The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 7, 1953 · Page 1
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September 7, 1953

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, September 7, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 142 Blythevilie Courier Blythevllle Dally New* Mtaslulppl Vafkj leadar MyUwvllle Herald DOMMAMT KEW8PAP1R OF NOBTHBA1T ARKANSAS AND SOBTHHA«T MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY. SEPTEMBER 1, 1953 Dulles Talks To I ke Today Secretary Denies Knowing Of Rift With President By MARVIN L. ABROWSM1TH DENVER (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles, declaring he knows of no rift between himself and President Eisen ,hower, confers with the chief executive today regarding a variety of foreign policy problems. Dulles arrived at the President' vacation headquarters from Wash ington last night for the Labor Daj conference and was asked by news, men who met him at the airport: "Mr. Secretary, is there any fric Hurricane Skirts Coast In Northeast Freighter Run * Aground on Tip Of Cape Cod , BOSTON (AP) — Hurricane Carol slammed the freighter S. S. Eugenia hard aground on the tip of Cape Cod today as it skirted the coast of New England and headed out to sea toward the Bay of Fundy. Coast Guardsman prepared to rescue the freighter's crew by breeches buoy as boiling surf made rescue by boat impossible. The season's third big blow swirled 30 miles east of the report island of Nantucket where there were no reports of damage. The hurricane that churned the coasts of New Jersey and Long Island with heavy seas is expected to bring little more than fresh gusty winds today to most , of New England. m. Dense fog and heavy seas at™ tributed to the season's third hurricane approach caused numerous boating accidents in New England waters. Tour persons drowned and 40 or mt.re were rescued by Coast Guard as small craft swamped or capsized. A 78-foot fishing -vessel •was wrecked when it ran aground In fog off Gloucester harbor. Island Battened Down Fringe winds of 50 miles an hour swirled over Nantucket. Police anticipated no trouble as the island was Well battened down after advance warnings of the storm. The storm passed New Jersey and Long Island at distances ranging from about 100 to 200 miles out at sea. Two cabin cruisers in New England waters with a total of at least 23 persons aboard were sought tion between you and the Presj. dent?" "Not that I know of," the cabine officer replied. The question was prompted by published report that Eisenhower summoned Dulles to Denver because he was "gravely concerned" and "displeased" by certain Dulles statements last week on foreign issues. On Saturday, the summer White House called the report "completely untrue." Assistant Presidenlia Press Secretary Murray Snyder added, however, that he personally did not know what Eisenhower's reactions were to remarks that Dulles had made on the issues. They dealt with West Germany, India, Trieste and Japan—and touched off angry criticism abroad. In West Germany, for example, the Socialist party denounced Dulles' endorsement of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer's bid for re-election. By the time Dulles stepped from bis plane here last night, Adenaue: had syept to a landslide victory n yesterday's voting. "I'm not surprised," Dulles commented wtih a smile. To Meet Today Dulles did not see Eisenhower ast night, but the two men were scheduled to get together today at he President's Lowry Air Force 3ase office. Asked what foreign policy prbb- ems had brought him to Denver, Dulles replied: docket of about 10 she . -. -_ his handshaking with his left hand to — , ^ «um, IU ,Tctt ouu£i" favor a bruised right elbow He through the night by radar-equip- I bumped it in the White House ped Coast Guard vessels. The j shorlly before leaving Washington Guard said it was possible Ihe ' and has been gelling medical treat- "I have mailers." The secrelalry declined to speci- y them, but Washington has said he main emphasis would be on developments in Indo-China and oth- -r Far East areas. The President and his secretary if stale have not had a face-to-face :onference since Aug. 10, when Dulles stopped here en route to Washington from Korea and Japan. The President and Mrs. Eisen- iower attenued 10 a.m. services at he Lowry base chapel yesterday, 'hen were guests at a reception iven there by officers and their nves. It was Mrs. Eisenhower's first ublic appearance since she went o church with the President Aug. the day afler Ihey arrived here or a vacalion. The First Lady has been bothered by Denver's mile-high