Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 17, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, December 17, 1946
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Mk»^^h^-^^<rtw«*WHW'&«fcW«*«Www^*&*^^ Page Six HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Monday, December 16, 1946 *! Underground Forces at Work Against Russian-Dominated Government of Poland By J. M. ROBERTS, JR. - AP Foreign Affairs Analyst (Substituting for MacKenzie) Sbmething very like the wartime French underground campaign against the Germans is going on now in Moscow-dominated 'Poland. AUhbugh the government controls the country's resources and major arms supplies, widespread .guerrilla warfare .heavy casualties, the number of troops involved and overflowing jails indicate a movement of sufficient size io suggest the possibility of- civil war. The government itself estimates it "holds 10,000 political prisoners. Heightened pre-election activity by security police and military courts increases the number daily. Underground bands are increasing- their atacks on villages, state institutions and government officials. The bands apparently consist largely of members of the old underground ariYiy which sought the Germans. The government claims they are supported from outside by the Poles who joined the Allied forces in Europe. The necessary secrecy surrounding the guerrilla bands also seems to have attracted anti-Semitic and purely brigand forces. The underground is reported to have killed 15,000 politicians, se- "curity police, Russians and plain Civilians since the Communist government came to power. The militia alone admits loss of 2,000 killed and 4,300 wounded in fights with the guerrillas, of whom ihey claim to have killed 2,000. The government has had to use regular army divisions at times to maintain even a semblance of control in some areas. ^Refugee Poles have predicted that if free eleclions were held the government would lose, and that if elections are not free there will be a civil war. , The government-harassed Polish Peasant party claims to represent a majority of the people and is' supported, although it repudiates How To Relieve Bronchitis Creomulsion relieves promptly be- fcause it goes right to the ssat of the trouble to help loosen and expel germ laden phlegm, and aid nature to soothe and heal raw, tander- inflamed bronchial mucous membranes. Tell your druggist to sell you B bottle of Creomulsion with the understanding you must like the way it quickly allays the cough or you are to nave your money back. CREOMULSION for Coughs, Chest Colds, Bronchitis Dispellcr Presents 'Dance of Flames'k. the support publicly, by the major underground groups, especially the NSZ (National Armed Forces) headed by Vice Premier Miko 1-aczyk. The NSZ takes the position — or at least some of its widely scattered commanders do — that a Pole who fails to support them is in effect supporting a foreign-controlled government, and that his home is subject to the torch and his goods to confiscation. Existence of the underground forces undoubtedly has been used for selfish purposes, just as cheap politicians and common criminals came to hide beneath Ku Klux Klan regalia in the South of reconstruction days, and this has given the government a broader excuse for retaliation than it otherwise might have had. But patriotism seems the main theme. Just what chance the opposition might have of forcing a change in the government is problematical. The number of guerrillas and the membership of the Polish Peasant party, taken with the number of citizens who sympathize with them but are afraid to take any active part against the government, must constitute a vast cross-section of Poland. But even in a free election the result would not be foregone. The government has instituted economic measures which benefit millions. What the opposition is sure of is that, under the present system of armed government poll-watchers, raids on Polish Peasant party headquarters, arrests of its leaders and interference with its press, the election in January will not be free. And the government, should a completely frustrated opposition resort to civil war, would have behind it the strength of Soviet Rus sia. Clubs there's still a world- Happy Home Club met at the home of Mrs. Bill Rosenbaum December 6th. The song of the month was sung by the group. The Devotional was read by everyone reading a verse. The roll call was answered with 'One thing Christmas means to me' The minutes were read and approved. The old and new business was discussed. A demonstration was given on Holiday table decorations. A Christmas program and exchange of homemade gifls took Ihe place of Ihs regular recreation period. The next meeting will be at* the homo of Mrs. W. Bowels. The dem- onstralion was on candy making. After the meetnig was closed refreshments were served by the hostess to Mrs. Herman Dodson, Mrs. Ferd Gathrighl, Mrs. Bill Rosenbaum, Mrs. Peebles, Mrs. W. Bowels, Mrs. Morice Sanders, Mrs. Culherson and Mrs. Wiley Dillard. Baker } The Baker Home Dpnio.iisjtration Club met at the home''6f<M(hs. Grady Browning at 2:00 p.m. 'Friday December Ibth, with nine members and Miss Mary Dixon, home dem- onstralion agent, present. Following the Devotionals, roll call was answered by each member with "One thing Christmas means to me." The club voted to recommend that the Red rose be selected as the home demonstration council flower, red. and white as colors and Arkansas as the song. Last years officers and leaders with the exceplion of the following were approved for 1947: Vice-presi- \ Like weird dancing H '; i being tried out on ru \ "FIDO," was develop: Thieves Se More J ewe During Foe London, Dec. 14 —(/P) .. day dogged Brilain for straight day, hopelessly traffic, tying up shippiiv at least three deaths a* comparatively free rein and pickpockets. Train and plane schcc disrupted and motor tral a virtual standstill. Scotland Yard opera ready hard pressed by : new crimes, announced Hara was robbed last nU American-born Marqui hara was robbed last nif 000 worth of jewels ani someone who apparent!' handbag from its shou- in Victoria railroad stat- The marquise, the :'or Byrne, widow of a Spat, ter to Paris, was retur Paris. The jewels, which ir Russian emerald and' brooch and a diamond bracelet, were bought ii. ed States, she said, and from her late husband, counselor of