The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on September 2, 1937 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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Thursday, September 2, 1937
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The Alffona TTDDer fies Moineft. Akron** Iowa. Sent. 8.1937 fllgona ttMttr Bt* JMoim* . — - ^ *. W, HAGGARD * R. R WALLEn, *»uWisli«ra ••tend u Second Claw Matter at the Pcstottlw at aUgtiBft, Iowa, under net ef Congress of March 3, 1879 Isaued Weekly Member Iowa PTCM KATES IN KO88UTB CO.: One Tear, In Advance $160 Upper Des Molnes and Kossuth County Advance In combination, per year $2.60 SUBSCRIPTION RATES OUTSIDE KOSSUTH One Tear In advance $2.60 Upper DM Motnea and Kossuth County Advance In combination, per year $4.00 ADVERTISING RATES DUplay Advertising, per inch 35c Want Ads, payable in advance, word Se "Let the people know the truth and the conn- try !• safe."—Abraham Lincoln. LABOR IS OVERDOING IT Organized labor, which in its early stages was a blessing to workingmen of ail creeds and countries, is now overplaying its hand. And, it is not the ordinary laboring man himself who Is riding the gift horse to death, but the well- paid organizers who are able to excite their followers into near riots on short notice. Latest group to get out of bounds are the railroad brotherhoods, whom we have always felt represented probably the most solid and intelligent type of American workingman. They demand a 30 percent wage increase, or else wili strike. What has come over a group like the brotherhoods; they know that a 20 percent Increase In wages is out of the Question. In fact the brotherhoods have never really been underpaid, and of all classes of labor have been given the best treatment down through the years. But It isn't a five percent increase they want—just a mere 20 percent, one fifth. We wonder how the men in the brotherhoods would actually vote on the strike question, if given an impartial choice, without coercion from the organizers and trouble-makers leading them. While supporting President Roosevelt in a majority of his aims and ambitions, it is very evident that his failure to take a definite stand is hurting everybody. There are adjustments in labor that should be made; some have. But only the President of the United States, with his powerful appeal to the followers of labor, who know that he is interested In their cause, can keep the situation in hand. President Roosevelt need not endanger his labor following by calling upon them to use common sense In their demands, and temper their desire for better wages and living conditions with some thought as to the limits (o which those demands can go at the present time. If exorbitant demands of labor send manufactured products beyond the reach of the farmer's buy- Ing power, for example, it will simply decrease the turnover of merchandise. Who will benefit then? If railroad brotherhoods tie up the main arteries of traffic for a Ions: strike, cut themselves out of their pay, and in the end find that railroads cannot stand a 20 per cent Increase In wages and will not grant them, who will benefit then? Labor deserves fair treatment. It Is true that there have been many employers in the past who have helped to bring on present unpleasant situations by falling to look ahead, and think of their employees in terms of being partners In their respective enterprises. But even with that background, there are limits to the demands of organized labor, and it is time that President Roosevelt pointed out a path of fairness for all. neither to the extreme benefit of capital, nor to the overdone demands of labor. Somewhere down the middle of the road is a fair answer to the problems of both, and only the chief executive cnn help to untnnge the snarl and increasing difficulties. bA spared IMS of life or property. In San Pranclftco there Is a Chinatown. Suppose the United States and Canada should get Into a war, and San Franciseo was In the line of etffnbat Dees anyone suppose that either side would worry much about what happened to Chinatown or Its occupants? Unfortunately, American firms have Interests In China and people there representing them. Buildings, property, machinery and equipment cannot be evacuated, and our own people stay as long as possible to look after and protect that property. Sometimes they get hurt; sometimes the property goes up in smoke and flame. That Is war. Americans