The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 25, 1954 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, May 25, 1954
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Page 7
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TUESDAY, MAY 25, 1954 BLYTHEVTLLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE SEVEN More Explicit Action by Court Needed on Segregation Issue By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON (AP) — It is not clear how far the United States Supreme Court intends to go at this time in outlawing segregation in places supported by public money. Last week it said segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. In several cases yesterday it might seem the court was extending its ban on segregation to college's and city- owned theaters and low-cost housing. Yet, the court yesterday also let stand a lower federal court decision that Negroes must be permitted to play on public golf links in Houston, Tex., but can be segregated. In its May 17 public school opinion the court said: ''We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." The decision was revolutionary in a social sense. For the first time in' 58 years the court said segregation is unlawful because it deprives Negro children of equal opportunity. In 1896 the Supreme Court had said segregation itself was all right so long as Negroes got treatment eqal to that given whites. Until now succeeding courts went along with the separate-but-equal doctrine. None banned segregation. But the court traditionally never says its opinion in one case applies to this, that or the other kind of case. It waits until other similar or releated cases come before it. For that reason, when the court said segregation must end in public schools but said nothing about • segregation being unlawful anywhere else, this question naturally arose: Will the court now say segregation must also end in colleges and other places supported by public funds, such as hospitals, bathing beaches, city-owned theaters and housing? There was no way of knowing until cases in those fields reached the court. But the court was considering some of them when it gave its May 17 opinion. Yesterday the court acted on some. Lower courts, in effect, had upheld months ago the barring of Negroes from the University of Florida, Louisiana State Univer- ity and a municipally owned theater in Louisville, Ky. Yesterday the high court told the lower courts to reconsider their rulings In the light of its public school opinion. Does this mean Negroes must now be admitted to tax-supported, colleges and to city-owned theaters? It would seem so from the Supreme Court's advice to the lower courts to re-examine their thinking on segregation. But, since the court didn't say so, the final answer will have to wait for future clarification, perhaps when the court is willing to be more explicit than it was yesterday. The court yesterday handled three other cases dealing with segregation. And in them, too. future clarification may be needed before it is clear how far the court intends to go. In one, a lower court banned segregation in low-cost housing in San Francisco. In a second a lower court banned segregation in a junior college at Wichita Falls. Tex. The Supreme Court let both the lower court decisions stand. But the third case was a puzzler. This was the case of Houston, which had barred Negroes from the public golf links. A lower court held that, although Negroes must be permitted to play on those links, they can be segregated. It laid down no firm rules. The' Supreme Court let that decision, stand. So while in the other cases the high court seemed to be turning thumbs down on segrega- ROYAL. FICURES-Called "King and Queen," these bronze figures represent the latest work of Henry Moore, famous modernistic sculptor. The life-size couple are on exhibition at a London, England, gallery U.S. Army Orders Conversion Of Military Scrip in Germany FRANKFURT, Germany (/P) — The U. S. Arm}" announced the conversion of its currency in Germany today and ordered all holders of military scrip to turn it in for the new issue by noon. No reason was given immediately for the action. In a similar move. U. S. Army headquarters in Tokyo said it was changing its scrip for the first time in nearly three years. The Tokyo report indicated the change was aimed "against black market operators in military currency. The military moved fast after publication of the conversion order, preparing to issue millions of new scrip dollars- Such changes are among the Army's best-kept secrets. An Army spokesman said the order would extend to scrip holders in France and England, where American personnel does its buying at post exchanges. He said those entitled to use military scrip who were temporarily outside Germany would be permitted exchange for the new issue "after filling out some affidavits." The order affected more than 200,000 servicemen and their dependents- in Germany. It was the fourth time since 1946 the Army ordered conversion of Its scrip. Previous conversions aimed largely at smashing black market operations. tion, in Houston it let a segregation ruling of the lower court go undisturbed. Kidnaper-Rapist Turned Author To Die July 30 SAN RAFAEL, Calif. naper-rapist Caryl Chessman if scheduled to die July 30. The stay of execution granted the convict-turned-author on the eve of his scheduled death in San Quentin's gas chamber May 14 was terminated yesterday and a new date set. Superior Judge Thomas E. Keating of Marin County denied a petition of habeas corpus and revoked his own previous order that stayed Chessman's execution. In Los Angeles, Superior Judge Charles W. Fricke, who presided at Chessman's trial, set the new execution date. Chessmans' attorney, Berwyn Rice, said he would appeal again to the State Supreme Court and the U. S. Supreme Court if necessary. Chessman attracted national attention recently with his autobio.