A-/'!*. I H'-i.. —j ,**•*--.-.* . --, y- .-. HOPE STAR, HOP I, ARKANSAS Tuesday, November 26,1946 ILES Hurt Like i! But Now I Grin „ chance groans to jrrlns. Use won- formula to relieve discomfort ^l^C^fl'ttfs^S " -te^^feS?^ Get tube Thornton A eu woca Ointment or Rectal Sup., Kbfl«s today. Follow label direction*, good drug stores every-. Lin Hope, at Gibson Drug. Government Made Lewis What He Is By LYLE C. WILSON Washington, Nov. 25-(UP)—The United States government made John L. Lewis what he is today, a labor leader with millions of dollars in his war chest and power Jn his fist to stop industry dead. TIGHT, ACHING MUSCLES ARE MX SPECIALTY! Up to April 26, 1933, Lewis was the leader of a badly bent, if not justed, union, whose members worked in the nation's sickest industry. Lewis and the United Mine Workers of America made an extraordinary recovery under the New Deal. On April 26 thirteen years ago, Congress passed and Franklin D. Roosevelt subsequently signed the National Industrial Recovery Act. Us famous Section 7-A made Lewis. Section 7-A guaranteed him the right to organize the mines. Since then he has extended the union shop to every coal mine m the Poor little chest muscles all sore and "achey" from hard Coughing? Quick, Mentholatum! Rub it on back, chest, neck. Your child will like that warm, gently stimulating action! Mentholatum helps lessen congestion without irritating child's delicate norma okin. At same time comforting vapors get down into irritated bronchial tubes, lessen coughing. e 1348. The Meotholatom Co. 50 YEARS TO COMFORT COLDS! shop to every coal mine in me (United States barring only a few mid-western pits. Since then, Lewis himself has moved to Washington from Indianapolis, Ind. Since then the United Vline Workers have acquired then- all and handsome office building jverlooking McPherson Square in he capitol's financial and ritzy hotel district. Since then Lewis has oecome the. most powerful labor eader in the United States. The National Industrial Recovery Act not only guaranteed labor's tight to organize, but permitted industry agreements ' ior minimum coal prices and specified fair competitive practices. It was declared unconstitutional clur- ng the mighty contest between the Roosevelt New Deal and the old Supreme Court. But collective bargaining and Lewis' iron hand on the union and the pits were never weakened. They were assured ultimately by the National Labor Relations Act, passed later in the Roosevelt administration. •. When Franklin D. Roosevelt came along in 1932 to pick Lewis up from the floor, the United Mine Workers had perhaps 125,000 members compared with 485,000 ten years earlier. The coal industry itself was no sicker than the treasury of Lewis' union. The years from 1927 to 1933 had been times of struggle among the operators for markets. There were wage cuts, price wars and bitter contests within the union. Production and | employment both were down. When depression hit the rest ot the country in 1930, it already had been crushing Ihe mining Jndustry for quite some time. Under the National Industrial Recovery Act s labor, and industrial guarantees, Lewis in 1933 obtained a 29 per cent hike in wages for his miners. He has been getting more ever since. ' . It was about then, too, that ne came here to live, a great, imposing figure oC a man who soon was and for long continued to be n social lion much sought by hostesses to lend charm and distinction to their parties. Where John L. Lewis sat was pretty sure to be the head of the table, or mighty close to it. He was reckoned one of the best conversationalists in town. Lewis' union boomed with his own growing importance. Three years after the administration gave him that priceless guarantee to organize, Lewis was able to give and lend nearly half a million dollars to FDR's second presidential campaign Bv April 1, 1937 he had established the principle of time and one half for overtime in the mines. By 1940 his United Mine Workers could report 600,000; members. So well were things going for Lewis that with UMW funds.. he undertook in 1935 to set up a new type of union. In 193G he ioj'mally organized what since has become the Congress of Industrial Organizations. Lewis bolted the American Federation of Labor to accomplish that feat. ' . Soon after that he bolted his friend, FDR, too. In 1940 he resigned the presidency of the CIO when its members resolutely refused to vote for the late Wendell L. Wilkie and against Mr. Roosevelt for a third term. Now Lewis s back in the AFL again, and raoidly is rising lo dominance in it. Lewis won further concessions from the operators in the spring of 1941 On the eve ot Pearl Harbor. Lewis won a long coal strike to ex- lend tne union shop into the so- called captive southern coal mines owned by steel companies. That dispute actually was settled on Doc. 7, 1941 about the lime the Japanese hit Hawaii. There arc about 250,000 churches in the United States, affiliated with more than 250 dcnomina tions. On Sale Wednesday at LADIES SPECIALTY SHOP Baticsy Raised TURKEYS Fully Dressed and Drawn Order Now for Thanksgiving or Christmas Langley's Frozen Food Locker Phone 48 .. Prescott, Ark. William R. Herndon Photographer Second floor First National Bank Phone 493 Christmas Special 8x10 Sepia Portrait and One Dozen Personalized Christmas Cards (from your choice of 4 negatives) For $A f\t\ Only ^.UU Additional Cards $3.00 Doz. OF Specially Priced Groups DRESSES FOR Thanksgiving Wear — At Unusual Savings This is N-E-W-S .... . Fine Wool Jersey and Crepe Dresses, in specially priced groups that means important savings. It's an excellent opportunity to buy you a new dress for Thanksgiving and the Christmas Festivities Come in Wednesday! 