LA PLATA REPUBLICAN. LA PLATA. MISSOURI. Mr ox Mm, Whei fie By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN S COMPTROLLER GENERAL JOHN RAYMOND MeCARL a "federal bu reaucratic snooper" or a "brave official V The newspapers call him both. He may be both. But he certainly Is the latter, For he hag bearded the married maidens In their den. the Lucv Kroner In tueir nail, mis sounds a bit mixed, but It's Just exactly what he has done. And, what's more, he has run right smack up against the serried ranks of the National Woman's patty, led by Alice Paul and Legal Research Secretary Burnlta Shelton Mathers, march ing at the double-quick for the fray, comptroller General McCarl, In short, has made the ruling that a mar ried woman employee of the federul government who wishes to be carried on the government payroll must en roll under her married name. He quotes various marriage laws and then lays down this ultimatum: The law of this country that the wife takes the surname of the husband Is as well settled as that the domicile of the wife merges In the domlcrrs of the hus band. A wife might reside apart from her husband, but as Ions; aa she re- mains his lawful wife she has but one lefral domicile mf that Is the domicile or her husband. So It Is with the name, She may have an assumed name, but she has but one legal name. Now, why did McCarl do It? ne's been a married man since 1905 and has presumably learned not to rush in where angels fear to tread. Probably the poor man Is Just playing safe. For, you see, as comptroller general he's head of the general accounting office and It's his business to watch all disbursements of the public funds to the last penny. So, of course, if the Lucy Stoners are being Illegally raid that means trouble for him. For Uncle Sam be it whispered when It comes to the pnylng out of real cash Is just a bit near, as they say in Calvin Coolldge's neck of woods. Comptroller General McCarl Is a lawyer and he may be right about the law in the case. Nevertheless, here's the other side: The National Woman's party has pointed out In the brief submitted that none of the cases cited by Mr. McCarl has any bearing; on this vase: that no statute or court decision exists in any tats supporting- the principle that a woman must take her husband's name; that contracta, decrees, deeds, made In the maiden name of a married woman are everywhere valid at law; that the law allows any one, man or woman, to assume any name ha or she chooses. The casus belli, so to speak. Is the case of a nurse In St Elizabeth's hospital, under the Interior department, who married last summer and refused Advice to Lady Poet A young lady writes to ask what eteps should be taken to have a poem published In a magazine. In reply we would suggest that the surest way Is first to purchase a controlling interest In the magazine. Then have yourself selected editor, be careful to read and revise the proof and then sit close to the press while the edition Is being run off to Insure the safe birth of your brnln child. These, with a few minor uv,-: :S-.. sc f . ' ' N : ' I Comptroller V( S5 'ViWLy . General i W gafr . McCarl's Ruling ; T J II Stirs Up Controversy J X- ( 7 I fltl Ghost Walks Jfkiert awVoA to change her name on the hospital payroll. Presumably the amount Involved Is not staggering, but Just Im agine what the totals would run to If every Lucy Stoner defies Comptroller General McCarl! For example, there's Mrs. Helen Hamilton Gardener, who Is, according to the Congressional Directory, one of the three civil service commissioners and receives $3,000 a year But that well-known and Justly fumous collection of autobiographies, "Who's Who," says that Helen Hamilton Gardener (no "Mrs.") has been the wife of Col. Seltlen Alden Day, U. S. A., since 1901. Nevertheless, Sirs. Gardener or Helen Hamilton Gardener or Mrs. Day should know what she la doing, for she's a graduate (1872) of the Ohio State Normal school. She has sjwnt uiuny years In travel In 20 countries, collecting pictures and data on social and political conditions. She's a member of clubs In Washington, New York, London, Pa rig and Rome. She's the author, since IS!), of six works. She's a member of the executive board, vice president and vice chairman of the congressional committee of the National American Woman Suffruge association. And, finally, she was appointed to the civil service commission in 1920 the first woman member. Is It likely that a woman of her experience and official position would take $416.G5 every month from Uncle Sam con trary to law? McCarl certainly is- right as to the "domicile" part of the law, as he lays It down. And here's pathetic case that proves it: Miss Doris Stevens was permanent chairman of