New-York Tribune from New York, New York on January 19, 1858 · Page 4
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New-York Tribune from New York, New York · Page 4

New York, New York
Issue Date:
Tuesday, January 19, 1858
Page 4
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Cnotmoe Notiere. , hiXARjf.*" &. Marviur i H : i. v l'.n.i ftttsMfBBI S*i?.. rMUc- its 1 ?? ? ! he ATteer tailed '.<> pr> scree Vh'-ir r*cr*e?t f-ntn tie iStsiei of fin . Thr** flefc a, sseensi by our BtS BrLl.r Lor*., srhi.-f M ?mW njsc.e, Pewd. r .m, (tors ar-. ?"or oil' by ttiLtHvs iV M??. II, N \" M ?t . N. T. S. ( tMiii i.i . No. RI3 Broadway, h. rei?y in fortes Ida li'.e.ia on J ' u.t<.m. rt that re h .? ar.tito no to. itfirk stock of t muiim roe rot rasr hmm mU Bowery tBess'?**? ??WfTOBP. where he ?111'e bit vi h< lr tiui<-to W"'??'? f*Ctof ti ilTtRs Mo. T. Snon, v bi'b hatte IttOttBtO OS ?"b i! * b?let -11 K- <.f tbtt ????. .4. Casum ? ?sTeil Broadway Mtreea Ittn eatl ???***? Fnoy. iJ.KX. C Hmikv'h TnH "i nf.Koi ti IStBata.t v.?1.h..v ?? f-r I ? >?????. Ci.-*i.i:'g Outlet Piet*-?rtns and R. ?t..riiit the Hair. Led'a. tr, j, * >? ?> by tl' l>ruM.'.a Hi Poffuin.rt ta/"i .! Um- world._ A L?i>V, hot h< . n cured of great D dfMMty a/l.-r loeay year, ef adeeey deslr? to male b i ?11 Mm ti.fl. rtti IJ ? ? ? of r?U?f. A.diai, l.L.ot..^ aBoipWreyretor. mmtmfc ^ y f)rwITT ^ >,?,, mU4 {fee prescript I? wi'' b?- etat fi. ? b> ie-?t j*-"t. "ll i PO- P II ? I i. 11 I I I 0 ? J. I M K jjd HiriepMo.rHiir ot S"m. fa., tjtfabfj BfCBBTT ft fl -n r i, ** M . 241 Canal a', n -rC <.ii?' "i uni?Coi ana Rocemmended by ?erPacuity.let mlibest.?! Bsc Lisa CoiTsrot t Boca f r('o nh?, Ceid. Aatiirs", Be; f 'l ?s> (i si' llrncxitj* - Uid Cool i Uourra. Kl I.I.M. ItffL /. Af I.'. ' N?>. 6 * Broedvay, comet if .- ??. Pottl AGt bTAMl'M (3 aad 10 mit;, for i.ilu at ttut ofcr. el\trV^nW^?ii Qxilmt. -mm.-? T?ESDXJ, JAM'Alt Y W. IB5& to coKh tmPOHVtn n J ?t.tnv, Dodt- .iile Towi.....p-\\'bf SUte ? fobriioei?. to (rt iittj u? eunittanre?, fMonitty otnM m.-r tlou tl* t*n.?> ft Mm f*4 OatOt, and T.-ry ft>rqtw?t?y Lb i.f ? of ttw Slat to v bit ? lb ir pap. r i- to M a. nt. Alwayt .' BMiitlon tue ntauii of t, ? f'ott Dffier af.d li'atr. Ko nolle. ttaTWt ttttti of aantajjiatttat Of tuiilt ?Hont Wint? ert* I? tttt'-tid.-d for In-, rtion njutt be autii.-ii'i. s'i.d by tb? neioe tt^i eddreet of the erri-i r?not u.'C?'?aerJj uir publiker tied, bi.t ea ? ruartnty ol lilt f?-d failii. Bjp avHatt aaatrttJat fc e I.ondoa Aicemry. at< tert 8?Mrtf.|i Low, mos \ Co., No. 47 Lodltete Hill, h my d<?B, tt<- a. tbofur.i to ierr.SK tut... riptiontVo Tnr 1'ki?'x?. 1II%< HI K.%1'S ?? tllllini lYt." I'art III of thi> int. r< -ting Mt tr MTOl i.? given 000> jilrte iiiTm Simi-Wikk'.y TBiacmof thit morning, tejirinted from a I?ondon copy receive I lu?t night by tne n.i. of the America. Ah this story is also ro j.ikited in Utiipti '* MtJgMVtiat, it is, perho]!?, prop-r to caution the public that iu that pcriirdical the Inngiiuge of That kciny is aJtatod to suit the purposes of its publishers, it fu< t which they have boldly nvowed. ? '? The Virgitiian.s " will be found utmititil ited in tltit daj > Evening Etlilion of'I'm: DaILT TrIBCXE, p-Ve I cents as wt II a-in Tail Si.mi-Wuklv Titiu Batata dV')sf..,v .fatrtHtf plOBBB eoj.v. The following comparative statement of rtctifk for tmkil ttthtttijtitnt to Tata \V> and Si mi-W'm.'ki.v Taint Bl for the la.-t week, shows a small gain in fa? vor of this y. nr. liottvilhstiindiitg the hard tiiiies: Sallndiiy, Jim. It'. I^.'.X.$10.894 96 Saturday, Jan. 17, 1X67. 10,738 ''7 Increase. |10 * 39 Adtelti-ciiK ids for Thi Whki.1 Tbibbbk of tbia wt\k booM be banded ba tv>day or early to-naoirow I'rii ?. *1 a lkie. Last ii'.glit, Aid. Clancy appointed us the Com? mittee on Ciauds AM. Admits, Stevens and Owens. V\\ hh\e very little faith that they will or caa ever iitimask the knaveries perpetrated under the cover of the municipal government; but if they will go to work In earnest, they should have o\eiy assistance fiom the people to counteract the UlOHaandl of Ob atr ict: >iis wlick will lie thrown iu their wrty by the inUrcsttd parties. There have been several proposition- recently tiKotcd :u the Commou Council for the improve? ment of the Kuss pavement. The htest Is to take it ap, break the stones bate much smaller cubes and relaj it so that it will present a rarfaCC similar |0 tbe ltelgiau pavement. This seems practicable, and. as ?omctliing must be done, it would be Worth while to try n block or two at one, und iu a few weeks we might determine as to the propriety of bfCskingup the whole street. The work woald be rf eas. nt'al benefit to stone-masons in these dull times. -,*> In the si.NATi: reaterday, Mr. Harlai of Iowa in? troduced a bill grunting lands to that State for a railroad. A resolution culling for a st ttcim nt of the number of troops itatiooed ia Kanaaa for each quarter fiom the 1st of Jiniiiary, 1856, ofleied by Mr. Chandler of Wisconsin, was Mapted. A bill nuthoiizini! the kooeptaaoe l>> petaoaa who ware eiigsgcd in the aenrch for Sir John franklin of in.alms pro-, tiled them b\ the Mntish QoTeiaUMOt, w*a passed. The special order of the daj 11li<> Kansas question) was then taken up. Mr. Hale of Sen-Hampshire spoke strongly La opposition to f*te Lecomptoli scheme, winch he did not agree with Mr. iHmglas iu regarding aa an infraction of the principles of " Popular Sovereignty.' embodied .u.tbe Nebraska lull, but as their consummation? the natural fruit of the tree planted by Mr. Doug? las and his coadjutors. Mr. Hale w as about to ?peak concerning the Dred Scott decision, but gave w?jtoa niot.outogo mto Lixccutise Session, ufter ithich the Senate adjourned. Tn the HfJl'SB, Mr. Speaker Orr h is appointed as a Committee to iuvestifate the allegtsl expen? ditures of Lawrence, Stone <ft Ct>., to prooore the tariff mtKliticatioii td last Session: Btttri. r*TTf farfTS Stantov of Ohio. Rcpubliran. Biaaaaaal Mooai i l Alabama. I). ui. Joi-\ I . Kl Mi l of P. Una., K f b. Ai ..i mi ? k. Waiaai ef Qs . 