveling four miles on mac adamized turnpike the route lay a little less than 2000 feet (lesa than two- fifths of a miles on a dirt road. To travel this 2000 feet it was necessary to use ten of the best mules and seven men; and with this force it took nine "hours to complete the journey. The cost was $33.80, at which rate, four miles would have cost $203.03; or, in other words, $203.08 is absolutely thrown away for want of a macadam ized road." ' : - '.' ' ' . Econonay of Good Tioada. . New Jersey has gained an enviable reputation for the lead it has taken in improving its roads, and it is not sur prising that the State has been selected by the Jfostonice Department lor one of its experiments in the practicability of rural mail deliveries by earners, j The report of the Commissioner of Roads shows that this work is making such gratifying progress that, as soon as a few connecing links have been ! finished, it will be possible to travel on macadam from Jersey City to Atlantic City, and from Paterson to the Delaware Biver. The State Aid law, at first opposed by the farmers, has won their enthusiastic support, since they have learned thaV the ' additional tax is far more than ofGset by the lower cost of transportation of their products, and by the greater frequency with which xity folk go into the country. - : -y; Some striking figures bearing upon the cost of transportation have been collected by the New Jersey Boad Commissioner. He shows that the saving on a bushel of wheat carted over good roads" for five miles is equivalent to the cost of 600 miles - of transportation by steamer or canal or of 375 miles by rail. It costs $2 a ton to haul the farm produce of the American farmer to market; and if all the hauling were over good roads, the total saving to the farmer would be $GOO,000,000. The ; most expensive part of the journey of wheat from the field to the market is that portion which lies between the farm and the town or railway: station. This truth is becoming more and more widely known, and the practical economy of good roads is giving every year greater impetus to the movement for the improvement of these bands of civilization. It is to be hoped that the New Jersey Legislature will pass the bill giving a rebate of taxes to farmers' who use tires more : than three and one-half inches wide. The use of broad tires may in time be supple mented by the laying of steel tracks, which will save four-fifths of the power expended in hauling over; even an iaiprbved macadam road. - This New Jersey ; report ; should make interesting and instructive reading for the people's representatives at Albany, in view of the needed ad vance in the matter of . good roads in this f btate and the introduction of tne an nual bill in Senate and Assembly.- New York Mail and Express. : ' Th Tax Ievied by Bad Roads. Mr. Clarence Boleman, an engineer who was a V delegate to the Good Beads Convention held at Bichmond in 1894, demonstrated the cost of the bad roads of that State to form an aggregate enough to raise the hair of farmers who grumble at their taxes, yet put up with the extravagance and inconvenience of mud tracks over which they do their hauling. The population of Virginia in 1890 was 1,655,980, and it had only 689 miles of macadamized road. Said Mr. Cole man: "I have figured from the statistical abstract of the United States for 1893 that our principal ; crops ; of corn; wheat, potatoes and tobacco amount to 1,265782 tons of 2000 pounds aoh. I omit aU other products, such as Jam t ev, minsrala aad other -rops, ft? an oftiet against that part of the c5 hamej and taking 2000 pounds as an average ldjid gnd teiJ milesas the average haul would give 12,657,-20 ten miles; which at twenty-five dents per ten mile, represents, $3,164,455 as the total cost of hauling all products to the railroad or market. Now if under the proposed condition of - good highways the average load can be increased td ven 4090 pounds then we are again paying' each year" $lj.582, 227.50 for our bad roads. But if wd can haul the load of 4000 pounds then we affect a saving m cost of $jl2,831, aud that amount must be charged to the account of bad roads.