i Six Days of the Biggest Event in Arkansas: Third District Livestock Show at Hope Sep. 30-Oct.5 I 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 299 Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Free Press More Than a Business An Ideal .,/ This being Nalional Newspaper oyeeln-I told the Hope Kiwanis club today noon, it is a good lime lo point out lhat a free press means much more than the right of this or lhat man to run a newspaper for profit or to make a campaign speech for public office. Free speech and press are one of the world's great ideals. The opposite picture of freedom is a picture of men shot to death 01 „ languishing in prison for what government today began new ct- thcy said or wrote about Ihe affairs |foits to end Ihc latest nationwide Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair and slightly warmer this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday. Star of Hooo. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1946 (AP)—Means Associated press 1NEA)—Moans Ncwsoaocr Enterorlse An'n. PRICE 5c COPY Nation's Most Serious Strike Wave Mounts Washington. Oct. 1 —(UP)—The their own country. \*-But- while some men in shipping strike. . somo| The labor department called ',or nations have been treated violently /a fresh start in negotiations be linrlnr :i vinlnnt m-pss rnHn thiK is twRon the masters. males allC an over-dramatization of the actual free-speech problem confronting the world today. The practical aspect of a free press today the understanding and peace might bring to the world if Un- American and English principles of dtscilssion and publication were and pilots (AFL) and east, Gulf and Pacific coast operators at 12:30 p. m. EST. Another meeting was arranged it i tentatively for 8 p. m., EST be Official Opening of Livestock Show Today; County 4-H Club Corn Contest Winners Named Southwest Arkansas' Third Dis-. $87.00. A check plot of the hybrl'd accepted by countries. What I am talking about is what newspaper news. men call "access to International news ori finales in the cabinets and parliaments of nations, just as local news originates at Ihc city hall, thc police station, or the courthouse. Newspapers themselves actually say nothing except in their editorial columns—but in thc news columns you hear a thousand voices talking. In America and England government news is obtained by corrcs- twcen the operators and the marine engineers beneficial association (CIO), the other major union whoso midnight walkout tied up all U. S. shipping for the second time in two weeks. Tho nation's most serious wave of labor disputes in months extended from coast to coast today with a new shipping ticup and violence in the Hollywood movie stirkc. Deputy sheriffs fought with several hundred strikers who were picketing the Metro - Goldwyn- Mayer .studio at Hollywood in defiance of police orders. The strikers were members of the AFL conference of studio unions which is in- trict Livestock Show will officially get underway at Fair park today following a comparatively quite Monday in which the stage was set for activities which will end here Saturday. Judging of hundreds of head of livestock, some of the best in the nation, will get underway Tuesday morning. Ranches and slock farms from all over Arkansas have entrants in the livestock division. Tho officials program calls for the: Judging of Hcrcfords. 4-H Club and FFA poultry judging. Aberdeen Angus, Shorthorns, Polled Hereford judging. Highlight of the day's activity will be a parade through downtown Hope at 4 p.m. Parade entrants will meet on East Second Street at 3:30 p.m. At 8 p.m. a greased pig scramble will be held in conjunction with a vodco ant' free fireworks will end the program. Also on hand for the entertainment of young and old is United pendents talking directly to Hi- ... chief of state, or an important i volvcd in a jurisdiction:)! dispute -'deputy chief—not only talking to j with another American Federation •Aim but asking questions, and usu-1 of Labor union, ally getting answers. Therefore! Tho wage dispute which halted the world gets a pretty accurate? picture not only of u nation's government but c.f its people as well. But for all the homage the world American shipping was the second in two weeks. Three maritime unions, one AFL and the others CIO. went on .strike aze of the common man you pays our ideal of free speech and i at midnight after failing press the world actually practices ' ' - " : " it little. Tho iron curtain of press