The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 22, 1954 · Page 1
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May 22, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, May 22, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 52 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MAY 22, 1954 EIGHT PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE GENTS Ike-McCarthy Tiff Expected To Continue Stassen Attacks Senator As 'Headline Hunter' By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — The Eisenhower administration seemed headed today for continued conflict with Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) despite cautions from some Republican quarters against broadening the senator's dispute with top Army officials. %.#){. .Foreign Aid Administrator Har- n Wont Attack Ike, Says McCarthy STURGEON BAY, Wis. (AP) — Sen. McCarthy says he will not criticize President Eisenhower for what the senator termed "pulling down the Iron Curtain" over administration discussions affecting his row with the Army. "I will not attack Ike," Wisconsin's Republican junior senator said in reference to his scheduled major address at Fort Atkinson tonight. McCarthy was interviewed here. He said that if the Senate hear- 'ings into his dispute with the Army continue he would like to have five newsmen subpoenaed. He identified these as Homer Bigart, New York Herald-Tribune; columnist Joseph Alsop; Phil Potter of Jhe Baltimore Sun, and Murrey Marder and Al Friendly of the Washington Post. McCarthy said testimony has disclosed that Army Counsel John Adams had discussed with these men Army announcements released in connection with the current controversy. To Review Dispute McCarthy said he would review the whole course of his dispute with the Army in the address before a Chamber of Commerce dinner and that he would announce then whether his side will go on with the hearings despite the President's executive order forbidding additional testimony on intra-administration decisions. He indicated he will take the stand but that the appearance of his assistants — Roy Conn and Francis Carr—will be up to them in view of what the senator has called the Army's "stacked deck." At Chicago yesterday, McCarthy said the Republican party is "committing slow and painful suicide before the television cameras" in the hearings. McCarthy said here that the demand by Sen. Symington (D-Mo) that the transcript of conversations relating to the case and monitored by the Army be made public marked a change from rules the Democrats on the Senate Investigations subcommittee had agreed to before the hearings started. See MCCARTHY on Page 8 old E. Stassen loosed a fresh attack on McCarthy yesterday with an assertion that '"we need less headline hunters and more Eisenhower backers for the good of America." With what some lawmakers surmised was White House assent, Stassen asserted McCarthy had made a "legion of false statements" in a Senate speech Wednesday in which the Wisconsin senator said it was "criminal folly" to continue to give financial aid to allies who ship goods to Red China. Stassen wouldn't say if the issue was discussed in his meeting with President Eisenhower yesterday. Strong: Terms Stassen used strong terms at a news conference in spite of what an influential Republican senator said was his advice to the White House: :Let McCarthy's row with Secretary of the Army Stevens run its course without unnecessarily fanning further the flame of party disunity. The GOP senator, regarded as one of Eisenhower's staunchest supporters, declined use of his name but told an interviewer of his counsel to White House officials. "I just reminded'them," he said, "that McCarthy is going to be a senator for four and a half years more and there will be a lot of occasions around here when we may need Republican votes." No "Aye" Vote Stassen, whose agency faces rough going in Congress on Its 3 J /2 billion dollar new foreign aid request, made clear yesterday he does not expect to find McCarthy among those voting "aye." McCarthy and Eisenhower are at odds over a presidential order cutting off testimony about a high- level administration conference at which the Army's dealings with McCarthy and his aides were discussed. Eisenhower issued his ban on grounds the Constitution requires separation of the executive and legislative branches of government, and he said the order was aimed at keeping the televised Senate investigation of the dispute "on its rails," not at hindering it. Stevens then said charges against McCarthy came from the Army and not higher up. "Peculiar" McCarthy, who has voiced the opinion that Eisenhower was acting without full knowledge of the See McCARTHY-AEMT on Page 8 MONDAY WILL BE THE DAY — Members of the Senate Investigations subcommittee pose after a closed door meeting on details for continuing the McCarthy-Army dispute hearings. Acting Chairman Karl Mundt (R-SD), third from left, an- nounced earlier that the hearings will resume Monday; left to right. Senators Henry Dworshak (R-Idaho); Henry M. Jackson (D-Wn.sh>; Mundt; Charles E. Potter <R-Mich); Everett Dirksen (R- Hl); Stuart Symington (D-Mo). (AP Wircphoto) Ik es Democrats Bid to Alter Voting Age WASHINGTON (AP) — to lower the voting age from this session of Congress today senators. Social Security Bill Is Readied Mrs. J.W. Stallings Dies; Services