the Spanis' in Washington. Police also sought a • "woman in slacks" — > be a skilled judge of fi mingle in high society, do wed with the agility o. artist in connection burglaries. The officers thai a woman's heel found outside a bedroorr shol, where Mrs. Irene was robbed Thursday ni 000 in jewelry. It also stood that there was oth. lhal a woman was a m gang suspected of a lor robberies, including thr October of 330,000 wort, from the Duke and I Windsor. The strangest crime 4 of the xog was the dii dent Mrs. Roy Gates; gardening _ leader, Mrs. T. B. Fenwick; Poul-1 of $3,600 worth of silver try, Mrs. T. B. Fenwick, clothing, sealed express car Mrs. L. J. Purtle; child develop- menl and family life Mrs. Grady Browning and Recreational pro- lam song leader, Mrs. J. W. White. The demonstration was on hints for Christmas decorations. Mrs. Roy Baker will entertain the club in January when a demonstration on refinishing furniture will be given. Christmas gifts were exchanged and a sweets plate served during the social hour. The home demonstration club woman's creed was given at the end of the meeting. Rocky Mound The Rocky Mound Home Demonstration Club met with Mrs. Ivan Brignt Thursday December 12 for thp annual Chrislmas party. Eight children and 14 women enjoyed the uni isimas tree, exchange of gifts and refreshments. During the business session Mrs. W. H. Fincher was elected home management leader, Mrs. Harold Higgason was elected home improvement leader and Mrs. Norman Taylor was elected secretary. All other officers and leaders will remain the same as for last year. Suggestions for holiday decorations were given by Miss Mary Dix on, home demonstralion agent. The club decided on violet for the home demonstration color, on jasmine as the flower and on Arkan sas for the song. Mrs. Florence Fincher will entertain the club in January. The dem onstralion will be on Soap Making and Decorative Stitches. o Deliberately set fires caused 27 percent of the forest fire loss in 1945. I I f< % fit CASH IN 5 MINUTES A New Month Means New Expenses Have your car appraised at Hope Auto Co. and borrow up to its full value. You'll need no cosigners and no endorsers. Ask for Mr. Tom McUrty, HOPE AUTO CO. ound for Wales. Al ( eals were intact when pened at Cardiff, the ;one. The remainder •• ment, worth $40,000 ouched. o Brood way _By JACK O'BRIAN New York — The nr Jeorge Jessel's comr Broadway friend who i wedlock: "I don't want die, but I'd like to v he happiness I migh on several similar occu* olher vote for ilatbu" 1 ^ Anne Jeffreys, movie s o the Brooklyn Acade 1 0 sing in "La Tosca," vay producers came hear ner. . . Tho res vill abandon Hollywoo or so lo appear in the iion of "Slreel Scene,,' duced by Dwighl Deei\ he Playwrighls' Com> ?our producers bid for of the beautitul (Gold arolina thrush. The yowl sent up by ber fans over wyn's changing the 1 "Beret Life of Walter Wake Up Dreaming Sam he better go bat ginal, and he now s "and final" title will ret Life etc." Sally DeMarco tor's Hospital with he blooey from overwor for the concert tour . ner-husband Tony L scheduled. . . .The • Fred Astaire's ne\ dance studios will be most fashionable Pa dress. When Mark Hel) Killers" opened at tb den Theater, it,was d a few all-night shows fit of the Iheater a workers who can't performances. It turned out that could keep going j weeks at a time on ; there being a larger, population available hopeful theater ma. lieved So now continue with each ? film. . . But the addi house hadn't counte. fact that a good m; of the theater and ni the premises a gla and autograph hound ous folk who simpl at the glinting stars ' 1 ments helped fill th larly. ... Almost will find the inner k folks who hqve paio wait for whateve come by, such as J the Liints, Kay Bo! ever names arc ai the time, Entire Blame for the Chaos in Manchuria Is Laid on Soviet Russia's Doorstep Orient. She is tho logical "moni. tor" of Asin. But n stnblc Chinn nnel a China in which the Communists can ex- panel their sphere of control arc two different things. I'uuley' s report does everything but sny outright that the Russians nrc well aware of this. By J. M. ROBERTS, JR. AP Foreign Affairs Analyst Edwin \V. Paulcy's report that Russia had "long-range strategic reasons" for stripping Manchuria of Its industry seems to imply that Moscow has been contributing to the continuance of unsettled conditions in China to give the Communists there a better opportunity. It was obvious immediately after tho end of the Japanese war that, if the Red Army was not lending direct aid to the Chinese Communists, it at least was making it easy for them to arm themselves with former enemy materiel. The United States, well aware that the Chiang Kai-shek regime was not all that it should be, ncv crtheless has been striving to ar range a truce between it and the Communists with the idea that, -- u«*u i,,ot<a nnri irimitinC. a :oward compromise settlement of some of China's major woes. It was not considered unnatural that the Russians should let the Chinese Communists lill the vacuum created by the defeat of the Japanese and their own subsequent retirement. And while there was unhnppiness among the Allies that the Soviet should take as "war booty" the machinery which they were known to need, that, too, was in line with Russian policy elsewhere. So would be a China too weak to represent a threat to Russia's border and her Mongolian interests. But now Paulcy, President Truman's reparations investigator, points up the situation in a different light. "The chaos caused (in Manchuria) by the Soviets", his report says, "has produced a condition of ineinhiliiv hnl.h nolitically and ceo l'lti;SI Itll'TIONS A coat that will keep him warm and stand the rub. 5.98 to 8,98 BILL FOLDS Tooled leather in Western designs or plain. 1.98 to 6.98 EAR MUFFS All Bright Colors. 59c Give Him an OVERCOAT Curlee 100% Al! Wool. 22.50 <*^^> x vi£ r? n 32.50 TIE RACKS-PANT RACKS Long Handle Clothes Brushes. 