Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on October 2, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 2, 1946
Page 1
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I i' HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Tuesday, October 1, 1946 otential Authority of |he UN Secretary Has Possibilities J. M. ROBERTS, JR. fe,' ' AP Foreign Affairs Analyst •'• (Substituting for MacKenzie) 'Trygyc Lie's l i regarding his recent assertions investigative au- jisjy;thority as secretary general of the " , "United Nations have opened up a ' new field of interesting nojsibili- * ties. » > They may forecast a day ^when the Security Council will have EK "'before it not only the charges and Si 1 /-' counter-charges of disputing nations, but also a set of indeoendent facts gathered by regular" U. N. agents, upon which to base its decisions. 1 liie, in connection with the recent Security Council argument over /Greece, said he was reserving the V right to make his own investigation. The implications attracted little attention for the moment. There was more interest in the application of what seems to have become a fixed United States policy take Success. at There is a widespread fee'.'tig at 'tJN headquarters that many issues presented to the council have a pure propaganda objective; that , in this case Russia was less interested or hopeful about a cleci- ff ' 1 sion than m the council's qualities , as a sounding board. So the U. S. fell back on its regular tactic of agreeing to every proposed investigation, but with the proviso that it should be all-inclusive and not r merely directed at hand-picked -incidents. The limelight became too < bright and the Sav bloc backed off ^without a decision. ""But another .field was opened. Under the U. N. charter, the sec- r'etary general is authorized to call to the council's attention any mat<i ter which threatens peace. Since he -^ , must first determine that Shore is <• such a threat, the general inter- I- pretation of the clause is that in- t - vestigative poxver is inherent. This might mean that Lie could I send his assistants to Greece. Yugo,- 'slavia and Albania and, on -the •hat might happen if his i possibility of his becoming a canto send investigators clashed didatc in the 1948 campaign. basis of their findings, present .the whole thing to the council again. Of course much would depend upon how his agents were received at the other end . Nobody knows just what might happen power to send investigator with the sovereign powers of individual U. N. members to keep them out. Suppose Lie's men should find the trail leading them toward England and Russia as the sources of pressure which is causing he trouble and decide to visit them? It is easy to see that the principle is one thing and its application another. (Lie's own words "I have to be careful not to x x x make the situation worse' are, of course, his assurance that silk gloves are the mode of the moment, i But the underlying possibility of expert non-political investigations of international affairs, with the secretary general appearing before the council as a friend of the court and giving it cold facts rather than political charges on which co work, opens up some real vistas :Eor the time when true collaboration for peace may supplant the present jockeying for the propaganda spotlight. MacArthur Says He Has No Presidential Ambitions To.kyo, Sept. 30 — (<P)—• Gen Douglas MacArthur said today h? had no presidential ambitions bill intended to "see the Japanese occupation through." The Supreme Allied commander issued a statement in reply to news reports that Rep. A. L. Miller (R..-Neb.). had mentioned the Navy Bomber Trying to Break Record By DONALD J .GONZALES Washington, Sept. 30 — (UP) — A record-seeking navy patrol bomber, well over half way on a non-stop distance flight from Australia to the United States, will \.ry to push on to Bermuda if condf- tions are favorable. Navy officers estimated that the plane, dubbed the "Truculent Turtle", had completed nearlv 7,000 miles of its flight from Perh, Ans- ralia, at noon (EST) today. The last official report from the plane nlaced it some 600 miles east of Midway Island at 10 a. m. (EST). Although the navy declined comment on information xhat the 'olane might continue on to Bermuda — sion on the plane's flight plan will "As I have repeatedly stated," he declared, "I have no political ambitions, contacts, or plans, and 1 am not a candidate for the high office of president of the United States. "There are no grounds whatsoever for statements to the contrary. I reiterate what I have so frequently said before.— trial I intend to sec the Japanese -occupation through." be made at approximately 11 p.m. (ESTi when it is expected ttf make .andfall near Seattle. The plane has an extreme cruising range of over 13.000 miles under favorable conditions. If it does not encounter strong headwinds it could make the 11,600 miles to Washington. D. C. — its original destination and have ample gasoline to continue on 323 miles to Bermuda. It was believed that the plane would attempt to land at Kindley Field, army air base in Bermuda. Accompanied by a kangaroo, the plane's jour-man crew left Perth yesterday at 5:10 a. m. CEST). It should reach Washington about 10 a. m. tomorrow. If it can go on, Bermuda landing then would be possible at about 2 ? p. m. The present non-stop Slight record was set last November in a Guam-Washington flight in an army B-29 piloted by Col. O. S. Irvine. The National Aeronautic Association set his record officially at 7,916 miles, but the army says he actually flew 8,158. Irvine is now planning a 10,000 mile Honolulu-Cairo flight. Naval air officers estimated that when the Turtle reaches ' a point approximately 1,200 miles off the west coast it will have broken Irvine's record. They expected the record would be broken — if all goes well—at about '3 p. m. (EST). Original plans called for the two- engined patrol bomber — a P2V Neptune-type plane designed to carry atomic bombs — to land at near here. Wives of the four crew the Anacostia naval air station members had gathered here to greet the airmen. o Escaped Soldier Under Sentence Is Captured Tokyo, Oct. 1 —(/?)— Joseph E. Hicswa, whom President Truman saved from a death sentence, was back in army, hands today after escaping from an army hospital while awaiting transportation to a federal prison in the United Slates. The U. S. Eighth Army's provost marshal announced that Hicjwa was recaptured in Yokohama after 11 days of liberty. The Wallington, N. J.. private was sentenced to death for slaying two Japanese, but the sentence was commuted to 30 years imprisonment by President Truman. .