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The Algona Upper Des Hoines, Algona, Iowa, Aug. 16,1938 TOWNSHIP LINE OF BOTTLES A PIONEER FACT And Early Surveyors Had To Bluff Chief Who Claimed Buffalo The surveyor with his staff and transit has always been an object ol interest to bystanders but when Andrew Talcott was running the boundary line between Iowa and Minnesota his work interested the inhabitants of Kossuth county far more than the intrepid Talcott de sired. A great deal of trouble which threatened to force suspension of the whole project arose over the "titonkas". As most Kossuth people know, the Indian word Tltonka means "big black" or buffalo. An Indian chief in the country at that period claimed that the tlton- kas were his "cattle." He had no particular reason for his claim but When the surveying crew killed a couple of bison for meat they committed a great crime in his opinion or so he pretended. He professed to be a stickler for the doctrine of an eye for an eye and whe the two buffalo were killed he d manded two of the white man's ca tie—oxen used for pulling the cam outfit. At this time part of the crew in eluding Talcott got ahead of th main body and were cut off b Indians. Serious trouble threaten ed but by agrument and bluff th •white men were able to "stall" unti the rest of the camp could reac them and by display of force per suade the Indians it would not b wise to attack. CFACITf OF THE fHKTQASS .. MTNE f. J MRS. BLOOMER'S ~h f *B/oomer FIRST KOU6HT INTO \'X(£ fiWK SHE ACOUIREP (WS USfP TO UKE UPON WE PUtUCHMRCFOKMOF SVFfRAlX AHO 1838 Iowa Map a Strange Contrast to Today's The line run across the north portion of Kossuth county was marked not only by the regular posts but by lines of flasks and long- necked bottle. Whatever they contained the crew preferred their contents to the water in the rgion which was always likely to contain frogs, tadpoles and insects. There is more than a strong suspicion that the bottles did not always contain water because other surveyors laying out township linis were often so drunk that their boundaries resembled more a jl? •aw puzzle than well mapped topography. Inspectors rejected much of the work but a good deal of It passed muster and was accepted, to later cause numerous lawsuits over property rights. Styles of 100 Year* Ago Are Really Something A Centennial "style show", presenting the wide and varied changes that have taken place in women's fashions during the past 100 years, is being assembled as one o'f the features of Iowa's Centennial Exposition to be held at the Centennial State Fair in Des Moines, Aug. 26 through Sept. 2. The entire state is being searched for historic gowns worn by Iowa women in the early days of the 19th century. Each period of fashion is to be represented in the show, with particular stress on the Pioneer Period, Civil War Days. Reconstruction Period and the "Gay Nineties". fcmr^few*^ BlXrtttlDDON MI WYil. WttCH HKTWIML FKT OR OOPITY PERTAINING TO Home Folks Are To Be Relied On Whether your hobby or main Interest In life be golf, baseball, Boy Scouts, women's organization*, the church you belong to, or a dozen other similar things, or if your Income depends on the welfare of local businew, there is something it is well to remember. When the organization to which you devote most of your time, either during business hours, or during recreation hours n.~eds funds, help, assistance or support, know know thnt the pace you will get that support is nt home and at home: only. Business firms 50 or 500 miles away eare very little about your own home community and the pet projects in that'com- munity which you favor. There are exceptions, of course, and to them all the more praise. During the process of prppar- ing this special March of Pro- gren* edition, and In arranging details of the program, men connected with both the newspaper and with the community celebration hod the point brought home very forcibly that the one* they could count on were home folks. With a few exception*, organizations and firms 50 mile* or more away "didn't give a hang" whether htere was a salute to Progress or ont in Kossuth county. The point is well worth remembering. Support of home industry and business makes it nil the more possible for the home industry and business in return to support the things you arc interested in, and you'll never get that support away from home. Did you know—That if the voters had not rejected the original state constitution, Minneapolis would have been an Iowa metropolis? Did you know—That the present southern boundary of Iowa is based on a surveyor's error? 