98c to 1.50 SHAVING SETS The ideal gift. In a nice Christmas box. 98c BOYS SUITS LUGGAGE The most suitable gift for the traveling man — for those on your list who travel for the sheer joy of it a piece of our fine lug gage. Give an individual piece or start a set. 6.98 to 24.00 Double or single breasted. In all new checks, stripes or solid colors. Make the boy Happy, buy him a suit. 14.85 to 22.50 Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Wathburn' Have to Get Tough If Sacngcr Is to Be Rebuilt M. S. McCortl, secrelnry-liTiisur- er ot Mil ICQ 'Inoiiires, wliom 1 have known over since nc find M. A. Liigntman were running me old /vikaiiiias Amusement ji/nlurpri- sud liom oiuccs in ti,i uorauo mid (Jamcieii IJIICK in lU^,), tells me it is going to take local action n the bumeu .Sacngcr lueutcr is ever re- buill. Mr. McCorcl obtained for Hicnarcis - bignlmnn ineaues cor- poiation, owner ol' tne minding, n wartime permit to reotiilci it. Uu- tler tnat pui mil Ho was aoiu to order materials but unable to ob- Uun delivery on sucn critical Hems us sliueluml sleei. bo construction couul nol be started. iviorc man Iwo years later the steel ordered under inc wartime permit lias arrived—bul now me government will nol gram a peace Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair and colder this afternoon and tonight; lowest temperature tonight 20-24 in north, 2428 in south portions; continued cold Wednesday. 48TH YEAR: VOL. 48—NO. 55 Star of Hope, 1899; Prcs« 1927 Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1946 INEA)—Moans Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. {AP)—Means Associated Press PRICE 5c COPY Services Abroad Merge But Home Unity Unsettled By ELTON C. FAY Washington. Doc. 17 — f/l')--The army mid navy agreed today on unified command for armed forces abroad but left unsctllccl the wrangle over merger al home. The joint chiefs of staff, with the bitter experience of Peurl Harbor's dual command in mind, climaxed a long series of negotiations by announcing a plan under which overseas forces will be under the operational command of a single time construction pcmm. Altnougn m . an ,~ a '' n ! y '. na £K or , air as vho the critical material Is actually 011 situation dictates The plan was ap- inc sue me government nas uvice I 31 ' ovocl b y President irumaii. Budget- Group to Give Hospital Additional Funds Little Rock, Dec. 17 —(/I')— The Stale hospital would receive $<!,500,000 of stale welfare money during the next two years under a recommendation adopted by the legislature's pro-session budget committee. The sum would bo divided <'(|tial- ly between construction and < ieru- tional expenses. A subcommilce hac proposed use of welfare funds for "liospilal- i/alion ol the indigent sick at the hospital. The committee yesterday re- ccived M $10,170,460 biennial budget request from the University of Arkansas. No immediate action was government rcluscd a construction permit. From the viewpoint ot Hope cili /.ens accuslomed to ample locator accomoclalions aim now 1'rcqucnl- „ ly denied admittance because of J two small, crowded houses, this is a whimsical and unreasonable ac- lion by Ihc government. It inconveniences the people of Hope and damages the city in its retail trading area. People do nol come to town at nignt when il is probable thai they won't be able to obtain theater seas. The Star nas prepared a petition in the Sacngcr tncalcr matter and is asking the business people of Hope to sign il—alter wnicn copies will be forwarded to the proper \ government agency and to our son-' atory and congressman. Only Ihrougn such action arc we likely lo gel Ihe Sucngcr rebuilt— construction being completely blocked al this time. -K -K -c By JAMES THRASHER Improper and Outrageous The fine assessed Against the U- nitcd Mine Workers is "cruel and inhuman, improper and rageous," said Joseph Padway, one of John L. Lewis' dllornoys, wncn the $3,500,000 penalty was proposed. ••i "Shame on a government,' cried ''•• Welly Hopkins, .another Lewis lawyer, "shame on n government representative that would seek io perpetrate such a punishment. Lot it be known thai Ihis fine is punitive." vvnen the breast beating was over. Mr. Lewis, in a typical burst of Major Hoople pomposity, arose and said, "Mr. Hopkins, may I shake your hand? l associate myself with every word you had to Well, let us see what shape the i I rest of the country was in at the moment when the defonau counsels' hearts were bleeding so copiously for the miners. More than half a million persons were out of work, with an additional million or more due to be laid off within a few days if the strike continued. Railroads were completing plans for a shipping embargo which quickly would shut down vhc nation's major industries. The last lump of coal had been sold in .Denver. In Hamilton, O., the Stale The establishment of seven overseas commands among other things whittled away some ol the domain of Gen. Douglas MacArthur and put under navy some areas of Hie Pacific he had controlled. II also reestablished some pre-war commands and created a new northeast command, its details as yet undisclosed. Concurrently with the announcc- mtnl of the single command plan for overseas organizations came a congressional committee recommendation in another field of combined operation. The House Military Committee proposed that permanent legal status be given to Ihc National In- lelligcnce Authority cstablisncd by President Truman iasl January. Thai agency was created \o weave together the intelligence operations of various government agencies including the army's G-2 sec- lion, the navy's Office of Naval Intelligence and units of the Stale Department which includes vestiges of the wartime Office of Strategic Services. Members of the authority, the committee said, should bo the secretaries of Ihc State, War and Navy Departments or deputies chosen by them for intelligence activilies. The three secretaries, along with a member appointed by vhe president, were named in the authority as created a year ago. As a permanent set-up, ihe committee said the agency should gel ils money direclly from Congress and should have complelc control of ils personnel rather than receive its employes from the three departmcnls. The joinl chiefs of staff plan was variously interprelcd by those in Bail Held Up After Threat on i Gambler's Life New York, Dec. 17— (IP}— A decision on fixing of bail for Alvin J. Paris, charged wilh attempted bribery of Iwo New York Giants football uUiycrs, was \yilhhcld today after assistant district attorney George P. Monaglian reported a telephone threat against Paris' life. Monaghan told General Session Judge Francis J. Valonlc that "a member of the Police Department received a telephone call this morning saying that an attempt might very well be made on