Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on October 11, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, October 11, 1946
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M$4lU>eikHM!MiM!r*iRta4t > ii*Miita^^ ,"> * B e Eight HO P E STAR, H 0 * t, A ft K AN S AS Thursday, October 10, 1946 C ROBISON'S October Values..... Newest Fall Coats We have a large selection of ladies Coats in solid greys, tweeds, camel hair. Size 12 to 52 in the newest styles for fall. 18.40 to 29.85 Children's Fall Coats For the little miss, new fall coats in sizes 8 to 14. Yes there is plenty of big values at Robison's. Merchandise is still scarce in many lines, but our buyers have constantly searched for the things you need most. New shipments arrive every day. In spite of shortages we have almost doubled our stock since the first of the year. Shop Robison's every time you come to town—-maybe the thing you're looking for just came in. **"\ L V Men's Sport Coats t See our.selection of Men's All Wool Sport coats. Handsomely tailored for all around sports wear. New Fall WOOLENS Beautiful plaids, soHds, sheppard checks and stripes in all the newest fall colors. Heavyweights and fine dress weights in 100% wool. Make your selections, today. 2.98 to 4.98 V Yard Junior Dresses By June Bently, Gay Gibson, Royal Deb, Jr., of 100% wool in the newest fall styles. Sizes 11 to. 17. 12.48 - 15.40 14.85 • - « : - • *:-/•; •tj* Reversible Coats For Children Weal for raining or cold i. weather. Erin Girl Crash A beautiful new cotton crash—gay prints on white background. : 69c yard Baby Blankets 49c Feather Pillows 1.65 Quilt Bundles 49c Cotton Batting 69c Childs Ribbed Hose 29c Woven Bedspreads Beautiful woven bedspreads in several patterns. Colors are rose, blue and peach. Double bed size. Mens Leather Jackets Choose this expertly tanned leather jacket. A leading style for active sportsmen. They come in Jacket and Coat styles. 4 *> TA 12.50 up Overalls r Boys' blue buckle 8 oz. sanforized. Sized 4 to 16. Purrey Blankets Dickie Army Khakis .'12% wool, 6 feet wide, 7/2 feet long. In beautiful pastel shades. H See Our New Selection of New Fall Dresses Newest fall styles are arriving eye,ry day, the smartest.dresses.the' market,had to offer. Woolens—two piece styles—all new and lovely. Be sure and shop our Reqdy-to-Wear' Department your next trip to town. Regular Size Dresses In crepes, spuns, ginghams and many pther lovely fabrics. Sizes 12 to 44. 9.00 to 16.75 Smart Hew Wash Frocks Beautiful chqmbrgys and many other lovely cottons in a large selection of styles. 2,60 fo 7.98 Children's All Wool Sweaters We have a large selection of styles and colors in all sizes. St. Mary's Blankets An all wool blanket in French blue, dusty rose, meadow green, and flowering currant. Sizes72x90 with 3 inch satin bound edges. More snappy looks, more wear, more handy pockets, more working comfort. Pants and Shirts 3.98 each SCAMPERS Brown and white saddle oxfords for school wear. $5 Ladies' Hi-Tops Friedman Shelby Work Shoes . Reran leather cap toe or plain toe, full leather soles and f Friedman Shelby. In black only. composition rubber heavy soles. Nailed and sewed, heel Plenty of Zelan Jackets lined and unlined. Jacket, or coat styles. - -- r --_. r _ , , ^^ ^^ ^^ 4 'ff t --,-•• , ~ • • composition rubber heavy soles. Nailed and sewed, heel < Use fA S •-..Sizes 3i to 10. mold,noseam. J./U 10 I « 3.98 Ladies' Oxfords By Red Goose or Friedman Shelby, Low heels with leater sole. Moccasin or plain toe styles. In brown only. 5.00 5.00 Best All Around Work Shoe that money can buy. Childrens 7 Shoes Children's white blucher,' all J.leqther soles by Friedman Shelby, and Red Goose. 2.48 In brown only......2.98 Voice of Opinion ——— By James Thrasher Fight lljr RigM On the eve of National Newspaper week the nation was given a loree- ful demonstration of ihe power for right possessed and used by the American free press, When the Allied Control Council announced in Berlin lhal reports would be bar- rod from the executions of Naxi war criminals, the United Press in stuliled a campaign — at tince taken up by individual newspapers throughout the Uniiecl States — to effect a reconsideration of that curious decision. Wiring Secretary of War Robert P. Patcrson in Washington. Karl .1. .Johnson, UP vice president and general news manager, urged thn lifting of the projected news blackout statint! the case for full reportorial coverage of the elocutions. Patterson replied that he would request Gen, "Joseph T McNarney, American member of the Council, to "explore the desirability" of altering the original order. Few intelligent persons can entertain a reasonable doubt as to that "desirability." The Council's original decision , to exclude reporters could have been based only on the ancient military custom of secret executions — u cuslom scarcely applicable in Ibis case, since the Nu- ernburg trials were themselves without precedent. But the obvious fact remains that without press intervention the decision would have gone unchallenged and unaltered. Certainly, Ihc millions of men who fought these mass murderers and the vicious military machine they created are entitled lo a full account of the executions wilh which the Nazi war- lords pay in their crimes against humanity. Certainly, the survivors of men who gave their lives to destroy Nnziism should now be granted at least this' Star weATMeft KORECAfcT Arkansas : Partly cloudy this afternoon, fair tonight and Saturday. Cooler this afternoon and tonight and continued cold Saturday. Light scattered frost extreme northwest portion tonight. