The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 8, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, September 8, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 143 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Dally Newi Mississippi Valley Uader Myttwville R«rald •am DOWNANT KBrwApiiVop HORTCTAOT ARKAN8Ag AND SOUTHBABT MISSOURI , — •— . Adenauer Begins Forming Cabinet Seeks Government Dedicated To East German Liberation Full-Scale By GEORGE BOULTWOOD BONN, Germany (AP) — Germany's victorious Chancellor Konrad Adenauer today began welding a new German government dedicated to the "liberation" of East Germany and close armed alliance with the West. -+ The 77-year-old Christian Democrat chief opened talks with political leaders on the shape of his new administration after thanking West Germans last night for the votes that put him firmly in the |\ll f fN* 1 saddle for another four years. Ulnf I IIC m IT A Speaking to a huge victory rally I WW ^/ IjjUU LC gathered in the Bonn town square, r Adenauer called on his people for a mighty, united effort to release the 18 million East Germans from the " voke o£ Soviet oppression and slavery." The Chancellor's consultations on his new government were expected to be short. He is scheduled to present plans for the new lineup Thursday to a committee of his party, The new government must be approved by the incoming Bunde- stag (lower house of Parliament), which is expected to meet here for the first time Oct. 2. Some sort of coalition seemed inevitable. The big question today was how many parties would be represented. The voting: Sunday gave 48 Bun- destag seats to the Tree Democrats and 15 to the German party, both members of Adenauer's government bloc since 1949; 3 to the Centrist party, which said it would BLYTHEVILLE, ARK/VNSAS, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1953 TEN PAGES Both UN, Reds Charged With Holding Back k By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM (AP) — A full-scale dispute over the ex change of war prisoners was building up today. The Com munists accused the Allies of holding back captives and the U. N. Command drafted a demand for the return of Allied POWs it asserts are still in Red hands. While Peiping radio asserted the U. N. Command withheld 357 Chinese and Koreans from repatriation, Gen. Mark Clark's headquarters worked over a list of Americans believed in Red captivity. The names were collected from Interviews with returned prisoners, from Communist broadcasts and lists and from letters written by captives. The U. N. list, after careful rechecking, will be handed to the Communists with the demand that the Reds .either return or account •for the missing Americans: Allied spokesmen said, the names will be announced in Washington, but there no indication when. Nor was the number disclosed. Peiping claimed a check of prisoner lists showed the Allies held back 228 Koreans and 129 Chinese who wanted to return to their homelands. Both sides have insisted that all POWs who wanted repatriation were returned during the 33 days of Operation Big Switch, which ended Sunday. Meanwhile the eighth and las troopship to return American pris oners sailed from Incho with 29 ex-POWs for San Francisco. That left only 18 American re patriates in Korea. All were medi cal cases scheduled for evacuatio shortly. Next Stage Set Other ailing POWs were en rout home by plane from Tokyo. Meanwhile, the stage was being »et for the next phase of the armi slice—settling the fate of prisoner who have refused repatriation. The U. N. Command began mov Ing the first of'riearly 23,000 Com munist POWs from camps in south •rn Korea to the demilitarized zone. At the rate of about 2,500 a day the job is scheduled for comple tion by Sept. 18. The Reds say they hold abou 300 Koreans and 20 non-Koreans who have refused repatriation. The balky POWs will be guarded by Indian troops under the control of a five-nation repatriation commission. For 90 days, Allied and Communist officers will be allowed to talk with the POWs in an effort to convince them to return home. Prisoners who still balk at going home will then be turned over for 30 days to the Korean political conference. If the conference fails to settle their fate, the POWs will be re leased. Brig. Gen. Archelaus L. Hamblen Jr., chief of the U. N. group which will talk with the Allied POWs, said he hoped all "will decide to come back," but added it was too early to make predictions. He said his teams