the recent election conference of the National Woman's party, at which the delegates decided to cut loose from the whole tribe of male politlcans, to elect 100 women to congress this fall and to establish woman's bloc in the house. The delegates begged and Implored Miss Doris Stevens to be one of those 100 candidates. And that Insistent demand brought out this pitiful story: It appears that Miss Doris Stevens in private life la Mrs. Dudley Field Malone; that Mr. Malone had established legal residence in Paris; that Paris was therefore her legal resi dence ; -that she and her husband had been restored to American citizenship but had not resided long enough In their American home to have even a vote. Of course, this same-domiclle-for-husband-and-wlfe law Is one which precautions, will Insure the poem's publication, provided, of course, that you have written a poem to begin with. Eskimo Girls Bob Hair Two young girls have been admitted to a high school In Copenhagen who are perhaps the first of their race to receive a European higher education, says the Detroit News. They are Eskimo girls and were -adopted by the Arctic explorer Amnndsen on his last trip to the polar regions. The girls I WAY the National Woman's party Intends to wlp it by passing the Twentieth amendment to tbe Constitution. B u t in the meantime Just see what suffering It inflicts upon our American women! "Who's Who" corroborates this Bad tale In part. SIlss Doris Stevens is not listed, but Dudley Field Ma lone is and It says that he married Doris Stevens of Omaha, "writer, economist and member of the executive committee of the National Woman's party," December 14. 1021. Mr. Field. It says, was collector of the port of New York, 1913-17, and "resigned as n public protest against the failure of President Wilson and his administration to urge and pass the womnn suffrage amendment." And who are the Lucy Stoners? Why, the members of the Lucy Stone league, of course. The league Is composed of married women who refuse to take their husbands' names. It was organized1 In 1921, and has its headquarters In New York city. Its president Is Ruth Hale of New York and Ruth Hale has been Mrs. Hey-wood Broun since 1917. Its secretary Is June Grant It has been printed that she Is the wife of Harold Ross, editor of Judge. But why the "Lucy Stone" league? Probably Lucy was our very first "woman rights" woman. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, . Susan B. Anthony, Julia Wurd Howe and the other early leaders used to say that Lucy "first really stirred the nation's heart on the subject of woman's wrongs." Anyway, Lucy was the first American to hnng on to her own name after marriage. At thirty-seven years of age she married In 1S55 Henry B. Black-well, a Cincinnati merchant and Abolitionist, brorher of the famous Dr. Elizubeth Blackweil (182M910) who oriened the medical profession to women. Lucy Stone (1818-93) early determined to get a real education: Why? Well, when she talked "equal rights for women" somebody was always quoting texts from the Bible against it Therefore she decided to get a college education so she could read the Bible in the original and see If those texts were correctly translated. Lucy was graduaied from Oberlln in 18-17. Evidently she had found the transla tions of those texts all wrong, for that same year she delivered from her brother's pulpit at Gardner, Mass., the very first lecture on woman's rights. The next year she lectured In New England, the "West" and Canada for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery society also on woman's rights. After her marriage she became still more energetic. In 1859 she founded, with Julia Ward ' Howe, the Xmerican Woman Suffrage association which later merged with the National Woman Suffrage association. It took these devoted women and their successors 51 years to obtain the suffrage by constitutional amendment. The Lucy Stoners seem to be getting along fairly well aside from Comptroller General McCarl. They can get life Insurance In some companies. They have little trouble with realtors and with landlords, with butcher and baker and candlestitkmaker. The postmaster general Is indifferent and the income tax people don't give a whoop. But botelkeepers are a bit nervous. The State department says when it comes to passports that they can use their husbands' names or stay at home. And of course tbe mothers invariably say, "my married daugh ter, Mrs. So-and-So." have only one name, which sounds somewhat barbaric, , but for the moment they are Kokanitta and Carnitta, First thing tbey did on arriving in Copenhagen, after having looked around a little, was to have their hair bobbed. Not in His Wigwag "I see by the- fashion notes in