The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on August 16, 1938 · Page 13
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 13

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Algona, Iowa
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Tuesday, August 16, 1938
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Pioneer Section - 8 Pages - March of Progress Edition airjona (Upper ZDrs jfflome* Established 1865 ALGONA, IOWA, TUESDAY, AUGUST 1«, VOL :i7.—NO. Kossuth Was Sioux Hunting Ground Mere 87 Years Ago GOVT.PAIDSc ' ACRE FOR ALL N.JOWAAREA County Seat, Factional Fights Kept Pioneers Plenty Busy KogRuth county was part of the Sioux Indians' hunting grounds until 1861. In an effort to promote peace between the ever-warring Sioux and the Sac and Fox Indians, the United States government called their leaders to a conference. On August 19,1825, they signed a treaty, the Sioux agreeing to stay north, the 8acs and Foxes south of a line drawn from the Mississippi River to the Det Molnes River in Humboldt comity. Five years later these tribes signed a second treaty, each giving a twenty mile wide strip on their side of the line to form a neutral ground where each could hunt but none flght. The southeastern corner of Kossuth county was part of this Neutral Ground. In 1832, In exchange for their lands east of the Mississippi River, the Winnebagoes were given this strip for a reservation. Bought Land—Ac an Acre The United States government purchased the last Indian lands In Iowa In 1*51 from the Sioux., This purchase Included most of the state of Minnesota and several northern counties in Iowa, Including most of Kossuth county. The purchase price averaged a little more than eight cents an acre. Scattered bands of Sioux Indians ranged these lands for several yea/s after this treaty. Boundary History When the Iowa Territory was created and approved by an act of congress on June 12, 1838, It Included the territory between the Mississippi and Missouri rivers'north of the State of Missouri to the Canadian line, At the first constitutional convention In 1844. the Lucas boundaries were adopted from mid- channel of the Mississippi on the east, along the Sullivan line of 1816 on the south to the Missouri River, north to the mouth of the Calumet or BlR Sioux River, thence dlagonnlly to the northeast whcrs the Watonwan nnd St, Peters rivers flow to the MlfmlsBlppl. Congress wan unwilling to accept these boundaries nnd substituted the N'loollf't bniindnrlr.s on Mnrch 3, 1845. J. M. Nicolett (HOC History of Emmet and Dickinson County 1917, p.2 47> had surveyed and i mapped the upper Mississippi Val- j ley one hundred years ago. He rec- [ ommendcd the formation of a state whose western boundary was the meridian of 17 degrees 30' wesf longitude roughly on the watershed of Iowa, nnd north to St. Peters River. The people of Iowa twice reject- the Constitution of 1844 on this account. After much debate, as defined In the constlutlons of 1846 and 1857. the northern boundary was fixed on the parallel of 43 degrees 30* from the Big Sioux River to the Mississippi. After Iowa became a state Congress finally passed an act on March 3. 1849 ordering the northern boundary to be surveyed. Asiatic cholera prevented the work In the summer of 1849. Then a lack of money caused further delay. During the spring and Hummer of 1852 the work WHS finally done. The line was two hundred and sixty-eight miles, sixty-five chains (each chain 66 feet) and eighty-six links long. The total cost of making this survey and mnrking with iron stakes each section corner was $36,347.38. Most of these stakes have disappeared, the houndarv line being practically obliterated. C'ounty Organization Kossuth county was established on January 15, 1851, when the General Assembly created fifty counties. It was named In honor of Louis Kossuth. the famed Hungarian patriot whose career was of special Interest to liberty-loving peoples. After the revolution of 1848 he came to America, speaking In many American cities. On January 24, 1855, an act was passed by the legislature, "to extend the boundaries of Kossuth and to locate the.seat of justice, thereof." By the terms of this act the counties of Bancroft and Humboldt were blotted out, Bancroft and the northern half of Humboldt being made part of Kossuth county. On January 28. 1857. eight townships were taken from Konsuth to form Humboldt county with part of former Webster county. On May 18. 1870. the General Assembly created the one hundredth county out of northern Kossuth, calling It Crocker countv. This act was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court on December 11, 1871, and the new county ceased to exist. Kossuth county was originally attached to Webster county for judicial and revenue purposes in January, 1855. In August of that year the organizing election was held in Kossuth The first officers were Asa C. Call, countv judge; Robert Cogley, clerk of the court: J. W. Moore, county recorder and treasurer; and Lewis H. Smith, surveyor. County Sent Problem In the January 24, 1855, legislative act the county seat was located oil the southwest quarter of section two in township ninety-five north, mngu twenty-nine west." In the spring "Iowa" Is Indian Word, Meaning "A Beautiful Land" Several stories and more than one meaning surround the word "Iowa", which is generaly accepted as "The Beautiful Land',, even In the face of authorities who have said this translation Is erroneous. When Black Hawk and his Sac Indians overspread Iowa, the use of the word became general. It signified "This la the place." It was used also to mean "Cross.or going over." "This Is the place" is understood to be the true meaning of the word, and signifies that it was a good place to camp. The word "Iowa", was originally "KlowaV The Indians were partial to the letter 1C" and It occurs more than once In most of the important words in their language. An Illustration of the way the word was used 100 years ago has been given by several authorities. If a party of Indians were travel- Ing, when camping-time cam* and the chief found a suitable spot, he would exclaim "Kiowa", and the party understood it was a good place to camp. , EARLY SETTLERS LIKED TO JOKE, PUUWHIZZERS Teetered Building During Sermon; Girls Made up "Soap" ties Typical of the pioneer days was the rough humor of the time. The early settlers lived In a hard dangerous environment and their sense of humor was warped according to the world In which they lived. Rev. D. S. McComb, a preacher who used to cViduct religious services at Algona and Irvlngton, wns often the butt of practical jokes at the hands of the youths of the com- tnunltles. On one occasion at Irvington he was preaching In the old town hall. Tommy Clark, a notorious jokester, got a long pry pole and placed one end of It under the southeast corner of the building. After placing a fulcrum under the pole he mounted the end, "teetering" preacher and congregation while the building squeaked find the congregation giggled. After the preacher had been sufficiently rocked lie remarked In his sing-song voice: "When I entered the hall today I policed the devil In Tommy Clark'a eye." Kilt* "Soup Pie" Doctor Armstrong of Irvlngton was once the victim of a joke which refused to fire. Three young ladles of the neighborhood, Nancy Allison and the two Cogiey girls made three soap pies and sent them to some young men who lived together In a hall. The young fellows invited the doctor In to visit and arranged to be eating when he arrived. As soon as ne came In and sat down he was offered a piece of the "soap" pie. He bit off about a quarter of it whjle the crowd of young men laughed uproariously. However, Doctor Armstrong continued to eat the trick pie and when he finished rose to go home saying, "Boys that Is the best pie I ever tasted. When you get any more like that let me know and I will come up and help you eat it. Good night" Heal Heroism Not a practical joke, but just an funny to those who witnessed It, was the performance of Tommy Clark, the church-rocker, on another occasion. In that day skunks were continually killing chic-hens because the houses were not tight enough to hold them out. One farmer hda a half-cave hen house and while Tommy Clark was there It was discovered that a skunk was In the cave killing chickens. Just how the striped-backed animal was to be driven from the cavn was a puzzle to the family. Tommy however, conceived of a plan by which It could be accomplished and proposed to execute It himself. With his accustomed smllo on his face he plunged into the hole and disappeared. Presently there was ft shriek of pain and then Tommy emerged, dragging his victim by the tail to Its doom. His clothes, however, were ruined and he was nearly blinded. Did you know —That five futurn presidents participated in the Black Hawk War? of 1858 a town was laid out at this point and given the name of Algona by Mrs. Asa C. Call, first woman resident of the county. Last Indian Fight About six miles above Algona on the west side of the river in April, 1862, a fight took place between a band of Musquaka (Sac and Fox) Indians and a band of Sioux. William Burgart, u trapper, told early settlers of the incident. About sixty Musquaka warriors, while at Clear Lake, heard of the bund of Sioux and determined to attack them, led by Ko-ko-wah. They attacked the Sioux at down. Sixteen Sioux Indians including somu women and children were killed. The Musquukas lost four braves. They hurried back to their rump neur Tamu with a fourteen year old prisoner whom they burned. The location of this conflict in section 8. township 96, range 28. Marketing Cattle, Hogs, Had Its Woes- Drove Cattle to Iowa City "Hard Times" Were Real in 1861—Read This and You'll Agree In this day of modernism people have almost forgotten the "hard times" in the old days. In the pioneer period, communication facilities as we know them were almost non-existent and news carried by word of mouth was the only means of learning what was go- Ing on In the outside world. Under such circumstances hard times were even more depressing. No class of settlers felt the pressure of hard times more than the farmer who depended on his crops alone for money to meet all expenses. Much of the land at that time waa cold, sour and non-produc- tive. The plowed land still possessed Its wild nature and the ponds, by retaining the water, made the adjoining land when plowed, hang to the mouldboards Hke putty. The Implements being poor, the cultivation was far from being good. Foul weeds and grasses choked out the crops as a result, and the farmer had but little to show for his summer's work when the harvest was over and the thresh bills paid. Of course those on the higher and