The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 5, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, September 5, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 142 filythevllle Courier "™" Blyttievill* Daily New Mississippi Valley Lead* BlythevlUe Herald _THE_DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF KOOTBlAaT ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER 5, 1953 Employment Code Dropped by USDA But Dirksen Predicts GOP Will Fight for Measure WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Dirksen (R-I11) predicted today Republicans will attempt to force passage of Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) legislation in next session of Congress. Dirksen's prediction came aftei the Agriculture Department announced it has abandoned a con troversial requirement that banks which make farm price suppori loans must promise not to practice racial discrimination in employment. The Senate in the past has bottled up civil rights bills approved by the House, largely because Southern _ Democratic filibusters against such measures. Sen. Hill (D-Ala) said in a separate interview he sees no lessen- Ing of Southern opposition to meas- ures of-this character. Dirksen said he realizes the Southerners may talk at length against an FEPC bill, but that he believes Republicans should try to pass such a measure to carry out campaign pledges made last year. A variety of FEPC proposals have been made, most of which call for establishment of a federal commission to prevent racial, religious and other discrimination in hiring. Assistant Secretary of Agriculture John H. Davis, who is president of the Commodity Credit Corporation, said last night the non discrimination clause no longer would be required. He said the decision was made on "a question of fact"—that employment was not involved, since lending agencies ;enerally handled the loans without increasing their staffs. Recent Fuss The acrimony over the non-discrimination clause began only recently when Southerners discovered it has been contained in all ending agency agreements since May. Secretary Benson said in South Carolina earlier this week that he regarded the clause as "unneces- ;ary." But Walter White, executive eec- •elary of the National Association or the Advancement of Colored 'eople, said that if the President allowed the non-discrimination clause to be dropped "he might as well disband immediately the government Contract Compliance rprnrn onnt)^ "11 "n Committee." This group was set fnmn ftT oo a S er 1W "P recently to check on observ- tomorrow, the 33rd and final! ance of non-discrimination by gov- 275 Gl's Return To Freedom Final Day Of POW Swap Is Tomorrow By STAN CARTER PANMUNJOM (AP) _ A whopping 275 Americans streamed back to freedom today and the Communists pro- EIGHT PAGES WHAT DROUGHT? — Two men wade in hip- deep water toward their home in Robstown, Texas, where some 2,000 persons have been driven from their homes by high water caused by continuing heavy rains. -Approximately 2,500 people have been evacuated from the Robston-SInton area of South Texas. Because the land is quite level there is no force to runoff waters and damage is limited to the soaking effect of the water. (AP Wirephoto) Ike Okays for Iran $45 Million in Loans By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER (AP) — President Eisenhower today granted the new government of Iran 45 million dollars in emergency economic aid in an obvious move to prevent any Iranian alignment with Russia. day of the big Korean War Prisoner exchange. The second and last Communist "bonus" delivery will boost the number of Americans repatriated to 3,598—283 more than the Communists first promised to send back. Both si'des announced today they would complete the exchange tomorrow. The final delivery probably includes a small group of American Air Force and Marine pilots whom the Communists said "confessed" to germ warfare charges. The Allies said they would turn back on the last day 137 Chinese and 2.255 North Koreans, boosting the total repatriated to 75,797— ernment contractors. Davis called in reporters late yesterday and gave them a statement announcing it will be entirely many more than Ihe 74,000 the U N. Command first promised to re turn. The Communists also promised t release Sunday 1 South African, British, 4 Turks, and 1 Japanese. This will raise to 12,763 the num ber of Allied POWs returned, 1 short of the 12,763 the Communist said they would liebrate. Refused Return But the Reds have since sail 'more than 20 non-Korean and 30 Korean prisoners refused repatria tion and will be turned over to th neutral nations repatriation com mission for disposition. Both sides said the final figure would include all prisoners whc want to return, including any wb had changed their mind at the las minute. While the Reds held back untl last the airmen they charged spread bacteria over North Korea, the U N. Command was doing the same with the leaders of the bloody Koje Island POW camp riots. The U. N. Command would not confirm it officially, but Sunday's delivery presumably will include the riot leaders, including North Korean Col. Lee Hak Koo.