Dixon Evening Telegraph from ,  on August 23, 1971 · Page 1
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Dixon Evening Telegraph from , · Page 1

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More economic decisions made by Nixon SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. (AP) — Aides say President Nixon made important economic decisions during the weekend at the Western White House. But they aren’t saying what the President decided. Associates reported Sunday that Nixon relayed a number of decisions by telephone Saturday to Secretary of the Treasury John B. Connally in Washington. The Treasury chief heads the new Cost of Living Council that is supervising the current 90-day wage-price-rent freeze. There was no immediate word as to whether Nixon had been most involved in current controversies—such as antifreeze opposition by AFL-CIO President George Meany and Democratic Gov. Preston Smith of Texas—or with the council’s initial efforts to plan restraints extending beyond the scheduled Nov. 12 expiration of the freeze. Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler said only that Nixon is taking advantage of a two-week stay at his oceanside home here to “think alone” and do “massive reading” on economic matters, the federal budget and his journey to Peking sometime before next May. He also faced the necessity of doing homework for his announced Sept. 26 meeting at Anchorage, Alaska, with Japan’s Emperor Hirohito—the first meeting of a U.S. presi­ dent and Japanese emperor and the monarch’s first trip outside his homeland since becoming emperor. Nixon took a leisurely two- hour drive Sunday to see his daughter Julie Eisenhower off at the El Toro Marine Corps Air Station 25 miles northeast. Mrs. Eisenhower begins a teachers workshop today at Atlantic Beach, Fla., where she will teach fourth grade. With the President were his wife Pat and his Florida friend C. G. “Bebe” Rebozo. Ziegler said Nixon is not expected to have an extensive public schedule for the two weeks. Mainly, he said, the President wants time to “do a lot of reading and a lot of contemplating.” There will be staff meetings and conferences with Dr. Henry A. Kissinger, his chief foreign policy aide, who is expected to remain throughout the stay. MONDA Y’S D ixon E vening T elegraph iiiiiiiiiiiinlltiiiiiiilH Dial 284-2222 121st YearNumber 96 NEWSROOM NOTES— The desire for a college education, for rich and poor alike, has been part of the American dream for more than a century. A much larger proportion of the adult population has attended college in the United States than in other nations. Until the mid-19th century, almost all of the colleges were private institutions, often affiliated with organized religion. (Some of the famous eastern schools predate the Revolutionary War.) They were mainly small schools, usually devoted to providing a liberal arts background for young men headed for the ministry, teaching, and the law. Midwestern states took the lead in establishing public institutions of higher learning. Growth of such schools was encouraged by the Morrill Act (1862), which provided land grants to state colleges offering courses in the agricultural and mechanical arts. As late as 1871, however, college enrollment was only about 20 thousand, almost all men. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, many public and private colleges expanded their programs to provide professional and post-graduate training in a variety of fields of study and thus became “universities.” Growth in college enrollment has been almost continuous throughout the nation’s history, interrupted only briefly by wars or severe depressions. As late as 1926, however, less than one million degree-credit students were enrolled. Education in the larger universities typically was restricted to the sons and daughters of well-to- do families; to holders of a relatively small number of scholarships; and to dedicated individuals who “worked their way through” under conditions of relative hardship. College enrollment increased by 37 per cent in the Depression decade of the 1930s. This development was the result in part of special federal programs aiding both schools and students, but it also probably reflected the scarcity of jobs for young people. Owing to widespread unemployment and lower income at the time, those going on to college were often motivated to attend tax- supported institutions, where costs were lower than at private schools. Thus, during the 1930s enrollment at publicly-financed institutions rose 50 per cent, while private college enrollment rose only 23 per cent. After World War II, college attendance was swollen by hundreds of thousands of veterans benefited by the GI Bill of Rights. Since the late 1940s, other factors have encouraged the growth of college enrollment. First, the relatively steady advance in the genera! economy since World War 11 has increased the ability of families to finance, or help finance, the college educations of one or more offspring. Second, parents with college degrees—a rising proportion of the total— typically expect their example to be followed. Third, it is widely accepted that those who possess college degrees almost automatically are assured of substantially higher incomes than those without such attainment. Fourth, the young men enrolled in universities—both in graduate and undergraduate programs— were, until recently, exempt from the military draft. Fifth, the rapid growth of two-year community colleges has reduced the cost of college attendance for many young people. Sixth, scholarships