THE TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 3, 1842 ZTl* Wsjkinotom City the Tribune maybe bad at F. LUFF*8 reside rce, near Third-street, at 3 cento per copy, ami delivered to subscribers at their residence for 50 cento per month, or 12$ cento per week-' 0^ For a Summary of Foreign News by the Columbia, and an Association Article, see First Page. 0(7* For The Ideal, and The Reign of Tsrror, (continued,) see Last Page. Tmm Party of Pri?er_?Ie and the Party without Principle*. For the last ten years it has been a standing parrot-song of the party which combines profes? sions of ultra Democracy with a most loyal sup? port of Executive despotism in all its phases, and of gag-laws to suppress the Right of Petition, to vaunt itself the sole party possessing any defined and positive principles, and to represent us, its antagonists, as governed by no common principles whatever, or none that we dare uvow, but sway? ing to every local prejudice, to every caprice of the passing hour. Now, this latter assertion has some color of truth at its basis, or rather it has had. The Whig party was called into being by a common feeling of hostility to certain great, over? shadowing practical abuses in our Government, and its animating sentiment, its bond of uniou, has been resistance to those abuses. Such were its professed, and such its real bases of agreement and common action. Its origin was not in any speculative views of the rights of Man and the nm-txirn t/f GoTWniDCnt, hut in rf?*i?rtt*mo? to mal ad ministration, to practical abuses, and to the enor? mous distension of Executive Power and Patron? age through the instrumentality of the Veto and the doctrine of 4 the Spoils.' These truths are ex? pressed in its very name. But while such has been the avowed and well understood fact on one side, what has been the actual state of things on the other ? There flaunts the nmme of Democracy, indeed ; but what docs it express 7 In what possible sense, not palpably at war with common sense, are Calhoun, Pickens cc Co. Democrats if the Autocrat Nicholas is not ? Nay, the case is stronger than this: for the latter is intent on abolishing personal servitude through? out his dominions, while Messrs. Calhoun, Mc Duffie, &c. boldly declare and resolutely insist that eternal slavery is the necessary and proper condi? tion of a large portion of the human race. To call these men and their supple and dospised in? struments, the Athertons, Floyds and Bownes from the North, Democrats, and affix a contrary desig? nation to the determined opponents of their Gag Laws, is to insult the reason of mankind. And ne unprejudiced observer of passing events can fail to discern and acknowledge that while tliore are individuals of democratic and others of aristo? cratic sentiments and feelings in each party and ia all parties among us, yet Democracy does not form, and for years has not formed, the real line of demarcation between them, and that the sys? tematic assertion of the contrary is but a trick of the designing to deceive the ignorant and unwary. But the fact to which we desired to call atten? tion is this?that the progress of evcats through the last ten years has been such as to induce a far greater uniformity of sentiment among the Whigs on the various questions really at issue before the country, while it has developed radical differences among our opponents. Now we have never sup? posed ?r imagined that there could be entire uni? formity of sentiment in the ranks of either host? that the cotton-plaater of Georgia, the squatter of Missouri, the wheat-grower of the Centre and the Manufacturer of New-England, though belonging to the same party, would think exactly alike oh all questions of Politieal Economy and National Policy which may arise?much less on all specu? lative questions. But no one can be ignorant of the fact that on the two main questions now at issue before the Conntry the Whigs are united, al? most to a man. Nearly every voice among them is raised to affirm the policy and duty of Protec? tion to Home Industry anc" of providing a Uni romtt National Currency. The few exceptions yet presented are every day becoming fewer and 1 ?till fewer. On the other hand, where arc our op? ponents?the vaunted party of principles ? In this City, the devotees of that utter non-resistance to grasping Foreign policy so grossly misnamed Free Trade; so in the Cotton States ; but not so in Vermont, in Pennsylvania, or in Massachusetts. There they are for Protection, and abuse the Whigs for not throwing every thing else overboard to secure it. So in Connecticut, as Gov. Cleve? land's Message testifies; so in Troy, where they assert that nobody is opposed to incidental Pro? tection. And thus they oscillate?or rather, va? cillate?between Protection and Free Trade? Hard Money and irredeemable Stato Banks? from Maine to Arkansas, changing hues with the cameleon and consistent but in inconsistency. But we seed not go abroad for eivdence.? Every shade of opinion en this great question, from almost right to wholly wrong, finds disciples and propagators in the Loco-Foco ranks of our owa State ; and so on other questions?Internal Improvement, for example. While the Whigs oc capy one well defined position on this, wo see Lo co~Focoism hostile to all faither prosecution of Stato Work* by Loans in half the State ; in favor of the speedy Enlargement ia the Canal Counties; of the Champlain Railroad in the North and the Erie in the South, and every where governed by the narrowest views of local advantage. No party ever presented so strange a diversity of per verseaess on any great question. Yet these are the gentlemen who