1?. at w iia lam W. Rvsm ? i ot N. y., Dim. Thi? is a highly respectable Committee. All the lVmocrats arc new Members, fa the similar case last Braeaaa, Mr. llauks appt.'mtod two Repvbli Mns, two DfBaiHJutl and one American, giving bi< JH-Iitieal Off HIBil a majority of the Committee We have no ieasoii to doubt that the investigation Tjow initiated will be earnest and thorough, and we trust all tbe Members will In* actuated hy a desire to elicit truth and subserve Iho eud*. of justice rather thnu to make party capital. And. at the Press was credited iu the House w itu the iueiting uf thia iinestigation. we trust specia'. attention Hiil be given to the item of .*J,000, alleged to have been paid to ecrtaiu NffWaaaas, r> of this Citv. A. Urge number of bills were introduced aud re? ferred, among which were a Homestead 1?. 11. n tVafich Spoliation bill, an International Copyright bill, a bi'l establishing a Hrauch Mint in this eil]. aud onerejtealing the fishing bounties. Mr. Camp bell offered a joint resolution empowering the Presidett to open negotiatiou*. looking to the acqui? sition of Canada and Nova-Scotia. Mr. (liJdings offered a preamble ami resolution, setting forth the injustice aid wrongfuluess (.f the Dead Scott decis? ion, and Mr. Humphrey Marshall a resolution that the Constitution be so amended as to entitle only aaiire-born eitiieus and those uaturnlized under taa gem?ral law to vote. To the introduction of Mb objection vi m made. A lasomttoa imtru. ting the Judiciary- C*Pirnittee to comid'-r the expeJi oi.i ) of tnkiiig meaaurcs to restrain the immigration of fortdgnpeapSTSand criminals, and a resolution providing f"r ,ne appointment (>f a a? leot Commit? tee offne to inquire into tin- oanelal conduct of the late Ihawrheepei of the House, were adopted. A bul to apportion the elerkl ami rn.---.-ugBfi to the several Executive Department? laaoaf the several States and Territories WM atfll under consideration when 'he Hevea adjourned. The Li gialature ofKew-Yori convened two we "ks since, jet up to this hour no organization of the Aascmbly has beeateffected. If thoae 'Americans" who were elected bj "Bcpabtieaa" votes, and Wi add Bot have been chosen without those votes, ) DtlId ?et a* ? Large portion of their supporters un? doubtedly beflered they would act wh' n they voted for them, theHouae would be organized forthwith; oril all the ?' Americans " would coalesce with tho Democrata and divide Um offices oi the Hen ae, aa a nu-joiity of them are eager and have voted to do, there would he an organization this evening. We trust the nine " Americans" will go into the House - ceiling re-olved to take one or the other of the-e course.?we cure little which. It is too bud that their united and thcii divided action ehould alike serve to ke. p the House disorganized and the legislature paralyzed. The Republicans are blamed by certain journals for not accepting the balMonf proffered then bj tl'- Americans. One excellent reason for their declining it il this: The Republican candidate for Clerk, whom this arrangenacnt wonld throw out. happens to have been born in some other country than our own. He was the Clerk last year, and is known to be honest, capable and worthy. If the Ki puhheans were to drop him in favor of an '?American," by arrangement with the third party, it would be widely proclaimed that they did so j ktftiUMt he was a " foreign"!-"?that they had ac ooptod the proserijdive dogma of Americ tnisiii. 'this wonld he false, but it would iieverthelese be peraisted in and believed. The Republican canae has now a sufficient load of unjust odium to sus? tain, without assuming this burden. The Republican! hate been willing from the out set to adopt the Plurality rule, and let the highest nuinbei ol vole-elect Mch officer of the House. This wai the rule adopted by tin- Federal House of Representatives in 1-111-."?<>, under which Howell Cobb (now Secretary of the Treasury ) was chosen Bpeaher, with Democrats for most if not all the minor Offices, It was again adopted by the last House, and I Republican Speaker, an American Clerk, a Democratic Printer and Sergeant-at Aiins chosen under it, with minor officers semi Republican, lemi-Know-Nothing. It is the only lair and just rule for such cases; and WC wish it were made a portion of the parlia aaentarji law of the country, that, whenever two ballots for an elective officer of any legislative body -hall have failed to effect a choice, a plurality shall elect on tho next, and (in case of a tie) on every succeeding vote. This is a rule equal and just to all parlies, and calculated to save much Valuable time. We arc proud of having belonged to the Whig party, which gave seven-eighths of tho votes by which it was carried at Washington in '49-60 (though it then enured to the immediate benefit of their opponents), and to the Republican party, which steadily supported it iu 1865-6, It ought to have been adopted the first day of the