_ •> i •, f t. f Fas* Six HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Frida ! December 20, 1946 Three Little Girls in Blue 1 Opens at Rialto on Sunday Technicolor Film Boasts All-Star Cast ©- Truman's Statement Both Warning to China Factions and an Answer to Russia ® Sports Drive Head With its melody-packed accent set on romance, gaiety and spectacle. I "Three Little..Girls In Blue." 20th Centuryx.-Fox's newest Technicolor musical opens Sunday at the Rialto Theater, featuring a star-studded cast headed by June Haver, George Montgomery. Vivian Elaine. Celeste Helm. Vera-Ellen and Frank Latimore. The film, directed by Bruce Humberstone, marks the debut of top Hollywood tunesmith.Mack Gordon as a" motion picture producer. The film boasts one of the most lavish productions seen since pre-war days. with settings ranging from the splendor of Atlantic City at the turn of the century to a swank Maryland hunt cluh in all its lush magnificence. "Three Little Girls In Blue" tin-, folds the romantic and amusing ad- | ventures of three pretty sisters who , sell their farm to" go on a million- j aire husband-hunting rxpcdit-on at I Atlantic Citv. June Haver. Vivian Blaine and Vera-El'en are Ihe Ihree lovplies who nool their meager inheritance s.o that ono of thpm can act the "grand ladv." with the oth«r tv'i posing as her secretary and maid. Their plan is embarrassingly successful —at the start. Not ono, but two handsome, yonna mil- lio^fl'-es — Gporeo Montgomery and Frank ^Latlmore. "rush" June Haver (the .lucky, iohe). Just as the stalemate is about to bn happily resolved, the girls' funds give out: love takes a surprise turn to catrh up Vivian Blaine in its giddy nath and foree a seeminely hopeless auadranglc. and man-hunting Celo- ste Holm turns up to add to the confusion. How each of the three sisters finally finds her way into the arms of her resooctive "Mr. i Right," is said..to make for one of ' the most hil.T-ious nnd engaging musical comedies of the year. The mood and n?ce of the enthralling story is enhanced bv Ihp Mack Gordon sones seven of which are set to the music of Josef Mv- rri'w, and one for which Harrv Warren composed the music. All three sisters take leave of the farm with the sonss "A Farmer's L'£e Tq A Very M°rrv Lif"." and ''On The Boardwalk (in Atlantic City) " Petite Miss Haver ships "This Is! Always" and "If You Can't G^t A Girl In The Summertime": Miss Blaine is hea>-d ->n- th° hit ball» r ', "£nmPw'n<"-<? In Th" Nisht": while Celeste Holm, soncational Broadway star of "Oklahoma!" and "Bloompr Girl.", who makes her scree" dpbi't jn this niotnre. gives h»r•'inimit-ibl-' 1 treatment to the so- nhisticate'i "Ai'"ays The T.ncb " Talented Ve"-Kllen. in addir ; "n tn sinking the liltin" "I Love Mike " apH a di'°t. with Charles Smith cM- l»d. ' "You Make Me FeM So Young," is seen in a spectarulnr fiance rr"tin» that is one of the films' highlights. 1 o • Central Chin^ is tbp • urin"'"le source r>f. camel's hair imported into the United States. By J. M. ROBERTS, JR. AP Foreign Affairs Analyst (Substituting for MacKenzle) President '.Truman's statement regarding China constitutes both a warning to Ihe embattled 'actions there and all answer to Russia. First of all is notice to the Chinese that the world expects them o get together, coupled with the offer of a half billion dollar prize f they do. The inference is that .his and other sums ior economic development will not be forthcoming until they do. Second is word to the Russians lhal Ihey have been making moun tains out of molehills about American troops in China; thai they have 3ccn removed as rapidly as repa triation of Japanese prisoners would permit, and that now only a handful remain. Also thai sales of surplus materials lo China has nol included arms. The statement apparently was issued mainly to help General Mar- Granliand Rice, famous sports writer, has again organized the sports world for the March of Dimes, January 15-30. Under his rhairmanship. every department of sports, both professional and amateur, has been lined up behind the March of Dimes for an all-time high in the crusade against poliomyelitis, the great crippler. President Will Fly Home on Christmas Day Washington. Dec. 19—(/T 1 )—Presi- lenl Truman will fly to Independence. Mo., on Christmas Day ior a 24-hour stay with his family ihere. The White House, detailing the chief executives Christmas plans, said today Mr. Truman's five-minute Christmas Eve message to the nation, to be broadcast over all major networks, will be delivered at 5:17 p. m. (ES'H on Tuesday in connection with 'the traditional tree-lighting ceremonies on the south lawn of the While House. Mr. Truman will leave Washing Ion for Independence al 8 a.m. lESTi Christmas Day. Mr. Truman and their daughter, Margaret, lefl by train last night for Missouri and will remain there through Ihc holidays . The president plans to fly back to the capital on Thursday, tho day after Christmas. While at home, the president wil have his usual tiers. three turkey din He will dine with his mother Mrs. Martha E. Truman. «4, anc Entertainers to Appear Here Warren Praises Stassen's Stand as 'Wholesome' Sacramento, Calif., Due. 10 —(/P) Harold Stassen's recent announce mcnl that he is candidate 7or the Republican presidential nomination was characterized as a "wholesome approach" by Republican Gov. Earl Warren today. The development docs no!, however, he said at a pi^ss conference affect his own position. "1 think I have staled my person al position on a f!ood many occa sions" he said. "There hasn't bcci any change in the situation and don't think that under these cir ctimstanccs there is any call foi elaboration." (The governor pre viously had asserted lie is not a candidate for any national office.) •I read In news dispatches Mr. * Slasson's announcement. I thought ';' t a perfectly normal approach for i person who is seeking the presidency and the fact that he proposes to discuss his principles and programs seems to me to be a very wholesome approach to the situation." o Pals to the End Honolulu — AP—Randolph M. Lee hauled In his net the other day and found two large sharks caught with- ,*, in five feet ot each other. One wei- 'JP ghcd 100 pounds, the other 300. Experiments in Iho growing of cotton in various colors are being conducted both in States and in Russia. the United Don't Miss the Mystery Phonograph .Now on Display * 'in Ou'rW.indow Radios, Radio - Phonographs • Beautiful Automatic Phonographs David Louis Krooth, above, Chicago lawyer, has been appointed by President Truman as acting national housing administrator, replacing Wilson W. Wyatt, who resigned. Krooth