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New-York Tribune from New York, New York • Page 2

New-York Tribune from New York, New York • Page 2

New-York Tribunei
New York, New York
Issue Date:
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

rid without a man- i ra the American people or the Am. i ii Congress. Inst? ad of the natural association of nations with common interests, we have the United States, through its i President, dominating the peace cil, the war-exhausted nations, doubt, fear, suspicion and discord are I only partly concealed behind the veil of privacy with which the work of the conference has been enveloped. Doubts League's Success Pine words butter no parsnips, and while Mr. Wilson may present to the conference a beautiful paper constitu? te league of nations, it is questionable whether or not his influ? ence has contributed to laying the es? sential foundations of a successful league, An unregenerate and insolent Ger which is not yet imposed en of reparation for wilful de? struction of industrial France and Bel? gium must be dealt with in the spirit i austere justice before the founda of any enduring association of powers can be laid.

If France, Belgium. Italy nd Rumania are not satistied the justice of America's attitude, they bow her power but cannot aid in the accomplissaient; of her pur- poses. We will have no balance of but a dominance of American i power, to produce that result. Doubtful if League Draft Will Be Ready Before W'ilson Sails Feb. The Commission of the League of Nations this morning considered numerous amendments to and added two new articles to the draft, according to an official an? nouncement to-night.

Several of the amendments were referred to a draft? ing committee. official communication says: "Tue eighth meeting of the com mission on the league of nations was held this morning at the Hotel Crillon. The meeting was devoted tc the consideration of a ol am? ndments to the draft, which had been submitted. After a discussion had developed the sense of meeting, the several amendments I were referred to a drafting commit- composed of M. Larnaude, Lord Robert Cecil, M.

Venizelos and M. Vesnitch, who will meet at the Hotel Majestic to-morrow morning. "Two articles were added to the draft. "The commission will meet again at 10:30 Thursday morning at the Hotel de Grillon, when the draft will be subjected to its second reading." a result of to-day's meeting of peac conference commission on ty of nations doubts were ex for the first time that the project for the organization of the 1 be completed before President Wilson's departure for the Unit' Quest arisen within the 1" ch of such a nature prolong the discussions, given r.AQ to serious ap i that ti perfected draft of will rot be completed by Feb Irt, which the date provisional President's departure, ion of the commission to a protracted one, which lasted 15 o'clock this afternoon. It is at among other subjects I was the project for an in ry force, urged by Bourgi of the French delega contention, it.

is ci i hould be i that it should be i i ranee, as France was the stral ntre of Europe and the na ly atened. The commission adjourned for two i i vhich time the committee 11 make effort to have the draft Ttrfected for presentation at the next mmission. There is differei ce i iew regarding pi osais and this causi failure to cora as expected. Wilson Plans Second Trip President Wilson's in? tention not to abandon the peace con? ference upon the ratification of the so tj of nations plan is found in the disclosure yesterday that he plans to return from Washington by March To. ko brief a stay at Wash it to permit only the signing of the closing hours of ongr su.

It is understood that Mr. Wilson intends to give personal atten tioi in Paris to the work of the Su? preme i cutive Council, which prom? ise the most important feature of the peace conference after the dis il of the society of nations. The Supreme War Council, although hearing the clain of Belgian dele? gates in support of the French view that, their country should be protected me footing as Germany, expected to refer this matter to an economic committee, is now evi me War Council entirely of this ques regarded as an economic, a mi'itary question. Propose Occupation of Essen The Supreme Economic Council, about to be organized, is ex pectcd to consider French and Relgian and other German ghould be occupied to i i ture of munitions a question which ty of Germany to pay heavy indemnities through prod i it the Ameri of Ger on production can be well assured by a system of authorized inspection by Entente would permit German in dustr es to continue with nafety to the Ail" A statement issued by the official explains that the Supreme not to be confused omic of the conference. The Supreme Eco ide economic ng the armistice.