Session at Albany, and made perpetual, M far aa common conaent could give it perpetuity. Then if the two weaker parties choose to combine in any case and overpower the strongest, they can do so; if not, the strongest party takes the organization, as it should. We trust the Republicans will to-night Bgnin urge the Plurality rule, and take a rota on it; if beaten, we should greatly prefer that three or four of them should withhold their votes, and let the Alvord and Wilson coalition prevail, if it can once more rally the votes of all the Democrat! and most of the Americans. Do not let Hie organiza? tion be longer delayed. Let no Republican engage in any bargain; but, if we cannot choose our can? didates, let our opponents choose theirs. The offices are not worth another week's contest. In the exploration by Lieut. Ucale of a wagon road from Albuquerque, Ncw -Me\ico, due west, or nearly so, to the Colorado River, the adaptability of camels to thoso arid w estern regions seems to have been put to a pretty thorough test. The im? ported camels, s on i? ninety in number, beside seve? ral dromedaries, were landed originally at Indianola, T< xas, whence, alter recruiting awhile, they were taken to San Antonio, to be employed iu the expe? dition of Lieut. Beale and that of Capt. Pope for sinking artesian wells in the deserts intersected by the Rio Pecos. Lieut, Reale left San Antonio on the 86th of dune, having selected for his expedition twenty three camels and three dromedaries. The camels were laden with a largo portion of the grain ncceaaary for the tcajns of mules. Thoso of them which iu their uativo country had been trained to this business were found capable of carrying a thousand pounds. The expedition took the route from San Antonio to LI Paso, and thence up the Rio Ur?mie to Albuquerque, at some distance west of which the new explorations were to begin. From San Aniotiio to Alboquerqae, by this route, the distance ii over a thousand miles, a large part of it through districts very sctutily supplied with either grata 01 w ater. It w as accomplished in forty five days, the train moving at au average late of four miles an hour, and the camels Waring the journey perfectly well. From Albuquerque the expedition marc bed toZali, an outlying settlement ol \tw-Mexico. Lieut. Peile left Sail on the 'j-th of August, baring obtained an escort of troops from Fort Defiance, situate some ninety miles to the north in the country of the Narajos, His route la] nearly due west, along the ?oth parallel of north latitude, and through a region hitherto almost unknown. As tar aa the Little Colorado, the roa.i. though, with volcanic ranges of moun? tains constantly iu sight, some of them capped with snow, was comparatively level. There were abundant SUpfdkl of grass, with tim? ber in ancient for fuel, and plenty of wa? ter. After crossing Little Colorado, which was followed for some days and which ba- a wide and fertile bottom, with a fringe of cotton wood along the banks, the expedition eucouutored the San Franc im o mountain, having on its evateru ilopc |zf at forests of pine, ai d on its western slope forests of ct-der. From the western toot of t lis mountain the country grows more barreu till near the banks of the Colorado it becomes a deie-t. except the bottom landi a few miles in extent. The river hen was found to be from two to three hundred yards wide, flowing at the rate ad three or four milea an hour a-d with n-netccn feet of water in the mid channel. It w?! unobstructed by rocks, at,J was I appar ; . ? \ sab'e for large- steamera. TV in? habitant! of a:i Indian rJ:ai?e found hero repre sented tf t r.rer 1- maintauiing tb* saine character M at Fort Yuma, near it a junction with the Oiia. Hcre the rimrh were p*1 to a terr important tt'-t. It ;s positively at a tod by Father Hu", in hi* tiaw-ls in Tartar), and b) ot her writers tust tbe camel cannot swim, and this alleged detect oi their- bad caused Lieatenaal Beak a go "I foil oi ?BXiet] . Having reached the Colorado he was de temiaod t" aottle tt.. qncatii n (be ainaaelf TL* first can.el brought to tba bank refused t-> enter the river; but iBotber being brought down, to the delight of tb* whole couijtanv, it took the water freolj and swam bohily across. The other*. tied one bei tod the ether a striataef five, were takea across La the same way. They not only swum with i-iii-e, but in this particular, as in other*, they seenx d to outdo the boraei and mules. This ?tCaatd to be the on!) reinaiinnjr t?-nt needed to e tabl sh the character of the camel as a bcis, of harden specialT] suibd forthoae rrgioaa. Lieut. Beale had started with the det.-rminat ion that the experiment should be no hall-way eae, ami be made it a point to subject his camels to trial- w hi< h do otter animal < ould stand. As to the result be tins expresses, himaelf: "In all our lateral explorations they have carried wnter, aaaoediaaea for more than a week, for the mules ntod by the men?themselves never MOaNhsg even a bucket full to one of them; they have traversed pa? tiently beat y pa< 'ha, on the.e explorations, coun? tries cohered w it Ii the -' Up -' v leaafa rock, and yet tl.t r feet to tins hour have evii.. ed no symptom of teaderaeea or injury; with heavy packs they have cioated mountains, ??roadtd and desceaded pracipi tons pMM s tri ere an unladen mule found It diflcaM to p??s, even with the assistance of the rider dis? mounted, and cnitfully picking its way. I think it would be w.thin boaada to say that in these various lateial t xploraf ions they bine traversed nearly doable the distune- passed over by our nolle- tad wagons. "Leariag botae with all the psajadice att leafaag to nntriid experiaMtat*', und eifh maay in onr camp op* I o.