The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on November 1, 1938 · Page 8
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Tuesday, November 1, 1938
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The Algofta Upg6f fies Aif&tta, loi»», ITdv, 1, 1938 Wpper Be0 Jttoines 6 North bodge Street 3. W. HAGGARD & R. B. WALLER, Publishers Altered as Second Class Matter at the Postofflce at Algona, Iowa, under act of Congress of March S, 1879 Issued Weekly HIM BE* First Place Award Winner, 1938, Iowa's Most Outstanding Weekly, Judged by State University of lows SUBSCRIPTION RATES IN KOSSUTH CO.: One Tear, in advance _ $1.60 Upper Des Moines and Kossuth County Advance IB combination, per year $160 SUBSCRIPTION RATES OUTSIDE KOSSUTH One Year in advance ..._ _ '. $2.50 Upper Des Moines and Kossuth County Advance in combination, per year ...„ $t.OO ADVERTISING RATES Display Advertising, per inch _...35c Want Ads, payable in advance, word 2c "Let Hie people know the troth and the country Is safe."—Abraham Lincoln. THE REAL RECORD OF THE STATE SINCE THE DEMOCRATIC ADMINISTRATION BEGAN From the Davenport, Iowa. Democrat & Leader, comes about as concise and impartial an observation regarding the democratic state administration as one could ask for. And, incidentally, the editorial pays a high tribute to Algona's C. B. Murtagh, and his administration of the office of state comptroller, saying of him, in part: "One of the most exacting departments of Iowa state government is to be found in the office of Charles B. Murtagh, state comptroller. It would not be.otherwise under his watchful eye. This office makes every effort to conduct the state's business as it should be. All claims, if just and proper, are paid promptly. If the claim is not a proper one, or does not comply with the rules adopted by the state comptroller,they are turned down. In other words, business of the office is conducted on a right and prrong basis, regardless of'politics, creed or color. The office is checked not only by the auditor of state but by federal authorities as well." The Davenport paper then goes on to say— "When the Democrats took over the state administration from the Republicans in 1933, the state's financial affairs were in an extremely bad condition. With nothing to start on, the Democratic administration has paid the necessary operation of state government without default or delay and at the same time have a proper working balance in the various state funds as of June 30, 1938. In other words, the budget is balanced, a showing made by but few states. "During this same time Old Age Assistance has been paid monthly and at the present time there are approximately 60,000 on the roll drawing between $10,000,000 and $11,000,000 annually. The Homestead Credit Act makes possible a credit of nearly $12,000,000 on the tax of home owners. Relief has been administered through the I. E. R. A. so that actual suffering has been eliminated. "The state baa reduced the levy from 3.10 mills for general «fau» op*r»tloa to.two mills, resultlag In a tax reduction of more thatt* $9,900,000 Annuallr. Also the SO cent head tax for each male citizen and the $3 poll tax on male citizens that are able bodied and between the ages of 21 and 45 living outside of cities and towjis, the Old Age Assistance tax of $2 on all citizens over 21 years of age, have all been repealed. This has resulted in a saving to the tax payers of another $3,000,000 or more annually. "Each year the debt of the state has been reduced $1,100,000. This is on Soldiers' Bonus bonds. Then, too, the County Primary Road bonds have been reduced each year by payments from th« primary road fund and during the year 1938 has been more than $5,000,000. "While it is true the receipts of the state have increased, the extra revenue has been returned to the various counties and the political subdivisions thereof in the form of state aid. * * • Only ultra-partisanship would cause one to say that the republicans might not have good men up for state offices in some instances, at lease. They undoubtedly have. Nor can one say that every democratic officeholder is above reproach and absolutely the last word in a public official. But looking at the matter from a fairly clear viewpoint, and without too much prejudice, there seems to be little reason to call for, or seek, a complete change In state administration of Iowa from democrat to republican i n the forthcoming election. TRYING TO FIT SQUARE PEGS INTO ROUND HOLES More than 85 per