- - 5 " "Then taking the assessed value 6f all rehicles in the State at $3,051,783, and estimating annual . depreciation uade present conditions at 10 per cent., it is perfeStly reasonable to as sume that under the proposed eoiidi- tion 5 per cent, would cover depreei ation,- thus giving another charge oi $151.GS6.90. "And, finally, taking tho assessed value of horses and mules at $13, 495,-032 and allowing that with good roads can reduce the present cost of feeding and depreciation of stock to an extent represented , by three per r cent, of value, we have $404,877.96. Then we may sum up the annual cost of bad roads in Virginia as follows: Td Interest on depreciation land...; f 1,523,880 63 To additional cost of hauling. 1,582,227 50 To loss of time baulinr .. . .... 612,691 00 To depreciation vehicles..... 151,530 W To depreciation horses ana mules ........... ... t . . . 404,877 98 Chargeable to bad roads...... $4,273,403 99 "Professor Ely has estimated that the loss per horse per annum on. ac count of bad roads amounts in the United States to $45, and figuring on that basis for tho State of Virginia we would have 290,567 horses at 315, or $4,358,505, as the cost of bad roads, or $14, 78 for each horse instead of $15. I have thought these figures too high until I made these calculations, but I am now convinced that they are perfectly reasonable. : "If my reasoning on this subject of the cost of bad roads is correct, we are losing in this State $11,713.60 for each day in the year, or $2.58 per annum for each unit in the population. If we had the use of the money chargeable to bad roads we could construct 1710 miles of the best class of macadam roads each year, and in fifteen years our road system would be on plane with that of France. "Accordingjto these figures our bad roads are costing tis $2,478,918.97, more than the total tax collected in this State, which, in 1833, only amounted to $1,996,545.02. IThis invisible but insidious tax is none the less fatal to our prosperity because it is not gathered by the tax collector. On its list there are no delinquents, and there can be no evasion of payment." No man who has reflected upon the subject, believes these figures are ex aggerated, ihe cost in lrginia is proportionally as great in Kentucky, though we have many times more good roads.. But the whole State should have its highwavs improved. It would co3t money, but it would cost indefi nitely less than the present wretched cystem of highways in most of the counties. Besides, it would add immeasurably to the charms and attrac tiveness of rural life, would check the drift of population to the cities, and would elevate the farming class in the social and pecuniary scale as nothing else can. Louisville Courier-Journal. A New Ue For Carpets. One of the latest public uses for Wilton carpet of an extra quality is that of the swab for Uncle Sam's huge cannon now being placed on the new battle ships and forts. According to ordnance experts the old method of swabbing cannon with cotton waste or like stuffs has been very ineffective. such fibres failing to properly cleanse the interior of the iron monsters. It is stated tnat tne grade of unto n re quired by the ordnance department is an eight-inch frame of the finest worsted, and that when the cannon is swaoDed witu the material it is again ready for business immediately. Dealers in short lengths and rem nants, however, must cot imagine that Uncle Sam wants anything4 but full lengths. He is very cranky about his cannon swabs and, while not ready to give contracts, would like the mills to keep Wilton looms well oiled up in case Spain gets nasty over the Cuban nuestion. It is believed, in fact, that with a good supply of eight-inch frame Wilton on board an American battle ship would feel almost equal to con fronting two British battlesnips of the same tonnage and armament. Amen can Carpet and Upholstery Journal. How to Stop Coughing. The following is from a doctor con nected with an institution where there are many( children: "There is noth ing more irritable to a cough than a cough. For some time I had been so fully assured of this that I determined, for one minute at least, to lessen the number of coughs heard in a certain ward in a hospital of the institution. By the promise of rewards and pun ishments I succeeded ' in inducing them to simply hold their breath when tempted to cough, and in a little wmle I was myself surprised to see how, some of the children entirely recovered Irom the disease. Constant coughing is" precisely like scratching wound on the outside of the body. So long a3 its done the wound will hot heal. Let a person when tempted to cough draw a long breath and hold it until it warms and soothes every