Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on October 10, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, October 10, 1946
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^rjWi rt*rt »"t*V» tl*t> • - • m" HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Wednesday, October, 9, 1946. Dream boat (p Termed 'rofi table AY" BO YD" 1 '^Cairo, Oct. 9—(ffV-The communications- officer of the Superfortress SEVENTH ANNUAL ARK A MS AS lLiVESTOCK V^^V)**" '-^ 4Oi./v lNew,SMW'6rounds^^> IWfest Roosevelt at ^ on ^^^ p^y 70 ^J8 \jf*G«oera! Wiw'jsio-.bG-Oisds^ N^K I Kl M il j D W A V Thrilling Ridesfj ,and Shows MONDAY OCT.I4; Merchants and Manufacturers premiums for Arkansas Pncusan Dreomboat, which flew non-stop 10,925 miles over the Artie circle from Honolulu to Cairo, said today that commercial air service over the lop of the world was practicable from a communications standpoint. Li. Col. F. J. Shannon, called back to army .. service especially for the test flight from his job as engineer for radio station \VCAU in Philadelphia, said high radio frequencies were blacked out repeatedly by sunspot flareups but declared: "If commercial airways decide to use this region as an air route, I believe they could have successful communication with a few well placed low frequency radio stations." Shannon pointed out in an interview that the shortest distance between many population centers [was across the northern wastes. The commander of the Dreamboat maintained meanwhile that the 276-mtle-an-hour trip have proved the ability of the B-20 to "defend the United States over any part of the world." The Dreamboat landed at Payne field in the desert near here at 9:57 a. m. (1:57 a. m. CST) yesterday)—39 hours, 36 minutes after the takeoff on an epochal flight to test equipment in polar weather. Col. C. S. (Bill) Irvine oi St. Paul, Neb., pilot of the big xour- engine Boeing and commander of its 10-man crew, said the flight had proved the Superfortress "would do its job" of defending the United States anywhere. The .Dreamboat had been stripped even of de-icing equipment to carry a heavier tuel load and had exhausted all except 400 gallons of its 13,000-gallon supply by the end of the trip. But Irvine told reporters the United States Army's new • B136 Bomber could have made the same, flight with a bomb load. "The B-36 was designed for a range of 10,000 miles with a load," he explained, "while the B-29 has a range with load of 7,000 miles." (In Washington, Gen. Carl Spaatz, army air forces commander, said the journey had proved "the feasibility of a Slight across the polar wastes b y properly equipped aircraft" and had'given valuable information on problems of navigation, engineering, communications, weather, fuel consumption and physical endurance.) Col. Irvine said the flight had shown the magnetic north pole to be about 200 miles closer to the geographical north pole than scien- j lists had believed. When the plane i passed north of the presumed jnag- Scenes From the Hope Jonesboro Football Game Last Week Which the Bobcats Won by 26-19 Score CHAMPIONSHIP r.-e Mar son's LeacKncj -(Jpwboys 1 'ui Cowq irf£ tGb'pnp.eiijaij for ^7.500 inCfl$KPrjeis First to arrive— first to get read— first to . get the attention you want O'O~O O O O CJ U-O O O.CXO O O O O O O O O CJ U U O'O . Ml _, t _ IM) _, MMt _l h _,l_()-IMM M l-l M MMMMMMMMMM \f£..->^ (£*££ C£ t£. t£ 0£ O2 OH C£ 0£ Q^^^^H|^hA£LfiC Q£Q£aSQ£6COSO£OC _ tc te. K tc, K w w w M w w oc a: K K K K cc a: w w w w w w w w tc a: u; - W Cd U W W W W W „,'>>>>>>>• i'ooooooo , w OT w w o. * n. n. n. «vo. : oooooooooo H-fl-H E^ H H H H H W W W W W a. D. a. cu CL, oooooooo fepsi'ColaCorny any, Long Island City, N, Y» Bottler:'Pepsi-Cola Bottling Co. of Texarkana ^^- ,J^X « A Protection Plan FOR EVERY MAN • The Woodmen of the World offers adult members their choice of 18 standard types of certificates— to acquire funds for education, establish themselves in useful careers, give them death and disability protection, or provide retirement income for old age. Juvenile members can choose from five types of certificates— to acquire funds for education, establish themselves in useful careers, or give them death and disability protection. And that's not all! Woodmen members also value the pleasure and benefits they receive from the fraternal, social and civic activities of their Woodmen Camps. The sooner yoiji sfarf, ihe more yoti'Jl tiom Woodmen insurance protection and frq- , ternal activities. See your local Woodmen 'rep- ; : j zesentatiYe . , , let him give you .cojrqpjeie. . WOODMEN ^ WORLD Life Insurance Sgeiety OMAHA, NEBRASKA OUR ASSETS EXCEED $156.000.000 GUYJ. DOWN ING, Fi e id 203 Texas Rated Dallas Wins i exus Korea Fourth onc) Top Team Di *' c scries of Nation By SID FEDER New York, Oct. 9 —Ml— After two years Army has finally been rooted out of its spot at (he head of the nation's football parade. The nation's sports writers, voting in the Associated Press' first weekly poll of 194fi on the top ten teams in the country, today boosted Dana X, Bible's touchdown- happy Texas Longhorns up to thr- head of the class. All told. 108 ballots were cast from coast,to coast, -and 69 of thorn voted the Straight Texas ticket. Army got 21 first-place votes, and Notre Dame, finishing third, drew 15. Under the usual point system of scoring—10 for a first-place sclcr- tion, 9 for a second, 8 for a third and so on—it was a photo finish among the top three, with Texas piling up 999 1-3 points, Army .028 13 and Notre Dame 913 1-3. Army's second-place nominations were 30 to 13 to 13 for Notre Dame It has been just under two years now since Davis, Blanchard & Co., moved into their address on No .1 Football street. That was two days after thev caved the roof in on Notre Dame 59-0 in 1944. They've been there ever since. But last Saturday, while the Cadets were whipping Cornell -16 21—in a game that saw a team score more points against Army than any other outfit had piled up in three years—Texas took on the Oklahoma Aggies in the nation's outstanding gamc-of-thc-day anc just about ran.the Cowboys out o! the ball park, <1-G. Michigan, with a total of 632 points, moved up to fourth place in this week's voting. The rest of the first ten were distanced in the voting. The UCLA powerhouse, was fifth with 40' points. Alabama's Rose Bowl champions dropped to sixth in the current balloting, with 352. Pennsylvania was seventh with 24 1-3. Georgia and Tennessee deadlocked for eighth with 247 and Northwestern moved up to tenth, with 177. The second ten: 1—Columbia, 146; 12—Illinois, 119; 13—Louisiana State. 94; 14—Ohio State, 77 13; 15—Yale 47; 16—St. Mary's (Cali- forniai, 45; 17—Stanford ,38; 18— Arkansas, 23; 19 — Tie between Kentucky and North Carolina State, 17 each. Others receiving one or more points: Iowa, 15; Oklahoma, Kl 1-3; Oklahoma Aggies, 13; Tulanc and North Carolina, 11 each; Texas Tech and Tulsa, 10 each; Navy, 9; Indiana. 