alli- lude. Friends have said she was completely exhausted the first two or three weeks of her stay. Yesterday, however, she looked well and spent nearly an hour shaking hands at the reception. "I thoroughly enjoyed that," " remarked as she left. The President did part of TEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS NCPC'S FIRST ENTRY — Ed Miles, of the Coleman Stevens farm near Dell, is the first entry in the 1953 National Cotton Picki*g Contest which will be run off here on Oct. 2. Known as One-Arm Ed, he lost his arm in 1931 when he was accidentally shot In a rabbit hunt. Ed will enter the over-65 class of pickers and says he can pick 300 pounds per day. The National Cotton Picking Contest will be featured on a radio broadcast over WMC, Memphis at 12:15 p.m. tomorrow. (Courier News. Photo) New Disarmament Bid by Soviet Seen By MAX HARRELSON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — Many U. N. diplomats believe Russia will make a dramatic attempt at the forthcoming General Assembly to seiez the initiative on the stalemated problem of disarmament and atomic control. vessels anchored Sunday night to ' "lent, await the lifting of the fog. i " Th e ° n e thing I can't do is „ - ______ „. One of the two cruisers was the (6 ri P. ' he explained in apologizing 36-foot Mary Louise, owned by j for extending his left hand. Jack O'Donnel, 52, wealthy Rock-) port, Mass., fish processor. The ' craft left Rockport Sunday with 15 aboard. A 78-foot fishing vessel out 01 Gloucester went aground at Dolliver's Neck and was reported a total loss. The six crewmen were reported rescued by a party frons Gloucester lifeboat station. Earlier storms this year hii farther south. Hurricane "Barbara" last month spent most ol its force along the Carolina anc Mid - Atlantic Coast. Hurricane "Alice" brought heavy wind and rains to Cuba this spring but weakened after, crossing the Gulf of Mexico. Etowah Man Is Freed by Communists Sgt. 1/c Clifford Lee Neal of Etowah, a' prisoner of war in Korea for the past 34 months, was among the last Mississippi County soldiers to be freed by the Communists before the prisoner exchange ended yesterday. j> Mrs. Neel was notified Friday night that her husband had been freed by the Beds. Sgt. Neel was listed as missing in action Nov. 27, 1950, and it was learned in December of that year he was a prisoner of war. A veteran of World War II, Sgt. Neel enlisted in the Army in 1943 and served with the infantry in Germany and France. Released In 1945 as a Reservist, he was recalled to active duty July 20, 1948 and sent overseas July 26, 1950. When captured, he was attached to the 65th Combat Engineers, a 25th Division unit. Mrs. Neel said she received a total of 2* letters from her hus- b«nd while he was a prisoner. The Neels have six children ranging In »ge Irom four to 13. They nre Marpret Ann, Shlrlsy. Negro Held In Post Office Break-In Mose Johnson, Negro, of Clarte- dale, Miss., after questioning Saturday, signed a statement that he broke into the postoffice at Frenchman's Bayou Sept. 29 and took $8 from the safe. He denied that he entered the store, alter having gained entrance to the building through a window in the postoffice. Mose stated that he had been picking cotton on the farm of Forest Jenkins near Frenchman's Bayou for about two weeks before the robbery. Sheriff Berryman said that since it was a federal offense that he was turning the case over to the federal authorities for action. Johnson said that he had served eight months of a two-year sentence for a charge of forgery In Forrest City. Ike Man Said To Have Sought '4 Per Cent' Job W. L. Stephenson Reportedly Used Secret Information WASHINGTON Wl — A man wh served as executive secretary o President Eisenhower's inaugura committee was said yesterday t have sought a "4 per center" jo 1 by quoting secret informatio: about a navy contracl. The story was unfolded, reliabli sources disclosed, during testimony laken behind closed doors in Jun and July by a House armed serv ices subcommittee. These sources said Warren L Stephenson, the inaugural commit tee official, had quoted bid figure- and other classified information 01 navy contracl for 120,000 aeri rocket launchers while trying un successfully to get a contracl to represent a California firm in con tract negotialions. Stephenson could not be reaches for comment. His office here saic he was out of the city. Investigation Underway A separate investigation was ported to be under way in Ihe Navy Department to learn whethei there is a "leak" of secret information. Rep. Hess (R-Ohio), chairman of the subcommiltee. declined to comment on