Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 7, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, December 7, 1946
Page 1
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fag* Six HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Friday, December 6, 1946 Without Reservations" Stars Claudette Colbert, John Wayne Abbot, Costello at the New Sunday in the 'Little Giant' -Those two sterling comedians," ' Bud Abbott and Lou Costello, are j Said to introduce an entirely new brand of laughter in their latest > picture, Universal's "Little Giant," >thi& Sunday at the New Theatre. f The film was directed by William „ Air- Seller, one of Hollywood's most competent craftsmen, and in it he - is" declared to have obtained ef- i 'fects never before seen in an Abbott and Costello vehicle. Seiter, - ' Ijhe advance announcements say, "njts combined the outstanding laugh genius of the screen's two ., -Jshly paid comedians, with ta Credible plot which involves the ; success story of a country boy, who 'goes to the big city to make good. 2"* Costello Is seen as the country •l}oy, and Abbott has a double part, ^impersonating two of the tycoons :with whom the innocent rural youth 'comes, in contact. The familiar role •of Costello being "pushed around" . by his "straight man" which has jmade" these two-funny men inter- tnational favorites, is declared to IJlave been carried out with consum- •rnate skill by Director Seiter. I,C Talented Support 3 > Supporting this highly amusing 1 jtcam of rib ticklers, are Brenda ,, ifbyce, Jacqueline De Wit, Elena iVerdugo, Mary Gordon and George ^Cleveland. : - Miss De Wit is cast as a schem- • iing charmer who tries to take ad- *v,anfage of Costello, but the bump- 3%in. is protected by.Miss Joyce in a jsympathetic role, and finally is re- Stored ta the affection of his child- Pickets Strike at Bituminous Coal Workers By ROBERT SHUBERT Pittsburgh, Dec. 5 — (UP) — With the fuel shortage resulting from the national coal strike already 'forcing heavy industrial cutbacks and mass layoffs. United Mine Workers today struck at the production mines in inood sweetheart, IVerdugo. played by Miss J'* ( The screenplay by Walter De ^Beon'nvas taken from an original story by'PaulJarricb and Richard .Collins. Joe Gerschenson was the 'producer. Clinic for jEarly Stage iMental Illness .*;Elttle Rock,'-Dec. • 5 — UP}— A clinic for early diagnosis of mental fJtness is being considered as an addition to the state hospital for nervous diseases, Governor Laney •disclosed today. • sAs proposed by the chief executive, the clinic would be established so that any person would re- c£ive*a thorough psychiatric exam, ination before being committed to the State hospital. .. is "I am convinced there are many persons in the state hospital who Hever should have been there ,in j~, the first place," he said. "If we " ' Had ,such a clinic, .a person sent there could be thoroughly, observed and either committed to the hos- •«'*'-. pital or returned home after a y?, J brief- treatment, he explained. «The governor said he was convinced the proposed addition , would have two distinct advant- ,,-ages.: ...... .,.1. It would give the individual a better chance to avoid commitment to-a mental institution; •" 1 2." It might relieve some of the . crowded conditions at the hospital. "~ added* he intended to make trickle of bituminous from non-union strip Pennsylvania. A score of automobiles, loaded •vith roving pickets, roamed through the strip fields to intercept coal trucks and dump their loads on the highway, state police reported. Closing of the strip mines would .! cut 40,OuO more tons of production and bring threat of almost immediate exhaustion of emergency supplies in the Pittsburgh district. President C. H. Snyder of the Sunnyhill Coal Co. charged UMW officers were leading the pickets and filed complaints with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Navv Coal Mines Administration. Federal law prohibits picketing of government-operated industries. The new threat to fuel supplies came as industry prepared deep cutbacks which may increase national unemployment to 2,000,000 next week. Including the striking miners, nearly half that number olready were idle. It was learned that Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corp., one of the largest producers of stainless and alloy steels, will announce drastic curtailments at its plants in Pennsylvania and New York tomorrow. The company employes about 12.000. "Most of our operations are j going to dry up," a company official said. Allegheny Ludlum al 'Whirling Girl poses proudly with trainer Ben Jones at Hiak-ah Park. She is by Whirlaway, stretch-burning top money-winner,' out of famous Nellie Flag. Whirlnway's first crop become two' vears old Jan. 1, Calumet Farm may start two of them in Florida. Talks Folks Into It ready had reduced production by 25 per cent early this week. American Steel & Wire Co., has laid off 1,000 at its Page works at Monessen, Pa. The Cleveland tractor division of Oliver Corp. will close tomorrow throwing 1,500 out of work. At Rome, N. Y., 10,000 will be idled Saturday when several industrial plants close. Budd Manufacturing Co. at Philadelphia and Detroit scheduled lay offs for 12,000 to 14,000 of its 21,000 workers this week-end. Timken Roller Bearing Co., which employs 19,000 in six Ohio plants, .said jharp curtailments would be necessary the first of next week. Youngstown Sheet & Tube Company reported that it was operating at only 30 per cent of capacity and further cutbacks might be necessary. The firm already has turloughed 8,000 employes. Republic Steel Corporation will cutback production from 65 to 20 per cent tomorrow. Between 5,000 and 8,000 Republic employes already have been laid off. Total number of unemployed in ne basic steel industry is 60,000 further checks into the costs of a and this may be trebled within a building, and operation to see "if week when finishing mills anrl tlje state can afford it." I " .STRANDED "'Phoenix, Ariz., Dec. 5 — IfP) — The navy is praying for rain in fftfzflftz so it can rescue one of its seaplanes. The plane, a Catalina flying boat, made a forced landing Oct. 19 on Carl Pleasant Lake, 30 miles north 6t 'here. The lake, which serves as~ a reservoir, kept dropping. By the^Jirne a new engine on the plane was Installed, the reservoir was lit- tle»jnore than a puddle. v Two-sailors-liye in the plane and mfcintain">it"in :'lying condition tor th6 day when rains add 20 feet of water to the nearly dry lake. . Tea did not become a popular drink m England until thc Eighteenth ,century ., £ . i Topaz is the emblem of friendship and love. For that reason it is frequently used as an engagement stone. • - ,, .JUST RECEIVED r CHRISTMAS . TREES <t Of All Sizes '.y. Please get yours early. 