'1 hi Economic on will advise the conference on economic ques? tions in connection with the pence The French and Belgian plea that be permitted to recour enormous losses by the destruc? tion of their industrial plants through of Gorman industrien un um have been re? is met the Americar bar? i by the British oyld Be reimbursed by cash Indemnities imm Germany onable time. The Su Economic Council can the distribution of raw material? be tv. i bo aa to insure Franc? and Belgium of ft proper advantag? fjvet Germany prevent the lattei from gaining the world's markets. May Shorten AiwrlcanV Stay Once divested of Its econdml? features, for an exten military armistice can is b'-lieved ccr I I roop? not bi as permanent garrison? ir ii longer than Is neces 01 in the carrying out of ths commet the armistice. Koosevelt.

of the State? Navy virtually com pi the work ol Awntan shorn sta tiens In France, lie will return Wilson at Peace Table Wields Greatest Power In History of World I ont limed from piase 1 rhich we fought and fail to receive nancial relief from war costs." "Twice a month our people pet. meat cat." said one Italian, "and the gov- rr.ment fears to demobilize the army tecause the high cost of living and the lestruction of industries will cause dis ress among the disbanded men" Mr. Wilson dominates the situation, nly the Japanese and the British co onials being able to defy him. The of the three great European illies fear him and the delegates of he smaller states constantly seek his avor. He is the overwhelming figure if the conference, being alone free mm fear for the welfare of the coun ry he represents and not doubting hat his judgment, is safer and better determining the solutions of the problems of the world than those of he European statesmen.

The real business of the conference conducted in the five-power council ten, and because of the personal md private method indicated above hero is somewhat of an inquisitorial iiethod about this council, which do? lidos in advance what smaller states shall bo heard and summons the rep? resentatives thereof before it. Some imes these minor representatives find hemselves in Mr. Wilson's favor, they are more delighted han if all the others premiers favored hem. The five-power council also deter nines when plenary sessions shall be America on the George Washington vith President Wilson. Irritation Over "League Army' Is Somewhat Abated By Frederick Moore New York Tribune Special Cable Service I Ighl 1919, A'urk Tribu? Inc.) PARIS, Feb.

1). The personal ir? ritation which developed between Wilson and Premier Cle? menceau over the question of France's security caused the report yesterday that Mr. Wilson intended to insist upon the transfer of the peace congerence to another capital. Continued criticism of the Presi? dent in the French press, coupled with references by M. Clemenceau in the Five-Power Council to the unsatisfac? tory character of President Wilson's theories caused what yesterday was made to appear a crisis, but to-day tempers already have abated.

France desires a provision in the league of nations constitution for the establishment of an international force for the defence of her borders against Germany, but the Americans declare they are unable to accede because of the restrictions of the American Con? stitution. The alternative is offered of limiting of German armaments, and a similar solution is offered to Italy in giving her naval domination of the Adriatic, but not Fiume or the Dalmatian coast below that city. The Jugo-Slavs will not be permitted to possess a navy. The Al ies have been given to under? stand clearly that Mr. Wilson will agree to imposing the fullest repara? tion Germany is able to pay, but many of the Allied delegates fear the Presi? dent will contend she is unable to pay much.

The American commission de? sires to open immediately free, com? mercial communication with neutrals, but the French and Italians particu? larly point out their own serious dis? tress should be first relieved. The Bolsheviki have expressed theit I inability of reaching Prinkipo, and have suggested that the conference be i tween the Allies and themselves take place on the Aland Islands, off Stock holm. Wilson to Sail From Brest on Feb. 16, Says Paris Corresyondenl LONDON. Feb.

11. President Wil? son will sail from Brest for New York on February 16, according to Reuter'? Paris correspondent. PARIS, Feb. 11. In the interval be tween the meeting of the peace con ferencc commission on a society of na tions and the session of the Supreme Council to-day, President Wilson re? ceived the Prince of Wales at thi Murat mansion.

The prince called or the President in company with hi: staff. BRUSSELS, Feb. Hoover, lead of the Allied Relief Or ganization, has arrived here, havinf come principally because Presiden Wilson was unable to visit Brussels Mr. Hoover will represent the Presi dent in conferences with Belgian off; I Allies May Shorten Armistice Periods To Ten Days Eacl PARIS, Feb. The Associate Press).