the newspaper that even the styles in pocketbooks change quite frequently." Harduppe "There Is seldom any change In mine." SAYS NOTHING CAN SUPPLANT THE FARM Synthetic Foods Not Practicable, Chemist Declares. Predictions often areLade that soma day we shall have all our food made in chemical Tactories, out of air and water and carbonic-acid gas ; that even farming soon is to be a thing of the past, aud that chemically prepared food will come to ua In tablets that we shall nibble. These notions are mere guesses, unsound economically. The farm is not to be supplanted by the chemical factory, writes Dr. EUwood Hendrick, noted chemist, in the Popular Science Monthly, altliouga the farm already is beginning to draft Die chemical and biological laboratories for Its own purposes. Even If we chemists could make tasty and nutritious foods of inanimate matter, Instead of things that have been through tbe process of life, of things that have grown on the farm and Its a fact that we don't know how to do It there isn't power enough available to make the food for the world In factories. We should require coal or water power or fuel oil, while the plants and trees use the power of light direct from the sun for their growth. We cannot use light for power. Every green leaf lias us beaten In this respect Again, our Internal organs are so constructed that If we undertook to live on tablets without the necessary rougiiage or coarseness of food they would collapse and the whole world soon would come down with an international bowel complaint Let's keep our feet on the ground. Men of science have to do so. But don't be disappointed. Science, working along practical lines, already Is accomplishing amazing things In solving our food problems. It has learned to extract elements necessary to plant growth from the air, from the sewage of cities, from the smoke of factory chimneys. It Is conserving our crops through the development ' of the canning industry. It has taufnt the bakers to produce better and cheaper bread. It has helped crops by destroying insect pests. It has studied foods in the laboratory and taught us how to balance our diet according to the requirements of our bodies. Science does not move ahead with a brass band, with trumpets and drums; Its progress results from hard, slow work, with here and there a happy reward. Absent-Mindedness Plus A Beech Grove merchant was laug'a-lng over the absent-minded customer, who recently sent her little girl to the store with Instruction to stay there until her mother telephoned an order. After 'the child had been there an hour or so, the mother called and said she bad forgotten all about sending foer. "It reminds me," said the merchant, "of the time when I was a boy. We lived about a quarter of a mile from the town. It was our custom to walk to the village In the evening to get the mall end loaf a while at the general store. One evening dad was very tired and Instead of walking, hitched up the old mare and drove Into town. About nine o'clock Just as I had taken off my shoes to go to bed, dad came whistling up fne front walk. "Why, dad." I said, "didn't you drive to town this evening?" A queer expression came over his face and In a tone of great authority he said, 'Go right down there and get that horse.' Then I wished I had kept still." Indianapolis News. Dust Used as Evidence The French police are maklnjr a microscopic examination of dirt found upon the clothing of suspected criminals. After cross-examination the suspects are stripped of their clothing, whose surface dust Is first examined under a strong mlscroscope. A vacuum cleaner Is next applied to draw out other dirt Into a pan. In some instances heating is used to separate foreign matter. From the dirt thus secured the detectives determine whether the suspect has been telling the truth. One murderer tried to prove an alibi by saying that be had slept In an open field the night of the crime. Microscopic examination of his clothing showed that he had slept In a quarry. A carpenter was connected with a murder by means of sawdust found on a piece of overall which the victim had torn from his assailant and which was found at the scene of the crime. The value of the plan has been In breaking down the bravado of criminals. They frequently confess when shown that their first stories were lies. Origin of Paved Roads Our modern dustless concrete roads may be said to have originated in a dusty limestone highway of England, says Popular Science Monthly. Just 100 years ago Joseph Aspdin, a mason of Leeds, England, discovered that if the dnst of limestone roads was mixed with clay and burned at a high temperature the resulting mass when ground would produce a material that hardened when mixed