air 'cell, and some benefit will soon be received from this process. The nitrogen which is thus refined acts as an anodyne to the mucuous membrane, allaying the desire to cough and giving tho throat and lungs a chance to heal. At the same time a suitable medicine will aid nature in her effort to recuperate." New Tork Ledger. "Whalebone I Scarce. Whalebone is scarcer now than it has been for some time. It was hard to get last season, and this year's supply is still smaller. . There are eight vessels stuck in the ice up north today, and if they do not get out the market will be decidedly short, and ladies fair will have to put up with base imitations in 4heir stays and bodices, -". , ' . ' - - - Busy Parla Morgne, ' The Paris morgue receives annually about 1000 corpses. AU ' of these bodies p.re itUotifled by relative, with The Cattae ! Dyapeptis. From itt Jiepublican, ticr'anten, Penna. The primary caused dyspepsia Is'Iiobcf vitality: the absence of nerve I orc; tbe loss of tiiolife-susfiljllng elements of the blood. No organ can properly fetlotA It function when ihe source of nutrimui fads. When fhe'stomaoh Is robbed of thenourili- ment domaaded . t'f nature, asslmilatida ceases, unnatural gases are' grW?atd; the ntlxe system responds to the di3ccr"a A practical illustration of the symptod? and tdrture.cf dy8Pfsia is furnished tf the casa of JosIt T Vandke, 440 Hickory St., Scrantori, yd: . . .. .. In telling his story, Mf. Vandyke" etiyBi "Five years ago I was afflicted WHh a troublo of the stomach, wbieh was very agf? ravat-iog. 1 had no appetite, could not enjoy myself at any timo, and , c.irealafly was tlia troublo eovero whon I awoke In the morn- I 'ST.; I did not know wliat lUo altaent was, hut it be- came steadily worso and I ' was eoitfii'utst mii-cfy. "I calieiT.iu my family pliysklan; 'and he dias-' nosed the caao as catarrh of tbe stomach. IIo prescribed for mo ttftd J had his nreacrintion filled. J In Mitfry. took nearly all of the medicine',- but still tho trouble became worse, and I felt that ray condition was hopeless. 1 tried several remedies recommended by my friends dui without beneSt. After I had.been suffering severs! months, Thomas Campbell, also a resident of tbis city, urged me to try lie. Williams Pink FUU for Pale People. "Ho anally persuaded me to buy a box and I began to use tho plus according to directions. Before I had taken the seoond box I began to feel relieved, and after taking a few more boxes, I considered myself restored to health. -The pills gave me new life, strength, ambition and happiness." Dr. Williams" rink l'Uis curo dyspepsia bv restoring to tho blood the requisite con stituents of life.-by renewing tAe nervo foroo and enabling tbe stomach to promptly and properly aaalmilato the food. These pills are a spesinc lor an Giseasos uaving their origination in impoverished blood or disordered nerves. They contain every element requisite to general nutrition, to restore strength to tho weak, good health to the ailing. Reduced Bates In May. The Seaboard Air Line announces the fol-f owing jrednced rates for special occasions to take claeo in May: Baltimore, Md. : Quadrennial Conference of tha M. E. Chureb, South. Bate of one one faro for the round trip, tickets on sale May 2ud-4tb. with Cnal limit My 81st. New Orleans. La.: National Order of Elks. Ilaie of one fare for tbe round trip. tickets on rale May 7th-9tb. with ilnal limit of fifteen days. General Afenilily of the Presbyterian Ctiurch of the U. 8, Bate of one fare for the round trip, tickets on pale May 17th-l9th, with final limit of June 1th. Norfolk. Va.: Southern Bapth-t and Auiil iary Conventions. Bate of one fare for the round trip, tickets on sale May 2d-6tb, with final limit of fifteen days. Charlotte, N. C: Twentieth ofHay celebration of the Mebklenburg Declaration of Indeiende&ce. Bate of cue fare for tbe round trip, tickets cn sale May 16tu-19tb, and one cent per mile travelled from points within a radius of two hundred miles, tickets on sale 18th-19tb, with final limit May 331. Beunion CeD federate Veterans. Bate of one cent rrmilo travelled, tickets on sale May 13th-lSth with final limit May 23d. For full information fo rgard to these rates call on or address any agent of the Seabnard Air Line or write to . i. j. AMJtiiiU, Geo. Pass. Agent, Portsmouth, Va A Good Dictionary For Two Cents. A. dictionary containing 10,000 of the most mefui words lathe Enslisb liDeuace. is