the life of this defendant." In asking that Paris be held without bail pending trial, Monaghan declared that "the people he (Paris) associated with and his backers, I feel, will do everything in their power lo prevent him from appearing for trial, even going to the gravest of extremes.'" Paris' counsel, Caesar B. F. Barra, prolesled Monaghan's plea and said lhal "a 13-inc hgun" would be required to get the defendant out of town. Judge Valenlc postponed decision until later loday when Monaghan promised he would produce testimony thai "allempls would be made to remove this defendant." Assistant District Attorney George Monghan said the alleged "fix," which resulted yesterday in a grand jury indictment of Alvin J. Paris, 28-year-old novcly concern officer, was launched by a "very large bookmaking outfit outside the state of New York." Paris was indicted on charges of rrn Pmsirinni Phiii., TVI,,,.,..,„ attempting to bribe Merle Hapes hn 0 ^"^" 1 ,,L hl l'P^^",',^.'. a»d Frank Filchock, backfield The university, which had an appropriation ot $2,151,633 this year, asked .$2,785,230 for 1947-48 and $7,385,230 for 1948-49. Of the 1948-49 total, $4,600,000 is sought for construction of Iwo dormitories, a classroom, a cafeteria, a hospital and other buildings and equipment. CIO Leaders Meet to Map Out Policy Pittsburgh, Dec. 17 — </!')•—Two top CIO unions —representing 350,000 Uniled Stcelworkers and (iOO,- 000 Uniled Electrical Radio and Machine Workers — go into policymaking commillee meetings loday wilh their 1947 wage demands still undisclosed. The United Auto Workers, third member of the CIO's "big Ihrcc," has announced il will seek a 23 1-2 ccnl hourly increase for ils 900,000 members. who also heads the stcelworker^ J union, said yeslerday il wax up lo Ihe individual unions lo decide what the Gianls. He was spe- : i;_i » i . . _ cifically indicted on two counts charging violation of a penal code ed bribes 01; other measures to "in- the eleclrical union, and Walter P. Rculhor, head of Ihc aulo workers. Reuthcr and Iwo of his aides lefl Hapcs was declared ineligible jusl before the game by league President Bert Bell bul Filchock, passing ace of the Giants, was per-. — k , *..*.• •-•••vtbtrvsvsi.iiiaciiuuniui.i.1 ... ». . . - _ , — t immediately ;ifter Ihe conference I mlUed l ° P'ay and threw the for New York whore the auto work-1 uasscs resulting in the Giants' only ers board will resume its mectinns I scores against the Bears, who won today. M -'* Murray called for a "peaceful setllement" of the demands but Negroes Seek to Enter College at Lousiana University Baton Rouge, La., Dec. 17 — (If}— Louisiana State University has until January 20 to file written briefs in support of its contention that Iwo Negroes have no legal grounds Lo seek a writ of mandamus ordering the university to admit them as students. The Negroes are Charles J. Hatfield of New Orleans, who seeks admission lo the university's school of law. and Ciola M. Johnson of New Iberia, is asking admittance to the LSU medical school al New Orleans. In oral arguments before Judge Caldwell G. Hergct yesterday counsel for the school argued that plans to establish law and medical schools at Southern University in Baton Rouge will provide adequate graduate training for Negroes. The university also contended lhat the slate had provided $50,000 a year for the biennium to give out-of-state graduate training lo Negroes. The two plainliffs contend that refusal of the university to admit them violales the 14th amendment guaranteeing equal protection under the law. tP/.eslorl in the .service,, unification cr )PpUne*slrikes. added, "it is strictly up to the industrialists to rise to the economic conditions to save the nation from argument. Maj. Gen. William H. Arnold, deputy chief of staff i'or operations and planning in the army, replied lo reporters' questions with a "f am looking forward with'the hope and belief that industry will rise to .its responsibilities and meet tho needs of the nation by providing necessary upward wage adjust- slalomcnl lhal "this is the closcsl I mc ,nts. which we believe will pro '' approximation you could got without having unification" of the two departments. The army has urged such a merger, the navy has opposed it. In navy quarters, the JCS agree- , vide for prosperous times ahead,' the white haired union leader de- •clarcd. Guard was gelling ready to patrol " 1ellt was , not viewed as promoting blacked - out streets. the army's case. Millions more would be out of I . ' h ? so fm a position to know ihe work" if the strike continued Mil- trend of navy thought said thai as lions more would shiver in unbeaten houses as the nation's coal piles one by one, dwindled lo exhaustion, health would increase, and with H, Serious danger to the national heallh would increase, and with it, serious danger to the national economy. Only an incurable optimist or a complete fool could deny that, given a few weeks ot this, John L. Lewis would be the overlord of a helpless country. He and his 400,000 miners would be able to cause United Stales such as three mighty iin economic paralysis in the United Stales such as ihreu mighty armies were nol able to cause in Germany until the very days ol the war. closing For this Judge T, Alan Goklsbor- ough fined the United Mine Workers $3,500,000--$250,000 a day lor the tirsl 14 days of the strike. A punitive fine? Of course it's a punitive fine, but a nominal one. For there is not enough money in the United Mine Workers' treasury to begin to compensate the country for the damage resultig from the union president's defiance. There is not enough money in its treasury to repair the damage dona by the. union president to this country's prestige before the world. A minor outcome of Ihe potential disaster, facing the country is that the UMW members would find out at last thai Ihey musl share Ihn common lot. Their passive support of their pcsident's arrogance has demonstrated that they consider Ihemselves a group apart, a group whose efforts for more money and shorter hours must transcend every other consideration of public welfare. But Mr. Lewis will probably order Ihem back to work before Ihey are impressed by Ihe incredible, •criminal stupidity of their leader and themselves in thinking that they can secure better conditions for themselves by bringing the whole country in a slate of col- ! lapse. a mailer