A proposal to change the A' lied armistice policy and greatly short en the armistice periods IS understoo to be before the Supreme War Coui cil. Thin proposal calls for the limitin of the armistice periods to about te days, at the end of which time nc terms would be imposed on Germany. The sentiment is expressed by man in attendance) on the peace confer enee that this would give the Allie a better hold on the situation an enable them to meet the constantl i changing conditions. No intimation i given as to the attitude of the Su preme War Council In the matter. The Supreme Council at this after noon'? session heard the Belgian dele 1 gates, Hymans, Vandenheuvel and Van dcrvelde, who set forth the variou 1 claims of their country.

The ncx will bo held to-morrow at 1 o'clock. The official statement on the mcel Ing 3 "The President of the United States and the representatives ot i the Allied and associated Poweri met at the Quai d'Orsay thin after noon from it to o'clock. "The Belgian delegation, composed of MM, Hymans, Varfdonhouvcl am Vanderveldo, stated the different rri-i of Belgium. "Tin? next meeting wil take place Wednesday at 1) a. Mathias Erzberge and tho members of tho German Armisth Commission preparing to Weimar to-day, according to di held, and it is significant that only one has been held since the original as? sembly.

At that meeting r. Wilson, speaking, said that not the statesmen but the peoples of the nations wer-1 going to make the peace, and half ar. hour later, at the same plenary sos sion, Premier Clemenceau, in a dispute with representatives of the small na- tions. announced, in effect, that the council of ten was going to make it. Mr.

Wilson dominates the council, I whose constant fear is that he will resume his speeches to the people their people- particularly the French and Italians. When the President returns to Amer? ica this week he will take with him the of veto over the Paris confer? ence and only details will be agreed upon without his approval. Many mat? ters will bo held up until his return because of this condition. Mr. Lloyd George has gone back to London and Premier Orlando will soon return to Rome.

We can summarize the three impor? tant factors that give Mr. Wilson the greatest power on earth thus: 1. Mr. Wilson'? ability to favor the. Allies with food supplies, loans and political support from America.

2. His ability to refuse sanction of heavy payments of reparation by tier many. annexations and no indem? nities" is one of the principles on which the American commission is working.) His power- to appeal to the people. patches received here, for Troves to carry out negotiations for a renewal of the armistice. Germany Mapped Out Campaign to Seize All Trench Industries PARIS, Feb.

11 (By The Associated report prepared in 1916 by German main headquarters to show how Germany would benefit from the destruction of certain industries in France contained -tsii pages, according to the statement, made to the Supreme war council at its meeting Monday af? ternoon by Louis Klotz, the French Minister of Finance. Material for the report was collected by two hundred experts who were released from mili? tary duties for the purpose. A full review is made of every French industry, including spinning, dyeing, pottery. chemicals. sugar, brewing.

mining, leather, milling, clothing and rope making. The report says that ail these industries "offer excellent open? ings for German trader-' in spite of a somewhat hostile feeling." As the French metal industry in the occupied regions had been "suppressed" and was without supplies of raw ma? terial, which the occupied regions could not produce, the report, says that I it was possible for German traders "to substitute yourselves in this new market." Regarding the French sugar indus try, the German headquarters pamphlet say "Business relations with Germany aro sure to continue because the French sugar industry cannot do without Ger? man beet seed without damaging itself, and it must also buy large quantities of German coal, the French coal mines having suffered severely." In its inventory of the ruin caused in the weaving plants of Northern France the report says; "Considerable quantities qf raw ma? terial, manufactured goods, thread or bobbins and warps have been sent tc Germany. In Sedan all the. plants have been destroyed. The machinery has teen taken away and the building! lie open to the winds like scrap iron There is an enormously important I opening there for German construe tors." Suffragists to Ask Conference Delegates To Bach Resolution PARIS, Feb.

11 (By The Associate? Press). The International Suffrage Conference to-day appointed delegate call each plenipotentiary to I'm peace conference and ask his suppor for a resolution adopted at. the sine gestion of President Wilson. Presi dent. Wilson said he would lay the reso luton before the peace conference am ask that, it be submitted to tiie com mitten to be associated with the worn en representatives appointed by th International Suffrage Conference discuss and report upon Jntei nation; affecting women and cliii dren.

