The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 1, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, September 1, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 139 Blythevllle Courier Blytheville Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTKBAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1953 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTf On Tax Cut Issue: Compromise May Result GOP-Administration Clash May Be Avoided, Solon Says By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON (AP) — Rep. Richard M. Simpson (R-Pa) said today that Congress may compromise on a cut of about 4 per cent in corporation income taxes on April 1. Any such compromise, he indicated, would be part of a program aimed at averting bitter tax clashes between the Eisenhower administration and some key Republicans in Congress, such as flared during the past session. . Under present laws, corporation Income taxes are due to drop automatically on April 1 from 52 percentage points to 47 on a corporation's taxable income— which would mean that a corporation's tax bill would be lowered by about 10 per cent. That would cost, about annually in two billion dollars fight in Congress. revenue at a time when the admn- istration is -struggling toward a j to be fulfilled. For example, a corporation mak- •ng $100,000 profit under the preset rate would pay $52,000 tax. tinker the lower rate it would pay j. 47,000. This would be 55,000, or I/nearly 10 per cent, less. ~ President Eisenhower has urged ndefinite postponement of the cut, nit the request s sure to stir a tfght in Congress. '. May Split Difference ' Simpson, third-rani ing Republican member of the tax-writing louse Ways and Means Commit- •ee, said the final result may be to fix the rate at 50 points—roughly splitting the difference between the administration and supporters of the full reduction scheduled. Such a result would lower a corporation's tax bill by about 4 per cent. Simpson said in an interview this might produce enough revenue to balance the budget if the administration, as some congressmen predict, also calls for a broader and excess profits tax also dies on the same date, complicating the drive to keep revenue high enough for pay-as-you-go federal spending. Postponement of any corporate income tax cut would just about balance out the loss in revenue from the excess profits tax. Chairman Daniel A. Reed (RNY> of the Ways and Means Committee, who fought to the last ditch against Eisenhower's move to extend the profits tax from July 1 to Jan. 1, already has indicated opposition to extending present corporate rates. Reed said recently the scheduled reduction is a promise and ought DRIVE-IN DEPOSITORY — The First National Bank here began its new drive-in banking service this morning. Shown above is the teller's "cage," located in the alley behind the bank. Depositors conduct their banking business via a drawer the teller extends to the car and a public address system enables them to converse. Bank officials say drivers should be heading east when they approach the window inorder to put the depositor nearest it. (Courier News Photo) Italian-Yugoslav Border Incident Brings Formal Protest from Tito LONDON (AP) — Marshal Tito's government today formally accused Italy of frontier provocations and warned that Yugoslavia will "discard all responsibility" for what might happen if the incidents continue. percentage! A stiffly-worded note delivered in Rome today protested "energetically" against what j the dif- if- ca ii ec i "the armed demonstrations o£ the Italian units along the Yugoslav-Italian frontier." more uniform (sales) taxes. system of excise Eisenhower, in a tax message to Congress last May, said that although the 52 per cent corporate ,V rate is "too high for the long run, *T the budget will not now permit a reduction in both individual and regular corporate tax rates. A reduction in individual taxes must come first, for the benefit of the entire economy." Individual Cut Okayed The administration has said it will let a 10 per cent cut for individual income tax payers take effect as scheduled on Jan. 1. The The note, as summarized in a Belgrade Radio broadcast, also "expressed expectation that the j Italian government will renounce I such methods so that these acts might not become a precdent in the further relations between the two countries'." The border incident was magnified in importance toy the latest flareup in the 7-year-old feud between Italy and Yugoslavia over Trieste. Italy has "categorically" denied the Yugoslav charge and a foreign ministry spokesman in Rome said the accusation was "absurd and fantastic." The Belgrade Radio said that an Italian war/plane had circled 1,028 Osceolans X-Royed to Dote over Yugoslav territory yesterday, "while in the evening there was machineg'un fire and rifle shooting on the Italian side." The broadcast described these alleged incidents as "further provocations by the Italian army." Th frontier violation