— o The word dunce is derived from the name of a famous scholastic professor of biology at Oxford, Johannes Duns Scotus. When you ot troteum Jelly. You eet auaw and auantlty. too. In this household aid. Soothing dress- teg to minor bi 12,400 miles from Perth — adeci- Wanted! All Dimensions — 16 to 70 Feet Gash Every Week PATMOS/ARK. BLACKS Government Is Liquidating Homesteads Washington — The government's subsistance homesteads have grown up. Individual tenants and homestead associations have bought out 25 of the original 31 projects, and Ihc rest are being pushed out to fend for themselves as rapidly as sales can be arranged. The government spent $28,700,000 on the entire program, and ably won't get half that prob- much back. In addition, it loaned some money to individuals and to " projects for improvement. These loans are being repaid, or have oeen replaced by purchase loans. Some were paid back ahead of ;ime. , Provided 3,135 Homes However, the homesteads were not built to make motley. They were built to provide homes, "and .hey have clone so for 3,135 fami- As one Department of Agriculture official explained the idea recently, "We went out to help those people who help themselves. They were people who couldn't get credit at private banks in the depression days. "The money we spent kept them off relief rolls, and gave work to other people who worked building the projects. Now those communities arc sustaining themselves. Not one has folded up." Opposed as 'Communizlng' The homestead plan was widely attacked when the projects were first proposed. Opponents in Congress were particularly vehement, declaring the whole thing part of a plot to "cc.mmunizc" the farm areas of the country. Echoes of the battle were heard around the capiial last spring when Congress passed an agriculture bill including a provision lhat the government must dispose c.f the homesteads within three mors yeais. One house sponsor of that legislation referred to the homesteads as "the more objectionable" of the government's various rural prcjects. The homesteads were slarted during the depression years 'of Ihe early 1930"s as work relief projects Bobcats Prepare for Game With Jonesboro With the starting backfield walch- -ng from the sidelines the Bobcats tvere put through rough scrimmage wc.rk by Coaches -Oildy and Tollett vestcrday in preparation Tor Fi i- Government Seeks to SCAT to Discuss Future Plans With Committion The United States believes in the soverlegn etiualily of nations. We are opposed to making small tui- tions sntllitos of larger slates. — Secretary of State Byrnes. Fayettevillc, Oct. 1 —•(/>*)— Dl- i It's strange how -much longer rectors of South Central Air Trail- Permanent waves stay in the roads sorted to the sit-down technique today as the government sought an end to the Pittsburgh power strike and tried to avert another shipping tie-up ai inidnigiu. At Hollywood, movie studio pickets sat down in front of the gates of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer .studio . , , - . , , in an effort to block the'entrance, day nights encounter at Jonesboro i Sheriff's deputies arrested the sit- sport, Inc., which operates inter- Strikers in the movie industry re- ] state air routes under a temporary 'than in the hair The boys came out of the V.\ Do- vado game in pretty fair shnpo and are working hard to smooth OVM- mistakes which cropped up against the Wildcats. Jonesboro lost to Little Koek last A'eck by a lop-sided score and the Cats may catch them in a winning fiame of mind this week. All indications point to one of the strongest games on the local menu. But win, lose, or draw the entire squad will be guests next Monday night at Ihc Quarterback club, an organization of ardent. Bobcat fans who meet weekly and "pick the bones" of the proceeding weeks tcrs, but other plckes moved in to take the place of those arrested. Police escorted nine busloads of workers into the Warner Brothers' studio through lines of, jeering pickets. The Hollywood strikers were members of the AFL, conference of studio unions who arc involved in a jurisdictional dispute with another AFJj union. Government conciliators rcDprt- ed that the prospects of a new maritime .strike had reached a "ciitical stage." The new walkout would follow by less than a week final settlement of the earlier tie- up. worst in the nation's historv. . . , , , Meanwhile, the government sent Approximately ,0 members of | wo conciliators lo Pittsburgh to with eye-catching curves > -After all, you '/« drcs« to be more attractive! Try thel magnetism of these lu.-cious black rayon crepes (some' ywith glitter) .'. . sly led for misses, juniors, women. And *7 you,, loo. will lake a second look— at the little price L » the club dined at the high schoi'.l cafeteria last night and a round table discussion decided to really gel acquainted with the boys at a special dinner next Monday night. Also on the program svill be highlights of the Jonesboro game and probably a film of some big college contest. o Prescott Grid Team Meets Nashville in recent years and with existing rivalry a rugged game is assured fans. Yerger to Ploy Texarkana in Bobcat Stadium The Yerger Tigers will kick ofi the first home game Thursday night against Texarkana, a t the Hope High School Stadium at 8:00 p.m. The west ticket booth and west side of the- Stadium will h" reserved-for the white visitors. The north ticket booth and the east side ol the stadium will be occupied by The Tigers defeated Camclcn Bears, 7 -0 victc.vy at Camden last Friday night on a muddy field. This year the Tigers are bcin& coached by O. G. Bailey, graduate of A. M.& N. College. Coach Bailey award half back nf th- Prescolt's Curlcy Wolves Nashville al Prescott Friday night at 8 o'clock in a tradition game which usually furnishes action aplenty for both learns. As Hope plays oul c.C town weekend many local fans are peeled to journey to Prescott get a view of the Scrappers as the Bobcats play the Howard County ,- e . . -.••-..-.--- eleven October 11. and were for low-income families. Botn squ ads are reported slrong- Thcy range in size Irom one-half lo • ! five acres. From lhat humble, hopeful beginning, many of the prcjects hr.ve become hustling communities with industries managed cooperatively by the residents. A Bureau Drawer Existance In the meantime, the projects have been passed around from one" government agency to another like so may doorstep babies. The Federal Public Housing Authority (FP- HA) has them now and is disposing of them under a presidential order which was suspended during the war. FPHA has sold 17 to homestead associations, leased seven lo tcn- anls with options to purchase, turned one over lo a Texas town and slill operates six. The history of the homesteads goes back to the National Indus!