censorship and government secrecy is broader today than during the -and what evil it screens from 'io reach Exposition Shows and rides. Thursday stores in dow downtown Hope will close at noon for a special horse show at 2 p.m. Tickets to the rodeo and entrance to Fail- park arc on sale at Roy Anderson's office. Young Hurd Wins The blue ribbon of the Third Hempslead County 4-H. Club Corn Show hibit year ... Herman Hurd of Rt. 4, Hope yes went to the two 10-car ex- of John Marshall Hurd, 11 old son of Mr. and Mrs receiving no sidcdrcssing of 100 pounds of Ammonium Nitrate per acre in addition to the 300 pounds complete fertilizer used at planting produced only 52.4 bushels pel- acre. Carroll Ferguson, 13 year old son of Mr. and Mrs. Johnnie Ferguson of Hickory Shade neighborhood was awarded second place led ribbon along with $15.00 in cash. His two 10-car corn entry was outstanding but his home farm corn is too immature to. announce comparative yields. Wesley Huddlcslon, son of Mr. nd Mrs. Benlon Huddleston, Rl. , Hope, whose sons have won the ast two corn shows, was third lace winner. His exhibit of yei- ow dent and G-711 hybrid was cal competition to the first two winners. Fourth (place went to Jharlos Brown, son of Mr. and Mrs. Carl A. Brown of Sweet Home and fifth to Fred Waters, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Grumpier of Fulton. Other awards among the first .wcnty were as follows: Thomas Beck of Oakgrovc 6th, L. A. Sin yard Jr. Center Point 7th, Carllon Summings of Baird's Chapel 8tti, Leonard Turner of Spring Hill 9lh, Wrcnford Cox of Liberty Hill 10th, James Fuller oC Shovcr Springs llth, Ronnie Wardlow of McCaskill 12th, James C.iHutson of Doyle 13th, Lavernc'Vines of Palmos 16th Dildy Lee Reed of North Sardib 17lh, Henry Sinyard of Center U.S. Seizure of Market-Bound i, Livestock Seen Pastor Gets Tip on How to Contact Black Markets Washington, Oct. 1 Buffalo, N. Y., Opt ,1 —(/P) — The Rev. John F. Steve' said today he had "met some response" to his request — contained iti'. a sermon to his congregation •—• ior a tip on where to buy black market . sugar. ,• , . | Steve, pastor of , Emmanuel | Evangelical and Reformed church, — Rep. (told his parishioners yesterday that 12 German War Leaders to Die for Crimes Spencc (D-Ky) said he "gathered jthc regulation of sugar "is so iop- Ihc impression" at a conference i sided that it invalidates thc differ-1 By WES GALLAGHER ©with President Truman today thatience whether I buy sugar on the 4u« rr,... n ...~.-v* n .-.4 n-,1., "4iir« cj^mn black market or legally. "If there is anyone who knows empio; tcrday at thc Southwest Arkansas and Poultry Show.wYount, war the can only imagine. . • t Kent Oooper, executive director ; -of the Associated Press, has madras his personal postwar goal a crusade for world-wide press freedom under Iho United Nations. He has net met with much success. Neither the ideal of democracy nor the ideal of a free press exist* to any great extent among nations except the English, Americans and French. But tho alternative is secrecy, fear and war. For until foreign correspondents .«are able lo ask the chief of .stain •iJ.he questions ..the world . wants to i know about there can be litlle confidence and no understanding as between one nation and another. And this is thc true thought we' trross them. Pittsburgh, in all three disputes. Those idle were thc CIO Marine Engineers, CIO Lo-.-.gs^iorcmcn, and AFL Masters, Males and Pilols. Picket linos appeared al New York and Philadelphia, and AFL Longshoremen in New York refused to „... already wracked by a power strike, was inconvenienced by a walkout of employes r-'- eight downtown hotels. A new strike threat beset the motion picture industry. Major labor developments included: 1. Thc new shipping walkout began shortly after midnight when licensed maritime officers of thc CIO Marine .Engineers beneficial association lefl their vessel? al New York. 2. An estimated ''JO,000' workers ,vcre idle in Pittsburgh,, many of 'hem in steel and other heavy industries. Losses in business, in- frcm 4-H Club boys in Hempstcac County. In addition to the firs place blue ribbon young Hurd was awarded $20.00 in cash by thr Show Association. In his production 60.8 bushels of hybrid con valued at $104.70 per acre wa produced in comparison to 50.4 bushels open-pollinated corn as normally produced on thc farm worth Point 18th, Charles L. Allen o Piney Grove 19th, and 20th to Dwight Adccck of Palmos. Thc corn exhibit was judged b Dr. Tildon