cent of the students attending U. S. high schools today must find jobs soon after graduation. Yet a large share of the schools are stubbornly maintaining a curriculum designed chiefly for college preparatory work. Next month there will be a National Education Week, we understand, hence this brief discussion. Going through the procedure of studying from books is of course a necessary part of education. It offers the cultural and intellectual development that good education should provide. It offers the student a chance to take his place as an intelligent member of society. But textbooks, alone, are not enough. What does the student know about the business world in which he hopes to find employment. Is there anything in his high school curriculum that builds within him the pioneer desire to make his mark in the world, or dot's it turn out an individual devoid of personality, and weak in the aggressive characteristics which he must have to find a place in business or a vocation? If National Education Week were to accomplish only one thing, and that was to drive home the necessity foi- something more than cut and dried book-learning, then it will have been a great week in American educational history. A Good Idea Webster City Journal: Some days ago, the Freeman-Journal suggested lhat farmers eligible for corn loans would benefit by sealing their c-oru and buying on the market for feeding purposes, and that if the market price remains considerably less than the loan value that the policy should be followed in regard to the 193S crop, upon which loans will probably not be available until early next year. In a. speech at Mason City the other day, Governor Kras- cbel advocated that policy and declared "that by increasing' the volume (f corn under seal and by creating a demand for corn in the country for feeding. 1 believe the market price of corn would be appreciably strengthened." He said he was urging governors Of other corn belt states to take similar steps. Horace CtapMddle and his wife recently returned from a trip Into Canada, crossing the boundary at Detroit Horace says that for some time he had been Wondering where all the sparrows that formerly occupied these parts had gone to, and now he knows. He says the minute they crossed the U. S. boundary into Canada, the sparrows were thicker than mosquitoes at the ninth tee at the Country Club during the summer. ' ' * * * Charlie Clement has be«n having a tough siege of Illness, but scouts tell us one of Charlie's chief worries is that he might not get to the polls to vote. Now, if some kind-hearted democrat will agree to stay home election day, maybe Charlie's recovery will be speedy. « * • The Klwanls Bulletin says a mouthful: from a recent issue — "I have always felt that the man who didn't like Algona well enough to buy his merchandise here ought to get the - — out of here. The man or woman who ALWAYS buys out of town ought to have his or her head examined. We should be so proud of our town, so vain of our county, so sold on our state that we expand with pride in every breath. And everyone, citizens, public officials and school teachers, too— especially the latter who get their salary from the taxpayers, should buy in their own home county," • • • Down In Tennessee a publicity handout of the W. C. T. U. had the following interesting paragraph which appeared in several papers: "Mrs. Stanley Armstrong of Memphis will speak Thursday night of the convention on Tenth Faces the Liquor Problem,' and will be followed by an address by Thomas Armstrong of Nashville, whose subject will be Touth Can Take It.' " • » * Mr. and Mrs. Lee O. Wolfe of Titonka were In the county auditor's office, last week, getting their absent voters' ballots in, and expected to leave for Texas within a few days — they may even be on their way now. Well, Lee, after many years newspaper- Ing, Texas in the winter Is deserved. How about a bushel of oranges, or something, along about Christmas? • • • One of the "unsolved" mysteries of the dock hunting season seems to be id connection with the Des Moines man, accidentally shot several weeks ago . . . according to all Information, quite accurate, the man's name was Cook . . . but we've heard rumors that it was "Ding" Darling, and then again that It was H. R. Gross . . . hospital attendants and doctors were sworn to secrecy about the whole matter, and of course did not violate their pledge . . . and because the case was not one of a criminal nature, there was no reason for county officials