'Give us your orders early for HAM, TURKEY, HENS " for Christmas ) B & B GROCERY ;, Phone 801 FREE DELIVERY mills and irabricators begin curtailing prod- action. With schedules reduced drastically the railroads were expected to curlough thousands of employes next week. Already 30,000 rail work ers have been laid off. The Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company is laying off 11,500 employes snd Pittsburgh-Corning Corporation, another glass manufacturer, ivill close Saturday. Many small factories have • closed already. H. L. Erlicher, General Electric vice president, said virtually shipments of raw materials and finished products will be halted from GE plants through the country at midnight when the Jreight embargo goes into effect. This move presaged an early layoff for . thousands of the firm's employes. GE's main plant at Schenectady (may lay off half of its 22,000 em- ploy.es next week and the Lynn, Mass., plant, where 17,500 are employed, will make drastic cuts in production. Erlicher said thc firm had no stockpilers of raw materials and the freight embargo would affect manufacturing almost immediately. The automobile industry, which employes 500,000 workers v/ill shut down as soon as existing supplies and storage space is consumed. Ford Motor Company halts all manufacturing at midnight tonight and General Motors will run "only a few days at most." Nash-Kelvi- nator said its plants in Michigan and Wisconsin will close within a week or 10 days. The picture in some of the nation's principle cities were as- follows: Cleveland — Chamber of Commerce estimated the freight embargo would close half of ihe city's industries and make 100,000 idle Rose Ingram, now 20, was evacuated to Canada from England in 1939. War over, she returned, talked folks inlo coming back with her to stay. Parents are shown enjoying bananas in Canada they couldn't get in England. Drawing Cards Bring Your Prescription to Our For Fine Quality Ingredients When the proper medication can relieve suffering and hasten improved health. You can rely on us to fill your doctors prescription speedily. We've WARD & SON The Leading Got It Phone 62 Druggist Finley Ward Frank Word Coming home half shot again, I see!" At Rialto Starting Sunday within a week. New Yorkr— The Commerce Industry Association said a high percentage of th2 city's 2, 500, 000 workers would be idle by the freight embargo. At least yu small producers in the city have closed already. Schools will close Dec. 20, four days earlir than originally planned. Milwaukee — The Chamber of Commerce estimated that -15,000 to 70,000 of the city's 140.000 workers would be luid off if the freight embargo is a prolonged one. Indianapolis— Chamber of Commerce predicted 100,000 would Greeks Charge Countries on Aluminum Workers JSecking Wage Guarantee ;Pittsburgh, Nov. 5 — (,V) — A spokesman for the Aluminum Com- p^iny of America said the CIO- Uniled Slcclworkcrs, at negolialiori nice-tings here the last two days. proposed a guaranteed annual wage, certain new security and welfare provisions, and modification of overtime provisions. Ruyon fabrics as received from the mill frequently shrink as much as 20 percent in the first washing, and in some cases total shrinkage inns as high as 20 percent. Doctor's Discovery FOR FLUSHING KIDNEYS • Dncknclie, loss of pep, getting up nights, and heiidnclic arc often caused by nothing more thnn improper kidney action due to *., , . , ., more umn improper Kiuncy uniim «uc LU ,The spokesman said the com- cxc ^ 9 nc id in the urine. Kidneys nre one phny asked alteration of some of of NnU .«'s ways of remcvin K impuritiei the working rules. He added th.'il rromthc blood. And when these impuritiei details of the proposals were not bbing disclosed at iliis time. '.Negotiations arc to be resumed Jim. 6, with an interim meeting sol ft)r Dec. 20. No wage demands were advanced al lhe iwo-day session. It is expccled thc question will be brought up Dec. 20. following a meeting of the stcelworkers' wage policy committee here Dec. 18 ft L dy. eight Ark. Claudette Colbert stars with John Wayne in Mervyn LeRoy's hilarious production "Without Reservation" Opens Sunday at New Bud Abbott is explaining salesmanship to-Lou Costello in their new riotous howl hie,"Little Giant." laid e predic off wi ithin 10 days .Notre Dame University at South Bund Lake Success, N. Y., Dec. 5 — (A'i —• Greece" charged loday tha "the wliole guerrilla movemen against Greece is receiving sub stanluil support from the counlrie adjacent to Greece's northen boundaries, and particularly froir Yugoslavia." In a 35-pa«e document ;iilecl with Starred in Mervyn LeRoy's pro- uclion, "Without Reservation," Claudette Colbert and John Wayne rim plaudits for brilliant work in vhat is hailed as an outstanding Comedy hit which opens Sunday it Rialto Theatre. Kit Madden (Miss Colbert), au- nor of a best-selling novel coiv I Rusty then learns her true iclen- ' I lily. Thinking he has been taken, he sulks in San Diego while Kit lias a hectic time in Hollywood. Ultimately Dink, playing Cupid, manages to bring them together. Others in the cast include Anne Triola, as a vamp who specializes in service men; Dona Drake, as a lovely young siren who gives Kil cause for jealousy; and FranK Pugla as her father, Louella Parsons and other famous Hollywaad personalities are also seen, playing themselves. This Jesse L. Lasky-Walter MacEwen presentation was produced and directed by Mervyn LeRoy for HKO Radio release. The screen play was written by Andrew Soil irom tlrj book by Jane Allen and Mue Livingston. Advance notices credit "Without Reservations" as being one of the cei ning the problems of returned service men, is on the train en •oule to Hollywood to work on the liclurc version. Two Marine ily- ng corps offices, Captain "Rusty" (John Wayne.) and Lieutenant 'Dink" (Don DcForei, get into conversalion with her and without knowing who he is, ridicule r book unmercifully. She nnd '•Rusty" get interested in each thcr, and she decides that he is just the type to play the lead in rior picture. She tells thc boys she is "Miss Klotch." Changing trains at Chicago, she finds her Marine friends arc booked oil another train, and rather than lose sight of Rusty she boards their train, without ticket or reservation. It is then that their hilarious misadventures begin. Kit is thrown off the train as an undesirable character but is joined by the Marines, and they continue their trip in u second-hand car that she buys, and which is continually breaking down. The fun reaches its climax as Kit is put in jail in New Mexico when she signs a cheek with her real name, after a premature news story has appeared announcing her a rival in Hollywood. Her producer arrives to rescue her, and liveliest comedies seen for some time. Draft Holiday fro Extend Through January Says Army Washington, Dec. 5 — M 1 )— The army announctd today the draft i; holiday will be extended through ii January. A brief statement said "although there has been un abrupt and con- tinning reduction in the number of voluntary enlislmenls since early October," it still is too early to de- eide whether army manpower requirements will have lo be slered by draftees. Selective Service inductions have been suspended since mid-October, The army's announcement did not disclose whether thc War DC- ;' partment planned to ask Congress i to extend Selective Service beyond I March 31, its present scheduled! expiration date. will not reopen :;iter Christinas ii | lnc United Nations Security Coun- coal strike is still on. j cil and made public today, the Akron. O.