had been general counsel to the Fvleral Pub- lie Housing Authority. Prewar Wurtlembcrg was called the Detroit of Germany because of its automobile production. shall get under way with a new effort to bring the Nationalists and Communits logelher in a "broadened" government. Bul it also suggests additional possibilities if he fails. The United States has been working alone in trying to help establish a stable China because of special ties between the two countries. It has been going on for some years. But now the United Stales has a new over-all policy of working on such matters through the United Nations. And Mr. Truman says continued civil strife jn China is a threat to world peace. As such it would be subject to action by the Uniled Nations. And that might be embarrassing to the central government. Nol so much that the Kuomintang, attempt to steer an unorganized country through a war, adopted some of the methods of the European dictator- ] ships, but more because it didn't seem too sorry about it. And because during the war, when America was fighting frantically to get war maleriel through to Chiang's armies, we were having little success in really getting it used for something after it arrived. Elliott Roosevelt quotes his lather as saying during the Cairo conference lhal he was trying to learn "more about the war thnt isn't being fought, and why. Chiang's Iroops aren't fighting at all x x x. He claims they aren't trained, and have no equipment x x x but it doesn't explain why he's been tiy- ing so hard to keep Slilwell from Iraining Chinese troops. And it doesn't explain why he keeps thousands and thousands of his best men up in the northwest — up on the borders of Red China." At that time the Communists were fighling. Maybe they were fighling only for their own territory, and not for China. But they were killing Japanese. Now the Nationalist armies are fighting on the far western ilank of what has been conceived at General MacArthur's headquarters as a world-wide front against communism. The Chinese Communists are feared to be the spearhead of Soviet. Russia. The United States 3ecrr.s to feel that there is still a chance of including them in a unified China and ending this threat Something about President Truman's emphasis on our recogni- lion of the Chiang government as representative of China, the general tenor of his statement perhaps more than specific phrases, indicates that he expects the responsible government to go even more than half way if necessary. This famous group of entertain-1 featured stars of Columbia Record aunt' and"also with his own family. I ers who have had more than a ing Company. cllllll cltlLI UIMJ Wllll J1U uvvn J.*iimi.T • t - - - •' .. . „ «vi•»,-»,.; The president's custom is to eat: decade of Radio and Stage expcu- a litle nt each of the three homes, ence have been heard ovei m.mv U .nut. .11 um.ii ui win. n.n-i- D.,,I:,, Cl.itintv; Uivnmrhrm hp rnlin- Land Ho! Radio Station* throughout the coun try the most recent being WSM Born in the hills of West Virginia where'they learned lo play and sing at tho Old Fashioned Church Services of the Mountain Folks. ; .iiit_».Tv i ^-v_.\.. 1 1 v i./ *_!»>£., .. -_.»... ~ — .- — T — ---- _ _ Ole Uprv ot which the were | They have won their way mto Ihe i ... ., . RECORD SHOP Christmas Suggestions • Bizet's Carmen Suite ;'(Glddys Swarthout) Rhapsody in Blue Stgrmaker-Tommy Dorsey Kiddie's Specials Dumbo Singing Games Adventures in Bibleland Use our Gift Certificate plan — the perfect way to give records. Large Shipment ef Records — Just Ai rived NOW - Saturday DOUBLE FEATURE "MJSS1NG LADY" and "HOME ON THE RANGE" EW COBB-TOOUEY RADIO CO. Home of Hope's Radio Repair Service NOW - Saturday DOUBLE FEATURE "ACCOMPLICE" and "MAN FROM OKLAHOMA" featured stars for more than two years also have been on NBC Nation Wide Hookup and have made world wide short wave broadcasts. The Bailes Brothers have written more than two hundred Hymns and love ballads some of them such hits ,is- Bust on the Bible. I've Ljot my one way tickel lo the Sky, Roman's ten and Nine, I want o be Loved but Only by You. The Drunkard's grave and There's Tears in my eyes all the lime. They are also hearts of millions by writing and singing these Hymns Gospel songs ynd love ballads of the hill country. Besides ths Bailes Brothers, Johnnie nnd Waller, this act contains such well known stars as: Brolhei Homer. Shol Jackson, Charlie Cope and Abnnr Abbcrnackey, comedian Will appear in person al cily aud itoiium in Hope, Arkansas on Sat urday December 21st at 7:30 p.m admission 30 and GO cents At Rialto Starting Sunday- " .Vivian Blaine and June Haver capture two of the country's v/calthiesc mea in their new technicolor hit, "Thrc: Little Girls In Blue." Three Craddock brothers go into totem pole formation as they arrive in New York aboard the He de France. Francois serves as "lookout," supported by Paul and Henry. Known in Europe as the "Fratellini," they'll entertain in a Miami night club. UN's "New" Home? FOR SALE 2 Year PEACH TREES Real nice TREES, several varieties to choose from. -Also Christmas Hoily- ACROSS STREET FROM RIALTO THEATRE Army Claims Force Abroad Not Enough Washington, Dec. 19 —W 1 )— The army, getting ready to lay a legislative program before the new Congress, reported today its forces overseas are too weak to cope with any surprise assault and suggested this country ought to be looking now lo ils defenses in the atomic age. There was no indication that the army expects trouble, but top level officials discussing long-range I manpower problems wilh reporters made such assertions as these: 1. If this country encountered a military crisis tomorrow its weakened forces overseas, with an insufficiently trained reserve at home, would be over-run except in .some isolated spots. 2. If at some time in the next few years the United States were ! subjected to an atomic bomb al-1 lack, there would be dire need Ior a readily mustered and thoroughly trained regular army, nalional i guard and organized reserve Iroops. Such an attack, these officials said, would produce chaotic conditions among the civilian population and in transportation, and would be accompanied by the possibility of having lo cope wilh an enemy paratrooper attack. The War Department intends to emphasize two items in its forthcoming legislative program—unification and universal mililary training. Convinced thai some form of a seivice unification Jaw stands a good chance of passage next year, the War Department has given lhal subject top billing. A prime ' argument, because of the economy- minded new Congress, will be an army estimate that manpower savings up to 20 percent can be al- lainecl by eliminating some dupli- c.