'DRESSES ORIGINALLY 19.98 and 22.50 now $10 and $15 Extra Special Just Received B-I-G Shipment of Maiden Form Brassieres V") 0 Tire News For ar Owners! We must make room for our Christmas merchandise therefore we are offering you these real End Of the Month values. SHop early for the best selections. CLOSE-OUT „. Ladies and Girls RAINCOATS! A VALUE. . 1.00] •BBB LADIES FALL GOATS • - Buy Now Before Cold Weather SHORTIES REGULARS ^•BB .„ SPECIAL PURCHASE : MEN'S KHAKI PANTS 29 to 42 1 -J-J TAN ONLY . . . 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Ib. 64c SPECIAL PURCHASE — 70x80 Single Cotton BLANKETS 1.53 CLOSE OUT — MEN'S COTTON FLANNEL SHIRTS..U <^" Quiet Running of straight, free-rolling ribs QvUkrStopping safety of 'action-trajstipri Safer extra mileage of . more natural rubber Blowout protecTion of extra carcass strength COSTS MORE V'.•* WORTH MORE DEPEND ON YOUR GENERAL TIRS HEADQUARTERS FOR THE BEST IN NEW TIR« .,. TIRE SERVICE .. . QUALITY RECAPPING,..BATTERIES.,.ACCESSORIES...LOW COST EASY TIME PAYMENT PLAN. COME IN TODAY AND SEE HOW COMPLETELY WE AR| SET UP TO SERVE YOU. CLOSE OUT — 1 ONLY LARGE SIZE MVY a *wv»«v<si3 • ^7^* vv ; ' v ^, " o f*r\ TOPCOATS-SUITS I Wordrobe Closet... Z.OU CLOSE OUT — SPECIAL RACK Dresses Reduced TOR CO CHARLES Third ond Walnut ARCH Hope/ Arkansas Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair this afternon, to night and Thursday; colder iii extreme east; lowest temperatures tonight 28 to 34 in north portion tonight ; continued cool Thursday. 48TH YEAR: VOL. 48—NO. 39 Star of HOM. 18$9: Press. 1927 Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1946 IAP)—Weans Associated Prwl iNEA)—Menns Newsoaoer Enttrnrite Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY •Alex. H. Wachburn- Thonksgiving Wo Have Reason for It America observes Thanksgiving ^Thursday, the traditional reason w beiiiR that we set aside this day for IhatiKs to the pioneers who made our early beginnings in the wilderness—and tlumKs to God tor seeing their work through to the building 01 a mighty nation. But today we have a special reason lor giving thanks. Not merely that the war is over and we won a great victory—out thanl.s for an even greater manifestation ol! the destiny trial guides a nation. What we should give-, special ^thanks for today is thai among the ••fathering troubles ol the postwar period w have lost our shoulder of arrogance and recovered a befitting opcn-mindedncss and humility 01 spirit. Without humility no nation long remains cither loved by its neifin- bors or respected thioughout me world. The temptation to DO COCK- sure and arrogant has been sore indeed with our country's access to world-encircling wealtn ana power. There were times when we, too, were on the verge of believing guns (.settled all scores abroad, and ma- ArmitageResigns .parities home. settled all questions at Today our people arc struck by the thought that unless a thing be justly dealt with there is no end of trouble at home and no end ol war abroad. A doubtful America is a sign for thanksgiving enough. The nation that, at the peak ot power and success, is willing to Look :n its own heart will go far indeed. BY JAMES THRASHER *( The Fruit of Concerted Effort Th^cu$Qrnt(iy Thanksgiving edi- loriafds^ipol an easy assignmcnl this year. One cannot put down the usual phrases about a nation lilting up its th%nklul heart" without a sense'pf joupnalistic inaccuracy. Thankfulhess JfapUeb a cerlain amount ol'^contehtmcnt and humble- Local Chamber Charles A. Armitagc, secretary of the Hope Chamber of Commerce last night tendered his resignation effective December 15, at a meeting of the board of directors. Mr. Armitagc has served as secretary of the local chamber since February 16, Ihis year. He accepted the position following closure of the Proving Ground where he served as technical advisor to the commanding officer since July 1941. Under his direclion as secretary the Chamber has succeeded in bringing Shanhouse and Co., garment manufacturers, to Hope. Mr. Armitagc was instrumental in launching the Hcmpstcad pasture program designed to promote livestock production, which is rapidly becoming one of the county's major industries. The organization also had a key part in making the Third District Livestock Show here one of the most successful cvci held in Southwest Arkansas. Mr. Annitagc's resignation follow ed acceptance of a position as as sislant to the president of Rich Aire Inc., manufacturers of Corsi cana, Texas. The local chamber took no ac lion on his resignation. The groui will meet next week to elect of fleers for the new board of direct ors. The new board will assunv duties December 13. —o Bobcats-Zebra Football Clash Highlights Thanksgiving Day Program in Hope Highlighting the Thanksgiving Holiday will be the annual meeting f the Hope Bobcats and Pine Bluff Zebras at the High School tadium at 2 p. m. tomorrow. Little activity is planned