—Production of lires j Greek .eoveniment also linked Al- expectcd to stop within a ::e-.v days \ bania and Bulgaria directly to the ' disorders along the frontier and because of freight embargo. Pacific Northwest — Lumber shippers predicted wholesale <;losing of mills by freight embargo. Nation's housing shortage lo siif- for because of curUiiJmenl in 'production of lumber. Kentucky—Tobacco markets in Henderson, pwensboro, and Mud- sonville closing today because coal shortage prevents lhe drying tob.'jeeo. <jf called on Ihe U N. to order an "on-the-spot" investigation. 1. Groups of nieri "are bcinK trained and organized in foreign lurri'.orv" and "ai'e tlifn sent iiii-j Greece-, together wii.li consignments of \var inaterial." 2. Armed bands or isolated members of such bands "are crossing lhe boundary lines in both direc- | lions under the protection and Kiiidanc-e or the frontier authorities Because nylon fabrics art.- both ; of the neighboring countries." moth and mildew resistant, they i '•>• Greek fugitives from justice are suitable for uphol.Ufrv and rug i '•'"' "MiM-c-liists ai-o bcinx received materials and for umbrellas, and cared lor in foreign territory, j ,;i:<i jrfr iK-inK incited by propa- Cilrine, lances in color front j "anila In carry oil .sulnvrsivi' :tr- palest yellow to dt'jp orange-red. ' tivities ui Greece." VISIT BYERS' Do Your Christmas Shopping Early We Hove Many Gifts for All the Family Toys for the Kiddies Christmas Cards, Seals & Decorations Use Our lay a way Plan Upstairs Over Byers' Drug Store 117 W. Second St. Phone 535 bnrk up, trouble may start. So if you have thcoe troubles, give your kidneys and bludder n good flushing out by Inking Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root. It Works on the kidneys to flush them ut, Increasing the flow of urine to help relievo that excess acidity nnd ease that burning when you pass water, helps that bladder Irritation that gets you up nights. Mode of 1 6 herbs, roots, vegetables, nnd balsams, Swamp-Root is absolutely non hc union's national wage pol- habit forming. Caution: take 03 directed. For free trial supply, send to Dept. Z, Kilmer & Co., Inc., Box 1255, Stamford, Affected arc 20.000 workers in Cu:\n. Or — get full-sized bottle of Swamp* Root today at your drugstore NOW & SATURDAY DOUBLE FEATURE "ITS GOOD TO BE YOUNG" "Texas Rangers Ride Again" Most Lovable, Laughable, Crdss-Country Escapade since Gable took Claudette Colbert on a Bus Ride in "It Happened One Night!" with DON DoFORE Anno Triola • Dona Drcko Frank Puglia and Louolla Parsons Features 1:00- 3:01 5:02 - 7:03 9:04 NOW & SATURDAY DOUBLE FEATURE No. 1 "South of Monterey" No. 2 "Danger Woman" JACQUELINE DE WIT ELENA VERDUGO MARY GORDON FEATURES 1:00 — 3:02 7:06 — 9:07 Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex, H. WMhburn Pearl Harbor No Uncertainty About This Day ' The 7lh of December will be reinembercd as long as there is ah America. Ollrs may be a time of trouble but there's nothing like one solid lact or certainly to bring order swiftly out of confusion. America was drifting aimlessly in a puzzled world five years ago when the Japanese allacked Pearl Harbor. The nation was suddenly united, and point and muscle given to ils foreign policy. ., The world and our own country are no less confused now than they were then. Bui as we observe IhC' passage of anolher Pearl Hai- bor anniversary lei us remembnr whal il will always sland for: A memorial lo the treachery of envious people—a warning lhal dis- aslcr wails on Ihc' nalion that chooses lo forget. Our country was never nearer dlsaslcr than lhal day in 1941. And this generation has ils work cut-out for it if it sees thai lhe land of ils anccslors is finally preserved after scraping -lhe edge of lhe abyss. Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair and slightly warmer this afternoon and tonight. Sunday partly cloudy and mild, . a 48TH YEAR: VOL. 48—NO. 47 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927 Consolidated Januarv IB. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 7,1946 (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. (APJ-rMeans Associated Press PRICE 5c COPY High Court to Take Action on Lewis' Appeal By RAYMOND LAHR Washington, Dec. 7 — (UP) — The supreme court may reach a decision today on the government request for a quick review of John L. Lewis contempt case. The court was scheduled to meet in closed session" at noon *or its regular Saturday conference. An immediate decision on the government request might be announced today, although it appeared more likely that the ruling would be dis- | closed Monday. Moving to be-pass the court of appeals, Attorney General Tom C. Clark asked the high court yes . * . , t . i , . Displaced Persons, American Negro in Uniform Creating Problem for U. S. Authorities ®By HAL BOYLE New York, Dec. 7 — (If)— Thc American /.one of Germany is Ihc mecca of Europe's displaced people —and of Ihc American Negro in uni- * * + By JAMES THRASHER Old Story of an Old Evil The story of the inadequacy of form. They want to go there for the same reason: They get bcller Ireal- mcnl Ihcre — in their own view at least. And I learned during a two- month stay in Germany during the summer lhal many lop U.S. Army leaders regard Ihc displaced persons camps and Negro troops as two of their chief sources of ad minislralive difficulty. The average old-line regular officer has a fondness in his hcarl for lhe old-time Negro trooper who groomed his cavalry horse back at Fort Riley and still calls him . , . , . .. - . . - "Cap'n" although the officer may terday to take lhe contempt case. b co lonel or general. The government wanted speed be- B , t u am officers have told cause drastic coal-saving controls | th t N g t in thc mass were forcing deep industrial cul- inc occupied country, gel in hnrks anri President Truman was morc scrap j s< comrnU more crimes and calch more venereal disease Separate Arab, Jewish States Favored by U. S. I talked with several intelligent! Negro soldiers about thc high venereal rale, and Ihcy answered: "Our own women aren't over here. What can we do?" By Regular army leaders are equal- New York Dec. 7 — (UP) —Sec- .y disturbed over the problems reiary of Slale James F. Byrnes posed by