have had a month to get out of Shanghai. If they remain, they are doing so at their own risk. Dorothy Thompson, writer. In a recent article, adds the following comment on the Chinese situation: "The Chinese maket, so far as the United States is concerned, is largely a myth. What it might be in the future is a speculation. Our total investment in China is a round a negligible $100,000,000. and we annually spend mfllions to protect this investment and our small trade." And we might add, we are now sitting on the verge of a volcano, because a few hundred people who might have left Shanghai a month ago, when trouble first started, are still there. After all- Shanghai is China, not a part of the United States. And a last after-thought—It's been mighty nice of us for the past century or so to Christianize the folks over in the Orient DAMN FOOLS IN SHANGHAI Since the United States so emphatically turned down the League of Nations, and all other similar plans for a world-wide tribunal court, and thus doomed it before it began, we have been a nation that has tried to be in the world, but not of it. Our Interests and attitude toward the Japanese- Chinese war with respect tc Shanghai is just one more point in our policy of inconsistency. When war comes, and we as a nation have refused to become u part of any world-wide tribunal to adjust such matters before they get a good start, we seem to expect that because Americans are in the way, they will or should in some miraculous manner Note to the dental profession — In Indiana dentists have Installed complete outfits in auto trailers, and will do your drilling on the fly. • * • Who was the smart publicity man that pennad- ed the state aeronautical commission, or something like that, to register a protest against the state fair airplane crash? • • • Now if we could get the Humane Society to register a protest against Captain Webb's high dive at the county fair, it might pack the grandstand. • * • It's hard to understand, but one local business firm reports that it has been unable to hire girls at 30 cents an hour ... we wonder how many unemployed girls are registered with the reemployment service . . . and farmers were unable to get farm hands . . . relief has been overdone in many cases, with the beneficiaries finding that relief is much easier than working, and coming to believe that there is no stigma connected with "being on relief." Sometimes we wonder if eliminating the names of beneficiaries from county board proceedings is an asset or a detriment to the solution of the problem. • * • diet Williams opines that there are nine fellows in town, who if not downright liars, are nt least prevaricators. He signed up 17 to go to Hampton. Sunday, for a golf match, and only eight showed up. • • • We're waiting to hear from Richard Sherman with regard to that Winchell squib from Hollywood saying he is "that way" about somebody. • * * Down on North Thmtngton. »tr«et we MOT a man cutting the lawn— he didn't belong to the family, which has a young man of lawn-cutting age, who swings a mean mashie and putter, but not on the lawn. Don't throw anything, now, son. • • • C.uc-iH we'll have to drop that pants-shorts argument with Hodge Podge— we're getting too close to the point of agreeing with each other. » • • Simile — As unlikely a* finding (the Advance without a Rood, strong anti-Roosevelt editorial. • • • With AlRona store cloning throe afternoons next week, it cannot be said that local business men expect to get any financial benefit from the fair here —in fact, we think they're pretty darned good Samaritans with their friendly gesture of cooperation. * * • Somebody ha* suggested W. Earl Hall an a candidate for republican nomination for governor in the next race. Yes, why not? Whether you agree or disagree with Earl's political views, you cannot help hut like the author of "Eye Observing." • • * Contributions to this column ore always wel- cmoe. if printable, and honestly signed by contributor. Famous l-uik Line — Well, pa, w hen's that check book; I'm off to college. \Ve curilially invite ymi to stop and see <>ur exhibit in Floral Hal! at the Kossnth < 'i.unty Fair, Sept. 7-8-9-lOth. ELECTRICAL HOME APPLIANCES MODERN LIGHT FIXTURES ELECTRICAL CONTRACTING PRATT ELECTRIC CO. L'H Fast State Street, Algona, Iowa EVEN THE FISH CAN BE LURED RN "THE BRIGHT U N O ORW/ER. E KT3G1 S LOOKING INTOTV^E GLARING LIGHTS OF fcN ONCONUNG CAR WHOSt DRWER. \S TbO' SID mx —National Safely Cornell The MARCH OF TIME B. 0. KMT. PIT. Prepared by the Editors of TIME CONGRESS WINDS UP ASTONISHING SESSION WASHINGTON: "Before the ad- ournment of Congress, will you be ;ood enough to extend to the Sente my regards and good wishes? hope that during the coming months all of you will have a hap- y vacation." After hearing this litte note from he President, unusual In that it ointedly omitted to thank the Sente for its services, that body mov- d to adjourn. Twenty-eight min- tes later the House likewise clos- d up and the 75th Congress* as- onishlng 229-day first session was ver. When the 75th Congress met last anuary it looked like one of the most efficient legislative machines U. S. history. A huge Demo- ratlc majority in both houses was ppar'ently waiting to do the Pres- lent's bidding. Last week it had ndeed proved efficient but in ways o one had anticipated. Far from lurning out a record quantity of mportant legislation, it had turn- d out almost none. Far from nd- ancing the President's program, t had all but stopped it in its rack*. Casting up the balance, olltical observers unanimously greed that whatever Congress had one in 1937, what It had not done was infinitely more important, so mportant that some believed the President would call a special scs- ion in the fall. .Major CongrPHBionai Work I'none: a bill to limit crop produc- ion, produce an "ever-normal gran- ry"; a bill to regulate wages and ours in U. S. industry and ban nterstate shipment of goods pro- uced by child labor; a bill to re- rganize the administrative branch f the government, create two new abinet departments, give the Pres- lent six special assistants; a re- ional conservation bill .parcelling ut the U. S. among "seven T. V. 's.">. .Major CongreMlonal Work Done: quasi-Neutrality Act, extending nd amending the temporary acts f 1935 and 1936; an act to allow upreme Court Justices to retire on ull pay; a modified Court Bill, ch was the ghost of the Pres- lent'g plan to enlarge the Supreme ourt; the Tax Loophole Bill des- ned to stop tax avoidance through ersonal holding company schemes; he Wagner-Steagall Bill—for slum learance in U. S. cities, a low-cost ousing program to be run by the Department of the Interior, paid or by a Federal bond issue; the ones Sugar Bill, indefinitely re- tricting imports of refined sugar rom Puerto Rico and Hawaii, which faced a sure veto. Also rufhed through for the President's signature were bills to; permit peace-time exports of helium; provide for an unemployment census by voluntary legislation; alter methods of collecting Panama Canal tolls; make larceny or burglary of natonal banks a Federal offense. Final item of the 1937 total appropriations of $9.100,000.000 (J1.290.- 000.000 more than in 19361 was last week's Third Deh'iciency Bill of $S7,622.634. Passage of the bill included a victory for the House Liberal bloc headed by noisy Maury Maverick, who wanted $20,000,000 for an experimental government farm tenancy program, $1.800.000 for the National Labor Relations Board, got both. JAPAN TRIES TO SOLVE CHINESE FIZZLE SHANGHAI: Around the Inter national Settlement built on a swamp adjoining ancient Shanghai, there has grown the sixth largest city of the world, a Chinese city of nearly 4,000.000 souls. Just outside the city at Hungjao airdrome early this month two Japanese sailors were reported murdered, whereupon Japanese Admiral Hasegawa demanded indemnity and the withdrawal of Chinese troop* to a distance of 20 miles from the Settlement. When Chinese odbjected to being ordered from their own country, Japanese sailors piled ashore to reinforce their garrison and the fighting began. Last week the Japanese Navy, long the conserva- tve, restaining element in Nippon's war politics, was fighting in Shanghai, one of the greatest battles since the World War, and fighting it al- most alone. Held in check for a time by U. S., French and British diplomacy, the tense situation exploded to the world's front pages a fortnight ago when two bombs. Intended for the Japanese flagship "Idumo" moored off Shanghai's Bund, plunked into the Palace Hotel and the Great World Amusement Palace, a mile away, snuffing out 600 lives. Eleventh day of the battle a huge naval shell burst just above the street between two crammed department stores in the Settlement, mutilating and killing over 300. Wrote AP Corespondent Morris J. Harris: "Hundreds of bodies lay In piles . . pools of blood