clse- jvhcrc in the city. All downtown lores and business houses will be closed, including the two banks ind the local Poslofficc. The posl- Dfficc will dispatch and place mail n the boxes as usual. There will oc no delivery service. The Star will observe one of its three yearly holidays by suspcnd- ng publication. The newspaper al- \vays observes Thanksgiving, Christmas and July 4. Superintendent James H. Jones announced that all Hope Public Schools will be closed Thursday and Friday and work will be resumed on Monday. The biggest event of the day besides a turkey dinner will be the Bobcal-7,ebra clash. A victory would give the locals their firs! win over a Pine Bluff team although the games have been close most of the way. The visitors have had one of their most unsuccessful seasons -while •lope boasts one of its best with 9 wins against 2 losses so far. Pine Bluff has lost to Camdcn, Fordyce and Hot Springs, all decisively defeated by Ihe Bobcats. Regardless of the record the local Coaches Dildy and Toltetl and the team have plenty of respect for Pine Bluff's football ability. The game offers the Zebras an opportunity to knock off the third team in District One and particially make up for their past record. Hope knows they are capable of doing just that. So despite the dope local fans probably will see one of the best games of the scasori. Too it will be the last appearance in high school play for many of the Bobcats. • Officiating tomorrow will be Referee; Guy R.ceves of Hcndrix, Umpire; Archie Cothren of Arkansas Headlincsman; Earl O'Neal of Arkansas and Field Judge; Teddy Jones of Ouachita. ness. And whi that those woi cription of ow day? The cmotioi Vounlry gice 1 'year ago see; remote. Irtet great nurnbT lougiit it we: families. The/*; then, and : '.<cjslic Iroub ever-isincc • "..^ . r-:*u. . truthfully say an apt des- nal feeling to- Ihis jsgiving a an 365 days yon, and a ..who had United wilh their shorlages Sing ot the dom- Jhave plagued us ere must Judo in have many Idly absent now. hg Day finds us a jscontent and bit- risen to a point I to deny them. It Iflanl.fopd an< nforls th'an grac- tar ago. But even lundancc and the te'Fl whore 1 rinds-ii more mal cd our hd%,,. the increasec. added comfort seem an accidental outcome of wrangling and bungling which consume a distressing a- mounl of America's lime and attention. For some perverse reason it lakes war, that most brutally stupid of human activities, to call forth the highest moral qualities of a people. That sobering fact was never more clearly evidenced than in Me war just past. Americans united to produce and fight, forgetful of self and of differences. From balllcfield and ship, from faclory and farm, came abundant proof of the kindliness and brolherhood of which Ihc American people are capable. Today, unhappily, those same people arc doing much lo dishonor the victory which their united good will achieved. Selfishness, curbed for so long by nobler qualities, has burst its bonds and taken com• mand. The lines of economic and - 'social battle appear to be drawn up and ready for a senseless fight which none can win and which, unless halted, can only succeed in delaying and perhaps destroying the common good which all in their right minds know wo must achieve. Today wo might do well to think seriously about the origin and Ira- dition of Ihis holiday. The firsl Thanksgiving day was celebrated by a group of men and women acutely aware of the fact thai God helps Ihoso who help themselves. .The feast that da,y was the fruit of a concerted efforl without which the feaslors would have perished. And the feast was a pause, not a truce. The next day Ihose men and women resumed their Farm Group Favors School Consolidations Little Rock, Nov. 27—(fl>)—Resolutions advocationg further consolidation of Arkansas' rural school districts, balancing pf the federal budget and restoration of federal funds for flood control work were adopted by the Arkansas Farm Bureau Federation at the 12th annual convention which close'd last night. The proposals were among a number approved by the federation at its concluding business session. Earl A. Smith of Detroit, 111., former president of the Illinois Agricultural Association, told the farm bureau members in a banquet address that revision of the nation's laws and policies for .a "true economic balance between .Industry, labor and agriculture',' is icees'ifary-18' prevent any group from having an unfair advantage The stale body authorized its board of directors to organize a 'ire and casualty insurance company for members and opposed any tax tor highway purposes not derived in some manner from high- Probable Starting Line-Up No. 48 54 53 32 46 52 39 33 44 31 43 Pos. Name LE Sparke, 152 LT .... Williams, 163 ...LG Wheeler, 140 C Jones, 164 RG Wright, 160 .RT Jehlen, 162 ...RE Smith, 153 Name Walker, 155 .... Smith, 234 Morton (C), 187. Ray, 140 Milam, 161 Garrett, 187 Huddleston, 155 Mullins, 146 QB Stauffer, 151 Bell 167 RHB Boatwell, 139 Sutton,142 LHB Stark, 162 Wells, 165 FB Nutr, 169 No. 7. 