probably will start meeting with the Allied POWs about Sept. 25. FOURTEEN DIE IN TENEMENT FIRE — Smoke pours from upper floors of a tenement house in Chicago's ; south side Negro section (3616 S. State St.) as firemen battle blaze which took the lives of at least H persons yesterday. Seven of the 14 bodies taken from the four-story building were those of children. A search was begun for possible other victims who may have been buried when the back of the building collapsed. (AP Photo) Committee to Press For Base Decision A seven-man steering committee yesterday was set up to press for a decision on reactivation of Blytheville's World W7ai* IT OIT* Xic-rt , vote henceforth Chancellor; and Malaria Control Supervisor for Missco Named Oeorge O. Reid has been named malaria control supervisor-for Mississippi County, succeeding James C., Bright, who has been acting supervisor here. Announcement of the appointment was made by Dr. John T. Hcrron, state health officer. Prior to this assignment, Mr. Reid ws malaria cnr.tv.M -upsrvlsor for along with the _ , „..„ 27 to the new Refugee party formed by the mil- ions of fugitives from Communist- occupied Germany. The opposition Socialists garnered the other 150 seats. Adenauer certainly again will nclude the Free Democrats in the jovernment, giving him a safe najority of 97 votes. He hinted to reporters last night hat he might also continue his irevious' alliance with the German >arty/telling the newsmen the elec- ion /had shown the people's faith n the old grouping and-.that would >e borne in mind in the building f the new government. 86 Per Cent Voted There was also speculation Aden- uer might try to bring in the Refugee faction. Its 27 deputies r ould give the Chancellor the two- iirds majority necessary to hange the Constitution and auth- rize German rearmament If the West German supreme court de- Ides the projected German par- cipation in the European army is nconstltutional. The refugees are interested chiefly in one thing—getting back their homes in Soviet-occupied East Germany and in the German territories Poland and Russia have held since the Potsdam Conference. Adenauer urged his hearers last night to "close ranks and work together for the liberation of the eastern territories," a possibly telling argument to gain tha support of the Refugees' deputies. The elections, wmcn went, off in complete calm, left the extreme right (the neo-Nazi German Reich party) and the extreme left (the Communists) without a seat in the Bundestag. More than 86 per cent of the 33 million eligible voters went to the polls. The West hailed the triump of Adenauer's forces with obvious relief and pleasure. Official statements from Washington, London and Paris expressed "great satisfaction." In Denver, Colo., where President Eisenhower is vacationing, U.S. Secretary of state Dulles said the chief executive was pleased with Adenauer's victory. Speaking after a conference with the President, Dulles said the triumph was 'far more than we dared to expect." Lillle Comment from Reds The .Russians, who had asserted lhat Adenauer's re-election would endanger peace, had little initial comment except to'claim via Mos- See GERMANY on Page 10 Mr. Hall named Max Logan, E. B. David, E. B. Thomas and B. Russell Hays. Probably first Item on the committee's agenda will be a meeting War n air base. The action was taken by a group of some 35 businessmen who met for two hours.. Comprised of three representatives of the city government and. 0 _ = a I11C01111B four appointed by Chamber of j with C. Hamilton Moses, president Commerce President C. Ray Hall, of Arkansas Power and Light Co the steering committee was voted Little Rock. wide discretionary powers by the Mr. Moses volunteered his serv- ~ rou P- j ices when the Joint Chiefs of Staff Mayor Dan Blodgett and Alder-! deferred action on the Blytheville men John Caudill and Rupert Craf- i base, pending a review which is tnr, win r=™..™, t ,K» „,,„ on the I scheduled for sometime after the • SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENT! | ton will represent the city committee. 