The Herald-Sun from Durham, North Carolina on November 21, 1948 · 32
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The Herald-Sun from Durham, North Carolina · 32

Durham, North Carolina
Issue Date:
Sunday, November 21, 1948
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SEC XV— PAGE 2 DURHAM MORNING HERALD DURHAM N C SUNDAY NOVEMBER 21 1948 Stated First Organized Nursing Started In 1772 By Moravians Of Wachovia Dr Sterling Ruffin Retires After 30 Years Graham Native W as Wilson's Physician B y LOUISE GREELEY Herald Washington Bureau Washington — Snow-haired Dr Sterling Ruffin is enjoying a life of retirement after more than 30 years devoted to treating patients in Washington from all walks of life including a President of the United States Dr Ruffin a native of Graham N C was one of hree doctors who attended the late President Woodrow Wilson during the thfee-year period which preceded his death in February 1924 Dr Ruffin worked with Dr Carey Grayson now deceased who was the former President’s personal physician and Dr Edward ‘R Stitt surgeon-general of the Navy also retired The son of Dr John K Ruffin who practiced medicine in Graham and later in Wilson N C and Sarah Elizabeth Tayloe Ruf fin and grandson of Chief Justice Thomas Ruffin of North Carolina this retired gentleman has carried on the family name in the maimer which its tradition demands He has maintained offices in the same building located at 1150 Connecticut Avenue N W for all the time he has practiced in Washington and has treated countless Washington dignitaries in addition to President Wilson A graduate of the University of North Carolina in 1884 and Columbian College (now the George Washington University) in 1890 Dr Ruffin went -n to further his medical studies at the London School of Tropical Medicine in 1900- The next two years saw him a professor of medicine at his Washington alma mater and later as physician-in-chief at the George Washington' University Hospital He also served as con sulting physician at tha Garfield Memorial Hospital here At the age of 82 Dr Puffin has spent his two years in retirement catching up on the reading he has wanted to do throughout all those busy years of practice He has a large assortment of books on President Wilson whom he considers "me of America’s greats” Upon entering his office at the Connecticut Avenue location one is Immediately greeted With the strong odor of cigars which prevails throughout the entire room and which is indicative of a habit of long-standing with the doctor Before the interview had reached the length of five minutes another habit that of keen observation interfered “Straighten out that finger young lady” he ordered “or you’ll have writer's cramp before you’re too much older!” The first organized nursing -care in North Carolina was provided by the Moravians at Wachovia (now Forsyth County) back in the xnid-18th century Records show that the Marav- ians provided “sick-rooms” for the ill and as early as 1772 Salem hid a community doctor ' an appointed midwife and nurses Neighbors frequently were called upon to nurse eich other -The early colonials cared for each other but the Moravians provided the first organized care Professional nursing was' not established in the State until 1888 but there were three women who went in training from North Carolina prior to that time They were Jane Christmas Yancey of Warren ton Fannie Buxton ' of Asheville and Evelina MacRae of Wadesbora Miss Yancey entered Bellevue Hospital in New York in 1877 Miss Buxton the same hospital in 1883 and Miss MacRae the Philadelphia General Hospital in 1884 The first school of nursing in North Carolina was started at Rex Hospital in Raleigh in 1894 by Miss Mary Lewis Wyche a native of Henderson Miss Wyche graduated from the Philadelphia General Hospital in 1894 and returned to North Carolina It was Miss Wyche who organized' the Raleigh Nurses Association in 1901 a ‘forerunner of the North Carolina State Nurses' Association which she helped organize the following year and served as its president six years She was the leader of the fight to get a law for compulsory registration of graduate nurses passed in 1903 making North Carolina the first State in the union to get this law passed Other schools of nursing and the dates they were begun were: St Peter’s at Charlotte 1899 James Walker Memorial at Wilmington 1903 Asheville Mission Hospital 1896 City Memorial of Winston-Salem 1901 Dr Hen-F Long’s Hospital in Statesville 1901 Watts Hospital in Durham 1895 Wilson Sanatorium 1902 Highsmith Hospital of Fayette- ville 1899- Mercy Hospital at Charlotte 1906 St Leo's Hospital at Greensboro 1906 Duke University 1927 Members of the first graduating class in the State at Rex Hospital in 1897 were Rosa Gilmore mu Elizabeth ' Mordecai end Elizabeth Purnell all of Raleigh and Eva Palmer of -Littleton Miss Hill now lives in Raleigh ‘and Miss Mordecai now Mrs 1 Charles IX Mackey - lives in Washington D C where her - husband is a railroad official Some pioneer nurses were: ' ‘ Mary Rose Batter ham a native of rnghwi who graduated from Brooklyn City Hospital in 18$i and went to Asheville where she did private and public health nursing until her death in 1928 She was the first registered nurse in North Carolina and in the United State' having been registered in Buncombe County on June 5 1903 and was a charter member of the North - Carolina State Nursed Association - Indian Brahma Cattle Roam North Carolina Wilderness Piney Cattle Land' Developed In State By BILL SHARPE Constance E Pfohl of Winston-Salem graduated from St Luke's Hospital in Bethlehem Pa Oct 18 1895 and was the first graduate nurse to locate permanently in Winston-Salem She did private duty for 20 years before retirement Columbia Munds of Wilmington graduated from the Margaret Farmatock School for Nurses at New York in 1902 She engaged in private duty nursing for sev- eral years but was with the Wilmington Public Health Nursing Association from the time of its organization in December 1918 until she retired two years ago Mrs Dorothy Hayden Conyers a graduate of the first class of St Leo’s Hospital at Greensboro in 1907 engaged in private duty nursing nine years She was in World War I service more than two years and was Red Cross county health nurse two years Unwillingness of women to give np their jobs and stay at home is a factor In marital discord 'WAAMA By Lawrence Gould Consulting Psychologist Are women to blame for the present marriage crisis? A good many men Including some eminent psychiatrists — believe sou Dr John M j Murray professor of clinical psychiatry at Boston University is quoted as saying that women’s unwillingness to give up war-time jobs and freedom is a major factor in creating matrimonial discord Now it is true the average woman either will not accept or resents having to assume the role in life her husband would like to impose upon her — a role usually based on childish memories of the part his mother played in his life and his father’s But not only has the home become a very different place from what it was a generation ago— it is also a lot easier to "escape” from Mother and grandmother put up with much that they did not like because they had no choice about it but that does not mean they might not have rebelled if they had dared to For the fact Is “performing one’s normal biological function” is important but is not enough to satisfy a human being's aspirations There may be men who are content to devote their lives to working to support a family but most of us also want a few good times and some recognition as important members of society Is it strange if women— now that they have the chance— want their Share of these also and cannot help realizing that as things are they must often go outside their homes to get them? ‘There is no simple answer to the marriage problem except that both men and women must take a maturer and more realistic attitude toward it and toward their relations with each other Only mutual forbearance and receptiveness to new ideas will make marriage a success in a world which is changing so fast that the wisest of us have all we can do to keep pace with it DRAWINGS SV PAUL MEHM Does menial illness start with self deception f 1 90 Yes writes Dr William V Silver berg New York psychiatrist noting the prevalence of what he calls “the schizoid maneuver” in adults as well as children Hie “maneuver” consists in distorting painful or humiliating facts so as to take the sting— or risk— -out of them The fear which makes Johnny Insist that it was another boy who threw the ball that broke the parlor window may drive him eventually to believe it just as your need to persuade yourself that you “didn’t mean to” get into the poker game at which you were a heavy loser may end by convincing yourself that ybu were practically dragged into it According to Dr Silverberg It is a child's of helplessness in a world which he has' no idea hour to cope with that drives him to picture M In his imagination in less frightening colors Knowing ho sure way to get what he wants he falls back on the belief that “wishing will make it so But the more successfully he twists the facts to suit him the more likely he will be to go on using the same method after he is old and wise and strong enough to get what he wants by his own efforts in the real world It is the person who goes through life Insisting upon seeing things and people — above all himself — as he wants them to be rather than as they are who is moot apt to develop some type of mental illness -especially schizophrenia in which the “sense of reality” Is lost completely Do ice waste time trying to “ unscramble eggs9? Most of us da though of course do not realize it And I am speaking of the common “defense mechanism” which psychiatrists Call “undoing” Yon do something which you fear was wrong qr foolish perhaps something that may be a source of lifelong regret— and try to regain your peace of mind by finding some way of persuading yourself that It didn’t really happen or that you have warded off the consequences