Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 6, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, December 6, 1946
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<1 ,v^wwawn*^^ :! I-, f* 1 I*T t -^ M O P I STAR, HOP I, ARKANSAS Thursday, December S, It4* CIO AFL Unions End Their Separate Meetings § »nU. Dee. 4 —-</P>-* Th« CK) He Ari> have ended theif sep- meetings fpr southern rep- tativus nete—one on a note of a«et«ation and the other with an announcement of an «rxp*md<:d pub- ile relations piogram The twe-day meeting of 21 CIO leaders ffom 12 southern states ?d utter Van A. Bittrier, diree- ization campaign, said: "The CIO w|U not Join with employers and other enemies of or* ganizsd labor to organize the unorganized. This policy is In sharp contrast with that being followed by some AKL officials in the south who have worked hand in 'glove with employers to keep employes from joining the CIO." Meanwhile, the AFL's southern representative, George L. Googc, announced after the final session of the southern policy board that the 42 labor leader's from 14 states had voted to expand the public relations section now headed by James .Barrett. of.-Atlajita.,-*, t , > I I C GET YOURS NOW — — ~CHRISTMAS CARDS LARGE: ASSORTMENT OF PRETTY CHRISTMAS CARDS. >•«,; -, V'*- 98c Box Improved Roads Up to People Says Laney Little Rock. Dec. 4 —WV-Governor Laney told the Arkansas Bus and Truck Associalion yesterday that the people must decide whether they want road improvements and the additional' taxes \o provide them. Stressing that no progress ever is made without cost, the chief ex- «ctition told the group at its fourteenth annual convention here, lhat "SB con .get what, we want if we aj* lip, fkd^rnind to It. 'WxibdpS is that if extra tax burden is assumed, it will be a faiFlytfistfIButed burden, not coming Jargely from .any one group." food/highways are necessary 'or e^Titatc's development, ; Laney said; and "should bring additional wealth into Arkansas. The gpvernor invited the motor xsorriers'to study ; the state's highway problem before the legislature mcels nert month and to "try to arrive at a fair solution." Record Polio Expenditure in Arkansas The Arkansas Slate Chapter of Ihe National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis has spent over $24,000 during the month of November for Polio relief in Arkansas, William H., Sadler; Slate Chairman, has announced. This Is a record high $152,520 Requests Are Approved by Budget Committee Little Hock, Dec. 4 — <A'i— The Joint legislative budget committee, In Its least productive cession since convening over u week ago, approved $152,320 in budget requests from lust four st&tc agencies yesterday, i The four budget)! provided salary Increases for all employes in each department. Theyjwcre: 548.52Q2for the State Parole Board which now receives $43,700. S25,000 for the State Cancer Commission, now receiving the same ornouut. $4,0,600 for the Slate Auditor's office, :> TIOW receiving $43,000. $20,400 for the Secretary of State' office; now receiving $25,500. In i money expended in polio victims, he said. behalf of Mfi Ideal For Her Tfiis Christmas .- Don't delay another day in selecting your gift V -forJier. -this Christmas. Let us show you our display of beautiful gifts. n ",*•, % -•> i, «..., v V; i •£j" '; • AlfWool Sweaters , j Ladies' Dress Gloves In 5hoj;t on<l long sleevf^ \fooamu] bfyl |irf^ol4?;^wVcwn''and green } She'll coloj-B for fall. All" sizesjn^fock, "^% v I c ..£J3?4r oRnes^g^oves lor.Ch^sfwas. 2.95 to 5:95 WINTER DRESSES V 11 in jf ands|lk. Dress her up this Christmas ,. For Qifts of Leisure Give Her a Chenille Robe Beautiful hoavy chenille robes in blue, rose, pink, green, red, yellow and white. 8.49 'Silk Lounging Pajamas ..'. .j.y.s.LtKg.-tbJnaJ.o/ her hours of leisure. .. .,, In blue, pink and whilo, Ladies Step-ins With short legs and in brief stylos. All sizes. 79c to 1.59 HOUSE SHOES Sec uur fcelticiltm of bountiful hoiiao^houii for her, In while, MIICV ml, bliicli, innk inul inttity other colorv, I'liiin mid lur trim, 1,19 to 3.95 T V Hi. -,« V*l fc) 'i *W'*f- M i. i ,<.-, It '-f (I '.,w BLANKETS FOR CHRISTMAS Nothing can be mqre ns«ful f$r Christmas than'one of our lovely all \VQQ| blanket:;,. We also hgve 50% wool and all cotton double blankets. 2.49 to 12.95 'We Clothe the Family for Lett' Owen's 119 E«»t Second . Store Phono 781 Farm Prices Show Big Decrease in Arkansas Little flock, Dec. 4—</P>—A 13 per cent decline in prices received by Arkansas farmers between October 15 and November 15 was reported loday by Ihe Arkansas crop reporting service. The orice break was nearly 10 times the 3.7 per cent decline for the nation as a whole and followed a steady rise since July 15. Mow- ever, the general price level lu Arkansas as of November 15 remained 31 per cent higher than for the same period a year ago. ' The downward trend was due mainly to the recent 22 per cent drop in Ihe price of cotton and a 19 per cent drop for miscellaneous commodities. Declines of five per cent In poultry and eggs prices and two per cent in meat animals Were olher factors. Offsetting this picture were increases of 34 per cent in oil bcar- j - Wlll'larri'H. SAdler '• 'Expendllurcs were lislcd us follows: Special purses . und physical Iherauplsls on hospital staffs, $3,048.83; braces, $2,072.50; .and 'hospital beds, ',$18,343.70; '-'.""• iThc- State Chapter provides hos- •pltalization, nursing 'oare., 1 and>ne- cossary braces. for all '.victims of polio' as' parl of Jts year-round ffght against , live ravages ot the disease', Mr. Sadler Said." ," It* Was. also 'announccd''th'at" Wfl- am'H. .Sadler has again been iip- ointcd Stale Chairman • for the nnual March of Dimes appeal, eld in January of each. year, • - _ — u o -i - — — Truman May Seek Labor Law Change By JACK BELL Washington, Dec, 4 —(/!')— -President Tr.umun'8, 'promise to sent the strongest*, possible legislative,- -rocs-. ingci lo-.;.lhe new.: 0'.p.P..-conlrojlcd Congress brought; predictions fiiom GnpUol-.HIll friends today tliat iiindnmcnttil chnngesr In ,..the,.iabor avvs; will ,bc nentv the, top,;of , his proposals. •: . ., ,,..;.|..,, .,',,,: :,.''