Page 1 article text (OCR)
BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOly. XLIX—NO. 141 Blytheville Courier Blyth«vlll« Dally Mm UlMlulppl Valley Leader Blytluvllle Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Or MORTHKAgT ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1953 TEN PAGES New Air Force Cuts Labelled 'Shocking' By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Two Democratic senators today labelled a reduction in the Air Force's production program "shocking" and "dangerous," and Sen. Potter (R-Mich) asked for disclosure of all the facts involved in the 750 million dollar' cutback. Senatorial criticism began to erupt with publication of reports, later modified that plans to purchase 1,000 planes had been cancelled. The aircraft reduction is apart from the five billion dollars cut earlier this year from the Air Force budget. However, James H. Douglas, acting secretary of the Air Force, told newsmen the striking power Would not be effected "materially" Instead, he declared, it followed from revised estimates of what the Air Force needs and will release money for other types of aircraft, »ome perhaps to be obligated this fiscal year. Douglas also said that while some existing contracts were affected, it was mainly future aircraft procurement plans that were hit. Secretary of Defense Wilson, announcing the reduction in St.Louis yesterday, said changes were being made "so we can spend the money for the right thing at the right time and for the right purpose." He declared the reduction would not affect the current production rate of 1,000 airplanes a month, nor prevent the Air Force from reaching its goal of 120 wings. Sens. Hill (D-Ala), a member of the Senate Appropriations Committee, and Stennis (E-Miss), an Armed Services Committee member, voiced doubts that sufficient new orders will be forthcoming to prevent a reduction in over-all planned air strength. Repudiates Commitments Hill said in an Interview he regards the contract cancellation as "a shocking repudiation of the commitments made to Congress by Secretary Wilson that there would be no reduction in plane production." Hill declared, "This reduction seems to have been made in the sanie careless spirit in which the previous five billion dollar cut was made in Air Force appropriations requests. "It is striking that only two weeks ago we confirmed the fact that the Russians had exploded a hydrogen bomb," Hill predicted the Appropriations Committee will call on Wilson for an explanation at the first opportunity. Stennis said in a statement that my reduction in the Air Force would constitute "a dangerous risk to our security and represent a course of action out of keeping with the get-tough-to-the-Reds speech" Secretary of State Dulles .made Wednesday in St.Louis. "Mr. Dulles talked of a war with the Reds that would involve us on the mainland of Asia where we are vastly outnumbered in manpower," Stennis said. "At the time he w speaking, the civilian authoriti at the Pentagon were cutting o Air Force, which had already lit get." Jet Bombers Cancelled Douglas said orders for 151 five billions slashed from its bu cancelled and also plans for the speedy B47 jet bombers will b mpr eB47s. Other planned procui meat now cancelled, he said, i eludes 579 fighter-bomber type primary trainers, 141 bas trainers and 10 helicopters. He said the revision in the pr jxperts of the Air Force itself an duction program had been made b approved by the Air Force chief staff two weeks ago. He added tha among the factors that made th revision possible were the end c See AIR FORCE Page 5 SINGLE COPIES FIVE CEMT» W. German Socialists Hurl New Denunciations at Dulles By DON DOANE BONN, Germany (AP) — West German Socialists hurled fresh denunciations toda at U. S. Secretary of State Dulles in an effort to turn his open support for re-electior of pro-Amsrican Chancellor Konrad Adenauer into a boomerang which would sweep th neutralist opposition to power. The anti-Communist Socialists— who are also anti-rearmament and anti-alliance with either East or West—jumped with both feet on Dulles' statement yesterday at a Washington news conference that defeat of Adenauer would delay solution of the problem of this devided country. Socialist Chief Erich Ollenhauer charged the United States with "shocking political interference' in the campaign leading up to nex! Sunday's voting. Hamburg's Socialist Mayor Max Brauer, formerly