Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 17, 1946 · Page 6
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 6

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Page Sfs HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Tuesday, December 17, Industry, Labor Peace Too Late By NOrtMA'N'"WALKER Washington. Dec. Hi — .VP>— An industry-tabor proposal that Con- egress narrow • promised labor law -Teforrns to' let unions arid management seek pence on their own drew a "too late" response today »lrom Republican ranks on Capitol -Hill. The proposal came :.rom a com-. mittee representing the At u the i CIO, the National Association Manufacturers and the United i States Chamber of Commerce. j But Rep. Clarence Brown i. R-1 Ohio), a leading candidate :'or the j post of House majority leader in i the new Congress, told a reporter i that recurring strikes mean new ••labor legislation is inevitable. | "These recommendations conic! in at a prety late date," Brown group to the Labor Department, came out in opposition to nny such j law as well as to the creation of i any new government "super ma- Ichincry" for dealing with strikes. I Instead it said the government's ! role should be limited to "one of i voluntary mediation" through the {Labor Department's existing con- jciliation service. It suggested wider use of voluntary arbitration clauses in worker-employer contracts. "We believe that any form of compulsory arbitration or 'super machinery' for disposition of labor disputes may frustrate rather than foster industrial peace," the committee's report said. "With collective bargaining freed from all wartime controls we be'"i (lieve that American industry and • American labor can and will assume their individual responsibilities." The Labor Department added its own endorsement to these recommendations in releasing the committee's report. But to this Brqwn said: "If the Labor Department has the i answer now' it should have used it declared. '"If these people have the if' »««?8 time ago. Certainly there answer to their difficulties whv j '"' = , haven't they used it by now. or if jf.,"' they ' mut why hasn't have used worked?" Brown thus echoed statements from other GOP leaders who said privately last week that a bil! calling for compulsory arbitration of all disputes affecting the public interest will be pressed soon after the lawmakers convene. But the industry-labor committee — set up last yuvir as an advisory \,. '*' „ W1U some new labor legisla- vou can bet your life be." APPROPRIATE Seattle. Dec. 17 -- </n— At least three Northwest Airlines pilots arc appropriately named for their profession. The names: Paul Thrush, Russell Bird and Lawrence Pigeon. 'Advertisement Y"1 ^V7-^r- i _ .. • ,.. ^44tr* 'if horn where I sitw^Joe Marsh', (How fo f I guess folks in orir town do about i as much worrying as in yours-*-over housing and prices, and crops, and jobs—and the little domestic problems that are always coining up. *° Dad Hoskins, v;ho's lived to the happy age of eighty, .has a simple formula for stopping worry. About every problem, hc asks himself: Is there anything I can do about it? If there is, he never postpones making a decision, or taking necessary action. 'vsjc.xi.t!-fr»#.;..«,'.,.-..>; : •' If there isn't anything lie can Jo about it, he sets aside a "worrying • hour" after dinner, and gets his worrying over in one concentrated period. When that's over, he relaxes over a friendly glass of beer with Ma Hoskins—and they talk about pleasant things together, nntil bed- From where I sit, that's as work-' able a formula as you could find ...' right down to the mellow glass of beer that seems to wink away your J worries,. ""•••-•• - - •>.~..~^,.. i ' Copyright, 1946, United States Brewers Foundotic* ( Christmas Cards " "" A well designed card with an appropriate message is the best bearer of your Christmas greetings. Come in now to make your selections. CO.. IH 0. Temperatures Drop in Most Parts of U.S. Hindu Leader's Announcement of Severance From England Seen as Daring Gamble By The Associated Press j A cold wave moved into a large section of the country today and as temueratures skidded to below zero in many areas federal forecasters promised colder weather tomorrow. The chilly blasts whicli penetrated over the northern plains states yesterday moved across the Great Lakes region into the Ohio and lower Mississippi valleys and headed for the eastern seaboard ond the New England states. Forecasters said temperatures in ihe cold belt area would remain sub-normal most of the week. New falls of snow ranging as high as nine inches and winds reaching a velocity of 45 miles an hour accompanied the sub-zero Icnipcrutures in the northern sec- toins of Minnesota, Wisconsin and upper Michigan last night. Near blizzard conditions prevailed for brief periods in the three-state area, -icdoral forecasters in Chicago said, as 45-mile-an- honr winds whipped the newly fallen snow into huge drifts in many sections. The heaviest ialls of snow were nine inches at Saull Ste. Marie, Mich., and six inches at Duluth. Minn., with tempera- tires of five below. There was a crescent shaped band of snow averaging three to six inches icross northern Michigan and the lorthern sections of Wisconsin and Vlinensota. As the new mass o f cold nil- moved eastward temperatures dropped an average of from 20 to 30 degrees and by tomorrow morn- ng zero readings or lower were orecast to penetrate as far South as northern Iowa and extreme northern Illinois. Early morning readings in orth Dakota were the lowest re- Dorted in the cold belt, Pembina reporting 14 below; Grand Forks .0 below and Minot -1 below. The cold weather was not forecast for the southwestern section of the country or the Pacific Coast region. Temperatures of near 80 above were reported in parts of Texas yesterday. o Only Vote to Decide House Leadership By DeWITT MACKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst This is before the constituent assembly in New Delhi a resolution calling for an independent, Sovereign Republic of India—a highly explosive measure which, it adopted, could easily precipitate civil war among the 'our hundred millions of that vast i sub-continent. The point is that the government and assembly as now constituted represent only one party—the dominant Hindus .The Moslem League, claiming to stand for 90,000,000 Moslems, and the some GOO princes who rule over 1)0.000,000 subjects, haven't agreed so far to participate in the provisional government. Thus anv measure passed by the legislature would in effect be unilateral, since it would represent only the Hindus. There you have a kettle of trouble—at least potential trouble. Unhappily the political divisions in India arc