glistened in the street-car tracks and gutters. Fragments of heads, legs and arms platsered building fronts. Some were scattered in the street two blocks away". Meanwhile, with both sides hog- wild, the battle became a major engagement involving approximately 100,000 Chinese and 60.000 Japanese troops, with the Japanese fleet of 50 vessels swollen this week to 82, not counting scores of transports arriving almost hourly at the mouth of the Yangtze River. There was a good reason to believe last week .that It wan no part of the original Japanese plan to become involved in this desparate Shanghai struggle. Their original land-grabbing intentions were confined to the Peiping area (where comparative quiet reigned last week) and they had every reason not to waste ammunition and men in Shanghai. Whether the navy's Shanghai move was a blunder, or whether Japan's demands were a bluff which China called, the result was a war big enough to endanger Japan's precarious economic structure. For the longer the war lasts, the greater will be Chinese defeats, but the greater also the danger of economic collapse in Japan. While China's Finance Minister H. H. Rung trotted happily about Vienna last week, Japanese financiers were desperately order- Ing finished steel and beginning to ship abroad quantities of Japan's email gold store and Japanese bonds dropped from 90 to 76. The Knife of War was about to silt China's throat but it was also about to slit Japan's purse. TEAPOT TEMPEST, EUROPE'S NEWEST CRISIS PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia: In a way reminiscent of pre-World War events, European diplomats gasped last week when Portuguese Dictator —Premier Ontonio de Oliviera Salazar abruptly broke off diplomatic relations with Czechoslovakia, went so far as to shut off inter-nation telephone communication. It was an action seldom taken unless war is imminent, and it occurred because of a squabble which on the surface seemed "childish: Portugal ordered 600 light machine guns from Czechoslovak Arms Manufacturing Co. at Brno for its rearmament program. The factory first agreed to supply them, later demanded a written declar ation that the arms were exclusive ly for Portuguese use, later welch on the entire order. Portugal in niaied that outside pressure had been brought to bear by "those who wish to prevent or impede Portugal's rearmanment," broke relations without warning. But since a single order of 600 light machine guns for Portugal's standing army of less than 30.000 men was obviously ridiculous, and since Dictator Salazar's Portugal is now an unofficial ally of Francisco Franco's Rightist Spain, there was no reasonable doubt whither the 600 guns were destined. The doubt lay in which of no less than three great nations wished "to prevent Portugal's rearmament." (1) Soviet Russia two years ago contracted ties with Czechoslovakia and might logically have taken a hand in the matter to help the Spanish Left. (2) France, a much older military ally of the Czechs, might not wish another Fascist neighbor in Spain, therefore have reasons for interfering. Moreover, the Brno arm* factory, 70 percent owned by the Czech government, U 30 percent owned by the Skoda munition* trust which U according to latest reports controlled by the fWnch OBftt* d* FWffca, (S) ferlt- MM fto afy at tha c*«&», it never- ttelM* * wg tttjrtr of tfte ft jfcl gun* In qdeitlttti ffutt Ut* Brno factory might Well ha** <M*hftfMW that small cfwtonter Portugal should not be Allowed to place an order that would nterfere wfth her dellvirlei Since Britain has the least interest of the three in Leftist Spain and since Portugal is he* oldest international friend (of MO yearji standing) this possBJllty geemetf Improbable, except in one particular, when Dictator Salacar withdrew his minister from Prague He entrusted Portuguese Interests in Span not to the British but to the Italian legation. U. S. "TUBS" dO~ DOWN TO THE SEA NEW YORK: The U. S. Merchant Marine, comprising 3,475 ships, or about a tenth of the world's vessels can best be defined as the rlck- etlest collection of tubs owned by any Important nation—85 per cent over 17 years old, carrying less than 40 per cent of U. S. foreign trade, grossing an estimated $200,000,OOC a year or about as much as the "pop" business. But soft drinks make money, while the merchant marine operates at a tremendous and apparently perpetual loss. Ths neglected Industry received last week such