-. ii to thair u-e, tad looking forward confidently to their failure, I believe, at this time. I may speak tot e\try met m aar party, when 1 say there is not one ol not prefer the roast indifferent of our came la to four of our be-t males, aad 1 look for? ward he] i fully to the tiu.e when they tt 11] be in gene ml use in all parts of our country. ' The eouatrj for eight] miles west of the Colo? rado COBI Mo s a 1-ainiv desert, with but little Hat' T or grass. At that dittaoce the expedition struck tbe Mojave, which there began to have tODaC water in its bed. Crosaing the Baa Bernardino Mountain b) the Cajea Pnet, thej reacaed Los Angeles oo the90th of November. This route is far preferable inererj reapeel to that bj the Glla, hitherto followed. It is especially adapted tot thi ?beep trade?sheep heing tbe ehief staple of New Mexico?and is likely to lead to increased trade and intercourse between New-Mexico and Cali? fornia. What particularly adapts the camel for use in those regions is not merely their capacity to en? dure fatigue and to go without water, but the rOTJ coarse and scanty food with which they are con? tent. They eat as they go along, whatever they find in their path, bending their long necks and throwing their heads into every narrow crevice of the rocks where grows a cactus or a clump of grass, or cropping the leaves from the branches of trees without in the least retarding their progress. In this respect, as in many others, they have a gnat advantage over mules or horses, which re? quire food us regular!) as man himself. The modern and patent religions, invented by Brig ham Young, Dr. Boaa and other well known and ingenious ei artists, although for a time the) have seemed to be in a floriilent condi? tion, have just now been subjected to a frigid blast which Biay result in their radical exter? mination. 'Ihe worth) first above named, iu ipite of his vigorous sermonising and meailng. will probably be prevailed upon to atop or "to stop," it does not much mutter which. Hut While Mr. Hu ehanan is intent upon the correction ol the inulti tudinoualy-marriod ndachief-nxnkcra of Bait Lsxke, and licteriiiiiied to tt] the effect of a little gunpow? der upon those distant heretics, does Dot hes? itate to administer a wholesome portion of gospel to the new-liehts nearer home. He recently with due grnvitv informed us, that the principle which lies nt the foundation of the Law of Nations (ami b) implication at the foundation of all law ) is to be (bund in tbe Divine command?"All things what " soever ye would that moil should do to you, "do jt even so unto them." This public and unre ?erred iadoraeaxent of Christiaa truth bj aodia tinguiabed ? personage as the Praoseeat of the United Mates, must with fresh hopes inspire the bosoms of all our missionaries, mitlitten and moral? ist-; mid we think should have a saccbarifervus eflecl even upon the vinegar) temper of Thr Jour? nal of CotmMttxt, For if there be scything in this World reviving ami n? the wcirv soul, it is to hear the President of the United States quoting such unusual and recondite tevts with all the facility of a well-drilled Simdav-school bo); and if there be anything eminently respectable and properaatd correct, it is to witness that emi? nent I'unctioiiarv descending from his high chair to lake Christianity bj the hand iu a cordial mid pat? ronizing way. Far be it from aa to diaiiniah oar rupture b) r< nu mbering that a Certain sable geii tlcmau with feet of a cloven construction is re? torted to have exhibited upon OCeaalOB therefor great Biblical lore, and miraculous volubility in airing the aame ! We prefer to have faith inhu? man nature. We have no respect for a man who is nlwav s sneering. At the aame time, we have so much taste for theological speculation ami for Scriptural exege-.-. that we should vcrv much like to know in what sense the President receives this admirable text. There Oral once a man who. through profound re? flection, ci me to the conclusion that the words in qneatkn mean. "De unto others ia they do ?ste von'" ami art must do this profound person the jiist'Cc to ??> that be acted according to the spirit of bis relaxen with rowmrndiblr fidelity. And throagh some strange mistake, ami because we have neglected our IV.fendorf. we had luppoacd that this construction was that adopted b] com mcntaton oa the Laws of Nation*, which are usu? ally of the e)e-for-an-eye and tooth-for-a-tooth de tcription. (lovenimeut* have not been, if our studies may be relied upon. La the habit of giving up coat and cloak, or. upon being smit? ten, of turning the unslapped cheek to the foe. There have been vcrv few governments which would not have coughed at the medicines which they have administered in copious streams to their neighbors. Neither do the past career and present position of the Pre-cVnt serve to illuminate thia interest? ing qm st'oii. When three aecmplished diploma? tist- went to Oataasi aa eat ayatata aad scttie the balance ef Western poorer, there wai ? certain deCBaUeilt Which heated not very obscurely that if Bpahx WOOld not sell Cuba to the United states, the Ciri-tian people of th;? eotintry would be uu arr tibf a1aa|rttebk a*ojeaf?tp of stealing it. TJkt mam<!