charge "fightiny order." The intruders, near Nova Gorica and deployed in the radio continued, returned to their own soil "only at the second summons of the Yugoslav frontier Other Italian troops, the broadcast claimed, carried out maneuv- was announced last night by Bel-! era along the border. Italy moved prade radio after a weekend of j two divisions toward the Yugoslav stress sparked by Italian fears that i frontier north of -Trieste Sunday Belgrade planned to annex the . but claimed their shift constituted Yugoslav occupation zone in divkl- • r?ly "routirie exercises,*'. ed Trieste. TKo^g'^rnment 3!;j. has denied any such intentions. Border Crossing: '*'' The broadcast claimed that 23 Italian soldiers armed with automatic weapons had crossed about 164 feet into Yugoslav territory Flood Danger Passes !n Texas, But Threat Of Disease Lingers ROBSTOWN, Tex. (AP) — Flood dangers subsided with The last of a four-day series of ree^ chest x-ray clinics was held A total of an persons received ' receding water today but threats of disease lingered after 10 x-rays in yesterday's clinic there ' days of SOUth Texas Cloudbursts. Thousands forced from their] Uvalde's city limits measured up !>«, _?;o v fi,rtimertj^circles ap- 'pea'fed to' be taking a somewhat calmer v*iew of the situation following the Yugoslav denial of any annexation plans. Premier Giuseppe Pella left Kome yesterday for a vacation after conferring with diplomatic representatives of the United States, Britain and France. A dispafch from Bled, Yugoslavia, said some quarters in that country believe that Tito is considering an appeal to Pe'la for direct bilateral talks aimed at ] settling the future of Trieste, a source of friction between the two countries since World War II. Farm Programs Fall Short, Sec. Benson Says Too Little Income, Security, USDA Head Claims MINERAL SPRINGS, S. C. W— Secretary of Agriculture Benson said' today government farm programs give the farmer too little income and too litlle security, yet at the cost of too much dependence upon Washington. "I am sure you agree with me that we- should not pile up huge excesses of food in storage when it could, and should, go into stom- _ _ „...,..„.,„, acrjfi,'i?Jie said, "that we should tavov it decided,'the tribunal ov- not accumulate vastly excessive [ derod four reinstated in their jobs, stocks of fibers at the expense of I money damages of $7,000 to S4G,- the public. Neither should we price 000 to six others who do not wnnt our products out of normal mar- to go back to work for the U. N., UN Ordered To Re-Hire Americans Firing Of Nine Others Upheld UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — A United Nations high tribunal ordered the U. N. today to restore jobs to four em- ployes and pay damages totaling $122,500 to seven others. All of them American citizens, they were fired because they refused to answer U. S. government questions about alleged Communist ties. The four - member international board, highest appeals court for the U. N. stuff, held for an em- ploye (o invoke the U. S. fifth amendment in refusing to answer such questions did not violate any U. N. staff rules. But the tribunal upheld the firing of nine others—seven involved in Communist inquiries and two for non-political reasons—because they were "temporary-indefinite" em- ployes whom the U. N. secretary general could dismiss if he thought such action was in the interests of (he international organization. Ten of the 11 granted reinstatement or damages had so-colled permanent contracts of employment. The llth employe. Ruth Crawford former information officers for the U. N. International Children's Emergency Fund, had admitted a year's membership in the Communist Party, terminating in 1936, but ivas fired by former Secretary General Trygve Lie because she refused to tell the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee who invited her to join the party in 1935. The appeal of still another "permanent" employe, Eugene Walach, a language services steno- lypint, was referred back to the aff joint appeals board for another hearing. He had appeared before a federal grand jury in- 'estignting subversion. The U. N. m announcing his tiring said he bad not given a complete account of former employment as required by U. N. regulations. Of the 11 employes In whose POW Exchange Nearing End 100 More Americans Released by Reds PANMUNJOM (AP) — The Korean War prisoner exchange moved into its fifth and possibly last week today with 100 more Americans returning to freedom from North kets. $10,000 damages and salary "Where such conditions exist, we until her pension begins in 1955 would be derelict In our duty if to Jane Reed, 58-year-old library bringing the total for the first three days to 1,028. Since the county-wide clinics began Aug. 4, a total of 7,032 persons have been x-rayed. homes remained in emergency shelters again last night as health authorities gave typhoid inocula- Tomorrow, the mobile x-ray unit tions and warned residents