Southern Illinoisan from Carbondale, Illinois on October 22, 1979 · Page 3
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Southern Illinoisan from Carbondale, Illinois · Page 3

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Carbondale, Illinois
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Monday, October 22, 1979
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Page 3
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SOUTHERN ILLINOISAN, MONDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1979 Page Three Carbondale-Herrin-Murphysboro-Marion 7 m horn ao mi sau$a w sesve 1M0 'M 'annual By Ann Schottman Knol Of The Southern Illinoisan A total 18 hogs which together Weighed in at 9,100 pounds made 1,450 people happy at the Jacob Wurst Mart Sunday. - Almost all of the hog meat including hams, shoulders and bacon goes into the sausage served at the annual Wurst Mart, making it "whole hog" sausage, Lucy Mueller said. Mrs. Mueller is the wife of the chairman of Jacob Community, an incorporated, nonprofit, all-volunteer group that raises money for community projects. The Wurst Mart has been a money-raising project of the Jacob Community group for 21 years. However, the menu that draws the crowds, as it did on a summerlike day Sunday, remains the same: pork sausage, mashed potatoes, sauerkraut and applesauce. The Wurst Mart is a community effort, Mrs. Mueller said. Only about 50 people live in Jacob, but rural residents also donate their time. Work on the sausage begins early. The hogs were chosen last Monday and slaughtered Tuesday. Then the cleaned halves of the hogs were taken to the Jacob Community Center. Robert Saupe, who with twinkling eyes said they "call me a cook" for the duration of the Wurst Mart, was one of about 90 persons who joined a sausage assembly line Thursday night in the community center. The meat is cut off the bones and ground up. Seasonings are added when the meat is ground up. Some of the sausage meat then is stuffed into casings, which are the intestines of the hog. Other ground meat is put into plastic bags as bulk sausage, because some if hW ' T h'-t y iVtv- M sfc V " . h- 4fX ' If I ' Mimto Williamson board OKs four bids for grants By O.R. Walley Of The Southern Illinoisan The Williamson County Board of Commissioners today gave its approval to applications by four cities for federal Community Development Block Grants. Marion is seeking $867,118 for 11 separate projects to improve streets, sidewalks and housing. Creal Springs is seeking $500,000 in federal funds for a $992,000 project to rehabilitate housing, installs sewers and improve the fire department. Hurst is asking $500,000 in federal funds for an $865,535 project to rehabilitate housing, install sewers and improve fire protection. Carterville is seeking $280,000 to go along with $10,000 in local funds to improve West Grand Avenue and to install sidewalks. The applications are to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Under federal procedures, such applications are forwarded to other government units, which might be affected, for their comments. In other action, the board appointed Donald Wilson to the Blairsville Public Water District Board to replace Leroy Robinson, who resigned. Wilson's term runs to May 1, 1983. County Clerk Barney Boren reported to the board that recording of mortgages has dropped more than 50 percent in recent months. He said that affects his office's income since filers pay a fee of $5 for the first two pages and $1 for each additional page. The drop in recordings indicates a general slowdown in the sale of homes in the county. Chairman William Humphreys was not at the meeting. It was the first board meeting he has missed in six years in office. Humphreys and State's Attorney Robert Howerton were in federal court in Benton today for a labor case involving a former county employee. Four area men jailed at Menard Four young Franklin County men were transported to the Menard Correctional Center in Chester today to serve out terms of their recent convictions, according to the state's attorney's office. Daniel E. Kirkpatrick, 17, of Buckner was sentenced to two years in prison for criminal damage to property. He was convicted of kicking in display windows at Barton & Collins Furniture & Appliance on Benton's public square. John Rich and Mark J. Carpenter, 17, both of West Frankfort, each were sentenced to 18 months for a series of car arsons in West Frankfort. Jeffrey R. Mounce, 22, of Buckner, was sentenced to 18 months for the June 28 burglary of the Lakewood Restaurant in Buckner. Jacob people can't stomach the thought of eating hog intestine casings, Saupe said with a grin. On Friday the community's older , semi-retired residents make liver sausage from head and ioot meat from hogs. The liver sausage recipe is "one of those recipes handed down from generation to generation. Nobody writes it down. Everybody has his own little deviation, of course. No, they don't have arguents over it. You might say "little differences of : opinion sorrier