- _ rial Recovery Act of 1933. This act | Ihe Yerger backers, created the Subsistance Homestead division in Ihe Department of Interior. In 1935 the projects were transferred to the Resetllcmtnt Administration, which in 1936 was placed under the Department of Agriculture and -a year later was gobbled up by the Department's Farm Security Administration. The homesteads were turned over to FPHA in 1942 fcr disposal. Three Rivers Project The oldest project is Three Rivers Gardens at Three Rivers, Tex. It opened in January, 1935, contained 50 homes spread over 160 acres and cost $103,000. Three Rivers Gardens also was the first to be taken over by the town at which it was established. The town has the homes, and the Federal Land Bank is custodian of the title of the project. The youngsters of the family arc the homesteads at Ironwood, Mich. and Tygart Valley near Elkins, W.. Va. both of which opened in June, 1938. Ironwood is a $1,373,000 project of 130 homes en 1.53!) acres. Tygart Valley has !07 homes on 2. 885 acres. It cost $2,080,001). The largest is the Cumberland homestead at Crossvillo, Tenn., which cost $3,267.000. II. embraces 22,740 acres and has 250 homes. Location Determined Type The homesteads are of Iwo general types: "Industrial" and "stranded." The first wore located near large industrial centers so the occupants could add to their incomes by giowing most of their own food. The "stranded" homesteads were built in workod-out minin I and lumber areas with the cxn«' tation that new industries, -.voukl move in or could be developed. That is Ihe way il has worked out U-.o. Among other enterprises homesteaders have established a furniture factory, a quarry, an inn, dairies, a pants factory, a woodworking plant, a hosiery mill and several poultry businesses. Industries Financed, Too The Farm Security Administration, during its regime as father of I the homestead family, made loans to help finance cooperative associations finance these ventures. It also Ic.aned money to build stores and other community services. The FPHA gives preference in its disposal lo present residents of the projects. Second preference goes lo war veterans. Advance payments may not run more lhan 40 public service commission permit that expires at midnight Monday, scheduled a mooting lie re late today to discuss future plans. Raymond Ellis, prc.-sidont of the company, said that SCAT had no intention of ceasing business but that he could not comment further before the directors' meeting. The temporary permit required that the company file permanent operating schedules effective after today. Current flights cover routes between Fayettevillc and Little Rock via Fort Smith and between Little Rock and El Dorado via Hot Springs, Arkadclphia, Hope and Texarkana. New Treatment e Gets Real Results pon'l lot your child suffer Ihc torment of I'ln-Wm-ma I Todny, tlmnka to n apeelnl. medically iveognlu-d drutr, n liirthly effective treatment Ima been made possible. So wntch for tho wnrnlnff fltgnii. especially the pmbnrrasslmt rcctnl Itch. Get .lAYNE'S P-W right nway nnd follow the directions. ThoBc emnl), ciuiy-to-tnke tablets were developed after yearn of patient ro- ne-arch io the laboratories of Dr. D, Jayne « Son to act in a special way to .""emovo 1'in-Worms. It'a cuay to tr member: P-W for Pin-Worms I SERVICE SMILES help mediate the walkout of 3.500 power workers now in its seventh day of apparently hopeless stalemate. The slrike has forced many industrial and commercial establishments to close and has resulted in paralysis of Pittsburgh's public transportation . Other labor developments: 1. At Columbus O., operators of streetcars, trolley coaches and motor busses voted unanimously io .strike at midnight, tying up all public conveyances. 2. A slrike in the motion picture industry at Hollywood continued despite court orders prohibiting mass picketing of two studios. 3. Government c o nciliators hoped lo avert, a west coast clock worker;;' walkout at midnight, but CIO officials at Los Angeles issued a slop work order in advance of the deadline. In the maritime dispute, F.dgar L. Warren, chief of the U. S. Conciliation Service, said he needed all tho time remaining before ;hc midnight deadline io avert a strike. He added, however, that thy unions had promised not to "jump the gun" and strike prematurely as they did in the last shipping walkout. Continuous negotiations were being held between east and west coast ship operators and Uie CTO marine engineers and beneficial association and ihe AFL masters, mates and pilots union. In the Pittsburgh power strike, normally Jovial ivlayor David L. Lawrence went on {ho radio last night lo denounce leadership of the independent union as "ill advised" and "dishonest " He criticized the union's refusal to arbitrate, and warned the 1,500,000 consumers *nf- :'ecled to conserve both power and Southwestern Conference. He had 'our years experience "as a ins,, string man at A. M. ^ N. <~v,iir>><« Hie coached two years at Camden aefore entering Ine Army. The Tige>s have returned to 'she gridiron this yuar with a number of veteran players: E. Stuart, H. Jones. T. Malone, F. Noble, L. W. Stuart, M. Watkins, E. Taylor, T. Davis, B. Dixon, V. Lloyd, E. ilan- ey, C. Peggec, T. Ward. T. Washington, E. Jones and J. D. Austin. These are joined by a largo number of first year promising players. H. A. Harris, Supervisor, requests that everyone who can, sec the Tigers in their now togs. Thip should be one of the best games of the season. At Columbus, more lhan 500 members of the CIO transport workers union threatened to strike at midnight after negotiations had collapsed over union demands 'or a 30 per cent wage increase and a closed shop. On the west coast. Special Fed- oral Mediator Nntlvin P. Feinsing- cr .said he was hopeful of averting a strike by the CIO longshoremen and warehousemen. He said negotiations were progressing satis factorily and he hop^d to effect final settlement of all issues before midnight. VOim FORD DEALER. FOR REAL SERVICE TRY YOUR FORD DEALER, Always Bring /our FORD'Home'To Your Ford Dealer For Service Your Ford Dealer for over 28 Years 220 East 2nd Street Phones 277,278 King Demands Group Retract C 'JL* riti ycais. Interest is three percent. Disposal of Projects By WILLIAM T. PEACOCK Washington, Sept. 30 —l/l'i— Admiral Krnest J. King demanded today that the Senate War Investigating Committee retract its criticism of him in connection with the joint chiefs of staff's 1943 recommendation for completion of the canal project. King wa.s the wartime chief of naval operations. Hc read to Iho committee.' a statement in which he declared lhat in "justice and fair play" the committee should "nnh licly correct the injustice which you have publicly done me." In ils fifth annual report, filed Sept. 1, the committee said that King as a member of iho 'joint chiefs of staff (Army and Navy) had recommended completing vhc $1234,000,000 oil-highway project in Canada despite a stand by ihcn Secretary of the Navy Knox that it should be dropped. King told the committee that he considered the report also "to :-.-n- pule to me individual responsibility 1 " for Ilia chiefs of staff's decision. He called this both "technically incorrect and morally unjust." As for the stand of Knox in lf)43 or the question of completing the ef- These project.