of this will be located at the Wilson Tav- i wide 9 ulf Coast area near Corpus ern in Wilson and .on Thursday it will move to the Dyess Drug store In Dyess. The last day of the clinic I ..Si serics wil1 be Friday, when the unit • v will be located at the Ben -Butler Co. in Joiner. Registrars yesterday were Mrs. Allan Segraves, Mrs. L. K. Harwarg, Mrs. Bruce Colbert. Mrs. Guy Robbins, Mrs. Louis George and Mrs. Garver Bobbins. Osceoia Youth Stricken by Polio OSCEOLA—Wathen Prewitt III 13-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs w' W. Prewitt, Jr., has been placed in the isolation ward of Le Bonheur Hospital in Memphis with a mild case of polio. The youth had complained of a headache Saturday night, and Dr C. W. Silverblatt diagnosed the illness as polio yesterday, accordihg to members of the family. No paralysis has developed. Young Prewitt had attended the national Boy Scout jamboree held in California earlier during the summer, and was reported to have been "tired" since his return home He is the grandson of Osceoia Municipal Judge W. w. Prewitt j Christ! to boil drinking water. Yesterday was the first day since last Thursday that heavy downpours skipped this flood plagued city, and nearby Sinton. More than 2,500 were chased from their homes during the downpours. Robstown city cfiiciais said it would be some time before the city is free of flood waters. A lake almost three miles wide circled the greatest part of the city's outskirts. The main residential district and the business district was slowly drying out last night. Health officials said that since flood waters covered about 1,000 pit privies in the town's outskirts that flood water must be assumed to be contaminated. No Damage Estimate Mayor Dudley Dunlap of Robstown said no damage estimate was available. Although the heavy rains skipped Robstojvn and Sinton yesterday, the heaviest in nine years flooded Uvalde in the goat-and-honey country west of San Antonio. Eain in Weather to 6 inches. Uvalde is the home of former Vice President John Nance Garner. Porty ? families, hurriedly evacuated,' had" returned to their horaes early today and were cleaning inch- i ent L. H. Autry, beginning his thick mud Jrom floors and furni- ! twenty-sixth year in that capacity, Registration Set at Burdette Enrollment Is Friday; School Starts Tuesday we 'did not seek improvements. But let it be very clear that seeking improvements in farm programs does not mean seeking lower prices or lower Income for farm- j era." Benson, in a speech prepared for the Darlington County Agricultural Society meeting here, said his department is tackling the problem in various ways, through grassroots studies and by seeking out the views of the best professional people in agriculture. "We have already progressed far enough. ... to learn that no single solution is appropriate for all commodities," he continued. Korean prison camps. The Communists promised to hand back another 100 Americans tomorrow, as \vell as 200 South Koreans for a total of 300—the smallest daily dramatic swap ago. Riding happily into Panmunjom on open trucks today were two high-ranking Allied officers, both with many months of Red captivity behind them. Besides the 100 Americans, 25 total since the started 28 days He said the alternative was a 100-mile march over frozen highways—"tantamount to a death sentence." More Promised With the exchange moving into its final days, the Beds, as of Tuesday, had returned 2,927 Americans of the 3,313 they originally said they held. The Communists have since indicated they hold more and have promised to repatriate all who want to go home. British, 20 Turks. 5 Australians and They have given no figures, how£50 South Koreans returned to freedom Tuesday. One • was Lt. Col. James P. Carne, commander of the 1st Battalion of Britain's gallant Glouces- tershire Regiment, which was all but wiped out when cut off in the Imjin River battle in April 1951. Carne, puffing a pipe, hopped off a Red truck and told Allied officers who greeted him, "It feels great to be back." The other top-ranking repatriate was an American, Lt. Col. Paul V. Liles, a West Pointer who spent almost three years as a prisoner. He told a grim tale of systematic Communist pressure on prisoners to make them sign confessions and make propaganda broadcasts. He said he and a group of pris.'ssrs who had been nearly starved to death were forced by the Reds to broadcast over Pyongyang radio. ever. But one American released, Tuesday said about 350 Allied sergeants, mostly Americans, were still awaiting repatriation at Kaesong, the Red holding point just north of Panmunjom. The returnee, M. Sgt. Robert Barkovic of International Falls, Minn., said he did not-know the number of enlisted men or officers left because they were kept in compounds apart from noncommissioned officers. Sgt. 1. C William f. Border of Jersey City, N.J., who also was freed Tuesday, estimated between 500 and 800 U.N. captives were still at Kaesong, not including 40 