A call was made to-inight on Pre mier Venizelos, of Greece, by th i American delegation, headed by Mr: i Juliet Barrett Rublee. President Is Averse to Ovation on Return Horn? Cables Willingness to Head rade, It Is for Returning Troops I York Tribune i Washington Bureau WASHINGTON', Feb. 11. I Wilson to-day cabled the White Hous to discourage any for hii which might planned for hi- retur to Washington, The President clared, however, that he would marc at the head of any parade for returr ing soldiers, provided the ovation I in honor of the fighting men and ne for himself. The President's cable stated no of actual sailing from Franco, alth ou the George Washington will be aval able at Brest the last of this week.

As all executive business i I bein held awaiting disposition, it is lieved the President will spend pract rally all the time before adjournmei of Congress in the executive offic? that he may sign such bills as at rushed through prior to March 4 make the measures valid. Allies Defeat Bolshevik Forces Near Archange LONDON, Feb. 10. The Bolshevi infantry attack on Satu 'lay against the Allied positions nei Srodmakrengn, southeast of Arc! angel, and were repulsed, uccording an official utntomonl on activities northern Russia, issued by the VVi Office to-night. In operations on Friday, which American, British and ltussii troops improved their position on t.l Petrograd road south Kudisb, tl i- Bolsheviki suffered heavy losses.

Socialists at Berne Oppose Bolshevism May Send Commission to Russia to Investigate the True State of Affairs Show Fear of Movement Only One Delegate in Favor of Reds, While Others Say Give Them Hearing New York Tribune Special Cubic Service (Copyright, 1910, New York Tribune BERNE, Feb. 9 (Delayed). -After a long debate the International Socialist, i Congress to-day went on record as op- posed to Bolshevism by an overwhelm? ing majority. Some half dozen groups or parts of groups and individuals, namely, delegate from Germany, one from Austria, one from Greece, two Irish delegates, two Norwegians and seven French representatives, headed by Jean Longuet, adopted a resolution declaring the Bolsheviki should be heard before they were condemned, One French delegate, I.oriot, declared himself in sympathy with Bolshevism, but all other national groups and in? dividuals condemned Bolshevism "anti-socialist, anti-democratic and, count er-revolutionary." The Socialists showed just as fearful of Bolshevism as the Paris capitalists denounced the Berne congress. Two elements of the con? gress favored sending a commission Russia to investigate, and this idea, included in the anti-Bolshevist reso? lution, was adopted by the majority of the assembly.

Delegates who feared the information about the Bolsheviki being untrustworthy desired the com? mission to be sent, as did the anti Bolshevist Russians, who claimed that inquiry by Socialists would imme? diately prove their case. Among those who voted solidly against the Bolsheviki were the large British delegation, including Ramsay MacDonald, Mrs. Philip Snowden and others sometimes accused of Bolshevist tendencies. After the last general meeting of the congress to-night the delegates sang the "Internationale" and will begin to leave Switzerland to? morrow by the scanty train service. The first meeting of the newly elected permanent International So cialist Bureau was held yesterday morning at the People's House here.

Two members from each nation have been nominated to sit in this in? ternational parliament, one represent? ing the majority and the other the minority Socialists of each country. The invitation extends to all bodies at present represented at the congress. It will again be necessary for the American workers to decide whether they wish to remain outside tho in? ternational parliament. No special in? vitation has been issued to America, but technically the United States is represented at Berne, although the American labor delegation now in Eu? rope luis denounced the congress and all its works. The question of the representation of small nations has been raised Thomas Johnson, treasurer of the i Irish Labor party and tho Irish Trade Peace Conference Is Against Child Labor pARIS, Feb.

11 (By The Asso- ciated impor- tant features of the American and British labor programme were ac? cepted by the commission on in? ternational labor legislation, and will form a part of the whole project of international regula? tion of labor which will be sub? mitted to the full peace confer? ence. These are the prohibition of child labor under sixteen years, and the uniformity of seamen's wages. Union Congress, who claimed the right to send delegates on behalf of all those countries which do not possess govern- mental functions. Tho congress ac- corded them this right. Another Irish delegate, Cathal O'Shannon, said that Egypt and India have asked the Irish delegation to represent them on the Berne International Bureau.

Blockade Question I'p BERNE, Feb. The International Trades Union Congress, which has been meeting here simultaneously with the International Socialist. Conference, ad-: journed to-day, after deciding to meet again in May at a place to be selected later. The last question discussed was a de? mand by Herr Scheneberger, a German delegate, whether the French and Eng? lish delegates were prepared to con? demn the employment of German pris? oners on forced labor and the main? tenance of the blockade. Leon Jouhaux, a French delegate and president of the.