habitually accuse the YVhiifs of a lack of common purposes, and vaant their own superiority as the party of consistency and of principlo! _____ _ ET We understand that Dr. David M. Reese of this city has bean appointed Professor of the Institute* of Medicine and Medical Jurisprudence in the Washington University of Baltimore, and that he has signified his acceptance of the chair. We learn that he will still retain his Professorship of Theology and Practice of Physic in the Castle ton Medical College, the duties in Vermont being performed in the spring and fall, while those at Baltimore will occupy him in thu winter. Dr. Reese has been a citizen of New-York for the hut fifteen years, and has been an extensive and successful practitionei among us both as a physician and surgeon. He has distinguished himself as a medical writer, and has held a high reputation as a Professor in moro than one of our Medical Colleges. We have full confidence that the University of our sister city will guin an at? tractive and popular lectarer by the appointment ef Dr. Reete. We wish for him a long career of popularity and usefulness. 05s The thermometer, from July 26th to Aa guit 1st, has oscillated between 56? and 88*>. a iuctuation of 32". On Sunday it foil 16* in t,Vo hours. Editorial Correspondence. Saratoga Hpring*. The Paviliow, July 31, 134i The ntftfiiMly sultry, dusty beat of yesterday was broken about sundown by a shower, or rather coalitk'a of thunder showers, from which the rain poured down with great energy, and this continued r.iaikly through the night. I have rarely if ever known a summer night in which the wind and storm sustemed a wilder chorus. Thi-- mornine :t had sooereddown a little, our sultry Southern gale trans firmed to a dullNortb-Kaster, the rain falling mod< ratciy and tapering oil through the day to a cool Scottish raist; but we get no sunshine and scarcely a dry hour this evening. Of course. I, who errrved just as the storm broke upon the vil? lage, have ?e sn nothing as yet; and only know that Saratoga is t! tinner than she has beea at this sea? son?the Hinted States :>eing tha only Hotel over? run as yet, and that only gave up taking new comers at midday yesterday, with her 300 apartments filled, and some 50 or GO guests colonized in adja? cent dwellings. Here at the Pavilion there are yet abundant ac? commodation-, in the midst of delightful shades and arbois, which render a dog day noon cool, fragrant and breezy. Tho Spring? arc all around, and fountains freshly filled from each Hand ever in the hall, especially calculated for such wet days as this. To-morrow I hope to sec and say something of the place, its people, and its visitors. The storm of last right must have done much damage to the unharvesteJ Grain and other grow? ing vegetation. I came up vest inlay over the Troy Railroad, and was surprised to find the route so pleasant. Every visiter to the SpH ->g" ?lw??M ?o.n? up by way of Troy and Waterford, returning by Schenectady and Albany, or rice versa, thus viewing the scenery on each and making comparisons for future guid? ance. If ycu wish' to stop in cither Albany cr Troy, yet reach the Springs by fair daylight, you can have half a day in either by taking the night boat from New-York and the Troy route. If you stop in Trov, come directly up to it in the small boat from Albany; if in Albany, take the stage thence to Troy at any hour up to 1 o'clock, and yoa are in time for the 3 o'clock train from Troy which reactes the Springs before 6 o'clock. The fare from Albany is the same ($1,50) either way : the time about A hours. c. The Coalition. The union between Loco-Focoism and Tylerism is rapidly approaching its consummation. The two parties have for some time been caning affec? tionate glances at each other, and their marriage must be near at hand, judging from the nuptial present which Loco-Focoism has just received.? The public printing was on Monday taken from the Albany Daily Advertiser and given to the Al? bany Argus. The Advertiser seems rather re? lieved by the removal of the incubus. n.s will be seen by the paragraph which we quote from its article on the subject: " The privilege of the publications referred to is as nothing compared with the gratification attend? ant on performing the patriotic duty of opposing such a President as John Tyler?of supporting tho Whip Cause and Hekry Clay?and of express? ing < ar opinions freoly, not only in relation to Mail Expresses, but on all other subjects in which the People are interested." The Custom Home Removals. The Plebeian seems to feel called upon to apol? ogize for tho Custom House removals of Monday, and 3ays that " the whole secret is probably the impoverished state of the treasury, and the abso? lute necessity of curtailing the number of public officers." The tF'cbeian appears to speak ' oy au? thority,' and must of course then be perfectly cor? rect in its assertions, but still we cannot help remarking a few singular coincidences in this con? nection. It ia singular that these removals should be mada just at the time when Mr. Tyler is draw? ing a division line between himself and the Whig party ! It is singular that the officers curtailed should be those whose devotion to Mr. Tyler was the most 'juspected ! It is singular that not wnc of the thorough-going supporters of Mr. Tyler should have their services dispensed with in con? sequence of " the impoverished state of the trea? sury !" It is singular that the removals should I take place an the same day on which the Albany Post Office Printing was taken Irom the Whig Daily Advertiser and given to the Loco-Foeo Ar? gus ! It is singular that the