The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 24, 1954 · Page 1
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May 24, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, May 24, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 53 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MAY 24. 1954 Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENT! Political Situation In Viet Nam Said To Be Deteriorating Only Bold Steps Can Save Nation Since Fall of Dien, Diplomats Say By JOHN RODERICK SAIGON, Indochina (AP) — American diplomats here say the political situation in war-torn Viet Nam has deteriorated rapidly since the fall of Dien Bien Phu. They contend only bold steps can save the government. is expected to open a new phase in French-American talks on pos- Negro Leaders Seek Quick Action to End Segregation in South I ATLANTA (AP) — Negro leaders throughout the South I will petition local boards of education to eliminate school segregation immediately in the first mass follow-up of the U. S. ' Supreme Court ruling on segregation. That strategy was disclosed yes- ments and federal aid for educa- Sec. Stevens Takes Complete Responsibility for Charges This became known today as French study of steps necessary to bolster Indochina's defenses reached near-completion. Washington reports have said this study Sec. Eden To Geneva Briton Seeks To Break Deadlock By EDDY GILMORE GENEVA (AP) — British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden flew back to Geneva today for a final effort to break the East-West deadlocks on Indochina and Korea. Arriving- by special plane from London, where he consulted Prime Minister Churchill and other Cabinet members, Eden declined to comment on secret instructions he waS reported to be carrying. Before leaving London, however, he agreed with an opinion expressed by other Western sources here that the next week or two will be decisive. It was expected Eden's instructions might determine how much longer the Geneva conference would . last. Today's secret" nine- party session on Indochina opened its fifth week. The United States already has made it clear to Britain and France it is ready to end the East- West talks on Korea and Indochina at any time. Western observers said the next leaders of the National Assn. for the Advancement of Colored People from 18 states. Issuing an "Atlanta declaration," the NAACP officials called for integration at all school levels and advocated Negro teacher assign- sible U.S. intervention in the Indo- Chinese war. American diplomats are worried, however, lest the French- sponsored Vietnamese government of former Emperor Bao Dai col- laps before outside help can be brought to keep it on its feet. Morale Damaged In overwhelming French Union forces at Dien Bien Phu = the Vietminh dealt a heavy blow at the morale of the Vietnamese backing Bao Dai's administration. As a first measure to bolster it, the United States will recommend soon that Bao Dai hurry home from Europe to take over active leadership again. The Viet Nam chief has been on the French Riviera for more than a month awaiting the outcome of the Geneva conference on Asia and negotiations for complete independence which his officials are carrying on with the French at Paris. Although the period is extremely critical, most of his Cabinet ministers also are at Geneva, Paris or elsewhere outside the country. , , _ „,, , , „ . Several important decisions have i J? r ° f St ". Stephen's Episcopal Churcn, giving the invocation and the Rev. G. M. Gresham, pastor of Beacon Baptist Church, the benediction. Following the presentation of the diplomas, W. B. Nicholson, superintendent of schools, will give a resume of school year 1953-54. Opening the program will be a prelude. "May Night," played by 118 BHS Seniors To Get Diplomas Friday Night Commencement Set for 8 p.m. in School Auditorium The 118 members of the Blytheville High School senior class will receive their diplomas from Paul Pryor, president of the board of education, at the high school Auditorium Friday at 8 p.m. Max B. Reid, Blytheville attorney, will deliver the main address with the Rev. W. J. Fitzhugh, pas- j spea king of Russell: "Frightened tion. Thurgood Marshall, special legal counsel for the NAACP, and Walter White, executive secretary, were the chief spokesmen in the meetings. Marshall, who represented the organization in the Supreme Court arguments, said there would not be "time for imaginary problems" in ending school segregation. He did not estimate how long it would take, however. Warns