-ilinn army and navy functions, especially in service and supply operations. .CROSS-COUNT YCONTENTION Oklahoma City. Doc. 20 — (/!>> —' ill. S. Dunlop. a Scotsman, up- thetic and excuse the $1 fine. Dun :peared at the police station with j lop leil. In a few minutes lie was la ticket for illegal parking and .said i back with another ticket. lit was the seventh he had received Jt \va:, fur parking on the wrung i in :> cross country Irip from New j side of the street in front of the i York io California. | police station .This time he \vas 1 He said he couldn't gel used to | fined. American traffic laws in which j . — cars are driven down the right side 1 Sheets, towels, and blankols of the sired, instead of the lefl and j account for more than half the parked the same way. ; cotlon used in the manufni-turp E. S. Priest, clerk, was syrnpa- j Of, household ti uu( -' li ' THE RAW AND ROARING WEST! N Sccnc fiotn the action p;ickoJ western, "In Old Sacramento," with / Elliott, Constance Moore and Eugene Pallctcc. ' "" Sues Mrs. Truman Top map shows location of $8,500,000 skyscraper site on New York's East Side offered by John D, Rockefeller as permanent home for the United Nations. UN's permanent headquarters commitlee voted 33-7 to accept the offer. Final decision needs approval by two- thirds o£ General Assembly. Lower map shows site in relation to New York metropolitan area. 'Better Late n H Mrs. Nelle Motley Pearson, above, o£ Auxvasse, Mo., has nutned Mrs. Bess Truman, wife of liie President, us a defendant in $10,000 damage suit Principal defendant in Ihe suit, outgrowth of an automobile collision near Warrenton, Mo., lust June, is Henry J. Nicholson, of Washington, Mo., driver of the car, which belonged to Mrs. Truman. The plaintiff alleges her husband, John R. Pearson, died of injuries received in the accident. -Tuesday Seventy years after ex-Sgt. Charles A. Windolph, of Lead, a. D., won the Purple Heart, Uncle Sam got around to presenting it. Above, Col. Paul W. Mapes pins on the medal, awarded for wounds the 95-year-old veteran received on July 26, 187C, at the battle of the Little Big Horn River, better known '- - as "Custer's Last Stand.'?-^ Then: are only v.tiiti-a anion.ti Iho living on Raibnilos i island. The resl are some 193.000 , West 11.000 people I The Island of Bardados in the i West Indies, has an area of only | liilj .square miles anri ycf a popu- llatiyi; oj. lUa.OOO. VEDA-ELLEN FBANK LATIMO&E Our Doily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H, Waihburn Restoring Two-Pants Suit Significant The government has removed ils wartime prohibition of the manufacture of suits with Iwo pairs of mauls. And the restriction on vests '•also is lifted. Bul Ihe clonk-and-suit trade, you read yesterday, is not exactly overjoyed. H was nice and comforlnble— tho business of making suits with only one pair of pants, and no vests. It isn't going to be as nice—doing business al'lhc prewar stand. xJut we have lo gel around to it sooner or later, "iott can't go on forever shipping oul one-pants suits —any more than you can go on .-•permanently selling new aulomo- ^Diles without bumpers, spare tires or balleries. On Ihc clolhing angle Ihc rnosl competent criticism is that the government's restrictive policy look a wrong slant. Americans were asked to cheapen their clothes, bul buying jusl as many items. On Ihc olhcr hand, Ihc Brilish government took the vinw thai clothes should be of the best quality possible, to wear as long as possible— bul Ihc number of clothes items you could buy was severely limited. f. + •* .* ' No • Baby Contracts Tenants and landlord throughout Ihc counlry arc following closely the progress of Ohio's "baby-eviction" case. The reason is simple nnd compelling: The eventual dis- posilion of that lawsuit may well determine not only the validity of America's current bumper cron of "adults only" rental agreements, but also the future jeopardy in which parenthood may place non homeowners. P The Uniled Slalcs as a polilical "'cnlily has a slake in Ihc setllcmenl For bolh a hiph birth rate and ef- fcclivc protection of private property rignts arc in Ihe nalional in- Icrcsl; and certainly one or the other seems doomed to n curtailment however temporary and however justified, regardless of how the courts rule as to the validity of baby - exclusion clauses in rental contracts. The significance of the case is, then, considerable. And the facts are highly interesting. , x / Marvin Court, a 20-year-old war veteran, rented an apartment on a month - lo - month basis in Cleveland early last year, verbally accepting a stipulation which prohibited children—this at a time when his wife was pregnant. (This apparently contradictory circumstance Mr. Court explains by saying he merely staled he had no children, not being asked whether he was expecting any and not specifically being told that he must move should his wife give birlh ..while residing in the apartment '...'tiQus.ea ,..„.^...^<,^.,,,,.v--..-.»-A... In the summer of 19-15 a baby was born to the Courts, and eviction proceedings against them were immediately Instituted. A six-man Cleveland Municipal Court jury ruled in favor of Ihe Courls, wnere- upon Ihe landlord carried Ihe case lo Ihe Slale Court of Appeals, where Ihe original decision was upheld by a 2-1 majority, the majority opinion staling lhal the "Adulls only—no pels" clause was illegal and void because il was againsl f public policy in cases where a child 'i was born afler Ihe parents occupied the premises. Once again Ihe landlord appealed, this time lo Ihe Ohio Supreme Court, where the lower-court decision was reversed by a -1-3 majority. The Stale Supreme Court now cn- lerlains an application for rehearsing which it muy or may not grant The final decision seems certain to come from the U. S. Supreme Court, if it accepts jurisdiction. That's where the case stands "ijnow. Tho legality of baby-exclusion • clauses, in other words, is still highly uncertain —'and so, too, are America's tenants and landlords. So wends through Ihe law courts a case involving a clash between normally incontestable rights; The right of a married couple lo have a baby and Ihe right of a landlord to stipulate the conditions under which his properly shall be occupied by another. The eventual decision will be difficult, especially so since it cannot be divorced from present- day conditions. •V A month lo month rental agreement could be terminated by the landlord -at his will were Ihere no OPA rent control act. But if the OPA rent-control act were removed, il would in all probability be because thcrc'was no longer a scar- cily of houses; and if there were no scarcity of houses, there would be no baby-exclusion clauses. It's all yours, Messrs. Justices, -o Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair this afternoon, tonight and Sunday; warmer Sunday. 