31 12 21 23 28 25 5 14 15 30 Hope Team 167 Line 174 Backfield 155 Averages Pine Bluff Team 156 Line 156 Backs 155 way use. Stands of the American Farm Bureau Federation for revision of minimum wage laws and repeal of tlie closed shop and check-off provisions of the wage and hour act were adopted. The federation re-elected these officers: President R. E. Short of Brinkley, Vice President Joe C. Hardin of Grady, Secretary-Treasurer Clifford L. Smith of Faycllevillc aiid Executive Secretary Waldo Frazier of Little Rock. W. R. Willis of Black Oak and T. C. Hcurer of Harrison were named to the bo.-ird of directors. concerted effort, for peril still remained. the common President to Attend Army, Navy Game Washington, Nov. 26 —(/I 1 )—President Truman is going to Philadelphia Saturday lo allend Ihc Army- Navy foolball game. The White House said today Mr. Truman and .members of his staff will leave by special train over the Pennsylvania railroad al 3:50 a.m. (EST) V and arrive at a siding near the municipal stadium at 11:35 a. m. The president will be accom- 'panied by Mrs. Truman. The party will return lo Washington immediately after the game, planning to be back in the capital at 6:15 p. m. The president will sit first on the Navy and tnen on the Army side, changing his position between halves. It will be his third football game this season. He saw the Army beat Oklahoma in September and the Navy lose to Penn Stale Novem..» ber 16. Presidential Secretary Charles G. Ross said no formal White House Thanksgiving plans have been made, but that he thought Mr. Truman would have his turkey dinner at the White House Thursday. The president and Mrs. Truman will hold a diplomatic dinner at the White House tonight, the first ol' M post-war series of /'urinal af- lairs. Cold Weather General on Turkey Day By the Associated Press There was rain, snow and subfreezing and below zero temperatures on today's weather map but fair weather and plenty of sunshine for mosl of the nation was forecast for Thanksgiving Day. A new mass of cold air from Canada spread through the northern plains states and upper Mississippi Valley today and tempera- lures dropped to below zero in Northern Minnesota. Four to eight inches of new snow had fallen in South Dakota and spread rapidly eastward across Minnesota and northern Iowa into Wisconsin. The rain area which exlcndcd through the Ohio and lower Mississippi valleys yesterday, moved eastward and vain was reported falling from Maine to Georgia, with temperatures dropping as much as 20 degrees in some sec- Labor Unit Request Is Rejected Little Rock, Nov, 27 — revised Labor Department budget hiking its request from (an original $32,630 to $51,300 was rejected summarily by the pro-session legislative joint budget committee today and the original request was granted with a $400 increase. The increase was proposed by tlep. Max Howell, Pulaski county .o raise the salary of Deputy Commissioner S. P. Dixon from $3,600 10 $4,000 annually. . The original request compared •vith $29,750 now being drawn by the department. The revised request called for an increase of the $4,800 salary of Commissioner M.E. Goss to $5,400 and lour new •em- ployes including an additional deputy commissioner. Rep. Ed Cash, Hot Spring Bounty, asked Goss what urgency required revision of the original oudgct and the commissioner vc- plied that the first proposal was submitled while he "was out of town." The revised budget was submitted yesterday afternoon. The requests of the Confederate Home, comptroller's office, slate purchasing agent and teachers re tiremenl system still remained to be disposed of before the commit tee started its Thanksgiving week end recess at noon. A major ilem in the complrol 'Missing Link' Sought By Scientists Washington, Nov. 27 —(#)—Archaeologists are racing .to uncover a "missing link" in the human race before a huge postwar dam building program inundates much Slavs Sending More Troops to Greek Border By L. S. CHAKALES Athens, Nov. 27 — (/?)— The foreign ministry announced today the Yugoslav government had informed the Greek minister in Belgrade that Yugoslavia was strengthening her forces along the frontier because large numbers of Greeks were "seeking refuge i'rom terror" in northern Greece. The announcement concided with dispatches from Salonika which said a new battle had broken out in Macedonia. Greek Third Army headquarters said 600 members of a "Communist" band 'rom newly established leftist headquarters on Mount Jena had occupied the villages of Mavron and Mandhalon, 10 miles northeast of Edessa. This action was from 20 to 25 miles southwest of the scene of recent clashes on the Skra-Notia moved in from Edess aand planes front, not far from the Yugoslav border. Reinforcements were being were thrown Into the mounting battle, the army said. '. Associated Press Correspondents Jpseph C. Goodwin reported £rom Salonika that the partisans controlled both Mavron and Mahdaha Ion after an all day fight, and that v lhe fate of two Greek platoons in Mavron was unknown. Other press dispatches in Ath- i'ens said some armed villagers resisting the attack were mistaken | for 'iguerrillas and machinegunned by Greek fighter planes. Goodwin reported that an army motorized column including artil lery was seen yesterday moving on the area of Tecrai (Seres) where the army reported nw at tacks by 'guerillas. The Athens government has charged the guerrillas are being reinforced and supplied from Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Albania. Premier Constantin Tsaldaris has announced his intention of putting the complaint before the United Nations in New York. '(Dispatches from Istanbul 10 days a_go quoted a highly qualified source as saying Yugoslavia had .it least 11 divisions concentrated along the Greek frontier and that Russian staff officers made fre qvient inspections.) 