The Alexandria Times-Tribune from Alexandria, Indiana on February 28, 1906 · Page 6
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The Alexandria Times-Tribune from Alexandria, Indiana · Page 6

Alexandria, Indiana
Issue Date:
Wednesday, February 28, 1906
Page 6
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TOPICS OF THE TIMES CHOICE SELECTION OF . TBREBTINO ITEMS. IN , , " itirj and Soft. : How hard we work for a soft snap! '' Seemingly Not ' "They have come china that has been In the family lor years. "Indeed! Haven't they any aery ants?" Judy. , , ' InTJtalu" - "I am happy; the December death rate In my family -wan tue.iowesi u Town Topics. r i , His Memory System. . Whipple How old is your boy? Well, he waa born the Bum ' ner after I got this whisky, and I have , iad that eight years. .l own j.opii-B. ,,, , The Truth. A usplog old boor at Dulnth . Ate fried eggs with a fork of one rath, But he called to his wife: "U'hny! path me that knife; 1 I don't like to lootlie all this juth.w Accommodating. A ' "Very sorry all my daughters are al- "Ah, well, never mind; 111 call again next time there's a vacancy, opuere. Usually Ahead. By the by, It is alleged that there Is an American millionaire behind the Tim. if this ha trne it is a position In which an American very seldom finds himself. i"uucu. , How It Happened? "I thought Stockson was to marry SHhl?" "He was; but the bottom fell out of : the stock market ana me marriage leu througn. xowu xupic-v. .. Generous. " , She But ' do you know I ' bare an tinplo who is a member of Parliament? r Ha Never mind, darling. ' I love you too much to let that stand in the way. New York Evening Mail. . Hererence for 'Age. "Yen," said the Brooklyn men, gently. "I always feel better after the old women itntw m huik- me uncomfortable 'to ait and see 'em hanging onto the straps." .. The Best Proof. - - "That Burgeon, they say, haa re markable touch."1 - "He has. -Vlf vou don't believe 1f I'll Show you his bill for my appendicitis operation. Baltimore American. Tommy's Idea of It , i- Grandpa And if-you work hard yon may be President of the United States someday." t '.--.'' w 1 " Tommy Gee! That'd be great. I'd Ctia In.. 4-a nn hunt!,,' TTarnn.'a Ttflvnt. "' Got What He Wanted. Auctioneer Going! - Going! Gone. Here, sir, if s yours. Great bargain, sir. The frame alone is worth the Driee." Connoisseur (ripping out the picture) line frame is wnat i wantea. ew xorg Weekly. ' . , Wasn't Irish Either. "Then, if you were, to receive an anonymous letter making accusations against your wife, you would pay no attention to it?" "Certainly not' I wouldn't even open It Le Hire. Wanted It at Once. - "I disown you," cried the angry parent; "I shall cut you- off with a shilling:!" "Yes, sir," replied the erring sop tneek-i. i t li... ' v, ., , ai.iii;n ow?"-Life. , .. Business Man: "What do you want?" : Applicant: "I came to inquire if you were in want of an assistant" Business Man: "Very sorry. I do all the work myself." . Applicant: ''Ah! That would just suit e.ft-Tlt-Bits. :,,,.. But She Did Ten. -Ella Bella told me that yon told her that secret I told you not to tc.l her. . Stella She's a mean thing 1 told her not to tell yon I told her. : Ella-Well, I told her I wouldn't tell you she told me so don't tell her I did. -Judge. ' was t neea la, "If s too bad," said the judge, caustically, "that the defendant should have chosen you for counsel. You know nothing sbout law." t "Well, your honor," replied the young lawyer, rl dpn'tineed to in this court" Philadelphia1 Press. , ;i Making It Convenient ' " The Creditor When are yon going to pay me? I can't get to your place every day, trying to make you settle up. I've got other things to. do." The Debtor Are you at liberty on Saturday afternoons? Come every Saturday. Answers. ;..'; i Modern Motherhood. ' Cynic savagely) They say the fnsh-lonable mother of today recognizes her bal.y only by looking at the nurse. - Fashionable Mother (unmoved) How extraordinarily clever when one changes nurses so often! I always tell ours by the mail car. Judy. .. An Eye for an Aye. . . , "Mr. Speaker," said the congressman, "I have Uied vainly to catch your eye and" "Bit down!" thundered the speaker. "I have tried vainly to catch your 'aye' neveral times, when it was needed."- Philadelphia Ledger. ,.