(•• iyir., ,Truman>,used-.,thc description in Helling a ncwsi* conference 'yesterday about the slate of thei union iossagcjlic' plans to ; send .the leg- slaters' iniiJuhuary. He snld.iU.will o'al iwith labor and -other .toplcsiso that he nncj the Republicans" con ing crops and four per cent in fruits. Swift Boosts Pay of All Union Employes Chicago, Dec. -1 —W';— The AFL Amalgamated Meat Cutters 4 Butcher Workmen announced to day an agreement had been signed with Swift & Co. granting workers In nine plants, including one at East St. Louis, 111., a average increase . "in excess of 12 cents an hour." Earl W. Jimerson, : V president of the union, said that.-the contract signed last night affected 6,000 Swift workers directly. The company said it covered 4,000. Other terms of the agreement included eifiht Tiburs pay--for'eight holidays. Patrick E. Gorman, secretary-treasurer, of.th". union, said this was, thq '.first time workers in a major industry received more, than thc;.jusunl- six. Added holidays ' WeVc Armistice Day and Washing ' ton's birthday. - »..-•.•..., Greeks File Complaints Against Slavs Lake Success, N. Y., Dec. 4 —(/P)— Casseli Dendramis, Greek ambassador to the United Nations, said today his country has filed 'ormal charges of border violations against Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Albania and has asked that a U.M. commission^ make en "ojj-the- spot" Investigation. Dendramis said his delegation United Nations Security Council to ti'as submitted the complaint to Secretary General Trygyc -Lie. He said that the Greeks asked the United Nations Security Council to discuss the case aridlhat a committee be-sent to Grflete to investigate conditions along'lfhe border. Premier Constantln Tsaldaris of Greece is enroute' from Athens to New York to present the complaint in person but has been delayed in Paris by weather. o- SPECS SPARED Kansas City, Dec. 5 — Iff 3 )— A purse-snatcher left Mrs. Gertrude Wald short-changed but not shortsighted. After he grabbed her purse and started to run, she called out that her new glasses were in. tne handbag. The man laid her glasses carefully on the grass, then fled with the purse. • Food that boils over or spoils in j When tea was first introduce^ in- • the oven should be wiped up atjto England it* use was e mark ot . once and not allowed to burn on.'social elegance. • _ - Husbands! Wives! Want new Pep and Vim? ^«.fi±fia s?^'*«•-'•«• LARKOTEX TEXARKANA The Larkotex Co. 1002 Olive St. TexarkanO; Ttx, Manufacturer* For Over Thirty Years Supplier* of Doctors and Surgical Supply Houses Throughout the Southwest. Surgical Belts and Trusses — Orthopedic Braces Crutches and Canes, ^,, Surgical Elastic Hosiery All' types Girdles, Belts and Trusses for post 1 operative, sacro iliac maternity and all abdominal conditions. In addition to our private retail fitting rooms maintained by qualified men and women fitters, specialized in the fitting and adjustment of the appliances manufactured. ' WE ALSO HAVE FOR RENT OR SALE — WHEEL CHAIRS ADJUSTABLE BEDSIDE TABLES INVALID WALKERS INFRA RED LAMPS BABY BASSINETTS THE LARKOTEX COMPAHY Sees Power Plant '/"•• as Important to State Industry Little Rock, Dec. -1 —W)—Slate enator Ernest Mancr, Hot Springs, aid today the government's dcci- ion to release for. sale the in- ompleled power plant at Lake Catherine was-of more importance o the industrial deyelopcmnt of his irca than construction of the Joycs Mills Aluminum plant during the war. .., • .... Mancr : was' one of \therspqhs,ors . the:; 1045 lefiislat'iu'e of% Vpsohx- ion- .requesting, f inal. .construction of 'the power pi A fit l by" WvhVe Mn'•^ ' J -,fldopti9n^ya.si cooerate . dono. >H]s ! lungunBo.-in the abscriccv.of m'orc detail, -left legislators,.nope what'.up. in, the., air. : as lo '..tho flcn ural t,acfc Mi!ji;Trumun may lake. Some thought r that by . a Hlr.ong Message the presldcml meant'he .would • revive muny ..of-, the. New Pea,l proposals he -has espoused,,ir Iho past, •,[ ...... ; . ,.. .';)• r i Put'others, ai|ifl that, ifJMf. Tni ,mnn hones to obtain ; tiny sort., of .cooperation, with Ihei Republican —an objective he hna'^ moiUioijoc before—he could not hope to get i that wny. As a result this groui looked for a more conservative trend in the message. AH one possible remedy, Sena tor O'Mnhoncy, .(D-Wyo) rcportec he had 1 told-the president of plans, to Introduce n bill which woulc provide tux reductions [and othc Incentives for any national Indus try. such aa coal mining, whicl puts an annual wage into effect. "Otico we provide for .security of Incomu 'for th'c \vorlcpr in sue] Industries, we arc going to havi fewer labor disturbances," the Wy omjng senator said. At all 'drug.' stores''every where—in TTnrsn '•«». /T! .-...• . ' J r+ t I "_"_.L - T^_. . . ; Hope,.af Cox;aridOlbaStf Drugs. * ' "• "•' ' assls't . east, he said. * We ulso hone thai the president's recent flood control works' >rdor.will .release funds for Blake- ,v'-dnm." .Maner.said in a prepared statement,. "With, construction--of these two,,Important projects our Mien will.have become one of the •cey industrial areas of the south- wast."- '•• j - .. ,, . .,. . ,. ,'-. .,., ,, Mmibr', personally sought', the re- lea.so of. the powpr plant to private industry last i Juno i. in a .trip .,lo Washington.-: , . , , , ; , , '-,,,,. , FROM SNIFFLY. STUFFY DISTkl$$ OF Instantly relief from head cold distress starts to come when you put & little Va-tro-nol In each nostril. Also —It helps prevent many colds from developing if used In time t Try Itl Follow directions In package. VUKSVA-fRO-NOL PUBLIC SALE I will offer for public sale at my home 3 </a miles east of Hope on Hope-Rosston highway on Monday, December 9th ''•• v "' >'••" .'••-..,. Commencing at 11 o'clock, the following personal property, to-wit: 1 Mule, 8 yean old, weight 1100. 1 Work Mara, 7 yeart old, weight 1200.:.'• V Work Hone, 9 years old, weight 1200. 1 mule colly 3 years old, a good one. 1 Horse Colt, coming 1 year old, 3 Milch Cows with young calves, 2 fat field calves. 1 Cow to freshen in January. 1 large White Face Cow. 1 big Sow with 12 pigs. 200 bushels corn, more or lets 200 bales good Hay. Some Purple Hull Peas. 2 McCormick Peering Cultivators. 1 International Disr, a good one, 1 good McCormick Peering Mower.' 