'Con' Men Are Sought in Memphis Area Memphis, Tenn., Nov .27—(UP) —Police today sought two smooth confidence men who relieved George Karkatsugas, 56-year old sandwich shop operator, of $17,000 through the ancient "pidgeon-drop ping hoax." One of the men struck up an acquaintance with Karkatsugas and steered him into a "chance" meeting wilh his accomplice. The conversation turned to charity and the conficence men agreed to contribute $36,000 and $20,000 to a worthy cause. Not to be outdone Lewis, Union Go On Trial for Contempt The money was placed in a metal box and given to Karkatsugas for safekeeping Until the proper chairty had been accepted. 3ut when Karkatsugas opened the he found only waste iox later, aper. The two philanthropists and his 17,000 were gone. Washington, Nov. 27 — (/F)— Fed-^ eral Judge T. Alan Goldsborough said today John L. Lewis and his mine workers "are guilty of con- temnt of court" if it is proved legally they disregarded his order against a coal mine woalkout. In those words, Goldsborough indicated that his decision in the contempt case against Lewis and his miners would not be influenced by the union's claim that the stop- strike order violated the Norris- LaGuardia anti-injunction act. Regardless of whether or not the Norris-LaGuardia act applies in the soft coal case, Goldsborough By J. ROBERT SHUBEPJT Pittsburgh, Nov. 27 — (UP) Pipeline Use Up to Head of Pennsylvania By MARTIN H. BRACKBILL Harrisburg, Va., Nov. 27 —(/Pi- Pennsylvania's state government held the key today to whether the federally owned $143,000,000 Big and Little inch pipelines can be used to bring natural gas to the eastern seaboard in the present soft coal strike. The governor's office said a check of the land easmeents given by Ih6 state when the lines were constructed showed many of them said, no one can disobey a restrain ing order. "If that could be done we would I CoaY'shortages "resulting from the have anarchy," the judge com- bituminous miners strike forced mented. drastic new cuts today in produc- "If the defendants disregarded tion of -basic steel, increasing the the restraining order, then they threat of early 'unemployment for, are guilty of contempt of court hundreds of thousands of workers whether the Norris-LaGuardia act j n steel-dependent industries. ap ?i!^ s or - dot u^ not al ?P ly ' • • • Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corp. an"That^in this courts opinion, is nounce <j closing of more than half the law. . of its open hearth steel furnaces, Lewis, who sat stony-faced with ^ the pf ttsb urgh district .The com- his attorneys, .and the UMW so fai „ la t subsidiary of u. S . have made no attempt to show that steel disclosed it already had lost they tried to obey the nudge s re- 11145 tohs production in ingot straining order of Nov. 18, which ( > ste el as - a result of the instructed the UMW chief to with- United Mine Workers walkout. e roome been taken up with arguments of been furloughed m the steel m- hree Lewis lawyers seeking to ' win dustry, alone; and the effects of the use to petroleum definitely require a ler's proposed annual budget o $215,000 was the request for $5,OOC to pay the salary of an "instilu tional supervisor." Comptroller John J. Truempe said that Governor Laney wanted the new job crcalcd and that h had requested a man "well vcrsec in farming" who would corrclal the work of Ihc various slate ir slituUons and serve as a"liaison' officer between the instilulions aiv the governor's office. lions. Mild weather continued in Ihc exlreme southeastern part of the county. Federal forecasters in Chicago said the holiday weather in the Pacific northwest and the northern Rocky Mountain section will be generally cloudy and there will be intermittent rains in the Pacific northwest and some snow in the mountain areas as far east as Wyoming and Montana. Although forecasters said temperatures tomorrow \yill be about normal in most sections, colder weather was predicted in the central and northern plains slates, the Great Lakes region and most of the Ohio valley. Partly cloudy and "rather cold" weather was forecast for the northern New England area. The committee voted to jirepare next week a statement of its policy on granting salary ov other budget increases in departments which have earmarked revenues not included in the general revenue fund. The commillee approved these annual budgets: insurance department, $45,100; stale historian's department $9,420; American Legion Children's Welfare Committee, $5,000; Veterans Service Bureau, !