7; Rice Harvard, Cor- icll and Minnesota, 5 each; Nc- jraska, Georgia Tech and Nevada, i each; Dartmouth, Virginia, Wisconsin and Wake Forest, 2 each: Penn State, South Carolina, Mississippi State, Oklahoma City, Har- din-Shnmons and U. of Washing ton, 1 each. : Dallas, Tex., Oct. 8 — (UP) — The Dallas Rebels flow the Dixie Series championship .flag today \fter completing n four-game sweep over the Atlanta Crackers, Southern Association chn,mps, with a 9 to 7 victory lust night. Catcher Harvey Jlcibc climaxed a six-run third inning for the Texas licague champs with a bases-full lomc run. Bob Moycr and Clint ~onnsler also blasted homers for he winners, whoso victory was .heir second in Dixie Scries competition in 20 years. o SILENT STEAL Chicago, Oct. D —(.TV- The man who walked into a Loop liquor "tore ignored Manager WlllUim Schwartz' greeting. H« walked to the counter and produced a pistol —but didn't say anything. Then he handed Schwartz 4C, a paper bag. Schwartz told central police he got the idea nnd stuffed $187 In currency into ih«- bag and handed it. to the bandit. The silent gunman motioned for Schwartz to He on the floor behind 1 the counter and then ho vanished. TOP PHOTO—Bowman Pen-in (leCt) came very.near getting loose In : the first quarter. He had picked up 14 yards before being dragged down from behind here. Others in tho photo are Troutt'(J 41), Morten (H 53), Garrctt (H 52), and Milam (H46).' CENTER PHOTO-^ James Sloan Hurricane quarterback, ran 26. yards' on-this play in the second quarter to help set up the' first JHS touchdown. Wells, Hope fullback (43) pulled Sloan down a moment later. '••'.'- LOWER PHOTO—Busier Rogers i.4M made a beautiful cutback with a,.burst of speed In avoid this tackier on the first play;' of the game c's he raced 85 yards to Hope's first touchdown. Mullins (33) is. "convoying" Roger:* while at left Frank Boyd, Jo.ies-'•' boro end ! s being cut down by a sharp Hope blockcr. !; —Sunphoto by Elrcd and Tillcy British Loan Will Mean More Business BY SIGRID ARNE abroad. For generations English ginghams, percales and chintzes have been the delight ot; women the wqrld over. But bombs damaged a lot of the machinery, and much of the rest wore out on war jobs, or became antiquated. The British plan to permit the use of a good chunk of the U. S. loan to modernize their textile industry. They're banking on it to help pay their way ! out of their huge war debt, and the Washington — The U. S. decision new American loan. lend greal Britain $3,750,000,000 will mean mp.re business here — as it was intended to do.. Four sections of the United States are likely to feel the shot- in- the- arm first, judging from the initial British government announcements of the manner in which the loan will be used. Here they are: 1. and 2. — California - Oregon and Minnesota — where the canned food industry is concentrated. The Cardinal Shift Puts Williams On the Spot By JACK HAND Boston, Oct. 9 — iff'}— T=-d Wil- 4. The Chicago - Columbus- Pitts-1 Hams' failure lo foil the "Dyer food — not good deal of it will be canned food, and much of that will be canned fruit, since the British arc fruit hungry. Through the war, for six long years, they had neither the ships nor the money to waste on such luxury. The few fruits that got to Britain became so fantastically expensive that a single pear would bring $3.50 Textile Machinery 3. New England — where the textile machinery industry is concen tratcd. Textiles were one of burgh factories — where coal mining machinery is made. Brilain- also made much money by the sale ot coal to other countries. Now her mines need repairs, and the government says a seco.nd good chunk of the lo.an will be spent fixing them up. To Move Slowly It's estimated only some $400,000- Ihe British have used the whole amount. That year, also, the 2 percent inlcrcst payments begin, and they continue hope for 50 years, or until £001. By the time the British their foreign sales will be large c- nough both lo pay for goods to meet their currcnl needs and also to begin to pay off their debts; Here's the way Ihc British government plans to dole out the A- morican loan. Any British importer who wants to buy in the United Slates must, ain his purchase to the Board trade. If the board decides ei- _ thcr fa) lhat the purchase is some- I thing that the British should have nctic pole, its magnetic com-j even under their'"austerity living" passes, instead of pointing south I program, or (bi lhat the commodity pointed toward the geographical | j s needed to make some British cx- polc. hilt" with a third bapc bunt has >ut the Red Sox slugger on the aseball hot seat today as Boston repares for its first World Scries ;ame since 1918 against the con- ,iving St. Loui;, Cardinals. All even in their first two games ;t Sportsman's Park, the Amerian League's runaway champs ipen at home 1his afternoon with heir chief long distance power hreat upset by the Cards' infield dlighnment. Manager Eddie Dyer of Ihe St. ouis team has tacitly admitted lis fear of Williams' power by :hanging Third Baseman Whitey turowski into a second sacker ivcry time Ted comes to bat, mov- ng Second Baseman Red Schoen- Jicnsl to a normal first base and Shortly before the drcamboat was sighted over Cairp, the commander radioed grimly, "f declare emergency." He expressed fear the low fuel supply would unbalance the ship and landing would be dangerous. But Ihc plane touched down safely and the crewmen, tired from lack of sleep, stepped out to a welcome from the Royal Aero club of Egypt .They talked with newsmen and then headed for !?hep- hcard's hotel and a bath. Col. Irvine 'said his :'light had been inspired by Gen. Spaatz' talk of global air warfare. He arranged for il with his chief, Lt. Gen. Ennis C. Whitehcad, head of ihe Pacific- air command. Other crewmen were Col. Beverly Warren of Omaha, a pilot; Ma'j J. T. Brothers of Knoxvillc, Tcnn., a navigator: Muj. J. H. Dale of Wise, Va.. flight engineer; K. B. Snodgrass of Seattle, Wash., a Boeing engineer; Lt. Col. F. J. Shannon of Philadelphia, communications officer; Sgl. E. G. Vasse of Hunlsville, Mo., radio operator; Maj. J. R. Kerr of Arcadia, Calif., aircraft engineer, and Sgl. G. S. Fish of Appleton, Wis., engineer. "Pacusan" spells on!, the initials port mp.ro saleable, the government will approve the idea. The importer will get American dollars to paj for his purchases here. Inflation Worries Because of the many expenses facing the British government today, there is marked worry i(t London, as in many capitals, ovci American price inflation. It makes the dollars they are borrowing worth less, .because they can bu\ less. There is a Bureau of Labor sta tistcis figure which illustrates Bril ish worries: it averages out the price increases during the pas year on 28 basic commodities(sui, as wheat and cottcni. In Ihosc \2 months their prices have jumped 35.6 percent. Turn that around and it means that a do.llar a Briiishe might have received a year agi with which to buy basic U. S. com moflitics is now worth only 04, cents. The fact lhat the dollar has sue denly lost 35 cents of its value will add lo British "choosey- ness" as a buyer, much as the American buyer is beginning to be choosey The British arc likely to hunt bargains in countries where prices ar" lowc-r. In many such cases they'll pay in American dollars. Then the Japs Adopt Constitution