to investigate. . . we still believe the Injured man's name was "Cook", but the reason for efforts to cover up the matter must be because the fellow who unintentionally shot "Cook" was someone with a fairly well known name around the state . . . that's our supposition, and so far as we are concerned, the matter shall rest there. • * • The HIggtns family at Whittemore must have some interesting discussions over the family meals . . . Billy Higgins is the republican chairman for Whittemore, and his mother is the democratic chairwoman for that section. yon going to vote for, Mr. Freeh f Opinions of Other Editors Dan Turner Tells Our Needs Dan Turner in a ncent speech: Within the past few weeks, Secrteary Wallace, seeing his whole farm program come tumbling down upon him, has stated we must devise some means of getting rid of surplus. It is for that very principle that Senator Dickinson has been fighting since the battle for farm relief started way back in 1921. What we need—and the only thing that can save the farmers of Iowa—is an administration that has gumption enough to revive confidence in the government, eliminate fear, persuade Investment of private capital, stop wasting the people's money, restore general employment of labor and provide a farm plan of surplus control on normal production. In that way, and that way only, can good times be restored and farm prices be advanced. Give us a decent price for our products, and farm purchasing power will start factories going again, and the depression, needlessly prolonged by dangerous new deal experiments, will be at an end. • • • Crooked Politicians Humboldt Independent: The republicans have had a few scandals. Remember Teapot Dome? The democrats had their share. Remember the disclosures made after the war administration? It seems that every party in power, aft^r a fairly lengthy period, just naturally develops scandals. With so much public and easy money passing through the hands of novices, how could it ba otherwise? This paper predicts that when the present administration has been investigated and its acts disclosed, it will uncover one of the greatest scandals in the history of the world. Even now the rumblings can be plainly heard. In Schuylkill, Penn., a federal grand jury indicted a democratic state senator, two democratic bosses, a score of firemen and timekeepers on WPA jobs. Accusations have been that WPA workers on state-paid time built a private saw mill for one senator, and a democratic club house. One foreman was paid for fourteen months work that he did not do. Up in South Dakota certain public records that would expose rotten work have disappeared and can not be found. It is rumored that they were transported to another state. This is only a begnining. When it all comes to the light it will be the greatest scandal in history. * * * The Lesson for America Mason City Globe-Gazette: Horrified America, watching the unfolding of a drama of cynicism, bluff and betrayal in Europe these past two weeks may read a lesson that should be the foundation of all its foreign policy in the future—the lesson that benevolent-sounding promises are worthless between nations, that there is no safety in international "friendships." that honesty of purpose and reasonableness of conduct are useless against big guns. We may bu thankful that this generation's lesson can be read at a distance, and not learned on bloody European battlefields. With this to reenforce the disillusionment^ of 1WG-8 our state department and public opinion should be proof against high-sounding propaganda hereafter. And the irrepressible desire of this administration, so often displayed, to take a hand in international affairs, to use its weight on the side of "our British cousins," should be permanently abandoned. The British desertion shows how nearly we come to being fooled again to our own hurt. The complete wisdom of a foreign policy of thorough detachment from Europe's troubles is more apparent and compelling than it has ever been. •HUH THIS 14 Joe BULLHEAD, A DfeWCR. WHCX COULDN'T BE s? STOOD UP ?OR. «IS PRINCIPLES ...WC tMIS BIR.D WHO HAD POOR DIED MAINTAIN/NO HIS RIGHT-OF-WAY. BOT- 30E*S VitOOW WISHES JOE HAD \£T THE OTHER FEUOW HAVfi ~"l RWHTOF-WAf ,6V6N IV 3O£ WAS ON ATHROU6H ~~ ~ —National Safely Council The MARCH OF TIME «SP.P.