The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on August 16, 1938 · Page 16
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 16

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, August 16, 1938
Page 16
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Last of Indian Wars Between the Sioux, Winnebagoes at West Bend The AJgona Upper Peg Koines, Algoaa, towa, Aug. 16,1088 HISTORIC DATES OF EARLY IOWA Th« last stand—or camping grounds—of the Sioux Indiana In lowm. was at Wert B«nd, Iowa. » J" 1 !* lnt * r «f*">* Information come* from B. F. McFartend of West Bend, whose father came to this Vicinity In 1857 from New Tork, and whose memory recalls vividly some of the early days and pioneer «c«ne», some of which he saw as a youngster and others which he recalls having been told. When the white men first entered Palo Alto county, crossing into it from Kwsuth. they found between one and four thousand Sioux warriors, their wives and papooses. camp*d at the above locations? di-i- gram shows. The sketching was done by Mrs. B»n Zaugg. from the description as given by Mr McFar- Jand. The cabins on the bank are those of Wm. Carter and his son. Fayett*. who arrived at the rfrer'* edge 'west fork of the Upper Des Moines) in covered wagons. The Carters settled across the stream from the Indian camp. Bark shingles covered the cab- Ins, which had dirt floors. Sleepy Eye was the Indian's chief, occupied br hsi family and his four squaws. Remains of thi* Indian camp are still being discovered by folks in this section. The Indians collected in large bodies to protect themselves, as continual war between the Sioux and Winne»»go»s was going on. The Winnebagoes would : iftafe raiding parties from Minnesota, and Sioux from the west would meet them in the West Bend I viririty ?{o favors were askrd or given. It was kill or he killed. The west west branch of the Des Moir.M river was their favorite scalping grounds. * * * * Stagecoach Station in Rolling Plains 1803—Purchased by United States 1*M—Placed under jurisdiction of Indiana Territory. J804—Visited by Lewis and Clark Expedition. 1804—Sergeant Charles Floyd first white man buried In Iowa foux City). 1805—Became part of Louisiana Territory. 1805—Visited by Lieutenant Zeb ulon M. Pike, exploring MissTssip pi. 1808—Establishment of Fort Madison. ISJ2—Became part of Missouri Territory. 1821-1834—Admission of Missouri Union left Iowa without jurisdiction of civil law. , 1830—First school tuaght by Berryman Jennings at Galland. 1833—"Black ' Hawk Purchase" about one-eighth of present Iowa) opened to settlement. 1834—First church (Methodist) 'stbaiished at Dubuque. 1834—Iowa attached to Michigan eritory: Dubuque and "Demoine" ounties established. 183S—Lieutenant Albert Miller ea named this region "Iowa." 1***—Iowa made part of VViscon- In Territory. 183fl—First Iowa newspaper (Du Buque Visitor). lS3e-First Iowa bank (Miner's Bank. Dubuque.) 183ft—First towns surveyed and olatted; Fort Madison. Burlington, Dubuque. Bellevue. Peru. 183*—First post roads approved- first post office* established. 183*—First census taffen: 10.531 Inhabitants. 1837—Burlington became capitol, of Wisconsin Territory; second" Wisconsin Legislative Assembly held! there. 1837—Camp Kearney established, in Council Bluffs district 1837—Catholic Diocese of Dn- buque created July 23. 1837. by Pope Gregory XVI with Bishop Loras. | 1*38—First municipalities chart-! <>red: Fort Madison and Burlington. j<m-~I<jwa territory created, with , Robert Lucas, former Governor of, Ohio, as first governor. I JS38— Governor Lucas mustered } militia into service to repel "invasion" from Missouri over disputed boundary—500 militia-men encamp-1 f<\ at Farmington. Van Buren coun- ' ty. IS3&—Ccunty agricultural societies 'county fairsi authorized by first territorial assembly. I«36-First public institution: penitentiary at Fort Madison. 