of facl Ihe new arrangement was largely the result of navy effort. They noted that the navy from the outset of the merger squabble had emphasized ihe desirability of a unified, single command for operating forces outside the country even while contending thai such war-proven procedure was not necessary at liome. The navy argument on this score is that ample facilities exist for coordination between tho two departments in this country. The joinl army-navy amiounce- Shortage of Wigs Cramps Court Style in Australia AP Newsfeatures 24-14. Bell offered Ihis explanalion of why Filchock was permilled lo play: During a conference Salurday wilh league officials, owners of Ihe New York Gianls and the play ers involved at Gracie mansion, home of Mayor William O'Dwyer, the mayor "took Filchock to another room and questioned him." "He returned after a while and announced lo us and lo .... Ihe deleclives: 'Ihis boy has a clean bill of health and is completely all right. I think he should play tomorrow.' " "I don'l know anylhing more than that. The mayor said he should play, BO he played." • Hapes had been suspended Sun- jday, Bell said, because he had not I reported Ihc bribe attempt to officials. J^^T^^^'T^?",,^!^!. The'grand jury Indictment said .. b called lo the bar in Australia find they cannot practice law— because they cannot obtain wigs. ( No wigs have been imported since A leading barristers' supplier said: '"Barristers' wigs are made by hand of horsehair. A London firm has a virtual monopoly." Local wigmakcrs have never Iried their hand at lawyers' wigs. A wig in an Australian court is absolutely essential. If a barrister appeared without one, the .stern maul Iasl ni.ghl said each com- Judge would deplaim: "Mr.— I can- mander will be responsible for unified planning for defense and, in case of cmergecy, for the conduct of operations. The unified command system in the field was used universally during. the war, bul survived V-E nnd V-J day in only a Tew areas. These include the zones under control of MacArthur in the Pacific and Gen. Joseph T. McNarney, chief of occupation forces in Europe. Under the new system the seven commands will be: Far Easl, MacArthur; European, McNarney; Pacilic, Adm. John H. Towers; Alaskan, Maj. commander to be named; Atlantic Gen. H. A. Craig, northeast, commander to be named; Atlantic ileet, Adm. Marc A. Milscher; Caribbean, LI. Gen. Willis D. Cril- tenberger. . not see you." 'Any statements the barrister made would be ignored, and the court would proceed as though he wore not there. Ihc bribes were offered Filchock on Dec. 11, and Hapcs on Dec. 8, Ihc day Ihe Gianls were defeating the Washington Redskins to clinch the eastern half of the league championship .and the right to meet the Bears. There are no police charges against the players, who police said rejected the bribe offers Both teslified before Ihe grand jury. Boston was regarded by the British as the most important objective in the American revolution. Labor Experts to Enter Major Disputes By RAYMOND LAHR Washington, Dec. 17 — (UP) — The Labor Dcpartmcnl soon will establish a blue ribbon panel of labor relations "experts ior assignments to major industrial disputes, it was disclosed today. An official of Ihc department said the project would be discussed at loday's session of Ihe labor- management committee which advises the conciliation service. The committee will be asked to nominate members of the panel. New Labor Departmenl efforts to promote neaceable settlement of disputes coincided with a stalemenl from AFL Presidenl William Green lhal Congress soon would be considering "highly objeclionablc anti- labor legislalion." Green's warning came in a leller urging AFL affiliales lo pul their protests ;against such legislation before members of Congress. Recent moves of the Labor De- partmenl — aimed al improving labor relalions machinery — also appeared to be an attempt to head loff legislation. The prevailing view among government labor officials was inat legislalion would be ineffective in .preventing mo'st strikes. The Labor-Management Advi sory Committee i'or -the concilialion service said Sunday nighl that compulsory arbitration or "super- machinery" would not contribule lo labor peace. It argued that disputes should be setlled through collective bargaining with the gov eminent performing only a media tion role. Endorsing several special mediation techniques, the committee urged the cslablishmenl of a pa el of men "nationally known for their work in labor relalions." II was revealed today that the Labor Department was prepared lo carrj out lhat recommendation after further consultation with the committee. Among probable nominees foi the panel are William H. Davis former chairman of the War Laboi Board, and Nathan P. Feinsinger, former public member of the Wai Labor Board. Both have been en listed for special mediation jobb , this year by Secretary of Laboi j Lewis B. Schwellenbach. Davis was assigned to the electrical manufac luring industry dispute and Fein singer to the west coast maritime disputes and to the Hawaiiai sugar strike. Something Is Lacking During Christmas Season If You Don't Have Children Shopping Days To Christmas By HAU BOYLE New York, Dec. 17 — r I would make him take up a rnu \ \- , , ..*,.» tuni; uu a rh,- , • :• ,, '•••. J he nobby, save a dime out of everv Christmas season is the time of I dollar he earned learn to Ivoewritp vear when nH maiHu r,-,iHr!ia_.jno,j ....j ,,,', ca ""-«> "-cuii ip lypewilte and play one musical instrument, year when old maids, middle-aged botlle-fed bachelors and childless and learn to speak one foreign thfbes . r ing an elbow out of joint patting ,f t !