1 first of the year. Realtors Hit 'Itinerant' Ordinance Board Colls It 'Unfair' and Urges Repeal The Blytheville Real Estate Board last night blasted the 'itinerant merchant" ordinance passed last month by the City Council and called for its repeal. At a meeting at the Rustic Inn last night, the Real Estate Board adopted a resolution branding the ordinance as "unfair, undemocratic and inimical to the interests of Blytheville as a whole." The resolution called lor the City Council to "rectify the mistake by repealing the law rather than forc- ng some citizen to be out the expense and trouble of court action." "Competition is an essential part >f the healthy growth of any city >r nation and history has repeatedly shown that competition can- lot be legislated out of existence," he resolution stated. "We feel that this action taken by the Council was ill-advised. We eel that the ordinance is complete- y un-enforceable, but that the 3ouncil should rectify the mistake >y repealing the law rather than by forcing some citizen to be out the expense and trouble of court action," it continued. In other business, a report on the present status of reactivation of the air base was presented and plans were discussed for the coming state convention of the Arkansas Real Estate Association. Chief Justice Vinson Dies of Heart Attack Career Marked With Numerous Legal Milestones New USD A Cotton Crop Estimate s [5 MiilLOtiBaie Mark '.r t ssf nmn =t 'i q~7*onnrTiTni' V "~A™ """ "<*"••""" c .-Department today forecast this year's cotton crop at 15,159,000 pales of 500 pounds gross weight. This figure is 554,000 bales more than last month's estimate of 14,605,000 bales officials have said that a crop of 12,000,000 bales or more would create a surplus sup Iw^^ffiu^S™^^^'* 0 * 2nd markeUng C ° ntr0lS ° n the The Indicated crop compares with 15,136,000 bales produced last year and 12,215,000 for the ten-year 1942-51 average. The average yield of cotton per harvested acre was forecast at 306.6 pounds compared with 232.7 pounds last year and 271.4 for the 10-year average. The department estimated that 3.6 per cent of the acreage in cultivation on July 1 has been or will be abandoned for harvest. The acreage left for harvest would be 23.737000 acres, the department said. The acreage in cultivation on July 1, less the 10-year abandonment, had been previously at 20,032,00 average reported acres. Condition 76 Per Cent The condition of the crop o Sept. 1 was reported at 76 per cen of normal compared with 69 pe cent on the same date last yea and 73 per cent for the ten-yea Sept. 1 average. The percentage abandonmen the acreage for harvest, the condi tion of the crop, the average yiel per acre, and the production, res ectlvely, by states included: Missouri 4 per cent abandoned 49-1,000 acres for harvest; conditio 69 per cent or normal; yield 32 pounds per acre and productior 330,000 bales; Arkansas 1.9; 1,849, 000; 73; 331, and 1,215,000. Forgery Charge Filed Against Missourian The prosecuting attorney's offlc filed in circuit court a direct in formation this morning on Eliga Burns, of Mathew, Mo., on a charge of forgery. Burns was arrested by county officers while trying to cash a forged check. Truman Urges Demo Solons To Stop Backing Ike Regime DETROIT Wl—Ex-President.Har- ry S. Truman was In a "go after and get ;em" mood last night, urg- ng Democratic members of Congress to stop supporting the Elsen- hower administration. Speaking off the cuff at an AFL- CIO dinner in his honor, he Bald: "I wanted this administration to ucceed. I advised our people In he Senate arid the House toi give hem a chance, "We. gave them the chance and hey threw It out the window. Now et's really go after that outfit down here In Washington and get 'em." Truman said he had been study- ng the recent history of the United tales and came up with this Innformation: 'Theodore Roosevelt had his Clay, Pulaskl, Lonoke, Prairie andistiuare Deal. Frnnklln Roosevelt Mlu MuntiM. _ UrougW-ia hk M«w DM!, t, im- plement the New Deal I had what I thought was-a Fair Deal. . . Now, the Eisenhower administration has given us the Stacked Deal." The former Chief Executive also took time out to blast Secretary of the Treasury George M. Humphrey for hiking the Interest rales. Truman said Humphrey "had no idea what he was doing" by rals- interest rates and increasing cost of the national debt "Humphrey has more than doubled the cost of servicing the national debt since Eisenhower took over," he declared. "That added cost is coming out of the hides of the working people and the farmers," he said. The former President made his fourth appearance In Detroit yesterday and his third Labor Day speech here. He was scheduled to rtturn to Uiuourl today. Farmers Urged to Use Cotton Loan Program Mississippi County farmers today were warned to acquaint themselves with the government loan program on