Yet the fact of what you have done and the results of-that fact can no more be undone than a scrambled egg can be uncooked and put back in the shell If you have hurt someone's feelings you may get his friendship back by telling ‘him you are sorry but that neither will wipe out the wrong you did him nor make him entirely forget it la their recent book “You and Psychiatry” Dr im jute Wiliam C Menninger and Munro Leaf point out that “undoing” is the basis of such superstitious acts as “knocking on wood” when you have boasted of your good luck— a way of attempting to “take back” what you said- or pretend you did not say It They note also that many neurotic symptoms of the type known ass “compulsions” have the same unconscious pur-' pose For instance compulsive washing (and I have known people who washed their hands forty times a day) is likely to represent the effort to “undo” an action which the person felt td be impure or unclean Many of us spoil our lives by trying to “undo” the fact that we missed chances for success or pleasure which can never be recaptured If your youth Is past— you will only waste your energies by trying to turn the dock back Southport— 90000 acres of land in southeastern North f!riina which heretofore has never raised anything except pine bears deer and alligators is developing into a sort of piney cattle land And all because Brahma cattle can been made to drain some of fids acreage and seed or sod it to The Brahma cattle is not prepossessing When you look at him (through a strong fence) he looks like an overstuffed nanny-goat The jackass has nothing on the bulla — their ears are about 18 inches long and a foot wide : and hang down in a surprisingly abrupt fashion A by-product of the experiment not anticipated was an increase in the quail population of the woodlands Planting of tha fire- lanes to grass and other forage has provided the birds with both food and congenial shelter sweat Brahma (Zebu) cattle Imported from India and turned loose in the- wilderness owned by the Reigal Paper Company are thriving there The 'beautiful part of it is that they need little attention They eat wild grasses reeds and twigs though tha company now is planting its fire lanes v with lespedeza and other grasses as a supplement to this sparse diet Inasmuch as there are 500 miles of fire lanes maintained by the company cleared out as an aid to fire control the possibilities for a vast -if rather erratic and narrow grass range for tha Brahmas are large These hardy strange looking creatures have beat found ideal for such keep They are big hardy and fast on their feet and they stand the heat of the swamps well since they have the capacity to sweat which ordinary cows do not have They are particularly resistant to ticks and other insects both those worrisome to the innards and out’ards of cattle Forest-land owners in this area have been watching experiments with these animals with understandable interest It takes considerable time to produce an income from forest lands and it is believed their utilization as beef ranges will produce a quicker — and greater — income While cattle cannot be permitted to browse over newly-seeded forest plantations much of the acreage in this area is not well-suited to timber Plans have LIKE A JACKASS wfth inverted ears the Brahma bull isvnobody to fool with: This one running wild in the pinewoods of eastern North Carolina is both rough and fast the large bears in the vicinity give him and his fellows a wide berth The Brahma cattle are successfully keeping-themselves in the forest lands in an experiment designed to get morq revenue from timber Gaining Ground Every year lPm Since 1888 iDmnrr iBank DURHAM NORTH CAROLINA Four Conveniently Locoted Offices To Serve You: MAIN AT CORCORAN— DRIVER AT AXGIEK NINTH AT PERRY— ROXBORO ED’ AT MAYNARD Member Federal Reserve System Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation k OFFICERS JONES FULLER President ERNEST S BOOTH Executive Vice-President MARSHALL T SPEARS Vice-President M B FOWLER Vice-President L A RHINEHART Vice-President & Comptroller J W MUSE Cashier J F WILY JR Secretary & Assistant Cashier W J BROADWELL Assistant Cashier A Lb PHIPPS Assistant Cashier CARY C COLE ' Manager West Durham Branch H L PARRISH Manager East Durham Branch L R SHAW Manager North Durham Branch A R BENNETT Trust Officer OLIN Trust Trust Department C PEELER Officer Fannie w sykes Assistant Trust Officer DIRECTORS ERNEST S BOOTH Executive Vice-President JOHN CALVIN DAILEY President Dailey’s Inc R L FLOWERS President Duke University JONES FULLER President R G HURST Secretary-Treasurer Miller-Hurst Inc K P LEWIS Chairjnan of the Board The Erwin Cotton Mille Co C KNOX MASSEY Vice-President Harvey-Massengale Company WM MUIRHEAD President Muirhead Construction Company H C SATTERFIELD JR President Cary Lumber Company MARSHALL T SPEARS Attomey-at-Law JOHN 7 WILY JR Secretary A Assistant Cashier WIST DURHAM NORTH DURHAM KAST DURHAM k if S r f c I v i -

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