$24,000: territorial capilol restoration, $4,000; Cosmetic Therapy Board, $19,820; Land Use Committee, $15,850. be prevented for all time 'irom dig" ng at those sites for traces of hu- nan culture they believe may have xistcd on this continent before the olsom man, 10,000 years ago, and or additional prieces in the Indian- olsom man iigsaw puzzle. These night identify the Folsom man as ^ he ancestor of the Indian. So Smithsonian Institulion scine- ists are surveying areas near proposed dams and are hastening to ixcavatc Ihcm before dam con- truclion slarts Last summer about one-sixth of the United States, mostly in the Missouri River Valey, was covered and 170 sites verc marked near 105 proposed dams. The digging will get underway icxt spring as soon as frost is ou of the ground. Dr. Frank H. M. Roberts, Jr., assistant chief of the Smithsonian's Bureau of American Ethnology, said in an interview today thai the magnitude of the American excavations will exceed in area covered even the gigantic archaeological project thai the Egyptian government undertook in the upper Nile before the Aswan dam was con- slrucled. Dr. Roberts said there is ar archaeological "blank" of abou 7,000 years in America. This is the period between the Folsom man who lived 10,000 years ago at the end of an ice age, and the ancestors of the modern American Indian about 3,000 years ago. Bui scientists believe the Folson man and Indian are related and they hope to find evidence of thi human "link" in the debris of oli amp sites. Dr. Waldo R. Wedel of the slat f the U. S. National Museum trav lied 13,000 miles last summer t lark the 170 digging sites in th Missouri Valley. He surveyed site cattercd over 530,000 miles in 1 tales. Midwestern field offices hav icon established at the Universil )f Nebraska under Paul L. Coopc vilh Roberl B. Gumming, Jr., liargc of a field laboralory. Top priority for archaeplogict Sought After Girl Disappears Crawsfordsville, Ind., Nov. 27 — (#>)—Police Chief Fred Grimes said loday lhat about four hours after 6-year-old Virginia Yelton disap- oeared from a school here yesterday the .child's paternal grand- mqther requested that Virginia's clothing be sent to her father in Key West, Fla. Grimes said Mrs. Carroll Beeson, the little girl's aunt, received long distance tele- limited their products. It would change in the permits before they could be used for gas," a spokesman' said. Administration officials however were reluctant to discuss what action woulld be taken should a request come from the federal government for changes in the easements. No applications have been received so far. Protests against the ch&nge were made several months ago by rep resehtatives of the -United Mine Wqrkers union, the anthracite and bituminous industries and Pennsyl yania ' ........... . "No emergency"c6nditioire ' ex isted or were contemplated when the protests were made," ex 19-^n n m fF'iTt ind cleared he ro 3 o°m P -The whole' morn ing 3 hid , . More,than 50 000 workers have hree Lewis lawyers seeking , dismissal of the contempt action, strike were .spreadmg^rapidly Prior to the recess, Joseph Pad- 1 Foundries at Fremont, O,, and wavceneral counsel of the AFL Erie,- Pa.,,'. suspended because of. a 'demonstration of Pig iron and- coal- shortages. The r/L so Parity behhd'LewisTdis: great Western Sugar Co. reported agreed with Goldsborough's analy-Ut will be forced to close four beet ci= nfihn law PaHwav told the processing^plants this week end. court tha^Lewis' attorneys had ad- Approximately 10.000 railroad vised the mine worker's chief that workers have been laid off. . he was within his rights in disre- With the steel furnaces closing, garding the restraining order. finishing millesi also Were begm- The justice drew a laugh when nmg to .close. Carnegie-Illinois an- hp remarked drvlv nounced closing of i.ts bar mill at "ThT cemetery^ is full of people Vandergrift, Pa tonigKt. National *,;, " ™t tv, 0 Hnntnr's a rivi£." I Tube Co. has closed a pipe mill at who took the doctor's advice. At another point, Goldsborough McKeesport, Pa. and I Youngstown remarked that Lewis and"; the United Mine Workers made -a' very rod plained Floyd Chalfant, state com- borough said: merce secretary arid chairman of great 'mistake" in walking out before the courts ruled oh their contract-dispute ; withvthe.-. government. " Interrupting •' opening arguments for dismissal of a contempt of court citation against Lewis, Golds- Sheet - & • Tube • shut? down i*s In the Youngstown, O., steel center, 20',000 workers were expected" the anthracite committee; set up by the state to handle anthracite problems. The anthracite committee will meet Monday in Potts'ville and one source expected the entire question to be aired in light of the soft coal dispute. , D. L. Corgan, committee secretary, said-"the coal inrl.ustry. th° miners and the railroads should Star Will Observe Holiday Thursday There will be no edition of The Slar Thursday, Ihe office remaining closed, all day in observance of Thanksgiving. The newspaper suspends for three holidays: Fourth of July, Thanksgiving, and Christmas. 