cotton. The warning was mode by the county's Farm Bureau Chapter president Billy Joe Denton of Wilson. " ' * Mr. Denton stated that reports have reached farm bureau members of the sale of cotton by farmers i other states at prices considerabl below the government support lev WASHINGTON (AP)—Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson in almost seven years of Supreme Court leadership wrote ruling opinions that will go down in history as markers for a number of legal milestones. Probably his most noted majority opinion was the one which upheld contempt of court fines imposed on John L. Lewis and his United Mine Workers for refusal to can off a coal strike. The chief justice also wrote for the high tribunal's majority when it. upheld convictions of the top Communist leaders on charges of conspiring to overthrow the government by force and violence. It Is known that Vinson felt the most difficult case he ever encountered in his long career was the one involving President Truman's seizure of the steel Industry. Vinson voted among the diis- senters and wrote an opinion explaining why he felt the presidential seizure should be upheld. The majority of the court disagreed. Lost Opinion The chief justice In another ma- or majority opinion said that courts may not be used to enforce racial restrictive covenants. Shortly after going on the high bench he wrote a majority opinioi which upheld FBI agents Who ai rested a man and then ransacke his home without a search war rant. This decision brought sharp protest from civil liberties group and Was widely discussed among lawyers and bar associations. Vinson's last ma.'ir opinion wa made public last June 19. In it hi explained why,, he had called i_ special so* ' "• if the court to con sidertl-.. .„,-_> execution granted by Justice Douglas "to atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Vin son also explained in the same lengthy opinion why the court ma majority had ruled to override the stay. Chief Justice Fred Vinson Safe Robbed Of $150 at Italy Prepares To Toss Trieste Issue to Big 3 No Comment On Tito's Proposal By JAMES M. LONG ROME l/Pi—Angry and worried, Italy prepared today to throw the bitterly disputed Trieste question back into the laps of the Big Three Western Powers. Premier Giuseppe Pella's temporary government kept a tightlipped public silence over President Tito's speech Sunday in which he proposed that the strategic Adriatic port city be internationalized and Yugoslavia get the rest of the Trieste territory claimed by Italy. But informed sources close to Pella's Cabinet said Italy would ask—or already has aslced—the Jnlted States, Britain and France or concrete information on what they plan to do about Tito's newest tack. Pella was expected to answer Tito in a speech next Sunday. It appeared certain he would reject lally the Yugoslav proposals The Western Big Three In a declaration before the 1948 Italian ilections said all tf Trieste should >e returned eventually to Italy, iince then, however, Tito and the Kremlin have split, and Yugo- lavla and the West have grown teadily closer. Caught between their NATO al- ance with Italy and their desire o keep Tito on their side, the Western Powers now would like o see the disputants work out a rleste solution for themselves. The ispute, however, has n«ver cached the negotiation stage. Tito's speech capped a week of .eadlly growing Italian worry over ricste. Pclla charged on Aug. 29 h«t Tito planned to annex the •*• ITALY M raf* U el. He said the county chapter wi circulate a letter to its membershi pointing out government loan rate and loan facilities and will advis farmers .against selling their cot ton below loan figures. William Wyatt, Number Nine, ha been named chairman of the chap ter's of the group's 1953 resolution committee in recent action taken by the board of directors. Meeting last week, the board hear a report by Charley Coleman south Mississippi County agricul tural charman, outlining a county wide farming program. Three years of study went intc the report, Mr. Coleman informec the group. The board is to invest! gate printing costs with an eye to distributing the program. Vance Dlxon,. chapter treasurer said net worth of the chapter is now In excess of $28.000. this figure representing government bonds anc stock In the Farm Bureau Insurance Corporation. Courier Hews Sets Up Hew Deadlines to Speed Distribution of Papers In order to expedite distribution of papers, the Courier News today moved back week-day news deadlines 30 minutes. The deadline for general news will be 12:30 p.m. as of today. Society* news deadline will be 10:30 a.m. and for sports news the new deadline will be 9:30 a.m. No changes have been made in Saturday deadlines, which are 11.