times,".Saupe said. Rose Talbot, who also helped stuff sausage Thursday, was not too eager to, describe the seasonings used in the pork sausage either. Although it is "not really a secret," she said, she hinted that those interested in learning how to make it'should show up at the sausage stuffing session at next -year's Wurst Mart. The Wurst Mart this year, besides the hogs, used 700 pounds of potatos, 150 loaves of french bread, 450 pounds of sauerkraut and a lot of applesauce. The Wurst Mart also sells the pork sausage and liver sausage at a stand, at about $1.75 a pound, and it was necessary to limit purchases to three pounds a person by the end of the day to spread out the remainder of the sausage. Earlier in the day they had honored requests for as much as 20 pounds or more. Saupe said said one man wanted 60 pounds. There also is a stand adjacent to the community center where handcrafts, and donated goods and produce are sold. All the money raised from the Wurst Mart, plus money raised from an annual Jacob Day Barbeque Chicken Fest in July has gone into paying for the four acres the com tor system and the need for another exit in a corridor of the building. He said he was told that remedial steps will be taken. The facility is located in the old state tuberculosis hospital which also houses temporary' quarters for a day care center and an alcohol rehabilitation center. Bower said officials indiacted that if the center were to close the patients would be transfered to the main developmental center in Centralia. Mount Vernon Fire Chief Don Hahn said the order to vacate stems from a Sept. 19 inspection of the facility. Harold Rohlfing of Jacob weighs sausage at wurst mart 60 patients may be moved Mount Vernon state center declared fire hazard Mount Vernon, III. (AP) The Murray Center Annex, a state facility in Mount Vernon for the devel-opmentally disable, is apparently not in immediate danger of closing. The State Fire Marshal requested Friday that 60 non-ambulatory patients be moved from the facility because of code violations: Rep. Glen Bower, R-Ef-fingham, said today he has talked with Gov. James Thompson and officials of the state Department of Mental Health about the situation, and they have no immediate plans' for closing. Bower said the most serious violation was apparently a lack of a smoke detec W Wurst Mart munity center sits on, plus everything now on those four acres. The community organization is trying to get money to pay for the ball field next to the center. The community group always had rented it in the past, but then when the ownership of the field changed, the group was forced to buy it to get to use it. Wurst Mart proceeds from the record crowd this year should go a long way toward paying off the bank ; loan on the field, she said. The spirit of community in-, volvement that brings in all the volunteer help and volunteer goods to sell is evident to outsiders who have commented on the old-time spirit of brotherhood in the Jacob area, Mrs. Mueller said. But will it be carried on? The older folks are trying to teach the younger ones how to make the sausage so they can carry on, Mrs. Talbot said. But, she added sadly, "I don't know whether they , are interested or not." Louise Amschler and Meta Fritsche, two of the four women who work year-round to make handcrafts to sell at the Wurst Mart, also despair of teaching the younger ones to take over their crocheting, quilt-making, embroidering duties. Mrs. Amschler said the work is too much for the younger generation. "They don't know what work is." Mrs. Fritsche added, "They just want to play." Mrs. Mueller said, "We're getting older, and frankly we can't hack it anymore." If the young in Jacob do carry on, it will be because they are like Wurst Mart worker Elsie Arbeiter, who said that her roots always will be in Jacob. Work may begin on Carlyle resort early next year Construction oh a resort at Illinois' largest man-made lake, Carlyle Lake, could begin next year, says the Associate Director of the Department of Conservation, Charles Tamminga. Tamminga said that the beginning of construction depends on lease negotiations with SSPF Corporation of St. Charles, the primary developer. The $30 million plush resort has been discussed for about a year, and could become a reality if the negotiations are successful, he added. . Initial plans call for 120 hotel rooms, convention facilities, an 18-hole championship golf course and an 85-slip marina, Tamminga said. pose, essentially, was to match up persons seeking jobs with employers looking for workers. The active role played by the ERC ended in 1973 amid a controversy over finances. Among the ERC's accomplishments was helping to bring a branch of the Illinois State Employment Service to Carbondale. That office is located in the Eurma C. Hayes Center. Simon was the ERC director and remains convinced the ERC and EODC Jobs, discrimination stiii problems for Ti urn ; ME. j sn. ; , a t A model city? Photo by JOE JINES fire kills two in Mt. Vernon Authorities said the girls were