<) steal ng and ( myself on the back over how good dls i e spect to his elders. Left Wing Japs Stage Demonstration By RUSSELL BRINES Tokyo. Dec. 17—i./Hi—Lefl wing ov ganizers staged vheir Jargesl demonstration in occupied Japan lo- day—a daylong procession estimated by the provost marshal 350,000 to 400,000 shabbily dressed men, women and boys. It obviously was intended more to impress General MacArthur wilh their influence than to accomplish its ostensible purpose, to force Premier Yoshida to resign. As anticirjaled, the government majority in the House of Repre- . .._ o . sentalives defealed, 236 to 160, an j to leach him nol to be afraid of • 1 the dark. If he turned out like his | old man he would be living in the troublesome source of friction that has existed between uit aejvii;ti .... the Pacific area i'or months. In effect, the new command arrangement for ihe Middle Pacific largely reestablishes and redefines the aulhoritv which the command, ,. , - ..,—.. ...... vu i.a»c iui u i woumi er * n chie f. Pacific fleet, held there pTvn hpnn nn - , r ' make "im learn first aid and howU )rior to 1945. U gives tne navy op- R i vn hpnn nno ,-,r ,_ ... . . eralional command of the army in Hawaii, and limits General MacArthur's command over the army in the central Pacific. Several weeks ago a high navy Merger Clears Situation in Hawaii Honolulu, Dec. 17 — (/P) — Presi dent Truman's announcement of c revised army and navy comman setun served lodav H"i-i(y Turk Army Halts 8 Istanbul Publications, Outlaws Two New Political Parties By EDWIN B, GREENWALD Istanbul, Dec. 17 — (/P) — The 'urkish Army padlocked eight pub- [cations in Istanbul today, pro- libited Ihe printing and distribu- ion of organs of a "communistic" lalurc and outlawed branches of wo new political parties it de- cribed as "directed in a camou- laged'manner by Communists and people having extremist Commu- tist tendencies." One usually reliable source described Ihe actions as a "small purge" and said Ihey might be considered a warning that the Turkish goverment was ready to- re- °isl any "subversive movements." Observers in Istanbul were struck iy the strong wording of the army commuiquc announcing the swift steps an dwere quick lo note that hey coincided with a rise of anti- Communist sentimenl in Iran, just ,o the east of Turkey, and olher events regarded here as possible larbingers of a changing attitude oward Soviet Russia. Unconfirmed reports said persons of alleged radical tendencies lad been arrested and numerous documents seized as secret police and the military descended on sus- jecled establishments. The steps were taken by the commandant of the state of siege — which embraces the Istanbul area and extends north and west through Thrace to the Bulgarian and Greek frontiers. They came just four days after Premier Recep Peker telegraphed restless Istanbul University students to be "calm" and not start any demonstrations which he said would make happy only those "who want to disrupt order in our country." The military, under the state of siege, has full authority to seal any publication it considers harmful to the security or tranquility of the public. The state of siege, already in force here for three years, recently was renewed for another six months. The two new political parties, branches of which were outlawed in the stale of siege zone, were the Workers and Peasants Socialist party and the Turkish Socialist .party. Suspended indefinitely by the army were the political magazines Sendika, Ses, Gun, Yigin, Dost and the Amercian newspaper Npraor, all of which were' accused in .the communique of "propagating opinions" of groups affiliated with the two outlawed political party branches. Informed sources said a military court already had begun an investigation and would examine all seized documents. The importance the government. apparently placed on the army's action was reflected by the fact the communique was broadcast by the official radio in Ankara. Baruch Asks UN Group to Adopt U. S. Atom Plan By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER Lake Success, N. Y., Dec. 17 —(/P> —The United States and Great Britain formally called upon vhe United Nations atomic energy com: mission today to approve the Shooting Stars Scheduled to Flash Tonight While Sands, N. M., Dec. 17(/P)— Unless scientists' calculations go awry, synthetic "shooting stars" will flash across southwestern skies tonight in a scenic display visible over a wide area. The man-made meteorilies — created by propelling dime-sized bits of iron through the atmosphere at speeds topping six miles a second—will be discharged in the first night-time launching of a German V-2 'rocket in this country. With research men standing by, army ordnance experts are to send the rockel aloft at 12 midnight, EST, at the White Sands proving ground. . Allowing for curvature of the earth, it is estimated Ihe • fiery spcclacle may be witnessed over a 300-mile radius, and at even greater distances through high-powered observatory telescopes. Half a dozen streams of metal pellets will be shot from the rocket, starting approximately 22 -miles above the earth and continuing up to the 40-mile level. They will be launched from regular rifle grc-. nades, thrust into space by a bazooka mechanism and set off by newly devised shaped explosives. The experiment seeks information for more accurale computation of the size of real meteors. It is based on ideas advanced' by Dr. Fred Wicky of the California Institute of Technology looking tc the similar manufacture of satel lites of the earth and, perhaps, tc development of means for trave! to other planets. Confirmation also is sought foi recently obtained cosmic ray dala said by army rocket men to sharp ly contradict earlier knowledge on the subject. Mississippi Act Full of Loopholes to usc a saw hammer. thbes bbysmesinthebus i mer. ess The young ciunle'" best nil- Z , ^ ould » ever V^ish him by that's me. ^Whil! the? trot off tSfhe ' ?**$& h ' ma f° * a ' on ?, in his /°° m movies I stay home and watch their L v _ v °" d JuJ-pL 4 u » n^". 1 °f hlm small fry. And I don't mind bend- f? rh ? n ^! I f r £ g J 1 ^*^ a ht !<2) steal ng and (3) showin good I am at raising olher people's saplings. 1 have yel to see the baby I can't quiet by cramming a bot- lle of warm milk in his kisser and threatening, "Shul up — or I'll sell you to Brooklyn." That Yale professor who learned aboul children by window-peeping through nurseries may not agree, but from ten years of serving as subsiitule watchdog for the neighbors' heirs and heirloom, I've come to a few conclusions on how to raise — not "rear" — the nation's potential presidents. Now if I had a son— The firsl Ihing I would do is try accompanying resolution to dis-1 the dark. If he turned out like his solve the Diet. | old man he would be MacArthur himself drove dark most of his life. through the crowds of demonstra-1 I would subject him to a full course of "Mother Goose" and the fairy lale books so lhat he could live up lo his ears as long as he could in lhal imaginative realm thai keeps children children. When he finally asked when dawning suspicion, "Jusl who is this guy Sanly Glaus, Pappy," I would send him tors at ihe heighl of Ihe parade. The marchers readily made room for his well known black sedan. The demonstration was organized openly by Communist party leaders and left wingers of' the Social Democratic parly. II included Communist party cells and numerous labor unions. .