48TH YEAR: VOL. 48—NO. 59 Star of Hope, 1899; Pros? 1927 Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1946 (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. ,AP)—Means Associated Press PRICE 5c COPY Gov. Talmadge of Georgia Dies at 62 Atlanta, Dec. 21 —(/P)— Eugene Talmadge, who four limes was elected governor of Georgia, died today less than a month before his scheduled fourth inauguration. The 02-year-old champion of white supremacy succumbed quietly at Piedmont hospital where he had lain in a coma since last night. His death left in doubt the successor to the governorship from which youthful Ellis Arnall ousted him four years ago. Unofficial legal sources said however that Arnall, who was prevented irom seeking a second term under a new state constitution, might remain in office at least until the next general elecion two years hence. There is no precedent in the stale, bul Ihc constitution provides the governor shall remain in office until his successor is qualified and elected. The legislature which meets in January formally elects the governor. "He died al seven o'clock." Talmadge firsl was stricken with a stomach hcrmorrhage in Jacksonville, Fla., Ocl. 4, and Uv.icq he was pronounced bellcr and dis missed from Ihc hospital. He on Icred the hospital for the last time Nov. 29, and had been improving until last Sunday when he suffered a relapse. Two. days ago his physicians said he was suffering wilh an acule in- t'lamation of the liver cells possibly caused by the administration of plasma and pronounced his condition critical. He had received much clood by transufsion since the first Hemorrhages. Members of the Talmadge fam- ly, including his wife, son and campaign manager, Herman, and two daughters, Mrs. Bill Kim>rough and Mrs. Charles Smyly, ivcre near his bedside when the governor-elecl died. Talmadgc's death ended an up and down polilical career in Georgia. His firsl success was in 1927 when he was named state commissioner of agriculture. In 1933, he was elected governor, serving two two-year-terms until 1937. He lost a bitter batllc for Ihe U. S. Senate to Richard B. Russell in 193G, and again in 1938, he was in the race against Senator Waller George. That was the race when the late President Roosevelt backed Lawrence Camp in his purge campaign. George won. Talmadge emerged from politi- £PJ, r.fcUrej}ioBt-3D~J,fi4<U»gajn to be come'governor, bill two'years later, afler a healed campaign, he lost lo Ellis Arnall. When Arnall was prcvcnled under a new state constitution from seeking r e election, Talmadge emerged again under his old banner of white supremacy, and was elected under the slate's county unity system despite the i'act thai James V. Carmichacl, who hac Arnall's backing, look the populat vote. Commercial Use ' of Atom Energy Seen in 5 Years Boslon, Dec. 20 (/P).— Commercial use of alomic energy within five years was predicted today by a group of New England experts providing the government gives the "green light" to industry, Alomic generation of electric power, they said, could be accomplished at an original cost comparable to present modern methods and cvcntualy for much less. These views were expressed in a report by a New England council committee which includes in its membership Karl T. Compton, prcs- idcnl of the Massachusetts Institute ot Technology and One of Ihe developers of Ihc atom bomb, and Bradley Dcwcy, president of the American Chemical Society." Although no alomic power plants have been built, they said, "there now seems to be no queslion, from Ihc purely lechnical standpoint, about the possibility of generating large amounts of power from the heat libcraled during Ihe opera- lion of alomic piles." o- Imperialism Is Dead Even Though Britain's Ex-War Minister Won't Admit It By DeWITT MacKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst British Prime Minister Attlcc's announcement in the House of. Commons yesterday that negotiations soon would be undertaken Idoking to the independence of Burma — one of England's Ireasurc houses— precipitated a brief but highly significant debate between the imperialism of a rapidly passing day and the socialism which is its been too slow." The implication there antithesis. Altlce's slalemenl brought Win- Research Picks Books for Children Washinf-lon,' Dec. 20 —(/I 1 )— You go into a department store to buy your small son a Christmas present book. Books are stacked ;n age sizes, 6-8, 14-16. Just like the children's underwear in another department. Ever wonder how they decide a )ook is "readable" for an eight- year-old boy? Mostly it is just a matter of vocabulary. But the subject also jets iillenlion. Word lesls have been given in o many schools that it is well established what words the average child of a given age knows. If a book has too many words .hat an eight-year-old doesn't know, 't is loo "old" for that age group. But the queslion of whether a book is "readable" for child or adult goes much deeper than that. It is one which has been given a lot of study .for many years. As tar back as 1926, the American Library Association and the American Association for Adult Education established a joinl com- millee lo (1) look inlo the reading habits and inleresls of adults and (2) decide which are "readable 1 books. Those who have dug Into Ihe matter are concerned over indications thai a sizeable part of the population — some-estimates run as high as 50 per cent — can not re^ad wilh ease^and-xinderstanding mu\i that is published in this country And this country turns out the most books, the most .magazines and the most newspapers of any in the world. All the study hasn't produced a sure-fire formula for turning out a book or article that will (1) be readable and (2) make the public flock to buy it. For that! matter, all researchers arc not in complete agreement. Take the mailer of simple sen- ston Churchill to his feet with the rmngen and colorful charge that the prime minister was speeding "the decline and fall of the Britith Empire." The old Tory maestro was in rare oratorical form, which means thai so fnr as Ihe deft manipulation of words is concerned he was in u class by himself. Still, to many, his was a voice echoing the past and declining to •ecognize the march of time. Of course one can understand his feeing, for as he pointed out: "We have held Burma since 885. I have always