French Labor Federation, in reply, said that it was impossible to admit the principle of forced labor or forced fam? ine. However, he mi.led, the deporta? tions by the Germans from Belgium and Northern France and the treatment of Russian prisoners after the treaty of Brest-Litovsk made it difficult for his party to intervene with the French gov? ernment. Karolyi Wants Full for War Fixed President of Hungary Says Wil? son's Policies Will Win at Peace Parley BASLE, Feb. 10. A full investigation of responsibility for the continuance of Hungary's participation in the war and also concerning "cruelties and bar? barities committed in Serbia, Belgium and France, the ruthless submarine war, the inhuman war in the air and the use of gases and bombs," was de? manded by Count Karolyi.

the Presi? dent of Hungary, at a meeting of the Hungarian Constituent Assembly, ac? cording to a dispatch fron. Budi pest. Count Karolyi said he had always agreed with President Wilson that the only durable peace possible is one based on tho right of self-determina? tion and understanding between the peoples. He added: "That is why President Wilson will remain the greatest historic figure of the epoch, for he was the first seismog? rapher of the terrestrial globe who brought about the col'apse of the an? cient organization of the world to build a new one in its place. The new spirit will abolish not only trenches forever, but also tariff frontiers." Strauss and Laniont for World Finance Committee PARIS, Feb.

Thoma VV. Lamont, o( New York, and Albert Strauss, a member of the Federal Reserve Hoard, probably will be members of the Supreme Economic Council which will be created by the Supreme War Council to deal with finance, food, ship? ping and other matters during the period of the armistice. AVE.AT 46Tu ST, PARIS 1 NEW YORK "The Paris Shop of Will place on sale prompt follow? ing Rich Furs? About ten short coats in plain and combination effects of Hudson Seal, Nutria and Leopard Formerly to $295 Fine Quality Mink Coat Formerly $895 Luxurious Kolinsky Wrap Coat Formerly $795 0 Mole and Seal Coat Formerly $485 Fine Quality Caracul Coat Formerly $450 Smart Taupe Nutria Coat Formerly $395 Mole Coat, taupe wolf border and trimming Formerly $485 )l Leopard Motor Coat Formerly $300 Fludson Seal Coat, Kolinsky collar Formerly $295 Genuine Silver Fox Set Formerly $675 Genuine Silver Fox Scarf it Formerly $475 Genuine Silver Fox Scarf ar Formerly $300 in 3 Short Coats of Taupe Muskral and Marmot Formerly to $125 High Time Allies "Get Together," Is Paris Press Plea Virtually All Newspapers' Insist Germany Must Be Curbed at Once; "Echo! de Paris'' Assails Wilson; New Tribune Special Cable Service 1019, New York Tribune lue.) PARIS, Feb. the closed doors of the Supreme War Council cernes the murmur of disputes whose echo has been caught up by the French and American press. The says: 'The cry of alarm which M.

monceau has uttered in his interview has profoundly moved public opinion." The "Petit Parisien" says: "It is high time to make Germany sec that our compliance is not weak? ness ami our patience has limits. Let us not forget that Germany must ex? piate her crimes before we can make the society of nations a reality? crimes which she seems ready to re? commence. Failing in that, we shall have made something so sentimental and fragile that the mildest breeze blowing from the East will overturn like a paper house." The "Figaro" comments: "It is high time for the Allies to pull themselves together. They have slum? bered, or something like it, for three months, lulled by the unending sweet ness. Now Germany brutally shakes them out of their torpor, dissipating their illusions and chimeras.

Happily i for us, her clumsiness is greater than her knavery. She is unable long to contain herself, and flings aside her mask a little too soon, showing her real nature while yet we have plenti i ful material means to bring her to rea sor. Once for all, we must put an end to this menace to peace." "L'Ouvre" Wants Action "L'Ouvre," Socialist and pro-Wilson, says "Certain indiscretions (for which this time the censor has shown dis crction) have given us an inkling into the divergencies of opinion between the members of the Supreme War Council. Mr. Clemenceau, it is necessary to say, for ill" use of energetic means, and has made known not.

only at the Quai d'Orsay, hut also in the press the ecssity of energetic action. "The change in the German attitude is neither new nor sudden, but it has icon readied progressively. It was the duty of the Allied governments to it and vigilantly to study it. It is certainly not of good effect that they have become aware of it precipitately, the last hour of the armistice." 'Action a royalist paper and a tireless opponent of Mr. Wilson, "Victory has not destroyed the Ger man peril.