«.rAt.OT>. Prepared by the Editor* of TIME Th» Weekly Newtmoetulnt CONSEQUENCES OF WAGE AND HOUR LAW HYDE PARK, New York: In a ormal statement issued at Hyde Park last week, President Roose- elt expressed hope that the new Wages and Hours law, which went nto effect on October 24 —would work, and that employers doing ntrastate business would comply ith Its spirit But industry's reaction to the new aw—the New Deal's second at- empt to build "a floor for wages, a eiling for hours"—was not en- ouraging. Western Union Tele- raph Co. promptly announced that might have to fire 3,125 messenger oya; Luther Wallin of Earle, Ark., rudently closed down his sawmills there and at Columbus, Miss.; nd -in low-wage Puerto Rico em- loyers planned to lay off 120,000 f the island's 420,000 workers, thus alslng the number of Puerto Rlcan nemployed to 350,000. The new Wage and Hour law makes it illegal to pay some 11,000,500 workers employed In interstate ommerce less than 25 cents an our, sets the statutory work week at 44 hours. It is not illegal to work a longer week, but simply more oxptnjjve /or employer* who Must pay one and one-half times the regular rate for over time. Big Western Union and little louthern lumbermen sought to get n line with the law by exemption r discharge of under-paid hands, r out of line by closure, because ny employer found in violation rill be in a peck of trouble. He may have to pay his workers the Ifference between their sub-stan- ard wages and the legal minima, lus an equal amount in damages, nd he may have to pay a fine up o JJ 0,000, spend up to six months jail. Most U, S. employers were in o danger. Of the 11,000,000 em- loyed In industries under the act, '. S. statisticians last week figured lat only 750,000, (a large propor- on in Solthern, lumber, garment, ertllizer industries) receive less nan 25c an hour; and twice as many, or about 1,500.000 employees, •ork more than 44 hours. In future years the standards tl\\ grow stricter: Beginning Octo- er 24. 1939, 30c and 42 hours; Octo- er 1940, 30c and 40 hours; October, 945, 40c and 40 hours. Meantime, ommittees representing manage- lent, labor and the public may fix wage minima actually applying to any industry anywhere between 30 and 40c (so long as the standards do not cause unemployment.) Along with Wages and Hours goes federal prohibition of child labor (under 16) In interstate commerce industrieti effective immediately and applying to 50,000 children. NO SPECIALISTS WANTED NEW YORK: Of the 57 WPA workers wielding picks and shovels no a ditch-digging project In New York City, 38 walked off the job one day last week and refused to labor more. Their reason: Working with either pick or shovel was hard enough, but to ask any man to use these tools interchangeably—without a chance to rest while another worker plied the other tool—was "Inhuman." Result: One man discharged, one suspended, Interchangeable picking and shoveling resumed. HANDSOME TRIBUTE FOB MURPHY WASHINGTON: High in the esteem of President Roosevelt's Adviser Thomas Corcoran as a candidate for the vacancy on the U. S. Supreme Court is Michigan's Governor Frank Murphy, who is having- a tough battle for reelection. Observers were therefore not surprised to read last week In "Washington Daily Merry-Go-Round", the political column by Pearson and Allen which is one of Mr. Corcoran's favorite wind tunnels for testing political balloons, a handsome tribute to Mr. Murphy and a serious discussion of hia qualifications to succeed the late Justice Cardozo. Excerpts: "When Murphy was judge of the recorder's court he kept a little cardboard placard behind his desk where only he could see it. It read: "If you must err, err on the, side of lientency" ... "Murphy also called every convict into chambers and privately told him in advance what his sentence would be and why. He hated to see a man stand in open court and get the sudden shock of a sentence without advance preparation. "Governor Murphy is a devout Catholic, attends Mass regularly. Even his critics give him credit for broad tolerance. He abhors bloodshed. Another characteristic Is hia fighting sympathy for the underdog.' He is frankly, definitely, enthusiastically pro-labor, believes that relations between capital and labor constitute the nation's most difficult problem." —o— COMPRESSED AID- HOT AND OTHERWISE WASHINGTON: With election day but a fortnight off. political loud speaker blared at the nation's eardrums last week from every stump and hilltop, filling the air with civic sense and nonsense, but most of all with partisan fury. As the party in power, Democrats debouched upon the nation from Washington. To crucial Pennsylvania—for which Harry .Hopkins last