followed its- af- 'airs with attention, because it was ny father who was responsible for he anneration of Burma." Churchill's father — one of the jrcat of England's aristocracy, — was secrelary ot slate for India at thai lime. The Churchills were em- sire builders, and proud of John Bull's endless possessions. So one can realize how Churchill fell when lie flunt al Attlee: "This hasle is appalling— scul- .led is Ihc word, and Ihe only word, lhal can be applied." To Ihis the primp minister replied with a line which speaks volumes lo those who recognize that Ihe days of imperialism arc past. Attlee said: "The government of this, coun- is plain, Had England acted sooner, per naps her chances of keeping Burma and India wilhin the commonwealth as sovereign stales would have been better. Attlee said he hoped that Burma would remain a member of the commonwealth, and he lias expressed similar hopes for India. As mailers now stand there is no assurance Ihese Oriental countries may not cut loose entirely from the molhcr counlry. Bul whatever Ihey decide, we must recognize — as the Atllee government does — that the day is past when different races can be held togelher by imperial lies alone, The Brilish dominions arc bound by blood — a natural union. But there is no such bond between the English and the Burmese or the Indians. The same can be said of the Netherlands and the Dulch Easl Indies — or of any other imperial hook-up in which a "mother countrv" tries to impose its will on peoples of another race. World War i gave imperialism a terrific lacing. World War II has all but finished it off. You and I are living in a transitional period which has seen empires in their flower and will see them listed an anachronisms. It doesn't mailer how. benevolent a ruling country may be, subject peoples of another race want — and will have —their independence.' America recognized this when it handed the Filipinos their sover- eighly last July 4. Prime Minister Atllee moves wilh the times in offering both India and Burma Iheir freedom. The Dutch have seen the wriling on the wall in the East Indies. Imperialism is as dead as Old Marley, which is lo say — as I Iry has nol been loo fasl — il has recall il — as dead as a door-nail. The county unit, system is sim- l ?. nc .f s ' Jt , is . widely assumed that ilar lo Ihc U. S. Eleclorial syslem, wilh counlies having from two to six unit votes depending on population. The candidate winning the unit vote gels the democratic nomination which in one-party Georgia is tantamount of election. The U. S. Supreme Court deci- ion permitting Negroes to vote in i democratic while primary gave ralmadgc a ready-made issue for lis lasl campaign and he played t for all it was worth. From stumps ill over the stale, he promised thai f he was elccled, no negro ever vould vole again in a white pri- nary in Georgia. Only last week, while he lay ill n the hospital, his lieutenants gathered members of the incoming cgislalure in Allanla and made ilans for repealing the slnle's pri- nary laws and instituting a "Lily While" primary under party con- SANTA ON STRIKE Los Angeles, Dec. 21 —(/Pi- -Bun^ dlc-l.uden Christmas shoppers • paused for a second look when they saw a Santa Claus marching back and forth in front of a departmen store. As he paraded, the Sanla passec out candy kisses to children irom a bag slung over his shoulder, and on Ihe bag was a sign reading: "This store is unfair!" He was a picket. short and simple sentences arc more "readable" than longer ones. But one research study, after tesls, came to the conclusion vhat length of sentence is unimportant so far as comprehension is con- cerned—thai "the effect on the reader is the same, whether the sentence is long and involved, or short, simple and emphatic." Another study — one of the most intensive efforts in Ihis field —was made by William S. Gray and Bernice E. Leary. Their report was published by the University of Chicago press a decade ago. They calculated that there were some 80 factors which might affect "readability." For practical nurnnses. they reduced Ihcsc lo a handful of what appeared to be the most important, including easy words and simple sentences. New Military Group Called in by Truman Washington, Dec. 20—(fl 1 )— President Truman called his new advisory commission universal military training inlo session at the White House today to begin a survey of civilian opinion on that hotly debated proposal. Mr. Truman asked the nine members to consider not only the need for such training bul also various plans for pulling il inlo ef- Senior Boys Get Revenge From Nashville In a hardfought game last night at the high school'the Hope Seiiior Boys'defealed Ihe Nashville Scrappers 29-27 in Ihe lasl minute ; of play, gelling revenge for-a licking handed ; Ihem earlier in ~lhe sea- season; 'Climaxing a full night of three games the "A" boys used the double learn syslerh to run- 29- ppinAsr- Walters- was high point for Hope with 10, tied with Bohanan of Nashville. The, second stood out or) defense and the Scrappers were, held lo seven points against the zone. The other 20 points came in a wide open nan to man offense and defense. The two teams for Hope were composed of Walters, May, Reed, Uough, and Ray in the second; Mor,on, Sutlon, Kennedy, Bullock-and Hammons. In the first game pilling "B" loams of Ihe Iwo schools Nashville won 20 lo 14 with "McCullough of Hope high wilh six points. The senior girls lost to Nashville girls 22-15. Farmers of the Amish religion often paint hex signs on their barn doors to prevent Ihe evils of witchcraft. Aviation Gas Tax to Be Sought Little Rock, Dec. 20 — (ff>) — Legislation setting up a five member Stats Aeronautics Commission, at $5,000 a year post of aeronaulical direclor and levying 6 1-2 cents pel- gallon tax on aviation fuel will be introduced at the .1947 legislature, Sen.v Ellis , Fagan, /; ;,L ( il.Ue.. : . .Kock., chairman -of! : Governor •' Lariey's avialion ; advisory 'committee announced today. ' . Aviation fuel hitherto has been untaxed in Arkansas. Fagan 'said the act would provide stricter control over aviation activities in Arkansas. He estimated there were more than 2,000 civilian pilots in Ihe slale. • . . The 33-page proposed law would lake supervision of . airporls in counlies wilh over 35jOOO population from city councils and other local governments and put it in the hands of local airport commissions. Federally licensed'pilots would be required to pay a $2.50 annual regi- slralion fee, 'unless flying under student permits, and plane owners would be required to pay an annual registration fee on two cents per pound of gross load. Senate