of Anti-War ^ By RUSSELL BRINES " Tokyo, Oct. 9 —(/I 1 )— A revised "anti-war" constitution outlawing the maintenance of armed i'orccs, drastically curtailing the emperor's political powers and granting Ihe people a specific bill of rights was accepted by the House of Rep- rcsenlalives today. The vote was 342 lo 5, four Communists and one Independent dis- peror himself. The Communists consistently opposed the constitution on the grounds they felt it left the emperor too much power, and that it was imposed from the top and did not come from the people. General questioning in the Diet disclosed Japanese hopes that the document would permit the continuance of the emperor as a "symbol" of state, that it would not eliminate Japan's family system or other" traditional cultural heritages," and that Japan would be protected adequately in the event of any future conflict. Debates reflected Ihc general belief that the United Stales would defend Japan. L-o Two English sailors planted the British flag at the Cape of Gc-.od Hope in 1620. : Go on fh» Streamlined • Air-Conditioned Shorl Scenic Route Convonient Connoctioni KANSAS (flTY/5 SOUTHERN For Inlormstion' ond Reservations Phone DEPOT TICKET OFFICE Tel. 196 k. A. A. A. A. A A A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. )lucing Stan Musial on the "ield foul line. right The outfield also pulls sharply to ight field, although unlike Lou 3oudreau's "stop Williams" do- 'ense, Dyer plays his left fielder 'airly deep in a near-normal posi- ion. Third base is wide open and ,hc' left side of the infield is left entirely in-the hands of Marty Marion, "Mr. Shortstop.' ' Ted said he tried lo dump one dowri toward third in Monday's ijamc and attempted lo Jilt to left but was unable to carry out his plan because of Harry Brechcen's inside pitching,; The Cards figure that over time Williams docs tfy to Lo Jc'ft instead of doing what comes naturally, they will have him pressing so hard he won't be of much use to the Sox. . • While the -fans, writers and ball players gossiped about the .Williams affair, the weatherman cast a disturbing :shadow over the This means the cabinet ot 'Shi- eru Yoshida will resign within ix months after promulgation of he constitution and the HOUJO oC ' J ccrs will disappear at the end of he current extraordinary session. The new document was prepared mdcr American guidance. No major objections developed luring three months' continuous lebatc on the fundamental points of outlawing war, lessening the cinpcror's position and legally specifying the people's rights. Accept cincu of the constitution had been assured by strong support voiced by General Mat-Arthur and the cm- American sellers stand to benefit since almost cycry country . righ 1 now has -pressing needs for some American' machinery and food. Around the Circle For example, if Great Britain decides to buy Egyptian cotton, rather that American, and chouses to pay in American dollars, then E gypt will have dollars to spend here. If the British decide lo buy most of their wheat in Canada, as they probably will, since Canadian wheat cun be sold for less than American, then Canada will .have more dollars to spend here. In any event, the S3,750.000,000 will eventually come winging home Fenway Park opener with, his prediction that it would be cloudy and cool with temperatures in the 50'.s. As the two clubs arrived i'rom St. Louis last nighl by separate special trains they were greeted by a chilling wind lhat formed quilt a contrast to the blistering heal that had sent the thermometer into the ISO's both days at Sportsman's Park. : Ticket quotations by scalpers ranged from $75 to $100 per paii and there was the usual c'arlj bleacher line. Back home at Fenway •• where they had won Cl and lost only II in breezing to the pennant by 12 ganics, the Sox were confided they would be able to uphold Ihc proud Boston tradition of ncvci losing a ' series. Dave (Boo) Ferriss, the terrific 25-gamc winning sophomore scnsa lion was set to make his scric debut opposing Murry Dickson o the Cards, a pair of righthander in a scries that had been, dominat t-dy by southpaws in its carlj stages. Dickson throws a little of '--very thing in the pitching book. His fa's OIH-, backed by good control, is hi of the Pacific air command, U. S. second country will have American j again to pay for commodities from Away, i'l»3 "N" for euphony. | dollar* ty spend here. Ju cither uusc | American. I^rins urnl ace. Fenway's beckoning left flol wall 315 feet away is expected t restore the home run to the Rcc Sox attack, particularly a,s a tai set Cor big Rudy York whose 101 inning smash broke up the openei However, it also should be a hcl ty Kui'owslu oi the Cards. JUST ARRIVE Will Go On SALE FRIDAY Rayon Dress Linings FALL COLORS 59c yd. Dress Gabardine SOLID COLORS BEAUTIFUL FOR FALL WEAR 89cyd. Advance Patterns TO AID YOUR SEWING It 1 • —© Voice of Opinion By James Thrasher We had been wondering, ever since Prime Minister Stalin answer- cd those questions for the Sunday Times of London's correspondent, months to change the Soviet leader's attitude . It seemed only yesterday that lie was warning his people of capitalist encirclement and the inevitability of war. It seemed even more ^recent — in fact, it was the same day that Mr. Stalin's interview was made public — that Andrei Gromyko was accusing the United Stales of threatening world peace by keeping troops in China, Iceland, Brazil and Panama. Yet here was Mr. Stalin saying that there was no real danger of a "new war." Here was Mr. Slalin denying that Britain and the United Slates could create a capitalist encirclement of the Soviet Union even if they wanted to — iwhich he wasn't sure they did. '-'•'Here he was saying that Russia didn't intend to use Germany as an instrument of ambition against the West, that political, trade and Nationalists in China Put on Full-War Scale Nanking, Oct. 10 — (UP)— Nationalist China was placed on a official war footing today by a government mandate affecting some 300,000,000 people which restored military control over all Nationalist civilian administrations. All males between the ages of 18 and 45 were eligible for military conscription under the mandate. Some observers interpreted , the order as a virtual abandon- cultural tics would strengthen ang- mcnt of peace hopes by Chiang 1 that "communism in one country" I w kai slick's Kuommtang govern- Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Scattered showers this afternoon and tonight and over most of state except northwest portion Friday. Cooler Friday, 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 307 Star of Hooe. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 16. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1946 (AP)—Means Associated Crest (NEA)—Means Newsoaoer Ehterorite Asi'n. PRICE 5c COPY lo - Russian friendship, and that "communism in one country" and Big Three-co- operation were possible. Why the change? The same mood of „ intransigence, s u s p i cion and mutual accusation seemed lo possess the Paris conference and Jthc Security Council. The wishes ot ^smaller nations seemed ignored, and the differences among the major powers stood forth more sharply as a result. Yet there was one difference. That was in the attitude of Secretary of State Byrnes. Since last May, when Mr. Stalin warned his people of inevitable war, the American minister had exchanged his role of compromiser for a more adamant part. It is this change lhat called forth Henry Wallace's dc- nuncialion and precipitated the re- .5>ccnl cabinet crisis. It is a change which, presumably, many Americans disaprove. But how else is Mr. Stalin's change of altitude to bo explained? The easiest explanation is to say that, on the recent day of conflicting statements, Mr. Stalin was talking through his hat, nol Mr. Gromyko's. To say thai, however, is lo go against logic and past performance and insisl lhal Mr. Slalin' own pronouncements arc not the key to Russia policy. It is more sensible !jp to admit lhal Ihc Prime Minis let's words carry more weight than either Mr. Gromyko's or Mr. Molotov's, and lo note lhal since his recent interview had wide circulation throughout the Soviet Union as well as the rest of the world il is possible that Mr. Slalin was giving his people a new, prcdigest- ment. Nationalist troops under Gen. Fu Tso-Yi were reported within eight miles of the Communist bas- Harriman Invited to Address Young State Democrats Little Rock, Oct. 9 —(/I 1 ) — W. Avcrill Harriman, new secretary of commerce, has been invited to address the Oct. 30 banquet of the Young Democratic Clubs of Arkansas, it was announced today. Buford Jester, Democratic candidate for governor of Texas, previously had been invited to speak but informed club leaders he would be unable to accept. Labor Battle in Arkansas Near Head By BOB BROWN -.„ „ „. „„„-., Little Rock, Oct. 10-(UP)—Artion of Kalgan in Chahar province Kansas s biennial labor battle is Most of U. S. Treated to a Spectacular Shooting Star Display Shed by Comet By The Associated Press caught by the earth's gravitational Most of the' United States was,pull and consumed for the most treated to a spectacular display of shooting stars last night as meteors shed by the comet Giacobini- Zinner burned across the skies in what some scientists said was the most brilliant exhibition seen in America this century. ' But dense clouds marred or completely obliterated the view for many watchers of the skies in some sections of the country. Scientists used radar and for tile first recorded time reported thej> display of meteors be- and clouds. Observers and closing in on the city from the north and south. The northern striking force of Fu's pincer attack reportedly had reached Wangchuaiv eight miles northwest of Kalgan, having pushed forward 10 miles since yesterday's capture of Changpoi. Other Nationalist units, supported by aircraft and artillery, were reported 25 miles south of Kalgan, in the vicinity of Sinpaoan. Chiang was re-elected president oC the Kuomintang Executive Committee today. He will serve until a new- chief executive is elected after Ihc inauguration of a constitutional governrhcnt. Chiang's speech yesterday on the 35lh anniversary of the founding ot the Chinese Republic brought new spcculalion on China's hopes for peaceful settlement of its internal difficulties. The Generalissimo said his government would brook no"rcbcllion aimed at national disintegration." He blamed the Communists for mosl of China's troubles, but said, he hoped unisication could be ] achieved through mediation. He | slook pat, however, on earlier dc- j mands which the Communists already have rejected. Communist spokesman Wang Ping-Nan said he had found "nothing new" in Chiang's attitude, plan moving toward its January and February showdown. In one corner will be the Christian American Association and the ArKansas Free Enterprise Association. In the other will be the labor unions. The eight will center around the proposed passage of an enabling act to Arkansas's anti-closed shop law—as it did in the legislature two years ago. Vance Muse of Houston, Tex., director which of Christian sponsored the American anti-closed ed, compulsory line of thought. The western world will wait, of course, for actions to back up Mr. Stalin's words. But it is possible to believe today that, as a result of Mr. Byrnes' firmness, Mr. Stalin- has concluded that his own tactics have carried him farther toward a showdown than the spirit o£ his people and the slate of his industry will permit. There is an obvious danger in being too optimistic, for future events may prove us wrong, there are indications today Yet that shop amendment passed by Arkansas voters in 1045, will move into Little Rock next week to plan for passage of the enabling act which would set up penalties for violations of the law. As now set up, the amendment makes il unlawful for .any "person to be denied employment because of membership in or affiliation with or resignation from a iabor union." However, there are no penalties for breaking the law. And there have been violalions. Slale Labor Supervisor M. E. he knew of several "saw" a yond fog from the National B.ureau of Standards in Washington said they were sure that "pips" appearing on the radar screen represented meteors about 50 miles from earth. : Other scientists boarded airplanes to get above thick clouds for a glimpse of the aerial fire? works and arvard astronomers in an "aerial planetarium" reported seeing meteors at the rate of about 17 per minute. . Joint army air forces signal corps observers at Whiteside, N. M., reported to Camp Evans, U. S. Signal Corps laboratory aV Belmar, N. J., that they contacted the meteor showers with radar at varied distances from 45 to 180 miles. The display resulted as the earth came within 131,000 miles of the spot in space through which the comet passed eight days ago. The meteors were shed by the part as they plunged through the earth's air shell, the friction be tween the solid matter and the all- causing the brilliant burning. Wagner Schlcsingcr, director of the Adler planetarium in Chicago, said he counted 149 flashing pro- ectiles in a 10-minutc peak period starting at 9:45 p. m. CST and said the display was unmatched in this country during the present century. . Emsley Johnson, Sr., president of the Indiana Astronomical Society, said the display in Indianap- this was the most spectacular he ever saw and similar views were expressed by scientists in Duluth, Superior, Wis., and Berkeley, Dr. J. J. Nassau of the Case School of Applied Science in Cleveland said the peak period was reached at 9:45 p. CST, when , he counted the meteors at about 100 per minute. Omahans -saw scores of meteors beginning shortly after dusk and at times the display was almost continuous with a meteor a second. Among those who were stymiec by heavy clouds were scientists from New York's Hayden plane tarium .They spent two hours and forty minutes in a plane above the metropolitan area but were unable to rise above the overcast The plane was unable to go be yond 13,000 feel and the contro tower at Newark airport reported comet and formed part of its tail. | the overcast went as high as 20,Those seen on the earth were those 1000 feet. "closed shop" contracts that have been