largely on religious and racial lines. The feud between the Hindus and the Moslems has been the source of rivers of blood through the centuries. As recently as the past summer thousands of people died in tierce communal strife in various parts of the country—strife which was thp outgrowth of the -Doliticnl warfare in the capital. Over a short period in August more than 300 were killed, and nobody knows how many injured, in the great city of Calcutta. Things got so terrible that the sewers were choked with the dead. If horrors like that can grow out of political differences, what can we expect to result from a unilateral declaration of independence bv one of the political uarties? Many observers believe that former British Prime Minister Churchill gave the answer when he declared in the House of Commons on December 12: "Any attempt to establish a reign of Hindu numerical majority in India will never be achieved without civil war. This war will, ocfore it is decided, lead to an aw Deficit Budget Recommended by Committee Little Uncle, Dec. 17 — </!') Budgets which would !cave deficits in their revenue sources at the end of the next biennium were recommended for Arkansas A. & M. college, Monticcllo, and Arkansas Tech, Russcllville, by the 1947 !cg islature's presession budget committee today. The committee approved a $1711,600 annual budget for vlic Monticello school, which how has a $135,000 appropriation. It rccommcndet 1 Tech budgets of $177,400 for 1947-48 and $235,000 for 1948-49. Tech now receives $13, r i,000. Tech and A. & M. receive onl.v $150.000 each annually under the stabilization .law. President W. 1C. Morgan of A. M. presented a revised proposer budget which was $41,400 less thai his original request of scvera weeks. He explained that recent acquisi lion of surplus property had re dnced A. & M.'s monetary needs. Rep. Dick Wright, ArKadelphia told the committee ihat "ovcrj single college in the state is fixinj to come back in here and ask fo deficiency, emergency appropria lions to take care of some of thci current operations." He sai dtha si decision was reached by th ollegc presidents at a meeting i Little .Rock Sunday. Sen. Eric Canviness, Danville said he had attended the mcetini Sunday and that Wright was cor reel. Robertson Named Head of Arkansas 39th Division Little Rock, Dec. 16 — WV-Elgan J. Robertson, Marianna banker vho commanded the defenses at Julch Harbor against Japan's alack in June, 1942, has been rcc- brigadier general commanding gnized by the War Department as lie artillery of the 39th Division, V r k a n s a s-Louisiana National Guard, the Arkansas military de Washington, Dec. 17 -(UP) — House Republican Leader Joseph W. Martin, Jr., of Massachusetts, today squelched talk of a compromise in the GP house leadership battle and insisted that votes imposed, instead, creation of a state department of veterans af- "airs. jiirlmcnl .announced today. Robertson first enlisted in the National Guard March 1, 1805. He was commissioned Jan. '20, 1915, and served during World War One. fie was mustered into federal service as a colonel in the Coast Artillery Corps Jan. 0, 1941, as the commanding officer of the 206th Coast Artillery, Arkansas National Guard. The Military Department also announced that federal recognition had been extended six additional local Natioal Guard units In Arkansas, bringing to 39 the number so recognized. The newly recognized units elude: Headquarters Co., First' IJutt.nl- Headquarters Co., Second On,, 153rd Inf., Morrillon; Co. H. 153rd Inf., nusscllvlllo; Battery A, 937lh field artillery, Menn; Headquarters battery, 445lh F. A., Mariana; Battery B, 445th F. A., Forrest City. o COSTLY SNACK ' Big Spring, Tex., Dec. 7 —(/!')— A calf helped himself lo a $700 meal by swallowing the purse of O. D. .Smith, Forsan, Tex., druggist. Smith retrieved $335 in checks from the calf's mouth, but during Ihe two and one half hours before the animal was killed, it digested all the rest cxcepl $140 in cur- ion, 153rd infantry, Texarkana; rcncy and checks. Lanety To Study Plan Lillle Rock, Dec. 17 —(71')—Governor Laney said today he would study "carefully" the " legislative budget committee's rccommcnda- ...u-io.,, ,,, ls uudut-u, ,cciu to an aw- tion th«tthe slatc hospital for ail abridgment of the Indian popu- nervous diseases receive $2.500,000 intinn " from Stale Welfare department funds during the next two years. The transfer might be "all'right" I if basic needs of the Welfare de- lation. "Awful abridgment" is right Jor, so far as one can foresee, a civil w.Mr would have to run its course, i must decide the issue. Martin, who will be the nexl House speaker, told newsmen he had no intention of stepping aside as chairman of the Republican steering committee, the GOP's strategy-making body in the house. It had been reported that Martin would be willing to let the steering chairmanship go to ,Rep. Clarence J. Brown of Ohio if Brown would quit the leadership race in favor of Rep. Charles A. Halleck of Indiana. Martin also denied a report that Ihe The British are said lo have only around 50.000 English troops in that whole vast sub-continent. 'Attempting to restore order with them would be like trying lo police New York City with two cops. Of course Ihere is a big native standing army, but one would scarcely expect the British to try to employ that, made up as it is of both Moslems and Hindus. The only hope of averting catastrophe in India lies in finding some formula which will permit the warring factions lo join forces in creating a new government to implement the independence which Egland has offered. Dr. Mukuncl Ramrao Jayakar, former federal judge, has proposed to. the constituent assembly that discussions of the constitution be postponed until the Moslem league and the Indian states participate. The fate of 'India would seem to depend on the outcome of the debate in the assembly. partmcnt can be salisifcd without the money, the governor declared. "I will reserve my final decision until I can give it further study," Ihe said. Little Rock, Dec. 17 — (If}— The Arkansas Game and Fish Commission has under advisement a request by Rep-elect Russell Roberts. Conway, that it allocate $65,000 for a fishing reserve-recreational area on Palarm creek near Mayflower, Faulkner county. he would move to disband steering committee during Ihe coining session in order to freeze Brown out of any top role in the party's congressional councils. Martin said there definitely would be a steering committee in the next session and that he ox- pected to be its chairman. He noted that it was customary whenever Republicans were in con- j trol of the House for the speaker lo hold the steering chairmanship. Halleck, according to many