alone in the house at the time of the fire. Authorities said they believe the fire was accidental but had not determined the cause. They also said they found a large hole in the floor above the basement furnace. Funeral arrangements for the sisters are incomplete in school fires Detective Roger Odum said scrap paper was used to set fires on a table, on the floor and under the stage in the auditorium about 3:30 p.m. None of the fires caused any damage. be jobs." Richard Hayes, associate affirmative action officer for SIU-C, concurs with the need for more investment by financial institutions. "The (Model Cities) process hasn't had a positive effect on the ability of blacks to get into the economic system to a point where a business will be profitable," he said. "The economic component of Model Cities was one of my greatest disappointments." For those people who tried to make it in business and failed, Hayes said, "they were stigmatized by their inability to repay loans and by the people who expected to help them because they were failures." Bob Stalls, head of the city's Division of Human Resources and the man who guided Model Cities, noted, "At the peak of Model Cities, we dumped $1.7 million a year into the local economy," he said. "When you pull that out, it" has a significant depression on the local economy. Cardinal to me was not only the jobs, but the training. If there was a failure in Model Cities, it was our inability to train." Even if the trainees were well-instructed, Stalls said that "when they got out, they couldn't use it. That's the one that's loaded." He also stressed the need to look at the local economy's ability "to absorb the people who were trained." "These successes can't be viewed because those who got the best training move on out because there is nothing here to absorb them," he said. So far, the local economy has not reabsorbed Sharon Miller. While unemployed, she receives $443 a month in public aid to support her five children, ages 9 months to 8 years old. She also receives $112 a month in food stamps. -If she is working, her public aid drops to $238 a month. "Her search for work is not made easier by the current economic conditions, she says, which have forced more people out of work.' She also is feeling the competition of the many qualified job applicants naturally available in a university community. "You can practically be begging for a job, and they won't give it to you," she says. "Id rather work any day than stay at home. I want to work, and I don't care if I have ,10 kids." But, she frowns, "You get tired of being pushed around. They don't want to give black people jobs that pay any money. "They just, want you' pushing brooms." Early morning young sisters Mount Vernon (AP) An early morning residential fire in Mount Vernon claimed the lives of two sisters, authorities said. Sheri Lynn Hall, 11, and her sister, Christina Rose, 9, the daughters of Larry and Barbara Hall, were found dead Sunday in a bedroom of the family's one-story frame home at 304 S. 15th St. Arson suspected Three fires in the Herrin High School auditorium Saturday are being investigated by the Williamson County detective unit, which described them as arson attempts. did not live up to their respective potentials because of "too much city intervention" and the lack of a commitment to the programs by the city. "The resource center had already proved its worth," Simon said, 'it was one of the best examples of a self-help program there ever was." The ERC maintains its charter and board of directors, and Simon said the organization has submitted funding proposals to various agencies. "We've not been funded, but we're not giving up," he said. The EODC was a local development company recognized by the Small Business Administration. Its purpose was to help develop small minority-owned businesses in the northeast, which would then lead to more job opportunities for blacks. "According to the Model Cities report, the EODC helped start 22 small businesses employing 70 people. When Model Cities ended, nine of the businesses were still operating, including trucking, retail clothing, tree and garden service and a car wash. Some funds were channeled into a bank located near North Washington Street, the "levee," to "conserve and perpetuate" the commercial character of the area. WThile EODC loans were made to five businesses on North Washington Street, none of the ventures survived. The Model Cities report is critical of the commitment shown by the entrepreneurs, noting that, "future programs of this sort must place emphasis on managerial training. There should be a more detailed screening of loan applicants and some form of equity investment should be required of the potential entrepreneuers.' " EODC outlived Model Cities, until 1977 when the city council terminated its contract with the agency. The absence of black-owned businesses in Carbondale is a sore spot to many. "The big problem in the white financial institutions is getting credit," charged Henry Carter, who runs his own furniture