Loeo-Foco Plebeian should be selected as tho apologist for the pro? cedure ! It will ba'still more singular if Mr. Tyler doeu not soon find a necessity for filling up the va? cancies now made; and it will be the most singu? lar of all, if the new appointments arc not given to the collated, unsetupulous, and unwavering sup? porters of Mr. Tyler perse. The Ohio Legislature met at Columbus on the 25th. All the members of the Senate were present, and ail but two of the House. They ex? press themselves opposed to general legislation, and psssed a resolution to appoint a Joint Com? mittee to apportion the State into Districts. D53 Mr. Mason, of Ohio, a valuable business member of Congress, has announced in a ]*>tt??r dated July 19, his determination not to be again a candidate for Congresss. D33 A schooner was capsized in Chesapeake Bay on Sunday morning, and a Gorman passenger drowned. Several vessels were driven on shore in the same gale. Dr. Hamilton, of Burke Co., Ga., was killed on the 23J ult by leaping from his sulkev while his horse was rucning away. Thk " Better Csrrescy.''?The traveler in die West now experiences the full advantages of the " better currency " afforded by the State Banks. The specie standard is established at Cincinnati, Louisville, St. Louis, and New Or? leans, and iii Indiana; and yet the traveler at lite West, starting with the specie bank paper of either of these points, will often find it necessary to change his funds. With Ohio or New Orleans paper he cannot move nn inch in the interior of Ketitusky. At every change of his funds he must loss from 3 to 10 per cent, discount. Specie payiag New Or? leans funds ar* 5 to 10 per cent, discount here, and Indiana ut 3. At St. Louis, Kentucky paper is quoted at 4 and 5 per cent, discount. If the traveler wishes for something that will pass lor its face every where, he must purchase American gold ; e.od he cannot get that for les* than 3 per cent, premium on silver money. For a commer? cial and ever-travelling people like this, with twenty-six States, all with their banks, to attempt to get on without some National currency is a^ absurd as it would be to dispense with steamboats on the Mississistsippi and return to the old barge and flatboa.. [Louisville Jour. Fire is Baltimore.?A fire broke out this morning in the warehouse No. 67 S. Calvert street, owned by J. B. Morris, F.sq. and occupied as a bacon store by Messrs. L. &. G. Cassard, which destroyed the whole interior of the building with its contents. There was a full insurance on the warehouse in the Equitable Society. This we are told, makes tbv third time within a year past tliat these gentlemen hare been l?arnt out. ^[B&lt. Pat., Aug. ]. The Philadelphia Riot. We find in the Philadelphia papers of yester? day farther particulars of the disgraceful scenes which have been occurring in that city. After the disturbance in the negro procession, tri?.1 rioters at? tacked the residences of the blacks in Lornbard-st. and broke in their windows, doors, >tc. One of the assailed discharged a gun and wounded several of the crowd of boys. A rush was made upon the blacks, and several dragged from die house and severely beaten, so that their recovery is doubtful. Many dangerous wounds were received on both sides. Upward of twenty rioters were arreved and brought before the Mayor. Great numbers of colored people crowded the ferry boat* during the latter part of the day. seeking safety on the other side of the Delaware. The particulars of the too successful incendiary attempts which took place the same night will be found below in our correspondent's letter : Correspondence of The Tribune. Philadelphia, Tuesday, 10 A. M. Messrs. Editors,?lam happy to assure you that oar city is all quiet after the exciting events of last night. The full details, which ifOU will find in our morning papers, must be taken with some grains of allowance. From intelligence this mo? ment received at the Mayor's office, it is positively I ascertained that not a solitary death ha* occurred I frem first to last in this unfortunate affair. Some serious injury has been sustained, however, from which death will probably ensue. Eight blacks and three white men are now lying in our Hospital, bruised and battered in a most shocking manner, besides the numbers who have found an asylum elsewhere. The large, hall in Lombard street, to which the torch was applied about nine o'clock last night, was a fine unfinished edifice, belonging to a wealthy colored man residing out of the city. It was in? tended as a place of general meeting for the blacks, and the cry of " Abolition," which was got up against it, ensured its destruction. The church in St. Mary's street, within a few rods of the above, was fired while the firemen were engaged in pour? ing water on the surrounding buildings. Not a particle of water was suffered to fall upon the two edifices, which were left to the full rage of the ele? ments, and the flames at tho same time sent up a glare that illuminated the city, spreading dismay and consternation among the citizen.-. The blacks were scattered [ and concealed in every direction, and their fears were .excited to the highest pitch. The origin of the riot is cor? rectly stated in my note of yesterday. Some ban? ners were displayed in the procession cemmem morative of the West India emancipation, which were doubtless of an injudicious character, but had nothing of the daring und rash designs asserted mi seme of the papers. 