M. Clemenceau thinks that by means of appropriate measures of 1 coercion applied without weakness the peril may be exorcised so as to guar i antee universal peace for a long time. "This is also our opinion, but Clem enceau, as every one knows, is no longer the deciding voice on this sub ject. It is not our peonle who have been into Mr. Wilson's charge We are not the flock he must pasture and protect.

The results of our re and insecurity? these troubles, these perils, are still so remote from him that he can postpone their study and subordinate them to dreams which no doubt represent to his American view advantages ben-j efits which must not belost sight of. Terms Wilson The "Echo de Paris," always con-1 temptuous of Mr. Wilson's ideas, prints I an article in which the censorship of certain words and passages only makes clearer these passages as a direct at tack on Mr. Wilson. The paper says "the of his ideology is seen in his exchange of wireless messages with Germany regarding the request: for an armistice.

"La Libre" says: "During part of the war 'the good old God' regulated the march of affairs, hue since it has become a qui on of peace we have the will of Woodrow Wilson." "Le Temps'' describes Germany as an eternal danger, adding: "The new Germany intends not only to emerge untouched from the war, but ne intends emerging greater, and is, preparing new annexations. For it is understood particularly by the Social? ists gathered at Berne that France and the Allies must rigorously abstain from all rectifications of frontiers and even the correction of old injustices. But when Germany proposes to add to her former territory 10,000,000 of sub? jects, of course, that cannot be ca led annexation. That is only the applica? tion of Mr. Wilson's principies." "Le Temps" significant refers to Mr.

Wilson's declarations before the French Parliament. "L'Humanit?" Hits C'lfinenceau Among all the papers only "L'llu the official Socialist organ, takes the other side in a violent at? tack on M. Clemenceau, calling him "the valet of the bourgeois press." Re calling M. Clemenceau's famous "I make war," "L'Humanit?" affirms that it is becoming clearer and clearer "ho does not intend to make peace," and says: "It is he who is, directly or by agents, provoking serious conflicts in the bosom of the conference. It is he who is organizing tiie resistance to Mr.

Wilson's proposals, is comprom ising France in imperialist intrigues and creates the uneasiness from which we suffer at the hour when the work should have been nearly terminated. "It is he who by means of news I apers at his orders exe'l troubles public opinion, preaches the crushing of the German people and a holy war of capitalism against revolu? tionary Russia, thus preparing for exhausted France new and terrible trials. Already the Allied governments have him severe lessons. Will not French opinion soon awake with I a start?" Parker Apologizes For Security League Loyalty of Congressmen Should Not Have Been Questioned, He Derlares New Vork Tribune Washington Bureau WASHINGTON', Feb. Al? ton B.

Parker, testifying before the House committee investigating the ac? tivities of the National Security League, of which he is honorary vice i resident, to-day apologized for rather than defended the work of the league. While declaring he believed its offi? cials were not animated by partisan I politics in their part in the fali cam I paign, he admitted their activities were susceptible to this interpretation. "If the chart and the other litera ture sent out by the league had been brought to my attention before they were put in circulation I should have objected to them going out," said Judge Parker. Asked for his opinion regarding the propriety of bringing into question the Fifth Avenue 620 TWO SHOPS 244 near 50thSt? near 28thst Hats, caps, gloves and canes of proper mode DUTTON'S Special Room for VALENTINES Briner the Children. 681 FIFTH AVENUE Opposite St.

Thomas' Church i i loyalty of members of Congress, Jude? Parker said: "I will say that such a statemen-. ought not to have been put in papers issued in connection with the chart." Civic League to Meet Members of the Knickerbocker League wilt meet in the Hose Room the Hotel Majestic at 8 o'clock Pi evening. Royal S. Copeland, will speak on Women Serve as jurors?" rs II be Robert S. Walter Timme, Charles F.

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