a naturalized American citizen, said he i "completely revolted" by the Dulles statement, which overnighl has become the hottest Issue in the Gen. Dean Is Released; Record 275 Americans Promised Tomorrow By GEORGE A. McARTHUR PANMUNJOM (AP) — The Reds finally freed U. S. Maj. Gen. William F. Dean today and promised a record-breaking 275. Americans for tomorrow, the next to last day of the Korean War prisoner exchange. Caked with dust, his hair now white, Dean rode a jeep back to freedom — No. 91 of 95 Americans freed today. Three long and lonely years of* __ Red captivity were behind the gaunt former commander of the 24th Division. He won a Medal of Honor battling the Reds alongside his soldiers In the bloody streets of Tae- joh In the birth of the war—then was turned over to the Reds by a t traitorous Korean alter he was cut * off from his own troops. Dean told of three empty years In a Red prison without once seeing another American. "e told of grueling sessions of QL" stioning—one time for 68 sleepless hours. Except for the questioning and long marches, Dean said, the Reds treated him reasonably well, especially in the latter part of his captivity. However, the 54-year-old general ihowed the wear of his three years under Communism. His hair, once though he appeared healthy, he was obviously thin under the faded blue uniform of a prisoner of war. Dean was greeted by cheers nnd echoing applause at the exchange point. Detained Briefly A Red official detained him lii the jeep briefly to check off his name on a list, then waved him down into a cluster of Americans. Almost immediately, Dean asked about his men of the 24th Division. From Panmunjom he Was taken to nearby Freedom Village, where he was met by top officers, In. eluding Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor. ! There, Dean's bright eyes and broad smile showed his feeling as he said: "I am certainly happy to be back and to be home . . . You all look better to me than I do to you, I'm sure. Gen. Mart Clark, U.N, Par East commander, flew from his Tokyo headquarters to greet the return- Ing soldier. ' Spokesmen said Dean would be flown to Japan Saturday after a checkup at a military hospital In Seoul. In a ceremony 'at the hospital, President Syngman Rhce personally pinned on Dean's chest South Korea's highest military award, the Tacguk Medal with gold star. The 216 Americans coming back Saturday will be by for the largest number returner! on any tingle 6 American Jets Crash in Japan Five Sabre Pilots Reported Safe; One Still Missing TOKYO (iPI — Six American je fighters crashed in western Japan today after running out of fuel ir "Vile weather," the air force said Five pilots were reported safe, but the sixth was still missing late tonight. The air force said five Sabres were lost in one flight and an F84 Thunderjet was lost in another. The Sabre is the hottest U. S. fighter plane on regular duty; the Thunderjet Is slightly older. The air force said three pilots crash-landed with only minor injuries, and two others parachuted ir^ a were listed as "probably .afe." The sixth—one of the Sabre pilots —was missing somewhere in the same general area where the others went down. The air force blamed a violent weather front that built up suddenly a<~-l slapped a lid over the jet's ft.;. >n bases. "Unablu to find fc hole In the Bense clouds,., J 'l'he' jeifinallyran spokesman said, "but they have a very limited fuel capacity. The weather was y"« ''and apparently they could n*-' 'ike normal In- *- strument appro; t _^ The Far East <n ,/^rces said the Sabres were.viiylug,' from a maintenance base" at Klsarazu on the east side of /Tokyo Bay to Tsuiki Air Base'o)C Western Honshu, Japan's main' island. Hayti Soldier Freed by Reds HAYTI — On the official list of American prisoners of war freed by the Communists Friday at Pan- munjom was Sgt. 1-c Emery H. Womblc of Hnytl, Mo., who served with the Second Division. He Is the husband of Mrs. Mildred Joyce Wombl*. , closing days of the campaign. Adolf Arndt, a leading Socialis member of Parliament, said th in the German election degrades "intervention by Secretary Dulle and insults the whole German people." The Socialist Party—chief oppo sition Jo Adenauer's Christian Dem ocrats'and'two, allied parties in the present coalition—issued an officia protest statement. Neutrality Biff Issue "This is a vicious attempt by the American^ government to interfere in the