-ill idfiilifird by | to his mother. Women are sup- . flags and banners. posed lo break men's hearts. At twelve l would him camera and pay his entry fee into the Boy Scouts so he would discover the wonderland of field and forest. If he skipped the Scout meetings, I would put him on xhe corner selling newspapers so he could learn about the two-legged wild animals of the city. I wouldn't let him play high school football. (If I couldn't make the team — and I didn't — why should he show me up?) Sometime during these years I hope he would write a poem and like me well enough to show it to me. When he began to get pimples and ogle the girls, I would send him lo a public university in another stale. For four years he would be too painful for a fond father io look at. Upon graduaion I would pray that he would go on and study med"- icine, slart his own business, or become a farmer. These things are for men. But if he wanted to be a newspaperman I would give him a one-dollar bill, disown him, adopt another boy — and slarl all over again. District Scout Committee Meets Monday The Hempstead Districl Scout committee met Monday night at 6:45 in Hope city hall, with Clifford Franks in charge. E. R. Brown, Nolen Tollett, Dewey Baber, Bill Mudgett, Bill Wray, Lyman Armstrong, and J. Arvil Hickman attended the meeting. A brief review was made of Scouting in Hempstead county in 1946. Plans are under way lo make the 1947 program a rich experience for cubs, Scouts and senior Scouts. Bill Wray reported that the new cub pack in Hope now had a membership of 48 cubs, Elmer Brown staled that the fall round-up in Hempstead county was bringing in five new Scout troops and two cub scout packs. Nolan Tollett discussed camping and activities. Field Executive Arvil Hickman announced that the Caddo Council annual meeting would be held at Grim Hotel, Texarkana on Janu- office, here expresTed his ooinion ary 14 ' Commissioner Armstrong in «n infp,viPw P \h a <. »,!"^S". expressed his desire to have 100 in an interview that an "intoler able" situation ex sled in the, P." < P ercent of the Scout maste ™ doie Miuauon exibiea in tne £a- O t nei . Scoutprs attpnd that pr^ cific command. The navy '.ell that it had responsibility in the central Pacific without authorily to carry oul ils mission. "The commander in duel, Pacific Heel, is charged wilh ihe defense of Hawai and the centra] Pacific," this officer said, "though he has no operational control over either the army ground forces or air forces." A presidential direclive in 1942 gave General MacArthur command of fleet and army forces in the southwest Pacific, and Admiral Nimitz top command in the cen- Iral Pacific. In 1945 a new direc- live placed all army forces in the Pacific under MacArlhur's command. Naval units in the Pacific except Seventh Fleet, was plated under Nimitz' command. The navy contended that'vhis 1945 direclive was merely to facilitate the invasion of Japan, and not intended as a permanent arrange- rnpnl. The army pointed out lhal Ihe 1945 direclive superseded vhe 1942 order, and that operational command did not revert to ihe navy after Japan's surrender. olher Scouters attend that grand get-togelher. Clifford Franks was re-elected District Chairman; Lyman Armstrong, vice chairman; anS Earl Cliflon, dislricl commissioner. Britain Promised More U. S. Flour to Avert Shortage London, Dec. 17 —(UP) — Food Minister John Strachey lold commons today thai 36,000 tons of American flour had been made available for purchase by Great Britain, in addition to a previous allocalion of 68,000 Ions of wheat and 16,000 tons of olher grains. The United States .also promised to give railroad priority for the movement of additional quantilies of Canadian wheal, Slrachey told the House. "If there are no further delays in transport, these quantilies, lo- pclher wilh our existing supplies, should just suffice to avert a very grave emergency which we foresaw for the end of January," Strachey said. By JOHN L. CUTTER Washington, Dec. 17 — (UP)Forrest Jackson, attorney for Sen. I Theodore G. Bilbo, p., Miss., testified that the Mississippi corrupt practices act is worthless as a limit oh campaign expenditures. Sen. Homer Ferguson, R., Mich., charged that if Jackson's interpre- lalion of the law is correcl, the law is "a fraud on the people of Mississippi." Jackson testified before a Senate commillee investigating charges that Bilbo accepted gifts from war conlraclors whom he nelped get government jobs. The committee .questioned Jackson 'about $25,000: which F; T. Newton, a; contractor, 'testified ,he gave an informal committee headed by Bilbo and Jackson for the reelection campaign of former Sen. Wall Doxey, D., Miss. ' ."How do you get around tfie corrupt practices act of Mississippi by collecting more than can legally be spent for.any one campaign?" Ferguson asked. Jackson said that under, the act any single committee can. spend up to $64,000 in any one campaign. He said there is- no limit on .the j •number of committees that can be organized. Nor do any groups except the official campaign committee have to file returns on receipts and expenditures, he added. "Then what good is the act?" Ferguson asked. "I don't think it is any good," lackson replied. "It's like the .-latch act." Jackson said that $11,000 of the noney for the Doxey campaign was .timed over to Cecil Travis, a fackson, Miss., attorney, as part )f an arrangement to swing behind Doxey the polilical organization of former Rep. Ross Collins. Jackson said he understood that J7.500 was to defray expenses Travis incurred while operating ,'ield forces for Collins in the first Mississippi Democratic primary in 942. The remaining $3,500, Jack•on said he understood, was for .-xpenses of the field forces work- ng for Doxey in' the run-off pri- nary. Collins had testified that he had 10 part in the arrangement and :hat he had no deficit after the !irst primary in which he was elim- nated from the Senate race. Travis had testified that the en- ire $11,000 was spent for the Doxey campaign in the run-off. Commillee Counsel George Meader suggesled to Jackson that f Travis told Bilbo's lawyer he .iad a $7,500 deficit and told the committee later that the entire amount was spent on the Doxey .