signed in the state since the passage of amendment No. 34. Labor leaders admit that they have Mr. Stalin may be drifting toward that amiable and mutually agreeable deadlock, or status quo, on which the immediate peace of the world would seem to depend. Durant Blaze Kills One in Nurses 7 Home Durant, Okla.. Oct. 10—I/PI—One nurse died of suffocation and two A others were injured early today r ' when flames swept the second floor oC the Durant hospital nurse's home hero. Four other nurses fled to safety. Mary Ellen Lovell, 19, of Durant, was found dead of suffocation b.y rescue workers who groped their way through smoke lo Ihc second floor of the homo, Dr. A. T. Baker, director oC the hospilal said. Vcrnio Arnold, 19, of Durant, suffered an arm injury when she leaped from the window of her room. Dr. Baker said her injury 31 was not serious. ^ Mrs. Addah Broadhurst, 52, of Iclabol, was overcome by smoke and suffered from shock, the Uoc- tcir said. He added she would re cover. Dr. Baker said the fire apparently started in an unoccupied room and was confined to the second floor of the two-story building. "We just don't know what causctl the- fire," he added. "The damage to the building was minor. The fire did not spread beyond Ihc second , floor. I "The nurses were awakened by smoke, apparently, and ran from the building, with the exception of Miss Arnold, who jumped, and Miss Lovell and Mrs. Broadhurst. No other persons were injured." unification before," Wang commented. "By unification he means unification by force." Liang Hsu-Ming, secretary of tho Democratic league, hina'a largest opposition parly, interpreted the speech as "more conciliatory" than Chiang's V-J Day address. "He, spoke in general terms," Liang said ,"and did not attack the Communists directly." Democratic league officials, however, said they would not appoint delegates to the forthcoming assembly while the government drive on Kalgan is under way. Information Minister Peng Hsucn-Pci said the government was determined lo hold Ihc national asscm- oly as scheduled and proceed with government reorganization before Nov. 12. Observers said Chiang would have to give up the drive on Kalgan if he expects opposilion parties to take part in the national assembly. all containing closed shop clauses. , Muse, who was in Liltle Rock prior lo this summer's primary elections, is confident of victory in the legislature, but evidently he feels that his presence in the stale will be a help. "We elected a legislature that'll take care o'frit," Muse told United Press. "We got rid of all that CIO bunch except .two.". He .did .not elaborate. '•Labor leaders admit lhat the Christian American Association and other -anti-labor groups made inroads into their legislative ranks in the recent primaries. But "while they gained in some parts 1 of the state we gained in others," they Magnolia Radio Application to Be Heard Washington, October 10— (Special) Tho Federal Communications Commission set the implications of Magnolia Broadcasting Company, of Magnolia, and the Four States Broadcasting Corporation, of Texarkana, for a consolidated hearing lo be held in Washington, D. C. November 1. Both applicants are applying for a 2nd watt standard broadcasting station to operate on 1490 KC unlimited time. Fred W. Bell to Be Buried Tomorrow Funeral services for Fred W. Bell, 49-year-old farmer who was found dead September 30, in a field on his farm near Hope, will ae held tomorrosv at 11 a.m. wiUi burial in Rose Hill cemetery. Herndon-Cornelius Funeral Home in charge of burial, have been unable to locate any relative or close friend of the deceased. He lived alone at his farm and neighbors knew only that "he came here Christian Ameican's plans will have the support of the i'rce enterprise association, a group of planters, manufacturers and other Arkansas business men. Guy Cameron of Little Rock, chairman of the free enterprise group, said that a "reasonable en- I abling act will be presented to the 1947 legislature and will have the support of the Free Enterprise As sociation." At the last session, different versions of the measure passed both Houses, but the lawmakers would nol agree on identical measures. Opposition to the legislation will come, ns usual, from organized labor in Arkansas. William Henderson, Little Rock CIO leader, said "sure, we'll fight it. We're going to take the entire measure to the United States Supreme court just as soon as we can get someone to join us in a test suit. We believe that the act is a direct violation of the Wagner Gen, Joe Stiwell Seriously III in San Francisco " Sun Francisco. Oct. 10—Wi—General Joseph \V. Stilwcll, Sixth Armf comnvindur, is critically ill in Let- tcrman General Hospital. The 03- year-old Asiatic war veteran is suffering .from ii liver condition believed to have been contracted in the Burma jungles. "Vinegar Joe," a wiry man •whom- indefatigable energy carried him through Ihree ye-irs of strenuous personal leadership of American and Chinese troops in the wilds of Burma, underwent an if operation Oct. 3 and was believed progressing satisfactory until late yesterday. Physicians issued only u brief announcement saying his condition was "cilieal." A veteran with China service dating back to J920, Stilwcll was withdrawn after he disagreed with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek Russia in Mysterious Move Seals Off Part of Balkans, Czech Area From Air Travel from California last June." o : 7 K4of ridges in 18 Months Brings Arrest Little Rock, Oct. 10 — CUP) —A total of seven marriages in 18 months — some without benefit of divorce — have landed Thomas Jackson Butler, 24-year-old Vimy Ridge, Ark., man, in state prison again. Butler's prison furlough was revoked yesterday following his seventh marriage and an auto wreck near Pine Bluff. State Parole Officer W. P. Ball said that Butler was discharged from the navy 18 months ago — and married four times within a short period, each time after being divorced legally. However, Ball reported the young veteran married No. 5, left her one. afternoon, and married No. 6 before midnight, without benefit of divorce. This action landed him promptly on Tucker prison farm on a bigamy charge. About 60 days ago his family ob- t-iipcd a furlough on condition that he live with a sister in Little Rock and refrain irom additional marriages. However, Ball said that three weeks ago Butler drove to a farm icar the Jetferson-Lonoke county principle was not applied to the Panama and Suez canals and :./• oth.er international waterways. .