Ihc hundreds of thou- virtually threw this country's po- sands of refugees of mixed nation- liUcal and economic weight today ality in the displaced persons behind Jewish demands for parli- imps. lion of Palesline inlo separale Arab Officers who arc sympathetic to and Jewish stales, thc personal predicament of many Ending months of silence as to of these homeless people still com- American policy on the Palestine plain thai the camps, full of idle issue, Byrnes called upon Britain men, women and children, are to meet wilh Jewish and Arab lead- breeding grounds^ for crime and| e r s to discuss the partilion plan "in free and full conference." He 115 Persons Dead in Atlanta, Ga. Hotel Blaze; Toll black markel centers. . There is work for some— make- made clear that such a meeting penny work — but not enough, and would have this counlry's blessing thousands flatly refuse to work. a nd that a U. S. observer would Many give as their reason that attend. they will do nolhing to help re- Byrnes made public a "Dear build Germany. Yet ior political Ernest . . . Dear James" exchange reasons they refuse also to return o f letters with British Foreign Min- public school teacher's salaries is not 1 a now one. In fact, the only excuse for retelling it is lhat il seems lo be as consislently forgotten: as il is frequently told, and also because thc situation is passing from that of a national disgrace lo lhat of a national problem. Recent figures indicate lhat 350,000- teachers have left their jobs %i since the war began. Some 60,000 of them have not been replaced. Air additional 109,000 teaching jobs arc being filled by persons who could nol qualify for thc jobs except under emergency condilions. The reasons for Ihis exodus arc not' hard lo find. During lhe war leachers received an average pay increase of 11 per cenl, as against 56 per cent for industixil workers. That brought Iheir average annual salary al lhe war's end lo $186, or about $34 a week. This compares unfavorably wilh lhe average pay of''domestics, . manicurisls, hatcheck girls, and others whose jobs cart scarcely match the teachers' as contribulions lo the country's ad- varicemcnl. Even lhe average salary quoted above, low as it is, is misleading on. the plus side. During the last year of the war half of the country's teachers wore averaging less than $125 a year, a fifth were getting less than $1200, and 44,000 re- backs and Presidenl Truman was determined lo carry on the court war against Lewis. Lewis \yas fined $10,000 in federal clislricl court Wednesday and thc UMW $3,500,000 for refusing lo call off thc strike. Bond in these amounts was posted yesterday. Thc administration was using no weapons other than thc court fight in its efforts to break the 17-day- old strike of Lewis' 400,000 Uniled Mine Workers (AFL) in ihe government-operated soft coal mines. But almost daily il was adding lo lhe lisl of controls intended to stretch lhe coal supply in case of a prolonged strike. The dimout of non-essential lighting and power use, already in effect in 21 stales, will be cxlended Monday to all areas dependent on coal-consuming utililics. The Civilian Production Administration last night also ordered deliveries of bituminous coke restricted to essential consumers. Some 80,000 workers were idle as a result of the strike and the figure was expected to spurl past 1,000,000 by Monday. The embargo yesterday on non-essential freight had swift and widespread effects on industrial employment. The economic crisis created by the strike is expected lo figure largely in Presidenl Truman's radio address tomorrow night along with a back-to-work appeal ceived less than $600 annually. 11° tn e miners. Perhaps one of the chief causes After Mr. T r u m a n ' s cabinet of-this shameful condition is an meeting yesterday, one member 4* outmoded attitude ,which, many of said there would ,be._ rio turning "'us "have toward the profession of' b"ack by the "administration in; its' teaching—and altitude that sits in fight. a b'ack corner of our mind like an ^ t - ew ] lours later ""lark asked inherited piece of antique furniture u supromc court ^ f akc j uri sdic- . A century ago, and less, school tjon '. thp CQn temnt caso which Inoohir,,. ,,,,,c llir, mr,ot 1-nonnr.t :, M r. "°" °i _}" C . COIlieiTlpl CahC, \\ niLll than while Iroops. They say great majority of them — thai regardless of lhe rights and wrongs involved, Negro troops do add a race problem to all their other administrative troubles in Germany. And the Negro soldier? Nalurally he feels differently. He and his family lake pride in his service overseas. He may feel also a responsibility lo his race as well as his country to' serve abroad. And he is likely also to feel he can have morc fun, live better, learn more and meet with fewer social snubs. Thc average Negro soldier is si- lenlly resented by middle-class anc high-placed Germans, silently except among themselves or in con versations wilh white Americans But the German children of al 'Day of Infamy' Lives Again in U.S. Ceremonies By DOUBLAS LOVLACE Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7 — (/Pi— The "day that will live in infamy' lives again at break of day today Five years ago the 'lag flew from Hickam Field when the Jap anese came over. It still ilew—ton , . , ,. , ,. „ , ,and seared by shot—when the las louse and feed them belter ana stales as "the most practical long- bomber wing-tipped with the ris there is no political persecution. term solution" for the new strife- j n e sun vanished beyond the hoi A.,,1 „,. 4V.n*r r.,»nl1 Ihn ^or«r»CIl t :„:. • I . to o their own countries. isler Ernest Bevin giving these in- And, by organized underground dications that American aid would efforts and by individual initiative, be forthcoming if agreement can they are still pouring inlo the Amer- be reached on partition: can zone from the other zones and 1. Jewish leaders Jn America, other countries of eastern Europe. Byrnes said, regard splitling of They come because thc Americans Palestine into Arab and Jewish nouse and feed them belter and stales as By BURNS BENNETT Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 7 -(UP)Fire raced throughout the packed Winecoff hotel on Peachtree street oday in a matter of minutes and at least 115 persons perished in the smoke and names of the holocaust or by plunging to the street, The death toll was soaring into one of the most terrible iire disasters in the nation's history. The latest chrck of hospitals and mortuaries within a radius of 20 miles of Atlanta showed 112 bodies admitted. More were arriving as quickly as amublances could deposit them. Many of the more than 100 initially reported injured were now among the dead. By J. ROBERT . SHUBERT Pittsburgh, Dec. 7 — (UP) — Great sections of American indusr i Y» u ***w*«o •»-^ — — f A At i.1 I VJT1 Cell* BCVifcHJHO VJ. • *»**i^-i j-%.fc»»* *»»»*•«. ^ -j It was the worst fire in Atlanta s t were idled today by the 17- -'| history and the toll already had day coal s t r jke and. the crippling far exceeded the last major are government embargo on ireight ^1ief»e?trt*» in tVlO fnilTlt.FV •—— t.nfi 3_i3" I _i-1 —_^_ „_ J.» ...t*^,*U r.t-m^ /4c\*im r\f disaster in the country shipments which shut down or izon. Today at 7:55 a. m., the hour bomb first fell, the same And as they swell the camps torn territory. more weary American officers 2, Jewish leaders will atlend a harden inlo lhe prejudice xhat conference with Brilish and Arab,,,,,,,,,, . nn „„„,„ ,„-„, ,„,, ..... .,„,.,.