Easley of thc Agricul tural Extension Service, Univcrsitj of Arkansas and Mr. Frank Scott representative of Pcppard Sec Company of Little Rock. Thc corn exhibits will be in place the remainder of the week and is located in a tent immediately on the left upon entering thc Southwest Arkansas Livestock Grounds. Visitors arc welcome and urged to inspect thc exhibit this week. the government may "take some remedial action" to case thc meat shortage. Spencc, chairman of thc House Banking Committee, told reporters after the White House conference that he was "not at liberty to dis- uss" what thc action may be. Secretary of Agriculture Andcr- on said earlier there is a "very < eal danger" that the government nay have to seize all market-bound iyestock. Spencc said he had talked to Mr. Tiiiman about OPA and the "dis- sa;iisfaclion of thc people" about l.'S ''Some of thc people can't get 'urnaccs and of course they can't get meat," Spencc said. Anderson's assertion to a group ofjNew Mexico cattlemen coincided with his formal announcement through thc Agriculture Depart ment here that meal must remain on r the government's list of scarce farm products. Al thc same time Anderson erased from thc list —and irom price control — all canned 'ruils, juices, nectars and corn, along with fresh and frozen salmon, oat cereals and rum. What lingering hopes the meal industry might still have had that the way might be cleared ior lift ing OPA ceilings in a bid to :"arm ers to speed their slock to market apparently were dashed by thc an nouncemcnt here. And Anderson made the poinl Nuernberg, Oct. 1 — (If)— The international war crimes tribunal to where I can got black market sug-lday decreed death on the gallows ar," the pastor declared, "let me tor 12 leaders of the Adolf Hitler know." Freed Nazis Only Want Peace,Quiet By DUDLEY ANN HARMON Nuernberg, Oct. 1 —(UP)—Thc gang, sentenced seven to prison, and — with Russia dissenting — acquitted three defendants. The court, after sentencing to death Hermann Goering, Joachin I Von Ribbentrop and 10 other Nazi Ihenchemn, announced that Russia had protested against the tribunal's "acauital of Franz Von Papcn .Hjalmar Schacht and Hans Fritsche. The Soviet judge, Maj. Gen. I. T. Nikitchcnko, also pro tested that Rudolf Hess should have been hanged instead of re cciving the life imprisonment sen tcnce the court handed him, anc Franz Von Papen told correspondents today lhat they want "rest, oblivion and plenty of space." This was their comment when ihey visited Ihc Nuernberg newsroom a few minutes after being released from prison after th2ir acquittal on war crimes charges by should be considering this National dustry and wages resulting .from " "'- itho power strike mounted toward 1 $125,000,000. i 3. Motormen and bus driyrs at ! Columbus struck at midnight, leaving many of the city's 300,000 persons without transportation. Newspaper week. -K * * By JAMES THRASHER Our National Defense (III) A consideration of the American shipbuilding industry's relation to national defense tc.day should per Fred W: Bell Found Dead Garland GOP Seeks to Oust Officeholders Hot Springs, Oct. 1 —I/Pi— Seventy-three Garland county Republicans charged in a pctilion to Governor Laney thai many of Iheir counly party officials were i miles south of Hope, near Patmos. Fred W. Bell, aged, a farmer, was found dead laic yeslerday in bar to the Schachl and military to be future freedom of Fritzsche but Von of the general of thc general staff and high command. Judges of Britain, the United Stales and France joined in the majority opinion, which now will be carried out by the Allied Control Council, representing all iour allies. Le * al officials o£ the American a field near his home about 10 aps be prefaced by a few rions from recommendations policies for the last 10 years. citat- aclivc supporters of the Democratic organization of Hot Springs Mayor Leo P. McLaughlin. The petition — sent to the governor as chairman of thc stale Straphangers hastily lormed share-1 board ot election commissioners the-ride plans reminiscent of war-, , , .. n time. and I 4 - A strike against major Holly- Thc Maritime act of 1930 reads in part: "It is necessary for the (wood film companies continued, while independent producers were threatened walkouts by the -- .-.