1S49—Fort Atkinson established in Winneshiek county. 1840—Old Stone Capitol cornerstone laid at Iowa City July 4. IWJ—Brigham Younz blazed Mormon trail across southern Iowa 1S4<J-President Polk signed act admitting Iowa to Union Dev. 28. 184*—Ansel Brigjr* elected first governor of state. frvf itffton School Teacher's Discipline A Pioneer Terror Win name may mean little now bu one* Doctor Armstrong of Irvlngton township, was known far and wide a* an educator. He commanded the awed reaped of parents and the greatest obedience of terrorized pupil* by his methods of teaching which would horrify professors oi education today. Dr. Am strong was In n class by himself, the historians relate. His success In causing his pupils to absorb and retain a great amount of Information on a large number oi subjects and In mastering tl?ment- ary principles has always been regarded by thsoe acquainted with :he facts as being marvelous. No other teacher was ever known to lave such perfect control of pupils both In and out of schools. Secret of Surent* There was actually nothing mar- i-elous about his accomplishments, however. Armstrong .drove his pupils with a cold blooded system of >unishment* which would never to 9>erated anywhere In the country oday. Not one of his pupils dur- ng the time he was teaching ever A pupil who ashed to leave hi seat to g»t hii slate or book always received this nn*wer. "Why dldn' you attend to this before schoo called f You sit where you are and If you fail in your lewon you know wh«t you will fet" Stubborn boya and (Iris were brought from other counties to bo sent to Armstrong's school to be dlcslpllned. One father brought his boy and said. "1 have brought my boy for you to tache (teach) and 1 want you to either taehe him or kill htm and I would as lief you would the one as the other If not more so." The teacher's reply was "tumble him out and Til take great pleasure in teaching him a little and In tilling him a great deal more." Such was education In the "days or real sport!" Hail to Progress and a new Progressive Drink Try One Centennial Days! OLD WATER SIILt, located on the Upper Des Molnes river, just north of Algona. where the highway bridge on 169 crosses the river, Is shown above. The old mill, a historic landmark, was destroyed by fire in 1902. Steamboat navigation once came up the river to the head of navigation, a few miles above Algona (believe it or not). attended any kind of a social gath ering. Dances, spelling-schools, lit erary societies, sociables and courting were all Ignored and not at the request of the teacher either-th* pupils simply did not dare spend the time away from their studies. A boy or girl never knew when the teacher would point his finger at him and ask some question about matters that had been talked over in class weeks before. The pupil absolutely had to know the answer and the amount of information the students acquired would astonish today's youthful scholar. There WR« ' not a pupil (n the school, old or young, who couldn't name in order the letters of the Greek alphabet as rapidly as the English. All could count in Latin and all knew a long list of word* of which they could name the Latin or Greek root words. Itth Century Education On one occasion the good Doctor did not go to his rooming house, but stayed at the home of 7-year-old pupil. Jimmie Reed. Late" in the evening, while the little boy was lying asleep by the stove. Armstrong picked him up. set him on his feet and said. "Wake up and show your father hoO far you can recite in Did you know—That Robert E. L«. the Confederate commander, was once mayor of an Iowa town? Did you know—That for two years only half-breeds could legally own land in southeastern Iowa? •—• . j Did you know—That Iowa City's first hotel had only one room j-et acommodated 3« guests? greography before you make a mK- take." The geographies then used were constructed on the plan of