1 McCormick Peering Hay Rake. 1 Planter. 1 Fertilizer Distributor. 1 Section Harrow, 1 Middleburster. 3 No. 19 Oliver Breaking Plows. 1 Stalk Cutter. 1 No. 10 Oliver Breaking Plow, 1 Pony Steel Plow. 2 Single Plowf. 1 good Broad Tired Wagon. 1 Scrotcher. 1 Cross-Cut Saw. 2 Axes. 1 complete set Blacksmith Tools. 2 Pixie Queen «nomel wood Cook Stoves. 1 small Cook Stove. 2 Bedsteads with springs and Mattresses- 2 Pressers. 1 Pining Table, 6 Pining Chairs. 3 Rocking Choirs. 1 Electric Churn. M 29 Chickens. Other furniture, hoes, forks, sweeps, and many other articles too numerous to mention. Mrs, Geo. L Johnson & Son Owner* i Silas Sqnford, Auctioneer LUNCH WILL BE SERVED AT NOON. It's Time to Think of Christmas Complete Twin Bed Maple Group ~-~"^ v :"!;. J"''V^-'/.t .. "?••'•'.$$* t,i ' • ' '.'•",''• .'*•,.•• .";• A ''find';' 1 when you consider that the bedding is XCSQ •'./. -included- . . .'a comfortable mattress and -springs foi* EASH bed,, and a dresses and chest with hanging mirror •besides. All nine pieces, in lovely maple. Priced Reasonable. '••'•'" Kneehole Desk. The perfect gift for the traditional living room or hall, where design and quality are important. Mahogany Walnut finishes. or Just Received! Three ' -^ '. Car Loads of New Assortment of All Kinds of TABLES Excellent for Gifts Treat the home to a nice Christmas gift this year. Come in today and see our nice collection. Lovely Lamps | A new lamp on either side t ' of your sofq, will do wonders,.'for your room. Many styles, < beautifully mounted, with;; stretched rqyon shades. • Priced to suit all. Meny MIRRORS A large assortment All kinds and si»es TO SUIT EVIRY SPACI Hope Furniture Co. MAIN AT THIRP R. Y. HfRNDQN, Sr. T. $. CQRNIMUS I Our Daily Bread Sllctd Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Moil Embargo Follows Coal Strike $ Counties Go Own Way Today's announcement by Postmaster Robert M, Wilson ol the terms of the mail embargo which went Into effect this Friday morning tells the man in the street in language he cnn understand the true score of the cool strike. Anything that affects the mails Is national in its scope— and the malls arc grievously affected, indeed. Behind the mail embargo is a retrenchment program forced upon £j}lc railroads by their dwindling supply of fuel. Thousands of railroad workers face layoffs as trains become fewer. In the great industrial cities the shock is concentrated. Steel and motors will be down, and the unemployment total will rise *to 5 million or more very soon unless tlic coal strike is broken. ^All this may seem remote from us, with the exception of the mail embargo and further delay in manufacturing articles we haven't seen much of since the beginning flit .the war—but actually it concerns us at every breath and every step. A great closing of industry must inevitably spread financial fear. And when people arc frightened they stop spending, even if they still actually have plenty of money. Fear is the hooded man wailing at panic's corner. This the government sees clearly —which is why John L. Lewis Is being shown a very lough time right now in Washington. * * * „ The Internal Revenue Collector Uor Arkansas announced last night that 972 persons had paid for federal licenses to sell liquor in our state — although state permits amount to less than 500. Where are the other 472 federal • licenses? You guessed it: In the "dry" counties. Some people will criticize the federal authorities for issuing licenses in "dry" counties— but the same people don't see anything inconsistent in asking the federal -government for money for every •I/local purpose. The Washington authorities have a wholly con slstcnt record of collecting taxes on just about everything, on the theory that of you collect cnougl taxes you will have enough money jo be able to meet the demand of the people. But the counties, under the not so-gentle guidance of the prohibi tibnists, are busy denouncing taxe while yet screaming for appro i7rialions. It doesn't add up. Nor does Hope Star WEATHBR FORECAST Arkansas: Fair and" warmer this afternoon and tonight; Saturday fair and warmer iri east and south portions. 48TH YEAR: VOL. 48—NO. 46 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927 Consolidated January'18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1946 (NEA)—Moons Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. (AP)—Means Associated Press PRICE 5c COPY Local Fans Pay Tribute to Bobcats, Band More than 300 local backers paid tribule lasl night lo Ihc entire Bobcat squad and members of the high school band at a turkey dinner in the school cafeteria. Members of the football squad were introduced by Coach Joe Dildy. The band members were introduced by Director Thomas Cannon. Mr. Dildy named the following leltcrmen: Centers; Jack Ray, Robert Me- Cullough; Guards; Billy Milam, Bill Morton, Bobby Franklin, Echols Locke; Tackles; Denny Smith, Villon Garrett, Charles Crawford nd S. A. Westbrookc; Ends; Cln- ance Walker, Carrol Huddleston, "ames Russel and Charles Gough; Juarterbacks, Douglas Mulling and 3obby Bcarden; left Halfbacks, 3uster Rogers, Buddy Sulton, Chares Reed; Fullbacks: Jack Wells md Tommy Britt; Right Halfbacks, Jack Bell and Reese Miller; Student Managers, Don Holt and Eugene While. Cotton Bowl Tickets All local fans wanting tickets to the Cotton Bowl game between the University of Arkansas and LSU New Years Day are asked to contact Leo Robins and ralbot.Fcilds, Jr.. Martial Law in All Palestine Is Predicted By EDWARD W. BEATTIE Jerusalem, Dec. 6 —(UP)— Rumors spread today that the British might place under martial law all Palestine by the weekend in an effort to hall the spreading attacks by Jewish underground forces Upon British military continued today five members of the British airborne division were X Younger generation discovers something many of us knew a long time ago: that pickle juice sucked through a peppermint stick is good.'Mary Pat O'Brien, \ of Riverdale, 111., demonstrates. add up to tell folks what splendid VJchools some of the,,. ,big stales '" Save, with well-paid teachers, -and what miserable schools Arkansas has, with low teachers' salaries. One of the missing pieces of evidence, here, is, thai those same well-schooled states follow the policy of the federal government.