- , AutomohOing for the Poor. . "Are you going to get the automobile which the doctor ordered for your wife?'' "Can't afford it, but we have almost the renl thins;. She puts on a pair of gasoline cleaned gloves, takes a long,' long ride on the front seat of a trolley car, and walks back.'' Life. Warning to ths Ice Cream Girt Evidently mistaking ' hnilstones for food, ducks belonging to Samuel Hodgson of Florence, CoL, ate heartily of them recently and died soon afterward. VV hen cut open the fowls were If Mud frozen inside. The life of one of -Minn's ducks was saved by pouring I t water on its craw. The Oukiuud Lutjiiirer. ' MY GEEAT-GREAT-GRANDSIEE. Hy great-great gntdsire tilled the soil And felled tall pines on slope and hill, Bis homespun garments but the foil That swathed a man of iron will. And yet when Winter's race was run And came- the Springtime's Brut caress Bis nature warmed before the sun . - . And melted Into tenderness. Re knew the fields, he knew the Woods, For nature was his guiding itart And sermons found In solitudes Where only nature's teachings are. He marked the gentlea of the brooks. 'And paused where honeysuckles hung, -And rested wherein wildest nooks ' Ths lone arbntus trailing clung. And towered np the bristling head - ! . ,-. Of some Colossus of the pines, Like a great stag with antlers spread . The monarch, of s thousand tines. ' And with his rod or flintlock gun He whipped the pools or led the chase, Tracked the black bear till set of sun,.. And slew him in his hiding place. . . And thus he lived sn outdoor life. With sight of flower, bird and bee, ; With yoke of oxen, and a wife - -,. 1 . With children playing at her knee. And who shall boast a bygone line ,: And who shall read bis pedigree? , . TIs soul thst makes the man divine, Else lower than a beast were he. , A murrain on your coats of arms I -1 He did bis best, as mortal can; ' Wrung a rough living from the farms :. And lived and died an honest man. -Ernest McOaffey In National Magailne. THE ONLY CROW INDIAN BATTLE. By Lieut-Col. J. A Watrous, V. B. Army, 'Onlv once to their history have the Crows waged war against , the unixpa States. With that single exception they have ever been the .most friendly of all of the Indian tribes with which the gov eminent has had to deal, and from their ranks have come large numbers of the army's bravest and most trusted scouts." I was talking with Lieut-CoL U w. Cooke of the regular army about some o4 the Indian campaigns .which that model soldier had participated in when he made the remark: quoted. Chi. Cooke's stonr of the Crows' one battle with Uncle team's soldiers snouia be told. "The young bucks at the Crow agency, in t.tiA i.irrip i;i7 liorn country, iu wku of the Custer monument, where thatfear- Iess cavalry leaner, witn auu m wb bci-nth rovulrv. fell at the hands of tb Sioux, under the leadership of Chief Bit-. ting Bull, in lbi U, began, to snow signs; of a determination to leave tne reservation the summer of 1887, to make the trouble.'' said the colonel. ,"An athletic, handsome and popular young Indian, not more than 23, known as 'Sword Bearer,' was the leading spirit : ' : "Sword Bearer had convinced many of the young men that ho was invisible, and that those who followed him would also become invisible that the soldiers could not see or harm them, no matter how many faced them in battle, or how. long they were.ffrad unon Haalso made them believe-that- H vbo 4vaged - war? pon them- would, at the proper time, be de stroyed, when that- vast, beautiful xoun.-. try would be theirs, to ao witn as mey "Strange as it way seem, the fellow not only secured a large following of young bucks, but the approval of most of the chiefs, They looked upon him as a leader sent from ah unknown world to give them new life with plenty for all. "Then the ghost dance was introduced and continued for weeks. That dance always used to set our authorities to thinking and planning. , ' . -- "In due. -tune-soldiers were ordered to the Crow agency, under the command of Gen. Thomas H. Euger, now a retired major general. The First cava&y, commanded by Col. N. A. M. Dudley, a battalion from the Third, Fifth and Seventh infantry, each, a-squadron of the Tenth cavalry and a troop of the Seventh cavalry, the latter commanded by Lieut Miles Moylan, were sent there from various forts and posts. "As .soon as Sword Bearer heard that the soldiers, were coming he called his braves together and informed them that he had planned to have the coming enemy crushed by a mighty storm accompanied by thunder, lightning and explosions.' "A ingnttui tnunaer storm aia