German election," the Socialist party protest said. "One of the most shocking political interferences in this election campaign," Socialist Chairman Erich Oienhauer echoed in a campaign speech last night. "The American government must not complain if this causes an anti-American reaction from the ierman people," Ollenhsoier warned. It is no secret that most American officials hope Adenauer will win and approve his program of rearmament in close alliance with he West. By contrast, they oppose .he Socialists' advocacy of neutral- ty in the cold war. The choice )etween the two policies has been he major campaign Issue. For two years, however, the American High Commission office has been promoting increased German sovereignty and carefully avoiding intervention in German self-government. Whether Dulles' statement helps Adenauer or hurts him in the election, Americans conceded privately It was very likely to stir German resentment. Adenauer, however, strongly defended Dulles right to comment on the election. He told a campaign rally in Bonn that Dulles' opinion of who should win is "important because he has a detached view of what is happening in our campaign." Adenauer also told the Bonn voters they must decide in Sun- China Issue Soviet to Press For Searing Of Peiping Regime By MAX HARRELSON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. — The United States will propose that the coming U. N. General Assembly, postpone the question of seating Red China for another year, informed quarters said today. These sources said the United States already has consulted some delegations and is confident the Assembly will sidetrack the issue, at least until its 1954 session. , Soviet Derogate Andrei Y. Vlsh- insky served notice two weeks ago that he would press to seat the Peiping regime when the Assembly opens its three-month 1953 session Sept. 15. Since then the Soviet newspaper Pravda has been giving the China representation question a big buildup. It insisted that the seating of the Chinese Communist government in the U. N. is "an absolute precondition" to the preservation and consolidation of international peace. The Americans, however, have decided to follow the same procedure they used last fall to avoid a showdown on the seating of the Chinese Reds. At that time, the United States succeeded in pushing .hrough a resolution saying simply :hat the Assembly would postpone for the duration of its seventh session consideration of ail proposals to exclude Nationalist China and seat Red China. Situation Changed The United States won an easy ictory then because the Chinese Communists were fighting U. N. orces in Korea. Many of the 17 CJ. N. members which have rec- jgnized the Peiping regime voted or postponement. The U. S. proposal was adopted 42-7 with 11 na- ions abstaining. Only the five Sovet bloc countries, India and Indo- esia voted against the postponement. The situation has changed some/hat as a result of the Korean rmistice, but the United States 'ill contend that the China repre- Air Base Here Pending Review by Joint Chiefs ELECTROCARDIOGRAPH FOR OSCEOLA — Officials of the Mississippi County Heart Association and Thad Connally, county hospital manager, are pictured with a new electrocardiograph which State heart, association officials have notified the Mississippi County group that the latter was the first county organization to purchase an electrocardiograph. ! The county association was permitted to retain 50 per cent of the $3,300 it colected for the National Heart Association this year. This money will be used for the two electrocardiographs and to conduct county-wide heart clinics for school children later this fall. - was purchased for the county hospital at Osceola by the association. Similar machine will be purchased for the county hospital unit at Blytheville when (and if) it opens. (Courier News Photo) Pictured above are (from the left) I. D. Shedd, Manila, county association president; Mrs. Dick Watson, 1953 county fund drive chairman; Jimmie Sanders, city fund drive chairman, and Mr. Connally. entation question should await the utcome of the forthcoming Ko- ean peace conference", at which ~\e Peiping government will play leading role. Some of the Western Allies, as ell as some neutrals, have made iclarations recently favoring the dmission of Red China to the U.N. it most of them have refrained om committing themselves to ipporting such action at the com- g session. This is true of Britain, Norway, iveden and Denmark. Spokesmen for those countries ere say they have not yet re- eived any final instructions. The United States is understood be particularly anxious not to ave another open split with Brit- n and other major allies so soon ter the recent differences over dia's inclusion in the Korean eace conference. Wiley Calls for Showdown On UN Rightto Fire Employes WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Wiley (R-Wis) today called for a showdown fight to ilif U urUiifli.in 4-ii « TT^.»