— not a few wayward, rural counties —they collect taxes on just about everything. On the theory that those who have money have somelhinfi to do with. : • * * * •JSV BY JAMES THRASHER Frightening Facts of Life In the unlikely event that the trustees of a wealthy foundation or endowment fund should ask our advice on what to do with a million dollars, we should earnestly ropommend that they present it to the worthy and deserving group which calls itself the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists. There arc nine distinguished scientists in the group, headed by Dr. Albert Einstein, and they are look- -ing for just that sum. With it they •{hope to do a necessary selling job Their commodity is a set of six statements, .six fateful fads of life whicli somehow failed so fai to goad the human family into con ccrtcd, emergency action. The facts are these: 1. Atomic bombs can now be made cheaply and in large numbers and thdy will become more dc- slructive. 2. There is no military defense against atomic bombs and none is to be expected. \ 3. Other nations can rediscover V our secret processes by themselves. 4. Preparedness against atomic warfare is futile, and if attempted it will ruin the structure of our social order. 5. If war breaks out, atomic bombs will be used, and they will surely destroy our civilization. 6. There is no solution to this problem except international control of atomic energy and, ultimately, the elimination of war. That is all. But those statements sum up the problem and inescap- -'j> able solution better than all of the r millions of technical, emotional, controversial, belittling words that have been written on- this subject of almost incomprehensible importance. These nine men know what they are talking about. They are wise serious, and fastidiously devoted to the separation of fact and sup position. There is no supposition 01 half -trulh in what they arc saying now. With the scientist's righteous scorn of rhetoric, they have se down thpir convictions. They have & determined upon a vigorous cam ••f-" Continued on Page Two Coach John Barnhill of the University of Arkansas told the Bobcat and Razorbaclt fans that a large share of Arkansas' success this season was due to backing of the entire stale. "We went into plenty of games Ihc underdog but there was always the feeling that support of the entire stale was behind us, giving us the will to win regardless of dope," he continued. He urged the football squad not to wail in selecting their life's occupation, "set your goal now, and let nothing sidetrack you." Mr. Barnhill was introduced by Chism Heed, president of the Arkansas Booster Club, who outline work of the organization. Mr. Reed was introduced by Leo Robins, head of the local Booster Club. Following introduction of Ihe Bobcats by Coach Dildy, Assistant Coach Nollan Tollett paid tribute to he cooperation and backing given he coaches and team by local 'ootball fans. Leo Ray served as master of ceremonies. 1 >„.• ; ;-'After the dinner and speaking jrogram the group saw a film of he Arkansas - Tulsa contest which was played Thanksgiving Day. Young Girl Freed of Slaying Charge Kansas City, Dec. 6 — (fi')— Blond Frances Kalherine Wanstrcet , 17, was freed of a first degree murder charge in the drowning of an eight- year-old crippled boy whose body the Blue Educators Hold Meeting Here Thursday Approximately 100 I-Iempslcat County Educators met last night a Paisley school where classes were held under Ihc direction of Dr. R B. Bent and Mrs. Flela Russel, following a business discussion. The meet included members of the Classroom Teachers organization, teachers laking an extension torcesT New outbreaks and sixth wounded, one seriously, when their jeep hil a mine on the Tel Aviv- iaifa road norlh of the Jewish colony of Hedera. High Commissioner Sir Alan Cunningham summoned Jewish Agency Leader Ben Zwi to government house for an emergency con- 'crence in an effort lo bring the atest series of outbreaks to a halt. There was no official confirmation of rumors lhat martial law was contemplated and some quarters doubted slrpngly that Cunningham had any intention of taking this step. A cleclaralion of marlial law would be regarded as an admission by the government that it hac lost hope for a peaceful solution of the Palestine difficulties. The government's policy since release of imprisoned Jewish leaders in November has been to attempt lo keep Ihe British Army out of Ihc picture as much as possible and rely on police lo main- lain order. It was admitted that imposition of marlial law would furlher embitter the Jewish populace and Federal Liquor Permit-s Outnumber State's by 472 Little Rock, Dec. 5 (If).— Rcporls from the Internal Revenue collectors office and the State Comptrollers office indicated today that 972 persons had paid the required federal lax to sell liquor in Arkansas while slale permils amounted to less than 500. No breakdown was available from federal or stale sources to show the number of stale licenses granted or the number of .federal lax pnymenls by counlies. About half of the state's counties are listed as having voted "dry" under Ihe 1943 initiated local option law. The Internal Revenue Deparl- fnenl collects $27.50 a year from >ersons who apply for a liquor tax and $22 for sales on beer. Payment of taxes, said Louis J. Obersle, as- sislanl acting director of the In- ernal Revenue Department, docs not conslilule a federal license to sell intoxicants in areas that are 'dry" under stale law. 5 Million to Be Made Idle by Embargo Pittsburgh, Dec. 0 — (IP) — An embargo on railroad freight shipments , L oday climaxed the snow , balling effects of the soft coal strike with an .avalanche of new unemployment that sent the idle ness total above 213,000 in related industries, Tens of thousands of American workers were handed pre-Christmas layoffs as the 16-day, stoppage gradually choked off the economic, social and educational life of the nation. Predictions from across the country indicated more than 5,000, 000 workers would be idle by New Year's if the coal strike is still in progress. Meanwhile, the governmen planned more stringent conserva tion measure to save the meage coal