pnbiHhed by the Dr. Willjnmi Medicine Co., Schenectady, K. Y. While it contains sooie adrertisiae, it is a eoiepleta dsction-afy, concise and correet. In coiniiiic;? this book care has ben taken to,mlt none of those common words whose spelling or exact use occasions at times a momentary cffJlrulty, even to weil edu catcd people,- Tha main aim has beea to give s.fuiueh usefal information & pos-eiLle in a limited spaie. Tj those who already have a dictionary, this book will commend itself because it is compact, light ana convenient; to those who have no dictionary whatever, it will be invaluable. One may be revered by writing to tbe above Toncern, mentioning this paper, and en tloslng a two-cent stamp. yVORLD'S LARGEST SHEEP FARM ! " i 1 ' ' "' "'..-' ' Anatralia Breeder Will Shear Orer 1,250,000 Animal This Season. Samuel McCaughey, of Coonong, Rt- vverlna, N. A. W, is the largest sheep farmer In the world, both as regards numbers and, what is more Important, tinality. He is the most progressive sheep farmer of the age,, and has brought his stock to great perfection, lie shears 1,250,000 sheep this season, scd would have had more, but lost, 250,000 in the drouth two years ago, but thought nothing of it, as every year he has between 300,000 and 400.-C00 larats. At Toorak and Dunlop, his stations on the Darling river, h? shears 00,000 sheep this year, llj bought thera from bis uncle, Sir Samuel Wsi; fcon, and has developed them magnificently. There Is literally "water, water, everywhere," what, with dams, tanks and artesian -wells; and all It 'fenced in and subdivided Into prfd-docks." The area Is about 1,500,C00 acres In a ring fence, lie has also a fiie property In Queensland, cn vrhlcii hp 'ss shearing 400,000 sheep. Ills Coo-wtis station is only his stud farm. It (i only 41,000 acres in extent, and be has upon It 15,000 sheep of very high quality, from which he sends annually large drafts to Improve the breed on bis other properties. - Mc McCaughey is able to boast, is one result of long-continued ""-efforts, that he has increased the yield of each of bis own sheep yearly to the extent of ' one pound of clean scoured wool. Now, even at Ihe present low range of prices, a pound of clean scoured merino combing Is not worth less than 18 pence, so that It follows that this enterprising man has increased his wool returns by upward of 100,000 per 'annum. These victories of Mr. McCaughey are not merely "no less," but "much more": renowned than the sort of victories that are gained on tbe northwest frontier of India. It was only fourteen years ago that the owner of Coonong first became convinced of the, value of the Vermont breed of merino sheep. It was in 1SSS that he purchased about a dozen of this breed of rams, which had been imported into Sydney. ; So convinced -was he that he had, as It were, struck oil. that three ,years later he visited the Btates and Viewed for himself 100 of the finest rams in that State and the following year the flock -was added to by a further Importation of 300 more. From that time to tbe present almost every year has found Mr. McCaughoy Importing more of these wonderful creatures.-Leeds lercury. A Choice Occupation. -' They were making out the dance list for a prospective ball and were putting down lancers, waltzes, two-steps, etc., when they were interrupted. "What are you doing?" said the new-cainer. , - - ' ' ' . 'Pcrn't you sec?" replied tho wit of tha family, "rjlesf ticp,"-Nortti TljC :UU TUU PxNUW Jiik -VKAT IT DOES? Ff FT! f 2 it relieve."-ape trotx of 'fijro for strcn drink oi or dro?c rsitcre CURE 1 hit nervous gyfiem to lt D'lrmal coDfiitkon. and reiustat'is a nn to h's honie au-i bu'lnecs. For part rnlarf juldrrs The REEI.EY INfiTll t 1 K. ;rrenM..r. Bt.C, 4l MadiHon 'tv, Baltun:re, Ml. A K. tV ii. V IL' U.jti ii,ir.i h.T. J0H S. WSICHT Is the ptole' friond and enpplies thtm -wliU J'i iuos and Oia-mi iron fal homo otnet) n- L.i-usboro Price. A rein'-uio gurin.oo S7ery lDatruuient. GHICKEHS MM tw too civarif.tf tfv.t.r. Ton eannot do llils unlet y. tnct-rHnnt ttn and know how to cater o tUrir rr'tnwintfct r . i... . . , n l A.,", it 1 1-. t by perleoce, 0 you fniwt buy tlia LhowirJs wi'I'ito-I Ly otoeJ W o'ivt llik to yu tot vulyyii "3 YOU WANT TH2M TO PAY THE! FT OWN WAY, erfl If yw morelf keep tliKtn am a 4llrs.. in order to bfl Fowl judlciuuilr, ymi tmat omellitng abtftft ibwn. 