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 308 Star of Hone. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1946 (AP)—Moans Associated press (NEA1—Means Newsoar>er Enterorls« Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Owners Walkout Disrupts Strike Reunion of Hope Family pathetic privilege. And, just surely, we owe that much to the countless victims of Nazidom's nonmilitary outrages. Beyond personal obligation, however, the world itself has a compel ling' interest in the lifting of thr NUCM nberg ban on reporters. If the German killers were executed secretly. there could not but be a flood of rumors surrounding the affair. The German people would be told that this or that loader escaped death; that this or that butcher was preparing underground return to power of tiic Nazi system. 1 hose rumors would enrage the free peoples of the earth. And they would gravely endanger the success of the Allied occupation. Tho co- operation of German democrats would be crippled by fear of retaliation once the Allied had withdrawn their armies: the recalcitrance of "unreconstructed" Nazis would be deepened by hope of approaching revenge. As for the war criminals themselves, their understandable preference.' for secret executions surely is not worth consideration. While democratic concepts of justice cannot permit their suddenly squeamish .stomachs to dictate the mode of their punishment. The nation and the entire .world owes a debt of gratitude to the United Press for protesting in time. RVI arbitral y decision which might have caused grave harm and which is totally devoid of logical justification. The American press once By United Press Atlantic, and putt coast ship owners withdrew from negotiations with two maritime unions today vir- tiuiliy eliminating any chance of an early settlement of the shipping tie-up which has paralyzed the nation's ports for the past 11 days. .The Atlantic-gulf operators angrily broke off talks because "the position of the unions made a con- tinuMiion of negotiations futile." With the west coast phase of negotiations already badly deadlocked. the eastern operators made the impasse unanimous. Elsewhere, the labor picture was similarly dark, with strikes threatened among Indiana power workers and western railroad conductors, and no progress reported in attempts to end walkouts in the film, transit and newspaper industries. In the major developments: 1. Automobile production slowed and approximately 145,000 workers in the Detroit area faced temporary idleness as a result of an acute shortage of sheet steel. 2. AFL electrical workers scheduled a strike for Ocl. 27 against the Public Service Company of In- cliami, serving 70 counties, in support of union wage demands. ?.. Spokesmen for the Los Angeles Herald-Express, which has not published since Soot. •! as a result of a strike of editorial employes, announced the newspaper could no longer pay non-striking workers in its mechanical departments. 4. Negotiations continued wilh no sign of settlement in the Pills- burgh power strike, ihe Hollywood motion picture dispute and transit tie-ups in Chicago, Columbus, O., and Tacoma, Wash. The Hudson Motor Car Co. sus- ncndecl production for today only because of a lack of steel, and the Ford Motor Co. laid off some 100,000 workers for the weekend tho same reason. Both companies planned to resume output Monday, but it was believed continued steel shortages might force further shut' downs. Al Indianapolis, AFL representatives announced strike vote Nation Looks to Truman to Solve Heat Problem Washington, Oct. 11— (IP)— Presidential action toward ending the mcat» shortage was predicted 'or the'.w.eek end by some top officials today' after an exhaustive cabinet Baltimore, Md., Oct. 11—(UP) — Three ex-servicemen were arrested by FBI agents today when they attempted to sell highly secret . , . photographs of the atomic bomb to survey of political and economic the Baltimore News-Post, aspects of the situation. The three were seized when rep- Official U. S. Navy Photograph J. C. Yount, first class printer, of Hope, Arkansas, went aboard the USS General Breckihridge to greet his wife and daughters when they arrived at Pearl Harbor. Yount is serving with Fighter Squadron 11, based at Fort Island, Pearl Harbor, T. H. Twenty-two Porker fans plan* ning to ily to the Arkansas- Baylor Fayettcvilie and who again has scored heavily ceaseless fight for right. its (.tfii' Men's Fall Dress Shoes Smart styles made by John C. Roberts. New shipment just arrived. All sizes. 