-30 a.m. for general news, 10:30 a.m. for society and 9:30 a.m. for sports. Display advertising copy deadlines will remain the same—noon of the day prior to publication arid 10, a.m. Saturday for Monday Insertion!. Clasilfled advertising deadline also will remain the same, » a.m. of the dny of publication, A burglar broke Into the Razor: back Drive-In and took about $150 j from the safe early this morning, Sheriff William Bcrryman said today. The burglary, which occurred after the 3 a.m. closing time, was discovered by the cook when he came to work this morning at 5:30 the sheriff said. Sam Johns, the owner, told officers that also missing from the safe were some valuable papers, but the cash drawer, which was open, was not disturbed. The front door to the restaurant was forced to gain entrance to the building, but the sheriff's office said the safe was undamaged The sheriff's office is still vestigating the robbery. In- Council Meets Tonight The City Council will hold its monthly meeting at 8 o'clock tonight in the Municipal Courtroom in City HalL Reber Balks In Security Investigation General Won't Name Names in Clearance Row WASHINGTON lib— Maj. Gen. M Reber refused today to name the men who gave security clearance to Army .employes Sen. McCarth (B-Wls) contends are Communists McCarthy tartly announced he wll appeal if necessary to Preslden Highest Judicial Official, 63, Struck Suddenly WASHINGTON (AP) — Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson, a Kentucky jailer's son who rose to the highest judicial office in the nation, died unex- ' pectedly of a heart attack early today. The 63-year-old judge and former holder of many top government posts was stricken while at his Washington apartment. His wife and his son Fred Jr. were at the apartment and summoned a physician at 2:30 a. m. But Vinson died 45'minutes later. Vinson took over leadership of the U. S. Supreme Court June 24, ,, 1946, an appointee of former President Truman to succeed the late Chief Justice Harlan P. Stone. The KentucMan's death paves the way for President Eisenhower to make his first appointment to the Supreme Court bench. Eisenhower may name his choice within the next few weeks, since the high court is scheduled to open its next session Oct. 5. H was believed most likely that he would designate the new appointee at chief justice. But he could also chose one of the present members of the nine-man court to be chief Justice and name the new appointee as an associate justice. Speculation on Warren There was some speculation that California's Oov. Earl Warren would- be Eisenhower's choice. Warren, a Republican, .announced last Thursday he would not seek Eisenhower. I can't see how a Preslden elected on a cleanup program could refuse such a plea" the sena tor said after a committee hear which Reber was ques ing at tioned. The general, chief of legislative llason for the army, based his re fusal to name the security officers on a directive issued in 1948 by former President Truman forbidding government officials to give sucl information to congressiona groups without White House permission. Eisenhower never has withdrawn the hotly controversia Truman order. McCarthy announced at the public hem -ing or nis Senate Investigations Subcommittee that he would :ave lunch today with Secretary of the Army Robert T. Stevens and ask him to override Reber's re- 'usal. He added he was prepared o appeal next to Secretary of De- ense Wilson and then to Elsen- lower if Stevens said "no." In four days of closed door hear- ngs in New York city last week HcCarthy reported his Investiga- ors turned up evidence that three persons working for the army are disloyal. He named none of them. >ut said one is a woman who had ccess to data about army troop novements. He termed her "a 100 or cent Communist." Subcommittee staff members aid the witness list, which was cpt secret, did not include the ame of Secretary of the Army lobort T. Stevens, whom McCar- Sce MCCARTHY on Page 10 More Than 500 Meet Violent Deaths on Labor Day Holiday By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS More than 500 persons lost their Ives In violent accidents during .he nation's Labor Day holiday bu: traffic fatalities were under pre-holiday