Against ^Juggling- He warned 4 against juggling school districts to evade the court ruling, although he said he recognizes the right of school boards to set up district lines. The NAACP will take up the subject of segregation in other fields when it meets in Dallas next month, Marshall said. White assailed three critics of the Supreme Court—Gov. Herman Talmadge of Georgia, Gov. James F. Byrnes of South Carolina and Sen. Richard B. Russell (D-Ga). He described Talrriadge and Byrnes as '"the most pathetic figures in American life today . . . in then: frustration and bitterness." Both governors are shaping plans to evade the court ruling. White made this comment in not ben carried out. Before Bao Dai left for France, he signed decrees creating a war cabinet with wide powers and assigned Premier Prince Buu Loc to draw up plans fur a provisional national assembly. The cabinet, at its first meeting, ordered total mobilization of all men between 21 and 25 for military service. Measures Not in Effect Due largely to sharp differences between government officials, no steps have been takn -yt to put thse measures into effect. Th French military study is be- by the possibility that Herman Talmadge might run against him for the United States Senate. Sen. Russell made one of the most intemperate speeches of recent years on the floor of the United States Senate, denouncing the United States Supreme Court." The NAACP leader added that this scotched Russell's "burning ambition to be president of the Emily Damon followed by the class j United states » and at the same FLOODED OUT — Floodwater's climb the sides of the farm buildings in the North Bonners Ferry district in Idaho as the Kootenai River flood spreads. This view is to the southeast and across the river from the town. Eight thousand m. acres of farmland have been inundated, but flood fighters hold high hopes of saving the town itself and 30.000 threatened acres of farmland. (AP Wircphoto) processional, "Grand March From Aida." * Following the invocation the high school choir, directed by Mrs. Wilson Henry and accompanied by Ralph Nichols and Emiiy Damon. ing made by Gen. Paul Ely, chief will sing- two selections, "Give Me of staff of the French Army. He is to return to Paris soon to report to a French-American conference, Scheduled to open early in June. Officials in Washington said his recommendations, which may call for a shakeup in the French command in Indochina, will provide a basis for an expected French pro- few days should show whether the J posal for American action. Communists actually aire willing j French and American soldiers who have made a close study of the military situation since the collapse of Dien Bien Phu do not feel Indochina is a lost cause from this standpoint. to negotiate a settlement or merely are stalling to gain military advantages in the Indochina fighting. French . Foreign Minister Georges Bidault, who returned from Paris this morning, was reported to have talked over the general Indochina situation with French officials. Chances Slim Western delegates were agreed the chances for a settlemnt on ither Indochina or Kora seemed slim. United States already has reached the conclusion the Communists are stalling while they prepare for a. major offensive against the rich Red River delta in North Indochina. The British have insisted, despite the dim outlook, that the talks should be continued until every possibility has been exhausted. The French, for internal political reasons, have fel$ the West must avoid any appearance of being too hasty about breaking off -negotiations. It now appears the Western powers are approaching the time When they must decide on some sort of deadline. The United States was understood to feel a decision on a cutoff date is vital in view of Britain's public declarations that he will make no military commitments for intervention in Indochina while the Geneva talks are in progress. This policy has become a serious barrier between British and American leaders. In the opinion of the United States, it has weakened the bargaining power of the West at Geneva and has stalled See CONFERENCE on Page 3 Your Tired,-Your Poor" and "Battle Hymn of the Republic." The recessional will be "War March of Priests." Seniors wno will receive diplomas are Peter Abbott, Nellie Aliens- worth, Lloyd Alley, Luella Alsup, Max Anderson, Martha J. Aycock, Ivan Bell, Mary Bingham, Robert Birmingham, Felix Bowen, Char- time supplied' the Kremlin with propaganda material. No Comment Russell said in Washington that he had no comment. In the statement issued here-ine. NAACP officials noted that "school officials will have certain administrative problems in transferring from a segregated to a, nonseg- Poinseft Planter, 2 Children Drown Boat Accident Takes Lives of Three Near Trumann TRUMANN, Ark. (/P) — The body of Harry Ritter. 