more choice tracts fared better, but as a rule no money was made, while nothing was raised but crops which could not be taken, to th-3 far-away markets. The farmer with nothing but a little grain and a few head of stock to dispose of was always placed at a disadvantage when he tried to convert his stock Into cash; for stock buyers seldom bought except from those who had herds of considerable size. It was the farmer who was compelled to drive his few head of cattle to a distant market that felt the sting of hard times. In the fall of 1861, Richard Hodges drove 13 cows all the way to Iowa City and was forced to sell them for $10 a head. In Irvlngton, Thomas Roblson, D. W. Sample and Jacob Wright took their hogs to Cedar Falls and sold them dressed for $2.18 per hundred pounds. During the Civil War substitutes were procured for many articles that were expensive. Chewing tobacco was so high that only, the more well-to-do could afford to buy it, so calamus or sweet flag root was used instead. A mixture of red sumac bark and leaves and the bark of the red willow were used instead. There were more substitutes for coffee than for any other article. Among them were corn that had been scorched and brown (which no one ever liked) ground, browned dark barley, which was little better, browned bread crumbj mixed with sorghum, sliced carrots which haa been browned and sll.-ej beets prepared the same way. Sage was it ?d extensively RICH RESOURCES OF 1838 REQUIRE CONSERVING NOW A land with n great future, rich in minerals, rich In soil thnt would grow grent crops, rich In wild game —that was the picture of the territory of Town painted by writers of the day 100 years ago. Today the picture haH changed and "Iowa must conserve her resources for the next 100 years" Is rapidly becoming the watchword of everyone. Here are some phases of the conservation program worth thinking about at this time as county after county gives review of Its first 100 years of progress. Two hundred thousand acres of Iowa soil have been abandoned because of erosion damage that can not be repaired. Four million acres are seriously gullied; eight million to 12 million acres are losing topsoil at the rate of one inch in from four to 20 years. Only 13 per cont of lows soil has escaped serious erosion. Thirty billion tons of soil have been washed away from Iowa land since Its cultivation wns begun; this represents 35 per cent of the original surface sol). Five hundred years were required for nature to build each Inch of southern Iowa soil; one Iowa farmer measured 20 Inches of topsoil carried Into a lowland pasture dur Ing a single June rain. Erosion is destroying the land fast enough to nullify the benefits of Improved machinery and crop management. Valuable work Is being done to cope with this problem today. Terracing, the building of pas tures, the planting of trees In gul lies, and the raising of crops that are not soil loosening, are measures being taken. The federal government Is assisting in this big project to save Iowa land. The state Is acting to save Iowa's wild game and keep Iowa's lakes and streams stocked with good fish Pioneer Governor Married Because She Jumps Fence Because a sprightly young woman jumped a fence rather than merely climbing It, she became tho wife of Iowa's first territorial governor, General Robert Lucas, first territorial governor of lown, was returning from a session of the legis* lature in Columbus, Ohio, with ft friend, some years before he came to Iowa. They neared a farm liouse. A comely young woman left the house and went toward the barn carrying a milk pall In each finnd. She would either have to climb over the fence or let down or Jump the bars. The governor said to his companion that If the young lady •prang over the bars he would marry her. The word was given the deed for she showed her natural tpryness by leaping the bars. In due time, she became the second wife of General Lucas. Ill /filltt • e . So Let's Be Happy HNl BAD WOLVES are on tin- run ;ill over Iowa, and like the Ilinv little pi^s, we know we're marching down the road to better limes. M K'liK THAXKI'TL for many tilings; for the line subscription following we have; for the line adverti.-intf and commercial printing volume we enjoy; for the many kind friends and associates with whom we deal. FAITH IN IOWA'S FUTURE IS WELL FOUNDED The Algona Upper Des Moines Kossnth County's 1'ioneer Newspaper—Established in IHo'.j J. W. Haggard and R. B. Waller, Publishers II You Want To Prove That It's a Rainbow— Here's Evidence ... 1—Iowa farm income for the first two months of this year as reported by The U. S. Dent, of Agriculture wus 24 million dullard more than in the stme two months la*t year —fhe lai,.' ..t gain in The United States. 2—New house building in 16 major Iowa citi«s increased 24',i; this March us compared with March ,1934. 3—Check tranactious in banks of 8 major Iowa cities, a good inJex of general business, were 27'J higher for the first three months of this yew than in the same period last year. 4—New car sales, an A-l index of buying ability, increased 100! i ia January and 80'. L- in February over thu o^rin) months in 1934. 6—Iowa moisture U above normal. This state has escaped dual sU/iuis which haw ruined crops and livestock chiuict* in large areas of the southwest. HI 1 liiVI'RS Own

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