come while one of our wagon trains was a few miles from the agency, and one; of the teams was struck by lightning. , When news of the loss reached the Indiana there was much rejoicing, ending with a ghost dance. When asked why the whole train and all of the soldiers were not struck down, Sword Bearer told his warriors that he had decided to destroy the army at a more opportune time;, that he had caused the killing of one team just to let them know that he could have things happen at his will. "My company of the Third infantry was first to arrive at the agency. Sword Bearer rode through our camp the next day, in full uniform, his head full of feathers and war paint on his- face. . I give directions to pay no attention to him. ; He mode good use of our lack of attention by telling his band: " 'You see I am invisible; the soldiers did not see me; if they had seen me they would have been quick to salute the commander 1 of your army of braves.' He was a cunning young rascal. His followers took new courage; they then believed more thoroughly in their chief's invisibility, and their own. - ' Each day the Indians drilled, in their way. and it became apparently to all of us that there would be a battle. ."Early in November, eleven years after the Custer massacre, the Indians began to dig deep holes,, sifftar to cyclone pits, near the agency.;; They dug great numbers of them, and placed near them brush and grass.-, Our scouts, faithful .-Crows, brought word that - Sword Bearer had given directions that when the battle opened he would give a signal by swinging a hag of t white duBt over his head, and that when the old men and squaws saw that dust 'they must hasten to the holes and pnll the brush and straw over thfem; as his flying dust -was the signal for'a mighty hail-storm .that would bent down and kill all of the soldiers,-and all Indians not in the holes, save the invisible chief and his invisible army. "The day of the battle was as perfect a November day as -i ever saw. ; The leaves of many colors on the trees and bushes, the silvery, streams, the plains, the dotted hills, the bright sunshine, pure air all combined to make a beautiful picture a war painting that did not depict war. : But the war was soon to come. "Sword -Bearer had Tiis braves assembled on a plain a few hundred yards from the agency btiildingsJ' Gen. Euger formed his line of battle, cavalry, infantry and a mountain battery. It was the most spectacular army scene I ever beheld. We could look to the rijtfit and left and see our entire line, and in front, in plain sight were the Crow warriors and their fule leader. "Pretty soon the Indiana began to move, first in a hesitating manner, then I more confidently, to get up courage, as is the Indian custom. Then they circled ; I or a ume ana a aeuenment started on a hot canter to the left flank of our line. At the same time one of Sword Bearer's lieutenants started for' the rear of. our right flank. . , - "Our orders-were to hold our fire unless the. Indians closed in upon us and it be. come absolutely necessary to, shoot to save ourselves '-.!-- . : "The body of braves that went to the left seemed in a way to make a part of our ioroe trouo.e, wnen a lew snots were fired; one Indian, was hit in the arm, and they scattered. . A little later we could see a company of squaws wrapping " red blankets about Indians and leading them to the holes referred to. We afterwards learned that they were the braves who had gone to our left The Whistling of bullets and wounding of ' their comrade had convinced thenr that they were-not invisible, to any marked extent, and -they were ready to go to the holes when the squaws gave them urgent Invitation. "The lieutenant Sword Bearer had sent around our right rode back and forth in rear of the line several times. Finally Col. Dudley ,,.saidj 'Adjt Wainwright (later a major who died in the l'hilip pines), ride out and see what that Indian1 means by riding along our line' Lieut Wainwright rode toward the Indian and when Within thirty yards . of him the brave dismounted and from behind his norse shot at the adjutant Quick as a flash Wainwright returned the Are- and another invisible warrior was winged and made a prisoner. , , ' "Soon after the ,Orow lieutenant was wounded Sword Bearer ordered his line to open fire. ' The bullets sang about us in a lively way, but our orders would not permit us to return the fire, much as we wanted to. Jitter a number of our men had been