questions and answers and the questions were fired at the little fellow just as fast as they could be read— and jast a* fast the boy answered them. He went on and on through 30 lesson* before he finally made a mistake. The question was. "What can you say of the climate of the Wert Indies?" Jimmie said. "Warm and delightful." but the book answer was "mild and delightful" so he was counted out—no such slouchy work was tolerated in those days. ! A NICKEL DRINK-WORTH A DIM! Distributed by FORT DODGE BOTTLING WORKS Pictured above is "The Old West Bend" A stage station, blacksmith shop and i»os,toffke and postoffice and store wa» th* civic center for Wiles around until Whittemore was built up. The •tage went from EmrneUburg to Humboldt. one day, and back the next. Henry Jacobs had the »u«xe <on- iract and Charles Ballard wag one of the regular drivers. George Jacobs Sr, waa the owner of th', •tage barns and the »otre and .hop. Oeorge did the blacksmithm* in the early day* avj later Abe Post did it. Mr.-.. Jacob* n-.*nag»j -ne •toreand postoffite. The above drawmg a •*„ tt Mr* Z*t;gg (ram Mr MtF&riand's djwription ou-- the f.r»t West Bend (settlement. B F Mf-Farland'8 fatntr came to Wet Bend ir 1M7. Jay Simmons and Bill Halt were other o!d timer*, and were grx^J fnend« of the Calls and Ing- hanu of Algona. Mr McFarland remembers bis tei, of a trip they made to AJgona They had a yoite of oxen but only or.e hor*e between them and one would waU aheid. and when the man on the hor»e uiuiffc! up with hire they would rhange V^'tn OT.r r.ding o.'.t M*:rf!r. K They »t>ent a full ray jr. rr».» rr.axing tr.*. Weal Ber.-i-Aig-/' j PLENTY OF PAKKIVO *F.U t. ;.,,.. . or thereabout*. But th* thriving tu,... of Ai/i, already making rjj,i.j stride:.-,. Th:.-, ^rer;e u I *"'- What Are Your Neighbors Doing? There's lots of pleasure in a neighborly chat, but you can't depend solely on that means of-gaining information about the interesting happenings of the "neighborhood" made up of Northwest Iowa. It would take too long for the news to "get around." To its readers. THE MESSENGER & CHRONICLE Is looked upon as a "next door neighbor"—it brings full Information, not only about events right at home, but also news of friends and relatives, livftig in surrounding towns. More than 100 correspondents living in Northwest Iowa towns report the activities of their communities. All the neighborhood news appears promptly and is accurately reported in the MESSENGER & CHRONICLE. Situated as it is. in the heart of Northwest Iowa, THE MESSENGER & CHRONICLE Is the only newspaper that can give you complete coverage of Northwest Iowa news in which you are so vitally interested. THE FORT DODGE MESSENGER & CHRONICLE Northwest. Iowa's "HOME" Newspaper O.<XEC^KK>O:QOOO<K>^ ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^g"t"gqg^^^^"^™ I mi"^ A ThatwasthepricetheU.S. Government paid the Indians for the land and territory of Kossuth and adjacent counties. We've Come a Lon iv Since 1838 Cooperation Made Iowa the Best State in the Union - and Built this Insurance Association Growth of Business in 24 Years Founded in 1887, Thi* Organziation'. Growth Ha. BeenOne of the Steadiest and Mo.t Consistent in the Slate 191*-$ 5,000,000 1925-$13,000,000 1935-$ 18,000,000 1920-$ 7,500,000 1930-$ 16,000,000 1937-$20,000,000 ih " A '"'"•• Jfr-'l''-'---'-"^, Within Fractions, the Total lusuraiK-e in Force By This Kossutli County Organization 75 PERCENT OF ALL FARlfo PROPERTY INSURANCE IN KOSSUTH COUNTY IS WITH THIS COOPERATIVE INSURANCE ASSOCIATION "PROGRESS" IS THE KEYNOTE OF MANAGEMENT OF THIS ASS'N, TEMPERED WITH A SOUND, CONSERVATIVE FUTURE OUTLOOK Ask Your Neighbor About Us - We Invite You to Talk It Over Kossuth Mutual Insurance Ass'n UAJUtl tUMMt. i*r« ALOONA, IOWA-NORTH DODGE STREET . I*. liUItii nail w«ral .>! Aiiiu».a ^.ud A. Hifef, E. O.

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