---,- . , ,1-1 , t AFL International Alliance of national defense and development Thoalriuul st . lgc Employes. of its foreign and domestic co.m mercc that the United States shall have a merchant marine — cap- nble of serving as a naval and military auxiliary in time of war or national emergency -- It is hereby declared to be tho policy of the United States to foster this devel- main- lant mar- In thc shipping strike, lions were continuing negotia- both at and also to Osro Cobb, Republican state chairman •— asked that Richard M. Ryan be replaced at the Republican member of the Garland election board by Garnett Eisclc, Hot Springs drug chain The petition, whose lead signer was Otis Nichols, Hot Springs tire said tho dissenting He was found by a neighbor, Charles Cox. Death is believed to have resulted from a heart attack. He was engaged in plowing when striken. Bell purchased the 22- acre farm asl May and lived there alone. F-e s believed to have originally come 'rom California and apparently has no family. AH efforts to lo.cate relatives have failed and neighbors knew little of his affairs. Funeral arrangements are incomplete. UnilCd DlilLL-h to iunn~-i itn. •'Jjpmcnt and encourage the '<itenance of such a mcrchai inc." In 1944 President Rc-osevelt proposed a "bold and daring plan" for ship construction program to extend into 1949, with accent on the building of modern, comfortable, Icw-travcl-cost passenger ships. The U. S. Maritime commission was to undertake study and design ot this program immediately, though thc war was still in progress. In l'J4. r ) the Harvard Business School announced the findings of «.its three- year shipping study, un- *ldcrtakcn at the request of Ihe Na: '^vy and the Maritime Commissio.n. Its recommendations included the following: 1. That the national security aspects of the shipbuilding industry outweigh economic considerations. 2. That it is the responsibility of thc government to assure thai the industry attains the characteristics adequate for national defense. 4 Thai it is false economy lo reduce shipbuilding and shipping -.operations to the low level prior lo JWorld War II. '- The report staled further: "Up-lo date and even ahcad-of-timc equipment is necessary to win a modern war — • If no ships are being built because the country has more than it can use, the art of shipbuilding and ship designing — can soon be lost — If the country Pilots — expired at midnight last night. Government conciliators at Washington had hoped to avert thc strike by negotiating new contracts between east coast and gulf ship- owners and thc marine engineers and the masters, mates and pilots. Tho two unions, however, refused i to settle with east coast and gulf imployers without scttlemenl made emphalic in his Albuquerque address yeslerday by declaring that any new decontrol period would simply lead to "feast and then famine." Pleading for "cooperation in try ing to bring meat back tp the American people x x x at legiti mate prices," Ihe secrelary asked the executive board of the New Mexico Catlle Growers Associatiih "What do you have to suggest?" II was not immediately clear here whether Ihe requisitioning step Anderson mentioned as "a very real danger" would be designed to channel more meat into regular .'ehrfcinels • or marely. to a-gsura .the armed services and hospitals of a greater supply. The army currently is laying claim to 12,000,000 pounds a week by means of priority orders seryed on federally inspected packers, but many slaughterers do nol come under lhat category. Anderson held out still another warning to the stockmen — thai the long standing fight against import ing Argentine beef into this country might be reopened by public do mand. Papen still is sought by Austria :x>r trial as a war criminal in Vienna. Schacht told correspondents: "I plan to join my wife and my -two little girls and then disappear in some quiet place and never see anything of the press again.' ' Asked where he would be tonight, he mapped, "that's what I would like to know, too." The newsroom was like a tower of babel as Schacht, Von Papen and Frtizsche were questioned in a variety of languages and themselves frequently answered ;n French or English in addition to German. ' Schacht swung his head around sharply lo face numerous questioners. He still looked peevish and quarrelsome. He wore a thick :oir- of Ihe Ihrec Nazi leaders ac- were returned to tho U. S. of occupation they probably would be tried \by Germans under :he zone's denazification law. ,, Thc officials said because Schacht and Von Papen owned property in more than one zone it was conjectural to which they might be returned. Legal experts in Berlin expressed might get belief thc custory of