-; have been sold to homestead associations: Austin, Minn., 1-i humus; Bank- he;iri. Jasper, Ala., 100 homes; :Beauxart Oarrlens. ISO: Dalwoahii, you i lingkm. Tex., 80: DoiKilur, III. ' Duluth, Minn., til; Klmr nte CalH 100; LiiiiKviov.-. Wash.. (JO: Ml. Olive. Ala., 7.1; Palmijn.i:ilc.Aki.. ]0\> Pheonix, Ariz., (j<"J: Kodhuti-je Chur- oslon. \V. Va . ISO; Sun l''e'-i-;i"rlo. ' forts to develop an oil Vicld northwestern Canada. King declared: "Your statement, which implies lhal i took action as a member Ihe juinl chii-i's of suiffs at v: unco wilh the official position •.!' Beaumont. Tex'. ", lu ^'"'.^^ (jf ""-' .""M'- J-> »!'< r.-n-il.'iiu AI- sup .iinteri by any evidence uvail- UoiiU.is, Ai- , bk , l() |m , .._ Jlol . , o V(j;i ,, 'ami Wichita bui Tex. Reseda, Culil'., 10. G;M dens, Wichita The re-si of the ol somi; no Ir.iU'rr o'.vnt::! by eminent, .sumr in iho pn dis|'or;ii and some are :-.l.ill run bv FPHA are: Aberdeen Gardens. Newport flow Va., 15'J home.;; Arlhuraulu, W. Va., 160: Cahaba, Trussvilo. Ala., 287: Cumberland, Ci'v.ssvilo. Tenn.. Glenrlole. Any... 2-1; Halt.ic;,- . Miss., y.-l: Ironv.-oorl. Mk'h.. Hiyhtiiwii. N. J.. I'.illj; Lake home-stead!;''Cnunl.v, VVaukcaaii, III., 53: Maa- Ihe gi.v 1 - n«.li;i. Me i ii.Uiu.Wash. . V.l\. McOnnib •e.-,.i i>l!iu;:,s., :'.\>: Thro. Rivr:; Gardens. Three Rivers, Tex., 50: Tygarl V;-lli--.-. Kll-.ins, W. Va. 197, and Westmoreland, CJreeri.slnir.! 1 ,, P:i.. A. L.oosc-Kwiii<rin<; classics, filled styles with nailliead-sUiJdccl lielts. Wools, wool blends, Knit-back' fleeces. 10-20, 9-17, 3844. | ,. , . _.,..' -i B. Soft dressmaker styles wilh lie-front waistlines, simple cardigan necklines. Wools, knit-bark fleeecs. 10-20, 9-17, 3844. ,; C. Pure wools in long' fated, short fitted, loose-swinging slylea, ! Braid accents. Womeu's, misses', and junior sizes... •' " '*• 7*5' ,f <j f^*P r T|^^^ * f / * y f Six Days of the Biggest Event in Arkansas: Third District Livestock Show at Hope Sep. 30-0ct.5 Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Uneasy Future for War-Making Statesmen The old adage phrased the problems of a chief of slate as: Uneasy jj$s the head that wears a crown. The adage reckoned with a king, and was referring lo mere worries over the common problems of running a government. Bui the Nuernberg war crimes court decision yesterday cnunci alcd a new. direcl and ominous policy governing the conduct of all chiefs of state. High German leaders were sentenced lo death for Drofcssional war-making and for ''lass murder of civilians. Interpreting the decision U. S. Prosecutor Robert H. JackEo.n, who also is of the meant: "Aggressive war is a crime for which statesmen may tie individually punished." Nations have the inalienable right to defend themselves. But ntil now the world never has sriously considered the personal responsibility of leaders who authorize their country to -attack another. The Nuernberg court look up that question, and yesterday wrote its verdict—death. Warmakcrs usually attempt to cloak their personal safety in the multitude of a nation's people. But WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair, slightly warmer this afternoon, tonight and .Thursday. 47TH YEAR; VOL. 47—NO. 300 Star of HODO. 1899: Pross. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1946 (AP)—Means Associated Kress (NEA)—Means Ncwsoaoer Enterorlse Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Hundreds Attend Opening Day of Livestock Show; Hereford, Poultry Champions Named Hundreds of persons . attended opening night of the Third District's Livestock Show at Fair park following u parade through downtown Hope at •! p.m. yesterday. The huge crowd was prqlty evenly distributed between the carnival midway, the livestock barn reported and the rodeo officials a near capacity crowd. Meanwhile judges pions in the poultry, aberdcen Angus, Shorthorn Polled Hereford division, i Last night's g.-cascd pig scram- a member of the Supreme Court ! blc furnished fans plenty of laughs. " Taking part were Don Boyce, Texarkana, Reserve Champion. In the Polled Hereford Show Gerand Hereford Ranch of Benton Army Plans to Double Airborne exhibited Champion and Reserve i Champion bulls and cows. M. S. i Bates of Hope, L. R. Barrinher of'- Whclen Springs and Lee Stanley jican Washington, Oct. t —(/Pi—Amor- airborne divisions 17,000 men Unit.-.cl 'talus, said Freddie Boyce, Bill Gilbert, Charles Wilson, Arthur Jones and James Smith. Tonight youths from Nevada county will scramble for a calf at the arena and on Friday night Hempstead 4-H club will pit 8 boys against 8 FFA members in a second calf scramble. Friday promises to be one of the biggest days of the exposition and has been named Hempstead County School Day. All schools in the county will close at noon and buses will bring students to the show. Students will bo admitted free of charge. Other activities on today's program is the judging of Jersey and of Silver showed, some quality in-1 strong and wilh .tire and .striking dividunls. power equal lo ground troops arc In the Angus Show Bradmar being blueprinted by the army. Eilecnmere Y owned by Mr. and ', Officials familiar wilh ine tcnta- h^'fWrY i Mrs - "• c ' Yclton of Hot Springs live planning said today that in ,',; .,,,'j vas designated Grand Champion I addition to doubling the 8500-man incl Thickset of B. M. 2nd. owned'wartime strength of the divisions jy B. Morris of Murfrccsboro was! they are to include a battalion of Reserve Champion. B. Morris'I tanks as well as artillery. Queen Beauty nth. was designated The artillery equipment will be Grand Champion female wilh Ei-J similar lo lhal used by infantry di- cenmcr Enchantress Y owned by Mr. and Mrs. il. C. Yclton of Hot Springs Reserve Champic.n. Poultry Winners In the open competition poultry Mrs. L. D. Springer's Single Comb White Leghorns was the best old now that a precedent has been set [ Guernseys. 4-H Club and FFA best for personally singling out warmak ing statesmen and sentencing them tc death or prison a new and power- j|).il force has been introduced to the field ot world diplomacy. May it work for peace. By JAMES THRASHER Our National Defense (IV) American shipbuilding fell to a dangerous low between Ihc first and second wars. In 1S)3-1, for example, Ihe entire industry's non-naval output was twc small merchant ships. Even so, there was a period §if activity after the Armistice that permitted shipbuilders and government maritime officials to make some future plans for slaffs. facilities and equipment. Merchant tonnage constructed in 1919, 11)20 and 1921 was three, two and one million gross Ions, respect. fully. The carryover iio 1922 was 164,000 tons which is more lhan the construction prospect for 1947. The outlook today, after-ihe recently announced slowdown, is about as follows: There arc now 12 naval -vessels under construction in pri- . f/ate .ya.rds,, wMgb. wil,L,be; ajjput-' 7$ per cent completed by Jan'. 