responsible Republicans, is well out | in front in the leadership race at j friends admit this. But Brown, who this time. Some of Brown's iriends admit this. But Brown, who nas never formally announced his candidacy for the job, is still making a determined fight. His friends said he would be willing to step out of the contest if he could be assured of the steering committee chairmanship. But such a compromise is out. LIGHT HOUSEKEEPING Ogdensburg, N. Y., Dec. 14 —(A'l Richard Montroy, a navy veteran, has solved the housing problem for his wife, child and himself. Montroy plans to move inlo the Ogdensburg lighthouse on the St. Lawrence river. His bid on Ihe properly was accepted by the coast guard The lighthouse was built by the government in the mid-eighties. It has been unoccupied since 1942. Texarkana, Dec. 17 — iff)— Remainder of a scheduled five-day sale of surplus motor vehicles at the Red River arsenal here has been postponed indefinitely after a near-riot developed yesterday among some 2,500 veterans who had hoped to buy 300 vehicles offered for sale. Little Rock, Dec. 17 — (if)— Gov ernor Lancy's advisory committed on veterans legislation has deferred action on an American Legion proposal to expand operations The airplane used by Presidents . . . Roosevelt and Truman has no j of the veterans' service bureau, nanrj but is unofficially known as I State Commander Bob Ed Loftin the "Sacred Cow." of the Veterans of Foreign Wars eautiful Hankies' FOR HER STOCKING! ( No gift is lovelier ,"JHorc appropri- r than exquisite handkerchiefs. ,And Penney's has the prettiest F HANKIES. Cot-' ,-' linens, rayons, prints, plain col- white. Lace or un', trimmed. 29c-98c BOXED HANKIES:; Attractive little gifts!) Fine imported Ma-' dciras and others./ ' ' ' 1.49 Box FLOWERS FOR CHRISTMAS VISIT OUR SHOP TODAY • OPEN EVENINGS CORSAGES Beautiful Corsages for the Christmas Holidays . . . Beautiful Corsages for All Occasions. Blooming Plants Large blooming plants for gifts. Poinsettias, Lady Mac Begonias, Azalias, Christmas Cherries and Cycleman, and many others. Visit our greenhouse today and select your plants for Christmas delivery. CUT FLOWERS Gladioli, Carnations, Roses, Chrysanthemums, Orchids, Camellias and many others. DISH GARDENS Large assortment of dish gardens beautifully arranged with growing plants. All sizes and prices. Ideal as Christinas gifts. 1.00 Up ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS Artificial flowers for outside use. Flower pots 00 Up Open Evenings ~~HEMPSTEAD NURSERY and FLORIST ARTIFICIAL WREATHS Beautiful Assortment of Artificial Wreaths . . . Selert one today . . . E&» Variety of colors. $3 to $10 including easel) Visit Our Shop Today South Main St. Phone 236 GLITTER FOR YOUR "Who's thai girl in the cla/./.le dress?" It's you in your new MADGE DAVJS* - our young-sophisticate style group . . . geared for glamour llicsu days . . . wilh scada • uf sequin or nailhcad spangled I'uyou crepes, 10-20, 9-17, »Kc B . U. S. I'm. Off. 7.90 9.90 Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Wnshburn Dr. Charles H. Hcrty One of New South's 'Idea Men' } The stale of Georgia has unveiled in its capilol a bronze bust honoring the laic Dr. Charles II. Herly of Savannah for his laboratory research which led lo Ihe successful manufacture of newsprint from Southern pine. Dr. Hcrty in IflUH produced a test batch of ncwspiinl palp from Southern pine, shipped il lo a Canadian mill where il was manulaclurcd in- lo paper, and nine (Georgia dailies used it in a single run— the first time Ihat newsprint had ^!ver been manufactured from any- Rhiny except Northern spruce. What Dr. llerty had discovered was, thai while older pine Irccs have too much resin lo allow production of white paper without sunns, young Southern pine has no more resin content that the Norh- cin spruce. Dr. Herly worked Out Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair and continued cold this afternoon and tonight; not quite so cold Thursday; lowest temperature 18-22 in north and 2226 south portion. 48TH'YEAR: VOL 48—NO. 56 Star of Hope, 1899; Pros'- 1927 Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1946 (NEA)—Meons Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. ^P)—Means Associated Press PRICE 5c COPV C. C. Offices fo Be Moved Downtown A request by Vincent W. Foster and Charles A. Armitage that the local Chamber of Commerce offices be moved from the city hall to a site on Third street now occupied by the city rest ^-.oorns, was granted by the council last night in a lengthy session. This will put the offices down town, adjoining the police station. The rest rooms for Hope vir;ilors will be moved upstairs in the same building which is owned by the city. The change will be made in the near Allure. a process'io convcrl'lhe Southern j A resolution was passed asking wood into ncwsnrint, high - grade I the Aikansas Highway Department paper, and cellulose products—all to rebuild and widen Highway 67, at a lower cost than the process which runs through the city. which requires Northern wood. Southern publishers backed Dr. ^Icrty's newsprint process, set up with RFC help the first Southern pine newsprint mill at Lufkin, Texas, in 1940—and scored a tremendous success. You avc the judge of the mill's product, for The Star has been printed continuously on the Lufkin pine paper ever since the plant opened, this newspaper being a charier contractor. And the mill has been increased in size and its capacity doubled since the founding in 1940. ^ We pay tribute to Labor which Wlurns out its daily stint in the plants of America, and to Capital which furnishes the tools and management that make industry pos- siuie—mil let us not forget nt this moment the memory of a man without whom there would be no Labor or Capital. For behind every industry there is at least one man with an invention or an idea thai makes him the founding father. Such a one was the laic Dr. Charles H. Herby—the man who ^stai'lod '(ho movement that sooner ^Por later will bring all of the half- billion - dollar annual newsprint industry to the pine woods of the South. * -K * BY JAMES THRASHER Guests From. Nazi* Germany The new that 8G of the Nazi's best wartime scientists are now working for our War Dparlment must have struck many Americans as a roth- ^cr cold-blooded arrangement. Some "of the men wlioU'inanccd, organized and operated the "industry" which built the weapons devised bv these scientists have been tried and sentenced by Allied military courts. But the inventors themselves are living in comfort and comparative freedom, and working for something more than nominal wages. We have the War Department's assurance thai these men were "exhaustively screened" before being permitted