^ . The Communists' most famous prisoner, Maj. Gen. William F. Dean, three years of Red captivity behind him, arrived in Tokyo Saturday on the first lap of the happy trip home. Freed Friday, Dean was sent to Tokyo Army Hospital for a physical checkup. He said he had no idea how long he will stay in Japan. The contingent of 275 Americans returned Saturday was by far the largest group of 0. S, troops sent back in one day. All appeared in good health. The Reds also handed back 24 Britons and 1 Australian, 11 South Korean soldiers and 2 South Korean women Red Cross workers. The Allies delivered about 2,400 North Korean POWs, who turned up with a new propaganda trick as they arrived at the exchange point. "Now . . . Weep!" Instead of the usual shouting and flag waving, the Reds were called sharply to atlenlion by the leader of each truck, then bowed their heads See POWs on Page 8 optional with banks whether they sign the anti-discrimination pledge, Complete Clause .."They can scratch it out and we'll accept the contract," he said. Davis said he presumed some Southern banks already have ned the pledge — perhaps without reading the fine print. He was asked whether they could exchange their contracts for another without the clause. "We'll have to study that out when it comes up," he commented. Gov. James F. Byrnes of South Carolina, who backed Gen. Eisenhower in the last presidential election, wrote the President Aug. 27 saying many banks would refuse to sign agreements containing the non-discrimination clause. White called reversal of the order a "humiliating capitulation" to Byrnes. "Full responsibility" for inclusion of the controversial clause in the contracts ie being assumed by Karl D. Loos, the department's solicitor and one of Benson's first appointees. Automobile Is Stolen From Used Car Lot A 1950 Ford four-door sedan was stolen from the Noble Gill used car lot Thursday night, police said today. The green car bore an Arkansas license No. 262-277 and has a high burnpsr guard in front. The automobile was not missed until yesterday afternoon. Dean in Tokyo For Rest, Check His Appetite Is Described As Amazing By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN TOKYO (/P)— Maj. Gen. William F. Dean, liberated yesterday after more than three years in Communist prisons, checked in at Tokyo Army Hospital today for rest and a physical examination before heading home. Doctors described Deans appetite as "amazing." He has scheduled his second news conference for Sunday in the hospi- al auditorium. The thin but apparently healthy ormer commander of the U. S. 24th Division flew here this morning rom Korea after inspecting an* onor guard at 8th Army head- uarters in Seoul. Before boaj-ding a B17 for the Ive-hour flight to Japan. Dean rove through the streets of South Corea's capital smiling and waving o thousands of Koreans who turned ut to cheer him. At the alrbase near Seoul, Dean •ept as he said farewell to Gen texwell D. Taylor, 8th Army com- lander, and other officers and rep- esenlalives of the Republic of Ko- ea where he was military gover- or during the occupalion. As he started to board the plane. Dean looked at a group of small Korean girls who had presented him with bouquets of flowers and said, "Taitanhi komapsupmida" Korean tor "thank you very much." With Dean on the flight to Japan were two other repatriated veterans of the 24th Division, M. Sgt Josept Tupa of Honolulu, and Sgt Alden Cook of Blueffeld, W. Va, At the airport to see him off was Col. Charles R. Rain, of Sal«m N. J., the former executive officer of one. regiment In the 24th Division when Dean wu oommandtr. The President acted just 10 days after Prime Minister Fazollah Za- hedi appealed to him for swift assistance, saying Iran's treasury was empty and that money was needed urgently to enable the country "to emerge from a state of economic and financial chaos." Last Tuesday Eisenhower made public a reply assuring Zahedi the United States would give "sympathetic consideration" to his appeal. Today the summer White House issued this stalement: "In response lo a request for urgent assistance from the new government of Iran, the President has made available on an emer- ;ency