the investigation, but it was learned that a report probably will be made public shortly. Stephenson was described as having sought a contract to rep- regent Century Industries, Inc., of Burbank, Calif., for $2,000 a month or 4 per cent of any extra rocket launcher business he obtained for See IKE on Page 5 Accidental Death Toll Reaches 396 Persons in Past 78 Hours By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS At least 396 persons have died n accidents In the 78-hour Labor Day weekend as the holiday period moved Into its final 12 hours. Traffic mishaps claimed 287 lives. Forty-one persons , drowned and 68 died of miscellaneous ac- ddenlal causes- The National Safety Council had estimated before the holiday began that 440 persons 'would die n traffic mishaps during the 18 hours between 6 p.m. Friday (local ime) and midnight tonight. The ouncll forecast was slightly more nan five deaths an hour. The average was maintained the Charles Elmer, Clifford, Jr., David! first dny of Ihe period, then It I dropped att a little. Sunday, wilt rain In the Midwest and in some other sections of the country, the pace quickened. Then later it fell behind the council estimate acnm. Ned H. Dearborn, council president, said he expected the pre-holiday estimate would be reached then probably exceeded after travelers start home. Inclement weather will play an Important part, as always, Dearborn said. Last year's Labor Day holiday period claimed 558 lives, including 432 In traffic mishaps. The record for this holiday was set In 1951 when 658 persons died '.n accidents of all kinds. In that year 461 persons were victims of Irnfflc accidents, also day. These diplomats expect the Soviets to come ur^*#lm nfi^.* pi a posals dealing with both Conventional arms and with atomic weip ons, including the hydrogen bomb. There has been some, speculation that Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov himself might come here to present the proposals, but this has not been confirmed. The disarmament and atomic control question already is on the Assembly's agenda, -'it is generally agreed it will become a major issue of the three-month session opening Sept. 15. Red Torture, Threats Forced Germ Warfare 'Confessions' Adenauer's Victory GreatGainforWest By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON (AP) — American officials joyfully hailed Chancellor Kpnrad Adenauer's German election victory as a massive diplomatic defeat for Russia and a powerful gain for Western unity. President Eisenhower, vacation-.), ng in Denver, was expected to send a message of congratulations o the West Oerman leader, reflec- ,ing the keen satisfaction felt by his entire administration. Secretary of State Dulles, who warned Thursday an Adenauer de- eat would be a disaster, said 'I'm not surprised" when informed Adenauer's pro-Western forces had von a sweeping victory. Dulles made this comment at the airport in Denver after arriving iy plane for a round of secret foreign policy talks with the President. If Dulles was not surprised, mos if his aides were. Adenauer's smashing triumpr ar exceeded the most optimistic irediction of key officials wh lervously awaited returns las light, wondering whether Dulle: ast-minute endorsement of Aden uer might boomerang. AdenauerV pponents had denounced Dulles ction as meddling in West Oer lany's internal affairs. As the vote for Adenauer's coali on swelled to landslide proper ons, however, officials here grew rogressively more certain Dulles nscheduled support did not cosl denauer votes and, if anything, elped. Diplomatic Experts Pleased Thy c-.-itaJyj usi;at ceaK the ommunists and the right-wing erman political parties especial- pleased diplomatic experts on ermany. "That's wonderful!" said one of- cial when he learned the chief of le German Communists, Max Bel an?., hfd beefi tofpled. {..:&* Du.le's' chief aides saw the Aden- uer election victory as cubing far ore than averting the disaster ulles cautioned against. Even ore important, they said, the rerwhelming scope of the victory ill serve as a powerful, almost lexpected stimulant to pep up e faltering drive toward Western uropean unity. The most far-reaching repercus- ons should be in France, they id. The re-election of Adenauer's Chinese Gave Officers Life or Death Choice By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN INCHON, Korea (AP) — A greying Marine colonel and a young Air Force lieutenant said today there was only one way out of "confessing" germ warfare charges — death. "I could either die from their mental * treatment * serve * Last PWs Head Home; Some Still 'Missing' By SAM SUMMEBLIN