to come to this country That statement carries Ihe inforen- ^cc that there is not a Nazi sympa- Wlhizer among these BO top - notch researchers of the Nazi war machine, which is a little hard to believe. But we might as well face the realistic fact that there was lit- lle lo clo wilh these men except execute them, jail them, or use U. S. Chamber Says Prices too High But Contend CIO Wage Demand No Way to Lower Them By NORMAN WALKE plained they arc "below normal." I The CIO report contended work- Washington, Dec. 18 -</1')-Thc , ora - -real" ca ,. n ings have declined United Slates Chamber of Com-1 f rO rn a 1945 peak. The chamber mcrcc conceded today that "mnny i asserted that "by the autumn of prices arc too high but declared this year the wage worker was still that a new round of wage increases substantially ahead in real wages will m.'lkn rprlm-im* Iliom " mrinc. - p , • . '_..,/•.. ,._*..._ n_ ° _.. of his position before the war or before the depression of the will make reducing them "impos siblc." The chamber gave industry's first full-dress reply to the CIO , contention that industry can at-'have afforded wage boosts with 1930s." „,,-. , , , , ° la " ,, <° d Raps U. S. Effort toEndSinoWar Singlehanded Staggering Size of Crop Production May Bring U. S. Price Support Next Year ford w.'ige increases' ranging un, to 25 per cent without raising prices out increasing prices last spring and can again in csirly 1947. The The city engineer was instructed to begin making plans for resurfacing the streets of Hope. The group vptad lo raise Ihe salary of city mild and meal inspector, Dr. II. D. Linker, $35 per month, and allow him $2f) per month automobile expenses, effective January 1, 1947. They also instructed he bo paid $3f> per month automobile expenses from Jul'y 1, 1940 to December 31, a total of $210. A citizens committe requcstcu that .in alley between Third and Fourth Street, running north and south bc- Iwecn South Main and South Walnut slrccl and half block running Easl on Fourth to Walnut street, ••"«ri. C. O. Thomas was instructed to make estimates on cost of the paving. No a*fcion was taken on request by C. O. Thomas, city cnginc'f^, 'hat a siren be substituted for the present fire whistle. or subslntially disturbing profit chamber replied that prices did go returns. | up after the first wage round, the "Economic mirage" was the he- CIO's arguments thus proved "fnl- btiltal of William K. Jackson, prcs- lacious" and demanded "what ident of the chamber. Ho said any makes Ihcm any more valid now?" wage increases will be accompanied The whole argument over the by "closely corresponding price meaning.of statistics, most of which were obtained by both sides from the government, is a prelude to the CIO wage drive for 1947. The CIO auto workers already have asked for a 23.5 cents an hour increase .Somewhat similar asking figures arc expected from the big CIO steel and electrical workers unions, as well as other CIO af- jncrcascs. Jackson submitted an analysis of the report made recently for the CIO by Robert R. Nathan, private economist and former deputy war mobilization director for the government. The analysis contended both Nathan and the CIO had used facts "carelessly." Nathan said industry profits arc at an all-time high, even exceeding war levels. The chamber main- filiatcs. Both sides warned of a dcprcs Continued on Pace Two By GRANT DILLMAN Washington, Dec. 18— (UP)— The staggering size of the nation's 1940 (•pble the nation's crippled food export program. Stassen Gives Challenge to Toft, Bricker By LYLE C. WILSON Washington, Dec. 18 — (UP) — Harold F. Slasscn's anounccmcnl here of his candidacy i'or the 1948 Republican presidential nomination was a challenge to other party leaders, in general, but especially !o Ohio and her favorite '.''sons. The mother of presidents apparently is carrying twins right now. either has announced his presidential aspirations. But Ohio's fjen. Robert A. Taft and Scn.-clecl John W. Bricker properly are regarded as potential 1948 GOP presidential Date for City Election Are Set Up Month The cily of Hope preferential and primary elections will be held Thursday, February 13, and Thursday February 27, J. P. Duffic, Central Committee secretary announced today. The elections were previously set for March 14-28. Any person desiring to enter as a candidate must fil? with J. Pat Duffic before January 13. The election is lo be held for the purpose of naming candidates lor the offices of mayor, city treasurer, city recorder and clerk, and alder nominees. Bricker supported Tafl for Ihe presidential nomination in 1940, the men for each of Ihe four wards. local Zero Weather Strikes in Several By The Associated Press The Middle West shivered again today in sub-zero and below irccz- ycar the parly was kidnapped by | ing temperatures as the season's .".he late Wendell L. Willkic. In 1944, cvcrest cold wave lingered over a them. They are, T.-ifl supported Bricker and the later won the nomination as vice presidential running mate to infact, part of Ihe spoils of war—about the only spoils this government has received. As such they arc extremely valuable, for two reasons. In Ihe first place, il is highly dc> sirablc to have them out of Germany. They might all plead thai their atlilude was one of scientific detachment, and thai their efforts to secure a victory for Nax.i fanaticism did not mean that they lop were families. But certainly il would have been unsafe to leave them al large in Germany, even an exhausted, impoverished Germany, so long as cells of Nazism remain. Secondly, their presence here is worth infinitely more than any amount of money or machines that > we might secure from Germany. The War Department has estimated that their efforts will save this country from 2 to 10 years and at lea-sl $7l'),000,000 (in rocket research alone. That statement is further, though not particularly startling, proof ol how far the United States hu'ged behind Germany in the field of mil ilary science, except for the atomic bomb. At any rate, we have with us to day the men who developed the V-2 rocket and Ihe ME-163 jot fi • ghlcr, as well as specialists in sucl ' things as pulse jet and ram jet en gines, radar, and supersonic aerodj namics. Until the United Nation develop an acceptable and work able disarmament program, they will probably continue developing Iheir particular specialties for the Army which they so recently opposed. What will become of them after disarmament? Sonic will go lo universities and private- industries here, the War Department says. Others may return lo Germany. Gov. Thomas "E. Dcwey of New York. The Ohio deal apparently did not extend to 1948. With an ;iclive candidate in the field and for other reasons, il seems likely Ohio soon will have lo begin deciding whether it wants to whoop il up for Tafl or Bricker in the pruconvcntion .scramble jor olegatc voles. Among ihe other casons that Ohio might be at a isadvantage in preconvenlion ma- undctcrmined two favorite vide area and headed for Ihe Mid lie Atlantic talcs. and New . England By AUSTIN C. WHERWEIN Washington, Dec. 18 -(UP) — Two senators demanded today that the United Stales hull ils single- handed efforts to end China's "indecisive civil war and turn the job over to a Big Three conference u.n'd c r chairmanship of Gen. George C. Marshall. 