>of Mr. Puchasan ma at tb? bottom of thi* rercarkabl ? lot am at. but the text which he has ? sttbed was r,ot at the top of it. Doe* he. w th hit present light, a* shown by hi* pinue referen mi ?till hold fa*t to the doctrines of th. Oof '-mW Thea we ahct.ld say to Spain: "We arc about to take 'possession of your pretty little Ciba. but. in ro? "turn for it. we will with pleas-ire allowyou to ??help yourself to any State ..r Territory wool "poasMHon." In fact. Mr. R -L-'-od propose a ?ort of serioas andCbxintiu att?f < the latgotaiiioM to b* . t>. t.w th at aver tad concluded, alter the gral -game ig over, with a sennet). IfofOOfer, when Mr. Bm banan i? about tosend to his mcrcer.arica in Kansas fresh instructions ? I directions t'< tbi*e w ho. by a judicious administra? tion of federal bails II d bayonet*, are endeavoring i to persuade the people of that Territory that t Leeomptoii Constitution ia altogether lovely?let tiro direct his Secretary of War to write this favor 1 ite text at the Lead of tue dispatchee in the ri . , i tit hand and in the blackest ink ' Let him inform his officers that tic ahoetiag, the marauding, the awindlirg, the murdering, the bt?nidationi an I I insult-", are hereafter to be conducted upon strictly Christian principles ' Let him beg the bullies, n.ffians, drunkard* and killers in hit pay. to inscribe up< n their bogu, balle ts: '? All things whatsoever "ye would that men should do to y ou, do ye e?en " so tint*> them. " ?Hut we hat! almost forgotten OBI dear friend the Rev. I>r., whose new system of Rosaianity haa re cent'y been quite successful in the at niggle with Christianity at the S .utb. This adaption by the Pre side nt of i principle whiefa Bossau?ti neceaaa rily repudiates a ;11 be a severe blow to the enter j rising Doctor. Doe* Rooa wnnt to be held iu servitude ' lOfged ' pickle I' paddled' sold' sep? arated from his wife' ti ni from his children' transj Drted from his home ' kicked it d cuffed and sw orn ?t by black men ' Of course not. Ooce let this pestilent doctrine, so carelc?-ly Indorsed by tbe President, attain the ascendency in '!<?? BOUth, und Ro.-sianity will ".an:-hntid Ross be out of btui nesa. Wherefore Boca should request that rmi? nes! scholar, chaste orator and pure divine, the Ret*. Belli Broendotr, to investigate the original text. Pethapa the translation should read: "All " things whatsoever ft would Snl that BjaBB should " do to Jon.' A c. In that case, Boai WOtthlhe all i <-lit and Christianity Hoi re.i forever. We have by mail some further detail* a* to new diatsuhajacea in Mexico, of winch information bj telegraph was published a few dajs since. In ac? cepting the Plan of Taeubaya, which be 'lid by a manifesto dated the 19th of December. Comoufort went into a review of the internal affairs of the country since he had been called to the head of the Government by the Plan of Ayutla, on the 1st of March, 1864s The chief aim of this manifesto seems to be to defend himself against any charge of precipitation or personal ambition in accepting the Dictafoiship under the new Plan of Taeubaya. The late Constitutional Convention, he says, was treattd from the beginning by him and his Govern? ment with the greatest loyalty, but that body failed to fulfill the expectation of the public by carrying nan] iu a satisfactory manner the promises and guaranties of the Plan of Ay utla. No sooner, in? deed, bad the public become aw are of the dominant ideas of that body than lymptomi of disgust and i disapprobation began decidedly to manifest them? selves. Feasting, however, to net or to seem to act ia the intereat of the party hostile to all re erase, the Qorenunent sustained the Cosajaoss m spite of the public di*giist and agitation, enabled it to complete its labors, and even accepted and swore to the new Constitution. Put some of the State Legislatures?whoso influence ami au? thority had been chiefly consulted ia the new Constitution?were the first to disregard and infringe it by intruding on the limited powers still left to the National Government, and iiinicr the shade and shield of legality a silent but pervading anarchy was speedily established which deprived the Central Government of its moral and physical resources, and rendered it powerless to contend agaiaat its eneamiee. This defect became so appaient that even the Congress, met under the new Constitution, saw the necessity of sm pendinga part of its provisions. Iu this state of things, ('< inoiifort wished to resign, but he-itated at taking a step which threatened to lead nut in>ri ly lo civil war but to the dissolution of society itself, in hopes of y et saving the new Consti .u ? tion, he had suggested certain reforms?but the troops in the capital and elsewhere, less confident than himself of improvement by such means, had. without any consultation with him, proclaimed the Plan of Taeubaya. '1 bis BOH movement he represents as not the act i f a faction, but as a mere echo on the part of the troops of the national will, which had already re? jected the new Constitution. Having been from the beginning of his pobtical career a supporter of liberal principles, be does uot now nn an to recede from a course of w ise and pru? dent reform. At the same time he disavow s any in teutiou to attack either the consciences or the faith of the citizens, hoping to be able to conciliate freedom and religion. The overthrow of the Con? stitution of 1*\"?7 disposes of a certain number of these questions. As to the law of the 86th of June, respecting the secularization of the property