'Liberty and Equality,' or something to that effect, with the picture of an emancipated slave, being about the amount of the aggression in this war. The arrangements made by our worthy and effi? cient Mayor are such as to ensure the peace of the city, and nothing further will be attempted. At least, such ia now the impression. Should any thing occur to-day, you shall be apprised in time for your morning's edition. The presence of the firemen tended as much to allay the excitement and check the disorderly spirits in the mob, as any influence that was exei cised upon the occasion. They forced their ap? paratus through tho dense crowd, and with the exception of refusing to play upon the burning buildings, exerted themselves with a determined and manful spirit. Perhaps this very refusal to extinguish the flames of the obnoxious buildings, was a concession to the fierce revenge of the mob, that tended essentially to soothe tho excitement. Every movement throughout this disgraceful pro? ceeding?every outrage from first to last was pre ceeded by a iotof rowdy boys who are, on all such occasions foremost and are encouraged by those who are either afraid or ashamed to load. Not? withstanding the immense number on the ground, amounting at times to ten or fifteen thousand, it was surprising how few took part in the riot, ex? cept by encouraging it with their presence. The great 'distress' meeting yesterday resulted in nothing but the proposal of a grand procession and the passing of some resolutions. DC?3 We are very far from uniting in our corres? pondent's suggestion of even the policy of the conduct of the firemen in refusing to assist in ex? tinguishing the fire. We look upon their course as a shameful dereliction in duty, and a most repre? hensible yielding to the lawless violenco of the mob. They had no right to inquire what caused the conflagration to whom the burning building be? longed ; their duty was te extinguish the fire, and by neglecting to do bo, they made themselves par? ticipators in the. crime, and covered themselves with ignominy second only to that of the pcrpstra tors of the act. Emigration to Wisconsin.?The Cleveland Herard says the tide of emigration ihrougb the Lake channel this season is set'.ing into Wisconsin Territory with great force. The rich fanning lands ef the Territory offer great inducesnent6 to agticul taralists. and as yet no State indebtedness threatens high taxation. The last Southport American says: " We are told that in Milwaukie the emigrants have to lodge Jn the streets; in Racine every tavorn is crowded: in Southport the taverns are full; there is scarcely a room to let, and one bouse has, we believe, thirty families in the chambers." Characteristic and Right.?Keepers of Temperance Houses complain that their friends enjoy their rooms and other accommodations with? out ever rendering an ?qui%'alent. A correspond? ent mentions a little incident characteristic of Mr. Clay and his generosity. On his return home, he stopped at a tavern and asked for a glass of cool water, offering one at the same time to the stage driver. He requested a second glass, which was rather gruffly given, as the tavern keeper supposed he was supplying him gratuitously. His face changed essentially when Mr. Clay handed him a piece of silver, which the man at first refused, but which he fiaally consented to receive as an equiv? alent for the refreshment he had given, whether rum or water. [Phil. Journal. Disappearance of Elder Orson Pratt? The Warsaw- Signal, a paper published near Nau voo, stales that information had been received at Warsaw of the sudden disappearance of Eider Orson Pratt, a prominent Mwrmon. He left a pa l>er, stating that his disappearance was caused by Joe Smith's treatment of his wife, and by some wrong doing in the church. He confirms Gen. Ben? nett's statement relative to Joe Smith's attempt to seduce Mrs. Pratt. It was supposed by some iu Nauvoo that he had committed suicide, and about 500 were out in search of him. Fire.?The drug store of T. N. Holliiter, on River street, was discovered tobe on fire Saturday night, about half-past ten o'clock. The engines were promptly on hand, and the fire was extin? guished. Cause of fire not ascertained. ; [Troy Whig. O" The civil functionaries and the naval officers of France, new in this city, desire us to make known, that funeral rites will be celebrated at the Catholic Cathedra', this morning, at 10 o'clock, in memory of the late. Ferdinand Phillipe Louis Charles Henri d'Orleans, Duke of Orleans, Prince Royal, born at Palermo on the 3d September, 131", and deceased at Paris, the 12tb of July, 1&?. Columbia COLLEGE.?We learn from the | American that Nathaniel F. Moore, LL. D., long a Professor of the Latin and Greek languages in Columbia Cellese. thonsh not connected with it for some years past, was on Monday chosen Presi? dent of the College, vice Wa. A. Dieb,, resigned, j The Editor briefly but emphatically adds. "Dr. ! Moore is a scholar and a gendeman." We can i give our most hearty assent to this ; but, comprc ! hensiveas it i?, i: leaves much untold. Dr. Moore ! was distinguished in his Professor's Chair for the ! comprehensiveness with which he entered into the i spirit of the ancieat autbers. and the wide extent : of learning which he gathered from all quarters to I illustiate bis favorite studies. His urbanity and dignity of manner won the attachment and com? manded the respect of the students, and sis re? signation of his post excited general and deep re i gret. He has lateiy returned from an extended J tour tlirough Europe and the East, and is wel? comed back by an election to this honorable and "distinguished station. The appointment is one which will be generally popular, particularly among the alumni, who have had the best oppor? tunity ;o learn and appreciate his