- graphical best seller "Cell 2455, Death Row." Elton McCann Shirley Statler Lost Cone School Graduation Set Graduation exercises for Lost Cane School will be conducted Friday at the school when Blytheville Attorney James Gardner will speak. Elton McCann has been named valedictorian of the eighth grade class and Shirley Statler salutatorian. Others in the class Include Barbara Murry, Lewis Asaberry, Arlis Roberts. James Harris, Donnie Harris, Mary Tatum, Leroy Deeds, Jerry Stutts, Philip Huckles, Eula Estes, Joe Towles and Carolyn Hicks. Baccaluareate services were conducted yesterday at the Little River Church by the Rev. Fred Weaver. 'Southbound' Letter LA HABRA, Calif. (/P) — Roland Martone mailed a letter to Dewey Linze, an adventurebound journalist, last July 28. It was addressed to South American Somehow the letter went to South Pasadena to South Gate to South San Francisco and then to Iquitos, Peru. Last week the letter was returned to the sender. Martone put it in an envelope to Linze, readdressed it, added a note: "Don't want to open your mail. Please let me know what I said. I forgot." The heavy-set alligator gar, which may grow to be 15 feet long, is the largest freshwater fish of North America. Building Permits and Real Estate Transfers Two building permits were issued by the city last week, one to C. B. Gentry for the construction of a $350 two-room frame residence in the rear of 312 Lake street and the other to Arthur Gardner for the addition of a $350 porch onto his reidence at 1105 Knowles. Real estate transfers recorded in the circuit clerk's office last week included: Katie M. Faught. to Lorine H. Calvin, for $500. Lots 1 and 2, Block 2, Marsh Addition. Odie B. Smothers to Marcus and Wanda Meachum, for $1,000, Lot 227, Block 17. Manila. M. H. Allen to A. R. Peek, for $1.500, S. 50 ft, of Lot 10, Block 25. Blythe Addition. Thelma Faught Walcott to E. C. and Addie Smith, for $1.797, Lot 2, Block 30, Blythe Second Addition. Ray and Anne Ruth Worthington to Revena and Lena Moss, for $200, Lot 8, Block 10. Elliott Addition. R. H. and Frances Godsey to Charley and Vivian Wilson, for $10 and other consideration. Lot 3, Block 4, Maybelle Addition. J. E. and Mary Stevenson, Jr., to Paul and Johnnie Farrinpton, for $10 and other consideration. Lot 1. Block 4, Country Club Heights Addition . J. E. and Mary Stevenson to Charles and Carolyn Henley, for $10 and other consideration, Lot 6, Block 4, Country Club Heights Addition. Sam and Iva May Garland and Marie Needham, for $800 and other- consideration, nil west 287 ft,, Lot 5, Block 1, Wilson's Second Addition. "Great Country" Origin of the name Alaska has not been determined definitely, but some authorities maintain that it is derived from a native Eskimo word. Alakshak, meaning "great county." MILES 100 Nationoliftt, flaring fad attack after rtctnt air fights, ruth to tvac- u a t • noncombatants from strategic iilondi. CHINA Terminal point* in Nation alist blockade of China coast. Most important land bait held by the Nationalists. ALERT—Recent air action off the China coast has stirred speculation that the Reds may be planning to attack island bases held by Nationalist forces. Tachen. in the north, and Quenoy. in the south, are both important to the Nationalists in their defense of Formosa. To prepare for any Rtxi attack. Chiang has ordered all noncombatants evacuated from both islands. Drops Tail When a lizard dashes away from D01UR-W1SE? IH CN-IT'S MAYTAG FOR YOUI ._ 129.95 Adams Appliance Co. Inc. an enemy, he is quite likely to leave his tall to distract the pur- surer's nttentlon while he makes his escape. By means of specially formed muscles and ligaments, the amputation Is bloodless and .almost immediately, a new tail starts to form. For Dependable Roads Arkansas Needs CONCRETE A dependable highway system in this smte is essential to national defense and commerce. Both military and commercial movements rely heavily upon motor transport. Paving the state's principal highways with concrete will provide dependable roads because, concrete is the safest, most durable and economical of all pavements. Concrete is skid-resistant, wet or dry. At night you can see better on concrete because of its light color. Concrete is moderate in first cost yet it can be designed accurately for any legal axle load —and it will keep its load-carrying capacity throughout its long life. It costs less to maintain and lasts far longer. Result: true /ow-ennuol-cosf service. PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION 916 Foil* Bldg., Memphis 3, T«nn. A national organization to improve and extend the uses of Portland cement and concrete . . . through scientific research and engineering field work CONCRETE IS THE LOW-ANNUAL-COST PAVEMENT ONLY FORD TODAY HAS THE FEATURES you may find in other Jfj **wm*mmimT*> B low-priced cars tomorrow ! • The abbreviated English prayer book was compiled by Benjamin Franklin, who was the first reformer of English spelling and the first to use illustrations for books and pamphlets. A treat worth repeating! -\v^ '111 -*" J^C^t! tcH«^x™»f m A? vx JKP VOT YOU'LL LIKE ITS FINE QUALITY AND FAIR PRICE Kentucky Straight BOURBON STIAIfiH? IOURIIN MUSKET • M NO Of * (GIN SPIIN6IISTILLIM Cl., LOKIXWU, IT. ONLY FORD GIVES YOU: V-8 Power Ford is the only car in the low-price field that offers a V-8. And the 130-h.p. Y-block V-8 is the most modern V-8 in the entire automobile industry. 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