of the Church, he professes a disposition to tran qudize by conciliating that reform with the inter? ests of the religious corporations and thftse of pri? vate individuals. Such was Coaaoaiort'l m vv pro? gramme?vague enough, as is apt to be the case with Mexican state papers, but seeming to look pretty distinctly to an abandonment in purr, if not wholly, of the policy for some time pursued of sec? ularizing the estates of the clergy. Viewed in this light, it has given decided off-nse to the Turm, or ultra reform party. It has been denounced in Vera Cruz and in the States of Guanajuato and San Luis POtosij but, though the movement seems to be :.i.mining, we have no information which wiil enable us to judge of the probable result. It does not yet appear whether the ultra conservative party wiil take advantage of thia quarrel to renew their attempts to possess themselves of power, or whether they w?i give their ?upp-irt to Comoufort. Reports reach us from various sources that th Administration is blindly bent on forcing the Le? eomptoii Constitution through Congress. We have of late supposed, in view of the prospective vote of the Territory against that instrument, that this would not be done, unless the act were, accompa? nied by a subiii.ssiou af the Con*titi'tion to the peoala. We have supposed Congress would not daie to commit so tlflgraut an outray.c upon popular aeatiaaral a- to undertake this so?vme. Tu;* opin? ion is ft easeaaaajj w-akmed by the reports al? iud, d to. We have held and r* presented from the first thttt the dr-aii-u of the i***peal of the Missouri ("? tripn-misc hm to male Kausa* a Jjlau' State, and that if Mr. Buchanan was BBBBfcnJ M would be Mat) umt, Knowing KM villa.ny of uVt ?g?*nc,e< at work, we have auppoecd thia moll roahl not be pr.M-itU <], although a large m.ijorit) of lie people of the Territory were against it. Fraud and fore.' :n Hat'ofaVial Pile of the 1'err tor* backed by Fe.l . rn! bnvonet*. we ha.- Considered too greit an odd* for ram number*. An urn expected streak of good fortune m th. throwing out of the Oxford fraud* BJ Qot, Walker, thus giving the Free-State men the eOBeTOl of the last Legislature, changed tbe aspect of atfairt at a critical luouo nt. Iu earning out their plan* the rascal* cheated so badly that their own Governor was frightened out of tie- elfte tad cooperation, and declined Iii? share of the job. From this point the affair* of tin- Frc Statc men began to look op. Tbej cot a chance to vote fairly against the devils who have been spoliat? ing them, and in a way which even the Administra? tion cannot dent i* according to law . This decisive exhibition of their strength. :t has seemed to u*. must settle the question of the BOB] pation: since it can only now be carried on in eon detiauce of the popolar will, expressed at the very crisis which the Federal authorities have heretofore agreed was Ike proper aad legitimate one foe its expression. With the People of Kansas clearly, flatly, decided? ly, and legal!) against the I.ecomptoti Constitution, we have supposed that the v illains w. re at length cornered, and that Federal oppression would dare to go m> further. But we are told it dares go further. Very well; we shall tee. The Republican party is not in a condition to prevent it bj CoagreorioaaJ action. If the Administration ;* bold cnot:gh to undertake) U) impose tbe Leeorapton Constitution upon Kan? sas against the inajont) ot the people, let it pro reed in it* work. We aith it joy of it* labors. Politics!!), we ought not t<> object to the act. The I'-o-Slaver) parly can do nothing that will serve the Republican! half so much. That part} aud the Administration representing it will prove to be WOtae than we have ever described them. We have snpp< ted that there were *> nie thing* too bad for them to do. While we have all along foreseen and i redieted their determination, we have never? theless thought they would cloak their act* to the end, ander tOBBt colorable pretext. We hive not iu] j oeed th. j would dare deride laddefy the power and very name of tbe authority under which they h ive eiaimc.l to act?Popular Sovereignty. For iu doing it they manifest a* much fatuity a* villainy. Let Congres* and the Administration, then, pro? ceed. If they have determined that Kansas shall be a Slave State, under a Constitution not merely utmathotixedand unsanetioaed, bat legal!) voted down, and vehemently repudiated by au overwhelm? ing let it be so declared. The people of the Free states wilt probably understand the case when put la thia form. And the usurpers in Kan? sas wiil gain but a temporary advantage from this National crime, Kansas is sure to be a Free State ?if riot upon her Admission, then at an early day after her Admission; if not by the as-cut of Con? gress, then in defiance of the resistance of Congress; il not by legal and conservative means, then by the right arms of her free citizeus. aided by their com? patriot! throughout the Free States. Bat let the resort to fonac be postponed until the last hope of a peaceful redress of her wrongs shall have been extinguished. I The WitkinL'ton Gfedeof Saturday gives u* the entire debate of the day before en the already cel ehrat ><! $i?7,ou<> tariff charge, and presents some singular features. Mr. Stanton of Ohio, after waiting, but in vain, for tbe dominant party in the House to order an investigation, introduced his resolutions raising a Bl led Committee for that purpoae, Bubeeqaently, Mr. Bhermanihowedthat av.rv large