with mortar. This substance looked like building stone quarried at Portland, so he called It Portland cement. Riches for University The University of Texas may become one of the wealthiest Institutions of learning In the world as a result of the recent discovery of oil on its lands. Under contract with the oil companies the university will receive a one-eighth royalty. GOOD PSSB., U, Let's Bore 12 Miles Into the Earth X TEW YORK. International co- IX I operation for sinking of a X. shaft 12 miles deep for scientific purposes Is advocated by Sir Charles A, Parsons, K. a 1! , F. R, S., who adapted steam turbine engines td commercial purposes on a large scale. He made the suggestion at a luncheon given to him and Senator Lulgl Luiggl, president of the Society of Italian Engineers, at the Engineers' club. Sir Charles said an exploration of this character might reveal the existence of new chemical elements and of metals heavier than any known now. Tbe force of gravitation, he said, would draw such minerals downward from the earth's crust. "We know nothing of what Is below our feet, but we know that the heaviest minerals are at the center of the earth," said Sir Charles. "Instead of sending out polar expeditions, wouldn't it be better to go down and see what we come to? Experiments I have made convince me that It would take 50 years to get down 12 miles. "It would be a great bond of union for the various nations to combine in such an enterprise. We have evidence from earthquake waves that It is hot 20 miles below the earth's surface. It would take 20,000,000 pounds ster- Here's the Club for LOS ANGELES, CAL. Staging a lion or tiger hunt between rounds of golf In California, Instead of going to Africa or India for big game of the Jungles, Is one of the aims of the Pacific Coast Sportsmen's club, which is to be incorporated at Sacramento, according to Frederick L. Sims of Chicago, one of the directors. It Is planned to establish a 45,000-acre hunting preserve and country club In central California and stock the preserve with Hons, tigers, leopards, pumas, bears, buffalo and other game, Mr. Sims said. The plans have been under way for two years, with wealthy Pacific coast men behind the enterprise, Mr. Sims added. The officers, he said. Include Ray Meaeham of Los Angeles, president; John Rawley of Los Angeles, vice president; Roland nill of linkers-field, Cal., secretary, and C. C. West of San Gabriel, Cal., treasurer. The land, now held under option, Is a woody, hilly tract not many hours' drive from Los Angeles, Mr. Sims said. It la planned to Include 100 African lions, 40 Bengal tigers, 20 leopards, 100 pumas, 150 black bear, 1,000 buf Black Hills Rancher Sets Forest Fires SIOUX FALLS, S. D. Confessing he set three forest fires in the Black hills In the hope of obtaining temporary employment with forest rangers In the work of extinguishing the fires, George Woodward, a rancher whose home Is In one of the valleys of the Black hills, will have to face a Jury In United States court At this time of the year, when the heavy grass and underbrush are as dry aa Under, the forest rangers of the Black hills maintain the utmost vigilance In regard to forest fires, which, If not discovered at once and extinguished, would do untold damage to the national and state forests of the Black hills. Lookout points are maintained on the summit of several of the highest peaks In the Black hills, and from them smoke from forest fires which break out In the daytime is readily detected, and at night the fires are detected by the glare. . Recently three forest fires of mysterious origin were discovered in the forests of the Harney range, north of Hill Heirs at Odds ST. PAUL, MINN. Louis W. Hill, son of the late James J. Hill, builder of railroads in the Northwest, who succeeded his father in control of many proiiertles, and is president of the Great Northern railway, has been sued in New York by two brothers, a sister, and brother-in-law for their father's country home In Ramsay county, Minn. It Is asserted that he got It from their mother by fraud while she was ill and unable to realize what she was doing. , The property Involved Is valued at more than $231,800, the sum at which it was appraised as part of the James J. Hill estate. The complaint alleges that Louis W. Hill also induced their mother to transfer to him, without consideration, railway bonds of a face value of $750,000 and estimated at $000,000 at the present time. The ownership of the bonds Is not Involved In the suit The case became public when the papers were filed In the Supreme court, after Justice Wasservogle had granted an application by attorneys for the defendant to transfer the action to the United States District