attention as ft has long deserved when Fortune published a whole issue devoted to one subject—U. S. Shipping—and offered the first thorough investlgaton of "an entirely new principle which has been injected into U. S. business on a gigantic scale . .. the principle of direct subsidy." That foreign trade is a losing- game Is the shipping man's plaint the world around, and added to the world-wide burden of (1) too many ships (2) tariffs and depressions (3) fluctuating profitable trade routes, U. S. shipping men face the complication that U. S.' wages are higher, ships costs more to build and operate than foreign bottoms. Astraddle this depressing situation, which the Government has finally recognized after years of such temporizing as mall subsidies, Its ruddy Maritime Commission Chairman Joseph P. Kennedy, onetime SEC chairman. Said Fortune of Chairman Kennedy: "With an ours-not-to-reason-why— ours-but- to-do-or-dle attitude he is out to >ut American ships on the world's :rade routes. If the shipping companies, with Government nursing, :an handle the job honestly and ef- Iciently, well and good. If not, :he Commission is well going to show them how ..." Portland Twp. Albert Manus, Milwaukee. Wis., spent Saturday with the L. J. Fairbanks. Mr. and Mrs. Mcrwyn Paine, of Omaha, Mr. and Mrs. Hollis Trainer, Burt, and Dr. and Mrs. R, M. Wallace, Algona, visited Sunday at the L. J. Fairbanks. Mr. and Mrs. Albert Reid, Plaits- mouth, Neb., called at the L. J. Fairbanks home last week Friday. They haU been on a trip to Canada. Mrs. Reid and Mrs. Fairbanks are cousins. Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Roberts plan to make a short visit soon with relatives at White Lake, S. D. They will take their niece, Roene Coffin home as' she has visted six weeks here. Mrs. Will Grover, Mrs. V. A. Smith and children and Mrs. L. M. Owen, Algona visited Friday In Des Moines at the H. F. Housh and R. J. Grover homes. Mrs. Owen stayed for a longer visit Chas. Phelps' niece, Mrs. Elsie Smith and her daughter, Shirley, Glendale, California, spent several days last week at the Phelps home. They had been visiting in Flint, Michigan, before coming here. When lo ne*d of DR. F, £. S I your «QTM thorougMy uuainnl by , Opt. Alfttft, tow*. • TV SEPT. 7-8-0-10 I CArmSHOW FORT DODGE ASSEMBLY OF NATION'S FINEST BEEF CATTLE 10 BIG PROFESSIONAL VAUDEVILLE ACTS 0 TROOPS U. S. CAVALRY •TELEVISION TEST? • BIG DANCING REVUE •FAMOUS SPEAKERS •JALLOPY RACE •BEEF CATTLE PARADE? • FREE COOKING SCHOOL • BALLOON ASCENSIONS • PUBLIC WEDDING • CARNIVAL ON MIDWAY 7 • HORSE, PONY and TEAM AND WAGON RACES I GEN. ADM.—.ADULTS 2Sc; CHILDREN 10o Lucille Nelson, who has been employed at the Leo Lampes, Bancroft, returned Sunday to the parental William Nelson home. 'MILWAUKEE, 5T PAUL / RECORD BREAKING SCHEDULE TO CHICAGO Never before In history has (her* buen such kit serrioe. Hours saved. Nev« luoh a convenient schedule. Only an afternoon ea route. Merer such oomtortabl* accommodation*. Luxurious alr-oondittoaed oats. Parkjour car at (he nearest Milwaukee Road station and ride this new flyer. Not* the time saving schedule and low fares. AIR- CONDITIONED EQWnKNT •d ctim — pulof— •oUrlam car. Lu» nry lonag* coach**, Dtnlog car Mirio* oUorlaa 9O< lunch•001 awl 6St dia- nr*. Betl*t nrric*. CONDENSED SCHEDULE— Train No. !•— Direct eoBBaefloti at Marmiatte loi D.b.qn.; at Uadlaoc, aid laaaa- vllla lot MUwaaka*. L*. Mason city . t». Ckartaa City . Lv. Naw Mamplon Lv. Calnur • Lv. Postvilla . Lv. Marqutlta Lv. Wauiaka. . Lv. BvccolMl Lv. Lena Rock Ar. Mazomania > V. Madlton . . Ar. Stoufhtoii . Ar. JsMsvIM* Ar.Chlcaco - 12:0lp.m. . 12:38 o-m. . 12:S9p.m, ldBp.ni. $12.71 11.79 11.02 10.03 9.3ft 3:18 p. m. 3:29 P. m. 3:57 p. m. 4:18 p. m. 4:45 p,m. »:12p.m. E:4«p. r*. 1-AOf.m. •5 Alto ttopi at corfaja tafa/niaolfa For full latarmaUoa, llcktli and ruwraf jont, ail roar atantt MUteaukn Rood Agfat Ufa, MILWAUKEE ROAD WE HAVE THEM! the 1938 PACEMAKER SPEED MODEL TYPEWRITERS CORONA All ready for the opening of school, or for all your writing .jobs at home. A model for every jnir.se. Handsome, sturdy, easy to operate. Come in and try one out today. » UNDERWOOD Portables, made by the largest typewriter firm in the world . . . new 19:)8 models here, touch control, streamlined for beauty, accuracy, and each one guaranteed. SEE THEM ON DISPLAY AT THE Algona Upper Des Moines BARRY'S BEER BEST

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