55, o" Marked Senator Sees Possible Deadlock on Farm Bill WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) said today there is a "possibility" that Congress will deadlock over farm legislation and thus let flexible price supports go into effect under existing law. Knowland, the Senate's Republi- hns said he would recommend a Tree and the bodies of his 11-vear! can leader, said in ^an interview old son and 5-year-old daughter yesterday were recovered from the St. Francis Riv . he doesn't know what Ls going to happen in the controversy which has found many Democrats and regated system," but add'ed: "We j persons W hb operated more than will resist the use of any tactics contrived for the sole purpose of delaying desegregation." Talmadge did not comment afterwards on the NAACP's plan for Poinsett County Coroner Paul some Republicans lined up behind Thompson Jr.. identified the chil- proposals to continue price props dren as Harry Ritter Jr., and Margaret Ritter. He ruled the three deaths "accidental drowning." Recovery of the bodies culminated an all-night search by about 200 lene Bridgewater. Harry Buffing- approaching local school boards, ton, Patricia Caldwell, Robert He did say, however: "The people Childress, Sammye Coleman, Jack > of Georgia well know my views. Conley, Mary Kay Crafton. Demetra Crews, Lawana Cun- See SENIORS on Page 3 Dien Airlift Total: 422; Nurse Reaches Hanoi BULLETIN HANOI, Indochina (AP) — Lt. Genevieve de Galard Terraube, the heroic nurse of Dien Bien Phu, arrived by plane today and said she was in good health. As long as I'm governor of Georgia there will be no mixed schools. I am not interested in pleasing Communists at home or abroad." Talmadge said on a CBS program yesterday that .the state will not comply with Court decision. the Supreme "It would take several divisions of troops to police every school building in Georgia and then they wouldn't be able to enforce it," he said. Another defiant note carne from Sea Island. Ga.. where Leander Perez of Baton Rouge, La., declared that interracial marriages are the "ultimate objective" of the NAACP. Perez, national director of the States Rights Committee, appeared with Georgia's Lt. Gov. One hundred and thirty casual- . They had been airlifted by heli- I Marvin Griffin on an MBS pro- HANOI, Indochina (AP) — French, army headquarters announced today 422 French wounded have been evacuated thus far from the fallen fortress of Dien Bien Phu. 40 boats along the river Saturday night. The rescue operation enlisted crews from Trumann and Marked Tree. The .search started on major field crops at 90 per cent of parity. But he said "It certainly is a possibility" that the two houses of Congress will fail to agree on a farm bill. President Eisenhower has urged abandonment of the present system of mandatory price supports on basic field crops at 90 per cent Saturday afternoon after Ritter and | O f parity and it's replacement by his children failed to return from j a system of flexible props ranging a boat trip up the river. from 75 to 90 per cent of parity. All three bodies were recovered j Parity is a standard for measur- between 7:15 and 7:45 a.m. J \ n g farm prices said by law to give Sheriff Lee Wright said appar- f armers a fair return in relation ently Ritter had drowned in an at-1 to pr j ces they pay for things they tempt to save the lives of his children after the boat struck a snag and threw them into the water. Ritter was vice president of the buy. Law on Books Congress in 1948 and 1949 put E. Ritter Telephone Co., which ° n th e books a flexible support serves eight east Arkansas'towns; j system, although not in the form vice president of the St. Francis i the Eisenhower administration has Valley Motor Co.. and an official j recommended. But is has post- of the Marked Tree Bank. | poned its effective date from year Surviving is the widow Margaret; ! to yeas* continuing the rigid 90 per presidential veto if Congress votes for rigid supports. Knowlnnd said: "If there is a deadlock in Congress or a bill passed that the President doesn't approve, the flexible supports will still go into effect." Democrats Blamed Despite the uncertainty over the farm issue, Knowland said he believes Congress will come up with a program