wounded Cot Dudley rode to Uen. Kuger and asked for permission to strike back, and a volley was fired. At that 'point we saw . Sword Bearer ride to the holes, where some of his warriors had been escorted by their wiveB. We saw him swinging his arms,; apparently in great :axne6tnees. : He was begging his warriors- to return to his battle line and belp 4n the flghtj' but they had lost 'all faith in their invisibility, and refused, to Jobehimr:I?ctirrniag toiiis army, firing wTeTOoiuj!.imi re lores, ana as a Wounded;.i ':-., -Ji"-, W'P A lVf,:''' "We then had orders to ake short work of the task. Just as we opened fire i saw. ewora tscarer swing the bag- of white dust over his head, the signal for the promised disastrous hail-storm, and the holes were filled with Indians, but the storm did not materialize. ' ' - Till a Short time after we-bemin work in earnest, the Crow army -was scattered, a number of its members dead, others wounded and tha invisible chief and Suer among ' the slnin."?rHe had 'suffered; r broken arm right after his" signal for the bigistorm, and while-getting a drink from a little stream was shot 'in the head. , ' So began, continued and 'ended the only trouble between the United States and-the Crows. Ghost dances have been unfashionable with them ever since, and they tolerate no more prophets in their ranns. evening Wisconsin. WISDOM OF AN EMPIRICIST. . When in doubt bit the peacemaker,' A man who oretara-sv dIds to mvwl A Bood wav to he hannv Is tn fnrm mm jruu are nou v: . The Important letters "Inst In fba mans are seiaom bins. . It is hard for even a nhvsielnn tn tell cynicism iroin ayBpepsiu. A good wsy to get sick is to feel your J1UUM9 uuu iuua at your tongue. -. An office- seeking a man doesn't HSU' ally have to get a search warrant.. ; , It is not hard to avoid the appearance oi evu. it is always wen aisguised. The man with an easy conscience sleeps no better than the one with none at all. , Maybe more people would board . if there were no Lima beans and apple sauce. There are two hinds of office holders; those who are upheld and those who are neld up. , About the best way yet discovered of getting an appetite is , not to eat until you are hungry. , , . Most men can think of a few things they would rather do than go shopping with their wives. If the colored suiu!ements don't Im prove soon, lots of folks will begin to go to cuurcn on ounaay. . . : , , The law of supply and demand aa modi fled by corporations: "Baise the prices until inq consumer can t raise tne price." " It seems impossible to commit all the folllJfl in one short lifetime, but men are conscientious and optimistic and' keep trying. . . . ( When an old smoker Quits smoking It's a sign that he is going to be so cross for two days that his family will persuade him to begin agaln-St- Louis Globe-Democrat. ?' ", r ' ' Xf, ;i'K: ' Not for Santa, Clans. ' '."City houses with steam-hcnting are all very ' well,'' said Charles Felton Fid-gin, the statistician of Boston, in tne Chicago Chronicle, "but when it comes to Christmas games they re a little lacking. '- - . -i 4 - "A friend of mine heard a loud; rasping noise in tha parlor last Christmas eve very late, t -V-,--.--. i "In great alarm he got op and hastened down to the delicate and pale parlor, with its-coloring of -white 0nd pink and gold, to find there,, all black -with soot smears, his little white-robed son, whom he had thought fast asleep iu bed. ' '" ."' ' r ' " 'Why, why, he Cried,what does this mean. Wllliel? 'The little fellow, lifting a cake of soot out of his f'lir hair, pointed ruefully to the ornamental fireplace, wherein there was room for about three logs the size of lend pencils. , . , '"I'm playing Santa Clans,' he snid, 'and I I enn't get up the culinnoy,' " , Deer Hanging from Telephone Wire. The body of a small deer hanging from a telephone wire twenty-five feet above the ground and midway between two poles was the strange sight viewed by Supervisor Khowles and William MeCln ren near North Fork on Monday. They offer the explanation that tile little deer bad been picked np by an eagle which, Hying away . with the carcass, struck the wire, in its flight aud lost its prize. ISucruuiento Bee. For the Farmer. EGGS IN WINTER. -John L. Herbst, Sparta, Wis. There is always a rise and fall in the markets of the various products which are consumed daily, and the egg quotations are watched with much interest by both city population, and country folks. - For