Group Wants Special Report on Bilbo By JOHN L .CUTTER Washington Dec. 21 — (UP)—The Senate Republican Steering Committee has asked for a special report on whether Sen. Theodore G. Bilbo, D., Miss., should be ousted from the Senate for his dealings with war contractors, it was revealed today. Sen. Robert A. Taft, R., O., Steering Commitlee chairman, said Ihe reporl would be made by Sen. Homer Ferguson, R., Mich. Ferguson is a member of the Senate War Investigating Subcommittee which investigated charges that Bilbo received gifts from Mississippi contractors whom he helped gel government jobs. Ferguson said he would have his report ready before the next meeting of the Steering Committee, tentatively scheduled for Dec. 30. There seemed litlc doubt he would recommend that Bilbo be banned rom his seat on grounds of moral turpitude. Ferguson said in a'radio discussion (Mutual network) last night that if he had to make a decision on evidence > presented thus far, he would vote against allowing Bilbo a Senate seat. At the same time, he revealed that the War. Investigating Commitee had subpoenaed Bilbo's income tax returns in its study of his dealings with contrac- lors. The Senale GOP Steering Com- mitlee also has asked for a report from two Republican members of the Senate Campaign Commitee which investigated charges that Bilbos' reelection was invalid because Negroes were barred from voling in the Mississippi primary. A Republican search of Senate rules and precedents indicated the GOP will need the help of some Senate Democrats for a successful $40 Monthly For Coal Bin challenge against Bilbo charge. on eithei The election challenge would be in order when Bilbo steps forward to take his oath of office Jan 3.'It would take only a simple ma- •jprity on the first test. But it would come before Republicans actually get Senate control. Only 60 hold Over senators would be qualified to vote at that time, 31 Democrats and 29 Republicans. -. ", An ouster move on grounds o moral turpitude woulu pe in order after Bilbo'and the rest of thos< elected in November had beei sworn in. The Senate division fficn would be. 1 Republicans and -1 Democrats, not cpunljng., JBUb.o,,, 'Bul according to'Republican re searchers, an ouster motion need a two-third vote to carry. And-Re publican strenglh alone would b a dbzen short. ",,.'' , .,:..'. Bilbo insisted he was innocent,o any wrongdoing in any of "th charges. Meanwhile, the War iinvesligal That Susie Is Some Gal, She Has Everything It Takes But Turns Down Hollywood ing Commitlee went ahead with c contempt citation against Bilbo' former secretary, Sdward P Terry, for his refusal to' ansvve questions, . . ''.... -.'. Gommillee•'.. Counsel G e o r g Meader said he would place th conlempt action before Senat. Presidenl Pro Tern Kenneth McKellar today. Meader said McKellar then must cerlifv the contempt citalion to the distrTc't attorney for representation of a federal grand jury. . . . . Mrs. Antonio Gamez, 32, holds her eighth child, Bebe Ana, In St. Joseph's hospital, Ft. Wayne, Indiana. The baby was born in the coal bin where 'Mrs. Gamez, her husband, and seven older children have been living. They paid $40 a month ret for the coal bin. (NEA Telephoto) . . .•.. Drive Starts to Build Hospital By HAL BOYLE Cincinnati, Ohio, Dec. 31 -M'l— Susie is the biggest glamor gal in Talmadge was a humanitarian Lo his supporters, a demogoguc to :iis opponcnls. In his early terms, he made free use of slats troops to enforce his wishes, but always he conlended he was acting under a mandate from his people. His worst setback was in the race against Arnall four years ago, and it came on the heels of a row between Talmadge and officials of Ihe slate university system. Talmadge charged two prominent stale educators with advocating racial cooperation, Ine men denieu the charges, declined to resign and were upheld by the stale board of regents. Talmadge demanded resignations of several rcgenls, dominated two others on technical reasons and I led. appointed successors who eventual-1 When it's survey is completed ly voted to dismiss the educators./ the commission will submit recom- dropped the schools from their mendations to the chief executive, National acred i t e d agencies dropped the schools from their lists. One of Arnall's first moves upon election was to have the accredited standing restored. He also adopted numerous other relorms including repeal of Ihe poll lax and after the Supreme court ruling permitting negroes to vole made the stae- men thai the while primary was forever dead. Talmadge first used the state troops in 1933 to oust highway of- Heals. Again in 1934 lie called ihem out during the textile strikes and they were ordered to "protect the right to work." Strikers were arrested '»nd placed in barbed wire iric company; Samuel 1. Rosen the Midwest. But she's strictly an old-fash- Shopping Days To who himself asked Congress a year ago for legislation of some sort to create a pool of militarily trained manpower. , The War Department already has a bill written calling for six .riohths of basic training, followed either by another six months of lechnical training or service in s6me military organization. In announcing creation of the ioncd home girl .She doesn't use rouge or powder, and she said "nix" to a Hollywood producer who wanted to co-star her in the movies with Ellen Drew. She keeps in shape —and, gentlemen, what a shape! — on a strictly vegetarian diet. She never has smoked, bul she will take a nip of oourbon in private — just lo clear up a cold. She has midnight-colored hair, stormy brown eyes and she grew up to Hie pcrfecl feminine height -••fivc-fect-lwo." But she doesn't go in for cuddling — not Susie. It will be quite an event when Susie has her twenty-first birthday next August. But there are sound reasons for believing that she won't have a "coming out" party and never will become a pinup girl anywhere but in the Congo.