- jusl a bunch of lazy Spokesmen only;lf assured that the ^ rc ^ bDa ° n ^ rilIl g r onSd U by the The-German people, crowded in £»!«!.. PJ? 1 !..± VOred by them I smoke and flame of the day of ta : their narrowed frontiers, don't want _. _ = — .,_- , the displaced persons/The Amen- the conference the United Stales I"" can Army is tired of ils respon- would send an official observer, ' UU!il -- scamps _ .. _ _ to the top at that same army , air „ classes genuinely like him, and the i Until this order is given, most hungry German lower classes, women as well as men, court his acquaintance for the food and cig- arcls he can give them. Lonel yde- spilc his new prestige, the Negro soldier oflcn is the easiest mark for infected German prostitutes. , ,. , . ... , sibilily. too. And the United Stales thus reversing her stand at the Soldiers and civilians who came isn't opening its borders wide. Nor time of the September meeting, through the storm of bombs and any other country. when all participation was declined, machinegun fyre that struck Hick- Army officers complain that ex- The American position was clari- anl Fleld wl11 stand , in rcvlew as ccpt for political pressure they n c( j a s President Truman sched- massed troops pass by. could solve both the problems of u i e d a meeting tomorrow with There will be speeches by Gov. Negro troops and displaced per- Bevin in Washington to canvass the Ingram M. Stainback, Lt. Gen. sons in Germany with- a four-word entire Palestine issue, and as ru- John E. Hull, commanding gener- mors spread through Palestine that al of the mid Pacific, and Brig. Britain may place the area under Gen. John G. Williams, Who com- marlial law to halt spreading at- mands the Hawaii Air material **»*• •—•*»•— ; — -—- f t , Bill LJlt 1*^11 bO W tAAWAl. MJ.*UH *»w..-- — — Salle hotel fire in Chicago six threatened to' close thousands of months ago which took 01 lives. . plants acros s the nation. The fire was touched off—it had Thousands of workers in nearly' not been determined now—between every section of the country were and'4 a. m. among^the lower lf orced off their jobs. Industry had lories of the 15-floor building. It no means 0 £'shipping raw mater- hot upward and downward within h als in O r .'finished products out linutes. , . .. 1 because of• the virtual railroad Trapped and enveloped in the i shutdown. The jobless figure neared orch were most of the 280 guests. ttle m iu lon mark and i>en. Homer 11 the Winecoff's 194 rooms were capehart, R. Ind. .predicted in ccupied. Many of them never New Y ork that "millions" would ad a chance and a lot of them be thrown out of 'work if the coal order. regular army officers that I saw feel, American civilians and politicians shouldn't criticize thc army for its present position in Germany. Their private wail is: "We want to get out of thc social welfare business." tacks by Jewish underground area. forces. At the end of the ceremony there . C teaching was the most respectable h u M W had annealed to of the few professions open to wo- L he ^ MfwA ha< *. appealod l ° men. Only thc very young, the very r i-rk ritSri a " ' the inc was Little pay wasl" " Ih1e , public interest will be prp- 'Tonofiincf MJIC moled by prompt sclllcment in . leacnmg was | |he 3uprcme C ourl. ted as the first slop in search of a in .. 1t . . „ • husband, or Ihc last refuge of a caus .c the United States \yas i misfit spinster who had to make he f" e d with "irreparabc injury by own way in a man's world. Ule , U MW stand that the district • Today, of course, teaching is but court had no authority to issue a one of hundreds of professions from temporary restraining order Which a woman may choose. The a SU nlst th .° union, standards and requirements arc That order dircclcd Lewis to high. Thc training is specializcB withdraw a notice terminating the and costly. Yet we continue to un- UMW wage agreement with the del-pay those to whom we entrust government. Lewis ignored u. ilne mosl important years of our Clark said lhe Supreme court children's training. Worse, we con- had expressly approved punish- tinue the old practice of feeling mont for'contempt of such orders free to criticize teachers' manners, oven though the issuing court had VI personal habits, dress and mode of no authority to make the order. In living—under threat of firing them, this case, the UMW has argued Most teachers love their work, thai lhe district court was barred (How else could they put up with from issuing the disputed order by what they do?) But more than a I the Norris-LaGuardia anli-injunc- third of thc teachers employed in tion act. our public school system have had Thc attorney general's petition to find other work in order to repealed uic government's argu live and eat dccenlly. menl that the Norris-LaGuardia Britain to Press Demand for Inventory •By ROBERT JAM MANN! NG •? •'• Lake Success, N. Y., Dec. 7 — (UP)—United Nalions disarmament planners turned optimislical- ly to lhe last half of their world arms-scrapping blueprint today, with Britain prepared to demand periodic inventories of national armed forces and araments. While expressing confidence thai big powers could agree—perhaps by Sunday—to binding principles for arms reductions and abolition of weapons, British officials prepared also to revise a Soviet proposal for twin disarmament and atomic inspection agencies. Reliable sources said the United States might announce outright opposition to wrapping these Soviel proposals inlo historic resolution now shaping UP in the UN assembly disarmament subcommittee. In anolher polilical subcommil- tce the western countries whitlled away al the Soviet-backed move o touch oft a general rupture of iplomatic relations with Franco. The Uniled Slales fought off re- ewed efforts to strengthen ils own csolulion—a proposal that the UN nvilc Franco to quit and let the Spanish people pick a government iroadly representative of all cle- nenls in Spain. . ...What we shall be faced with, if act was nol inlended lo prevent this continues, is a school system the government from exercising staffed nol by teachers equipped soveign functions. for their work by temperament and Under usual procedure, the training, but by ill - trained per- UMW would have 20 days to ans- sons who otherwise