To Be Tomorrow Mrs. Etta Stallings, wife of J. W. Stallings of Yarbro, died last night in Blytheville Hospital after an illness of two days. She was 76. Services will be conducted at 3 pm tomorrow at Yarbro Methodist Church by the Rev. T. J. Richardson, assisted by the Rev. Harold Ray. Burial will be in Elmwood Cemetery with Cobb Funeral Home in charge. Born in Gleason. Tenn., Mrs. Stallings had resided at Yarbro for 34 years. She also is survived by two sons, Wesley Stallings and Clay Stallings; two daughters, Mrs. J. A. Haynes and Mrs. Richard Haynes: and a brother, H. H. Burnett, all of Blytheville. Pallbearers wil be her grandsons, Charles Haynes, J. A. Haynes. Jr., John Haynes, Douglas Stallings, Billy Stallings and Roy Stallings. Radio Firm Here Changes Name The name of Blytheville Radio Supply ha§ been changed to Teague Radio and TV Supply, it was announced yesterday by Glenn Teague, owner. The wholesale firm, located on South Highway 61, ha* been inbus Baccalaureate Services Here To Be Sunday Blytheville High School senior class baccalaureate services will be held in the high school auditorium tomorrow at 6:30 p.m. The Rev. E. C. Brown, pastor of the First Baptist Church, will deliver the sermon while Dr. Roy I. Bagley, pastor of the First Methodist Church will give the invocation. The program will open with the playing of "Ave Maria" by Emily Damon followed by "Pomp Circumstance" for the class processional. After the invocation, the High School Choir will sing "Be Thou Near Me, Lord" and "Rejoice, My Soul." The Rev. James Rainwater, pastor of the First Christian Church, will give the benediction. At the close of the service the seniors will leave the auditorium with the playing of "Grand March from Tannehauser" for the recessional. Ike's Larger Plan Slated for Committee Approval Next Week By CHARL5S F. BARR5TT . .. WASHINGTON (#)—President Eisenhower's program rofa bigger and more liberal social security system, was almost ready today for House consideration. Members 'of the House Ways and Means Committee predicted their group would approve the legislation next week after a couple of finishing touches. The committee has been taking up the Eisenhower program on an item-by-item basis. Late yesterday, the committee approved all of the President's requests for higher benefits, and in a few cases added some of its own. Raise Maximum It also approved—over the opposition of most committee Republicans—the President's plan to raise from $3,600 to $4,200 the maximum annual income on which benefits are based and taxes are levied/ That left only two substantial items still to be acted upon, a proposal to extend coverage to farm laborers, and a plan to give disabled workers full benefits. The committee already had accepted Eisenhower's request to extend social security coverage to doctors, lawyers and other professionals, to farm operators, ministers, state and local government employes and various smaller groups. To Blanket II. S. If the bill becomes law, the system, now covering some 70 million workers and paying benefits to 6 million persons, would blanket almost the entire working force of the nation. The social security system provides monthly payments to workers and their families on retirement or to their survivors. Both workers and their employers pay special taxes into a trust fund from which benefits are paid. Although some parts of the program are controversial, little opposition to the over-all bill is expected in the House. The new benefit structure would boost the minimum monthly payment for a single retired worker from $25 to $30, and the maximum from $85 to $98.50. The minimum for a retired worker and his wife —if she is 65 or over—would rise from $37.50 to $45; the maximum from $127.50 to $147.75. Larger Increases Even bigger increases would be provided for those retiring after the new $4,200 base takes effect next year. The maximum monthly payment would be $108.50 for a single worker and $162.50 for a See SOCIAL SECURITY on Page 8 President Eisenhower's request 21 to 18 years was doomed for by a solid line of 24 Democratic * The minority party members- mostly Southerners-killed the proposed constitutional amendment in the Senate late yesterday when supporters were able to round up only 34 votes. That fell far short of the two-to-one majority required to approve the constitutional change and send it to the house for a similar test. While Eisenhower's request was also pending in the House it was believed futile for that body to even consider the amendment at this session after the senate turndown. Not a Republican opposed the amendment in yesterday's record vote although two, Hugh Butler of Nebraska and Malone of Nevada, were paired against it. Only seven of the 47 Democrats voted for it, while seven others were paired in its favor. Second Setback It was the second recent setback for au Eisenhower legislative proposal by the Senate. Democrats earlier were chiefly responsible for shelving, 50 to 42, Eisenhower's request for changes in the Taft-Hartley Labor Law. Opponents of the proposed constitutional change were led by Sen. Russell (D-Ga), who bitterly assailed it as "an implied insult" to governors and legislatures of all the 48 states. Russell's home state of Georgia now is the only one that permits 18 year olds to vote. Although the Georgia senator said he. is not opposed to