the past few years the price of eggs has taken a Jump during the winter ? months from 15 cents a dozen up to 80, 85 and 40 cents, Sta- tistics show that the population of the cltles Is increasing more rapidly than the rural districts, and so long as this continues there always will be a good demand for fresh eggs. But there is a cause for this great difference of price throughout the year It Is a fact that during the winter months eggs are -at nigh price, while during the spring and summer months they are at a low ngure. Each year the cold storage con cerns throughout the country are sold out before the winter is over; There never is an over-supply and ao long as the population In our cities increases much more -rapidly than the rural districts the egg business will never be overdone. Breeding Stock. There are several reasons for a short age and the high price of fresh eggs during the winter months. .Improper breeding of the stock, improper feeding and care in bringing the stock to ma turity,; Improper bousing and improper feeding to produce the required results. iJy Improper stock. I mean hens that have no record of being an egg-producing strain. I venture to say that 90 per cent of the farmers who are raising poultry for eggs do not know, how many eggs his bens are laying in the year. lie does not know which hen is laying 60 eggs, or which one is producing ISO in a yean and yet he continues to breed from the whole flock, a mis take too. often made. '. If some atten tion was paid tovthe flock, h would soon: note the birds that are his best layers.,.; If he would then breed from these birds and continue breeding from his best layers, he would soon have .a laying strain. ; The egg-producing hen Is the active bird. She is the one that is inclined to be nervous and continual ly moving about Invariably when in laying condition can be noted by the brightness of tne face and red comb. These are the birds from which to breed. An experiment has been carried on in the state of Maine to show what can be done by careful selection and feed. mg-tr nroduce-eggsrrThr experiment was started some years ago, with, I believe, 1,000 hens. . A record was" kept of the amount of eggs layed ty each hen during the' year. The best hens were bred from tH5 following year and a record ; kept of the offspring. ; This was continued until at the present time one ben has a record of 281 eggs to her credit for a year : another 260, sev eral 240, and a goodly number have a record of 200 and over.: The experi ment is to be continued with the hope or securing, a BOO-egg hen. '.'V vwf it has been estimated that the cost of feed per hen for a year is from 75 cents to S1.00. : Now then, if you kept a record of how many eggs each ben laid during the year, you could soon deter mine which were the money makers and which ones the spongers, Witb eggs at an average of 15, cents per dozen throughout - the year, the hen would have to lay from five to six dozen to pay for the feed consumed. Now, If your bens are not yielding more than this amount you are losing money in keeping them, and the sooner you get rid of them the better, -t - - Hatching and Bearing the Chickens. : Another point of importance is the batching and rearing of the chicks to maturity. ' In these times of progres sion I believe the farmer who intends to make anything out of. his poultry must use the incubator. It s has too many advantages over the old way of setting, bens to be ignored, c The on who is in the business for eggs or market poultry cannot afford to be with out one. One reason for the scarcity of eggs during the winter months comes from the fact that the young pullets were batched too late in the season and not being properly fed did not mature before cold weather set in and conse quently were not in a condition to go to laying. Here .is where the incubator has the advantage over the old way. The larger and heavier breeds take a much longer time to mature than the small breeds, and in this climate must be batched earlier - and kept growing before the .cold weather sets in. Always keep in mind that the pullet will not lay until matured. - The methods of running incubators vary witb different machines, but most of them are so simple that most any one. can run them. The chick to become a layer ana a money-maker must be kept growing from the time it Is hatched to the time of maturity.' No food should be given it from 24 to 88 hours after It has been batched. Its first feed snouia ho a frnndlv nmnnrtlrm ; of Band.:- to which can be added a hard boiled egg or sif tings of dry bread , crumbs. It should be fed sparingly at first, but often, never giving more than it will eat up clean at one' time. Gradually It can be fed dry cornmeai, ronea obis and millet As the chicks grow older, com and wheat cracked and steel-cut oats make a very good food. No soft or sloppy food should be given. 