1. he 49 merchant vessels now being built _ should be-05 percent completed by 1 ! the same date. j This leaves an approximate gross tonnage of 144,000 Iqr construction i in 1947, or slightly more than 1 per ecnl of lhal constructed in 1944. All those vessels are scheduled for completion next year, except for one experimental destroyer. Since it is estimated that all reconver- sion work now in sighl will be finished by the same time, the build- (jtfing program for the entire shipbuilding industry 15 months hence — aside from work in the Navy Yards —seems lo consist of the destroyer mentioned above, plus' some repair work. Navy Yards now have five war ships in the process of building, plus a battleship and cruiser whose construction has been stopped for design changes. The slowed- down schedule now calls for Iho last of these five to be finished in December, 1947. Thus the Navy Yards are .assured of a longer period of work, 3-though there will be added cost because cf the slow down. Htiwcver, the'role of the country's chief shipbuilder has nol traditionally been assigned lo Ihc Navy, nor does the idea seem any more sound today than it has in the past. Nc one expected, of course, that our mushroomed shipbuilding activities would be continued into peacetime. Yet il is doubtful that many believed these activities would be cut almost 99 per cent in less than two and a half years, as it ap- • pears they will be. '" It may be argued thai the atomic age will nol require a big Navy and, except for passenger vessels, more merchant ships than we know what to do with— which is li: jrally true in Ihe case of Iho Liberties, which we don't know what to do with. Yet it cannot be said conclusively that, in the calamitous event of another war, we shall nol need a shipbuilding industry. Troops might be transported and supplied at. great distance and in great quan-j .fclily, and with adequate protection J ,. , ., against new weapons. Nor can it lash ' bo surely said thai today's ships are the ultimate achievement in navigation. Unlil those things can be said, il would seem prudent lhat this country at least have a clear and definite policy toward an industry which has always been run prettj much by the government, for good and necessary reasons even though present construction is dras tically curtailed. cattle, and dairy cattle, calf scramble, rodeo and free fireworks. On Thursday all Hope stores will clr.se at noon for the 2 p.m. horse show. Also on the Thursday's program is a band concert at 4 p.m., Parade of Champions at 7:3U p.m., | Dodco at 8 p.m. and free fireworks at 9:30 p.m. Attention was called today to the Boy Scout's display where a number of rustic camp gadgets are being exhibited. Different Hope troops will have charge of the exhibit each day. Champions Selected In the Hereford Show judgcc by Henry and P. M. Arledge H Bcauzcnt 2nd. owned by Arthui Helms of Texarkana was designated Grand Champion Bull and G. C. Domino 12th owned by Glen Wallace of Nashville Reserve Champion. Miss Silver owned by Arthur Helms of Texarkana was named Grand Champion female visions but modofied to moat the requirements of air transport. The proposal is in line with othei recently reported studies aimed a expanding the size and giving more punch to infantry and armorcc units. Along these lines the army trio in the show with Garland i j s sa jd t o be planning to up infan Kidd's of Spring Hill New Hamp-' -- - • .-...., shire Reds the best young trio. Mr. Kidd also showed the best pullets of the show with V. L. Holley of Hope showing the host Single Comb White Leghorn. Rus- scl Lcwallcn of Shover Springs showed the best cockerel of the Nazis Found Guilty, Receive Sentences show from his Single Comb Whita Leghorns. In the Junic.r Division 10 of five March or April try divisions irom 14,000 to 17.000 men and armored divisions from their World War II size of 11,000 men and 260 tanks to 15,000 men and 400 tanks. Attached to the new airborne division would be specialist units such as parachute maintenance outfits, thereby bringing the r.ctual size beyond 17,000 men. The division would not however, maintain its own serv- cntrics pril pullets attempt to m; made an excellent showing. Ken- j cc 0 ( . 3U npiy neth Gilliam, son of Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Gilliam of South Hope, w.fs awarded the best exhibit of the show with compliments from tho. Judge on the condition of his Single Combed White Leghorn pullets. Second place of the Junior Division went to Kenneth Kidd of Spring Hill with five quality New Hampshire Reds. John Marshall Hurd I pddilion to transporting troops — of Melrosc won first with Barred must become the freight haulers, Rocks and Herman Aaron of Sho- ,..„,, nmpn , na 'ndlers and -^-sup- this connection, Maj. Gen. Anthony J. McAulitfe. of Bastogne fame and one of the pioneers in airborne operations, hopes 'that the air forces will place increasing emphasis on the problems of troop carrying and supply. McAuliffe says that if armies I are to move by . air. the AAF—in ^ vcr Springs won first with his White Wyandottcs. Other good entries were made by George Scarborough. R 8, Texarkana; Dclbert Aaron, R 2, Hope and Cyrus Underwood of Horatio. The poultry exhibit was under the supervision of Norma Moore with W. S. Pollard, University of Arkansas Poultry Specialist, judging. Mr. Pollard said the 10 entries are to be complimented for their high quality, selection and and Lady Third of The Meadow, preparation of birds. Critically III, Reported Resting Well By LEE NICHOLS Washington, Oct. 2 — 'UP) — Cordell Hull, who is critically ill from a stroke sulfcrccl Monday night, rested fairly well during Ihc better part of the night, a 9 a. m. bulletin said. "His condition is essentially un changed," the bulleln said. The weary but courageous voice of Hull, father of the United Nations, appealed dramatically for peace and Big Five unity as hc ay gravely ill on his 75th birthday. Men the world over watched in- tc lly as the man who served as secretary of stale through 12 of the most troubled years in American history, fought for his life al the nearby Belhcsda, Md., naval hospital. His condition had taken a turn for the worse laic yesterday. Shortly before suffering Ihc stroke, the white-haired former secretary of state penned what may be his final plea.—and warning — lo Ihe statesmen of the world. His friends had urged him to draft Ihc statement in connection with his 75th birthday anniversary today. Moling that "dangerous" strains Sentences Too Russian Paper Moscow, Oct. 2 •— W) — Iz.vestia said today the Nuernberg judges showed "surprising softness to :"our er criminal?"" in letting Rudolf niipment pliers. The general, presently detached from airborne activities to serve on a special research and planning board, emphasizes the need for 'Constant development of improved cargo and troop carrying aircraft. As an example of present trends, he mentions the C-82, the "Flying Boxcar," capable of carrying either a big 15 millimeter cannon, a two-and-a-half ton truck or 50 sol- I cliers. In addition to improvements in present methods of landing men at conventional airfields behind the lines, McAuliffe sees the need for better methods of putting airborne troops vinlo quick action on the battlefields, themselves. • .