basis 45 million dollars which will be used for the imme>j- ale economic assistance of Iran in accordance with the procedures Operations Aclmin- Ihe Mutual Security Act. "Great Need" "This amount is in addition to existing United States technical assistance and military programs in Iran. "There is great need for immediate assistance to restore a measure of stability and establish a foundation for greater economic development and improvement in the living standards for all the people of Iran. "It is hoped that, with our assistance, there will be an increase in the internal stability of Iran which will allow the development of a healthy economy to which an early effective use of Iran's rich resources will contribute." That was a clear reference to Iranian oil and the dispute with Great Britain which has shut off the supply, despite U.S. efforts to help arrange a settlement. Shortly after Iranian royalists overthrew the government of Prime Minister Mossadegh Aug. 17 and returned Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi to power, the Shah said Iran was broke, had to have immediate financial aid and was willing to accept it from any country, including Russia. Oil Important A few days later Zahedi appealed to Eisenhower for aid. The promptness with which the President responded underscored the importance this country attaches to keeping Iran and its rich oil deposits out of the Soviet orbit. signments yesterday in a move to strengthen White House liaisbli with Congress. He appointed Jack Martin, formerly chief aide to the late Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, to be one of his administrative assistatnts and advanced Gerald D. Morgan, until now a secondary aide to Eisenhower, to the rank of administra- tive assistant. Both will work on legislative matters. Another appointment was that of Maj. Gen. Wilton B. Persons, presently a special assistant to the his administrative assistants and Persons will serve unfler Sherman Adams, Eisenhower's chief aide, with the aim of relieving Adams of some of his work load. SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENT! East vs. West Fight In German Elections day as 33 .ike a contest (AP) ~ By DON DOANE — - • Ge ™ a "y', s national election campaign woun dup to- in what lookcd to the outside world C. of C. Seeks Yes' Or 'No' on Air Base Chamber of Commerce officials are laying plans to obtain a "yes" or "no" answer from the government as to whether or not _ it _ wants to reactivate the Blytheville air pending a review Carthy Quizzes Army Secretary By JACK BELL KB tigators why the Army won't.'provide names of military personnel who cleared civiUari;>*iiuspectied«of Communist' ac- The President made several changes in White House slaii as- Six Escape When Auto Overturns tivities. Declaring it was just as Important to find out who gave clearance to a Communist as it was to locate a Red, McCarthy had said earlier he would appeal to Secretary of Defense Wilson or even to President Eisenhower for the information, if necessary. But he told, a news conference today he hopes "we don't have to go any higher than Stevens." "Stevens had nothing to do with that order," McCarthy added. "But we would like to have him come in Tuesday, if that is convenient with him, to testify in a closed session of the committee about the situation." The investigations subcommittee McCarthy heads held four days of hearings in New York this week during which it was disclosed that woman employe of the Quartermaster Corps, labelled by McCarthy as a "100 per cent Communist," had access to Army data on troop movements. The woman was not named, but McCarthy demanded to know what military officials had cleared her for the job. Refused Request Col. Wendell G. Johnson of the 1st Army Intelligence stall refused saying such information could not be supplied because of a directive issued by former President Truman on March 13, 1948. McCarthy said today he is satisfied that Stevens, now on vacation. McCarthy during the hearings there said yesterday there apparently had been a misunderstanding. McCarthy had accused the officer, Col. Robert A. Howard of refusing to say whether a known about a specific individual of who! he had little first hand knowledge, rather than the overall question whether Communists should be employed. 'I believe thats Communist should not be in government," Col. Howard explained to an interviewer. "We do not condone Communists in government and believe they should be removed." Apparently the convening of the ext session of Congress is being waited before a decision is made o the JCS and the Air Force can etermine the finality of cuts being rdered in Air Force funds. A Blytheville delegation consist- ig of Mayor Dan Blodgett, E. B. 