others being held at a special compound. He said the 40 had been accused of "propaganda crimes" and would See TOW on Page 5 Teachers Begin Three-Day Session Of Pre-School Work A three-day pre-scnool workshop for teachers in the Blytheville School District got under way this We shall use wisely the pro- morning at the Senior High School BURDETTE — The Burdette grams of aid available, but we shall with a general meeting of all fa- School will open its 1D53-54 term also lay the groundwork for a fu- ct'Uy members. This afternoon, the teachers Friday for all classes, Superintend-! not more but less dependence upon heard an address by Don E. Black- with registration to be con'ducted ture in which farmers will require announced this .norning. ture. High water closed roads north ,., T „ ,r i i 1 '^. niK iiii;uii.y w(n uu uumuuseu I and south out of Uvalde. In Gulf| of John Rod h , h school Hpr , n . f Coast flatlands between Harlingenj cipa]i science and senlor ma the- : the government in Washington—j mon, assistant state commissioner and will have not less but more ' of education. This was followed by ability to work out their own prob- a business meeting of the BIythe lems." Powerful Russian A-BIast Announced WASHINGTON (AP) — Russia has produced another atomic explosion, the government announced last night, and evidence thus far available to U. S. experts indicates it was not a hydrogen blast although perhaps of considerable power. ""•" ''"' ...... "••" "" "- ----- The date was Aug. 23, the Atomic Energy Commission statement said, and "the explosion was in the same range of energy release as our recent Nevada tests, and said categorically, however, whether it disclosed an the explosions it detected. .The dates of the previous an. , nouncements, all made shortly af- would appear to be part of a ser- j ler the actual explosions, wero les -" ' Sept. 23, 1349, Oct. 3, 1951, and "If this proves to he the fact," the commission added, "no further Oct. 22. 1951. The exact method used in dete and almost to Houston, a newspaper editor said two to three feet matics; Ben Allen, social science; W. B. Hobson, vocational agricul- of water surrounded thousands of<ture: Harold Stockton, coach; Mrs. homes, covered fields and stood in j Lois Stephens, English; Mrs. Har-! EHS Enrollment Reaches 400 ville Teachers Association presided over by Miss Alice Marie Ross, president. Dr. Henry Krnnenberg, dean of the University of Arkansas School | of Education, js scheduled to ad-' closure in less than two weeks that j dress the teachers at 0:30 a.m. the Russians had produced announcement will be made unless : (ion is secret, but it is known to intelligence Indicates information | include among other factors the of greater Interest." ; sampling of the upper air for the There were blasts of varying \ radioactivity produced by any power in the 11-shot series which i atomic explosion. Ihe United States conducted last spring at its proving ground in the Nevada desert, and to which the AEC compared the latest Russian | effort. I • The last one, on June 4, was • generally described as the largest '. atomic explosion ever to be set off I in the United States proper. It was i estimated to be the equivalent of i 50,000 tons of TNT, or about 2 '• times as powerful as the bomb dronped on Hiroshima. Effects of the U. S. blast June were seen or felt up to 500 miles i from the test site. This was the second U. S. dls- erafe Atomic •iResearch Teams rural roads. some farmers and ranchers I old Stockton, junior high English ! Ho. lorrow. Reports of meetings at- atomic explosion. The earlier one -- ...„.. _... Some 400 pupils had registered by tended during the summer by varl- on Aug. 19, seven days after it, Except in the Uvalde area where i an<i library; Mrs. Selma Morgan,! this morning lor the 1953-54 term i ous staff members will follow. i occurred, gave a measure of of/i- said j junior high mathematics. A home j ol Blytheville High School, and! A second meeting of the Teach-; clal American confirmation to I little economics teacher position is to be: roughly 75 more were expected to ers Association tomorrow afternoon j Moscow's claim that Russian sci-' the drought was broken. Have Larger Group Than We Thought, U.S. Scientist Says By FRANK CAKEY WASHINGTON W)_An American y Harrison High persons will be killed in traffic accidents in the United States over the Labor Day weekend. D • • The council expects a record 40; {vSCJISlfOtlOn million vehicles on the highways j J during the period from 6 p. m.' next Friday until midnight Monday. Sept. 7. President Ends 6-Day Vacation In Rocky Mountains Today Set for Friday Registration of Harrison High School students will be held from 8 a.m. until 4 p.m. Friday, It was announced today by Leo D. Jef- fcrs, principal. . group meet-1 ings of elementary and secondary j only of "a fission explosion ... Dr R , , pn L . worked teachers will be held. Jin Russian territory." Convention-j lnc wartime »oricea on Watch Theft Brings explosion of Aug. 12. Tnen the Mos- tion with stealing a watch from Mr. Nicholson gave a welcoming w paper Pravda first broke the j -thermonuclear talk and invocation was given by fined $100 and costs sentenced to four months on the County Farm. i the Eev - w - •>• priest in ; charge of St. Stephen's'Episcopal FRASER, Colo, an— President Eisenhower ends a six-day vacation ARKANSAS - Generally fair this ll^t™^ *°±!l!