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The Algona Upper Pea Moines. Algona, Iowa. Aug. 16,1938 BENRYLOTTGOT REVENGE; KILL 6DRUNK INJUNS 1866 Saw First Real Influx of Settlers to Koseuth Kossuth county's first pioneers, only two families of whom lived north of Fort Dodge In Iowa In the year 1864, took their lives In their hands. They ventured Into territory that for years had been the proverbial battle grounds of middle-west Indian tribes. The territory embraced by Kos- •uth county was formrely occupied by the Sioux Indians, although there Is no evidence of their having had any villages or cultivated any land on the East Fork. The Wlnnebagoes occupied the country as far west ft* Clear Lake and Pilot Mound (In Hancock county) and the Sacs and Foxet, from the south as far up ft* the mouth of the Boons river. The proximity of those tribes with Whom the Sioux were constantly at war, doubtless made this locality an undesirable place for a permanent residence. It seems to have been their custom to make annual raids in strong force on the frontier settlers, robbing and pillaging «* they went. Before the post was established at Fort Dodge, they frequently went down as far as the rapids, and as far east as the Iowa river, and If they happened to meet a band of Wlnnebagoes or Sacs and Foxes, or a surveying party of whites In their territory, there was sure to be a massacre, a fight or a foot race. To prevent theso raids on the settlers, and alto to ktep peace between the three tribes of Indians, was the object of the government In establishing a military post at Fort Dodge. Early Wagon Trull* Before the settlement of the county, there were no roads or trails passing through Its territory. There were three trails running north and south, west of the Cedar, well known to the frontier settler* and trappers, one up the Boone river by Buffalo Grove to Mankato, Minnesota, one from Boonesboro by the way of Fort Dodge up the east side of the river, crossing just above the forks and up the West Fork to Fort Ridgely; one from Sioux City up the Floyd, crossing to the East Fork of the Rock, to the Minnesota River. Prior to 1884 two cabins had been built north of Fort Dodge In Iowa one by Henry Lott near the mouth Stun '*.£ re * kl nnd the other b William Miller, six miles north o Fort Dodge, on the east side of the river They were both built and UMd for trading posts, while sol. dlers were stationed at Fort Dodge In March, ISM, Lott watt rob- on! and driven out by dm Indian*, but IIP lubMHiuentlv returned with « frrah supply of whisky mid (obtwro.' uutrlicd hU opportunity »o get the per- , jx-tratont all druk at onco when It* nijcnvded in tainnlinwhlnK »lx of Iholr numlHT, Including th« chief of the biuid. The »odle» were carted four or five, mile* and dumped Into Illoody Hun, whenrc lt« niune, ntter which exploit he parked up hi* good*, burned hi* cabin and left the country. i Chief* Head on Pole Miller, on learning of this last enterprl.e of hi* rival, and fearing a retaliation, abandoned his claim and fortified himself In the old barracks at Fort Dodge. On July 3, 1854. when Ambrose A. Call reached Homer, one of the mo«t conspicuous objects of the town wan the head of the old chief stuck on a pole, which an enterprising trapper had fished out of the creek and brought down as a trophy. The part of Kossuth county iiouth or the north line of township 95 wag mostly surveyed In 1953-4. Col! Kills and Capt. Leach were engaged In surveying the north part of OS about the first of July, 1634, when their camp was robbed by the Indians and they were compelled to tabandon the work. Early In the year 18S4, A«a C. Call, wishing to make some invent- ments in western lands arid to l«y out a town plat somewhere, began to look around for a suitable local- Ity. It was hiB Idea to get somewhere upon navigable waters but a t\p along the banks of the'lHls- sisnippl demonstrated that the territory wan alreday occupied, and a visit to the upper lake region produced a similar impression. He therefore determined to go north from Des Molneit, along the river of that name, Into the unexplored region of thin state. In July, In company with his brother, Ambrose he started out and came to KosButh county. After thoroughly looking over the territory, they went back, but with the Intention of returning. Ambrose 'A. Cull wan the first to do BO. Making his Kecond and final visit to this county the same month, and on July 28. 