Russians Fritsche, collared coat. Fritzsche, in a light gray pin~ l.bf.D^ut,, in C* Jl£^lll &*WJ JJJll- striped suit was smiling and dapper. He grinned and joked con- tinously. Once he shfiok mindsnvilh' a volunteer interpreter.' Von Papen, in an Oxford gray double-breasted suit, looked as though he had stepped out of one of the embassies he has frequented at intervals through his adult life. He was the quietest of the three. Fritzsche shouted "no" to a question whether he would like to broadcast tonight. "I hope thev give me a few weeks of freedom to gel over my dizziness at being free at last and not having before me thc gray whom they arrested in Berlin and delivered to Nuernberg for trial. Each defendant was sentenced individually. Goering was first. He stroke into the courtroom flanked by two military policemen. His gray suit hung limply about his once ample figure. Chief Justice Lawrence iooked sternly down :from the bench and sentenced the Number 2 Nazi to death by hanging. Under the glare of. the lights, Goering's face was immobile. ..:-..• Gray and sickly, Von Ribbentrcj;- stood ..jyiinne.d, ;"'a.s,ii:. ; the>-»d*T;ih-i;)iT<^V-.;? ' '' ' v " Greek Claims on Are Rejected :: \ By R. H. 3HACKFORD Paris, Oct. 1 — (UP)—The Bui- ' garian political commission of the ' peace conference today rejected 5 Greek claims to slices of Bulgaria adopted the Big Four recommendation for an unchanged frontier. Greece lost her plea for "strategic rectification" of her irontier '" with Bulgaria after the commission heard Anglo-American trib- • utes to "our gauant Greek allies." The vote on the Greek defand was two ior revision — Greece and ' South Africa — eight against and three — India, New Zeland and Great Britain — abstaining. The Big Four draft of tnc Bulgarian treaty, which would leave me frontier with Greece unchanged, then was adopted, 10 to 1, with two abstentions. During the discussion, .Jefferson , Caffrey, U. S. ambassador to Trance, ridiculed.the claim of tho „<, Slav bloc that Bulgaria now was a democratic country. He said the United States had "grave doubts i about the development of democ- *• ~ racy in Bulgaria." - • ' The Italian political commission " will begin its long-delayed study of » the Trieste issue late today when'/ 1 it receives the report of the soecial ' sub-committee assigned 'to~ the ..., .,.- tenc'e wa's' pronounced^ 'He be helped 'out by military Delegates conceded that the best \ the conference could hope ?or now*'i| was recommendation to ? »the VBig" "^ down — tiled to flourish," the secretary had "to police- Others sentenced to dealh were Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Julius Streicher, Friz Sauckel, Col. Gen.' Alfred Jodl, Arthur Seyss-Inquart and Martin Bormann (in Absentia). Rudolf Hess, third ranking German until his strange wartime flight, to Scotland, was senlcnced to life imprisonment. Also sentc'nqed to life were Walter FunK' ahifr .Grand Adm. Erich T, ___ 1 _____ '. .. -• t'' added: "In this circumstance the people of this country, hungry for meat, and with money to spend for it, arc likely to ask for new measures and new sources." Thc army disclosed yesterday Continued on .V-age Two "But I desire, now that I have >een acquitted before the military ribunal here, to appear as soon as possible before a German court. preserves obsolete equipment to meet future demands, there is every danger that it will be used. (Thisi could actually prevent the country from being prepared lo meet those future demands it it '.•fiiad lo go into competition with XfJencmics who have nol slepl in tho interim." . ^ The House Cc-mimlleo on Postwar Economic Policy and Planmny said, at about the same time: "The continued operation of shipyards located wilh a view toward a proper regional balance umild :issure a nucleus i. C skilled persfmiu-1 and management and the technical knowledge essential for the undertaking of merchant marine and naval construction in time of war." t In December of lyl") President *>Truman said. "The United Slates must carry out tin; bold and daring plan of Franklin D. Hoosrvelt for a merchant maiiur of tin. 1 best designed and i-nuippi-d p.issfii'Jer anil cargo ,<hipK." with west coasl shipowner?. In another shipping dispute, spokesmen for the CIO Longshoremen said negotiations at San .Francisco lia'd made progress and would continue. But when 1,000 marine engineers walked out at New York, Continued on Page Two U.S. Sees Red Demands as Peace Threat By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washington, Ocl. 