supply, including an exten sion of the drastic brown-outs nov observed in 21 eastern and mid western states. John D. Small, civilian produc tion chief, glumly predicted, "We 1 have people cold within a week, because of the strike. The miners, generally, were. rest- tau «:nii 5 UL v,«: .,mu cmu^s" ive but apparently content to watch which went into effect at 12:01 o'- and wait for word from John L. Mail Embargo Explained byWilson Hope Postmaster Robert M. Wil son today summarized as follows the terms of the mail Polar Skipper Capl. Richard N. Cruzen, above, will be naval chief of the Navy task force headed by Adm. Richard E. Byrd which will make a survey of the Antarctic in December. He was Admiral Byrd's se: url in command on the la.t- ter's last • Antarctic mission La 1939-41. course and non-member instructors. Dinner was served lo the group. Similiar instruction classes were held for negro teachers of the counly at Yerger school yesterday afternoon. orobably would strengthen support of Jewish elements favoring extreme measures. vyas found floating in river Nov. 25. Spectators at the girl's preliminary hearing yesterday cheered when Justice of the Peace Samuel C. Haydcn dismissed the charge. Police LI. Charles Welch testified Miss Wanstrcet voluntarily signed a statement that she pushed Ross Key, Jr., into the river. The defense, contended the girl was under duress, said "the plate has not made a case and has violated the laws of Missouri with a confession thai was involuntary." Prosecuting Attorney Michael J. 'Hern said he would confer with is assistants before deciding nether he would file new charges. The Key boy was reported miss- ig Nov. 4. Ten days later police cported the girl had signed a talemcnt thai she took the boy lo 10 river ;md pushed him in the vatcr because he had been tor- ncntiiiR her. The body was found '•Jov. 25 and the coroner reported lint death was due to drowning. Justice llayden dismissed iiic harge at the preliminary hearing ifter it was shown that she hue been held more than 'i4 hours without being booked on a formal charge and that she made a slate •ncin without advice of counsel. Shopping Days To Christmas McClellan Says Special Session Is Not Likely Little Eock, Dec. 6 — W 1 )—Presi dent Truman is not likely to call i special session of Congress lo dca with the coal emergency, Sen John L. McClellan (D-Ark) sai '.oday as he prepared to leave fo Washington. With the new Congress to con vene Jan. 3, he pointed out, even one pro-labor senator could block action until that time in the upper' House. The Arkansas senator also predicted that no successor to Robert P. Hall, who resigned as state director of OPA this week lu be- ;ome secretary-manager of the North Little Hock Chamber of Commerce, would be named immediately. He indicated thai, instead, a head would be selected for a joint OLA and Civilian Production Adminislralion following planned merger of these two agencies. McClellan said he had traveled about 1,600 miles through Arkansas since his return from 'Washington. He said ne had visited about half of the counties and had filled speaking engagements in 30 of them. He announced that Mrs. Helen Tolbert, Fort Smilh, would soon join his secrelari.-al slaff and thai Miles Scull, former Little Rock nowspapcrin;in, would bi'ccuiie his executive secretary Jan. 1. GOP to Clean Up New Deal •'- . ' '9'f,' ' " \ ' -.-• -i • ; ;-V . : Says Martin By JACK BELL Washington, Dec. G —C/Pj—Republican leaucrs promised today they will back a "constructive" program in a new congress which Hep. Martin (Mass) told them will have the job of "cleaning up" after 14 years of the New Deal. Martin, who will be the nexl speaker of the House, declared at a GOP National Committee banquet it is up to the party to "rescue the country from the ravages of 14 years of New Deal spendthrift policies and secret government." National cornmitteemen, turning today to discussions of a site for the next presidential convention and the raising of campaign funds, agreed the GOP legislative pro- ram in the 80th Congress will •cigh heavily in the 1948 race for ic White House. Martin regretted last 'night that we do not control the executive iranch and because of this we nay not be able to accomplish all vc' hope to do." But committee rtcmbcrs told newsmen the party till must take the lead on Capitol lill. Jouclt Ross Todd, committee- nan from Kentucky, said he hopes he Republicans will offer wilh- >ut delay labor legislation designed o prevent critical work stoppages uch as the coal strike. "The country is looking for ac- ion in January and May will be too late," he declared. In another vein, Dan Whetstone. Montana commilloeman, said he .hinks the Rpcublicans oulht to set out at once to make over the diplomatic service into a career undertaking. "I think Ihc country wants some experts handling its foreign affairs, and not some political hacks who arc being paid off for their contributions," he said. Chaivnum Carroll Reecc told the committee at its session yesterday it should select a 1948 convention city without delay, predicting that housing conditions for dele- Lynching Probers Expected fro Recess Today Athens, Ga., Dec. 6 —(UP)—A federal grand jury probing the July ' shotgun lynching of four Walton county negroes was expected to recess today and resume hearings again Monday for possibly another week.- - •^•'•••- ^ • •••••• - •Mrs. Jesse Warwick, wife of a Methodist minister, was scheduled to take the witness sl3"d todav. Mrs. Warwick reportedly saw three carloads of men a week Defore the mass murder of two ne- gro men and their wives, at Ihe scene where the shooting later took place. J. L,oy Harrison, farmer, from whose car the Negroes were taken by a 20-man white mob shortly after he had bailed one of the ne- groes out of jail, was quizzed yesterday for the second str:ii(?ht dav. He was able to shed little light uie siayings and reiterated ais earlier contention that he recognized none of the mobsters. No vital information was gained vesterday bv the grand jury's questioning of J. T. (Old Tom) Long, wandering gun salesman, clock this morning (Friday) owing to the coal emergency: Lirr\it of weight, first class mail and air mail, 5 Ibs. Limit of weight, parcel post/ 1 tive pounds. Parcels not to be more Lhan 18 inches long or 60 inches in length and girth combined. Exceptions to above weights and size, limits: 1. Parcels addressed to members of the armed forces and other persons served through army post offices and fleet post offices. 