24 Armed Japs Finally Surrender in Philippines Manila, Nov. 27 —(/P)—Twenty-four, armed Japanese soldiers who claimed they did not know the war was over surrendered without resistance Nov. 19 to Filipino military police on Pandananan island in the southwestern Philippines, it w.'is announced today. Two captured Japanese officers from a Manila prisoner of war camp appealed to Ihc stragglers by loud speaker. One of them finally negolialcd the surrender. The stragglers had four mortars, two automatic rifles, various smull urivis, bayonets anil a large amount of ammunition. phone call. Mrs. Beeson is a sis- .er of Virginia's mother. The child lad been living at the Beeson lome. Her parents are separated. Officers were informed Virginia eft school at recess time yester- ay and entered an automobile riven by a man who had been ,aking pictures at the school. Grimes said a John Doe warrant charging kidnaping had been ssued for the man. He explained, lowever, that the child is not a court ward and that no action could be taken against the father should she be found with him. The girl came here three months ago. Her mother, Mrs. Charles Yelton, lives in Paragould, Ark. 101 uu puiuui^eu yvL uiaiicni.ij Because of the present situation." "There was no talk oi changing to plastics or some other metals when we had a steel strike," he added, stating use of the pipelines for gas on a permanent basis would be a disastrous blow to Pennsylvania's economy and would throw thousands out of jobs. Easements for the pipelines across forests, state game lands, highways, rivers and other stale property were granted by the state government as a war measure and some limit the use of the pipelines to petroleum and petroleum products and others are only for the war's duration. Apparently the Customers Have Been Giving This Butcher a Bad Time New York, Nov. 27— I/PI Old Billy was a jockey-sized one-legged butcher. He liked everything about the mea), business except one thing — customers. "If it wasn't for the customers, I wouldn't expect pay," he said. "They ruin the work." Not that old Billy ever overworked. He had a gypsy foot— one — and he never stayed long in a place. He would work a few days or weeks behind the meal counter in our old family grocery store. Then he would buy a new shirt and take off for new pastures. But year after year he came back IIKC a wandering robin — each "A rat bit it off in my sleep,' he would say, or "I bet it on a liorse race and lost." And the "the boss" would poke his head through the doorway and say, "you probably talked it off Billy. Come on, lei those kids ge back lo sacking potatoes." Billy disliked the late after noons because then the customer! flooded in and he had to work be hind the counter. He hated womei customers in particular. "Always fussing, always com plaining, always wanting to tcl you their troubles," he said. " have to stand still so long waitiiif for them to buy a dime's worth o cat meal il makes my wooden lei 'The court feels that your action in not waiting for a judicial determination • was a very great mistake on your part." : Goldsborough said the real issue which the court hoped to settle was whether Lewis had the right lo break off his contract with the government, or whether under the Smith-Connally-Labor Disputes Act he was impelled to keep his miners on the job for the duration of government operation. Lawyers for Lewis argued that operation of the coal mines is not a "sovereign" function of the government, and that the government itself does not regard the miners as government employes. There- lore, they contended, the Smith- -onnally act, which outlaws the _nstigation of strikes against the government, does not apply. Lewis's attorneys contended the government was directly responsi- jle for the soft coal walkout. They said there would have been no work stoppage "if the government had complied with the terms of the contract." After a brief recess, the judge called on UMW counsel to'explain why the union should not be held to its contract for the "period of government coal mines. possession" of the -.., suit~bf trie cpal strike. At Toledo, O., .the coal shortage aggravated 1., unemployment already' high because of copper shortages at the Electric .Auto..Light Co. and it was > ' v estimated that .17,000 were idle in the area. :'. • •' •-• /* ,, Buffalo's steel mills were down to 51 per cent of capacity and em-' ' ployes were placed on share-the^ work schedules to avoid mass lay- *" offs. Sharon (P.) steel furloughed 3,000 workers. More than 3,500 * t were-idle>>at Birmingham",' Ala.,;' 8,000"at-'''Johnstown, 'Pa., and ,000 •' at •Sp'arrbw's Point, Md. President' George T: Christopher of Packard Motor Co. said the automobile-industry will be forced to curtajlMdperation in about 12 days, He' v declared that each day the coal strike continues the automobile industry is set back two days. • ' The Great Western Sugar Co. ol Denver said it would close four of its best processing plants this weekend and Schenley distilleries near Pittsburgh reported it might be forced to suspend operations because of a shortage of coal. The steel industry continued to be the hardest hit. The American iron and steel institute revised its.' ' estimate of this week's operating rate downward. The latest esti-i mate was 62.5 per cent of capacity, more than 30 ner cent below last week's output. ~ vork has been given to projects al reservoir silos including: Kansas: Kanopolis, Cedar Bluff and Kirwin. Work also is planned in Missouri and Oklahoma. o =• le kept his summer-blue eyes, and hey made his face curiously fresh Porkers Leave for Oklahoma to Play Tulsa ..ear netting a lillle more wrinkled ge t tired." and faded. His hair whitened but But after the last customer had gone, the meat put into the icebox for the weekend and the display platters cleaned, Billy would tell of his great dream—what he would do if he ever gol a million dollars. 