and government financial aids (including insurr 1 loans and deferred tuition) for college students are much more common now than a decade or two ago. Another factor has been the cultural change that emphasized the value of college education for women as well as men. From the late-1940s to the mid-1960s, total college enrollment was boosted by the larger proportion of women students. Since 1964, however, the ratio of male to female students has been about 60-40. Interestingly, a* similar ratio prevailed in the 1930s, prior to U.S. involvement in World War II. During the war, women on campus outnumbered men. In the late-1940s, the proportion of men students rose briefly to about 75 per cent. In the past several years, a number of colleges, long-established as all male or all female institutions, have begun to admit students of both sexes. RFK Jr. fined BARNSTABLE, Mass. (AP) — Robert F. Kennedy Jr., 17, second oldest son of the late New York senator, pleaded no contest today in Barnstable District Court to a charge of “sauntering and loitering.” He was assessed $50 in court costs. Police Chief Albert Hinckley said the charge amounted to “blocking the path of others.” He refused to give additional Kennedy said he did not have the money with him and Judge Henry L. Murphy gave him one week to pay the assessment. Dressed in patched jeans and a blue denim workshirt, wearing his hair at shoulder length and shod in sandals, Kennedy appeared alone in the courthouse in this quiet Cape Cod town and left alone on foot. Kennedy was arrested Sunday on West Main Street in Hyannis near the family compound of summer homes in Hyannis Port. On fhe inside of today's paper Something new in wedding vehicles appeared on the scene in Dixon this weekend. See page 8. Today, a six-part series entitled “The Doctors’ Save-Your-Heart Diet,” starts in the Telegraph. See page 7. Other features Serving fhe Heart of the Rock River Valley for More Than a Century DIXON, ILLINOIS, August 23, 1971 16 PAGES 'etuniii City PRICE TEN CENTS Dollar shows surprising strength in Europe LONDON (AP) - The U.S. dollar showed unexpected strength today as Europe’s foreign exchanges opened after a week-long shutdown brought on by President Nixon’s new monetary policies. While the dollar eased in such European markets as London, Zurich and Brussels, the declines were relatively minor. Dealers were cautious and turnover was relatively light, as some of the experts had predicted. Uncertainty was the reason. In midafternoon, rates in the leading markets were: LONDON — $2.4375 for a pound. That amounted to a devaluation of the dollar of about 2.75 per cent. FRANKFURT - 3.425 deutschemarks a dollar. The rate showed unexpected strength for the dollar, comparing to 3.4225 deutschemarks on the last day of trading before Nixon’s announcement. PARIS — 5.5275 francs for a dollar in the official market for commercial transactions and 5.47 francs in the floating market for capital movement and tourists. The free market thus resulted in a devaluation of roughly .75 of one per cent. BRUSSELS — 48.875 Belgian francs, a devaluation of about iv2 per cent for the dollar. ZURICH - The official Swiss exchange remained closed. But banks handled normal operations at 3.995 Swiss francs to the dollar, a devaluation of about 1.75 per cent. For the first time in 27 years, the exchanges were operating without an internationally agreed set of rules. This was because the dollar had been cut loose from gold, and the American currency had been the basis of the international agreement. It was still too early to say what might lie ahead. Heavy selling of dollars could bring the value of the currency down. This would achieve the U.S. administration’s objective of making American exports cheaper abroad. If the volume of dollar sales remains low, then the U.S. campaign to restore a favorable balance of trade would face the threat of failure. Many American exports would remain noncompetitive in world markets. Dealers said trading was quiet and hesitant. “No one is at all certain just where things will go,” one dealer said. Uncertainty about the European markets inhibited trading on the Tokyo exchange, where the market closed before the European markets opened because of the time difference. Trading was calm, and the Bank of Japan bought only about $10 million, compared to hundreds of millions absorbed on most days after President Nixon’s bombshell announcement. The dollar sold at 357.50 yen, down only slightly from the official rate of 360. Japanese government spokesmen continued to maintain that the yen would not be revalued, but uncertainty pushed prices on the Tokyo stock exchange down again. 9 nuns hurt in fiery crash A fireman tries to put out flames rising from burning road oil in an overturned tanker which was involved in a collision near Fresno, Calif., with a station wagon carrying nine nuns. Five of the nuns were hospitalized in fair condition while the remaining four suffered minor injuries. The accident occurred when a tire on the station wagon blew out, causing the vehicle to collide with another car. Both then hit the tanker. (AP Wire- photo) Berlin agreement completed BERLIN (AP) - The Big Four ambassadors have completed a draft agreement on the future of Berlin and will submit it to their governments for approval, U.S. Ambassador Kenneth Rush announced today. “We have a draft agreement for submission to our governments,” Rush told reporters. “I feel it will improve the situation in Berlin.” Pyotr Abrasimov, Soviet ambassador to East Germany, stood at Rush’s side and de­ clared: “Everything is perfect.” The agreement was finished at six sessions in the past two weeks, and while its details were not announced it presumably included the vital question of Western access to West Berlin. Abrasimov, Jean Sauvag- nargues of France and Sir Roger Jackling of Great Britain stood on the steps of Rush’s West Berlin residence to pose for photographers. It was the 33rd session of the Big Four ambassadors to divided Germany in a 17-month series that began on March 26, 1970. The agreement is understood to involve a wide spectrum that includes: —Access to and from isolated West Berlin. —Passage through the Wall into East Berlin for West Berliners. —Conditional West German political presence in West Ber­ lin, —West German representation of West Berlin abroad. —Soviet diplomatic representation on the consulate-general level in West Berlin. Rush’s reference to submitting the draft agreement to Washington, London, Paris and Moscow for review emphasized that whatever the language agreed on by the four ambassadors it would be carefully scrutunized before formal approval is given. | Amboy murder | ( probe reaches | ’standstill' The investigation into the murder of Deborah Danhaus, whose body was found Aug. 7 at the edge of rural Morgan Road near Amboy, is “at a standstill,” Lee County Sheriff John Quest said today. Sheriff Quest said, “So far, no two pieces fit togeth- | er.” He added he has never been involved in a murder §f case so devoid of clues. He confirmed the final autopsy report received last week did not determine exact time of death. Sheriff Quest said no further information concerning time of death is I expected. A puzzling aspect of the case is the whereabouts of |; Miss Danhaus from Aug. 2, when her parents, Mr. and Mrs. George Danhaus of 218 S. Mason Ave., Amboy, reported her missing, to when her body was found. Sheriff Quest said he has not yet been able to come up with any clues that would place her anywhere during i these five days. So far, sexual assault has been virtually discounted, but the sheriff’s office has not established an alternative | I motive. If Sheriff Quest said there are no suspects in the case. Informed sources say, however, a polygraph (lie detector) test will be given soon to an unidentified man questioned in the case. The test is being done to eliminate any suspicion that might be connected with the man, the sources said. The last person to see Miss Danhaus before her body was discovered was reportedly Stan Allen, a salesman who works for Woodhaven Lakes, a land development cor- | poration near Amboy. Miss Danhaus and Allen had a date j| the night of Aug. 2. She worked for Woodhaven Lakes in a secretarial-public relations capacity before her death. The final autopsy report said die attractive 18-year§ old girl died as a result of “asphyxia due to strangula- ;j! tion.” W Crime Laboratory test results of Miss Danhaus’ car, which was found abandoned in the Amboy Central Elementary School parking lot, are not complete, Sheriff Quest said. ;$ He added results of these tests may be delayed due to a back-up at the Crime Lab caused by recent murders in Rockford. The Crime Lab is located in Rockford. Attorney sought in prison break try page 2 page 6 Local news Sports page 8 page 10 SAN QUENTIN, Calif. (AP) — The San Francisco Chronicle reported today that an Oakland attorney is being sought for questioning in the investigation into Saturday’s bloody breakout try at San Quentin Prison in which Soledad Brother George Jackson and five others died. The paper said prison authorities identified him as Stephen Mitchell Bingham, 29, and said he was the lawyer who visited Jackson Saturday afternoon. The Chronicle said prison authorities reported that Jackson, minutes after leaving Bingham in the visiting room, produced a 9mm pistol and launched his abortive escape attempt. Bruce Bales, Marin County district attorney, confirmed that Bingham was being sought, the Chronicle said. Bales would not say precisely why. The Chronicle said Bingham is a grandson of the late Hiram Bingham who served as Connecticut governor and U.S. senator before his death in 1956. The paper quoted prison sources as saying: “We know he (Jackson) was clean when he entered the visiting room—he underwent a skin search—and that on leaving he was not out of the sight of his guards. “And he was hot—he had a gun—when the guards were about to search him again.” Prison officials say they now believe a San Quentin sergeant’s concerned curiosity may have triggered Jackson into starting the escape try earlier than he and fellow convicts had planned. The sergeant and Jackson were among six men killed Saturday in what prison officers call San Quentin’s “blackest, bloodiest day.” Sgt. Jere Graham was shot in the forehead when he went inside the maximum security adjustment center apparently to check on why other guards had failed to emerge, Associate Warden James Park said Sunday. Jackson, 29, brandishing a foreign-made pistol, was cut down by rifle fire from a guard tower as he and another black convict dashed into a sunlit courtyard toward a 20-foot wall, prison authorities said. Four other victims—two guards and two convicts—were found covered with blood in Jackson’s cell, some with their throats cut. All but Jackson were white. End of the line This is how Connie Mack Stadium looked after fire gutted the 63-year-old stadium where once the Philadelphia Athletics, the Phillies and NFL Eagles played. The fire, of unknown origin, took five alarms to bring under control. (AP Wirephoto)

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