•ampaign. he had made "a false "satement." "I think so, yes sir," Jackson replied. Another witness scheduled to appear before the commitlee was tne pastor of a Baptist church promoted by Bilbo as a family memorial. The witness was the Rev. D. Wade Smith of the Juniper Grove Baptisl church at Poplarville, Miss. Bilbo solicited funds for the project, which includes an unused four-bath parsonage, with assurances that it would be "bread cast upon the waters.' ' Seven witnesses, all contractors on army air base work in Mississippi, told the Senate War Investigating subcommittee vhat they conlributed at least $7,605. One of them said the church and parsonage couldn't be duplicated for less than $100,000. The committee heard teslimony that there are weekly services in Ihe church but ihe parsonage is unoccupied because it isn'l finished. James . Elhridge, former manager of Bilbo's adjoining farm, said Ihe parsonage still needs electrical work and plumbing. But Robert , Ladner, a hardware dealer, teslified that he sold Bilbo four bath tubs to go into the parsonage. He was one of the few witnesses during the first four days of testimony who didn't claim that Bilbo owed him some money for a loan or services rendered. Most of the contractors said they conlributed to the parsonage Continued on Page Two United States plan for narnessirtg the atom zor peace. Bernard M. Baruch led off with a proposal tnat the commission approve now his plan for outlawing dtomic weapons and .using tne atom for peaceful purposes. Six Alexander Cadogan, British delegate, quicKiy seconaed barucn, and asKed that the American principles, be incorporated in tne report that the commission must make co the United Nations Security Council. . .: In a brief speech to the full meeting of "the ; commission, Baruch said that trie question had been debated long enough and tnat; the time for action haa corne. Baruch, the United States representative of the atomic energy commission, came to vhc meeting with the aeiermination to push ior a decision as soon as possible. The commission is considering; policy for its political committee vo lollow in draiting tne recommendations section of a report the commission must make to the United Nations securuy council by , Dec. 3i. 'Emphasizing that the United States slood arm on its plan urst put forward last June 1st, Baruch said: . ."We have no pride of aulhorship but we can not, in justice to our trust, accept changes in purpose. < We have debated long enough." He said that the debates on arms limitations in the United Nations General Assembly and vhe speeches of Vyacheslav M. Molo- lov, Soviet Russian foreign minister, and Ernest Bevin, Britain's foreign secretary had covered much of the, ground on atomic matters. '. Referring to Secretary of State. James F. Byrnes' speech to the assembly, Baruch said that Byrnes had brought the United Nations, and the public to a "refreshed un- , derstanding of the fact 'vhat ' '-| abstractions have .been debated, and it is now up to us — Ihe atom? ic commission — r to present an im-, mediate, a practical and a realistic program." Apparently referring' -l to the >vtop" ; priority given the atomic problem • by the general assembly is its resolution on arms limitation Baruch,' said: "We have accepted the duty and we must proceed promptly io its fulfillment we believe, and our work follows this belief, that tho best way of gaining our objective is to do : first things first. In the very forefront of that effort lies the control of atomic energy. T£ we are able to solve that, vast problem, the others will come easier," The American proposal, stressing international controls and inspections, was turned down flatly by Adrei A. Gromyko of Russia last summer. During the recent general assembly sessions, however, Soviet Foreign Minister, V. M. Molotov agreed to international inspections and con. trols, which W9uld operate outside the controversial veto but within the framework of the security council. It remained to be seen whether, in the light of the development, Gromyko now would accept the Baruch plan, seek to amend it, or again insist on his own proposal. Gromyko's original resolution, also put before the commission last summer, would ban atomic weapons and leave control and punishment to the individual nations. Baruch, convinced of the "imperative necessity for speed," has prodded the commission continually and now points to the fact that the body must report to the parent security councij by Dec. 31. • Baruch's resolution calls for a strong international system of control of atomic energy established and defined by a treaty. This treaty (convention) would set up an international authority with full powers of inspection and control'of the treaty regulations. The atomic, bomb would be outlawed and the United States would reveal its secrets step by step with the setting up of effecive safeguards. There are a series of sharp differences beween the United States and Russian plans, but observers generally agreed that the interna* tional inspection barrier apparently removed by Molotov was the biggest one. The other U. N. body currently active — the security council — yesterday heard representatives of Bulgaria, Albania and Yugoslavia join in a demand that the council investigate conditions inside Greece. After hearing all the charges and counter-charges, the council recessed until Wednesday morning, when it will begin general debate. DELAYED CAMPAIGN Ketchikan, Alaska, Dec. 17 —(If) —Ross E. Kimball, running for territorial labor commissioner as an independent, mailed out his campaign literature last September 13 at Fairbanks. He finished a poor third, however, in the October 8 general election, receiving a light vole in southeastern Alaska. Today he found a possible reason for the light balloting. The relief ship Grommet Reefer arrived in Ihis southeastern town from, western and interior Alaska bringing mail long delayed because of :* maritime slrike. II included Kimball's campaign literature mailed last September. Almost half of the 650.000 fires in the United States each year occur in private dwellings.

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