^, ""? afternoon, tonight and Wednesday; not much change in temperature. MISSOURI — Generally fair tonight and Wednesday; little temperature change. Maximum yesterday—100. Minimum yesterday—73. Sunset today—6:27. Sunrise tomorrow—5:33. Precipitation lust 24 hours to 6:30 p.m. yesterday—none. Mean temperature (midway between hlfih and low)—89.5. Precipitation Jim. 1 to date—32.76. Tills rme Last Year Minimum vcr.f,-; d - v-fi7. r \:rnum ymc ':iy—^8. Precipitation January I to dalo — 32.28. returns to the summer White House in Denver. The President arranged to leave the ranch of his old friend Aksel Nielsen late In the day for the 10- mile drive back to Denver. There he will headquarter again at Lowry Alr'Force'Base and live nt the home of Mrs. Eisenhower's mother, Mrs. John s. Doud. The routine in Denver will be business in the mornings and golf In the afternoons—as it was from Aug. 8, when he arrived from Washington' until he left for Frascr last Thursday. Eisenhower pul, in tbout aft Seniors who did not register last spring will register Friday, he said.i — This year's enrollment Is expectedr% f i • **, r\ i y-,. h Tm y ™%rrouis^^ ac Pulaski Court Rules Ginners Classes will begin Monday at 8:40 a.m. A pie-school conference of teachers Is scheduled to begin today and continue through Tllurs- which runs through the Nielsen ranch, to Improve the trout fishing. Nielsen told newsmen it was "long range project" designer! to make the fishing better next season, but he also voiced the hope it might help the President land a few more trout before leaving today. Elsenhower fished for a while yesterday, but there was no word on his catch. The President said he hopes to stay In Colorado until about Sept. 20. He also had Indicated he would stay longer if It weren't for two speaking engagements in Ma.ssa- chuietls Sept. 21. day. Inside Today's Courier News ...Society News .page 4... ...Williams Blasts Indians... Football Preview...Sports..pajcs 6 and 7 ... ...Associated Press News In ...Comlrs., Television SchccI- I Exempt from Paying Use Tax LITTLE ROCK—Judge Mildiellj Following Judge Cockrell's rul- Coekrell ruled In Pula.skl Circuit; ing. the Revenue Department ap- Court here yesterday that the Ar-jpealed the decision to the State kansas use tax does not apply to; Supreme Court. A decision by the machinery and equipment pur'has-| tribunal Is expected about Dec. 1. ed by cotton glnners. Styled W. A. Arkansas Commi . In his ruling, Judge Cockrell said Henderson vi the I thc " Sl! tax docs not a PP'y "> Kln- ™, m Sncr of Rove- "er» in that they are manufacturers nues, the suit was filed on behalf or Processors within thc meaning of of (.he Arkansas-Mlssaurl Dinners '-he clause In the law which ex- Assoclatton, which has headriu.n-.! "npts such firms from paying the tcra In Blytheville, In connerlinn: use tax. .Some 250 ginners arc rcp- with the two per cent slate lax , res:Tiled by the association. ;lr-vipfl on certain items pin-chared] The Blytheviilc law firm of Reid , i out-ol-stat« for use In Arkansas. ' and Roy represented thc glnners, I iiit.i iHuimi;iu<it news to the world, and the official I acljon as wcl] a United States announcement followed a few hours later. In addition to the t\vo Russian i blasts last month, the United : States has announced thnt it tie- ' tected three others. It has never ' Dr. Lapp toM (hydrogen) re- s a fission type— reporter: Same Series "It is curious that the Russians appear to have tesled a hydrogen' type of (It-vice in the earlier test :ind then followed it up so quickly with a test of the fission type alone. It indicates almost simultaneous testing of two kinds of devices in what would appear to be the same series of tests. "This Indicates that Russia up- OSCEOLA — Strikers at the site parontly has enough atomic scicn- of the Crompton Corduroy plant i lists to have two separate teams here resumed construction work at j working on two different develop- Crompton Plant Walkout Ended noon yesterday after a work stop-' lage involving hiring of non-union labor was ended yesterday. The striking construction workers agreed to return to their Jobs ncnts and capable';of conducting virtually simultaneous tests. "This, In turn, would indicate that we (the United States) have when an agreement was reached n g a i n underestimated Russian between union and company otfi-j » lomic capability and would, sug- clals concerning the .status ol sev- 'Rest that the Unllcd States needs eral non-union members employed] lo re-evaluate such Russian capa- on thc Job. blllty."

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