majority of the Republicans Voted tjvrasf the peerage of the Tariff, which is charged t<> bare been carried through bribery, and that all but two Democrat! voted for it. The Demo? cratic memben substituted a reoolntion by Mr. I.etcher of Virginia for Sfanton'*, and will thus have the control of the Committee in their own hands. We trust, however, that the) will probe tl matter to the bottom, and expose rascality t llv. if there has been an), DB mutter on which side thev may find it. Mr. Stanton and Mr. (in.w lifted also in favor of ordering such an investigation as would give im? plicated member! an opportunity to confront the witnesses against them?a privilege which the Constitution secures to th. pettiest thief. In the last Congress, when the BBepected Members ap? pealed for a public trial before the fellow-ine mbers who were to decide on was argued that there wns not time; and they were therefore convicted on the report of u Committee which had held all its sessions iu the strictest secrcsy. Though Stanton and Grow were nnnarff nfiil La their effort* now, we trust that, aa Congressmen are paid by the )ear, and have the whole year before them, they will not plead such an excuse again; but if any person is implicated, whatever his party relatioB! ?By be, that he shall have the fullest opportunity for a public trial b) bit peers before he is branded with the etigm&of corruption. Mr. Biair off. re] a resolution condemning the suppression of testi? mony taken b) the Committee of the last session, which had beeu expunged in their manuscript jour? nal, and their refusal to follow up the eine which this suppressed testimony gave to corruption on the part of other Members, a* au inexcusable failure iu the discharge of duty; bat it was ruled out of order. II - object, however, was doabtleM to serve notice OB the Committee of this session that their investi gatiOB! mtist be impartial, and not oaf lidod, aud tk - object was attained by the) ijatrodoctioa. of the rt m lution. One of the speakers at the Lite glorifying dinner given to the filibuster Walker, at Richmond, pro? nounced himself in favor of a Southern liepublic, w h.-re negroes couhl be servants and white men ??gentlemen." It must be confessed that the o!d ued race of gentlemen, which formerly ex? isted in nor Southern Republics, is very rapidly be eoeaing extinct. Tuey are being fast superseded bj a new teLeratioD, who esteem it the hight of courage and chivalry to steal uaawares, three to getcer. on an unarmed man. o&e beating him over the Lead while tbe other two watch in the neigh? borhood to keep otf intruders &nd see fair piny. To revive tie race of gentlemea at the South is a very excellent object, aad .f tne thing cannot be accomplished in any other way, we, too, with such a result in prospect, might be induced to g*> in for a Southern Republic. At things ttand at present in the South, though there is no great obstacle that we are aware of to negroe* being servants, it it, it must be confessed, exceedingly difficult for ? bite men to be gentlemen. But whether Walker, and -uch a* he, would be apt to tucceed any bet? ter La that line in Nicaragua than they do in Vir? ginia admitt, peraap*, of aette doubt. It la Jlor ace, ne be?eve, who remark* thai * ia?b i** tM change bi< nature by rr*??rg th* aea. Judge Russell haa now od bond a good opporte nity to indicate that high ?eirt* of justice, and de? sire |o rrj rc*s and puniah crime, for which be ban .thusnod at much credit. Ila> subbjat* tha murder of the negro in Hfl?I street bus Banned through the ordinary ?tage? of ndctineut, and is aithinn I w day* of fjfWTiing before) the Judge fi?r trial. Marder eaaea are geaeralty sent to tha Court of Ojer aad IVraa ner, but then- may be giwal rcaeoea uhy thla ah< old net ge there. The afT*#r waa :. r a aae time coeaaaV red to ha a great mystery, the negra havi1 -' bean -hot by so use peraon either D or OB a eairhUje Whieb drove rapidly arreeta beiag made. Wh. ? the matter came to be ii reetigaied, certain cit] oaneiahi made themselves ten baaj about it. and the same political inrluouree i were brought to bear which h ive been so potent ia ? oi liehet swindling, batary policy Manag. *nd beating of steamboat eeataiae Certain petx>iw were indicted, bat it ia finely stated that the) are not the guilty parties: that the-v indictment* ha t been j Brposel] brought abouf to ahic!d the real cut prit: that, as a matter of course, the parties BV db teil would be tried and found not guilty, and the whole thing peaa ef to the eaiisfaction of the regu? lators. Whether this has really bdatl ?o atraaged, n mains to be seen, and may bo aacertained by the public when the trial has been brought on. If, as has been intimated, a few minutes or a few hours shall suffice to d-spoae of the matter, and no preaet effort is made aaj the. part of the prosecution to ascertain who reall) did commit the crime, the public may know that tho influences alluded to htve done their work, tho farce of indicting innocent ft rsoas his successfully shielded the guilty, and that the Mood af the aaar* dered man will go unavenged. It may be within the province of a Judge to confine a prosecution strictly to the indictment, and to ignore all dia oloearee or proof which may have come to light alter the indictment was perfected; but it will bo d Beult to convince the people that such a course is consistent with the due administration of justice. It is also stated that these potent influences to which we have alluded have