2. Parcels for local delivery, including local ruraj. routes. 3. 'Live day - old chicks. 4. 'Cut flowers, seeds, plants and other nursery stock. 5. Eggs, butler and other perishable f&od products normally accepted for mailing. . G. Serums, medicines, drugs, surgical instruments, dressings and hospilal supplies. 7. Shipments of money in registered mall. 8. Second class matter an mats for newspaper and magazine publications. 9. Films. Lewis. However, in Durango, Colo., 40 AFL-United Mine Workers at sis small coal mines in the area reported back to work yesterday. "We needed Christmas money," was the terse comment of the returned miners who included Frank Martinez, president of the local. Labor, including the powerful rival CIO organization which Lewis founded and then deserted, continued to rally to the support of the UMW president and his union. While CIO President Philip Murray announced plans lo join in the appeal from the fines and conviction, the Detroit-Wayne county council of the AFL disclosed it had named a committee to "study the possibility of a one-day general strike of AFL workers ,in Detroit," in sympathy with the UMW. Also in Detroit, four top officials of the CIO United Auto Workers termed government actions in the soft coal dispute "a threat to the entire American labor movement,' and declared, "the organized labor .novement will not tolerate this at tempt to turn back the clock'o orogress in labor relations." ' Ford Motor Co. beginning lay jffs-.that- may- spread "icy 500,0-Ofbau tomobile workers within a week o 10 days, idled 20,000 employes a -nidnieht last night and said 20, 000 more will be released tonigh uecause of the coal snortage. A Ford spokesman said all 90, 000 Ford workers will be out of who was queried in an effort to link some of his customers with the mob. by Government; UnionsTeamUp Washington, Dec. 6 — (/P)— An hour-long presidential cabinet meeting on the coal crisis broke up toaay with one member declaring privately: "There will be no turning back in this fight.' - ' , This sentiment was voiced as CIO : President Philip Murray ailed on all organized labor to. oin the battle against government rfforts to end tne miners' walKput >y injunction. Presiaent Truman presumably btained his cabinet's views on the pproach he should take in his unday night broadcast to the na- ion. After the cabinet meeting, tne ^resident also saw Rep. Ranaioph, Jerriocrat from a coal region of West Virginia.' With organized, labor marshaling reinforcements for John L. Lewis' •jattle through the high courts, .he United Mine Workers posted bond to cover the $3,510,000 lines mposed on them for. ignoring a court order against striiung. The union put up U. S. government bonds with a face value of $3,500,000 and Lewis posted a $10,000 cash bond to meet his personal fine. 'Both cash, and bonds were sent to a U. S. Treasury vault for: safekeeping. Presidential Secretary Charles G. Ross told reporters, as the weekly cabinet meeting convened, :hat Mr. Truman was consulting svith administration officials on the broadcast. Cabinet members would not discuss details of the hour-long con- lerence as they left the president, out Secretary of Commerce Harri- tnan told questioners: Yes the coal: situation was dis- London Source Soy Stalin is Seriously 111 Paris, Dec. 6 — (iP)— The London correspondent of the rightist Trench newspaper L'Epoque reported today that "sources in London" had "confirmed" rumors .. xes Tne coai:suuauon was uis- :rom Turkey that .boyiet Prime . cusse d-,> You'll hear about it from Minister Stalin was seriously ill. 1 -j,«'ii_it.:j^A*: o,.i,^«,, v,;«v.t •• This dispatch followed;by two ;days a London columnists'. : report : that ; "Stalin's illness" now was. the subject of daily bulletins from the Kremlin. The London Star carried Wednesday in the.' column "Star Man's Dairy," the'following item: "Russians in London today were an anxious as everybody, else . .to hear more about reports from Turkey that Stalin's illness has now taken a. dangerous course. "Embassy officials found it ra? th'er,, difficult to -'.stick to. the :: old Last Marines to Be Withdrawn From China Area Pcipin:?. Dec. 6 —(/P)— U. S. Marine Corps Headquarters today announced the last of the Leathernecks will be withdrawn from guard duty on the Peiping-Mukdcn railroad the latter half of December. The first and second battalions of the Seventh Regiment will be transferred to the west coast of of the United States. The withdrawal will leave marines in Peiping, Tientsin, Tangku and Tsingtao. Those in the "first three places will keep open the u uu , uo ,.«i -.«* »V P *l y '?Jlf ^^.n^^KS men Monday, bringing the line's work within two weeks. The Budd company, which makes automobile bodies, announced that 12,000 to 14,000 employes of its Philadelphia and Detroit plants "might be laid off if the freight embargo continues long enough," the company, with 21,000 on the payroll, reported that so far its operations are normal. Railroads also again drastically slashed payrolls with 5,000 workers furloughed in Kentucky alone, and Ohio railroad said formula about Stalin being" in the best B of heal;th. a lt .j^.now gener " accepted; even-"there"; sthat '.'tndr year-bld leader, prematurely old through the strain of the last few years, is all-'about an invalid. -It is significant that, for the benefit 01 embassy staffs, the Kremlin now issues bulletings 'about' Stalin's health. Only a few people in Lon don have been told the full con tents of them." In London, a Russian press at- tache said that after the Star col umn appeared he checked at the embassy and found no one who had spoken to a ' Star' 'represent'a tive, "We have received no bulletins on Stalin's health here, and hav =een none," this attache said. "W uiow nothing about his health;"' of Executive headquarters in. Peip- ing. Those at Tsingta arc attached to the U. S. Seventn fleet, which is training Chinese naval cadets. One Argument for the Cause