- • . World War 'II saw the use of parachute and glider-borne troops in mass. But casualties were high and the troops did not always hit : the ground in the compact force j needed for such operations. I "What we really need — and I suppose will gat eventually — is master Hess off with a life sentence and fomc device whereby the pilot can i pull lever and Ihc body of the i plane, with troops in 'il, will drop I by chute on Ihc exact spot aimed 'at," says McAuliffe. cnll forth perplexity and regret in . the widest circles," the newspapers I editorial on the war crimes ver- Von Papen and Han:; Fritsche. "Such indelgcnee of tho court! I diets added. "All those who think iustice must be sirm and consistent can ?iot agree with lhat part of Ihe .sentence j of the International Military Tri bunal." Tho judges' refusal to declare the Gorman high command a criminal organization was described by Ixveslia as "wilhuul any doubt a serious mistake" and difficult lo understand. "Those crimes for which the tribunal thought it necessary to send to Ihc- gallows Gooring, Ribbcntrop, Rosenberg and other managers of Uillerism wore thought oul and fulfilled in Ihe bosom of the Hitlerite government and the German war command," the editorial said. "The Hitlerite govcrnmcii'. and Iho German war command in reality were in no way distinguished from ihe leadership of the fascist parly, from the Gestapo nor from the SS and SD, which were admitted as criminal organizations in the sentence. '\Thc situation in that the judges , did not include in this sentence the are lugging at the lies lhal once i Hillor government and the German bound the big powers together in a (war command was without any doubt a serious mistake." Izvestia said, however, that de- spito its shortcomings the sentence would "piny its role in the cause of the moral and political defeat of Fascism and in cleansing the earth '.if ils poisonous roots." II added: "The defense stubbornly tried to hike the accused behind a stockade protectors of Fascism—from jn- .-nale;; of the Vatican lo the hired pens of the hearst newspaper con- oern—mobilized all their iorces in | .let'ense of the accused. But justice I leld the upper hand over lawloss- i ncis and a jiiot cause was victu- I rious." Spa Machine Issues 16,570 Poll Taxes victorious alliance, Hull's statement said a "special responsibility' still rests on Britain, China, Franco, Russia and the Unilccl Stales to lead the world to international accord. "No mailer how labirous Ihc his message said, "if Ihe large nations can agree and ucl lo- gethcr to that end, then there is hope thai our military victories of a year ago will be turned inlo enduring peace." Ho Springs, Oct. 2 —(/?)— Garland county, where the long-domi mint political organization of Hot Springs Mayor Leo P. McLaughlin is being challenged by a G. I. bloc, has issued 16,570 poll tax receipts good for voting in elections before Oct. 1, 1947. The record issuance compares with slightly more lhan 12,000 rc- ceiots last year, the previous high The Garland county clerk obtained approximately 200 additional forms from Saline county just before the deadline for paying poll uixcs last night. ia:alB KALTENBRUNNIR Pictured are five Nazis who were found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity by the International Mili l ary Tribunal at Nuernberg, Germany. The five pictured and those whose names are in inset, lower right, all received death sentences. Seven of the twenty-two Nazis tried were given life terms, while three, Franz von Papen; Hjalmar Schacht; Hans Fritsche were acquitted. (NEA Telephoto) Goering Says Atom Bomb to —The Even- London, Oct. 2 ing Standard said today Hermann : Goering believes "possession of the atom bomb decides ths :Cuturc of the world" and "if ihe United States docs not. hold its lead in this field, it will mean the extinction of the world." The No. 2 Nazi and head of the former luftwaffc who was one of 12 German leaders sentenced lo dcalh for war cr..ncs, also believes Prime Minister Stalin was the most, outstanding of Allied war leaders, including Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt, it said. Goering's views, the Standard reported, were expressed in a question and answer interview given "in the condemned cell where hc sits waiting for death." The Standard did noi specify when ;hu interview was obtained. The newspaper account continued: Asked where hc thought lie stood in the opinion of the Gorman people today and where he Continued on Page Two By THOMAS A. REEDY Nuernberg, Germany, Oct. 2 — (/P) — Lawyers for the 11 condemned German war criminals disclosed today they planned to appeal to the change " Trieste-Slavs Shipping Again Tied Up, Strikes Spread in U.S. By United Press Buses carrying non-strking workers were stoned at a picketed Hollywood studio today, and a new segment of Pittsburgh business was hit by a powe strike now in its ninth ay. Government offiials, howevet-, were looking for an early end to the maritime shipping tie-up, largest among the current wave of labor disputes. Strikes and shutdowns affected , distribution of newspapers and motion pictures and curtailed public transportation in five major cities. A squad of 150 helmeted .sheriff's deputies, bearing guns,, nightsticks -and gas.masks, gathered at Metro-, Goldwyn-Mayer--studio -at ^dawn-to prevent a recurrence of battling which has marked the seven-day- 9ld film strike. Eleven buses carrying workers into the studio were stoned, but no one was hurt and the , deputies let the action pass. Members of the striking CIO ;" wholesale and warehouses workers union began picketing 12 New York textile converters. Their strike, if extended, could - eventually shut down the city's - vast garment industry. A spokesman -for the CIO union said the strike so far was limited to 12 firms but warned that it might spread because of the "temper" of the strikers. Federal conciliators kept union and company representatives in almost -continous session in an attempt to end the Pittsburgh strike, but there was no indication of progress. The Duquesne Light Co. •announced it was closing its affiliate, the Allegheny County Steam Heatin gCo., which furnishes power for 300 establishments in the city.'s golden triangle business district, as a result of .the strike. At Columbus,- the Ohio capital city faced the threat of a mass CIO walkout in sympathy with striking transit workers. The CIO council was scheduled to consider the matter of 'a sympathy strike at a meeting, tonight. The nation's ,new strike wave tied up shipping: at all major ports today, cut production in Pittsburgh's heavy industries and af- ' fected public transportation , in five cities. .