an 18-year-old vote as such, he said the decision should be left up to each state individually. Chairman Langer (R-ND) of the Senate Judiciary Committee, who has often sided against Eisenhower on other matters, this time teamed with Republican Leader Knowland (Calif) and Republican Sens. Dirk- sei- (HI) and Ferguson (Mich) in speaking for the lower voting age. Both Knowland and Langer predicted Congress eventually will approve an 18-year-old minimum for voters-a-change that has been proposed in Congress for years. All states except Georgia now set the legal age. at 21. $J2,500 More Is Needed in Industry Drive The gap in Blytheville's campaign to raise a $150,000 industrial fund was closed to $12,500 today. After more cleanup action yesterday, the drive stood at $137,501. More activity in the cleanup division is expected to put the campaign over the top next week. The total in the fund to date was the result of 476 separate investments. A building for Central Metal Products Co., will be erected on Chamber of Commerce's Elm Street industrial site when the campaign is concluded. Strategic Air Chief Says Bombers Set to Strike Any Target in World WASHINGTON (#) — The boss of America's long - range bombing force says his planes and crews are set to strike at targets anywhere in the world. Gen. Curtis E. LeMay, chief of 'the Air Force's Strategic Air Command, said yesterday "the readiness of our strategic bombers to strike back on a global scale is a considerable factor ... in discouraging the spread of a limited war," Gen. LeMay told the Armed Froces Chemical Assn. that hie bombers can take off in any kind of weather, '"fly direct to within , a few hundred feet. nl:ove any dcs- I ignated point on the globe," and "bit t&rtr taw* wbto ** 9* there." The administration's military policy is based on the concept of "massive retaliatory power" as a deterrent to,Soviet aggression. LeMay said his command has been assigned the mission of "swift and certain retaliation" against an aggressor. Should all-out war come again, LeMay said the strategic bombers would have the job of striking at enemy air bases and atomic in- itallatioiu, "destroying hit striking power at its source," of systematically wrecking the foe's in' •• '•:;-.! cap. 0 "'I; 1 , rr.-l of !." ' . to hold back the advance of enemy Federal Civil Defense Chief Val Peterson dealt in a speech with the other side of the coin — the problem of home front measures against possible atomic attack. Peterson said military men have estimated 22 million Americans might be killed or wounded by an all-out Russian atomic, chemical and germ weapon assault. He said that from 40 to 100 of America's major cities could be struck at the outset of such an attack. Peterson said the American people can "dig, die or get out of their cities," if such fin attack • — --1 ,.. ,^ 5,1--i he tr,-"") f*? trial evacuauon of some city like Indi- aiupoita, tod., or Coiwnbui. Ohio. Plan to Revise Atom Law Faces I Big Problems Biggest Issue Revolves Around Private Industry By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON W) — Legislators working on President Eisenhower's blueprint for a revised atomic energy law today faced two major bones of contention: 1. How to write into law the job of the Atomic Energy Commission chairman, who is now Lewis L Strauss. 2. How far private industry should be allowed patent rights on peacetime atomic power improve ments. The Eisenhower-requested ormii bus bill, now being considered by he Senate-House Atomic Energy is designed to let private industry Into the peacetime atomic power field. It also would provide au thority for exchanging more weap ons and civilian power information with foreign allies. Reported discontent within AEC ranks was underlined last nigh with the announcement by James G. Beckerley that he intends to leave his post as the commission's director of classification "before the end of the summer." In this job. Beckerley plays a key role in selection of data which may or may not be made public. Beckerley declined to conimen on his reasons for quitting, but il was learned he considers the AEC too conservative about releasing atomic information. Objections Voiced During both closed door and public committee . hearings so far sharp objections have been voicec against a provision in the original bill naming the AEC chairman as "the principal officer" of the commission. Reps. Holifield (D-Calif) and Price (D-H1), committee members said it would point toward "one- man" rule of the commission. Staff officials then rewrote the clause to say that the "chairman, as the principal officer, shall preside at all meetings." The purpose it was then understood, was to Water down the language to avoid a fight. But Holifield has said he is strongly opposed to any wording that designates the chairman as "the principal officer." Both he and Price say they will carry the fight to the House floor, if necessary. Rep. W. Sterling Cole: (R-NY the committee chairman, today denied the phrase was reworded to bypass any controversy and indicated he was prepared to bring it to a showdown. He said in an interview that the aim is solely to apply the same language to the AEC that now exists for some other federal commissions, and he declared: : "If the phrase is going to be thrown out, it will have to be vot ed out.' ' The revised bill also provide; that the chairman "shall serve at the pleasure of the President." Cole said the purpose is to permi a change of chairman with t change of administration, but Holifield contended it is unnecessary. South Korea Agrees To National Elections But Conditions Laid Down Sure To Bring Communist Rejection By EDDY GILNORE GENEVA (AP) — South Korea finally agreed today to elections throughout the divided Korean peninsula, but laid down conditions which the Communists are sure to reject. In a speech before the 19-nation conference on Korean peace, South Korean Foreign Minister Pyun Yung-tai outlined a 14-point plan for the unification of his country and the ommunist-controlled north. . At least two of the conditions <f _——— " 2 Arkansas Towns Integrate Schools HANOI, Indochina \ft — French army radio station an nounced today nurse Genevieve d Galard Terraube "is in gooi health" at captured Dien Bien Phu The announcement said 29-year old Miss De Galard "goes on work ing ceaselessly for French wound ed to the admiration of all o them." Judging from reports br wounde flown out of the captured fortress the nurse plans to remain at Die Bien Phu until the evacuation oper etion is completed. The Frenc possibly more later. To date the tew brought out HT. ie set forth for the all-Korean elections were expected to be bit- erly opposed by the Communists. One of the.se was that any elections must be carried out under United Nations supervision and ,hat the U. N. must certify the election results. The Communists have ruled out any U. N. role in Korean peace plans. Another is that all Chinese Communist troops must be withdrawn from North Korea at least one month before the elections, but that some U. N. 'orces should remain in Korea until a unified government achieves effective control of the entire peninsula. Guarantees Asked Pyun called for an agreement that "the integrity and independence of the unified, independent and democratic Korea shall be guaranteed by the United Nations." Another provision of the South Korean plan would assure control of the unified country by the South Koreans. The plan proposed that "representation in the all-Korean legislature shall be in direct proportion to the population of the entire Korea." The population of South Korea at present is about 20 million and that of North Korea 4 million. Pyun rejected the earlier proposal of North Korean Foreign Minister Nam II calling for Communist-style elections to be carried out by an all-Korean commission on which North and South Korea would have equal representation. "A careful perusal of the Communist proposals reveals that while the Communists set a time limit to the withdrawal of foreign forces from Korea, they have carefully avoided to name a time for the elections." •This means that the Communists seek to perpetuate the division rather than to achieve the unification of the country, if unification cannot be achieved in Communist fashion. Legalize Infiltration ' "It further means that the proposed all-Korean commission will legalize the Communist infiltration and subversive activities in the free part of the country until the whole country can be taken over legally. In short, the so-called all- Korea commission will, if accepted, soon turn out to be as overpowering brainwashing team." ' In separate Indochina talks yesterday the West and the Communists reportedly agreed to points to be discussed for ending the seven-year-war in Indochina. But nothing leaked out of the four-hour, secret meeting to indicate either side had budged from its basic position or made a move that would break the prolonged deadlock. One informed Western source reported "definite progress, but no cause for cheering yet." The. next session on Indochina takes place Monday. Informants said the nine participating delegations—the Big Four, Red China, the three Associated states of Indochina and the Communist-led Vietminh—have agreed to use some sections of both the French and Communist armistice plans as a basis for discussion at their next meeting. Wide Differences These points deal with establishment of a cease-fire, withdrawal of opposing forces to separate zones, a ban on outside reinforce ments, international control of armistice agreements and international guarantees against violations. There are wide differences between East and West plans on See CONFERENCE on Page 8 * * * The Fayetlcville school board voted unanimously to admit Negroes to Fayetteville High School •his fall. The action followed the Mondny ruling by the U. S. Supreme Court against segregation in public schools. Nine Pupils Affecled Fayetteville Supt. Wayne White says the move, which will affect FAYETTEVILLE. Ark. (AP) — The Fayetteville school system joined Sheridan, Ark., yesterday in abolishing segregation in the upper grades. about nine Negro pupils, will save the district about $5,000 a year. For the past several years Negro pupils at Fayetteville have been sent out of the district to attend a public school. This year seven went to Fort Smith, Ark., and two attended a Negro school at Hot Springs. Ark. The Fayetteville school disbi»ic* has been paying tuition, room a-nd board, and bus fare for the traveling students. Fayetteville started sending its Negro pupils out of the district several years ago, when the Negro enrollment became too small to justify the operation of separate schools. White says the elementary school and the junior high school will remain segregated in the near future. He cited crowded conditions as the reason. 