fortnight authorized 10,000 new WPA jobs—went Postmaster General Farley to warn a $100-a-plate dinner in Philadelphia that nothing could so comfort Republicans as to win back Pennsylvania, which they had lost four years ago. Result in funds raised: $334,700. To New Jersey went Secretary of War Woodring. To Council Bluffs, Iowa, having already visited Kansas, Texas and Illinois, went Secretary of Agriculture Wallace to make another of a series of heartfelt speeches in defense fo AAA. To Kansas went Senate Majority Leader Barkley. To Pennsylvania after Mr. Farley went House Majority Leader Rayburn. But of all the stump-speaking Democrats, loudest and longest was Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes, who crossed the country to whoop up the New Deal for the congressional elections and attend a few ceremonies at which his presence was appropriate. In his Informal talks, short speeches, and eight full-length addresses, the editing of Presidential Advisers Corcoran & Cohen was unmistakable. They stamped Mr. Ickes as Possibility No. 1 for a 1940 presidential candidate acceptable to Mr. Roosevelt, a candidate to be built up before Democratic National Chairman Jim Farley and his alliance of local bosses can converge on someone else, such as Missouri's Senator Bennett Clark. "I think President Roosevelt would carry the United States if he ran again, and he might htve to run," declared Mr. Ickes. "But for his sake I hope he doesn't." • * • While the veterans of the New Deal went forth again to fight, Republican National Committee Chairman John Hamilton called his reservists again to the colors and assigned them to battle stations. Their assignments and refurbished weapons with which they went into action: Most recent President-reject, Alfred Landon: "The president preaches social justice and purity in administration of relief from the White House steps, while his ward heelers grease the machine with the help of the spending agencies." Alf Landon's ex-running mate, Publisher Frank Knox: "Instead of a government whose total cost- paid in taxes—in Coolidge days was $3,300,000,000, we now have a government which costs—exclusive of all relief expenditures—more than 47,000,000,000 a year." Michigan's perpatetic Senator Vandenberg; "The foulest blemish on free American citizenship in the last century and a half has been the effort to trade bread for ballots. The man who asks American citizens to give up their freedom in exchange for something to eat does not belong in public office; he belongs in jail." Republican Chairman Hamilton himself: "The money you have paid into the Treasury for your old-age pension U not there. It has been spent for heaven knows what, and in its place is only an I. O. U. Unless the law is changed, when the time come* to start paying you * pension the Treasury will be re quired either to default of to tax you and the remainder of the rtmn try to g«t the money . . . Instead of weakening Social Security, Re publicans will strengthen It... put a firm foundation under that col' umn of the temple of social Justice now falling down." Said thoughtful Democratic Sen ator King of Utah, not up this year for reelection: "Candidates who promise most for their communities out of the federal treasury will fart the best" A DEFINITION: BEDS AND BUNKS ALBANY, New York: Between a teacher and a politician declared Oklahoma's Senator Josh Lee In addressing a teachers' conference at Albany last week, there is this difference: A teacher makes his bed and lies In it; a politician makes his bunk and lies out of It GERMANY HEARS "WAR IS OVER!" BERLIN: Germany's large-scale mobilization, which began on August 15 and was called "maneuvers' by the German General Staff, was officially called off last week. At least 460,000 youthful reservists, happy that their Fuhrer Adolf Hit* ier had got all he wanted of Czechoslovakia without losing a man, were in high spirits as they made r» idy to return to civilian life on November L Many requisitioned busses bringing flower-bedecked soldiers hack to Berlin from Sudetenland were Inscribed:, "The War is Over!" Also released to civilian life wore the bor Service youths, detained an extra month to.work on Germany's counter-Maglnot line facing France. But there was Wttla rejoicing by German Jews who were being examined last week preparatory to the name-changing on January 1. All Jews born after that date must •e labelled with an unmistakably Jewish first name, specified In a published Nazi list Jewish men rhose