'With a plea for a halt in American aid to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek. Sens. James E. Murray, P., Mont., and Ralph E. Falnders, R., Vt., proposed that the United States, Russia and Britain meet with leaders of all major Chinese political factions to lay foundations for a coalition government. • They said the conference should work within the framework of the United Nations and be led by Mar- sljall because of his familitarity With the situation in China. Marshall, as President Truman's personal envoy, has been pressing for in agreement between Chiang and Chinese Communists, i After the conference completes -Is work, the senators said, the ivrcc powers should "declare hemsclves out of Chinese poli- .jcs. 1 ' Murray said hc would in- ,i;oducc legislation embracing the proposal if the administration tailed to act. '•j-Whal is needed, they said, is an approach that would make China neither an American nor Russian satellite but a truly independent country freed of the authoritarian rule of one party. The Murrav-Flanders declaration was signed also by four Far Eastern experts. They were Owen Lattimore, director of the Johns Hopkins University page school of international relations and a former advisor lo Chiang; H. H. Fisher, Hoover Library of War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University; and Foster Rhea Dulles, Ohio State University History professor. Warning that the Chinese civil war threatened indefinite chaos and deslruclion, the statement said American military aid to Chiang had spread an anti-American feeling among ihe Communists. , "We cannot promote American ideas of democracy by giving exclusive support to one side or the other," the senators said. crop production loday increased the possibility thnt the government may have to earmark .large sums next year for price supports. The Agriculture Department said total crop production this year was the greatest in history, topping the 1923-32 pro-drought average by 26 per cent and the previous 1942 record by two per cent. Production of the eight major grains alone totalled 162,500,000 tons, assuring the nation its most liberal food and feed supplies on In a letter to Conway, Mr .Tru man explained that once again the United States is faced with "the problem of achieving large expor goals in spite of serious obstacles.' He said there is plenty of grain fot export but no way to ship it. The president pointed out earlier that this country could ship up to 50,000,000 bushels of grain if trans- portalion were available. Actually shipments by next June 30 — the end of the crop year—may not top 400,000,000 bushels. The amount of grain actually tunneled overseas the rest of this Terry Tells of above average. Agriculture Department officials said the record would make record. The output on fruits and i year will have a direct bearing on non-food products also was well! domestic prices next year It was pointed out that the carryover of grain into next year will be much larger than originally expected, partly because of the size of the 1946 crop and partly because the lagging export program. Another big yield in 1947 coupled with a large carryover from the 194G cop would force the government to take prompt action to,carry out its promise to support farm prices at 90 per cent of parity for two years after the emergency. il possible to meet domestic food needs, rebuild the stockpiles depleted by last spring's fight against hunger and export large quantities Of cereals overseas. Meanwhile, President Truman recalled Capt. Granvillc Conway, former war shipping administrator, to government service for 90 days to do what he can to untan- Professor Has Low Opinion of Hollywood Hollywood, Dec. 18 — (/P)— The film colony seldom reacts strongly lo criticism from the outside, and the latest blast directed at Hollywood, even though .it originated within the ivied walls of Harvard university, stirred up only a sub siding ripple today. Prof. Carle Zimmerman, Harvard sociologist, in an address before Ihe Boston Congregational Club, opined that Hollywood film people comprise a "synthetic childless population," rather lack ing in brains. "One of the first things that has to be done to control the family system is to clean out that group of disintegrated people in Hollywood," the professor said. Well, a number of movie fathers and mothers, many of them plural, naturally had a few things "in say. But. it was only a coincidence, .rMs,'" Iral have succeeded in.cpi* oi-^uui-s'c; - thl.t. Betty Grab** in-, tSHng' -enough ''American cqui'i?- formcd her studio she was expect-1 ment from Chiang's Nationalists 'The Communists, they added, receiving Russian sup louvers wilh an •hoicc between her :ons is Dewoy's standing in the con- esl as of now. Dewey was nominated for presi dent lost in 1944. There is a Republican tradition against rcnomi- ifition of a defeated candidate. Nevertheless, Dewey is governor o£ New York state which casts 4 electoral votes, the largest num jer among the stales. He was spec .acularly reflected last November .o a second term as governor. Dcwcy looks to many as the iiiai LO beat. Bricker's supporters are quick to point out that the senalor-clecl's triumph in Ohio was even more, imposing, percentage-wise, thai Dcwey's in New York. But righllj or wrongly Dewey was accepted bj many persons throughout the natioi as the individual star of the Republican election day performance last November. Six Republicans usually are mentioned here when politicians talk of the 1948 presidential nomination. They arc Sen. Arthur H. Vandenberg, R., Mich., Gov. Karl Continued on Page Two Guard Officers Sworn in Here Today Old Company 'A 1 , 153rd Infantry, will be reorganized immediately and will have seven officers and 188 enlisted men, Gen. H. L. McAllister, adjutant general of the Aikansas National Guard announced today. He was accompanied to Hope by Col. Don Scott, S., instructor of guard units, Major Charles L. Basley, stale staff officer and M-Sgl. Horace C. Jones, sevgcanl Below zero temperatures extend cd from eastern Montana across ^torlh Dakota and into Minnesota, Wisconsin