-. ~~ U.S. Renews Demand for Free Danube By R. H SHACKFORD Paris, Oct. 10 —(UP)—Foreign Secretary Ernest Bcvin threatened today to refuse to sign the Romanian peace treaty unless the Danube and the Balkans are opened up to free trade and Foreign Secretary V. M. Mololov immediately demanded to know what the same Drop Controls, Beef Industry Promises Meat Washington. Oct. 10 —(/P) — The aeof industry coupled a demand tor immediate scrapping of price controls today with a promise of ample supplies of meat "very soon"—possibly before November's congressional elections—if the administration acts. R. G. Haynie, chairman of the OPA beef industry alvisory committee which petitioned formally for decontrol, told reporters there are plenty of cattle and calves ready for market as soon as price ceilings arc lifted. The White House, scene of a special round of top-level conferences on the situation ]ate 'yesterday, remained silent. "I make no forecast myself," said Press Secretary Charles G. Ross when reporters asked him what might happen. From other sources it was learned that the president's chief advisers on political and food problems planned another scries of conferences later today. Immediate decontrol, as sought by the beef industry, was reported one of the steps under active consideration. President Truman wns to sec reporters at 3 p.m. C.S.T. The beef industry's decontrol petition, filed with Secretary of Agriculture Anderson, took sharp issue with the president's contention that there was a heavy slaughter of meat during July and August, when controls were temporarily off. "Apparently the circumstances that have induced this erroneous belief is the fact that these cattle moved to market, were slaughtered and the meat sold during normal and legitimate channels," the petition said. "Many months prior to July 1, 1946, great numbers of cattle arid calves were purchased by black market operators at the 102 Year-Old Vet Observes Quiet Birthday Hot Springs, Oct. 9 —(/P)—Julien M. Ransler, last surviving mem ber of General Custer's cavalry in the Civil war, observed hip 102nd birth anniversary quietly with his wife at their home here today. Ransier, a native of Manluis, N. Y., has lived in retirement at Hot Springs for many years. farm and elsewhere auction which markets escaped and the notice of governmental agencies." The petition argued that there is no shortage of cattle .and calves under the meaning of the price control act and said: U.S. Reds Are Asked to Get Out of Labor Washington, Oct. 10 — (/P)— The United Slates Chamber of Commerce demanded; today that Congress rip the lid off the Communist party to end its power and influence in labor's ranks and within the government itself. Declaring that Communists still are operating under an international Comintern bent upon world conquest, the organization added that because the party "thrives upon deceit" and is loyal to a "hostile" foreign power,' it should be "forced by law" to reveal its membership, sources of money and all its activities. ' The chamber's lengthy report, based on a year-long investigation by a special committee on socialism and communism, asserted that Communists have succeeded in driving "many faithful public servants from the government.' •' It declared, too, that Red infiltration into the government has been particularly marked in both the Treasury and Labor Departments. A Treasury spokesman quickly retorted that the department "naturally has no comment on so general a statement." However, Secretary of Labor Schwellcnbach said that charges of subversive activity had been brought by the FBI against "a number of Labor Department em- p'uycs" and that an investigation I'.as-.been, underway ,for .severa' ( ! ays.-Five 'cases /.already, have v.ecn , studied and two others are set for inquiry. .-'• -On..the labor front, the,; chamber WSB Quits, Says Wage Control Not Necessary By United Press Industry members of President Truman's 'Wage 'Stabilization Board resigned their jobs, effective today, while in other administration quarters U. S. officials sought to end tie-ups in the film, power, transit, and shipping .industries and avert a western raE- road strike. The WSB members, A. Colman Barrett and Earl N. Cannon, submitted their resignations in a letter to Mr. Truman in which they said that it had become apparent that wage' controls were no longer feasible. The administration-today was re- orled to be considering the ques- lon of an all-public member board ' o replace the tri-partite structure. U'pesent, the board is composed f public, labor, and industry re- resentatives. . Some : observers believ'ed that the ction presaged an early elimina- ion of the WSB and a lifting of pay ontrols which, in turn, could be use'd by labor unions to ;demand ; rc- •pening of wage contracts. • In the 'major labor developments: .•••••••'•' . • 'T. Negotiations to* settle the 10- day - old maritime strike were stymied by CIO demands for assurances that the maritime commission would extend' the terms of an agreement negotiated with ulantic and Gulf coast operators o government-owned ships on the west coast. 2. The Ford Motor Co. announced t would, shut down from tonight until 'Monday morning because of a crippling steel: shortage which las curtailed Detroit automobile sroduction. Approximately" 100,000 Ford employes will be laid off. 3. A fourth Hollywood' motion picture company obtained a temporary restraining order limiting the number of - pickets blocking entrance to. the studios in the flim city's jurisdictional strike. 4. -Bus transportation remained stalled by strike sof AFL transit workers .in- Chicago, Columbus, O., Under these conditions Con- eclared th'at while! the Jafc Sid- gress has ordered decontrol in icy Hillmah was. not a Commu- order that the law of supply and . nist, nor is CIO President Philip demand be permitted to function* Murray,.; "tw.o of - their.top., a'dyisjsrs "Whether prices would rise after I are Communists, .taking'direct .and ~Bcvin demanded ; parity'« Jor'^Britain in Romania. His appeal followed a similar demarld by Sen. Arthur H.' Vandenberg, R., Mich., for application of Atlantic Charter free trade principles to the Danube and the Balkans. Molotov replied to the Anglo- 1944 over the use equipment. ot American London, Oct. 10 — (UP) —Russian authorities -imposed a ban on flights over the Balkans and Czechoslovakia today, throwing U. S. Army officials into a state o£ secrecy and confusion that obscured the motive behind the action. The only hint of reason for the air ban came from Washington. Military and diplomatic sources there believed it was prompted by troop movements and maneuvers in the Balkans. Soon after U. S. headquarters at Frankfurt had confirmed the closing of the skies over Romania, Hungary and Czechoslovakia to foreign planes, Gen. Joseph T. Mc- Narncy's office announced that flights could be resumed over Czechoslovakia. Another brief interval elapsed and the same office said that the orders against flying over Hungary had been countermanded. That left only Romania. An unheralded bur.il of reports from key points on iho continent disclosed only after the Soviet air ban was in effect that vhc Red army had forbidden military or commercial flights over Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Romania, as of yesterday. A Pan American airways clipper turned back Jrom Vienna, cancel- ling its scheduled flight on to prague. The company nnnounccd it was terminating its Transatlantic flights at Brussels until the orders shutting off the air lanes over Soviet-dominated areas was clarified. After the first flurry of confused reports, U. S. Army Air Force headquarters at Wiesbandcn, Germany, confirmed that all nights of anny transport planes and commercial air lines over