10O YEARS AGO It Was The Covered Wagon That Did The Moving BUT TODAY IT'S POST'S DRAY and TRANSFER LINE WE DO THE MOVING— WE DO YOUR SHIPPING— WE DO YOUR PACKING •>t cii' attention and Skill! Our tlly trained in handling- the mo.-t •hold good.^. o I tjuwn.s V.OMI by UK- \vivc.- govt/rnur.^ at m-iu^ui ai.: a WOl'ii by t.ini'jus 1'iwa v. lliSlolic Hi i :l .-Inl. -. Will t)r in the bhuv.- '!!..- •. u.vn.-. dibi'iayt't un wa US po.^.-lijlc l they (u'u supp lh- nt. -j in r'il nl' il t< i The btyli.- .-.hmv v.ill be liuu.- the .Sl.itu Fair KiJututioiiiil Uuilil- iilg, unJ will be open lo the public free uf i .-liar HI- ihroujihmii the, period ol' the Cciilciini.il Sliite Fair from August 2t> through September 2. Did you know--That the JjUile wild..- the lull corn now grows was regarded by the Indiana us unfit for farming? ! O •I o 0 o Did you know --That the Iowa 0 prairie was at first accrued by the j g pioneer farmers becauae it "would § not even grow ttces?" DRAY & TRANSFER 5 EAST COLLEGE ST. Phone 298 U'elrome to Alguiia's, March of g Progress Celebration g *.'>>O.O.O/iO.OAOAO.O.O.O^ pearance. The spelling of Musca tine was changed. What ia now Washington county was designated as Slaughter. The "Emigrants' Guide" published ;n 1846 lists the following counties: Lee, Des Moines, Louisa, Musca- :ine, Scott, Clinton, Jackson, Du- juque, Clayton, Buchanan, Payette, Delaware, Jones, Cedar, Linn, Johnson, Henry, Jefferson, Washington and Van Buren. Counties listed as organized in the new purchase country, ceded to the Jnited States in 1842. were Wapel- o, Mahaska, Davis. Keokuk, Appanoose, Marion, Polk, Monroe, Iowa ^oweshiek, and Black Hawk. On the then western frontier, Early Maps Shows Statu of Kossuth—Unsettled 100 Tears Ago The map of Iowa of 100 year ago would look strangely difTeren from that of Iowa today with its 91 counties. Counties of 1838 were in some instances bearing names which have passed out of the picture. The territorial centennial to be celebrated throughout the state this year will see old names aagin honored. When the territory was estab lished in 1838. there were 21 counties set up. These early counties were extremely large, and boundaries were given little thought or attention. In 1836, Demoine county was div- ded into seven counties. These were Van Buren. Henry, Lee, Des •lolnes, Louisa, Musquintine and ?ook. Cook became Scott at a nter date. Boundaries were inrreg- lar, and a map gave the appear- nce of a crazy quilt. In 1837, the county of Du Buque was divided into 14 counties. Eight ad borders similar to their borders oday. Keokuk, Benton, Buchanan Fayette, and Clayton, had boundaries extending into the Indian countries. In 1838 the limits of seven counties in southern Iowa were revised to approximately their modern ap Judge Call was the local agent for the railway company at the time and seemed to have a good deal of authority In the affairs of the railroad locally. Algona citizens were dumfounded when it was announced that the (depot site had been located nearly one mile northeast of the public square. It soon becme apparent that Judge Call intended to plat a large addition to the town which was to Include the depot During the next two years a number of buildings and homes were constructed' in the new section of town and it was predicted that in a few years the new section would , have the most beautiful homes in Algona. However, most Algona citizens were by no means enthusiastic about the proposed new location for the town nd those In the section through which the railroad was originally Intended to run were bitterly antagonistic to the movement. The result was that the town continued to grow in its original location and the railroad terminal facilities were left stranded at a distance from the city. Judge Call was prominent and influential and usually successful in ->ls undertakings but In this matter ie made one of the few mistakes of s career for his plan was contrary to the interests of too many Algona people to be carried out. Dallas, Jasper, Madison, Warren, Wayne, Marshall, Story, Lucas, Clark, Decatur and Boone counties were being laid out. Did you know— That the original record of the discovery of Iowa by whites was destroyed by a catfish? Did you know—That a French army