'homas, R. A. Porter, Eddie B. Daid and Chamber of Commerce Manager Worth D. Holder conferred with Rep. E. C. (Took) Gain- ings in West Memphis .yesterday. Letter from AF They brought back with them this copy of a letter sent Rep. Gain- ings from Air Force Undersecretary James H. Douglas: "Changes in programming almost inevitably produce unfortunate results. A further study of Air Force base requirements with a view to full utilization of existing facilities and those already under construction has resulted in a decision to defer the development of a major Air Force base at Blytheville. "You may be sure the decision not lo proceed with planning and construction at Blytheville was reached only after most careful consideration" WHeni upon 'theTTom^' pletion of the review undertaken by determination made, it is a new of force levels is possible that a base, work on which has been "deferred by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Chamber of Commerce of- the Joint Chiefs or staff, ficials met yesterday and are scheduled to meet again In the next lew days. According to reports from Wash- ngton, a decision on whether to iroceed with reactivation of the Blytheville base or to cancel the imposed project entirely is not ikely before the first of the year. requirement for Blytheville will be re-established. But there is no such requirement under the present program. "The Air Force appreciates your interest and assistance and the fine cooperation of the residents of the Blytheville area. It regrets the disappointments and inconveniences which may result from revision of our plans." Liquor Industry Raps Army Hard Drink Order Gets Criticism Korean PW's E Nourn Priest Six Air Force enlisted men escaped serious injury early this morning when the 1953 Plymouth in which they were riding left! who Highway 61 at a curve three miles j north 'of the state line and over- did not know in advance about Col. Johnson's decision. He added that he is not Biking the Army to turn over any FBI or other investigative reports which would reveal the names of confidential informants. On other points, the senator said :iis committee has so many Investigative leads ahead that he doesn't believe he will be able to make a planned trip to Japan, Formosa, iorea, The Philippines and possibly Indochina in October. In New York, an Army colonel had drawn criticism from Five Ducks Shot turned twice. The car was demolished but the | most serious injury suffered was a: Af 'WftllfGr dislocated finger received by Rob-J "• TTUIRCF ert Sachsenheimer, 23, of St. Louis. Minor cuts and bruises were received by Earl Reed, 21, Wyman Vandlver, 22, Tommy Cotter. 18, Virgil Morice, 20, and Hershell J. Bowman, 20. They were treated at Walls Hospital and dismissed. The accident occurred about 4 a.m. when Wyman, the driver, failed to negotiate a curve. All six are attached to the 366th Maintenance Squadron at Alexandria Air Force Base. La. They were en route to St. Louis to spend the week end. 8,383 in Nissco Get Cliesf X-Rays TB Association's Month-Long Series Of Free Clinics Ends A total of 8.383 Mississippi Coun- tians received free chest x-rays in the month-long series of that ended yesterday in Joiner. The counlywiae series of clinics was sponsored by the Mississippi County Tuberculosis Association In cooperation with the Stale Health Department, the County Medical Association and the Health Unit In the final clinic i. joiner yesterday, 420 persons were x-rayed. Registrars were Mrs. Bob Smith, chairman ;Mrs. E. M. Bell, Mrs. A. L. Eifltng, Mrs. Hubert Seymore, Mrs. Ruth Stacks and Mrs. Julius Ralph. By communities, here ^re the x- ray totals for the month: Leachville, 642; Manila, 878; Blytheville, 2,701; Armorel, 371; Dell, 239; Luxora, 553 ;Keiser, 223; West Ridge, 337; Osceola, 1,270: Wilson, 327 ;Dyess, 362; and Join- 'He Sleeps Among the Men He So Loved' INCHON, Korea (fl>)_Two army doctors praised by liberated American prisoners for their work in Red prison cnmps joined today in heaping further praise on a Catholic priest who died a prisoner. "I am a Jew. but I felt deeply the greatness of the man regardless of religion," said Capt. Sidney E:r;ensten of Minneapolis. And Capt, Clarence L. Anderson of Long Beach, Calif., said, "everyone wanted to see him and everyone asked for him." The heroic priest was Father Emil Kapaun of Pilsen, Kan. Anderson said the chaplain never was mistreated by the Communists but suffered because he could clinics! n0 ^ vi 5 '^ prisoners freely. The chaplain insisted on going on work details so he could visit men in olher camps up lo the day he suffered his