wotth. The Croten Waiter Debt. To the Editor of The Tribune : The debt already created by the construction of the Croton Aqueduct, laying down distributing pipes within the City, and the payment of interest upon the water loans, amounts to about $12,000.00'J The work is now so fur completed that three-fourths of the inhabitants of the City may be supplied from it with ' pure und wholesome water,' This being the case, the question naturally arises. Ought not the City now to pay the interest of this lntjo debt without resorting to further loans, thereby increasing its amount ? To this question there can surely be but one answer. If. then, the City ought to pay this interest as it accrues, and the annaa! charges for superintendence and re? pairs, how can the money be most conveniently and equitably raised ? Three modes have beon suggested, viz: 1st. By incrensing the general tax on real and personal property sufficiently to raise the whole amount, and allow the water to be free. 2d, By allowing as many as choose to take the water at an annual rent, and raisin? the ba? lance by an increase of the general tax. And 3d. By assessing upon the houses and lots in nl! streets where distributing pipes arc, or may be laid, a sufficient amount to pay the whole of the interest and other charges. The first mode is so manifestly unjust that it deserves no considera? tion. The second would be the true one, only that it? operation would be so slow at first that it would produce nearly the same injustice as raising the whole amount by taxation, and it is liable to the objection that the water-taker would pay both rent and tax for the use of the water, in perhaps equal amounts. The third mode is objected to, because only the real estate of tho City would be subjected to its operation, and the large amount of personal property owned by the citizens would escape its share of the burthen. This objection has some weight, but it is by no means certain that it would be more unjust than it would be to make it pay equally with the real estate, which is principally benefited by the use of the water. A plan which appears to unite the advantages of the seeond and third, but is more equitable them either alone, and can conveniently be carried into practice, is as follows. At die end of the present season there will be laid down in the City about 130 miles of distributing pipes; these will pass in front of about 44.0'JO lots ; of these about one quarter mav be vacant, one-quarter have two-story bouses upon them, and the remaining half have three-story houses, or other valuable buildings.? Let the vacant lots be assessed $4 each-.$44,000 Two-story houses and lots $10 each_$110,000 Three-story houses, &c. $14 each.$308,000 This will produce per annum.$462,000 whether the owners or occupants take the water or not. If it is taken and used for any othor than ordinary domestic purposes n further sum would be charged. These additional charges there is good reason to believo will within one year amount to $120,000 per annum. This added to the assess? ments brings the amount to $582,000 per annum. Now as about $750,000 per annum will be re? quired ; a further sum of $168,000 must be raised, which can be done conveniently and equitably by increasing the general tnx upon real and personal property to that extent. The reasons in favor of this mixed plan of assessment and general tax are, that it is equitable and convenient; equitable, be? cause the real estate which receives the greatest amount of banefit will bear the largest proportion of the burthen, and again, those water takers who have large establishments and pay large water rents, will not have those rents very materially in? creased by the addition to the general tax which will be required to supply the balance of the de? mand upon the water fund. In the second place it can be executed conveniently; all the arrange? ments must be as complete find perfect for collud? ing the rents from voluntary tenants as they will require to be for collecting a goneral assessment: the only difference will be the payment of one or more additional collectors. The water tenants must all be called upon semi annually for their rents?they never yet in any place did, and there is no reason to expect that they wiU now here in New-York, call voluntarily at the office of the Water Board for the purpose of making payment. Collectors aiu3t therefore be employed if the rent is over collected, and when these aro making their rounds through the city, it will not add materially to the labor to call at every house instead of every second or third. The col? lecting machinery must bo had and it may as well be used. Will the present City Government take measures to prevent the increase of this already large debt, or will they, like some of their prede? cessors, continue to borrow money to pay the ac? cruing interest ? I>*TERESTlt?a Decision.?We learn from the Boston Advertiser, that in the Court of Common Pleas on Thursday, in the case depending upon the attachment law of Massachusetts, Chief, ustire Williams ruled that a tooth brush is neither n " tool of trade" nor " household furniture.' nor " wearing apparel," and was not exempt from at? tachment ; but his honor was clearly of opinion that a thimble in actual use, could not be taken for debt in Massachusetts. St?r?.?A postscript to a letter dated at "Read? ing, Pa. on Saturday, mentions the occurrence of a frightful storm on the previous evening in that vi? cinity. Hail fell in large quanitiea, and the thun? der und lightning wore tremendous. A.stable was burnt and two barns were set on fire in the envi? rons of the tows. [Phil. Journal. HT The