1 — (A 1 )— Under secretary of Stale Achcr.son declared Today Ihe United States is actively interested in Russian demands" on Turkey over control of the Dardanelles because American polity is concerned with any ques- lion "which might develop a threat to pc-acc. Acheson told a news conference thai American officials are presently considering exactly what the United States .should do about Rus- ond note to the Turks last cralic primaries A letter accompanying th^ petition charged thai the "Republican Democrats," identiiicd as mostly Negroes from Hot Springs' Second Third and Fifin wards, "took an active part in working ,-ind voting for the Democratic McLaughlin machine." Thc letter and petition charged also that the Republican officials of Ihc county were .named "al the improperly advertised Republican convention." No mention was made of supporting the Garland G. I. slate headed by Sidney McMalh, many member:; of which arc opposing UIR McLaughlin organization as in(dependents for the November gen- Icral election. Arkansas Republicans, however, recently adopted a resullion pledging support lo G. 1. jnclcpsndent Nuernberg Verdict Should Prove Helpful in Giving Group More Power By DeWITT MacKENZIE Foreign Affairs Analyst AP The Nuernberg international military tribunal has formulated what peacemakers for generations have been trying to persuade the world to lo accent — that conspiracy commit" aggressive war "is thc supreme crime." It's a notable circumstance that the court which makes this momentous ruling comprises rcprescnta- law are. committed by men — not Iby abslracl entities— and only by punishing individuals who conimit such crimes can provisions of international law bs enforced." The Nuernberg verdict on individuals will be remembered after Berlin lias been rebuilt anc folk have forgotten thai il was laid candidates not opposing Republicans. _ Nichols explained that lh<- poll- nVo'rc"Vhan"any othcr3,"are"re*p6iv lives of the Big Four — America, Russia, Britain and France. They, sia's sec This reiterated Russian insistence on a share in military control of thc slraitd and asked iur u-goliaiions directly with Turkey. However, Acheson flatly ••leniod published reports thai Turkey al- i-i-iidy bad appealed io this c-iunlry Vet this plan, approved by Con- gross, lias nol yet maU'riali/ed. Scheduled c'imi'Iction til' six wur- KhiiiK hiiiltl'iia in Navy Yards has tion contained only 73 signatures, because "we had only ;i week to circulate it." •Wo could have obtained 1,000 .signatures just as easy," he said. Wife of Slayer Also to Face Trial in Lawrence Melbourne, Oct. 1 —(/Pi— Esther hoe Bylcr was scheduled to go on trial in I/ard circuit court here today on a first degree murder charge for alleged complicity in the slaying of Sheriff J. Lav.Tcnce Harbor, .for which her husband, Hubert, has been senlcnced lo death. Kolher Lee accompanied Rubori when lie lied from his mountain homo near here after the sheriff'.-* slaying Dec. 4, 194.'). and was with ho surrendered two siblc for world peace. This verdict should strengthen the hand of the United Nations in dealing with threatened a.'igrcs- .sioii. Perhaps we shall :"ind thai thc benefit to the U. N .may be mainly psychological :"or 'the time Those.f.'aqfjuiUed • were Franz Von Pap'eri, .the old gray diplomat who led''intrigues in both world wars;' Hjalmar Schacht, the Gcr- an finance wizard; and Hans "I already have said I :tcel cpni-j nn '., etelv guiltless of the accusations jFritsche7'd7puty' p'ropaga'rida Vw'n- . against me here. Now I lister for Paul Joseph Goebbels, ike lo render an acco.unl be- 'suicide court as to why | Grand Adm. Karl Doenitz, who would like fore a German spoke as I did on Ihe radio." The trio were released from their prison cells about an hour alter thc international military tribunal completed returning its verdicts. It was not yet certain whether surrendered Germany and was fuehrer in the last few days of the war, received a ten year sentence. Balclur Von Schirach, Hitler youth leader, and Albert Speer, it was not yet certain whether German munitions minister, both AuMiia would .succeed in Us effort wcro sentenced to 20 vears in nri- to force Von Papen to go to Vienna for trial charges. there on war crimes in rubble. The outstanding figure among the condemned is former Rcichs- marshal Hermann Goering — jusl as he was Ihc most striking personality and the greatest driving force in the Reich next io Hitler when Nazidom was in flower. Goering has recognized, perhaps being, the great powers get through scrapping among them selves. As things stand any one of Ihe Big Four — plus China —could block action against an aggressor by exercising the velo right which Russia has been employing so freely in all sons of circumstances in Ihc security council. However the Iribunal'.j verdict that the wage? of aggression is death should provide our new peace or- monlhs later. An .appeal for Byler is pendin; before the suivpemo court. or holp in Ihe situation, saying lhat Turkey had not a.'