Hungary, Czechoslovakia and 'Romania \vcre ordered cancelled Wednesday after ion. Air force officials at Wiesbandcn said their orders came from Gen. Joseph T. McNarncy, commander ot American forces in Europe, and they did not know why the orders were issued. The time limits of the order were nol clarified at once. A prague announcement by the foreign ministry said the ban ran through Oct. 14. An air attache at the U. S. embassy in London said he understood the bun was tempo- European sources usually willing and able to speculate at the drop of a rumor were caught off guard by ihc sudden announcement and had littlo idea what might have prompted the Soviet action. li lutiowcd by less than a week another flurry over Anglo-American air activity over the Balkans. A British plane was forced down and detained for a day. The Russians and Yugoslavs have complained repeatedly of the alleged violation 01 territory by Anglo American planes. On Aug. 9 and 19 two U. S. transport planes were forced down by the Yugoslavs .and in the hitter CUSP :"ivc American crewmen were killed. Reports from Prague, the lirst point within the Soviet .sphere to comment on the aerial ban, suggested that Czechoslovakia was none too well pleased with her part of it. They said the Russian general stuffs in Budapest and Vienna issued the orders. Observing that the Czech general staff and transport ministry were regarded in 'Prague as the only offices competent to regulate air traffic over Czechoslovakia, the reports quoted those offices as saying they knew nothing about it. ine and look unto himself No. 7 — a 16-year-old girl. wife Butler was returned to prison after he became involved in an auto accident near Pine Bluff Sunday and penitentiary officials learned of his 7lh marriage. o — Seek Husband in Gruesome Axe Slaying Fuquay Springs, N. C. ,Oct. 10 — (UP)— Police today sought Kindly, 50-year-old J. Wiley Smith in connection with the gruesome .ixc-slaying of his wife whose dcvo- Uon to her mentally-deranged husband apparently cost her her life. The horribly-hacked body of Mrs. Vera Olive Smith, 43, mother of four, was discovered by police ycs- teiday in a tobacco barn on their :'arm near Fuquay Springs. Smith, described by neighbors as "kind and senile" and as a man ''who loved his family very much;" 1 underwent a sanity examination several months ago. Dr. John F. Owen, former head of the State Hospital for the Insane, at Raleigh, said Smith apparently suffered from a, mental disorder. He was not committed to an institution, but neighbors said Mrs. Smith insisted that he never leave her sight. Police, who found her body and a blood-stained axe in a leaf-curing b-irn, prepared to search the woods 'n the area for Smith. II was at first theorized that he had gone to the home of friends nearby, but ho had nol been found early today. Mrs. Smith was found crumpled in a poo] of blood, her body literally hacked to pieces, before a : : ur- nace used for drying tobacco. The furnace and walls surrounding ivere blood-spattered. American demand by asking why these principles were not applied elsewhere in the world. The conference began its final debate on the Romanian treaty at 10 a. m. after meeting until 2:45 a. m. to complete its %york on the Italian treaty draft, which is being handed to the Big Four foreign ministers for final review and completion. Vandenberg, In a strong re-statement of the American position, said a free Danube was indispensable to the economic health and peace of central Europe and the world. "The United Slates delegation is convinced that a free Danube under unified control is as indispensable to peace as -that economic unity of Germany as a whole required by the Potsdam declaration," Vandenberg said. He denied the United States has any Direct commercial interest in the Danube, which flows :'rom Germany southeast through the heart of the Balkans to the Black Sea. He cited the long history of internationalization of the river. 'It would be a tragic, reactionary mistake to turn our backs on all this history and experience, especially in view of the .'imping, stagnant economy of the Danube." The conference in its race for Oct. 15 adjournment, has allotcd only today for final debate and voting on the Romanian treaty. II. has been grinding away ail week in morning, afternoon and evening sessions lo finish ils work. At 2:10 a. m. it voted on the last article of the Italian treaty and 5 minutes lalcr polished off the final annex after a plenary session of more than 12 hours. The conference by a two-thirds vote upheld the Big Four's French line as the Italian-Yugoslav boundary and voted 15-to- , a straight cast-west division, to recommend the Anglo-American type of administration for Trieste. decontrol is wholly immaterial." The committee said that Anderson should release all Jiyeslock andt me'als'-frbm: fcofitrbTs";^; includfriW' hogs and sheep—if he should find it impractical to decontrol cattle and calves only. Discussing the industry move at a news conference, Haynie said that under the law the only question involved is supply. He said the petition showed "by the government's own figures" that cattle and calves now available for market are above long time average. By ROGER D. GREENE •Washington, Oct. 10 —(/P)— Sighs multiplied today that the government might welcome Argentine beef to America's meatless dinner tables as a lever to pry home-bred? cattle off western ranges. With the meat controversy boiling at peak intensity — and amid forecasts of "emergency" action by President Truman within a few days—the Argentine ambassador, Oscar Ivanissevich, said he is •eady to offer Argentina's help to combat the shortage. One of the world's largest meat exporters, Argentina for years has been prohibited from shipping neat lo the United States on the ground that hoof and mouth disease is prevalent among Argentine cattle. However, an aide to the ambassador told a reporter this is no issue now because the meat Ar- [enlina will offer is boneless anc requent] orders- on Strike Ties Up Transportation in Fort Smith canned. He said there is Continued on V-age Two aboui policy ••a s rom. the very itop level of -the The 'report was made public a a hews conference late yesterday which developed into one of 'I the most acrimonious sessions of its kind here in recent'months. ' Under a barrage of questions Francis P. Matthews, Omaha law yer and chairman of the chamber' special committee, consistently re fused to discuss the sources of in formation which formed .the basi for the report. Matthews asserted, ..however :hal the committee has "full con fidence" in its sources and is con vinced the information is "both ac curate and dependable." The report also called for these specific steps: 1. A "complent, impartial and patriotic" fact-gathering- plan to throw light on Communist party activities. 2. Encouragement of "labor education" to give the -"non-Communist majorities the training needed to fight their disciplined opponents."- 3. Greater education of tho American businessman "to make certain that he. learn to detect Communist influence in his labor relations, his business, and other contacts." 