of Reported 'Bad Conduct' of U.S.Troops in Germany gates and "rooters" may as bad then as now. well be As a result, a seven member committee, with Reecc as exoffi- cial chairman, scheduled a meting today to bgin ncgotialions with interested cities. At the same lime, Ihc finance committee met to discuss which sources to tap for a $900,000 budget to keep Republican headquarters rolling full steam in the non-clcc lion year of 1947. Christmas Tree Supply Looks Favorable New York,Dec. 6 — (/Pi— While some gifts to scalier about the family Christmas tree might be missing this year because of the freighl embargo which became cf- ! al 12:01 a. m.. today, the trees themselves will be in good supply, dealers predicted. The dealers explained that arrangements were made to move the Balsan trees ahead of schedule. Tne advance shipping dale will not harm the Irees which generally arc cut some months before and held for the Christmas season. Industry spokesmen also ex- By HAL BOYLE New York, Dec. 6 —(/!>)—Counsel George M. Header's once-secret report to the Senate War In- vesligaling Committee has reopened the long-standing controversy over the conduct of American occupation forces in Germany. 'i'hc report, made public by a Republican minority over objections jy the committee majority and by Secretary of War Patterson, makes serious charges of immorality, black market operations and lax law enforcement among our troops in Germany. It airs in startling summary many criticisms which have been leveled before against the American military government. Without drawing any conclusions on Ihc issues at hand I should like to report on facts I learned and opinions of the men I talked to in Germany last summer. They range from privates to generals. Let's first consider our troops and their conduct: When war ended more than 18 months ago, we had hundreds o: thousands of veteran combat sol diers. They had fought and won < rugged war. They wanted to go home — and most did. Bui during the transition iron war to occupation many men se a pa Hern for those who were tc replace them. This group cstab lished black markets, formed Mai sons with German girls, conduclei themselves generally like carpet baggers .They didn't constitute th whole army, but it was inevitabl that a big army, just through nerye-tearin war, would have then in it. Younger, less thoroughly traine groups who replaced them — no as a whole, but still in good pro portion — took up where Ihei plained lhat car loaded and accepted by station agents in northern areas by last midnight was j'.uaraulccil tinulion. predecessors had left off. Now the army, struggling to re organize itself and at the sam time govern a chaotic and defeate nation, gradually has choked dow the black market by introducin currency books which strictly Jim the amount soldiers can sen home. The ...... . , ... .si/.c now lliul 1 knew aboul within whether they like to or not. c army itself last summer the trading by individual sol- _ers of their cigarcls and extra or tolen army food to German civi- ans. This enables the enlisted •urn to get cheap liquor and speeds is courtships. It enables the of- cer lo buy furniture and home distress' ecoralions at German ales. "The only way to stop this black larket," many officers and men ave told me, "is to make cigarets nd food so plentiful in Germany icy will have no extra value.' ' That is not in immediate pros- lecl. A curb that has been sug- eslcd, however, would be to limit lie mailing of cigarets or food to American Army men and Amen- an civilians in Germany who use hem chiefly for re-sale. The youth and inexperience of _rmy replacements has been of ;rave concern to army commanders. Many lack the stability to <eep from going astray. "I believe that if the average soldier was in an older age bracket we would be able to do more than we are noow doing," said Major General Frank A. Keating, chief of he Berlin garrison. Soldiers agree that many among .hem are promiscuous with German girls. It should be pointed out, on the other hand, that in a high percentage of cases the girl is the aggressor. An American soldier is a real catch now in impoverished Germany — even on a temporary basis. And Hitler taught the frauliens not to hold their vir- total idle to 7,121. New York Central which has more than 3,500 workers already idle, said it will begin to lay off employes "in tne thousands," beginning next week. The New York, New Haven and Hartford railroad planned to furlough 1,500 workers Monday. The Union Pacific railroad laid off 2,660 employes. The Knoxville, the Southern railroad laid off 800 men and the Louisville and Nashville railroad, 200. In nearby coal yards, 120 men were thrown out of work because there was no coal to handle. A fabricating division of aluminum company of America in Knoxville said it probably would close nexl Wednesday, idling 5,000 workers. General electric laid off anothei 1,200 workers at its Schenectady N. Y. plant last night to bring the unemployment total there to 3,000 GE's Erie Pa., plant, which em ployes 13,000 workers on half of the cily's working population, wil close within two weeks because of Continued on Vase Two o State Vets to Map'Rights 7 for Arkansas Little Rock, Dec. 6 — (IP)— A G.I. Bill of Rights for Arkansas' war veterans will be drafted at a meet- Says Veterans BitterOver Benefits Washington, Dec. 6 —W>— A fed oral czat of veterans affaris wa proposed today In a War Depar ment report which said man former servicemen are bitter ove net results of the G.I. Bill of Right., and other legislation for their benefit. Lt. Col. Winlhrop Rockefeller said a top level coordinator empowered to "cut red tape and act" is needed. He reported on a six months survey which he said showed both the federal government and local communities are "confused" for lack of a "master plan" for dealing with veterans problems. Rockefeller made no criticism of Gen. Omar N. Bradley, veterans administrator, or the Veterans Administration whose record of accomplishment he termed "spectacular." The survey was undertaken at the request of Secretary of War Patterson who endorsed the report. A single official is needed, Rockefeller advised, to coordinate the work of more than fifteen federal agencies, including the Vst- erans Administration, which deal directly or indirectly with the vet- .