500 White Student* There are about 500 white students enrolled at Fayebteville School. White said the Negro pupate be given all the privileges of the white pupils — including participation Jn school athletics. At Sheridan yesterday, tho School Board voted unanimously to integrate white and Negro pupils in the seventh through 13th trrades. Like Fayetteville, Sheridan left the lower grades segregated because of crowded conditions. The Rev. P. F. Herring: Herring to Get Doctorate Baptist Colltge To Honor Osceolan OSCEOLA — The Rev. Percy F Herring, pastor of the Osceola First Baptist Church, will receive an honorary doctor of divinity degree at the annual convocation of Southern Baptist College at Walnut Ridge Monday night. Scheduled to deliver the baccalaureate sermon at the college Sunday night, the Rev. Mr. Herring has been pastor of the Osceola church for four years. The honor is given "in recognition of outstanding service to his church ana tne denomination." He was an Army Air Force chaplain during World War II and served as a wing chaplain towards the end of his military service. He is a graduate of Mississippi College at Clinton and New Orleans Seminary. Weather Delays Driving Contest The Teen-Age Road-E-O scheduled to be sponsored today by the Junior Chamber of Commerce was called off this morning on account of rain. Jaycee Road-E-O officials said the driving contest has been rescheduled for 4 p.m. Monday. It will be held in the same location —on Railroad Street between Walnut and Chickasawba. French Planes Pound Vietminh As One Defense Outpost Falls HANOI, Indochina C/P) — French fighters and bombers today heavily pounded Vietminh bases in the vital Red River Delta after the fall of one defense post. Other squadrons hammered at rebels shifting eastward from the crushed fortress of Dien Bien Phu. Warplanes from land and carrier bases ripped at the Communist-led Vfetminh's main highway communication leading to the Red River Delta and Hanoi while fighters blasted at big Molotov truck convoys. A French High Command spokesman said he would not estimate how heavy were the Vietminh movements from Dien Bien Phu. "The Vietminh are not marching on Hanoi," he said. Fronch mobile relief columns crashed through to the aid of two Uttte Dtan Bleu holding out in the southeastern part of the delta. A third outpost defended by a company of Viet Nam troops fell yesterday to a battalion of Communist Vietminh attackers supported by 90 millimeter bazookas and heavy mortars. The lost outpost of Anxo had held out nearly three weeks. The surrounded outposts of Yen Phy and Coquan are on the fringes of the strategic rice bowl delta where Communist activity has been stepped up since the fall of Dien Bien Phu. The French command said the mobile column* inflicted "extremely heavy .leases'!, on the Vietmirih. French casualties were "appreciable." they added. The French arc parachuting food and munitions to the beleaguered outpotU. Negroes Urged To Move Slowly In New Action ATLANTA UP) — Negro leaders were counseled to move slowly,' although firmly, as they met today to map a program of action in line with Supreme Court invalidation of public school segregation. The advice came from Austin T. Walden, Atlanta Negro political leader and a member of the legal staff of the National Assn. for tha Advancement of Colored People. He expressed himself in an Interview in advance of a two-day closed strategy session by NAACP national and regional leaders. He said he thought members of his race should not seek t bring a sudden end to segregation but should wait until the Supreme Court proceeds this fall to decide how separation of the races should be ended. Specifically, he advised that state NCAAP leaders seek in the meantime to discourage immediate suits to force admission of Negro students to all public schools, colleges and universities. Such action, he felt, should be held in abeyance until fall. Th*e Negro attorney said: "You don't, want to add to the emotional instability of those supporting segregation. But, on the other hand, we don't want to take the position that we have to apologize for the court decision." The NCAAP conference opening today is one of several scheduled to deal with problems arising from the anti-segregation ruling. Most of the others, called by white leaders ii. the South, seek ways of continuing or at least prolonging segregation. Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy and warmer this afternoon and tonight with widely scattered showers and thundershowers north portion; Sunday scattered showers and local thunderstorms and no important temperature changes. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy this afternoon with. scattered showers or thunderstorms extreme east por- ;ion: increasing cloudiness tonight followed by showers or thunder- jtorms west portion lat* tonight and over state Sunday. Maximum yesterday—78. Minimum this morning—53. Sunset today—7:01. Sunrise tomorrow—4:52. Mean temperature (midway between high and lo*r—65.3. Precipitation iMt M boun to 1M a.m. today—.08. Precipitation Jan. 1 t* d»t«—*M> This Date tut TtM Maximum yesterday—8S. Minimum this morning—71. Precipitation January I If 4»ttH- Ul.

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