*^-1 TVT^ii * - i__i" n . . . . - °_ Decision Slated To Be Made after First of the Year Hopes for quick action on reactivation of Elytheville's air base went into a tailspin yesterday when the Joint Chiefs of Staff put their collective hands on the throttle and brought designing and planning work on the long- sought project to a halt. ' The Joint Chiefs, the nation's highest military authority, issued a statement saying they have ordered work on the base stopped until they can review the project. Best guesses seemed to place the review for sometime after the first of the year. The statement by the JCS made no reference to deletion, of the Blytheville base. ' The terse announcement from ;he JCS and issued through the Department of Defense gave no hint as to what might be in store when reactivation plans are reviewed. It noted that $44,000 has already been spent in planning, surveying and designing. Chamber of Commerce earlier iad compiled a brief on reactiva- ,ion activities here which purport ,o show the community is out more than a half-million dollars In its efforts to prepare for the project. Strategic Air Command officials when notified by local citizens yes- erday expressed amazement over he announcement. SAC had no news regarding the review and one officer said he had spent a good portion of Wednesday light putting the finishing touches o plans for the base here. Congressman B. C. (Took) Gath- ngs took a gloomy look at the re- -iew decision by the JCS. He reportedly told local people ast night that it meant reactiva- loh plan's ior Blytheville are being crapped. Mayor Dan Blodgett headed * day's election "whether you want the six Ger- America, Britain and Schuman plan nations many's friends, or whether Germany turns Its back on these nations." "Grmany needs friends," he _ u uuiu warned. "Without strong friendsj terested in promoting our Sermany can never attain reunification." Red Plot Shattered Ollenhauer attacked Adenauer's "policy of strength" in a radio address last night and predicted it would lead to Germany's ruin instead of its reunification. ,,• "The German people si '. '1 .remember where cr,-.e the policy if military strength led them," the Socialist chief.declared. He argued, tint West Germany must remain u.'- .. "3d and neutral fit expect-ajjI^VI:. Russia to consider gi- '"fFT: us occupation of East Germti,-,: Adenauer countered by asking, 'WHat woulr 1 be the future of a neutralized f: irmany lying between he Russians on one side and Prance with its big Communist party on the other? We would be a second or third class power- no-man's land that could not defend itself." The dispute over Dulles' statement temporarily shoved into tho 'ackground. the menace of big- cale violence by Communist thugs ent In to wreck the voting. The West German Interior Mln- IM OUMANY P»«e » Booster Club v4eets Tonight Film and Business Session Scheduled Blytheville's Booster Club hti icduled a meeting for the sports- nded public at YMCA in City ill tonight at 7:30. On tap will be a film on "Modern otball" and a general discussion of the club and its organization. Herb Childs. one of the organization's founders, pointed out that all sports fans, "women Included," are Invited. "We want the public to know just what we stand for and of our program for bettering relations with other towns and schools. We think every Blytheville fan should be in- high establish whether the United Nations can properly fire any of its American employes whose i locnl delegation which motored to loyalty to the U. S. government is questioned ' West Memphis, this morning to con- Wiley said in an interview that the U. N. General Assembly has full power to re- fer Mr< Oathing5 verse a decision of its administrative tribunal that 11 Americans wore illegally discharged for refusing to answer some questions during U. S. loyalty probes The tribunal on Tuesday