beea brought to bear upon one of oureoternporariee in such a manner a* to render it probable that no unnecessary uoisc will be made about the matter in that quarter, and that it will bd pa?scd over as a simple assault *nd bnt terv, or aa ofeven less importance, and the favorite Judge receive the usual indiscriminate praise. Hut we shall see. _ THE LATEST NEWS. nucKivr.D nv MAG NETIC TELEG RAPH. I i ??in ah a*>|iiiiKloii. special otarsTcaii TO tiu w. r. TRIUinr,. from Our that Corrnpondrnt. Washington. Momlay, Jan. 18, I8I& Mr. I Tale's speech today wits in bis best vein? btgeaioas, forcible and witty. He ridicule*) very happily the contrast between the theory and prac? tice ot l'opular Sovereignty in Kansas, and used up what Mr. Douglas had left of poor Higler. His} speech was not concluded, and it is uncertain wheu it will be, as Mr. Houston has the floor to-morrow for the purpose of announcing Mr. Rusk's death. Committees of Investigation seem to be the or? der of th?' da) just now in tin- House. It is s little strange that while very serious charges are current iu i he Capitol and the city, accusing an officer of the pre Beat House *jf bribery, committees should be called for only to investigate the affairs of the last House. As Mr. Letcher of Virginia is in? formed of the minors I allude to. perhaps he may gee tit to move in the matter. Tu th* Associated PreM. Wasaivei an, Meaner, dan. Igt, Kvt. The Senate, in lixecutivc Sc.-.-ion to-<lay, tii.allv din posed of nearly aO the naval nominations consequent apOBthaaetioa af the Courts of Inquiry. The few I" alpoaed lor further eonrfdl.?ration will, then* i. littla if any doubt, be also continued. Mr. P, DeJanou was eoanratsd u? PreaBssor of Spanish to the Military A?sdaasy. An order has beea iasaed additionally reinforcing the army of I tab by B and K companies of the vM rcgi BttBBt <>f dragoon* now at Fort leaven worth, and tvl enlisted meu for Company A for engineer soldiers, with. U i c. aapaay argaalaa?oa. The Hou-e Committee OB Elections wen- laat wtuk engaged aa the Ohio contested case, and will report at an early day. \\ a bars roeatved lu re no mail from any point South, this p. as. -*t? YWYth CdJjfdJMali.First Bewson. 8KNATK?WasaiBOTOB, Jan. lrt, I IBB, tfr. 8EWAKD praasateds petition of 98 i .tizen* ol Fhelps, (f. V., praying that -one- measures bo ado] f. d for a peai ? fid mid gradual extinction of Slav ety by asahiag coapeasatloB oat of the public treas? ury. Laid on the table. Str. HARLAN iuttoduccd a bill making a grant of land to Iowa in alternate aadtOBS, to aid in couatruct iLg a railroad in that State. On mot on . f Mr. (HANDLE!!, ar.lution waa adopted taaaaatiag the saerstary oi War to furnish a report to the Senate, with statements showing tha number af troops stationed in Kansas for each quarter in in the l-t "I January, I*.,;,, to the prSOSal tune. A bUj was passed aataoriatiag certain oriieers and ncawbo ?rata eamged iu the search for Sir John l-rankiiu to ret sire the u.edals preueutud thein by tha British yorernaseas. rhu rp.iial order on the affairs of Hjmww was takea Bp. Mi. lLvLE sa.d that he had refrained from pnrtici paung in the debate b ?i Udhre, because he presumed that the public wvra BBora anxio a to hear from other Senator* rather than to leani the opinions of so bum? ble an iLiiividual as himself. He did not think thla diseussiou ill-tim-.d or premature. The dietuiguiabed * I I SB I Ik sis had spoken, and his speech fully net public axpaatattsaa. He aajraad with >lr. D?>ugl*i* inoppoaiag the LWcoaptou rnasthathai, badaetaa* causa it waa ia aoadnTaaaioo with the principle and polii y of the Ltebraaha bill. Hs opposel ii foTjust lbs opposite rOBBBa, namely, because ha cour iered if. in exact soatorautT w ah that a< t. He rap read it aa pjirt of the on-.-tal programme, and as the carryiagof that .ut. iu lettaraad spirit, lit was uasliaad la tliink ?hat in ihaeoatsoTars] betwaaa iJr. rjoasdasaadtha lies.Jtnf, the palm ot vfetorr oajght to U awarded to the Praaidsat. When tt^i Lattot u^lerukes ta br.iig in the Federal Army fan forte this ohaaaioaa Coastitntioa dowa thatbraata of th>- pooeta af Kai *ae it i* because ba Baderataads tha rTtTrriaaa oili jus.t well as if he had been in the Territory at the time that measure became law. Mr. Hale opposed to the arhole thing, from hegnuiaftoei !. HC v* opposed t" the tree and ronags, aadaowhe oppnssd tho phnahhag of the riaa fruit. He could only jislge tie object of the pas*age of the bill by the natural and inevitable cons?quenc-ea v? I ii n must result frota such a maa^air. That ohj et * a nothing else than to break down the hai rier wbieb atparatss B i terrttory from slave tgnhaai sadhriagKanaaa iato the I'mon aa a MaveState) legally and peaceablv if it could be, but to bring it in at-a slave State any Low. 8on.e of the adroeahsa of tbrit bill, Ike leaior S.o.ati>r from South Carolina ?r. ?l -ii Avowed that it was their ntea?on to extend Slavsry iato Kansas, at the time WW retrardtotbe protMwdiaga la Kaaasaaadertha -Neiira-ka bill, the elections were carried not by a ttiib from Missouri, bt.t by au B> radbg arn.y who went OTST the line with d-um and fife, and banners flying, and carried 1 v.iytLn^ u their own way. and returned acro?a the nv er, operlv avowing that they ban conquered the Terrttory Thng matter- w*nt on In tl is kitd of "per? fect freedom" and "popular sovereignty snd et lcsgtlt |ba Coft^^ivu ?;settblvj<i M form I CoBJtitu*

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