of accomplishments that will convince the voters they ought to keep the GOP in control of Congress. He blamed Democrats for defeat of two of Eisenhower's proposals: revision of the Taft-Hnrtley Act and a proposed constitutional amendment to give the vote to 18- year-olds. Both died in the Senate. Knowland p redacted that the GOP will go to the voters with a program that includes tax reduc- expansion, reciprocal tions, social security a year's extension of two teenage daughters. June and Ann; a brother, L. R. Ritter; and his mother, Mrs. Anna Ritter, all of Marked Tree. Funeral services were held today at Marked Tree Methodist Church. Earl Brink USAF C-46 Disappears With Five Men Aboard DALLAS (IP) — An Air Force C-46 j flying from El Paso to San Antonio j disappeared last night with five pi-.,.* I «*e<> persons aboard, and is presumed rid 115 kUaT to have crashed, Civil Air Patrol headquarters here announced. Colonel George A. Brewer, Jr., commanding officer of the Texas ties — a record number for one j copters and light planes to Luang day — arrived in Hanoi last night. Prabang, the royal Laotian capital, and flown the rest of the way in transport planes. The French command also announced the Communist-led Vietminh had agreed to release a grand total of 858 wounded, including all nationalities represented in Dien Bien Phu's defense contingent. The rebls prviously had said thy would release 753. Repairs Promised A message from the Vietminh high command, received at French headquarters last night, promised to repair the main airstrip at Dien Bien Phu to make it usable for transport planes. The message asked the French to send army engineers and mine detectors to help remove mines from the field. The message apparently replied to a French offer May 17 of aid in repairing the strip to speed the evacuation. French officers said the command had agreed to the wing of the CAP, said 20 search planes were scouring the area around Kerrville, where the two- engine craft was last reported. /nff'c/t Today's Courier News . . . Oldtimers Have Big Day in Major Learner . • • Time Running Out on Sam Snead . . . Game and Fish Commission Newt . . . Sport* . . . p*f es 6 and 7. . • ... Caution* Optimism Needed in Present Bu»lne»s Trend . . . Editorial!* . . . page 4 . . . . . Redd Not Likely to Accept Anything But Surrender by West in Alia. . . First in a Series . . . PM« I. . . Explorers Club Plans Last Meet Until September The Explorers Club will hold its last meeting until September at 7 p.m. Friday at Hotel Noble when Earl Brink will present a color travelog film on "Tahiti and the South Seas." Mrs. C. G. Redman, president of the Explorers Club, said that persons who want to become Explorer attend this meeting and should call her to make arrangements. Mr. Brink, owner of a health and accident insurance firm, has visited 103 countries in 17 years, during which time he has traveled 450,000 miles and shot about that many feet in color film. In keeping with the travelog subject, the menu will include coconut cocktail, avocado salad, shrimp de Jonghe, banana fritter, pineapple glace, lime meringue pie and iced tea. l gram. Both said the South will not accept the decision passively. rebel request. The Vietminh message turned down an offer of French planes to help evacuate rebel wounded. It also hotly protested the French bombing of the main road leading from Dien Bien Phu to the Red River delta. Vietminh are using the highway to rush guns and war materiel rom the Dien Bien Phu area to the delta, another key target for rebel attackers. "Nonrealistic" The message asked for cessation of bombings around the fallen fortress but rejected a French proposal that a mixed control commission be established to govern raffic on the road while the Vietminh were evacuating; their wounded. The rebels said the suggestion was "nonrealistic" since the road was wholly under Vietminh con- dec INDOCHINA on F»»e I Sheridan Officials Reverse Plans For Integration SHERIDAN, Ark. ffl — Sheridan School Board members have reversed themselves on an early decision to integrate Negro and white students in the upper six grade; after hearing objections from patrons in the school district. The board voted Friday to integrate the upper graces of the Sheridan school, but announced later that it was rescinding the order which had been issued in compliance with the U. S. Supreme Court ruling against segregation in public schools. A resolution passed by the board said: "Whereas, we have a sincere desire to be representatives of our patrons in school