9.00 and 10.00 Geo. W. Robison 6- Co. HOPE The Leading Department Store Nashville Tokyo, Oct. 11 — (/Pi— The newspaper .liji admonished its readers today against substituting General MacArlhur :'or Emperor Hirohito as an object of reverence. The liberal newspaper declared in an editorial that Mac- Arlhur must be regarded as a representative and a symbol of democracy, not as living god. ,_> Jiji'K editorial took cognizance of the increasing adoration of Mac-Arthur by Japan's millions. "The life of General MacArthur' ' is the leading best seller, sales lopping 300,000 copies. Ji.ii .said some readers of MaeAil.hur's life :;tory had . been moved to regard him as a "living god." Windsors Enroute & From France to England Piirin, Oet. 11 —(/Ti— The duke and duchess of Windsor left then- Paris apartment at mid-morning today cnroutc to Calais, where they will lake the channel boat to Dover lor a visit in England. Following the Cirst visit of the duchess to England since their marriage nine years ago, the couple may proceed on to the United States and Canauj, when- the -* duke owns a large slock ranch in Alberta, iriends said. TRIALS OF JUROR San Jose, Calif., Oct. 1 1— (/!') — Mario Singo. serving as superior court juror, leaped out of the jury box at every recess, ran lo the cm b A'hen.' his ear was parked, and sluffed a niektl in the parking motor. He put in H."> ccnl.< during the day. Finally, as the trial neared its clo:-o, Singo tried in vain io , get excused to punch in another nickel. He couldn't. When ho did dash to the curb, the juror found a parking tag on the ear. Tho i'ine was i?\. among utility workers seeking ;i 14-cent hourly wage increase. An- olhcr strike was threatened by conductors on the Southern Pacific railroad, but no date was set. Frank J. Taylor, head of the eastern operators negotiating committee, announced the withdrawal of Atlantic and gulf ship owners I'rom striking licensed officers unions. Taylor blamed the tarea kon one union's refusal to negotiate a separate .'settlement for Atlantic and' . gulf interests. In addition, he cancelled all compromise offers made during the coarse of negotiations, throwing conciliation efforts back lo where they were when ihe strike began 11 days ago. The IO Marine Engineers Beneficial Association had refused to settle wilh Ihe easlern operators unless the Maritime Commission agreed to extend terms of any agreement to government-operald ships on Ih wst coast. Th com mission dclind to do so. The other striking union, the Masters, Mates and Pilots (AFL'i had expressed willingness to make a separate peace with eastern operators, but only if Ihc CIO union went along. might be casting a concerned eye on weather reports can breathe easier today with the following prediction: C. H. Newton. U. S. Weather Bureau nl Toxarknna airport said nt 10:45 today that a cokl front passed this area just before mid-night last night moving northwest to southeast. He said that 2 or 8 days of nice One official acquainted with the cabinet discussion told a reporter that President 'ivuman may reach a decision tomorrow and possibly go on the radio Sunday night to explain it to the nation. Secretary of Agriculture Anderson told, newsmen as he left the White House session with other cabinet members that Mr. Truman "is now Considering a decision." Two proposals were reported receiving chief consideration. They .ire: ; . 1. Lifting or modifying rice controls, 2. Importing meat from oversea?, principally Argentina. Possible government seizure of cattle or meat supplies was reported definitely out the.window. Persons familiar with the president's attitude during the four and a half cabinet session said hu inclines now toward modifying price controls, rather than ab'olishing ihe in altogether. Whole Secretary Anderson declined to discuss Mr. Truman's views, he remarked at one point that "lowering the price only a few cents might be sufficient to begin a run. : to market." As the cabinet meeting broke up, Little Uock, Oct. 11 — (UP) — Arkansas's famed Pike county diamond mines arc back in the news today — with the possibility looming that they may be put back into operation. Chancellor Frank Dodge of Pu- there were these ments: other dcvelop- resontativcs of the newspaper became suspicious and notified the FBI and military authoritis. The FBI identified the men as: George Wallace Comer, 23, of Bel Air, Md., formerly of Comers Rock, Va., an ex-private first, class who was discharged from the Army Air Forces last November after serving at Pearl Harbor, in the Marshalls and at Tinian. Miles . Frederick Daubenheycr, 26. also of Bel Air, formerly of Butlcville, Ind., who served in the army as a flight cadet and later enlisted