final illness. Father Kapaun first suffered a blood clot, then was stricken with dysentery. The Reds finally took him away to a camp hospital after he became 11 with pneumonia. Anderson said that as his captors carried him away, the chaplain asked them to forgive him "undoubtedly because of harsh thoughts he had toward them . . ." Father Kapaun never returned from the hospital. When he died he was buried on a hill near the camp. "He sleeps among the men he so By ED CBEAGH And EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON (A,JP) _ Some' liquor industry"' spokesmen joined voices today with temperance advocates in condemning new Army and Air Force regulations allowing hard drinks to be sold to commissioned and sioned officers posts. non-commis- on military There were expressions of concern from members of Congress too, along with one of approval. But other lawmakers, asking not to be quoted by name, expressed the hope that the furore would die down before Congress reconvenes in January. Said one: "Anything you say publicly on loved and so helped while he was alive," Anderson said. Fined on DWI Count Willie Reams was fined S100 and costs, and sentcriccd to 24 hours in Jail after pleading guilty In Municipal Court this morning to a'charge of driving wtUl* intoxicated. Upping Toll to 30 Five dead ducks were left by someone last night on the bank of Wnlk;r Park Lake after they had been shot with a rifle, Police Chief Cecil Graves said this morning, The incident was reported to the police by picnickers at Walker Park who heard the shots and saw someone around the ducks. They said that it looked as though someone was carrying off some of the ducks In a sack, Chief Graves said. This brings to a total of approximately 30 ducks that have been removed from the park or killed in the last three weeks. The police chief said that the park will be patrolled rosularl.v and arrone'found Kennett Man Seriously Hurt When Hit by Train at Hayti HAYTI _ A Kennett man was to be picked up for transport out critically injured here about 4 p.m : of the yard. yesterday when struck by a Frisco Railway train which was switching cars In the compress yards. The engine from a southbound freight train had cut loose from its this Is wrong." The Army and Air Force announced yesterday sales of liquor by the drink or bottle will be permitted to persons over 21 at bars and lounges operated by officers' and non-commissioned officers clubs at posts in the United States and its possessions. Such clubs, while on government property, are not government enterprises. They are run by their members under service regulations. Hammers Schumberg, Washington representative of the National Retail Liquor Package Stores Association, said the new policy was "legally, morally and ethically wrong." Schumberg went on to say in a statement: "Revolution" "This is completely contrary to the announced intention of the Eisenhower administration to discourage government competition with private business. If the policy is allowed to stand, there will be a mass uprising against the Republican party and the mothers of boys going into the service will lead it." In Cleveland, William W. Mitchell, executive secretary of the National Alcoholic Beverage Control Associations, said the loss in revenue to states will be considerable and that some liquor dealers will be driven out of business. However, a spokesman for the Distilled Spirits Institute, a distillers' association, said "There See LIQUOR on Page 8 Weather Woodrow Seymore was listed as J m ^ 0 train outside of Hayti and come "very serious" by Haytl Hospital officials this morning. Both legs were crushed and mangled In the accident, and the right leg, which was apparently run over by wheel, had to be amputated, offi-Lsaid cials said. The big toe on the left: foot also was removed, V.w-h '•"-• pjtal authorities hoped that the leg to the compress yard to pick up cars headed for Memphis. The engine approached the oars from the south, and Mr. Seymore was ap- ---------- ' the north end of the or 20 cars, Mr. Elders I parently at string ot 15 ARKANSAS—Fair this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Continued cool tonight. MISSOURI — Generally fair tonight and Sunday, warmer Sunday; '"" 50-55;' high Sunday Hospital officials said Mr, Scy- more's condition is as good as could be expected at the present, 'ere no witnesses to the iccldent, and trainmen, not known? of its occurrence, did not stop the train at the time. ous" stage. He apparently is suffering no Internal injuries and has only abrasions and lacerations over molesting the duck« will outed. jof Haytl, said Mr. Seymore npp.ir-. Mr, Seymore Is a brother of Huot