and upper Michigan. The mass of cold air was expected o move into the Eastern section .onighl with sharp drops in torn- jcralures by tomorrow morning, [leadings of near and below zero were forecast ior New England. The mercury in many Midwest cities hit the low mark lor the season today, wilh Pembina, N. D., [he coldcsl spot on the early morning weather map with a reading of 10 below. Grand Forks reported -9. Chicago's six above was the coldest weather since last winter. The mercury nipped to Iwo below al Madison, Wis. Snow flurries occurred in the cold belt and there was general rain- country from Louisiana to Virginia, fall in the Southeastern part of the Fair weather prevailed in other sections, ledcral foiccaslcrs in Chicago said. The forecasters said temperatures will begin lo moderate over Ihe Western plains today and east- ing her second child next summer, and that Mrs. Mickey Rooncy announced in Birmingham, Ala., she would enter a hospital shortly to await arrival of her second dillo. Some of the most famous :ialhers declined to comment, holding their performance spoke for itself. Included were Bing Crosby, who has four sons; Eddie Cantor, who has five daughters; Don Amechc and Robert Young, each the father of four. Ronald Reagan, who has two children, said he believed movie families could "match the professor, both in numbers and quality." Paul Hcnrcid, also father, voiced surprise that a Harvard professor would "deal in generalities about a minority group." Papa Glenn Ford wished "someone would muzzle these publicity seekers." "to maintain and-pcrhaps even increase the vigor of their resistance." Murray rejected any suggestion that China would become another Russian satellite if the United States did not fully support Chiang. This, he said, "is a malicious distortion and the same Bolshevik bogey used by Hitler to "divide the world." 9 Pupils, Bus Driver Die in Train Collision Ncwberry, S. C. Dec. 18—OP)— Nine pupils and the driver of a school bus were killed today when the bus and a southbound Southern Railway passenger train collided at a grade crossing on'- the outskirts of Silverstreet, a village seven miles southwest of Ncwberry. Twelve other school children were injured in the accident. They were brought to Newbcrry county hospital for treatment. Attendants said all were in critical condition. Mrs. H. N. Wallace of the Swain funeral home, where five of the dead were brought, said ambulance drivers told her the train struck the bus on the side and dragged it for half amile down the tracks. Some bodies were carried': along on the cowcatcher of the engine while others were scattered beside the track. Mrs. Wallace said the ergs).}, urred on a-straight stretch of'ro , was tneprized, she added, that ic bus -driver was not expecting' ic train because it was reported unning late. Richard Sanders, the driver, was illcd. St. Louis Organ St. Louis—(AP;—More than 5,000 pipes will be built into a giant liturgical organ ordered for the SI. Louis Cathedral (Roman Catholic). The largest will be 30 feet long, the smallest about the size of a lead pencil. Msgr. Nicholas Brinkman, rector, says it will be the largest I organ in St. Louis. An Inexperienced Authority Gives Out With Some Ideas on Raising Boys and Girls By HAL BOYLE New York, Dec. 18 —(/Pi— Most young couples planning ahead for a family want a boy instead of a ward into the Mississippi valley to- . rrow, with a quite general rise|.. As an unprejudiced observer of readings indicated for Friday. hc Parenthood scene this always ., , ,,_ „ ._..._., has ama/.cd me. 1 think the only moi in re Although falls of snow averaged two lo nine inches over the northern sections of Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan, no new heavy falls were forecast for cither the Midwest or in the New England area. The heaviest fall was IS inches reported at Kly, Minn., near the Canadian border. instructor .for guard units. The. state personnel will meet Shopping Days with civic representatives to form an organisation here and in obtaining suitable armory facilities. Officers sworn in this morning were; Captain Dorsey Fuller and First Lieutenant Jack E. Rust, both of Hope. Temperature Drops to 27 Degrees During Night The temperature went down to 27 degrees here last night, just a single degree above the season record of 20 on 'December 3 and 4. the Slaliuu announced. Crowd Hears Symphony Orchestra The Arkansas State Symphony Orchestra, conducted and directed by William Hacker, received much applause from an appreciative audience of approximately four hundred at a concert presented in Ihe high school auditorium on December 17. The program consisted of Ihe first three movements of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, "Night and Day" bv Porter. "Jazz Pizzicatlo" by'Anderson, "On the Trail" by Orofe, and "Finlandia" by Sibelius. To the strains of Mr. Hacker's special orchestral arrangements, the audience sang Christmas carols for the finale. | Mr. Hacker, conductor, composer i .met musician, organized the orchcs- 1 Ira of volunteer musicians during the past year for the purpose of furthering the development of musical talents and of instilling a deep- nly Ihing harder to raise than a good boy is a baby gorilla with the mumps. "How long does a boy really belong to you? Five, maybe six years. Then for ten years he is asavagc, and for the next five years after that a callow introvert with mental growing pains. And then hc blossoms forth and belongs lo the world —and to himself. But he really hasn'l belonged to you since the day his first tooth was knocked out. Hc has only been hibernating. So it has been since Adam and his ex-rib got the eviction notice from Eden that began the world's housing shortage. But you take a baby girl. Mr. and Mrs. — you got something! You don't find her playing hookey to go to a burlesque show, scrawling rude words on the sidewalk, or using telephone poles as duck pins for the family's only car. By nature she becomes mother's helper lo learn her own future trade of housewife, and she prac- tises her childhood wiles on the old man .thus giving that misunderstood hero of the hearth the little attentions that Mama gave him before she discovered he was a pretty good meal-ticket but a lousy understudy for Valentino. But many modern parents are breaking up this age-old normal pat tern, and in these families little siser is growing up in the image of junior. As a result the American schoolrooms are being cluttered with a bunch of mop-haired teen-age girls who resemble something that crawled onl of a Dali painting in bobby sox. They look Death Penalty Not Sought in Murder Case Little Rock, Dec. 18—(/P)— City ictectives testified in Pulaski cir- uit