'I"d open me the biggest meat jtore in lown," he said. "Fancy cebox, new shelves, clean sawdusl on the floor every day. I'd buy me Fayelleville. Nov. 27 — (/P) Forty-one Arkansas Razorbacks were to leavehcrc at noon today for Tulsa, where they will meet the University of Tulsa Hurricane in an annual Thanksgiving footbdll game. Day The Razorbacks, Southwest Conference champions and host team in the Collon Bowl, were to travel by bus, arriving in time £ov ai afternoon workout in the Tulsa stadium. Arkansas completed its home training with a hard workout yes- lorclay. Hud weather had Kejil UK Porkers inside Monday. and childlike. T3illy 'disdained family life, fur- lilurc and every other lure of steady hearth. He liked hand-rolled cigarets, chewing tobacco, the smell of fresh cut beef, corn whisky and telling long harmless lies about what he would do if he had a million dollars.' He always showed up early on Saturday morning. He liked the mornings best because he could stay in the back room at the block boning up meat chunks ior the day's hamburger. Billy never would eat hamburger himself. "I've made too much of it the last thirty years," he said. At lunchlime he'd fry up a small sleak in a skillet half full of hot grease ,and we'd sit around listen ing to Billy's tall tales about :'am ous brawls he had won by using his wooden leg as a club. He never would tell us for sure how he hud lust his log. lie h:id half u dozen versions. the longest glass display case ever made, and I'd fill it to the top with five-pound steaks, tender like butter. "I'd have a grand opening with movie stars and the mayor around and somebody blowing a bugle, and I'd give gum and candy to the kids. "Then I'd let the customers in —one at a time. When some olc biddy asked me to pull out a steak and then said, 'no, I believe I'd rather have that one further down in the case,' you know what I'd do? "I'd say, 'lady, do you want this steak or not?' and I'd let her have it—1'ivo pounds of fresh incut right square in the face. What a store" Joseph Padway, general counsel for the American Federation of Labor, approach in Lewis' behalf for the first time. He .promptly ciled the Norris-LaGuardia act in opening arguments for dismissal of the case. "If the Norris-La Guardia act is applicable, then this court had no right to issue the contempt ruling," Padway declared. Padway arose after Judge T. Alan Goldsborough decided that the question of dismissing the contempt citation against the United Mine Workers' president should be taken up first. Lewis sat stolidly behind a battery ot union lawyers. At issue was whether he should be punished for permitling his 400,000 sofl coal miners lo quil work last Wednesday, despite a court order. The small courtroom was so crowded thai only 12 speclalors were able to find seats. Hundreds of disappointed curiosity seekers were left outside in the corridors. Goldsborough announced it had Dcen suggested that Lewis "might DG entitled to the right" of a regu- ar jury trial. Accordingly, the judge said he was considering em- paneling a jury with full power 'io convict or acquit the union chieftain. Assistant Attorney General John F. Sonnctl, chief government counsels quickly told the court the goy- ernmenl contends Lewis has iio such right. Previously, Goldsborough had ordered thai Ihe jury be merely advisory. On thai basis he either could adopt or reject its verdict as he chose. Selection of a jury was delayed, however, by the arguments on whether the case should be thrown out. After relating how the Norris-La- Guardia act had been drawn by Congress specifically to prolect unions from being deprived of their economic weapons"" through ? - e- slraining orders and injunctions, Pudwav called utention io Golds- buruiigh's stop-strike order served Continued on i-asc Tvvp Irving S. Olds, chairman of the board of directors of the U. S. Steel ;corporation, said the conV- pany's coal stocks were "almost non-existent" and predicted' that some plants will be closed entire* ly if the mine strike continues. The drastic cut in steel prOdue» tion threatened early cuts in production of automobiles and other steel-dependent industries. They were expected to be announced' this weekend. Schools on Sharon, Pa., and Lansing, Mich expected to closu Schools at Denver, Walla- Walla; Wash., and Provo, Utah,''already have closed for lack of fuel. States of emergency have been proclaimed in Utah, Kentucky, and Maryland. Many other slates reported fuel stocks at a dangerously, low point. The Cleveland Electric Illuminating Co. announced a 50 per cent cut in power output effective Dec. 7, when it will have only 10- days' supply of coal left. •/'• c per Traditional Foes Meet Tomorrow in Grid Play By the Associated Press Traditional Thanksgiving ries will add spice to Arkansa's' high school foolball program this week, but Ihe stale's collective eye still is focused on a resumption of playoff competition next week. After the Turkey Day clashes are out of the way, the Joiir survivors of the playoff's :Cirst round. last week can proceed with their business of determining a state champion. The semi-finals next week will pit Litlle Rock against Magnolia and Conway against Helena-West Helena. In tomorrow's game, LHtle Rock will entertain its jinx cross- river foe—the North Little Rods Wildcats. Conay will soieet Mor- 'rilton and Helena-West Helena will bo ho.st to Mariainui. MuMnoli.'i lias no game listed this \VCCK.
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