SEOUL (AP) — Americans freed on the final day of Operation Big Switch boarded a troopship for home today while fears mounted that the Communists had not sent back | all Americans who wanted to return. Two developements since the lasl i moderate government, plus the re- regular assembly will have an im- portant.bearing on the discussions: the Korean armistice and the Soviet announcement that Russia has produced an H-bomb. Russia's last major proposals on disarmament and atomic control came in 1949—just after the first announcement thai the Soviet Union had exploded an A-bomb. The Western Powers took the lead at the 1951 Assembly session in Paris and came up with new plans. These led to some slight "loviel concessions, bul Ihe discussions soon bogged down again. Deliberate Timing? Some delegates now feel that the recent announcemenl of the H- bomb may have been limed to af- 'ord a dramatic opportunily for lew proposals. Whether or not. it was deliberately timed, it does provide a plausible reason for reopening atomic control discussions. The Korean armistice has a bear- ng on the disarmament issue because virtually all delegates, par- icularly those from Western coun-- ries, have insisted thai there could be no reduction of arms sounding defeat suffered by the neo-Nazi parties, should ease the French fear of a revival of Hiller- lype mililarlsm, they reasoned. This should reawaken the inler- esl of Prance and other countries in approving the proposed European army, which would link France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Holland and Luxembourg into a single uniform force. Adenauer's big margin, they said, was in effect a vote of confidence in the European army too, since West Germany under Adenauer's leadership was the only nation to complege ratification of membership. The u. N. Command prepared to hand the Communists a list of "missing" persons—men like Capt. Harold Fischer of Swea Cily, Iowa. Fischer, a Sabre jel pilol, shol down 10 MIGs before failing to return from a mission over North Korea April 7, 1953. Two days later Peiping radio said Fischer had been captured. Yet the big Korean War prisoner exchange ended Sunday and Fischer was not among the last 111 Americans freed. For three years. Allied intelligence officers have compiled a list of men believed to have been captured. Operation Big Switch returned 3.597 Americans. Operation Little Switch in April returned 149. Some Americans died in camp. The list, minus the names of all those men, will be handed the Communists shortly with the demand Lhat.they prodi:".e or account for the missing men. i last group of returned Amer- ihcsns added a bitter finale to a month of stories of brulality in Red stockades. These were fliers who, under relentless physical and mental tor- .ures, signed false "confessions" -hat they waged germ warfare. They said Ihey did so under a strain thai buckled human endtir- •mce. Some held oul for months. )ut the Reds continued their tor- .lires even after Ihe armistice. A Kansas pilot captured 13 nonths ago said the Reds were still after confessions as late as ?arly Sunday—just a few hours be- ore they handed bnck the last of he prisoners they said wanted to •eturn. The pilol, LI. Richard G. Voss Jf Osborne, Knn., said he finally 'confessed" when Ihe Reds lei naggots crawl over ' his open vounds and into his ear. Another airman. Marine Col. !ol. Frank Schwable, put It sim- >ly—you either "confessed" or led. Schwable and other American 'OWs boarded the transport Gen. '. L. Howze at Inchon on Korea's rest coasl for the two-week trip cross the Pacific. About 300 freed when they turned back Chinese Maj. Gen. Wu Che-teh. The capture of Wu, highest ranking Hed held by the U. N. Command, had never been announced. What Moscow's reaction will be ' Ame '' ic a n s will be aboard the ship when it leaves early Tuesday for of the returning route home, the vhile led. the Korean conflict contin- Both these developments are re- lected in the brief annual report if the U. N. Disarmament Conr nission adopted Aug. 20, eight days fter the Soviet Union exploded its irst H-bomb. "It is hoped," the commission aid, "that recent international vents will create a propitious at- nosphere for the reconsideration f the disarmement question, whose apital importance in conjunction other questions affecting the laintenance of peace is recognized y all." This report was drafted by Greek elegate Alexis Kyrou. but perhaps gnificantly its adoption was loved by Russia's Andrei Y. Vish- isky. The cornmission declared It ex- ccted to continue Its work—al- lough it met only once in 1953— nd .promised to present