1854. cum[jtil on section 14, and ruined their cabin. Call Brother).' Exploit* Thus the Call brothers are justly entitled to the honor of being the first pioneer* ot Kossuth county, and, are yet the moist prominent figures around which cluster the halo of many remiscicenccB of the past. During the fall of that same year 1854, Malachi and W. G. Clark. Wm, Hill and Levi Maxwell. bi'UK-,1 in what in now Cresco. In this connection it would be well to mention that the wife of Asa C. Call was the first of that courageous bund of noble women who followed their husbands Into this great wilderness. and wo* the first white woman whose feet trod the prairies of Kos- auth county. In November, William H. Inghain, with D. E. Stein, came to Kosnulh county, although he did not make a cluim until later. But on the arrival of A. L. Seeley In the latter part of January, they in company built a cabin on Mr. Ingham's claim near the present residence of Mr. Rleb- boS in Portland township. Families Living North ofFortDodae in 1854; One atLottiCreek Who Says Iowa's All Prairie? Here's View of Palisades, NE Iowa H6THt MISSISSIPPI THAT IT MO BttN PISCOYtKP 130 flAKS BffWE.TWY W- 7WWEP TO GRECW &'. AfTt X PAPPUNS THtlR CfiHtX. ALT06ETUCR A DISTANCE OF 1WIOSO'S.KASTIPA A1IRROR AWKXOROINGTO ft* OF l s . HtAPCWCFOFTHe. IOWA WANS/ ^^ Antonin Dvorak Left Fame In Music—Once Lived in Iowa Town This Is a typical scene along the rivers of northeastern Iowa. W ™ wasutaken by Robe rt O. Blckel of Cedar Rapids near Bluffton, Wlnneshlek county, on a trip of more than 500 miles taking moving pictures of northeastern Iowa's rivers. Indian Massacre Plum Creek 1852 lve,h,h - t onK the banks °< the Turkey Klver that he received the Inspiration for his famed "Humoresque" which was written later. Jameu During the winter, Richard Par- A number of the settlers finally rott and Lyman Craw took cabins » -"• •--• «"•"» unaiiy on the east side of the river, about hree miles above Algona; also Henry Linder, a live young Hoosler, claimed "Llnder's Grove", now 'Palne's Grove" In Portland town- ihlp. he cTreek took Its name from him. ftettle In Portland About the latter part of the year, 8.14, there came to this locality, .'harlen Kanton, an Englishman, a man of years and well Informed but •urlous In hlt> ways, and to this day oken of an an oddity. ('hrlsllan Hackman also took a claim In what Is now fresco town"hip. He, with a party by the name of Daniel Hill, setm to clone the Tiumber of pioneers for that year. Karly in the spring of 18M, Solomon Hand and u Mr. Btimon made claims In the county. The first of May, IhM, the pioneers of the Whltinsvllle colony arrived. These were Jurnei! L,. 1'alne Krincls C. Klst, Alexander Hrowni Sr., Alexander Hrown. Jr. Barney Holland and Robert Brown. Paine and Rlst took claims on section 12, Algona township. Mr. Hrown bought out old Daniel Hill and took other lands adjoining In Cresco, and Barney Holland and Robert Brown took up claims In the same vicinity. Both of these latter left the county after but a short stay, going bui k to Massachusetts. Uarter Oxen fur Land In Marrh, J. W Moore, accompanied by Jacob C. Cummins, nrrlv- ed. Mr. Moore wa.s a man of consid (.•ruble means, and bought several timber claims, us well us an interest In the town bite. Thehe were til- lirst cluim* trunuferreij for a consideration, ullhuugh Mr, Chambers hint previously olU-rc.l Ambrose A Cull a yoke of oxen fur his nnd his brother's claim on the town bite, including the grove north of the town. Among the other settlers of 18,15 may be found the names of Jacob C. Wright. Reuben Purcell, Thoiruis and John Robinson, Benjamin UenttU-y George Smith. August Zalton. L I,. Trent, Keiidul Young. D. W. ICinx, Lewis H. Smith. Corydon Craw E Land and Hirarn Wiltfong I» Julj, 18M, u largu bujid of Iiuliiuik (ujiit- kilo the ketUe- lanat; Uu-y were impudent tuul troubleauint*, Utkiilg i-verytlUim tluiy could lay Uu-ir liaiitis wi whrii they found u cabin witii the oecupiuit abw-nt, or whenever they could InUjnidaU? by tliri-nU. In one or tuo Installer* li lollUioll SMMiied illeviUble, but wu» lituided by the douu. __ „..«, «whv*v(o jiiimiy armed themselves and went Into the camp, and ordered them off; they promised to go at sunrise the next morning, which promise they faithfully kept, making a straight trail in a northwestern direction. Many Arrival* In 1856 During the summer of ]8M, the population of the county nearly 60 Sac-Fox Attacked and Slaughtered Camp of i Sioux Families Cattle now graze peacefully ove the land, but the northwest qunrte of section 8, In what is now Plum Creek township, was once the battl ground of a major Indian war. Although the white men had en trenched themselves west of the Mis •Isslppl by 1880, and dictated to the Indians, the latter still maintained their Inter-tribal wars and especially two tribes, the Sioux and the Sacs nnd Foxes were on particularly bit ter terms. The battle which oc curred In the Plum Creek region was not witnessed by white mci quadrupled. Among*he more prominent arrivals were: Barnee nnd J. Dcvinc, Joseph Raney, Lcvl Parsons, L. fox. Klnsey Carlon, C. C. Carlon, William Carter, D. W. and Matthew Sample, George Wheeler, Charles rlarvey, Luther Bullls. G. S. Jones md his sons, George Blotteubcrger, fohn, Charles H., and Jesse Mngoon, '. E. Stacy, Rev. Chauncey Taylor, John Heckart, Michael Relbhoff, J. J. Oreen, H. A. Henderson, Frank Harrison, Thomas Whltehead, Rod- srlck M. Bessie, Robert Moore, Willam Crey, Horace Schenck, James Roan, Rev. D. S. McComb, Luther and Sylvester a Rlst, Orange Mir.k- er, C. Gray, Oliver Benschoter, George E. Lowe, Havens W. Watson Toseph Thompson, William Green, ). W, Robinson, Jonathan Calendar George D. Wheeler, Ed Ferris. Willam B. Moore, Amos S. Collins. E J ilce, Gilbert