matters, we are rescinding the action taken at our meeting yesterday (Friday)." The resolution was signed by School Board President O. R. Kelly and Secretary Coats A. Mitchell. Car Stolen Here Found In Chicago 7 Forfeit Bonds In Taffic Coses Louis Taylor forfeited $30.75 bond in Muncipal Court this morning on a charge of having ficticious license while Demeta Branscum forfeited a $19.75 bond on a no drivers license a similar bond on a charge of having no vehicle license. C. V. Sebaugh and Harly Crump forfeited $19.75 bonds on charges of speeding while Johnnie Sparks, Jr., and Eugene Harold forfeited $10 bond* on similar charge*. cent props first provided in wartime to stimulate production. The 90 per cent supports now are slated to expire at the end of the 1954 crop year, and failure of Congress to pass new legislation would permit the flexible plan now on the books to go into effect. Eisenhower recommended that, to ease the impact of a change to flexible supports, up to 2' 2 billion dollars worth of crops the government now holds be "frozen" and Dr. J. L. Guard was notified this ignored in figuring support levels. morning that his 1951 four door This provision is not included in Cadillac which was taken from un- | the 1948-49 legislation, der the carport of his home lastj chairman Aiken i.R-Vt) of the Wednesday night was located in senate Agriculture Committee said Chicago in good condition. ; oyer thft weekend he agrees City police were notified last .- t h ere - s a possibility we might not night by Chicago authorities that do any thing." But Rep. Hope (R- the car had been found. Police Kan)> chairman of the companion Chief John Foster said this morn- (House committee, said he "can't ing, but no arrest had been made conce j ve < jtt at the Congress won't trade with some customs simplification, revision of the Atomic Energy Act, highway construction, continuation of the housing program and approval of the St. Lawrence seaway. He said any such program will demonstrate that the Republicans mean to carry out their promises, and he continued: "I don't think President Eisen- Denies'Cover Up' For Higher Authorities WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary Stevens assumed full responsibility today for the Army's charges against Sen. McCarthy and. in a sharp exchange with the senator, denied this was a "cover up" for higher officials in the Eisenhower administration. The Army secretary was back in the witness chair of the resumed McCarthy-Army hearings and tussled with the senator re- pea tediy. McCarthy hammered hard to develop his contention the charges were really "instigated" by White House aides, and the two men repeatedly swapped sharp words. Sarcastically, McCarthy suggested at one point that Stevens had had a long rest and should now be able "to tell the truth." Stevens, his voice rising, leaned forward in the witness chair and said: :"I resent that remark. I tell the truth. I don't think the chairman ought to allow that kind of statement tc be made." Contradiction Charfed McCarthy asserted that Stevens had given "completely contradictory" testimony about the inception of the charges against the senator and his aides. He asked that 'the official reporter type up this morning's testimony so he could point out differences from statements Stevens had made earlier in the hearings. McCarthy was still pounding ... away at Stevens when the hearing: was recessed for lunch. The secretary acknowledged h« had consultd with high administration figures about the Army's difficulties with McCarthy's investigations subcommittee but insisted the Army alone was responsible for bringing the charges. "You can't cover up for anyone by accepting the nesponsibility," McCarthy stormed. "I'm not trying to cover up" Stevens retorted. "There isn't anybody to cover up." Stevens objected each time McCarthy referred to the Army charges as "smear charges." The secretary said he didn't make "smear charges" and insisted he always tells the truth. McCarthy "Weary" "I stand squarely on that," Stevens told McCarthy when asked whether he stood on his statement today that "decisions and acts" in he McCarthy-Army controversy were the Army's alone. McCarthy said he was "getting awfully weary" trying to "get answers to some simple questions." It was, McCarthy said, "like puling teeth." At one point, Stevens told McCarthy "everybody in the Penta- on" agreed the Army should file hower was ever under the illusion r its charges against the senator. in connection with the theft. do something." Arkansas license plates