- . Strikes also affected motion pic- *". • .-1. Prospects for settling the ha-X tionwide shipping strike brightened' 1 , as the government, carne through .with a peace,;formula designed to' overcome - a. stumbling - block in west coast-negotiations.- 2. Special sheriff's deputies w#re Allied Control Council \v cnange . st - ( , Tri r. tc in or( j er to ."slab- the death sentences from hanging ^1 n R.-Mich A SorLn, miiH/rv By JOSEPH DYHAN Paris, Ocl. 2 —</P>— Yugoslavia . . . . ..„„ accused the United States and sent to Hollywooci film studios with Greal Britain before the peace I the power to make wholesale ar- cqnfercncc today of betraying the rests in the event of more bloo'd- Big Four agreement on the Free to shooting if all clemency tailed other pleas i'or , ish & Brilisn . American military base on the Adriatic. In an angry torrent of rapid- The last court of resort for Her-1 fire French before the Italian politi- mann Uocring, Joacliim Von Rib-; ca i aru j territorial commission, bontrop and the others from tho, Yugoslav Delegate Pijade declared ignominy of the hangman's rope h c "Anglo-Saxon powers" had re- German Gum-Chewing School Boys Want to Come to U. S. and 'Get Rich Quick' I New State Record Likely Little Hock. Oct. 2 •-• u/l'i— The legal period .for purchasing pull tax receipts for \vting in Iho next .12 months expired last, midnight and indications Imlay were that more Arkansans hold ihem ;han ever before in history. The record issuance •>( '114.000 poll tax receipt Hunks lu;,l your was tupped by 21.900 this vour. Auditor J. Oscar Huir.phi'i-.v report- !,.ocl. Ho pointed out that il was unlikely tlu- entire Hifi.IIUO receipt;; had bo'..'n issued by dainty collectors but thai Iho l'l4, ( J!l!) originally issued Iho i-uunln.-s probably had boon .sold In individuals. Air express ,»i,fl .,laU: pulii-e IKI- trois were used in delivering forms | yo.slorday to J'ill last-minute re- ijuesU-. I paper proUucta. Shortage of Paper Expected to Last for Many Months Washington, Oct. 2 — i.-T,— The shortage of paper products .-uch as | ioilcl tissues is expected to !ast j for ".some months" Director I'red C. Holder of OPA's industrial price division said today. Holder lold a Hoiife interstate romim-rec subcommittee lhal pa PL-: products are being turned out at record-breaking levels, bat demand U higher than c>vcr bcl'in-e. Commenting on (he newsprint ni- -.ualiiui. Holder sakl that "-lecon- (rol by segments of LIU industry might have, dangerous and unstubi- lii;-;ng t'lTecls on llii- overall ecu- iuimy." llnkli-r was the first wiln-'ss a.i !hc tuliciiiiiiniilcc sol out to lind cause ol current shortages of Psychiatrists Say Goering is Phoney Throughout Nuornbcrg. Oct. '! i,v- TK,, Nuernberg prison psychiatrist .•Hill p: >-i'iHili"!ISl M t • • -i ' v that while the doomed Hermann Cuievin;: Jilio.j iu ihiih-. -,i|' himself as a ^albmt (levil-m f "-- oaro typo of man ho actually is a "pliuny ihrniign au..i 1.1. William Diinii of Now York, iho psychialri.il. said it wa.s the Ihinnin.u I'urir.er riMeh.'.mars-luir.s ploasure lo regard himself a:, a ;;all:ml air force officer, romantic and a i protector of \\ union. 1 Knl Dr. Gu-ilave Gilbert, the psychologi--'!. sai.l "(Joel iny is a phony through anil through and all Ihe nlher defendants know il." By EDWIN SHANKE I (For Hal Boyle) Berlin —i/l')—• Gum-chewing German schoolboys, their hearts won by GI's who taught ihcm to play ! baseball, want to KO to Ihe Uii'ilcd (States "Io g'el rich ciuicls." They dream of an America with plenty of .food, no ruins. Indians, skyscrapers, wild animals and gad- gels. Gatheied around the b-'-Hcred desks of a small schoolroom in subuiban Zehlcndorf, some 50 school children and 1 talked about the United Stales — that is, they did most of 'Ihe talking. "Do you think 1 could emigrate to llu- United States?" asked Hans, his chocks plump with the kind of 1'at you gel on potatoes and black brciicl. "My papa says there still are plenty of billionaires and millionaire's in America und that after the peace mnybe I can go and make lots of money. Bui if there is .so much money in America, why are there t'o many strikes-'.'" Most of his classmates, who also thought it would be "wundnrbar' Iu !\i> tu Hie Slates, didn't have .such ambitiuus reason:-. "I'd like in «o fur the oals." shouted a lud on a far cornur. "Ti. gei away Irom the ruins." said another. None of Ihcm \\iint?d uj leave Germany forever. After their Umimies \\ere ! 'ull and Germany re'Hiill. ihcy thought it would be nicer her'- 1 . Lille lleinrich, who has the mccluiical turn of mind which makes the German a yenuis at manufacinring implements ol war. wii'ils to '20 io Ihe slates in learn about gadgets so lhal he can play a rule in I'ccunsjuctin^ Berlin. To him the difference between New York and Berlin is "mat in New York there are wolkcnkralx- crs (cloudscraporsi bill in Berlin there are only heaps of stone. "How do you get to the lop of those buildings? And when you gel there what do you dp it a fire bleaks out? And is it true what my Uncle Willies says thai you have a special kind of a rubber strap which stretches endlessly and lets you down easy if you have to jump? "How do those push buton businesses work whore bods roll out of walls, solas lurn over und become beds, bread pops out of toasters and radios being to play when your arc in another room?" he demanded. | "Can train engines really run for 24 hours withoul stopping by sucking up water and uiel i'rom pits along the way as they move?" Judging from the way tho German boy talks and questions, it would seem that nol tho Nazis but .stories about Indians by Karl May. a German author who never saw one, have exercised the .greatest single influence on their uiu'ds "How many Indians arc , there and what do you Americans do v.hen Ihey :ji> un the warpath?" asked Litlle Julius. One youngster wandered "do Americans speak German und <l» Ihey listen to German musie?" "Not tho military Kind, corlaiu- ly," interposed ihe teacher. Then as Ihe boys sang a German inlU song, lie turned Io me and sighed: "liie Na'/.is ruined iheir voice:-. \V'e us-.'d to have siuii wnndorlul '.