in the merchant marine. James Barnes Hike, 26, of (1507 Sunset Road) Chattanooga, Term., former army captain who was separated from the service a year ago but who was to have returned to active duty at Fort Mead, Md., tomorrow. Although they were placed under formal arrest at 9 a. m. (EST), they actually were taken into custody Wednesday—Daubenhcyer in the newspaper office and Comer and Rike in separate hotels. Rike was wearing his army captain's uniform. An FBI spokesman said experts have examined the photographs and have described them as "definitely authentic." The spokesman said Comer made no known sales Bradley Says Vets Back His Charge Against Stelle Washington, Oct. 10 — (#•)— Gen. Omar N, Bradley, veterans administrator, said today he had received a 99 percent favorable response to his American Legion speech accusing former Legion Commander John Stelle of impairing VA progress "by deliberately misrepresenting our objectives." Bradley, talking with reporters after a call on President Truman, said he received a flood of letters since his speech at San Francisco October 2 and that most of them "backed my stand." Of course, he added with a smile, possibly letter received by others may hqve been different. Slcelo had previously told the conention that Bradley . betrayed the veterans by approving a $200 maximum for on-tho-job training. Bradley said that he is absolutely committed to the principle of a ceiling for these payments. o Achievement Day for Home Clubs Planned On Tuesday October 15, Home Demonstration Clubs of Hempsteac County will have their Achievement 1. Senator Tail (R-Ohio) issued a statement calling for the immediate removal of all OPA controls on meat, declaring the people prefer "pork chops io price cntrol." 2. Rep. - Ccllcr (D-NY) urged that the president declare an emergency, suspend tariff rates on imported meat, and end what he called the "ridiculous quarantine" on fresh Argentine meat. He' added that price controls on all other articles should be abolished by next April 1, three months in advance of OPA's scheduled expiration. Anderson told reporters he is of the pictures. The FBI said Comer and Slavs Demand Withdrawal of U.S. Warships By R. H. SHACKFORD Paris, Oct. 11 —(UP)— Yugoslavia demanded before the peace conference today the withdrawal of United States warshipr. from Greek waters and of British troops front Greece. Mosha Pijade of Yugoslavia, speaking in debate on the Bulgarian pace treaty, called or a new, deal in the Balkans and priased the new Bulgaria-as ,a shining example of Democracy. Constantin' Tsaldaris of Greece warned the conference that the proposed Bulgarian treaty would overthrow all fundamentals of non- or and morality. • The conference was in its last lap. Adjournemnt by Oct. 15 , the deadline, was certain, with a pos-. sibility of even earlier completion of the voting on the conference proposals. They in effect comprise recommendations to the Big Four, for the final drafting of the peace treaties. », Pijade charged that one danger of aggression in the Balkans .wag the present Greek regime. He said day, at the City Hall in Hope. Each i it was "casting covetous glances"' Home Demonstration Club has toward its northern neighbors, Bui- been asked to put up a small dis- garia, Yugoslavia and Albania. play on some idea learned through The Balkan nations had hoped Home Demonstration Club work. ! that the era of imperialistic influ- These displays must be in place enct v:as over after the war, Pi- by eleven o'clock. Inc-e sax!. But he'added that recent A short business session will be ; events had raised new doubts, called at eleven o'clock. Everyone Speaking of foreign troops in the ',* i other unnamed ex-servicemen had given copies of the pictures to several unauthorized persons throughout the country. Copies already have been recovered from persons in will be responsible for their own lunch. Two educational films will bo shown at 1:15 p.m. and announcements made concerning the judging of the displays.- Please give two quarts of tomatoes, tomato juice or snapbeans, for the Cripple Children's home to your Home demonstration Club preservation leader. They must be oecn recovered, irom Persons in p acked and in my offlce on Achiev Texas, California and North Caro- t,™,,.,^ r\av laski county' yesterday issued a j|V. l . vin S hi s department study a pe- temporary restraining order to pro hibit the Diamond Corporation of ' tition 'from the OPA beef advisory committee asking the removal of controls over livestock prices. be expected. Sat cool and ideal, for weather could urday will be Coptball and flying, with only light winds tending to diminish later in the .day. Erect Memorial to Roosevelt Washington, Oct. 11 — (/P) — The United States, strongly backing TIM key against Hussian demands for a dominant position on the Dardanelles, has advised Moscow that this country does not intend to be squeezed out of a voice in control of the strategic waterways. At Ihe same time, in a note delivered in the Russian capital Wecl- America from disbursing or with-: "Everybody in the department is drawing funds from a $325,000 spe-1 considering this report, 7 ' Anderson cial account in .a St. Louis bank,'""'" 1 pending further court action. The order was issued at the request of lawyers for Glenn L. Martin~bf Baltimore. Md., builder of to- the Martin bomber and other aircraft. In a complaint the attorneys re- said. He expects to receive some rind of a rcommendation by night. - As ' ' to • "i Anderson replied: quested the court liquidate ncsday and released lion today, the state for publica- depa-.