a report the 1954 Assembly. Bogged Down Since 1MB The U. N. has been considering snrmament and atomic control nee It began operating .In 1946. hose two questions are now con- dered as a single problem by the Isarmnment Commission. The Russians, In their latest plan, ill for an immefllate one-third re- uctlon of all -'armements and t mod forces and for prohibition record lor the holl- of all niomlc weapons. They have j _ 8«« V, N. « P»»» » I to the humiliating defeat suffered by the Communists in West Germany is impossible to say. The Russians probably were banking more on a victory by the Socialists, who were opposed to German rearmament, rather than on gains by the dwindling Communist party i the Western zone. Now that both the Socialists and Communists have lost substantially along with the Red-tinged All- German Peoples party, at the very least Moscow will review its Germany policy to devise new tactics to block Germany's return as a military power. Gafhings Opens New Offices Congressman E. C. (Took) Gain- ings will throw his new offices open to the public in West Memphis tomorrow. Congressman Gainings has recently moved Into offices located in the Bank of West Memphis building. Furnishings were provided by eastern, Arkansas constituents. The offices will be open Irom 2 to 5 p.m. San Francisco. With the last Allied POWs en , U. N. Command said Monday that it will begin moving Communist prisoners who refused rnpatriallon into the demilitarized zone. Aboul 2,000 Chinese will be shipped from Cheju Island to In- chon for delivery to the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission. Sen. Byrd Says Government Payroll Costs Up Increases Reported Despite Reduced Number of Workers WASHINGTON Iff) — Sen. Byrd (D-Va) reported today that 'the government's civilian payroll cost Increased some 322 million dollars during the last fiscal year although the number of workers declined 127,124. In a report he made public as chairman of the Joint Committee on Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures, Byrd said higher costs for fewer workers resulted from these causes: "1. Lump sum payments for accumulated annual leave to em- ployes separated, and "2. Pay raises to federal em- ployes (largely blue collar) whose compensation Is determined by local wage boards." The report covered the fiscal year that ended June 30. Except for June, Byrd said there had been n gradual decline in the number of persons on federal payrolls. 36,000 Dropped He said total civilian employment on June 30 was 2,469,640 as compared with 2,596,764 a year earlier. He said 36,285 workers were dropped during the first half of the fiscal year, which was roughly the last six months of the Truman administration. This compared with a decline of 90,839 in the last half of .the fiscal year, under the Eisenhower administration. Byrd said the 1953 fiscal payroll ' ' was $9,863,000,000 compared country better by giving the Commy munists the fantastic information they wanted," said Col. Frank H. Schwable, who was freed only yesterday from a Red war prisoner camp in North Korea. "The Chinese gave me a choice of life or death . . . They put words In my mouth and I said them," said Lt. Floyd B. O'Neal of Fairfax, S. C. Both had declined to talk with newsmen yesterday when they were freed in the last hours o£ the Korean War prisoner exchange. Other fliers returned on the final day of exchange said the Beds got the "confessions" they wanted with torture ranging from mental cruelty to letting maggots crawl inside a wounded man's ear. Schwable and O'Neal met newsmen after a day's rest—and described how the Reds relentlessly ground away at their resistance with threats, physical torture and unceasing questioning. Asked if the charges'were true, the 45-year-old Schwable answered: "It is fantastic that anybody could believe that sort of thing could be used. It is utterly fantastic. "Confession Broadcast" "They have enough fleas, flies and mosquitoes in North Korea without our adding to it." Schwable was captured in July 1952 when he and his co-pilot, Maj. Roy H. Bley of Cabool, Mo., were shot down over North Korea. On Feb. 22, 1953, the Red Peiping idio broadcast a long "confession" saying Schwable took part in germ warfare ,under -direction of Ihe U. S. Joint Chiefs of Staff* The. broadcast said he was aiding in plans.,to establish a "contamination belt" across Red Korea. Schwable said today: "A man can only take so much. "I told them I would stand before God and swear that germ warfare had never been used. Yet they never asked me to swear that my confession was true. "All they wanted was words with