could not even w(n - Clark's .petition. He asked thc eaVn the teacher's pittance. court, however, to suspend that " The public schools are tradition- requirement "in view of thc public ally and rightly lhe concern of Ihc interest involved." stales, not thc federal government. But certainly the slalcs can sland •lo lose Iheir authority if they do not assume the responsibility of bettering the lot of their public ed- ucalors. There are few slates thai did not grow richer during the war "years. It is time that all our slalcs took thought of their own teachers .and arranged more adequate com- pensalion for them, or we shall find ourselves with a badly - educated, badly-equipped generation of fulure cilizens. o- NO INFLATION San Francisco, Dec. G —(IP)— To waller Rudolph Frey lhe customer ••is always tight. . He testified before a U. S. judge in a tax case that a ten per cent tip seldom came with a meal check and that his take, in a good restaurant, averaged a nickel customer. per 2,500 GKs Want to Marry German Girls Frankfurt, Germany, Dec. C — (/I 1 )—More than 2,500 American war velernas have applied lo lake German girls back to the United States to marry them. This is thc GI's answer to lhe army's ban againsl American-German marriages in occupied Ger- Free Fuel for Annual Tout by Airplane Application blanks are now-available for the Sixth Annual Gulf light plane tour lo Florida, open to any pilot or owner 1 of a plane of less than 125 horsepower, B. L. Rettig, Gulf airport dealer at Hope Municipal Airport here announced yes- lei day. Ine Air Tour, which is ex- peeled lo bo participated in by a number of flyers, starls January 2nd and ends January 26lh. Foul- separate Gulf airways lo Florida have been established and some forty refueling points have been designated along these airways, which converge al Orlando, Florida, and branch out from there to ' that slate's cast and west coasts. "Any flyer in Ihis area who intends lo make this flight should get his application without delay, fill it out, and send it in," Mr. Bert Rettig said yesterday. "He will then receive a book of coupons which will give him free oil and gasoline, which Gulf will provide for all participants in the tour at the designated refueling poinls. "Thc Air Tour will once again be :>arUcipaled In by entrants from all over thc country. Flyers can take off and land whenever they choose and have no cumbersome rules 01 •cgulations to comply with. Gulf: Bevin's response to Byrnes' let- will be a moment of silence, then ter did not. refer to the partition taps—and that will be all. plan specifically. That plan, along That is, all at Hickam Field with all others suggested, would There will be requiem high mass be placed on the conference a t the Calhedral of our Lady Of agenda, Bevin said. Britain, he explained, is Peace. com- The flag will be packed and :!lowi milled to -no specific proposal and back to 'Washington, whence i is' ready to consider "every possi- came to perform its proud task a bility of reaching an agreed settle- the order of General Carl Spaatz commander of the army air forces statement was Close by the field lies Pearl Har ment." The American the clearest indication of U.S. pol- jbor, wHe're two victims of the icy : since President Truman ap- of infamy still sprawl. They ar pealed uublicly to Britain to admit the last unhappy reminders. 100,000 Jews into Palestine irnrne- ,Thei waves wash the hulls of th diStely,'.'.lH»ls staUment-- : mad^.oh.-battl6shJp-Arizona'.randibe^tar.ge the eve of the recent congression- ship Utan.' The Arizona', buttresse al elections, drew bitter resentment now with concrete where she sank from British Prime Minister Clem- may be built into a pier. ,. ent Altlee, as a move based on The old" battleship Oklahoma American political .considerations, another sea giant stricken an ihe day of infamy, rides at anchor in the nearby Eestuary, stripped of all armament, its hull now sold for ook the quick way out—headlong irough the window. Others stood t their windows and screamed ntil they fell back choking in the lames and smoke. A few survived miraculously by winging from window to window n bedsheets along the upper floors. That way they were able to get to the few rooms the fire didn't reach arid wait for firemen, or reach adjoining buildings. Every piece of lire equipment and every disaster unit' in Atlanta rushed into action. But there was liule they -could do for those caught in the swift onrush of the 'lames. . . .....' By 7 a. m, the flames had been extinguished. But the • Winecoff, with its stately lac a d e across Peachtree street from Atlanta's theater district; was'-a.hulk .with scores of black gouges where its windows had been. The bodies pouring.into Grady hospital .which' : also serves' •; as ; the city morgue, were mostly burned or broken beyond recognition The full 54-nalion political com' nittec decided, meanwhile, that it nust resolve oiice-and-for-all the angry tangle over the Big Five veto power and the small nations' efforts to weaken that power. Thc committee may call a special meeting Sunday to vote on a string of resolutions dealing with the veto, none of which could get majority support in a special sub committee in five days of wrung ling. Delegates of both the westen powers, who have been quick to take advantage of a hope-buoying uisplay of Russian concessions were reported anxious to work into Ihc last halt of the disarmamen resolution a definite statement tha thc Bic Five will not be allowed lo wield Iheir UN Security Council veto power in the day-to-day operations of any inspection and control machinery ullimalcly assembled by the UN. Hirpose of this tour, as expressec ay Major Al Williams, noted flyei and head of the -Gulf Aviation De partment, is lo encourage flyers to jse their planes as transport vchic les. Thc Air Tour is an inducemen lo cross-country flying. Already a number of pilots have indicalec Iheir intentions of taking part ii the tour and we hope that every flyor who can qualify will do so.' Application blanks are availabl at the airport or at this office. June inlo ap Ihc Shopping Days To Christmas many. Congress last proved immigration United States of war veterans' alien financees, with the provision that they must be married within three monlns or go back to Germany. The Munich consulale has received nearly 1,000 applications, around 700 have filed at Frankfurt, 250 at Stultgart, and oilier hundreds al he consulates in Bremen, Berlin and Hamburg. The combined travel board in Berlin which issues the "exit permits" enabling eligible applicants lo leave occupied Germany reported approximately 40 permits had been granted. II is u long road from application lo Visa. The Fraulein musl prove she is free to marry and has j valid agreement to marry, has •10 crimminal record, was not an active Nazi or a member of the German armed forces. The soldier must