-tmcnt COSTLY CLEANUP Chicago. Oct. 11 •••- i/IV-One De- talur l-.mily Jennied '.hat cleanliness can be Lin (.xpri.sivc pruposi- tion. The laundry wa.s pi!in. 1 .; up. and no .\'.rap. 'The. wile .saw an /.idvre- liseinunt on sale .if .'••Dap chip.* bill .she couldn't 'leave \'nc .'ion:•'.'. JJut she ki j-'t her lui.iband home fioni work a i M.I Me ye: in line at the ^Une 'n::.l ;!"! one ])ac!-:ayi' of the iianl-lo-;j;i:l product. Hi- repeat ed the pioceciure the jlt\t day. The score: Two days off work lur Uvo bu.'ic.i ui uuap chip:;. By GLENN WILLIAMS London, Oct. 11—f/I'i—The House of Commons laid fuicle lawmakiug today lo express its admiral ion lor Franklin Delano Kooscvcll, whom Winston Churchill ranked above Washington and' Lincoln. Led by Prime Minister Attlce find Opposition Leader Churchill, all political parlies joined in approving u bill to erect a Roosevelt memorial in Grosvenor Square, site of the U. S. embassy and center of American planning :for European liberation. Attlec described the late president us one who "combined ihe qualities of the fearless idealist with those of the far-seeing and prudent man of affairs." "His practical appreciation of what was possible never hampered the breadth of vision of what was desirable," the prime minister said. "He i .stood emphatically S'or the oommoii man in all countries .It ij filling lhat this Memorial in London should come i'rom the eon- U'ibulions of the common men ;mcl women." The memorial plan was sponsored by His American Pilgrims Society in London. Its $100.000 cost is to bo raised by $1 subscriptions. Churchill, Britain's wartime leader, said "1 fell buoyed in the i ideal of the war by walking hand in hand with this outstanding chief jf the American people." Attlec had observed that Roosevelt would join Washington and Lincoln ;i.s the only American presidents memoriali/ed in London jiatiies. The Washington memorial overlooks Trafalgar Square and ;i re-plica of the Lincoln statue in ihe Springfield memorial faces Westminister Abbey. Pjiit Churchill s-iid he :"elt "the chanyes associated \vilh Washington would probably have come lo pass in due course by the ir- re.ilible evolution of events" and added: "I'an we doubt that slavery A'C'iild have been abolished ever iparl. hum Ihe work of Abraham Lincoln'.'" "Tin;iv. 1 are many lest:; uy which we can try to nr.asure ihe jjreat- Continued on i'dyc Two emphasized anew its opposition to a Russian proposal to take over a direct' share in Ihe control of th2 Black sea gateway. The communication, delivered by Ambassador Waller Bedell Smith, constituted the American reaction to Kussian proposals for direct conversations with Turkey on revision of the control arrangements for Ihe straits!, and for Russian participation in defense. Smith reminded the Russian government that the Big Three had agreed at Potsdam thai they would propose to Turkey their views on revision of the Montreux convention, which now sets up the rules for use of the Dardanelles. "My government does .lot consider," Smith said ,"thnt is was contemplated at the Polsdam conference that the direct conversations which might lake place between any one of the three signatory governments and the Turkish government with regard to the regime of the convention of the straits concluded at Monlreux should have the effect of prejudicing Ihe participation of Ihe other two signatory powers in Ihe i (-vision of the regime oi the slrails. "On the contrary, my ijovoni- mcnt considers that the Potsdam agreement definitely contemplated only an exchange of views wilh the Turkish government as a useful preliminary io a conference of all of Ihe intersled powers, including the United Stales, lo consider thc> revision of ihe 'Montreux convention." London reports have been to the effect that the British yovt'rnr.u'iit also was real'fii mim; to Turkey and Russia iis absolute objection lo any Russian military expansion into the straits area. and dissolve the Diamond Corporation of America. And one of Martin's lawyers said the airplane builder hopes lo develop the diamond properties "after the m-es- ent mess is straightened out." The complaint alleged that Martin advanced some $400,000 to the Diamond Corporation alter it was incoi porated in Arkansas last November by .Ray E. Blick of Chicago and