neld*— ___: jphool and Junior high school ath- leti. teams, which represent the city over several states," Mr. Childs said. Other business on tonight's agenda includes drafting plans for welcoming Osceola's team when it comes to Blytheville one week from today to ring up the curtain on the 1953 football season. * The boosters plan to meet the team at the outskirts of the city and provide an escort into town. Inside Today's Courier News Society News Page . . . Critical Months Ahead . , Editorials . . . Page 4 ... ... Southwest Conference Football Preview . . . Sport* . . . Page 6 ... . . . Farm News and Review . . . Page 7 ... r . . . Second In Series of Guerrilla W»r In Korea by Fred Sparks . . . p a)te 10 . . . ... Comics and Television Schedules . . . Page » , . , that the U. N. should rehlre f.iur of the 11 and pay damages to seven who wanted money rather than employment. Dag Hammarskjold, U, N. secretary-general, announced Wednesday night he would not rehire the four but would recommend payment of damages to all 11. "I am Rlad that Secretary Ham- marskjold decided against reinstatement of the four dismissed Americans,' Wiley said, "but I do not like to see these or any of the other seven paid a single penny." Wiley Is chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and served as one of this country's delegates to the recent U. N. Assembly session on the Korean truce. At U. N. headquarters in New York, Hammarskjoid's refusal to reinstate the four Americans won reserved approval from a number of'Delegates. Among them were some who had criticized the firings by Hammarskjoid's predecessor, Trygve Lie. U.S. Stand Veiled The U. S. delegation said Ham- marskjoid's decision was right and prr ;er. But a delegation spokes- irii-ii, on instructions from Wash- irjgton, refused any comment on wtlal stand the United States would take on -whether the Assembly shoul.i include the recommended damage awards in its budgeting. The damage and Sack salary awards made to the 11 are estimated to total more than $135,000. The U. S. share of U. N. costs runs about 35 per cent. Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis), during a surprise visit to the U. N. building yesterday, termed Hammarskjoid's action good, but reiterated that none of the 11 should be paid any money damages. The administrative tribunal was set up by the General Assembly as a court of appeals for the staff, and thus its decisions presumably would be subject to reversal by the assembly, as Wiley urged. Around U.N. headquarters, however, speculation was that the Assembly'Probably would be called refusal to budget money for the back salary and damaRe awards. Hammarskjoid's recommendations arc not expected before late this month or perhaps In October. Wiley conceded his proposal would touch off a heated debate, since a number of U.N. delegates "displayed many doubts" when the Americans were originally fired by We. Salesmanship Needed 'It will take quite a job of salesmanship to sell the General Assembly on the American viewpoint, but It Is B job which must be'done," Wiley said. PublicDueAccounting, Teachers Dae Respect Nicholson Regrets Pay Not Higher But Says 'I Am Not Ashamed of Our Salary Rates' School personnel owe a reasonable accounting of their stewardship to the public and in turn 'are entitled to public respect for their sincerity and skill in their jobs, Blytheville School Superintendent W. B. Nicholson told members of Blytheville's Rotary Club yesterday. In dlscusisng school problems, ary in the Blytheville district Is Mr. Nicholson emphasized that the $2,360, he said. This includes sal- ncome of teaching is not all mone- arles which range from $1194 to tary. "We teachers are fortunate i$4,618. "I am not ashamed of our salary dealing, for the most part, with rates. I regret that we can't do nice people and nice children, bettor. I would like to see all our There are many rewards in our teachers make more money But I work, but the person who is seek- feel we are doing pretty well with ing to accumulate wealth, should the resources we have available " not enter the teaching profession,". Better than 60 per cent of the he; stated I school budget goes to teacher sal- And there are some who think arles, he pointed out money could cure all the His of Scheduling salaries on basis of education. I don't agree with that education and experience was train of thought at all." called "unfair" by the Elytheville