court today that Mrs. Tracy Sschwciler had confessed and re- nacted for them the fatal shooing of her former husband, Dr. aul Eschweiler, here last Aug. 23. Mrs. Eschweiler, on trial on a charge of first degree murder, en ered a plea of innocent yesterday. Deteclive A. M. Haynie, appear- ng as a slate witness, testified he yas present during the investiga- ion of the University Medical school professor's death. He sale Vlrs. Eschweiler had related thai she took a pistol from her handbag md shot her divorced husband in British Women OrganizeShare Husband Club By RODERICK McARTHUR. London, .Dec. 18 — :UP)— The Bachelor Motherhood League's campaign to help frustrated women solve the man shortage with a "plural mating" plan was tempos drily foiled today because directors of a public hall cancelled their first meeting. "Such a league is not exactly the sort of thing we want meeting in Denison House," the hall's directors said. . Sharing the available men "by private agreement," as. advocated in the new league's pamphlets, obviously was running into opposition from orthodox society. Denison House directors said Dr. Eflward A. Wilson hired.-the ; 'hall for Sunday "to give a sociological lecture." They found out later that his topic was "the necessity for the Bachelor Motherhopcl League." Their immediate; r;e.a-c V ; i o»n^'-No neeting. , • .- . Printed announcements of the neeting distributed yesterday aid, "the health, of 200,000 women i England alone is endangered be- ause of the widespread frustra- on of their legitimate biological esires." There arc 200,000 more women han men in England, the. leaflets aid, and "their nervous systems nd health demand expression. ." The league said it did not advo- ate breaking laws against biga- ny,' It suggested alliances con- raclcd by "private agreement." "The grave problem of unbal- nce in the number of men and women in Europe can only be olved by plural mating," the eaflet said. "It is the aim of the Bachelor Motherhood League to ncourage women to take the step if bachelor motherhood with a rue sense of responsibility." The league proposed opening a civil register to create a special status for unmarried mothers. It irged establishment of a head- Washington, Dec. 18 — VP)— Edward P. Terry, former secretary to Senator Bilbo (D-Miss), testified today that there was an "understanding" with Mississippi war contractors in connection wilh a '1940 campaign debt. Terry told Senate war contract investigators that Bilbo told him the debt would be paid by the con- ractors. "Was there any understanding hat these war contractors were . o pay any money or that any money was to be paid?" asked Senator Ferguson (R-Mich). "Yes," Terry replied. A few moments before Terry had testified he could recall no conversations about "payment of money." Under Ferguson's questioning, Terry said it had been his auiy to provide campaign funds -"or the 1940 election of Senator Bilbo. To do this, Terry said he advanced , "about $3,600 plus $750, or about $4,000." Shortly afterward Terry said he received a long distance telephone call from Bilbo in .which "Senator ' Bilbo told me the money would be repaid me by these contractors." Terry said that A. B.'Friend, one time campaign manager ior Bilbo and later one of the war contractors, was present in his room when Bilbo telephoned. The witness said he later received cash and checks to repay the debt. At another time, while he and Bilbo were having breakfast in the same building where the hearing now is underway, Terry said Bilbo told him: "Be calm, stay on the job and d6n't say anything to these < boys until they get well on. the way on nis room. Haynie said'after voluntarily ad- («>mosl abominable sighl in the eyes of a civilized man — and a big cause of divorce — is a sloppy, un tidy woman. i would give her the back of tin hairbrush if she ever screeched o yammered. I'd give her as :i goa Shakespeare's Cordelia: "Her voic was ever sweet and low." I wouli make onlv one exception — who she laughed. A woman with a rca belly laugh can shake a king' heart, and certainly will never di an old maid. As soon as her fingers were nim ble, I'd have her taught how t cook and to sew her own clothes I'd sec thai she learned somcthin of art and music and now to pao. die a canoe and put on a bandage I'd make her wear her hair i Braids until we both got tired of i But Ihe day she cut her hair short she would become her mother's daughter — not mine. I'd let her go out on her first date alone during her third year in ligh school, and I'd pray that the young ape who escorted her has buck teeth. (Don't spread your wings all at once, baby, you have to fly a long way.) I'd want her to be as feminine as Eve and as witty as Becky Sharp. I'd hope to Halifax everybody thought she was pretty and nobody ever convinced her she was beautiful. I would never want her to look forward to any permanent career except marriage. But I'd insist she be able to earn her own living at something. Preferably being a private secretary. No other job so enlightens women on how helpless men rcallv are. And, besides, it's good training for organizing and running a house. And, besides that, I think a woman who has worked in business appreciate more fully the pleasures of staying homo. I'd give my consent —a lot thai would probably matter! — to hei marrying anybody except a mar milling the shooting Mrs. Esch weiler look officers lo Ihe scene lo show them where she and her hus band had been standing al Ihe time of Ihe shooting. Prosecuting Attorney Sam Rob inson told the court that Detective H. R. Peterson and former Deputy Prosecutor Otis Nixon would offe similar testimony. Haynie said he and Peterson be gan an investigation about 30 min utes after Dr. Eschwcilcr was shot The detective said that when of ficers started to make a parafii test of Mrs. Eschweilcr's hands tc determine if she fired the pisto she declared: "Oh, I had il in my hand." Haynie said she was told: "The you must have shot him." He said she replied: "Yes, did." The detective said Mrs. Escl veiler had told them she and he lusband had quarreled over voman's picture which the slai nan was said to have had in hi billfold. After Judge Gus Fulk agreed t U tenuity cliiu i.u jiiauaiutt; t* vi^vjv- »— . , . ,, , , <• . i t i j i j ri 4 T-J aurrc-ciation for the fine arts and act — down to the last feather , who drank every day. But 1 d en- I.I J . M . • I III-,. ^1^1 OUl^C Cilti.Mr ra»ll M»r,,.V_ I /»i-iin><-i<m |TO,» 1 ti ni'H'i-v 1ho >iir>n«' Th? date of their appcarencc in Hope concludes their present toiy through the principal cities of Arkansas before their scheduled performance in Little Rock on December 18. — like old Chief Sitting Bull working himself up for another