sudden and violent changes of temperature; which are now so unfortunately frequent, are producing their u*ual dangerous effects in the form of coughs and colds. These if neglected are the sure precursors of that fata] and insidious disease, Consumption, weich last week caused thirty-two deaths in this city alone. We know of no better preventive or this deadly result than Doctor House? man's German Couch Drops. They have within the space of a few years acquired for themselves a reputation, unparalleled in the history of medicines. The remedy has worked it* way into public estimation, without any effort on the part of the proprietor?ne puffing has beea prac? tised?no recourse has been had to tbe public channels of communication, to give it celebrity. Its reputa?on is based on its intrinsic merits, supported by inccntestible proofs that it is good aud useful, aud dial it lias performed cures, by many regarded as miracles. Voluntary certificates are given by die ttost respectable men of Hudson, (where it is pre? pared,) of its real and remarkable virtues. Even physicians, usually averse to advertised medicines, certify to the merits of this. It has proved the most effectual remedy for colds, coughs, asthma, raising of blood, and all affections of uae breast and luugs, leading to Consumption, that has ever come Uefere Use public; it has also been used in severe cases of cholics, cramps, intiuenzas, whooping coughs, croups, worms, dysentery, dysp*psia, eruptions, itc- It is prepared by John J. Davis, Hudson, Columbia Co., N. Y., and is sold in this city by A. B. 4c D. Saads; Marcus Hurd , J. R. Smith; M. Cbeeseraan b. Co.: Jaine H. Hart, kx. -jfcsfr To the Whigs of the State of Sew-York. The publisher* of the Albany Argus having ad? vertised an Extra Edition of their Weekly paper lot general dissemination through the State, in view oi the approaching Election, trie publishers ot Tv.i. ?Ne'.v-York Tribune, at the suggestion of a tew friends of the Good Cause, have been ind need to submit to their Whig brethren the propriety ot is suinganExtra Edition of The Weekly Tribune. Wc make this annotmoemcnt with some relucr ance. in view of the hardness of the times an-1 the embarrassments which we doubt not are shared by uur friends of the Whig Cou>- :v Press. Nobly have they deserved of their fellow-citizens : meagre enough has too commonly been their reward: and if we believed the issue of aa Extra Tribune calculated seriously to diminish their circulation or support we should decline it. We think, however, experience has proved that such is not the effect, and that the widest circulation of the City and Country journals is usually found to co-exi?t in the same Counties a.id at the same period. The issue of an Extra Argus, which will of course be forced in'n general perusal through all the machinery of 4 the Pam : ' the great import? ance of the pending struggle in this State, which is calculated to exeil an important influence over the shape as well as the result of the Presidential contest: the pendency of the great vital questions of Protection to Am eric is Lasor and the pro? secution of Interval /mi iovbment, all give to the approaching election ot Governor, Members of Congress, and Legis.?iure, (which last is to elect a U. S. Senator for six years ensuing.) a gravity and importance which can hardly be over-esti? mated. Whether the issue of an Extra Edition of the Weekly Tribune is calculated to aid in pro? curing a just and beneficent Popular Decision of these weighty topics is a question which the Whigs of the State will determine. The Extra Tribune (corresponding precisely with our usual Weekly edition) will be commenced on the first Saturday in September, and issued regularly for thirteen weeks thereafter, or until the result of the State Election sha" have been fully ascertained and declared. It will be afforded at the following rater? For 1. copy.(three months) .... 50c. " ? copies_ " " .... $~ 15 " .... " *: .... 5 - 32 " .... " " ....-40 and any larger number in the lust proportion. Ths We> kly Tribune, it ma\be remembered, is just 'icicc ihr size--." ? The Lns Cabin of 1840, and contains more thn- twice the matter, though charged but the same postage. It will therefore be fully as cheap as that veil known paper.? It will ardently advr *tc the protection of American Labor, the vigorous prosecution of our Internal Improvements not by grudging and maligning foes, but by consistent and zealous friends; and the election of Henry Clat as next President. Payment in advance mi:st be inflexibly insist? ed on. Subscriptions are respectfully solicited by Grkelky & McElrath, 30 Ann-st. NCK-York, July 30, 1842. Rhode Islakd.?It is perfectly evident to us that more trouble is brewing, Rnd that another ef? fort will bo made to disturb the peace <>f commu? nity. We caanot, of course, believe that this new enterprize will be attended with any better success than those of a similar character which have trans? pired ; but that it will be ?et on foot, and speedily, the information \ have picked up from various quarters compeu u - to believe. There was .?t_*>ry brought to this city last Sat? urday, in regard to certain indications near Ox? ford, Massachusetts, of an unpropitious character, to say the least. The story is not generally cred? ited. We believe it entitled to far more credit than it receives. We believe there exists an organized plan to firw our city. If the truth were known there scarcely has been a night during tlie past week but some attempt at incendiarism has been dis? covered, and perhaps awful consequences arrested by the timely aid of our patrol, whose services, by the way, cannot be too highly appreciated. We would stmngly urge a continuance of our organization, both military and civil; and we woald beg all good citizens of all parties and per? suasions to fall into the ranks in sustaining the peace and welf'jvc of our State and city. The next attack will be a sudden orn.