business. There is little cash flow in the black community and minimal commitment. That breaks us down to do what we have to do to get by." This "economic deficiency" makes it hard for blacks to start their own small shops, Carter said. "We definitely need to break into the financial institutions to make money available to all of the community," he said. "If that can be adjusted, we will be creating a money flow and there will By Tom Woolf Of The Southern Illinoisan (Second in a Series) Sharon Miller has been pounding the pavement in Carbondale for some time now. The 23-year-old mother of five children lives in Lake Heights and has no car. Since she lost her job at a local re- tail store, Sharon has been "looking a long time in a lot of places, with no hope" of finding a new job. Sharon lost her job, she said, when she asked her supervisor for a day off to care for one of her children, who had been sick. She was told to take all the time she needed. "I went in there the next morning and found my time card had been turned in," Sharon recalled. "I was told the supervisor had said I had quit. Twenty-year-old Cynthia Hudson lost her job at a local store several months ago. Although she started as a full-time worker, Cynthia said she soon found her hours being cut. "Then, they told me I was fired, and for no reason," she said, adding that she believed she had been fulfilling her clerk duties as well as any other employee. Both women maintain they lost their jobs because of discrimination. That is a problem that remains as pervasive as ever, most blacks say. Sharon and Cynthia have a lot of company when it. comes to filling out job applications. According to the Illinois Bureau of Employment Security, unemployment among blacks in the Carbondale area was running at 19.7 percent in August. The white unemployment rate was estimated at 7.7 percent, while the overall rate was at 8.6 percent. Nationally, unemployment was estimated at 5.9 percent in August, according to the Illinois Employment Service. The black jobless rate was 11.9 percent, for whites it was 5.2 percent. In the Carbondale area, the black unemployment rate is up slightly from last year's rate, while the white unemployment figure is down slightly. The current jobless rate for area blacks is up from 10 years ago when the Model Cities program began in. Carbondale. According to the city's Model Cities report, unemployment in Carbondale's northeast community was at 16.8 percent in 1969. In 1974, the rate had dropped to 12.9 percent. However, the August 1979 figures cover a wider area than Carbondale's tnortheast side. Statistics for Carbondale's labor market area include other communities in Jackson County. Among blacks employed in the local market area, 27.9 percent are working in the "service" category, which includes cleaning and food service, personal, health and other services and "protective" services. Nearly 15 percent hold clerical positions, and more than 17 percent of the area's blacks are working in manufacturing. Another 10.4 percent are employed as medical and health workers, teachers or other professionals. By comparison, 22.4 percent of the area's white population is working in the health-medical, teaching or other professions. More than 19 percent of the white population is working in clerical posts. Job training and development programs were a major emphasis in Carbondale's Model Cities program. Manpower programs trained 249 residents, "upgrading skills and in some cases providing on-job training and experience," the city's report states. "Education and training were geared for entry into the employment ranks and designed for upward mobility," the report points out. "Model Neighborhood paraprofessionals were trained and employed in career ladder programs In several Model Cities projects. As a result, more blacks were able to enter the health, day care, social service and teaching fields from which they had been conspicuously absent. Continued education and training resulted in higher salary levels." Many blacks, however, contend that the training they and others got through Model Cities did not carry them into new jobs once Model Cities ended. "People were being trained for certain jobs and for the most part, those were unique jobs designed to deal with unique problems," Elbert Simon, president of the Carbondale branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, says. "When a person goes out after spending five, six or seven years in a unique job to find a Clockwise, from left: Towara, 6, Velma, 2, Vianny, 3, Dorinda, 8, and Sharon Miller holding Rosie, 10 months new one, tne employer says he can't use the skills the person learned during the program." Two of the most significant and controversial Model Cities' programs aimed at landing more jobs for blacks were the Employment and Resource Center (ERC) and the Equal Opportunity Development Corp. (EODC). The ERC actually started in 1967 with funds from the city and Southern Illinois University-Carbondale. Its pur

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