1 I find I eet better results from, ory reeaing than from soft food during the chicks' growth to maturity. - "W-r v . ... . i . ,i tjt i'lenry or rrcsn water aim bi ilbuouiu be before them continually. Skim mllli nd green cut bone", should he given them occasionally. Give them a variety of feed, plenty of range and shade, keep the brooders clean ana aisiniectea, ana your chicks will grow to maturity be fore cold weatner sets in. - Winter Quarters. ' The winter quarters for your layers should be looked to early. These should be warm and dry, well lighted and ventilated, without drafts. - A ground floor is preferable to board. Get the young stock accustomed to their new quarters early. Get them into. the new quarters before the cold rains of the fall and early winter weauier. jnow, when we" do this what hnppcns? The frosts and freezing weather have oc troyed the green feeds. Dugs, grass- honors aud worms nave aisuppearea ; I the weed seeds have been covered tip. The weather will not permit them to be out aud they have been deprived of their variety of feed, which brings them to a standstill unless supplied by other means. Bight here I believe is the whole thing in a nut shell and the real cause for no eggs. v: Make their winter life as near like the life they lead in the spring and summer months as possible, and if your pullets are from a laying strain you will hare no trouble in getting eggs. Bear in mind that you must have ' the qualities in the pullets to produce eggs before you can get . the required results. ; I believe those prln- dpte which go to make up. . the dairy ;: and beef breeds of cattle ap- P'y " 0lne respects to the hen. You vunuui gei eggs out or uio uva wat Will put all her feed onto her back, breast and legs, neither con yon get quantity and high test from the cow that puts all ber feed into beef, v Discard till lazy, Inactive birds and those mat Keep tne roost warm.' ' Winter food, ' Make your hens work for all they get to eat Keep them moving about during the day as much as possible by torowing their reed In chanVcait straw, shredded corn stalks, or other material. Give them as much of a variety of gram as yon possibly can. Wheat oats. cracked corn, barley and buckwheat are all good, but should be mixed together when f ed. Never feed all one kind of grain at one timet i They like a variety. or green rooa, second cutting clover, is one of the best ; Cabbage, carrots and mangel wurtzelg' can also be fed to advantage. ."They should be fed meat of some kind at least three times a week. Beef scraps soaked and mixed - with bran enough to take up the moisture answers this purpose. Skim milk added to the mash will give good resnlfe. Plenty of fresh water and grit should be where they can have access to it at all times. ' ' Care of the Quarters. Bear In mind that while we are tak ing great care in the feeding. We must not neglect the. quarters in. which, our birds are housed. -r Clean and disinfect oftentjiever allow the droppings to accumulate; change the bedding on the floor and' material in- the nests frequently. Go among the birds carefully, never scaring them by any quick moves. Take an Interest, in their welfare and you will be well repaid for your labor. DISCUSSION. , - . A Member Do you allow the hens to get out doors in winter? ; Mr, Herbst Not when the weather Is too severe, no, sir; I do not believe my bens have been out of the building taereJtban lsJHme thls-wiater. - MRi,MattesonThat ' 4s , froin the standpoint of - egg production ;.. but It you, desire to. use a portion of those fowls ' for . spring breeders, you would try to get them out of doors the whole winter, wouldn't you? ' . Mr. Herbst Tes, I like to give them all the fresh air possible, bnt I do not like to have them out in very cold winds, or rain or sleety snow. - v A Member Wbat do you have for a scratching shed? , , Mr. Herbst I use the floor of my coop for a scratching shed. The ground floor is changed two or three times a week. Mr. Meyer How much room do you allow per hen? Mr. Herbst From 6 to 10 