-. No show of en? campment will l>e made?no mustering of forces? no slow, tardy movement; Sut a sudden dash, a< it were, will be attempted. fProv. E Chron. Tyler Men.? Wc observe by the New V'ork papers that the Tyler party are endeavoring to ef? fect a n?w organization under the very suspicious name of " The Patriots," and have learned that a new penny ci twopenny paper is shortly to be es? tablished in thhioir* to aid the Patriot cause. Un? der whose immediate auspices the new press is to he ushered into existence, we cannot pretend to say. Not, we are sure, the Custom-hou?e, and we hope not the Commissary o~. Pitrchases and Subsistence. Certainly it will have ;o r- iy on something besides the voluntary principle. A7 to the new name which the Administration adherents mean intake, no one will quarrel with them n.jout it. The last time it was used, if we recollect rightly, was on the Cana? da frontier, by a disinterested set of men who were looking wistfully across the border, and cast long iag eyes at the plunder which was to reward their sympathy. The result we all remember. Tho Patriots dwindled away, unsu^tnined any where by confidence and regard, and are now almost forgot? ten. The Tyler FatrioL* are, we suspect, very much of a frontier party?borderers in every sense. [Phila. Gazette. Forsert in Illinois.?A system of fraud and forgery has just been discovered in the Auditor's office of Illinois, by which that State will be a loser to th3 amount, it is said, of three hundred /Aon sand dollars. The perpetrator of these forgeries is Milton H. Walsh, a young man who has been a clerk in the office of the Treasurer and Auditorfor several years past, and has hitherto born? an irre? proachable character. Confined Air.?You will not, I trust, preter? mit the abstract of the proceedings of the Acade? my of Sciences, in which are mentionad, in some detail, Le Blanc's researches into the com? position of confined u.;'. They are highly import? ant for the gTeat end -rf p*:.v? * health. The ex? periments and infereno s ci the chemist show at what intervals air should be renewed in these apartments; the evils of a neglect of ventilation for man and horse; the utility of trees in the in? terior or neighborhood of cities; the injury sus? tained by thefrequentation of crewded assemblies, and other points of hygiene that ceme. hemc to as all. even the most robust constitutions. [Paris Corres. Nat. Intel. Spontaneous Combustion.?A case of gpon tancjus combustion occurred in Hartford, Conn., recently. In drawing tmse?d oil. sowie of it was spilt on the floor; it wa?! absorbed by a coarse sponge, and placed on a the?r?the smell of some? thing burning led to an examination of the premises, when the sponge was found in a -t?te of combus? tion and just ready to burst into a flame. Only about two hours .-.id elapsed b*tween the time of using the sponge and the discovery. FJ3* A celebrated French Surgeon contends that groaning and crying are the two grand operations by which nateie allays r.;;guish. He is always pleased by the -tying and violent roaring of a pa? tient, during tl*e time he is performing a severe suigica! operation, because be is satisfied that he will thereby soothe his nervous system so as to prevent fever, and ensure a favoiablc termination. IIY THIS MORNING'S MAIL. Philadelphia Kioto Renewed. Correspondence of The Tribnne. Philadelphia, Aug. 2, IMi 4* o'clock P. if, Messrs. Editors : As the mail ;.s ttbout dos? ing, I hasten to communicate the unpleasant in lelligence of a continuance of the riots, Cooirars to tho favorable indications of this morning, ther? are symptoms ot a mote bloody and disastroo; battie than any thing we have yet had. The entire military volunteer force of the c.tv and county have been ordered out to ntd the o.vfl authorities, on a requisition of the Sheritf. utoupi have been assembling all over the city threugbvot the day, throwing out various threatening>. among which is the destruction of every church, hall and public edifice belonging to the blacks. A large crowd of persons is assembled a.ouud the Mayor's Office, where an examination . : prisoners arrested last night is now goiug on.-? The Councils have had a special meeting on tL* occasion, appointing u Committee of three front each body, and placing $5,000 at their disposal for the purpose of securing the peace ot the city at all hazard ?>. The blanks are flying, bag and baggage, in every direction from the city. A number in passing over the Bridge were assailed by a c>.*iy ol Irish labor? er-, when a serious ri^ht ensued, followed b\ the destruction ot* several houses in that iieighbrbVod. The sheriff it is said found himself unable tost pprtss tho riot, and was driven from the ground, Large, numbers of the police are stationed upon the the? atre of last night's disturbance, and at otberpuints where outrages have t'.g.tiu taken place, but the only effect which their presence .has is to ii crease the excitement and draw spectators to the simS. The apprehensions are of the most serious na? ture ; but I trust the arrangements made by the city authorities, aided as they are by the full force of tho miiitaryTwill bo found fully adequate tor this trying emergency. The volunteer companies are now assembling, and there is no question < i the most prompt and effectual action in the matter. The outrages which are casting so foul a reproach upon our city must aud will bo put down at all hazards and let the consequences be what they may. .