Average classroom teacher's sal- educator who this fall begins his ~" 11th year as head of the district. "It is just unfortunate there is no way to measure more accurately the worth of a teacher other Many to Get Long V/eek End Holiday Here A Labor Day holiday will mean a three-day weekend for several In Blytheville. Closed that day will be both banks, the Post Office, the Court House, the Draft Board and the State Revenue Department office. City offices are scheduled to remain open. Box service will be giv- than just on education and experience. I'm sure that some of those with the least of these two factors are among our most valuable teachers," he said. Parents only rarely make the acquaintance of their childrens' teacher, he lamented. "I would invite each of you to go to school and meet your child's teacher. It would be a pleasant surprise for the teacher, too." Mr. Nicholson was Introduced by Rotarian Kemper Bruton. NCPCfoGefSfafe Publicity Help Director of New Arkansas Agency Meets with Jayceej Craig Campbell, chairman of the Arkansas Publicity Commission, last night gave National Cotton Picking Contest officials assurance that his office would do all possible in helping publicize the contest throughout the state and nation. Meeting with a small group at the Dixie Pig last night, Mr. Campbell expressed his complete support of arid Interest in the contest which aims at focusing national attention on Blytheville, the state and the cotton industry. A new proposal for publicity at this year's contest, Injected at the meeting by Mr. Campbell, was the possibility of obtaining the famous Goodyear Blimp to tour the state prior to the two-flay event then coining to Blytheville for the contest Oct. 1 and 2. He felt confident that use of the blimp could be obtained. Activities to date in preparing lor this year's contest were discussed, and other plans for future development were made. Attending the meeting from Blytheville were Charles Moore, Jaycee chairman of the contest; Jimmie Edwards, Mississippi County State representative; Foy Etchieson, Rosco Crafton, J. C. Guard, J. L. Westbrook and George Anderson. and C. H. Buchanan, Osceola. en by the Post Office but there will I Guests at yesterday's meeting in- be no deliveries except of parcel eluded L. a Martin, Shaw, Miss, post and perishable Items. ~ Most .stores will be open. X-Ray Clinics To End Today More than 8,000 Mississippi Coun- Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy and cooler this afternoon and tonight; tians were expected to have re- mild Saturday; low tonight 45-55 celved free chest x-rays by the northwest tonight time the final clinic in a month-i MISSOURI — Fair tonisht and long, countywidc series ended to-! Saturday; cooler southeast tonlKht dfiy in Joiner. Maximum yc«orday_!,« In Dyess yesterday, 382 persons Minimum yettorday—72' were x-rayed. Since the clinics began Aug. 4, a total of 7,963 x-rays have been made. Registrars for yesterday's clinic were Mrs. Olllc Thames, chairman; Mrs. I. M. Wlnningham, Mrs. . . , Vcrnon Butler, Mrs. Richard Shcl- "The American people hove',ton, Mrs. Fred Dnllns, Mrs. Nor- every right to protest against any]man James and Mrs. Calvin Me- SM U.N. Ftp I Nalr, Sunset today—6:23. Sunrise tomorrow—5:35. Precipitation 'lost 24 hours to 6:30 p.m. ycHtcrdfiy—nono. :oan temperature (midway between Mi nlKh nnd low)—85. Precipitation Jan. l to date—32.7«. This n.ite Last Year Minimum yesterday—51. Maximum yesterday—31. Precipitation January 1 to dltt — Escapee Caught In Corn Field James Battles, Jr., 29, of Hammond, Ind., was apprehended last night by county law officers after his escape from the County Penal Farm Tuesday night, County Farm officials said this morning. Battles had been sentenced to the work farm from Municipal Court for 90 days on a charge of obtaining money under false pretenses. He had 32 days more to serve. He was found hiding in a corn field about one and a half miles west of the farm, the authorities • said. After having hurt his leg while working, he was left in the barracks while the headquarters of the farm was relatively deserted during working hours Officials of the farm said that h« evidently had picked the lock on the door of the barracks to escape. Battles Is wanted by tho FBI on stolen car charge, county farm officials said. The car missing From Hammond, Ind., was found !n Blytheville after Battlc» had >«n sent to UM county fura.