from Dr. secretary of Agriculture Benson Guard's car were found Saturday at Sikeston, Mo., by the Missouri Highway Patrol and returned to the police office here. A 1953 Pontiac found abandoned here last Thursday is still in the custody of city police pending its, return to Chicago, where it was reported stolen. There is a possibility of a connection between the taking of two cars, Chief Poster said. Manila Parents Vote for Split School Term MANILA—Manila's schools will operate on a split-term basis again next year, Superintendent Roy Ashabranner has announced. The Board of Education sent out questionnaires last week to determine the wishes of the school patrons. Mr. Ashabranner said 283 parents representing 888 children voted in favor of a split ter mwith 122 parents representing 216 students preferring a continuous nine-months term. The summer term will begin about July 15, or when most cotton chop- 3ing is completed, he said. Regis- cation for the new term was held A 16-year-old Blytheville youth was arrested by county officers Saturday night -after he made an attempt to break into the office of Dr. Gean Atkinson in the Lynch Building, according to information from the sheriff's office. Several articles found on youth were taken from the same office at earlier dates, it was reported. No formal charges have been filed at this time pending further investigation. that he would get 100 per cent of his recommendations through Congress Jn the first two years of his presidential term." McCarthy said Stevens knew "a long time ago" tha't the charges were prepared with the assistance See SEC. STEVENS on Page 3 Churchill Holds Urgent Review of Asian Policy LONDON (AP) — Prime Minister Churchill called a morning session of his Cabinet today to hear a report from Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden on the Geneva conference and urgently review British policy in Southeast Asia. Philippine 4-H Official to Speak OSEOLA-H. F. Johnson, a 4-H Club director in Manila, P. I., who is in the United States on a three- month furlough, will speak at a meeting of the men of the Presbyterian Church here at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday. Mr. Johnson, a former state director of 4-H work in Mississippi, is a brother of P. D. Johnson and Newton Johnson, both of Osceola. Following his talk, a film will be shown. The question of united Western action in Indochina should the Geneva talks fail was one of the top subjects. But informed sources said the entire British position in the Far East crisis was under examination. Eden flew in from Geneva Saturday night and spent the weekend conferring with Churchill at Chequers, the Prime Minister's official country home. Until now Britain's policy has been to give the Geneva talks every chance to produce an Indochina solution before turning to other ways to halt the Red sweep in Indochina. Churchill told Commons last week this country would undertake "no new commitments before results at . Geneva are known." Time Important As the Geneva talks are prolonged, however, the British face the question' of whether thy should st a time limit on their "wait and see" policy. The longer the conference lasts, the greater ad- vantags accrue to the Communists. Most British nwspapers predicted there would be no immediate change in the government's policy. Diplomatic writers also generally agreed Churchill and the Cabinet mine how long he will continue to take part In the talks if they seem likely to prove fruitless. The United States already ha a made it clear to Britain and France she is ready to end the talks at any time. The American delegation reportedly icl th Communists are stalling for time while they push preparations for a new offensive in the vital Red River delta area of north Indochina. Weather ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy thi» afternoon, tonight and Tuesday. scattered thundershowers beginning tonight or Tuesday; no important temperature changes. MISSOURI — Mostly cloudy thil afternoon with showers or thunderstorms southwest and occasional light showers north; clearing northwest, mostly cloudy elwwhert tonight. Maximum Saturday—78. Minimum Saturday—53. Maximum yesterday— 93. Minimum this morning—3ft Sunset today—7:02. Sunrise tomorrow—4:51. Mean temperature (midway bttWMB high and low— W. Precipitation lut 41 boun to 7:0* a.m. today—.38. Precipitation Jan. 1 to dftU—J0.0T. Thi* Date Lwt Y«ar Maximum yesterday—M. Minimum thl* moralac—M. Precipitation Juutr? l «

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