court. The petition stated that Louis W. Hill Is a resident of St. Paul, and that the plaintiffs, James N. Bill, Ruth Hill Beard, wife of Anson McOook TALES of the : m FM CITIES B ling to finance the work." big company to do Discussing his project after the luncheon. Sir Charles said British scientists, as well as officials of the Royal observatory at Greenwich, were greatly Interested In the scheme. "We don't know what ts down there and we ought to; that's the point," he said. "I have been doing preliminary experimentation for eight years and I am certain that such a shaft Is a practicable engineering project and that the only thing necessary to make it a reality Is the money. It might be possible to go deeper than 12 miles. "I would have the shaft 20 feet In, diameter and lined with granite.) which experiments have shown would; not fall In. The shaft would be sunk to different levels, in the same wayj that mining shafts are sunk, and it would be necessary, after we got down to a sufficient depth, to have the heat pumped out. I suggested that the work be done through international effort because of the tremendous expense. I have done nothing as yet toward securing funds. It would be an admirable thing If some American multi-millionaire we have few of them left in Great Britain now would donate money for the work." I Real "Sportsmen" falo and thousands of smaller game in the preserve stock, Mr. Sims said. "The entire tract of 45,000 acres will be under fence," Mr. Sims said. "Twenty thousand acres will be set aside for the carnivorous beasts. Every member of the club will have the privilege of shooting one animal of each variety a year. Provision haa been made for expending $250,000 a year for restocking. The club, he explained, would be conducted after the fashion of English shooting preserves. The by-laws provide that 10 per cent of all game raised will be distributed free of charge to other states to stock wild game coverts. No such club as this has ever been planned before. A $250,000 clubhouse has been planned and 200 cottages fur members', with 18 and 24-hole golf courses, tennis courts, polo field, aviation field, archery shooting ranges, race track, swimming pools, playgrounds and a pack of fox hounds will be maintained. The club is to have 4,000 members. More than 1,000 requests for memberships already have been received, and It Is planned to open the club In September, 1925, according to Mr. Sims. the mining fown of Hill City. The three fires were so plainly of an Incendiary character that Supervisor Conner of the Barney forest reserve set on foot an investigation, giving the matter In charge of Ranger Fox. Ranger Fox, frofti the similarity of methods employed by the Incendiary and by a careful Investigation of conditions In the Immediate neighborhood of the three fires, soon obtained clues which aided him In discovering the identity of the culprit. Finally, Fox arrested Woodward and charged him with having set the three frres. After a grilling by Assistant United States Attorney Tscharner and several Black hills oUicers, Woodward confessed having set the three fires. Woodward replied he wanted to earn money and that by assisting the forest rangers In fighting forest fires he could do so. Later he repeated his confession before a United States commissioner and was held for appearance in Federal court. Unable to furnish a bond, he will be kept In Jail until he can be taken to court. Over Mother's Home Beard, attorney, and George T. Slade, are all residents of New York, while the other plaintiff, Walter J. Hill, la either a resident of New York or Montana. The complaint states that the plaintiffs are the children of James J. Hill, who died In 191flw and of Mrs. Mary T. Hill, who died in St. Paul oa November 22, 1921, without making a will. The tract belonged originally to James J. Hill, who also died without making a will, but because their mother had made her home tlere a great part of the time the nine children joined in a deed of the property to her "at the suggestion of Louis W. Hill." The complaint alleges that on Jan-nary 8, 1920, "by fraud and undue Influence she was wrongfully and Illegally induced" by Louis W. Hill to deed the property to him without consideration. The children say that their mother was permitted to occupy the property until her death, and that the paper was not recorded until December 21, 1921, a month after her death, when the plaintiffs first learned of It The plaintiffs say that they are each entitled to a ninth of the property In question and ak a Judgment decreeing that the transfer of the property to the defendant was not effective oa the ground of the reasons stated.
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