- In the firsl place Susie tips the team al 450 pounds. And, of course, after all she is a gorilla. Susie isn'l jusl "another gorilla." In many ways she is unique in tho animal realm. Slip was -the world's first trained gorilla, she is tnc largest known iemale of her kind, and she is the oldesl gorilla in captivity. She's a wonderful animal —the mental and only Dressman can make her obey. He has been in charge of her since she ilew to America as a passenger aboard Ihc first German dirigible to span the ocean. She had been caplured shortly before in the Belgian Con- .o. After touring with the Ringling Bros, circus for two years, she came to the Cincinnati 7.00 and has been the reigning slar for 16 years. For old Bill's sake she will wear an apron, and dine like a lady, using her fork, spoon, cup and napkin properly. But she isn't fond of zoo audiences and hates camera flash bulbs worse than John L. Lewis. commission yesterday, the White'grealesl in the world today, bar House said the members will se-|nonc," said her trainer, Gill Dress- leci Iheir own chairman. They: man, 63, who rates her as the best Joseph E. Duvies, former ambassador to Moscow; Charles E. Wilson, president of General Elcc- stockades. man, former special counsel to In 1935, the legislature adjourned the' president; Dr. Daniel Poling, without enacting an appropriation Boston, editor of (he Christian Her- aid; Mrs. Hannah Rosenberg, New York Industrial Relations expert; Truman K. Gibson, Jr., Chicago lawyer and former civilian aide to the Secrelary of War; Dr. Harold W. Dodds. president of Princeton; the Rev. Edmund A. Wulsh, vice president of Georgetown University, and Dr. Karl T. Complon, bill for 193U-37. Talmadgc suspend ed Iho slale treasurer "and comptroller general when they declined to pay out 1936 funds without specific legislative aulhorizalion and sel oul lo run the $liO.OOO,000 a year sl.-jte business by executive decree. Slate Iroops guarded $10,000.000 in iht slate treasury vault us liligu- ion over the coup made its way hruitjjh lac court-. president of Massachusetts lute of insti- of hundreds of animals he has handled in the last 43 years. Mosl gorillas fall easy prey to pneumonia, tuberculosis, or stomach trouble — the "civilized" diseases. One reason for Susie's pcr- fecl health — she has outlived two death diagnoses — is the fact she's a big hypochrondiac. "Whenever she :ieels bad. she shows us where, she hurts," said Dressman, "and she will lake any medicine we give her." She i.s one of the biggest caters since "Diamond Jim" Brady, and puts away more than 139 pounds of orunges, apples, bainunis and vegetables daily. , Suds iu -by, moody und^ tempera- '.She understands practically every word I tell her," said Drcss- man, first man ever to train a gorilla, "but after more than 16 years together I still don't know for sure what her oullook on life is. All I know is that she didn'l ask lo be pul behind bars, and she deserves all we can do for her." Susie has bitten Dressman severely several times — on the shoulder, wrist and hands —the hands lhal feed her. "She was jusl cxciled al the lime," he said forgivingly. He is proud of Susie and her record, but never has let himself get overly fond of her — in the way a man does with a pet dog. "You can't afford to do that in raining a wild animal", he said. Susie knows he is her boss. She grumbles at his commands sometimes but she always gives in. At night she sleeps in her private canvas hammock. Dressman turned down a movie offer for Susie after he learned the studio was expecting "a docile go rilla." "Thai's Hollywood for you," he said disgusledly. "Whoever heard o 1 ' a docile gorilla'.' They'll all hurl Christian Church Pageant to Be Given Sunday The Young People of the First Chrislian Church will present a Christnnas pageant "While Gifls for Ihc King" al the evening -service,, Sunday, December 22nd. This pageant is under the direction of Mrs. Ted Jones, and the music will be furnished by the choir. The simplic' ity, beauty, variety, and emphasis upon the gifts of Self,-'Service, and Substance makes -Ihis pageant an impressive one. Evei-y member of Ihe congregation can havo parl in the service by bringing a white gift and presenting it at the aller al Ihe end of Ihe pageant during the candle lighting service. The lime of Ihis program will be 7:30. American Personnel in Japan Are Safe Army Reports Tokyo, Dec. 21 — m—U. S. Mil- ilary reports tonight said Jill American army personnel in Japan's quake and tidal wave ravaged area arc safe. Only one casualty—a missing sol dicr—was reported from Ihc Bril- sh occupation sector, although it s near the center of the area. Bril- ish headquarters at Kurc was damaged. Two Allied military trains which were in the danger zone when the .ragedy struck arrived at their dcs- .inations late but safely, said an Eighth Army summary. Countcrintelligence teams on bad ly damaged Wakayama prelecture escaped without injury. So did military tank installation there. Army reports listed 18 dead ii Osaka prefecture and 35 in Hyogo prelecture, where American mil itary personnel are stationed, bu there was no indication that an> GIs were injured. There was some damage to army dependent housing in. Takamatsu on Ihc northern coast of Shikoku where 20 Japanese were knowi dead. A campaign is underway to con strucl a $50,000 negro hospital ii ippe wilh $35,000 being subscriber 1 .hrough local contributions. Heading the hospital drive is the ] Rev. W. M Benson of Nashville-who announ'ced yesterday that more than $3,000 had already .been subscribed here. Rev. Benson built a similar hospital-in Howard County several years ago which has pr'ov-, ed very successful. , •The project has the approval of local medical men. The 75-bed hospital will be available to both white and negro doctors but is strictly for negro'patients, except in emergencies. . - • It is planned to equip- the hospital with modern facilities. Actual construction is scheduled to' start March,!, 1947. After, completion the 'hospft"ar.wilf"6perale~'a'S''a:noh-pr6- fit- unit. The Rev. Benson- issued the following statement: . "I am interested in this work sole ly"for;the benefit of my .race., : A hospital is'needed in Hope and- its up to my people to build one, not the white.people although contributions from any source will be greatly appreciated. • ;••:"This .project has met-.with ap- proyal from every source. It ...-...is strictly non-profit and I invite-any- cine to inspect all contributions and the'hospital books. Any, profits derived after operation has started will be turned back into the hospi- TJnder the plan Hempstead county /ill be asked to subscribe $35,000 nd .the federal government will natch this with $15,000, a total of 50,000 with which to build the hos- pilal.-' Many Dead in Japan's Worst Earthquake By the Associated Pres» Tokyo, Dec, 21 —</P)— A violent earthquake — possibly the world's heaviest — and the severe tidal wave it erupted off Wakayama peninsula today wrecked death and estruction over 15,000 square miles of southern Japan. U. S. Army and Japanese ources released these fragment- ry reports: 1,000 Japanese dead. 612 Japanese injured. 42 Japanese and one British oC- upation soldier missing. 4,500 homes destroyed. 9,044 homes heavily damaged. 14,000 dwellings flooded. 