pro««- en t|y w , g g | tt lng or lying on the i bcrt and David Scymora of Blythe| tract wtor* th*r« were somt oars | vill«, low tonight around 80. Mnxlmum yesterday—80. Minimum yesterday—G5. Sunset todfly—6:22. Sunrise tomorrow—5:3fi. Precipitation Inst 21 hours to «:30 p.m. yesterday—.03. ' Mean temperature (midway between hlRh and low)—72.3. Preclpitfitlbn Jan. I to date~32.79 This Date Last Year Minimum yesterday—53. Maximum yesterday—06. Precipitation January 1 to data — + To the average German, however, there was no clear-cut East- West choice such as recent Moscow and Washington statements would seem to imply. The United States, through Secretary of State Dulles, gave its blessing Thursday to Chancellor Konrad Adenauer's pro-Western conservative coalition government. Russia, through the official news agency Tass, called last night for the defeat of Adenauer and his program of rearmament in alliance with the West. German voters who will decide the issue in tomorrow's parliamentary voting—perhaps the most significant election in postwar Europe —could point out that both parties with any chance of winning are anti-Communist. The opposition Socialists are just as strongly opposed to Moscow as Adenauer's Christian Democrats. The Difference But to the outside world the difference was this: The triumph of the 77-year-old Chancellor's Christian Democrats would commit West Germany to his program of raising German troops for the proposed West European army, a project the United States supports, A Socialist victory, however, would bring in a policy of unarmed neutrality in the cold war, which iVIoscow demands. For most Germans, however, the main question was: which policy officers the most hope of achieving that all-German dream of reuniting both the Soviet-occupied East zone and West Germany in peace and freedom? Tass said last night that the moment Adenauer achieves his goal of a Western military Alliance "it will become impossible to revive the unity of Germany." Dulles declared Adenauer's defeat would be disastrous for the prospects of German unification. The Socialists jumped on Dulles' statement with such fury- that it became the hottest isj'ue of all in th-.el^Mug .days,f'- Vv,. >,rnp>%]j.,,., They .accused the" American sefc, '*'• retary of state of "intolerable" Interference in German domestic affairs and charged he not only was trying to dictate to German voters but also was attempting to torpedo next month's proposed four-power conference on Germany's future. Socialist leaders claimed and some American officials privately conceded this possibility—that German resentment of foreign "dictation" would, react against Adenauer rather than for him. • The Chancellor's supporters, however, continued to express confidence that Adenauer would triumph, Final Appeal In a television address last night. Adenauer declared the Socialists would embark on "dangerous experiments in the economic and foreign policy fields" if they win the election. Socialist Chief Erich Ollenhauer, in his last appeal to the voters, lashed out at Adenauer's foreign policy as "unrealistic". He declared the German people "would be the first victims of a new war." Although observers .generally declined to speculate on the outcome of the voting, at least one thing seemed certain: the Communist party won't win. The German Red organization has grown so weak during ihe cold war that it may not even carry one of the 484 parliamentary seats at slake. Plan Violence Apparently realizing iheir weakness, the Communists switched during the campaign's last week to plans of violence and sabotage designed to wreck the election. Thousands of tough Red agents were sent in from East Germany' to raid polling booths, steal ballot boxes, attack election officials and incite riots. West German federal police arrested over 7,500 agents and mobilized four million volunteer youths and athletes to help guard the polls against attacks by any agents who might have slipped through the police net. The rights ing radicals—accused of being Nazi-minded — present more of a threat at the polls than the Reds. The radical attack is being spearheaded by the German Reich party, which the government is attempting to outlaw as unconstitutional. But the rightwingers appear too bndly split among several groups to rival the strength of the Christian Democrats or the Socialists. OsceoSan Passes State Bar Exams Malcolm Beverly Levenstein of Osceola has passed his state bar examinations, the State Board of Law Examiners aunounced tn Little Rock yestetrday. Mr. Levenstein was nmonf 36 applicants who successfully completed their state bar ilont,

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