present names differ from hose on the list must now add Israel, Jewish women must tag on Sarah. Reported by many corre- pondents also planned for the New Year by Germany's rampant antl- iemltic rulers was a more-drastic- han ever decree forbidding Jews o work for Aryans, to own or work n factories, banks, wholesale houses. ir the Third Reich's 600,000 Jews, half on relief, the new decree will mean certain pauperdom. —o— < NEW CONSTITUTION FOR CZECHOSLOVAKIA PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia: In the Inal drafting stage last week was a new Czechoslovak constitution, which will shortly federallze the epublic, centering legislative pow- r at Prague in a national assem- >ly and a senate. Bohemia, the Jzecb part of the republic, will have 140 seats In the assembly, Slovakia 50, Ruthenia ten. In the senate, the three states will have equal strength, eight seats each. A hyphen will probbaly be inserted into Czechoslovakia, making it "Czecho- Slavakia" according to Prague dispatches, but the Ruthenlans want the republic's name changed to "The State of Czechs' Slovak* and Rutbenlanji." Other proposed names with important backing this week: "Western Slavia"; "Central Slavia"; "Slavia." Eduard Benes, ex-President, and surviving founder of Czechoslovakia quietly flew with his wife last week to England. In a few weeks he will sail for the U. S. to become a professor at the University of Chicago. MRS. ROOSEVELT SPONSORS NEW BUSINESS ROCHESTER, New York: Mentioning no names, Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt several months ago casually remarked in her newspaper column "My Day" that she had tried on a pair of shoes which "make standing for hours a pleasure." After Investigating, the radio "March of Time"—heard every Friday evening over the NBC Blue Network—reenacted on the air her White House fitting by the shoe's inventor, 54-year-old Cobbler James Fikany, soon deluged with orders from the U. S., Canada tnd England, Mr. Fikany last week proudly signed articles for a $250,000 corporation. His backers hope to expand the little Fikany business into an enterprise for Rochester's 2,500 unemployed shoe workers. STAR FARMER WINS HONOR FACLMOUTH, Virginia: Hunter Roy Greenlaw farms 385 acres on the banks of the Rappahannock River near Falmouth, Va. When Hunter took over the farm after his father's death nearly five years ago, it didn't amount to much; but he stayed in high school and managed the farm on the principles he learned there. He used plenty of fertilizer, rotated his corn, beans, grass crops, grew seed corn under contract for a wholesale firm bought a $1,075 tractor on the installment plan to help his two mules and five horses. By the time he was graduated from high school last year, with a four-year average of 92V4 percent, Hunter Roy and the prospering Greenlaw farm were PLANT CORWITH, IOWA The TRIPLE f ROTECTED HYBRID, Tim ? Tested for Adaptability, Yield and Quality. Place your order now and insure yourself of a sufficient supply of the seed you desire. 37-tf model* 16* mll*« around. OohveiMn* 1ft #«»*» City, Mo., last week «md*r U>* »«*»«]» •* the KMistt City W>, $* *^£* Farmers of America (1TS.OOO members) quickly «rt?*fd«d th«f coveted honor of State Fanner and the $800 . that the $600 would ftnlah the pay- nVenta ott hU tractor , «** Farnwr Gw«»!aw hurried took to****. His proud mother fretted: "Kurt ; boy sure will work Writfrtf to death." When to need of glasses have your eyes thoroughly examined by DR. F. E. SAWYER, Opt. Is Your Coat the Correct Length ? You'll be wanting it right away, so better send It to us today for shortening and repairs as welf as cleaning and pressing. Our repair department is always at your service and charges are moderate. Now is a good time to have those soiled summer things cleaned before you put them away. The Cl eaners NORMAN & PERRY Phone 330 We Deliver Tto dbotec b «Mrfy •«!•. Tfc* Aadrem Hotel b dtutltd to th« center of tbs downtown dbtrlct - • («w ttsp* to thopa and tmutMMirt*, Gueid «• elweyi forttbk In pltMMt, hoaelllu mom. pctUbig food for brukf*^ bncUo* •nd dinner-Mrved hi the Coffe* Shop...C<r*9« iwle«..Jm retos are r««on<iUe. IMCODOM r. fram 4TH STREET AT HENNIPIM ANDREWS "The Life Of The Party" Beady to §em at s moment's notice. Yes Pepri-Oola cooli fwter in yonr refrigerator, and ia GOOD WITH EVeAi THING. DOUBLE SIZE-DOUBLE QUALITY_. . _ DI8TBIBUTBD BY Fort Dodge Bottling Works BOWL FOR BETTER HEALTH BARRY'S

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