feet is about What they should have, each. ' Mrs. Howie Would you let them out. at any. time during the winter when you wish to get the highest amount of egg production? Mr. Herbst No. - I believe the cold ground has anj effect on the laying qualities, t nave known it to ne so, at least where they stopped laying and there was no other way to account for It ' i The Chairman Sparta has the reputation of being the coldest spot on earth. . - " Capt ,' ArnoldWhat objection have you to a cement floor for your chick, ens? Mr. Herbst It would be all right if you had a foot of sand on It . I do not like the bare cement floor. I would rather bave the sand, and you can feed your buckwheat or corn or anything else on tne sand. Mr. Keitbrock-Do you use artificial beat in your chicken bouse? Mr. Herbst Yes. If I could keen the building warm enough without, I would like it better, but I can't It freezes in my coop sometimes, but not bard enough to affect the birds. Mrs. Howie In what we call the dairy breeds, I think it would affect the egg production if it got down to freezing. Mr. Herbst But the heavier birds will stand much more cold. The Asiatics can keep much' warmer,, they are a nutry nreea. Mrs. . Howie -What season or the year would you hatch for very early Legborn87 Mr. Herbst The Leghorn class of breeds, and in fact the smallr breeds which have, I believe, the best record ns egg-producers, must not be hatched too early, because they mature very quickly and begin laying very early. and about seven months of age they win begin to molt and they tvlll not 'be well throughout the: entire; winter.; The best time for batching these breeds is along In May. The heavier birds should be batched earlier, because it takes them longer to mature. Plymouth Bocks 'should be "hatched early, I should want to fitart my eggs now so as to hatch in this month or the first part of April. Mr, Matteson Doesn t the isnrred Plymouth itock- mature a little slower than the White? . Mr. Herbst With me they seem to mature about the same. The Wynn- dottes about the same time as the Plymouth Rocks. j - Mr. Matteson Don't you think it would be better to defer feeding your chicks even longer than the 24 to 30 hours you mention? . . Mr. Herbst I begin feeding when I see them begin to got restless and moving about considerable. Mr. Matteson I never feed n chick sooner than 48 hours, and I have waited 72 hours for a great many of them. ' ' , .,- A Member If your hen house gets below the freezing point are the walls covered with moisture? Mr.. ' Herbst No. , The ifrost will gather on the walls of the coop if it is not well venniutea.- A Member How do you ventilate your chicken coop? , . - , Mr. Herbst I use a system about on the same principle as that used In ventilating barns, with an inlet nt the bottom outside and inside at the top, au air chamber leading out to the roof of the building. One building I ventilate by opening tha doors and windows during certain times of the J day, and I am not bothered with mols- tnre in either building. , You . must have fresh air In there. - 5; -, , ; Mr.. Matteson Fowls do not need i the same amount of air as other anl mats that are larger, and think there is more danger of over-yentllating than of under-venHlnUng. ; V j; - , , ; Mr. Herbst There may be If you have a small flock, but you take a large flock and I think they will take as much ventilation, comparatively, as a cow. t Mr.. Matteson 1. think this pver-ventllation causes more roup than anything else. Mr. Herbst It might If It was arranged so that the air; formed a draft on them. ,i i , ' - . Mrs. Howie I think, too, that if the quarters are kept perfectly clean they : will, require less . ventilation. Mr. Herbst That Is true. 1 One mistake a good many of us make is that we do not clean out often enough and that undoubtedly - Is . the cause of a great deal of disease In our poultry. -st Mrs. Howie Is not . a damp hen bouse a very bad thing? -; Mr. Herbst I should prefer a cold, dry building in preference to a warm, damp one. , - - -,A Member How i do you arrange' this artificial heating? ' v - ; Mr. Herbst This winter I bave put In a very small stove and'run my pipe the whole, length of the building, 54 feet simply to take off. the chili. I bad some-birds that I .did not want their combs frosted. . I believe there is dan-.,: ger in, using artificial ' heat because sometimes you cannot 'control that heat and it is liable to get too warm, then you go