prove that he is able to support her and post oond lo finance her return to Ger- .Tiany if there is no wedding. The Gorman girl is subjected to careful screening by army invt-slijja- lors bct'urg she is approved. Uneasy Peace Settles Over Oakland Report of Library Activities Alvin M. Hart, Hope Native, Succumbs Pine Bluff— Alvin M. Hart, aged 4, a native of Hope, died last ight al his home al Pine Bluff. He ad lived in Pine Bluff since 1917. He is survived by his wife, two isters, Mrs. Alfred Brannan and tfrs, S. L. Murphey of Hope, a jrother, Glenn Hart of Houston, Texas. Funeral services will be held at 0 a. m. Sunday at the South Funeral Home in Pine Bluff. The body vill be brought lo Hope for burial at 3:30 p. m. Sunday with the Rev. J. E. Cooper in charge. scrap Thc Japanese caught the bnlk of America's Pacific p_°wer in Pearl Harbor on the day of infamy, but no foe of the future ever will be so fortunate again. The navy announced recently ..; bones that 16'oked .'like they., hadpeen; through a creatory. !Down on Peachtree street in front of the Winecoff I the procession of bodies was continuing from the lobby as' firemen 'and Red Cross workers brought down victims from the upper floors. - The tiny lobby was a- tangle of , fir'e hose and heaped clothing it 'was under half a fpot of water but still hot. ''''•„ 4 ,_ • "And .that was supposed to be a fireproof hotel," said a fireman Who had , been temporarily over- strike lasts 30 days. He urged President Truman and United Mine Workers Chief John L. Lewis to "sit down immediately" in an ef fort to settle the strike. In Washington, the Department of Commerce said if the strike goes on for 60 to 90 days "irreparable damage will be .done to tne na- ional welfarei" and the Office pf h Agriculture Department said foreign Agricultural Relations of f ,he Agriculture Department said hungry i l urope_ans would suffer more because of the 'shutdown. Industry appeared to be waiting for some final word from Lewis or the immediate effect of President Truman's Sunday night radio appeal to- the miners to go back l to work before ordering'a full shut-, down of activities. Nevertheless, industrialists had plans' for partial f curtailment'of production and per-, haps closure.later on'. , S 5 - , -f% There appe'ared no hope foy early settlement of the' strike altbaugh a small number of miners • in , scattered sections went back to their thai henceiorth it never will con-1 come by smoke and taken to the cenlrate its might, not in Pearl Harbor, nor anywhere -3lse. And so the great base, which was crowded with battlew'agons on that faleful morning, is almost empty now. Today there are no battleships, no cruisers, not even destroyers, :u the harbor. There are a few submarines, that is all. Diamonds were practically unknown in Europe before Alexander the Great invaded India in the year 327 B.C. Question of Franco Spain Presents a Major Problem to United Nations Meet Reading seems to be, gelling back lo normal al Ihc Ilcmpstcad County Library. During thc month of November the counly library circulated 6753 books and magazines which is lhe largest since May. During the month of May 7033 books and magazines were circulated. The Hope headquarters circulated 2205 books and library maga- Oakland, Cal., Dec. 6 — (UP) — An uneasy peace settled over Hie Oakland metropolitan area today in the wake of |,the »54-ho«r A'FL mass. Slrike, and some labor sources predicled lhal unrest mighl break out. again. For the 1,000,000 Eftsl Bay resi- dcnls who felt the paralysis of Ihc blankel walkouts for two and a hall days, all was normal. Trains, buses and elevators 'were operating, stores and rcslurants were open, construction work resumed and newspapers appeared on the stands. But business and labor leaders, taking stock of the surprise "sel- tlement" effected between City Manager John F. Hassler and the unions veslerday morning, confessed they were confused at lhe zines. This is a big increase over lhe other fall months and the largest circulation since May. In May the Hope Library circulated 2655 books and magazines. This is the biggest circulalkm since April. The Fulton Branch Library circulated 409 books and magazines. This is one more book circulated than in May. Washington Branch Library circulated 398 books and magazines — the most since April. The station libraries circulalcd 82 books and magazines. BV DeWITT MACKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst The arguments in the Uniled Na- lions polilical commiltSe over how the deal with the Spanish regime have been hot, and they have been frank about Franco, but while the consensus is that the Generalissimo's government must go, there is no unanimity about how to gel rid of it. The debates have ranged a wide field, but so far as I have noted nobody has ventured to put his finger on the basic cause of the differences among the UN members. Yet lhal cause is as plain as my Aberdeen terrier's long nose. It's the same, old ideological war thai has produced the two greal blocs—lhe Russian dominated nations and the western democracies. One bloc wants to gel rid of lhe Franco regime in such manner as will resull in lhe establishment of a Soviet, while lhe other wishes to give the people of Spain a chance to have a really free election and pick their own government. It's all very well to sil oulside Spain in the robes of a prophet and guess what sort of government Spaniards want. But I was in that country early this year and don't believe there is any living person, in Spain or outside it, who knows how lhe people would vote in a free plebiscite. They might want a return of their mon- archyn or they mighl declare for mergency first aid station across he street. "My God, to think of all hose people dying up there. And here are a lot of them up there The negro libraries circulated 197 books and magazines. Thc schools circulated 602 books and magazines. The following schools are users of the county library: Patmos, Columbus, Rocky- mound, Deann, Blevins (white and colored), Fulton, Hope High, Washington (white and colored), Ozan, McNab, Paisley, Brookwood, Oglesby, Cloud (colored), Yerger (colored) „ - The Hempstead County Library terms -- or al the lack of .specific has HOIJU registered borrowers, in a republic. It's a matter of pure speculation, because they haven't had a free election in more than a decade. Of one thing your correspondent is very certain: the people of Spain don't "want an« more civil war. The horrors of the last one arc too fresh in most minds. And it's very obvious that unless the United Nations handle this highly complicated situation very carefully, civil war might be prccip noted Ihis danger of civil slrif 1 officially and has taken a stand against any UN operation which might uroducc such a catastrophe Britain and most of the westen democracies take a similar view. The French government, acting