Allen B. Williams of St. Louis. In addition, the complaint contended, Martin paid BlicK $100,000 on an option under which no was to buy 25 per cent of the beneficial interest in the trust covering the Pike county property for $500,000. The complaint contended that Blick and Williams were to organize the company, erect a mill and excavating machinery and start mining operations within one year. However, Martin contended lhal tinder Ihe management of Blick the "properly has been grossly mismanaged" and asked Ihe court yesterday to dissolve vhc corporation. sked, whether, ..he. 1 will.. be- a rffflJe "-a' : ae'ris!on : -T5y:' c tbmorr .. c tbmorrow "I think I would be able to, but I am not saying that I will act then." To a question as to whether it is a "delusion" to believe the meat shortage can be solved by importing beef, Anderson said "that's a hard question to answer because lots of things can start a run." He added that "lowering the price only a few cents might bo sufficient to begin a run to market." pen. As Under those conditions, he said, "you^ don't know what might hap- to whether meat could be imported -from Canada without authorization by Congress, the secretary said that congressional permission is not necessary to bring Continued on Page Two lina. A spokesman refused to say whether other arrests would fol-; low. j They will be arraigned later in the day before a U. S. commissioner here on charges of vilating a statute prohibiting reproduction, publishing, selling or giving away any photograph, sketch, picture, drawing, map* or geographical representation of vital machinery or naval installations. It convicted they :Cace maximum penalties of $1000 line, one year in prison, or both. FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover announced at Washington that the pictures were obtained by Comer last year when he was serving with a bomber squadron in the island .Tlnian -in. the Pacific • • • • r :.• . : Cbrrie'r told the FBI, according io Hoover, that he and four others "surreptitiously removed the late in the summer of 1945 had covering from an atomic bomb which they photographed with a camera belonging to one of the servicemen." Tinian was the principal base of tho special bomber squadron created by the army air forces i'or atomic bomb missions directed at Japan. Daubenheyer was arrested in the offices of the news-post. The others were seized shortly after they left the newspaper offices, where they had hoped to sell six photographs of the bomb i'or about ement Day. By NORMAN MONTELUER Zagreb, Oct. 11 •— (UP)—Archbishop Aloysius Stepinac was convicted of crimes against the people and the state today and sentenced to 16 years, at-forced labor by a Yugoslav people'jrVcourt. ' The : 6-year-old Catholic primate of; Croatia .was, indicted on.charges Balkans, he said: "The situation is worse in this espect today than it has ever been i the course of the history of the alkan countries. There are Brit- sh troops in Greece. There are •arships of the United States navy n Greek and Aegean waters. "The peoples of the Balkans who ave become capable of safeguard- ng their political and economic in- ependence by their own means annot but be concerned by these ew conditions." ; He said the interests of peace in ne Balkans and in Europe "make t imperative to put an end to in- erference in the internal affairs-of he Balkan nations." J *' ' Tsaldaris was bitter ,over ,,the ''<• ailure. of the conference "to give..**] Greece a slice of Bulgaria., He poke of the refusal to grant Greece a "strategic" rectification u\ of the frontier with Bulgaria. W •Speaking of the 10 weeks of So- '. rict attacks' on Greece at this con?, lerence 'and of Bulgaria's" emerge ence from the war under more advantageous; conditions than in-1919, Tsaldaris asked: %<* -, , ¥7000. Hoover, announcing details of the arrest, said Comer and Daubenhcyer met while both were Continued on Page Two -o- Assurance of By R. H. SHACKFORD V.iris, Oct. 1 1— (UP)— Jeffer son Caffrey, American ambassador to France, assured Greece before that the the pence conference today United States would Sweden's Cafe Laws Have Some Pretty Peculiar ideas on Drinking and Eating Ustachi movement in Yugoslavia and with encouraging "forced conversions" to the Catholic church. Stepinac denied all the charges and testified 'that he had done "everything according to Catholic morality." Pope Pius XII denounced the trial as "villainous' and said forced conversions were contrary to the Canonic law which governs church action. Stepinac showed no emotion when his conviction and sentence were announced by the supreme court of Croatia. In addition io the 16-year prison sentence, he will b deprived of citizenship for .fiv years. All of his property will be confiscated. Erik Lisak, a colonel in the Us lachi movement, was eectnsnde tachi movement, was sentencec to hung :-:or committing crime against the people as a Fascist of ficial and for plotting