to change It and it gets too cold, and those rapid changes are ' bad tilings. .. ' Mrs. Howie We have pipes tunning ' uirougu uie umerenc pens uuu a hluvo at each end, because we have found it : quite necessary In. order to keep up a proper temperature. Mr. Matteson To what age would you recommend keeping fowls, from the farmer's standpoint? Mr. Herbst A good many farmers probably have now birds six or seven., years old. I do not believe you can keep them to advantage after they are two years old, and you should use some method bfmarkihg those birds, and dls--pose of them. The easiest method is : xrif-H a amall Mntnh ttv mmnh a hrtla In . the web of the feet the first yenr. a Aiemoer nut suppose you want x, to keep over a few of those yearlings? Bupt. riucKeTTOw"-i nenMTv tier use would put the second hole in. Mrs. Howie In selecting your breed ing stock, - would you breed from pullets if you Expected to improve the ' quality of your stock? - . - ' Mr.- Herbst No, I prefer to breed from hens. ' Mrs. Howie We have found blood meal a most excellent food to mix with, the corn mush. i fit is easily handled and we like it .very much, It takes ; the, place of cut bong Of course, we ' nave oyster snens. . . -t . . ... .A Member Are oyster shells better tban small gravel? Mr. Herbst They are used for two., different purposes. The shell does not answer the purpose of a grit we need . both. Mr. Meyer Do chickens rnlsed by incubator grow less robust as you keep , on with that system? Mr. Herbst No. ' Mr. Meyer How many birds do yon t. keep in one pen or one separate eom- f partment? , Mr. Herbst That depends on the size of your pen. 1 Bald six to eight square feet floor surface to the ben, 15 or 20 in a house. . ; A Member In our' hen : house this winter, - when tho temperature got down to four above zero, it decreased ' the egg production, while it apparently , . , i i , It It ilMnt OA U 111 uui uovt) oujr - below 10 above. Ours are Barred Ply-mouht Rocks. From. Wisconsin Farmes, Institute, Bulletin-Nos 10, 1905. . ' , " . Ha Got the Monty. t During the college days of ex-Mayer Bessom of Lynn he had two of the professors, of the college as guests at a hunting camp in the Maine woods.. When they entered the camp their attention was attracted to the unusual posl" tlon of the stove, which was set on posts : about four feet high. , , - One of the professors began to comment upon the knowledge woodsmen gain by observation, - "Now," said he. "this man has discovered that the heat radiating from the stove strikes the root, and the circulation is so quickened that the camp is warmed in much less time than would be required If the stove was in Its regular place on the floor." The other professor was of the opinion that the stove was elevated to be above , the window, in order that cool and pure air could fee had at night . Mr. Bessom, being more practical, eon- t tended that the stove was elevated in order that a good supply of green wood could be placed beneath to dry. : After considerable argument each man placed a dollar bill upon the table, and it : was utreeu tbat tne one. wnose opinion r wait fienreat tlifi' ffulde's .reason for ele- . vating the .stove should take: "the pool. The guide was called and asled why the , stove was placed in such an unusual, position. , "Well," said he, "when I brought the ' stove up -the river I lost most of the -stovepipe overboard, and had to set the stove up there so as to have the. pipe ; rcncll, through the rnof." " - ; lie got tne money. Boston ucraia. ',' ; "Forgot Something. , A Canadian farmer, noted for his nb- sent-mindedness, went tof town pne day i and transacted his business with the ut. most precision. - He started back on his ' way home, however, with the firm con-riction that he had forgotten something what it was he could not recall, try how he would. As he neared home the conviction increased, and three times he , 4topped bis uorse and went carefully .,: thronirll his nocketbook in , a . vnin en- deavov to discover what" he had forgotten ' t, t,i, mkuma ha aanl,.J l.n.n and was met by his daughter, who looked" at him in surprise and exclniined, "Why, miner, wnere nave you lert mother? Pall Mall Gazette. ' A bnshel of bituminous coal is differ. ent In different states. In Illinois, Iowa, Missouri and Kentucky its weight la eighty pounds; in Pennsylvania, seventy-six pounds, and in . Indiana, seventy ' sounds. ' ,

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