\aturnlixntion?Revenue?Distribution? Appropriation??Army, *%tc. Ace. Correspondence of the Tribune. Washington, August 1. In Senate to-day, Mr. Evans reported fiuw the Committee on Vinnnee the Army Appropria? tion bill, with the recommendation of the appoint? ment of a Committee of Conference. The sulijtet was laid over. .Mr. Walker, according to notice, asked have to introduce a bill to reduce from ten to five years the residence required for the naturalization of foreigners. Mr. W. briefly enforce. 1 the reasons for the introduction of the bill, referring in sup? port of its passage td the original act oh this sub jeet which fixed this length of time, and uiguiug that by reducing the number of aliens among ui its effect would be beneficial in reducing titecasci, already too numerous, which come under the juris? diction of the Federal Conrts, and enabling for? eigners w ho come among us with the bona tide in? tent inn of settling here and who purchased i'Vr lands, sooner to arrive at the privileges of citizen ship. Mr. Archer briefly replied opposing tho rea? sons urged and holding that the time fixed at pre? sent wus tho proper one. He moved to lay the. motion of leave.en the table ; curried?Yea-21, Nays 18. The bill from the House for the occupation of Florida was briefly discussed by Messrs. Ben ion, Linn and Preston in support and by Messrs. White, and Woodbury in opposition. It v.as then passed; Yeas 24. Nays 16, and tints awaits only the signature of the President to become a law. The Revenue bill was then taken up, Mr. Bu? chanan's motion pending to strike out the sec? tion repealing the proviso of tho Distribution Act suspending distribution when duties are above 20 p?r cent. Mr. B. spoke of the miserable pittance which would be derived from die hinds by the States, the proceeds during the former half of tke present year amounting only to $380,000- For the sake of this were they t? continue the country in bankruptcy, and deprive the great interests of the country of Protection I It was well known that the President had declared solemnly that he would not sanction duties above twenty per cent while distribution was continued. Some conversa? tion followed on the question whether it was in order to refer to the opinions of iho Executive. Mr. B. referred to a public document, which showed the opinions of the Executive o:ie month ago, 6o that his present opinion might be interred. Mr. Archer hoped that the opinions sf the Pr?sident had changed in one month. Mr. Crit tenden eloquently contended that it was for in? dependence of Congress on the veto power of the President?for the principle of the thing?that tho Distribution was to be continued. Mr. Iall mabge advocated the continuance to the States of their property from the lands, and the imposition, independently, of a ^Tariff sufficient to afibrd reve? nue und protection to the domestic industry of our country. Mr. Archer talked of the independ? ence hI" die Legislature over the Executive, rather then yield which he would see the Government dissolved. Mr. Llit<s exhorted the Whigsnotto adjourn Congress until sufficient revenue was pro? vided for, and threatened them with being in dan? ger of Lynching in case they disobeyed. Mr. WaLKJCR went into a defence of ' Capt. T.' and condemned this and the : Small Tariff" bill as an attempt to ' head' the Presideat. Me. Bagbt obtained the floor and the Senats adjourned. In the HoosE Mr. Briggs reported from tho Committee on Post Offices und Roads, a bill to es? tablish certain post reuws. The bill regulating and appropriating for cettain objects heretofore included in general appropria? tion biils without other uuthority of law wis taken up the question being on its engrossment. Mr. Gentry moved to recommit the bill with instruc-j tions and advocated the motion at some length ob? jecting to the bill in its present form, on account of its providing for certain new offices, and for so great an am?unt of contingencies: and arraigning, the Committee of Ways and Means for not cany--' ing out the reductions to which they were instruct? ed by the House. Mr. J. R. Ingersoll briefly defended the Com? mittee of Ways and Means. Mr. Fessssde? moved the previous question; and the bill was passed. The House resolved itself into a Committee of the whole on the ?oionT(Mr, Fessendkn in the Chair) and a struggle for priority of business en? sued, Mr. Adams moving to take up the French Spoliation bill, Mr. Cashing, the Exchequer bill (which caused a general Durst of brighter) and several other motions being made A motion by Mr. Stanly prevailed, and the Senate bill for the re-organization of the Army was taken up, which it will be remembered abolishes the offices of Commissary General uf Purchases, of Super intendenu of Armories, &c. and reduces, the Army to 3,884 selected men, instead of 7.323, as proposed by the proviso of the House to the Appropriation bill. Mr. Stanly, Chairman of the Military Committee, briefly explained the amend? ments of tiie Committee and the bill and urged the Committee to act on this subject, without de> bate, at this late period of the session. Mr. Ca** Johnson moved an amendment to strike out ail after the onacting clause and insert a section re? pealing the act of 1838 for the increase of the Ar"t my, (thus reducing the Army to the standard ot 1321 with the exception of the two regiments of dragoons added since that time.) This proposi? tion was debated until adjournment. Argwj.
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