against the Marshal Tito regime after the lib oration. As the judge pronounced sen .cnce on him, Lishak raised hi icad and shouted: "I will die fo .he true independent state of Croa tia Long live the independent slat of Croatia!" Three young monks, accused o tclping to hide Ustachi gold, wcr General Stiliwet! Is Reported Weli fill its United Nations obligations if Greek security should be endangered by an aggressor nation. The U. S. pledge giving Greecc-j "full assurance" was made by Caff rcy dining general debate on the recommendations lor the Bulgarian peace treaty. The assurance followed Caffrey's observation that Greece had been invaded three times by Bulgaria. Caflrcy said ihe United States would not support Greek claims for "titialcHic reclificalion" of her frontier with Bulgaria. moaning claims to Bulgarian territory along the border. He suggested that Greece would jind more security in the United Nations than in any such San FraiK-iM-'o, Ort. It • -i.Pi — don. Jo.-rph W. Klilv.ell, iiiv Sixth Army i-onim.ir;i.ier, I\MS y. purled "rf::!iii!; comfortably" tuuay ';' LclteriTinn CSentral Hospital. but his condition reinni:.oiJ critical. ma and C'uina li;.:. w--: eioi.s righl for life sine 'neiUvcil con- Burma "\Ve have profound belief in ihc efficacy •.'! inea-ures which the United Nations aie taking fur the mainic'iii'.i'ri.' of general Intorna- iioijal security." ho said, "and the Unilefl States delegation can give By EDDY GILMORE ' (For Hal Boyle) Stockholm — W)— Sweden's cafe society is just that in every sense of the word. This is largely because to drink you've got to eat, and where else but a restaurant in Sweden can you eat, there being no such thing as a bar with free lunch, peanuts in the glass bowl, or a soda fountain sand- wick. Visitors, Americans and Britons in • particular, find the country's drinking laws extremely quaint, if not. strange. For instance: You decide to go to someplace to dine and dance. There's only a restaurant to go to, although many many of these restaurants actually are night clubs as Americans know them. You start off with your dinner and the waiter almost automatically brings you snapps — a national firewater which is sort of an alcoholic blending of the west and east, —a drink that tastes like a cross between vodka and gin. About the time you're through your first snapps a youngish man comes a round and sells you a permit to dance. It costs about a quarter. You finish your snapps and order another. But all the time you're eating, or you'd better be. It is when you order a third .snapps that Sweden's drinking law sits down at the 1'u a.-.-.suranee that the Uniiecl III' <.!iiKT<.ii ti ni a livi'i- ailiii tracted in Hu 1 .iiinj:le.s ni and had an upca ulivit Out. Suites ea'i be counted on lo act in accordance with ilfj suinien undertakings under 'ihe United Nations if Grce'-e's M'curilv should be en- '.Uin:,e]vcl by aels Mill Mil." (.'aitrcy snoko ,i;'f!i' of Yu;;u,sla\ i •-> i'-' Greek Irom an :i{j(-;ressor •j flo i 1 Aio;.ha demanded But after that brandy, you've generally had the works. You can't get any more. At this point your Swedish friends then show you other phases )f their ingenuity. You get up, pay your bill, walk out in one of the >loasant parks nearby, re-enter the •estaurant, sit clown at another table and for all practical purposes, you can start all over again with Ihe entire operation, beginning with an "initial 1 'snapps. This is the law but in Sweden, as elsewhere, there arc restaurants and restaurants and places and paces and customs and customs. For instance a group of us went to a restaurant and ordered whisky (without lood'i — and got it. "How come?" I asked. "Oh," said a Swedish gentleman, "they hear us speaking English and, to be frank, we don't look like liquor spies." "Liquor spies!" "Yes,' 'he explained, "Slock- yuui table and staves you in face. You've eaten up your ration. How then do you net another drink? You decide you're still him- i holm's full of them. Why, I've even had them tap my telephone." "How does a liquor spy look?" ] asked. "Like a dirty rat," hissed m> friend with real feeling. There's another habit conncctcc with cafe drinking (and eating) which should be mentioned. After leaving a restaurant your Swedish friend — if he has brought you in his automobile —almost always will call a taxi and leave his ear parked outside. "V>'hyV" 1 asked, "you've had only on ing." "But .Continued on >"-aae Two -o- to Be Neutral , in Election Atlanta, Ga., Oct. 11 — (UP) — C. A. Scott, publisher of the Atlanta Daily World, Negro 'newspaper; said today that his paper would stay "neutral," despite the Jact that his brother had entered the race for Fulton county coroner against' 23 white candidates. Scott's brother, Aurclius Scott,, 45-year-old retired college profesr sor, was qualified Tuesday by the Fulton county Democratic cxecu- uve committee for the Nov; 5 election. The newspaperman, who heads Georgia's Negro