estimate of 440. the A survey today showed that at east 541 persons were killed in violent accidents over the extended holiday period from 6 p. m. Friday until midnight Monday (local time). The dead Included 319 .killed in raffle mishaps. The National Safey Council had estimated 440 per- ons would be killed In motor acci- lents during the 78-hour period. Sixty-seven persons drowned and 5 others lost their lives in other accidents, including fires, rashes, falls, etc. plane The traffic toll this Labor Day ompared to 432 for the three-day Labor Day holiday last year and record 461 in 1951. "Of course we're gratified the oil Is running below the council's re-holiday estimate," said Ned H. Dearborn, safety council president. However, It's tragic that the estimate was as close us it was. It's crrlble that a holiday must be »c- ompnnled b y such wholesale nughtcr." The 1952 Labor Dny holiday vlo- •nt 4«tth toll wu Ut, including 432 in traffic and the record toll in 1951 was 658. The biggest single traffic toll this year was at Tampa, Pla., with seven women and girls killed ii a train-auto collision. In the mis cellaneous group, 18 persons losi their lives in a fire In Chicago. The deaths by states, traffic drowning and miscellaneous, ir that order: Alabama 501; Arizona 511; Arkansas 301; California 18 8 6; Colorado 662; Connecticut 1 0 0; Delaware 1 0 0; Florida 17 3 3; Georgia 721; Idaho 101; Illinois n 1 21; Indiana 15 0 2; Iowa 702; Kansas 222; Ken- lucky 9 1 0; Louisiana 620: Maine 311; Maryland 17 5 0; Massachusetts 311; Michigan 20 6 1; Minnesota 600; Mississippi 2 00; Missouri 211; Montana 202; Nebraska 502; New Hampshire 200; New Jersey 4 3 2; New Mexico 421; New York 20 2 6; North Carolina 15 5 0;-0tiio 22 6 2; Oklahoma 10 0 3; Oregon 13 2 1; Pennsylvania 13 2 9; Rhode Island 121; South Caro- Ina 15 0 0; south Dakota 500; Tennessee 903; Texas 15 0 4; Utah 20 1; Vermont 301; Virginia 15 1 0; Washington 911: West Virginia i i 3; Wisconsin 4 I; Wyomlot « t 11. re-election when, his present term expires at the jnd of next year. He gave no hint of his future plans. At Eisenhower's y V'lon headquarters In Denver, ,y» 4 Press Secretary Murray Snyder.:. said then he knew of no post for whitfa Warren was being considered. The presidential staff said this morning there would be no comment from Elsenhower o n Vinson'g death until later in the day. When Truman named the affable, middle-of-the-road Vinson as chief justice it was widely believed he was chosen as a peacemaker In (he wrangle then going on between Justices Robert H. Jackson and Hugo L. Black. Trurnan himself noted Vinson was to become the 13th chief jus- in U. S. history, and called t "lucky for the United States and ucky for Mr. Vinson — at least I hope it is." Vinson as chief Justice did not write a large number of the court's opinions, but a number of mportant cases came before the ribunal during his stewardship. One of the most famous involved condemned atom spies Julius and :thel Rosenberg last June. Vinson ummoned his associates back to he bench shortly after the court See VINSON on Page 10 Tickets for BHS, Dsceofo Game on Sale Tomorrow Tickets for the BlytheVllle-Osce- la Seminoles season opening foot- all game, to be held at Haley n leld Friday night, will go on sale t three downtown locations tomor- ow morning, W. B. Nicholson, su- erintendent of schools, announced esterday. A new policy concerning reserved eats will be instituted this year, vfr. Nicholson said. There will be o reserved seats In the grandstand. )nly box seats will remain on the "served list. At a sale price of $1 for adults nd 50 cents for students, tickets for Friday night's eame will be on sale tomorrow at Kelley's Shoe Store, Owens Drug Store and Kirby's Drug Store at Main and Fourth Streets. Weather ARKANSAS - Clear to partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday; scattered thundershowers north late Wednesday; little change In temperature. MISSOURI—Fair south; partly cloudy with few light showers north tonight, generally fair Wednesday, warmer; low tonight 55-60 east, 6065 west; high Wednesday In 90s. Maximum yesterday—as. Minimum yesterday—57. Sunrise tomorrow—5:38. Sunset today—6:17, Precipitation last 24 boun to «:30 >.m. yesterday—none. Mean temperature (midway MtwMa Ugh and low)—73. Precipitation Jan. 1 t« datt— 3l.1t. Thlj Date Ult Year Minimum ytsterrtny—83. Maximum yesterday—92. Precipitation Jijimj> 1 M *•*» •

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