bender against the palefaces. Now if I had a daughter— courage her to marry the nicest rich man she could fall in love with After all the dough and worry she cost me, 1 should have something Without turning her into a clothes to look forward lo in my old age 1 would teach hu 1 that the besides social security. admit the dcleclives' nto evidence, Defense cstimon Attorne the jobs." Terry explained this referred to war contractors who were just starting work on projects that Bilbo had helped obtain for them. < "M.y understanding was that they, through some manipulation, would begin to pay me," Terry added. t '<< - .; •-Terry said the extra $750 ha'd : ' been advanced to help repay $3,'- ' 000'that Bilbo had borrowed from', t Abe Shushan, New Orleans, V""l^'at,"} ! merchant arid-.former Hueyijsong, ' political"lleutenant. ^ ' 'a., *• Terry said. v BUbo told him : Shush,ah:>'i had;. Mvan.cedt4Jse;f $ with the understanding ''that would not have to be repaid quarters club to provide bachelor nothcrs mutual security. Wilson's address, given to Demon House, was in an unpretentious street in West Lond. He was lot immediately available for com- nent on the meeting cancellation. An unidentified person answering lis telephone said, "I know nothing about the proposed league, but I am sure that if Doctor Wilson is aehind it, it will be a sincere and idealistic effort to aid the women of Europe." Bilbo aided Shushan in clearing up * pending federal actions against him. • • r ( "Was that the civil suit Jor lax , collection or the mail fraud case against ,S h u s h a n?"- Ferguson , asked. ' , Terry said he did not know but J he recalled that he and Bilbo went to the Justice Department here. In the attorney general's offices;, Terry said Bilbo was told that "nothing could be done regarding- the Shushan case in New Orleans." Later, just as he and Senator Bilbo were leaving for a political; convention, Terry said, Bilbo', received word that Shushan was "going to sell" the $3,000 note to "Hugh White, a political opponent of the senator." Terry said he arranged an, emergency session at which $3,000 was raised to repay this note. Describing one other encounter with Shushan, Terry said Bilbo sent him to Shushan' s home to try and obtain a donation for the 194.0 campaign. "Shushan said 'nothin' doin'," Little Rock, as Expected, to Play Postseason Game Little Rock, Dec. 18 — (IP)— The Lillle Rock Tigers, state high school football champions, have been granted permission by the Arkansas Athletic Association to play in the Toy Bowl game at New Orleans Sunday. AAA Executive Secretary Johnie Burnett said 101 of 105 votes received in a poll of member schools which play football favored participation by the Tigers in the charity tilt. This was far more than the majority needed, since there are about 120 football members of the/ association. Terry recalled. "And I was very, glad to get out of there in a hurry." Senator Ferguson wanted to know why. Terry smiled faintly and then said that Shushan's home was carefully guarded and the "gates were locked when I .finally was ad* milted." An effort to bar Terry .from testi* tying about his "confidential rela^ tionship" with his former employer. Bilbo, was made by Paul Dil^ Ion, St. Louis lawyer who appeared as Terry's counsel at the hearing'. Dillon argued that to permit; a senator's secretary to disclose confidential matters learned, in connection with his professional duties would "destroy the proper carry? ing on of the Senate's business." Chairman Mead (D-NYi, ruling otherwise, pointed out that a Sen* ate investigating committee is not a court of law and not bound by the same rules of procedure. Senator Ferguson (R-Mich) asked Bilbo's attorney, Forrest Jackson, if the senator had any objections lo Terry testifying. "No," Jackson said, Senator Bilbo wiaves lege. 'we do not. any_ privi- as Senator Bilbo concerned, Mr. Terry may testify Little Rock's opponent will be '«»* concerning any matter what- if hc soever. Terry, nervously smoking cigarettes and speaking to a few friends, was sworn shortly before 10 o'clock. Terry previously had written the investigating committee a lettt'c asking to be excused :Crom testifying altogether on the ground that his life had been threatened. He said hc had been told by an anonymous phoncrcaller that the lives of his wife and daughter also were in jeopardy if he testified against his former boss. Terry, speaking softly and slowly, told the investigating group 'ihat hc now is in the lumber business at Meridian, Miss., and Lakeland, Fla. Hc said hc served as secretary to Bilbo for seven years, until January 21 of this year. Bilbo has said hc fired Terry Dec. 15, 1945. Terry disclosed that from September 7 until October 9 in 1912 he did not act as secieU'ry bp- cause of a dispute with Bilbo over a minor appointment. Bilbo urged him to return, he said, and he remained on the pay. -ci D __. __ _ ,_ D ^ _._ roll during the dispute. 1.7"the""heart ~;incf 'th'Jn rc-cntemJ iiho" sta'tements of other mejnbers,"| Senator Ferguson iR-Mich) in- Fred Isgrig informed the court h was objecting lo all of Ihe officers statements regarding the allege confession. Physicians who attended D Sschwciler the night of the shoo ng testified yesterday as to details of the University Medical School professor's death. Dr. W. M. Hamilton told ihe court Dr. Eschwcilcr, when asked had shot himself, replied and mentioned a name which "sounded like 'Tracy' or 'Gracie'. Testimony that Dr. Eschweiler telephoned him immediately being shot was presented by Dr. Albert William McCullough, associate anatomy professor at the medical school. Dr. R .H. Rigdon, who performed an autopsy, said Dr. Eschweiler had a "very serious" wound which was accompanied by profuse internal bleeding. The bullet, he Warren Easton High, New Orleans city champion. UNUrges°Probe~ of Conditions in Balkans By WILLIAM L. RYAN Lake Success, N. Y., Dec. 18 — (/Pi—The United States proposed today that the United Nations Security Council send a commission to the Balkans to investigate conditions on both sides of the Greek frontier and urged the council to withhold judgment on Greece's complaints against her neighbor slates until a report was at hand. Hcrschcl V. Johnson, chairman and American delegate to the council, said the United Stales believed such an investigation "is an essential first step" in the council's deliberations on the Greek charges. "I shall, myself, avoid making any comments on the merits of the said, entered the chest .pierced the I various allegations and counler-al right lung and traveled downward I legations unless forced to do so by the lung. I Johnson said. Continued on Page Two

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