Democratic clubs, said he did not think it "expedient tor Negroes to run for public office at this stage of our political development in the state," He added.l "At the proper time, I think qualified Negroes have as much right • found innocent at the rccommenda-1 to seek office as any other citi- tion of the public prosecutor. zcn." Six hundred persons stood for'45 minutes in the converted Zagreb sports auditorium while the court's decision was announced. Thirteen of the 16 defendants were found guilty. The judge began reading a summary of tne charges at 10:15 a. m. Military guards were stationed behind each of the defendants. Fifty-two spotlights and arc lights illuminated the high-ceil- ingcd, white-walled room during the sentencing. Verdicts were read by the court president. Stepinac stood erect and calm, listening 19 the detaile d charges ;fe;li'-nsl him. The islorial trial marked the first occasion of a high dignitary of the Catholic church being brought to the defendant's bench in Yugoslavia. Responsible Catholic sources in Belgrade said the trial would be tantamount to trying "Roman Catholicism in Yugoslavia." Slepinac's secretary had been indicted earlier and was one of the 13 defendants found guilty today. Stepinac glanced at ihc judges only once us his sentence was read. Quickly, he shifted his gaze to Ihe wall bah nd them, ignoring photograp.ie r wiio snapped numerous p;,. • i .. him. The art!;:.'..-'.i- ^ was found guilty of "in many w;i>o giving sign sof his collaboration with and sympathies for the Ustachi." A summation pronounced him guilly also of writing "actively in a iascistie His brother, holder of A.B. and M.A. degrees, said ho would appeal to Fulton county's 24,860 Jtfe- ..;ro registrants for support. He icclarcd that a Negro should. Have. Che job because about 90 per cent of the homicide victims in the county were Negroes. "Who is to say when is the prop* 1 cr time for Negroes to seek office—. " •* that is a philosophical question," he replied to his brother. He had based his victory hppes on the large number of white.can- didates seeking the post. However, a special meeting of the county Democratic committee was called coday to select a candidate, in an C! admitted attempt to defeat Scott, glass of snapps all oven- that's enough," he e.x- gr.v and icll Ihu waller so. If he.' j phiined. "to get mu 30 days in jail. undi'r.'il:inds you he brings on an- 1 don't have lo bo drunk. I don'l uihcr ylass of t;napps phitu of given peas. If you want slill anothoi 'anil you'll bo surprised plus a have to have accident. AH the th. lr. \\ ,.U d) U. S. vvarships, irom waters and British troops number ol people who doi you've got lo order another plate ol' peas whether you've eaten ihe '.'ir.st one or nut. . is now in order, but to get a shot ' policeman has lo do is 1o conic up lo me, haul me into a station, run liquor lest, and if he can prove president of candidate chosen will run as defendant's Democratic nominee. Others must seek the job as independents. The Negro candidate said he and his brother 'split in the last primary when I was for Mr. Eu- Talmadge and he was for Mr. Jinnnie Caimichael, I entered 'he race on my qualifications and I'm going to stay in it on that basis. I hope to get enough votes of both races to win." Editor Scotl pointed out that his paper had also taken the same position when a Negro woman qualified for committeewoman on the Fulton county Democratic com- miilee prior to the recent July 17 election. Her name was later withdrawn. He said he regretted that his. newspaper "has been involved an bishops' conference and the Catholic press. He was convicted of heading- a three-man committee which direct- fid the "forcible conversions" of Servs, and lor supporting the Nazi puppet. Anton Pavelic, in 1944-45. Stepinac and "other traitors" were accused of linking "all the enemies. ul. you've riot in order c-uj".l'ee. drinking lhal I've had even a drop, off I yo ! ut ' the country in a plan to secure " foreign intervention lo save the independent stale of Croatia." "Everyone fighting ihc state is any enomy of the Croatian people," ihc court president said. He Continued on l'a;>c Two for ,'JO d-i.ys — or more. 1 iokl him that was very difficult. "Ye.s." lie said, "it is, but we r,';'j li:ive verv. very few persons ".led as Ihe result of I press about and the radio announcements coroner's race without its consent." Talmadge was recently elected to the Georgia governorship Jpr a fourth term on a "preserve v the white primary" platform. . D.ele- galea to the state Democratic convention in Macon this week which formally nominated Talmadge, were outspoken in their criticism ol Scott's entrance in the race. Approximately 19,000 Negroes voted under a U. S. Supreme Court decision in' Georgia's July 17 primary. O ,..^,t..^-!-.^^:i'^.-j .,jiut.:Ui-";j.'.-^.T,ffq'Li i !'^!'i.;i*'Tgs?- T-T*— - r ~sc$!?Z^r~ "^,

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