W. Skinner, Amoj Otis, George P. Taylor, James Carran and others. nor did any of the early settlers learn about it for some time. It WHS nine years after the conflict before any of the settlers knew what Indians had been killed, who killed them and how they came to be slaughtered. The date of the engagement has been generally set as 1852. In the rpring of 1855 histories relate. Mr. Ingham started from his cabin on the Black Cat for a ride up tha river to see what kind of timber was growing along Its banks. Wary of Indians who might be prowling the country he rode cautiously In a northeasterly direction until he came upon the northwest corner of section eight in what Is now Plum Creek township. There he cnme across a scene such as few white men ever saw. Scattered over an area of three or four acres were hu man skeletons bleaching in the sun ihowing that at some time there hac >een a massacre in some battle The skulls were not those of husky warriors but mainly of the aged ant f children who had been tomahawk ed or shot down while trying to es cape from the attackers. The bones narking the. spots where the vie Ims fell had apparently been llttli disturbed since the day of the hat tie. For several years after peopl ( speculated on the event, who the participants might have been ant what were the causes. Finally In formation wan pieced togethe which told the story fairly accurate For Employment and Careers in Business or Government Service: Hamilton School of Commerce oftVrn .specialized c-oursos in training to men and women who seek temporary or permanent employment leading to careers in business or government service. High school graduates and former college students who will .seek service and opportunity in these fields are invited to send for information. Commerce i.s an especially promising field for those who have taste and capacity for it. The school maintains a faculty of business-subject specialists, keeps in dose contact with business and professional men who arc generous employers of the school's graduates and alumni. Call, write or phone for information. FALL TERM BEGINS SEPTEMBER 5 Hamilton School of Commerce Mason City, Iowa It Is believed that the Musduaka tribe of Sacs and Foxes living in Tama cunty went up past Clear Lake to what was then "neutral ground." At Clear Lake they learned that the Sioux, their traditional enemies, were encamped on the west side of the East Fork of the Des Moines river. A sub-chief, Ko-ko- wah, led a party of 60 warriors to attack them. They arrived at night and concealed themselves around the camp, waiting until morning to attack. At dawn they fell upon the surprised Sioux before they were aware of their predicament and al- though for a while the battle was desperate, the advantage was all on the side of the attacking Sacs and Foxes who completely slaughtered the band of their traditional foe. The winding Des Moines river still flows on Its way through the country separating the territory just as It once divided two hostile tribes, but little remains of the tragic battle In which so many red men were killed by their racial brothers except for an occasional weapon or bone. Did you know—That Iowa once declared war on Missouri? Did you know—That the second permanent white settlement In Iowa, was founded by an army officer because the War Department had commanded him to get rid of his wife?- Did you know —That a "neighboring state In 1814 offered ft bounty on Indians of $100 & head, re* gardless of tribe, age or sex? Did you know—That lowi's first governor was an Ohtoan, whose wlf» stayed in Ohio because Iowa was still regarded as an unsafe placa for whites to live? , lad "Mother and Daddy are near and the telephone is always dose by. It doesn't go to sleep. All through the night it stands guard over you and millions of other little girls and boys." Each night, hundreds of thousands of calls are made over lines of this Company. Many are caused by sudden, urgent needs. Great as is the every-day usefulness of the telephone, it is of even greater value in emergencies. Telephone calls cannot be manufactured in advance. Each and every one must be made singly ... made to your order whenever that order conies. We can do this only by being prepared ..'. by having the equipment and trained employees ready to serve you at all times. Iowa's Centennial Year and Kossuth County's March of Progress NO COMMUNITY, and no state, stands still. They cither move forward or slide backward. IOWA HAS moved forward treiimedously in 100 yt'in-n ;and Kossuth county has done its share toward helping that progress. SERVICE AND cooperation bring achievement in civic progress or business progress. With that thought in mind, this bank is striving with all its vigor, to serve, to assist, to please. THE OFFICERS and directors of this bank welcome you to Algona 's March of Progress celebra^ tion, observing the Iowa Centennial year, We invite you to come in and visit, to make yourselves at home, to enjoy the hospitality of "The Friendly City. ' ' IT WILL BE A PLEASURE AND A PRIVILEGE TO SERVE SECURITY STATE BANK YOU I C. B. B. W. vu. , T . , O. D . „.