-li'iirs. Knw Ihey can only sing inarching songs al the tups of their voices," was formed of Ihe four allied gen crals silling in Berlin as occupation authorities for Ihe four zones of Germany. A twelfth German, Martin Bormann, was sentenced in Ab- senlia to be hanged. As attorneys drew their petitions, the four power commission representing the Allied council held an all day session on arrangements and details lor the executions Oct. 10 in Nuernberg, once the festival city of Ihc Nazi parly. Tlvjy talked also of transporting seven of the war criminals Io Berlin to start Ihrir prison terms. ' A redoubled :forcc of American soldier guards surrounded the ancient courthouse and jail where Ihe convicted men were held, and they had orders to shoot to kill on provocation. AH three men acquitted in the hisfory-niiiking international trial, which established planning aggros sive war as a supremo crime, remained in jail overnight. They had no other place to go immediately. Hjalmar Schacht, the truculent for rncr finance minister, planned YD remain in jail at least an other night, saying he had no money, ration card nor home. Franz Von Papen asked for a visa Io Ihe Fiench v.onc. in which ipunccd Ihe "most important" dc cisions of the foreign ministers' council pertaining to Trieste. "Democratic principles, in the British, American and French pro- xisals," Pijadc declared, "have gone with live wind." The Yugoslav delegate assailed the British proposals for a statute governing Ihc new internationalized area of Triesc as putting the port on a par with a British colony. Recalling the foreign ministers' agreement that Trieste's legislative and executive authority should be organized along demo cratic lines, Pijadc declared: "We cannot see why the people Trieste should be forced 'lo ac ccpt a colonial-type regime in a military slronghold." He said both the British and U. S. proposals for Trieste statute — there are : f ive posals altogether, member of the Big Four and one fiTi'.i Yugoslavia — plus speeches yesterday by U. S. Senator Tom Connally and British Delegate Gl.-ulwyn Jcbb, "reveal that Trieste ill their minds is not to be- coir.e a truly free state, butamili- tary base under an Anglo-American condominum." "The American, British and bloo'd- shed on the .picket lines. 3. The number of idle workers in Pittsburgh rose to 70,000 as the strike -of 3,500 power company em- ployes entered its ninth day apparently no nearer settlement. 4. Walkouts affected transports* lion at Columbus, O,, New York, Chicago, . -Tacoma, Wash., and Pittsburgh. A new strike threat arose in Chicago, where the United Packinghouse Workers (GIO) debated whether to call a nationwide walkout to support demands that the government seize and operate the meat industry as a public utiltity. Regional Director Herbert March said the union was "seriously considering" a stoppage to combat a "strike" by packers, who, he said, were propagandizing farmers to hold back their livestock from the market. In the maritime strike, hundreds of ships rode idly at anchor and the association of American railroads clamped an embargo on freight shipments to strike-bound ports. At Washington, however, the ______________ government exerted heavy , .pres- differenl prop- i sure for settlement in the second one from each | day of the tie-up. The maritime - • commission promised to extend to all government-owned . ships any agreement on union security •cached on the east coast and ihe ?ulf. Two striking unions — the CIO Marine engineers and the AFL nasters, mates and pilots — had •cported progress in their negotia- ion* fnr uninn comn-iiv iiiilh oocf he has two castles near the lihinc. I French proposals in no way cor Hans Fritsche may have to return ) respond with Ihe foreign ministers' ' council decisions, he added. Pi.jade flayed Ihe British proposal for a transitional regime which, ID the Russian yone, whence lie came for trial as a prisoner of war. German lawyers for Field Marshal Wilhelm Keilel and Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl. both relegated lo tho sallows, led the legal staff in making appeals fur clemency, and for shcoliiis! rather lhan the rope it' mercy is denied. Tiiv 1 doomed militarists were reported ii'.al.iir.; a special request for a firinis ..'quad, which mf" considered a more honorable doatli fur a soldier. A lawyer lor FriU. Sauokol. oon- ci(.mnod labor loader. aUached to his applicatiiin fur commulalion hundred.-- of lellers i'rom Germans, by Other aUiMTi.ys :;ai(i they wore- ob- he said, meant imposing foreign rule on the city, backed by Anglo- American military cupying Trieste. The provisional taining similar documents I-' bolster their appeals. A new, blai-koii! was ;n.:liUUed a I Nin:; nlje.'g c.'Unheus-.' and .U'ii. Accompanying the blackou! were many rumor:; Mc.rted by German none ut !he:-c could be confirmed or denied by an official source. One i-fiXM 1 ! v.Jis Uuu I'ul. I Andius. ehii.-t of the soouril.v O.e'.ail h:ul ordered eaeli condemned A'ii.'.i manacled t'.' :i military policeman in ni:- coll to pri-wiu any .suicide ai'omp;. AiiothiT 11 p-o:i »\as lhai German au;h.iriiie.. had submitted to Ihe military :;m •.-I'linie! 1 ! lonnal i.-.e- tilioii:, it.-,- e--.-;|iiily r : Srl'iichl. Von Papon and Krilschr- to i:u.-e denax.i- Continucd on Pa^c Two forces now oc- governor would Ihe city. maintain internal order, draft electoral lists, prepare for ihe Trieste elections, al! with the backing of the "United States and British troops and military government personnel now on the scene, Pijadc asserted. "Where is Ihe security council in all Ihis? The responsibility of ihe security council will be usurped two powers," he said, ijude submitted a Yugoslav tho treaty section of pioviding for economic and monetary union between the j'reo state and Yugslavia, then urged the commission lo leave the drafting of Ihe city's statute to Ihe foreign miiiisers' council. The United States and Britain, lions for union security with aaist coast and gulf shipowners. West coast shipowners had objected to the demands. As the government owns half the merchant ships in operation, the maritime commission's promise arought considerable pressure to bear on \ycst coast shippers. Meanwhile, continued progress was reported at San Francisco in negotiations between waterfront employers and the CIO longshoremen's union. Harry Bridges, chief of the longshoremen, warned how? ever that unless a settlement is reached in three days the strike "might very well last three months." At Hollywood, 16 men went to the hospital and 13 to jail after a bloody light yesterday which raged through Culver city, Cal., io the gates of the Metro-Goldwyn Mayer studio, then to the city iail where demonstrators tried to storm the walls. Pickets were led by veterans wearing parts of their old uniforms and carrying American flags. The DuQuosne, Light and Power C", ihe x:\id. in opposing this economic [Co. al Pittsburgh wont on the radio to warn residents that power would be shut oif unless ihcy voluntarily cut consumption. Company and union officials met separately with federal conciliators seeking to end the power walkout. Ai Columbus, O., company and union officials agreed to resume negotiations in an effort 10 settle a two-day transit walkout by 845 Continued on Pajic Two ur.iun. "are eroding a Chinese wall, if iiiil an iron curtain between Tri'.-s'o and Yugoslavia." "This is noi our lust word," he w.t.'iied. "It Trieste is not 1o be d'.-mtiei'alic. we can jiever accept it." French delegate Maurice Couve do Muiville inUTverod wi'.h what he termed a compromise proposal Continued oil i^ago Two "

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