4. A Congressional appropriation of "adequate funds for a stringent but fair loyalty test" to carry out the policy of excluding Commu- jiists from government service. and' Ta'cp.rria,. Wash. >'5'../A federal mediator arrived in San Francisco'from Washington in/" ; an at$e.rnpt.-to- avert a threatened;-/- t w.alkoutjrpf southern "pacific • con- ,' v* ductqrs i. ; in • seven. •westerri states. "> No date"h.as been set for th*e strike." •.V'Cbh.ciliation '-• conferences" con. timv?4 ; . stalemated between com- ^^ 1$~independepfr Like Most of the World's Big Cities, Stockholm Is Having a Housing Shortage Fort Smith, Oct. 10 —(/P>— Thou sands of Fort Smith and Van Burct residents were stranded todaj without transportation to their iobs by a strike of 8 Twin City Coach Company bus drivers which bt-gar on schedule after Wednesday nigh runs were completed. Also affected by the strike were 1C shop workers who are covered by a separate contract but who refused to cross picket lines. The drivers and shop workers arc members of the AFL local. Amalgamated Association of Slrect. Electric Railway and Motor Coach Employes of America. The drivers' union contract, providing for a scale of 60 to 72 cents an hour, cxnircd at midnight Wednesday. The union sought a minimum scale of 30 cents an hour plus five cents an hour for every six months of service up to a maximum of 95 cents and 10 percent annual salary bonus. Stockholm —(/I 1 )— The capital of Sweden, like so many other places in the world, has more people than it has place to put them. This is particularly true of hotels, trains, passenger ships and transatlantic airplanes. Mexico's new ambassador to the Soviet Union, L. S. Ponton pausing here until he can got a ship to Leningrad, shared a single room without bath with his military at- tache for four days. He finally gave up and moved 22 miles away to a country hotel. One of Stockholm's papers and a picture of an old resident of the Grand Hotel, sleeping on a cot in an auxiliary eating room, I know of a visiting Canadian who, with his wife and grown son and daughter, occupied one room until his plane left for London. Papers headline a story of the plight of several hundred Swedish students unable to get rooms. A former member of the American embassy staff in Russia, on lieyc she can take over Germany's place as the great producer. But where, oh where, is she going lo put the workers necessary ior all this expansion? The same authorities talk about priorities for housing for these workers, and the presumption is that this will be put through, but skeptics shake their heads. American and British business men arc here b.v the hundreds. They demand and expect the best hotel rooms and service, and usually get them- A casual visitor on his way to some place invariably gels caught in this Swedish bottleneck. Relatively large numbers oJ Americans of Finnish birth or ancestry arc here on the way to Helsinki lo see relatives they haven't seen since before Finland's first war with Russia. The ships to Finland arc jammed and in order to accommodate the many travelers ship officers regularly give up theii quarters. alyzih'g ^Pittsburgh.'.'power strike/ 7F now in its. 17th-day:- At Detroit,/' Ford officials estimated the shutdown would affect one full day of output—about 3,500 to 4,000 cars—on Friday, inasmuch as the company does not operate at full schedule over the- weekend. The Ford announcement followed by two days -a sharp cut in production schedules ordered by the Chrysler-Corp:-because of a lack:of rolled- 5 "steel fpr car b.odies,,, s ,Cbry.sler, .scaled down its output from 3,000 to 2,775 cars-a day. Southern Pacific railroad conductors voted for strike action, if 'necessary, to 'force settlement 'of nore . than 3,700 grievances, not Deluding wages, according to of- icials of the Order of Railroad Conductors. • - : i Approximately 1,700 conductors nd brakemen in California,.: Ne- 'ada, Utah, Arizona, Texa sand few Mexico are involved in the lispute. • o ' Nazi Doctors to Face Trial in November By THOMAS A. REEDY Nuernberg, Oct. 10 — (/P)— U.S. authorities' said'today that Gernan doctors charged wilfi using iiiman beings ,as guinea pigs :'or 'nhtiman experiments in SS Elite juard) laboratories would face rial about Nov. 15 in renewed war crimes proceedings in Nuernberg. Attorneys said SS officials and, doctors involved in such experi- nenls on concentration camp in- nates and other persons would be 'rouped together in the first of a : _ * _. c __;.. j • _* _ _ii_ .__••» his way home to the United Slates, I People on their way to and fron can gel part of a tourist class cabin — but only in December- Sweden is enjoying a terrific economic boom. Her factories arc working full speed. There is no unemployment. The proposed one billion crown credit to Russia promises even more work. Labor is gelling restive and (here is talk in many quarters of demands :"or wage increases. Waiters and hotel workers already have notified their employers they want to talk about a new pay scale. To hear certain members of the government talk — Sweden is on the brink of her greatest industrial period in history. They be- Norway get caught in the crush but everyone seems to get bcddet down some place eventually. There arc no stories of people walking the streets or sleeping in the rail way stations, but they do bunk ii hotel lobbies. These people seem to place more emphasis on sleeping tham eating emphasis on sleeping than eating because the resturants don't scon unduly crowded. Everyone seems optimistic about Sweden, but about this time somebody asks, "Say. I've got a friend coming in next week, do you know where I might get him a room?" And everyone shakes his head. Aeries of six trials, the second ;roup, they said, would include Nazi peoples court judges who issued summary death sentences, often without even hearing defense cstimony. At least a dozen doctors engaged n so-called medical experiments :or the SS have been brought here 'or trial and an entire corridor of ,he Nuernberg courthouse has been roped off for weeks for the interrogation of witnesses. Experimental laboratories were discovered by invading Allied armies in several areas of Germany, and testimony at the. recently concluded war crimes trial ocforc the international military tribunal and German documents disclosed that the cxpcrimets included: Tho subjection of naked men to icy winter air or ice baths for long periods in a search :^or methods to prevent downed German airmen from freezing to death. The human guinea pigs •— the ones who were not frozen to death •— were warmed up in hot baths, or by putting them in bed with naked women. The latter mclhodi doctors reported, was not very successful. The sterilization of women and the castration of men at Oswiet-im in Poland, in the course of which the reproductive organs of 15 to 18 year-old girls were destroyed by X-ray or oth.c.r methods, transforming them into hobbling creatures appearing to be 70 years. The subjection of Buchenwald inmates to phosphorous burns to permit doctors to test remedies they hoped to use in the wake of AUied bombs. -I-

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