500 fishing vessels destroyed. An early estimate that probably .,000 Japanese were killed—based on a report that 200 families at Kochi were "wiped out"—-was disregarded later as army and Japanese sources compiled their reports of known Casualties, Kushimotp, a fishing town of 10,000 on the southern, tip of Wakayama peninsula—at the southeastern tip of Honshu—was reported washed away by/seven foot, waves. Fire destreyed one third of Shin-i gu, on tue ' east coast of Honshu, and U. S. Army fliers said flames still were visible • there this after- • noon. The temblor was recorded at 4:20 a. m. (2:20 p. m., Friday, EST). Slight, tremors followed about every half hour. Damage extended from the northern coast of .Kyushu through Shikoku and north to Shizuoka Prefecture, oji Honshu. Kyodo news agency said Ihe/havocked: area extended 340 miles at 'its longest and 60 miles wide. Osaka, Japan's second largest city, reported 14 killed^ heavy property damage and water three feet deep in .some sections. The famous cities of Kyoto and Nara, both former Japanese capitals near Osaka, appeared to have escaped any but minor damage. Both escaped bomb damage during the war. . . The U: S. military '.-government said Osaka,has live days food rations' for.- 50,000 people.-Large quan- t'ttes of .imported grain recently were '• released <" to: Japanese '' at Kooe. Authorities said they •• con- sidered.thei food situation good at both places. ' you. Susie leads a lonely life, with no other gorilla closer than Chicago. Perhaps (hat's why she sulks. "She's never had a boy friend," Drcssman grinned, tugging hoi hairy check. ••There's been some talk, bul nothing ever came ol WILD WEST Los Angeles, Dec. 21 —i/P)—Righ in the heart of perhaps this city' wealthjcst suburb — Belair — pair of mountain lions stalked an killed two deer that had wandere down from nearby still-wild hill police reported. They lormed posse, equipped with dogs, to trac down the killer:;. UN Delegates Disagree on Atom Issues By MAX HARRLSON New York, Dec. 21—(/P)— Dele gates lo the Uniled Nations atomic energy commission disagreed to* day over whether they had ap> Droved a United States proposal to >liininato Ihe big power veto on Punishment for violations o£ alom c energy control. This was a major point in the American atomic control plan vhich was approved "in principle" esterday by the commission and t appeared al Xirst that the con roversial issue had been decided 7nally —although without the ap iroval ol Soviet Russia. Members of the U. S. delegalion lailed the commission's aclion as a complele viclory for Bernard VI. Baruch, 76-year-old sponsor of he American proposals, but it be came clear today that the qucstior of Ihc velo on punishment as well as some other points in the Ba- •uch plan slill laced a bilter fight. A spokesman for Canadian delegate Gen. Andrew G. L. McNaugh- lon, sponsor of the compromise which the commission finally adopted, emphasized thai Ihe Ca ladian proposal laid down an im porlanl condition, which should no overlooked. This was the stipulation lhat the wording of the Baruch resolulioi musl be made lo conform tc phraseology of the resolution whicl the General Assembly passed las week outlining a program fo world arms reduction. II was recalled that the assem bly's resolution recommended tha enforcement of arms limilalio regulations, including the contro of atomic energy, be placed with in the framework of the securit^ council, where Ihe velo applies The resolution omitled any reiei ence lo the veto. While members of the U. S. de egation contended that this comb sion did nol prevent the securit council from agreeing nol to us the velo on alomic mailers, it wa pointed out thai the assembly ha rejected several attempts to writ in provisions on the veto. There was no indication that Russia's ffirm opposition lo any limitation of her velo righls hud changed. looded. Damage extended from atom | i $* sai'd it'maybe/necessary -to supply stricken areas on the Wakayama . peninsula;by boat'because of communications disruptions. •' ' Although : concerh;,was" expressed ver the situation in southern Shi- oku Island, army officers said no utside help would be needed., American and British 'occupation orces presumably escaped with nly one casualty—one unidentified British 'soldier missing from Mih'o"• —although, the British were; in the enter of: the .havocked; area. Britr sh headquarters, at Kure, 170 miles vest of Osaka, was damaged. . The seven foot tidal wave which lundated the southwestern- : coast f Wakayama Peninsula and struck ieavily at the southern coast o£ ihikoku was reported to have aused the major damage. Railroads and" communications vere snarled. Electric, telephone, elegraph and railroad lines, parti- urlarly on the northern shores of • he inland sea, were, cut in. many :laces. Numerous communities iverc isolated. The fishing town of Kushimoto m the southern tip .of Wakayama, A'ith a population of 10,000, was reported washed away. One medium ized city was reported afire. Kyodo said 2,483 dwellings were, destroyed, more than 6,500 were- icavily damaged and 110 indus- rial plants were destroyed. It reported more than 11,000 dwellings 3ombed Hiroshima on the west to tfiho on the north central coast of: ionshu, bordering the sea of Japan, and to the southern tip of Walta- ania peninsula on the east. The first shock was reported at 4:20 a. m. (2:20 p. in. Friday, "Sagtern Standard Time.) Seismo. jraphs as far away as London were mable to record the largest waves. Fordham's observer said the tremors were "as severe as they come." The epicenter appeared to bo about 150 miles southwest of Osaka and within 15 minutes after the" irst shock Ihe tidal wave struck. Kyodo said all of the Japanese mainland except the northeastern coast of Honshu and Hokkaido flet he shock. Reports indicated communications could nol be restored "or two days. o Oak Grove 4-H Club to Present Play The Oak Grove 4- H Club will pre» sent a Christmas play at the Cen* terville. Church al 8:00 p. m. Monday, December 23. Members of the casl include: Joseph, C. L. Fan- ght; Mary, Betty Sanders; Wise men, Bobby Joe Bishop, Forrest Ross and Cecil Ray Faught; Shepherds, Ray Marlow, Thomas Beck, and Paul Frontz; Zacharias, Eugene Collier; Angels. Alma Allen and Princess Jean Allen Heavenly Host. Vivian Ross, Carolyn Stueart. Jerry Allen; Norma Jean Allen, Nora Lee Ross, Wanda Murl Allen. Dean Allen and Douglas Collier; a reader Nellie Beck. Other features of the program are "White Christmas" a solo by Dora Dean Collier; "Jes 'fore Chrismas," a reading by Tcrrel Sparks. Tho public is cordially invited to iiltuid the program.
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