under very strong Communist influence, is for strong-arm tactics in gelling rid of Franco. Senator Tom Connally set forth the American viewpoint succinctly before the U. N. political committee the other day. He reiterated U. S. opposition to Franco and said he would welcome any Democratic change in Spain which would protect basic human rights and freedoms. Uncle Sam will take part in any necessary action against Ihc present regime, under the UN charter, if and when this regime becomes a threat to international peace and security. Pending such an eventuality America is opposed to coercive measures by the United Nations, such as severance of diplomatic relations or the imposition of economic sanctions. Britain agrees with that. While we are on the topic of civil war it's well to note that civil war in Spain—or civil war in Greece, such as now is developing —could very easily produce an- olher world conflict. Greece main- ains that the left wing revolt with- n her borders is being inspired rom without, which makes the situation doubly delicate, because she herself is backed by Britain and her Balkan neighbors are in .he Russian fold. Civil war in Spain could produce an even more 'As he spoke, an ambulance crew came by the door carrying a body \nder a blanket. They uncovered t briefly to show the figure of vhat had been a man. His once- white shirt was mottled with the black of smoke and the red of his alood so that it looked grotesquely Ike a lumberman's shirt. The guests included scores of weekend -aristmas shoppers, at Least 50 delegates to the Georgia Youth Assembly—girls and boys— and business people. The Winecoff was one of Atlanta's favorite hos- lelries and although comparatively small ranked among the leading hotels in the city. It was situated in the absolute heart of Atlanta. • Firemen used war surplus navy baskets—equipment from the battlefields—to remove some of the dead from upper floors. A platform was built from the top floor across to lhe morgage guaranlee building and bodies were shultled across. The fire apparenlly slarted on the fifth floor and then swept upward to engulf the upper floors in orange flame within a few moments. It was discovered by a Negro elevator operator, Rosita, who smelled smoke and notified the night manager. Many of those in hospitals were critically burned. The Red Cross rushed reserve supplies of blood plasma but doctors sent out an urgent appeal for quanlilies of whole blood to save lhe injured victims. Donors were asked lo leave their jobs and their homes and come 'to the emergen- cbmmunlty interests.5 --.-T - -,United States Steel Corp., world's largest; steelmaker, brought opera- t tions almost to a standstill m7jl" Pittsburgh district with announ ment- of the layoff of 20,000 me) this 'week-end. Thousands of workers in other dustries automobile, . electrical equipment, aviation products! -the railroads,' textiles, and. even such miscellaneous branches as the' makers of mattresses and .-thermometers — were ordered, off then? jobs. The Duquesne, Clairton • and Edgar Thomson works of .Carnegie- Illinois Steel Corp., a subsidiary of U. S. Steel, will be closed except for limited blast furnace operations.' Four more blast furnaces and 19 more open hearlhs will be taken out of production, leaving 20 blast furnaces off and four on, and 112 open hearths off and 17 on. Only two plants still will make, steel— the Homestead, P.a., plant with 10 open hearths, and the Ohio works at Youngstown, O., with seven open hearths. Ingot loss so far has totaled 196,000 tons. At least 50,000 steel and transportation workers will be idle this weekend, and further shutdowns are expected in the steel mills. In Birmingham, Ala., 43,000 cy wards. Among the first relatives to arrive here was Georgia Adjutant General Marvin 'Griffin of Bain- Bridge, Ga. He began a search of norgues for his daughter, 14-year- old Patsy, who was listed among he missing. terms. M'\y there were 2698 borrowers. Thc United States already lias, menacing position. The attitude of the Franco regime to all this was reaffirmed today. The cabinet, after a meeting which lasted into the early morning hours, issued a com- munique reiterating the government's "firm determination" to maintain "the independence of the fatherland completely free of tiny kind of foreign interference." workers were out, including 20,000 miners, 14,000 men ' in foundries and cast-iron pipe companies idle because of a gas shortage, 3,000 at Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Co., i,200 at Woodward Iron Co., 1,000 at Pullman Standard Car Co., and another 800 in other industries. Ford Motor Co., workers led the parade of jobless in the automobile ' industry. Twenty thousand work, ers aleady were out and an additional 20,000 were expected to go out this week-end. General Motors Corp., expected ils industrial network to sag shortly and its 263,000 production workers faced idleness. Chrysler and other auto makers' were expected to be hit quickly. Budd Manufac-r luring Co., planned to lay off between 12,000 and 14,000 of its 21,000 vorkers in Detroit and Plu'lade^ phia over the week-end. Repercussions from the strike segan multiplying rapidly over the country. Thousands of communities, already operating under a wartime dimout, began to feel xhe oinch of the coal shortage. Schools in many sections of the country already were closed and others planned an early Christmas holiday for studenls. In Detroit, the Wayne County American Federation of Labor threatened a one-day, city-wide Streets outside the hotel were itlered with wearing apparel, particularly women's shoes. Early in the fire, a young woman appeared at a window on the ninth floor and let down a rope 01 sheels she had made. Firemen begged her to wait but she was frantic with fear. She lowered herself to a window ledge where rescuers were placing someone else on a ladder. But just a few feet from safety, the sheets parted and she dropped screaming to her death. Anolher woman slepped to a window ledge on one of the top floors, paused there a moment with her nightgown shining white in front of the flames. Then, the garment, too. was afire. She leaped toward a s'-ifety net. But she missed the net, binding instead aslritlp overhead Continued on j-age Two, work stoppage of 150,000 members in support of the striking miners. ' '• • •', - -p Howard Houston Slightly Hurt in Auto Accident Howard Houston of Hope was slightly injured last night about 8 O'clock when the automobile he was driving crashed into a truck which was stopped on Highway 67, a few miles west of Hope. The truck, owned by Homer Cobb also of Hope, was broken down when the accident occurred. Cobb was allempling to replace a wheel. Houston's automobile was badly damaged. The accident was investigated by t Sgt. J. H. Porlen'icld of stale police. i ^WTT^^r^SW

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