'lo meet lUi tvm.t -.rtaam Ot a prcujtioui poultry ra.w Jort'' tvmtMTt years. It waa Wflwu y a inn " P" all bis mwi, and time, and r.iOaey u inat.ns a nuiil f!ilun raising not a iiaHilt. uut " biulne-Tt(l If you wilt profit UK eniy-.-i years' wortf, j9 eati man Ou!-' itniaiir ana make yon wi ara dollar J tor point la. tnat you mu t uaams . Li Poultry Yard a macro It epii bow to remedy It. lha uooS win tn yon. ' it telia bow to detect and cure air.w, t- feea ror ta nd alao for fattening! which fowls' loaarefut breeditic purpose; Mid erytnlriar. tii-l, yau atarald koowontliU subject to mtk It pmiliauuv Ml postpaid iwcmj-u c v Book Publishing House I 1 134 Laost ST- V. T. OUT. ALABAMA LADIES Brave as Lions. jctuicr, aio., writes-My Hmb&nd wa . cured of X2Uiousnea by lr. M. A. Sim-, mo us Idrcr Ilodl-ci:jo, v.Llch 1 baro tiod Vi yeir. linrei riod loth Zcilin'o tad! "Ciark Urtugbt," and. I I 1,(r tli.i Jit. A. I : Cy .-.ik. r.nnerlor tbat . - a .T--i It I. f7orth tureo or four ct cither tho other Wad. Insufficien! McRSiruaiJcri 1 Is eoiactimca caused by non-ccvelcpment of tiis parts, Bometimea by obstructions la HMuth of vagina, and nmucUmea by constipated bowels, but oaaally resclta f roti a do-LilitaLod conditionof too frystem.Trhlcn pro-venta nature from overcoming oy nnoBnal exposure, snch oa trtzbt orpttinefeet wet. Dr. Simmons Squaw Vino Tino builda I nr theeTstcta and enree the 6ioT'cr, vbllo Xr. M. A. Simmon Uvrr JJ-cn-iu curea the constipation, indipebtion, of rP-tite. pains in bnck. fcipB, hcs.'l .W Uaibs, Which arensu6ll7 prc&cit. Ehellmaa, Ga,, writes: I have used Ir. N. A. feixc-mont Liver ledtctuo 15 years. It cured mo cf Torpid tier, InOigcstloc, KerrousaeftS and glecp-Icesaesa. Jt cured my Viito of ft Femalo Complaint, tyro Aunts Lave been grer.uy pene-flted by it in their eld ac TTfivo uei ' Blaf k Prat' fib V 'ii f.'it t!iir.k lr. M. XI. far cupener vo w - Skin and Eyea Yellow. 1 Thisdjsordcrilr.daiftdrcctcr.r'Ln roma d-Ttinnserit in tin Jivcr fed i'3 c'.cfscly tdlicd clal. Tho tile, icv-ra t f r r.-fic outthr'jtijh ho barrel.', hr.3 becu f t ;-t -clod, eadadiaf?no cotlct tronu its v.v.z t ua. .ncls,bas axaiaau:tccl aud bcn u;Lcncp by tho ch9orients cud hs'.ribuicl ever tna eyatein, poifonicS- tJood and diiturbina; allthofoactiansot the touy. la tho treatment cf tbi3 disease, !-. 21. A,fciamoni ldrcr Slediciaoehocl i bf tnhca tl jht ttnq noraiog until the caia:i'-'Xioa bscomta clesr. . Enarn rrarda Vs.tii crrtrt yoti for ynr money. Tho iinitaJiona that try to tits Ui rlaca of tha Or:rr;r:l-Ir. il. A. Eir-raona JJvcriIlicine, whilo b7 Juterciitod ucnlcrs eoidr.9 "thauame," aro cdffrtiwd as "not tbo farae," and yon tiny t d-crtd nnd deceirod ror yonr nrnncy at tha cxv610 O yourhealcfi. Bo ware I like every other nourishment. crop, A fertilizer containing nitro- gen; phosphoric acid, and not less than 3 of actual Pots tvill increase the crop and improve the land. Our books tell all about the subject. They ire free to any farmer. ( GERMAN KALI WORKS. ' 93 Natsau St., New York. "IaufTbred thetortnreaofthe damnfd with protruding piies brougrbt on by constipation with which I was aifltctl for twenty years. I ran across your CASCAKKTS In tba town of Nawell, Is., and never found anything to equal them. To-day I am entirely tree from piles and feel like a new mun." C. H. Kkitz, 1411 Jones 1st., Sioux City. la. CANDY CATHARTIC TRAOC MANN REOiaTBREO piuinnt (i.lauhlo i'liit-nt. Taste Ofvi 110 Good eer blcheu. Weaken, or Ciipe. 1c, i&e. We. ... CURE CONSTIPATION. ... Stsrtlaa HtrJ CiMptsr, f tk-aro. aostrr.l, htm ork. $t ftjn TfJ H11 and inisrantopd by all drug- U" I U'liAu kUU to ILUL Tobacco Uubit. HORPHINE HABITS fi VEAL. Mtrr., I.ithla S I cured. Address B.tt. iprlnif Opium Cura Co., Lock Bos 8, Austell, Ga. 8 N. V. No. 16 '83.' r f and t-iquor liabit curea J ; ' IO to 211 dv i ho l ay tld curel. Dr. .1. CStephfna, Iept. A, LrliiMiOD, Ohio. h:dbe it is. Want to learn all about a Horse? How to 1'K'k Out a Good One? Know! r Imperfec-iNy it 4. ird against disease aud J ,m ' 1 "i n eaaia Is V I be Ago by " V 1 tions an so Guard Fraud? Detect Iilscase I Effect a Cura whan possible? Tell tbe the Teeth? What to call tha Dlfforf at Parts ot ths Animal? How to Blioe a Horse Properly? All this sud other Valuable IniormaUon can bo oWaiuel by reading our lOO-FAUU lI.I,V$TltATJ IIOU."E BOOI which ws will forward, ft-pid, on receipt of only 20 ceets la atuuir.e, BOOK PUB. HOWfj, 'Cotton, needs sh,

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