once invaded Iowa, and fought a battle on the Des Monies River more than 200 years ago? Did you know—That one of the greatest characters in Iowa history bore a name (pronounced) "Mocka- tama-sheck-yok-yok" ? How Milwaukee Ry. Depot Was Located A Mile from Town Algona's railroad service, which has not always been thoroughly satisfactory because of the often-tlmes invonvenient location of the main line Milwaukee passenger station away from the business section, grew into the present situation because of maneuverings of two rival factions In Algona In 1869. When it became known that the line of survey for the Milwaukee road was to run into the county from the east to Algona in 1869, the location of the depot was the principal topic of conversation in town. Where the road should enter town, what course it should take In passing through the town to benefit the greatest number of people, and where It should cross the river, were problems that were discussed in trying to determine at what point the depot should be located. Among the various routes which had been proposed and considered by some of the leading citizens and head officials of the road, was one that seemed to meet with popular favor. That plnn was to have the road enter what is now the central part of Algona. Did you know—That Iowa City was originally designed to be a great steamship port? Did you know—That it was originally the plan of Presidents Jefferson and Jackson to hold Iowa as a great Indian reservation? Did you know—That Iowa for many years was pro-slavery? ACKNOWLEDGEMENT! Photograph* for the centennial edition have been supplied through the ..courtesy of ..the Landers Photo Studio of Boone, the Williams Photo Shop of Spirit Lak«. Robert O. Blokel of Cedar Rapids, the Iowa State Highway Commission at Anirs, and the Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration. PIONEERS OF 1838 OR 1938 "35=3=3 We're Still Dependent (as always) on Suceessf nl Farms —Back in 1838 there was no local surplus to absorb the early farmer's attention. Fortunate was the family who produced enough to care for their own needs and carry on ordniary trading for necessities not produced on the farm. But while sturdy souls pushed westward our eastern population took root. Comunities grew and factories were erected to build shoes and grind grain for convenient city purchase. Soon these midwestern plains were heavily engaged in trading corn for farm machinery, corn for education, corn for adequate clothing. In the early days families produced their own butter and raised their chickens. One did not go to market for such commodities. Times have changed because of an increasing population. An age of specialization absorbed the nation. A man spent his full time producing shoes or building homes and bothered not with farming as a necessary sideline. The reason, of course, farmers produced enough for all ... and great distributing organizations assumed the task of marketing the raw products in processed form. In this region, rich in soil, broad in acreage, we are producing much wealth . . . millions of golden pounds of butter. It is reaching market in perfect condition via refrigerated cars . . . fresh, sweet and wholesome. Beef and pork, eggs and poultry are marketed in a similar manner... all created from the soil and its fruits. We are proud of our own part in the development of this program. We have aided both farmer and consumer ... for profit, of course, but with the service has developed a reputation for direct dealing and fair dealing ... a reputation that has been developed to make the total business more secure and worthy. No single group of men and women can take full credit for the advance in this area, for the progress has been gradual, decade to decade, generation to generation. Today we stand on the threshold of a new crop year and we face the immediate future with high hopes. Whether things come through as we hope or dismally fail ... the same blood that held an earlier family together will give us spirit for the future. Kossutfli <oimi v*« Mai-Hi of Progress Centennial Celebration Is a fine Tribute lo Hie Community, anil We Join in Commemorating tbe Event Member Iowa State Brand Creameries, Inc. Aigona Co-operative Creamery Company f\ * J * ^ OA4 - - - *^ Organized in 1891 C. L. Srhuby, President Ed M^wdsley, Vice President Harry Bode, Andrew Godfredson, Sini Leigh, Directors Algona, Iowa M. P. Christiansen, Secy-.Treaa.