signature. Truth meant nothing to them, just the big lie." How did the Reds do it? "Simply slow mental torture over a long time." They put him in solitary in a tiny lean-to. "They made me sit there and sleep there on a small table without moving, without exercise. "After a while it gets a man clown. Every day an interpreter came in and asked me to confess. When I refused ... he would just turn around and leave me. "They hammered away this way through September in October, when it got a bit cooler . . and then in November when it got cold. "They gave me padded clothing —it's good—but sitting in one position slowly freezes a man. I suffered frostbite on my fingers and then I started thinking about the cold and how they would leave me with $9,541,000,000 for 1952 fiscal, j nei 'e to die from exposure. The Allies say they hold 7,800 : ye; North Korean and 14,500 Chinese POWs who do not wan! to return to their Communist homelands. The Communists say they hold about 300 Koreans and 20-non-Korean captives who re/used repatriation. They have not announced when they would begin moving them to the buffer zone. The U. N. Command disclosed closely guarded secret Sunday He said the civilian payroll for the Defense Department and militar.' agencies alone accounted for more than half of this. For July, first month of the current fiscal year, Byrd listed a decrease of 17,875 below June, to bring the total to 2,451.765. He said this was 150,038 below July of last Violent Quake Recorded TRIESTE, Free Territory UP) — Trieste's Geophysics Observatory today recorded n "very violent" earthquake presumably in Northern Iran. The observatory's Instruments indicated that the quake's center was about Trieste. 1,700 miles southeast of Traffic Fines Total $367.75 Municipal Court collected $367.75 in fines and bond forfeitures this morning on three charges of driving while intoxicated anrt one charge of leaving the scene of an accident. R. C. Scroggins and William Robertson, charged with driving while Intoxicated, forfeited bonds of $111.25 each, and Glen Hale forfeited bond of $125.25 on a similar charge. Irvln Black pleaded guilty to the charge of leaving the scene of an accident and was fined $25 and costs. Schwable said a Chinese colonel commanding a special camp for "bacteriological bastards" told him: Told He'd Never Leave "You will clear this problem or you will never leave this valley ... not even after the peace is signed." "I believed him," said Schwable. Weeks wenl by, the Red pressure never ceasing. He said he knew the Reds would not kill him because they figured the weather would do it and they could say he died from the cold. Schwable said it was then he made up his mind to sign a confession, "a damn good plan, so downright ridiculous thai I don't know how they ever swallowed it. "I made It sound realistic by naming dates and places, the plan would have to have some realism, but sense would tell whoever heard it that it was all so ridiculous 'I hope to God I did make it See REDS on Page 5 Osceola Superintendent Resigns OSCEOLA — School Board President Ben Butler announced today that "the board has accepted with regret th e resignation of Superintendent C. Frir.k- lln Banders," who has served as euperffitendent since 1946. "Mr. Sanders has accepted a position with th« F. E. compton Co., Chicago, and we arc to relieve him of his duties by Oct. 1, " at all possible," Mr, Butler itaM. "It Is Ihe feeling ol Ihe board that Mr. Sanders has done an outstanding Job for the school system. He has been most cooperative and the board extends best wishes to him In his new undertaking and feels the Compton Company has made a wise selection," Mr. Butler said. Mr. Sanders first served Oscc- oln schools ns conch nnd sclenca teacher In 1935 when he was con- nected with the school for three years. A graduate of Memphis State, he received a master's degree from George Peabody College, Nashville. Mr. Sanders stated he plans to continue to mako his home tn Osceola for the balance of the year. He Is to bo ivorklnc In pnrts "t Arkansas ana Missouri in his new position. Weather A R K A N S A S — Generally fair Ihis afternoon, tonight and Tuesday. No important temperaluro changes. Maximum Saturday—85 Minimum Saturday—55. Maximum yesterday—94. Minimum yesterday—55. Sunrise tomorrow—5:38. Sunset today—6:1?) Precipitation last 24 hours to 6:30 p.m. yesterday—none. Mean temperature (midway between high »nd low)—74.5. Precipitation Jan. 1 to dote—32.70. Thlji n.lte Last Year Minimum yMterdHy—.lft. Maximum yesterday—90. Precipitation January 1 to date -• 37.M ,

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