—., night.' ill speak over all ajo'rfnetworks at"8:3U -p.-'-m. CS;T unday. ,; '. ;,.:- •',"-'.•'•• -. "•'• • ' Other -cabinet-"members told re- orters that- the coal crisis occu- ied virtually all of the discus- , .on. ' ..-.••' Secretary of the Navy Forrestal aid the: situa.tiori, at Naval Coaling ta'tiohs' overseas -is "critical.". k One cabinet/ .member ; who . de- lined to be iqudte'd said: ,, •"There" will be no turning back . in,this..fight."-i .-..,', -,•;.,'.- , , Actu.ral iwritirig; - of- the speech,. Ross saidj has not .yet begun. ', ,CIO • Preaident'Mtirray. formally^ ing here Sunday of representatives i erans. of the three leading veterans or- Urging prompt 'drastic action _„.• j : T3r-\nl.rnfr\lliif i*Otinvi«H 4V^af ''in CVllt tue very high. Army leaders are fighting the venereal disease rate by pulling troops in barracks, allowing only approved German girls at social functions, and placing cafes "off limils." The German •weapon they want and lack is the old power to discipline soldier victims of venereal disease via the guardhouse and paycheck deductions. As to immorality among higher officers, vou hear gossip but see little evidence. And as one junior officer observed: 'Their wives are here now. and black market uf ai Ihe big boys have lo slay in-line— ganizations. The American Legion, the Veterans of Foreign Wars and the American Veterans of World War II will be represented by their respective commanders and legislative cornmitteemen, State VFW Commander Bob Ed Lofton, Fort Smith, has announced. A veterans bonus or pension will net be sought, Lofton said, but "re- habililalion and education" advantages will be sought. An Arkansas department of veterans affairs with headquaters in the War Memorial building, Litlle Rock, would be crealcd and would receive $10,000 under the proposed G. I. bill, the VFW head said. Tliis department would operate under a stale board composed of two represenlatives from each veterans group and the governor as chairman. The proposed bill also would exempt veterans from certain licenses, fees and taxes and abolish veterans services now functioning in the slate. Ex-servicemen also would bo given jirnfrri-ni-f in «.'in- Rockefeller reported that "in spite of the fact that an important majority of veterans have accomplished reintegralion into the community, disillusionment is ram pant, and unemployment and un der-employmeiH have reached distressing proportions." , Aside from appointment of a top- level coordinator, he recommended: 1. Creation of a citizens' group to conduct a far-reaching employment drive "designed to correct injustices and hardships that have been the lot of far too many deserving men." 2. Slcps to amend the administrative legislation of certain portions of the G.I. Bill of nights •whiccuh 'rret npldyleonsvoieodr "which currently does not provide tor either effective or efficient op- . dependent railway brotherhoo'ds'W oin the CIO. in "unified action" b combat what he called a "delib- , erate and monstrous movement" ,o cripole labor. .. . . In a letter 'directed to AFL President .William Green and to leaders of the railway workers, .the CIO chief declared the federal court in- lunction against John L. Lewis and the "vengeful fine" of $3,510,)00 upon the mine, workers is the first step in a campaign of "hysteria" against labor. Murray said yesterday the CIO would Join Lewis's AFL Mine Workers in appealing the contempt [ines, levied against them for ignoring a federal court order to end the strike. In his letter released today, Murray wrote ^ The stage is set for the 80th Congress to be met by national hysteria deliberately fermented and inspired. "It is my sincere conviction that we, the leaders of our respective organizations,, must in the interest of our nation and out democratic institutions arise above any petty- or personal quarrels to assure the successful completion of such a (labor unity) .program." In addition to Green, the letter went to President A. F. Whitney of the brotherhood of railroad trainmen and chairman T. C, Cashen of the Railway Labor Ex> ecutive's Association. At the White House, Ross told reporters there was no comment on Green's suggestion of yesterday that the government "make a new approach" to the situation t>v calling ail operator-UMW conference. He ' said the suggestion had not come to the White House in an official way. In today's letter, Murray urged that the leaders of AFL, CIO, and (he Railway Labor Executives Association meet "as quickly as possible" to devise a common program of economic and legislative measures. In a series of denunciatory statements, union leaders of all camps turned pressure on the Truman administration to back away from Dressing the legal action which has brought fines of $3,500,000 to the United Mine Workers and $10,000 on John L. Lewis, the miners' ada- ment cmeftain. *, Ola enmities were put aside in the common cause of supporting Lewis' stand that U. S. District Judge' T. Alan Goldsborough had no lawful right to order the miners fes work stoppage ended. H was Lewis' disregard for the order which brought him the fine for Philip Murray, contempt. CIO President brushing off a long-time bitter feud-with Lewis, announced he would :0in the UMW in" appealing Golds- aorough's rulings to the Supreme. eration." 3. Active support of organizations devoted to study and solution of problems involving racial prejudice and discrimination, along with "wise, tempered leadership" by wartime military .leaders of efforts court. AFL called President William the government's Green, course "applying the rule of the jungle." Railway labor executives, through their ass9ciatiop.. already had spoken out similarly. Top officials of Ihc CIO United Aulomobile Workers •— biggest union of them all—declared flatly : "The organized labor movement will not tolerate this attempt to turn back the clock of progress in labor relations." . If this verbal assault was making any impression on President Truman and those helping him map slralegy, there was no sign of it anywhere. u> provenl injustices due to cvlov. Conlinued on Page Two

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