-ked 'iho United States for support yet. Similarly, hu said he had ?io information lo indicate that the, Turkish army is on a virtual \vnri. Vi-l lo-.-mcr Rssell (White county Ai'iieson discussed thc .Dardane!- Mar.-hul, on cluiryes -ji Art-un were Scheduled trials uf Ralph Mashburn of LiHh; Rock. S'ormer stat'J patrolman, and of Floyd R. Marsh. better "than any other of cusecl, the stern realities thc ac of the Fernandez to Face Charges of Swindle Miami, Fla., Oct. 1 —(UPl — Antonio Navarro Fernandez, FBI- alleged international confidence man, today was denied entrance lo this country, bul must remai principles Ior"ib'verhlng tfie "<UgW> puted area. Drafting of a specific and detailed statute probably will ' be left to the Big Four foreign ministers. . :. , ; i „, ' Meanwhile, the conference head'* ed toward the finish deadline with-T^ out attempting to argue the merits 5» of the various issues. The only obvH jective now is to bring the remain- * ing points to a vote, Such votes invariably show the East aligned against the..West. ; i. gunization a potentially powerful weapon. We all but reached a similar verdict at the end of the first world The late David Lloyd Britain's famous war- conflict. George. time prime minister, cried "Hang Ihe Kaiser' loudly and persistently that he almost persuaded Ihe power lo take action — but trial. He has from the start taken a practical view of the situation, and never has had any other idea than lhat ultimately he would hang. So he concentrated on trying to whitewash the Reich, as I found when I visited thc trial early this year. Goering disclosed recognition of his peril soon after he and others liad been arrested and taken to the Mondorf (Luxembourg) 'iitcr- rogation center. While they were there ihe first atomic bomb was exploded over Hiroshima, and George Tucker, AP correspondent, visited the camp wilh a colonel to get the reaction of the prisoners \o this event. Tucker showed them a copy of thc .army newspaper Stars and Stripes with its streamer headline about this epochal event. Goering threw up his hands and exclaimed: "I want nothing to do with il. 1 am nol long for Ihis world." A month later Goering and the the U. S. lo face federal charges fo swindle. Fernandez, suave, r>:2, and by his own admission a dcscendcnt 'of Iwerc scnlenced lo 20 years in pri- soi\ Conslanlin Von Ncuralh, former German foreign minister and later "protector of Bohemia and Moravia," was given IS years. . Thc Russians did not support the three acquittals, il was announced^ I Lord Justice Geoffrey Lawrence, i presiding justice, announced that thc Soviet member of ihe tribunal "desires to record his dissent" from thc decisions in the cases of Schacht, Fritschme and Von Papi. "lie is of the opinion that they should have been convicted and not acquitted," Lawrence said. "He also dissents from thc decision in respect lo Ihe Reich's cabinet and general staff and the high command (acquitted yostcrday. i "He i.s of the opinion they should have been declared criminal organizations. He also dissents in the wealthy Spanish family, was denied entrance lo the U. S. here yes- lerday by a special immigration board of inquiry. Refusal was based on Ihc fact not iiuite. The world wasn't ready I others were flown lo Nuernberg, , for such a step. It look Hillor'r- j and Tucker learned that les in response to a question a:- \ti why Ihe United Slates should be interested in the straits at this lime whereas in the past il mid not been so concerned. He said the situation is a reflection of the entire policy of the United Slates which is and has to be dieply interested Continued in circuit yeslerea.v until Ihe April, 11-S7. ierm. They were indicated in the bur ing uf the lunivj of John Hearne lasl Doc. ;"i while a posse searched for 1-iyler. Tho Bjlor cabin, whore Harbor was shot fatally. vas burned i!io same day. but ;io in- dic.linents wore returned in its de- wore crossing the said 1o iho rest: they Rhine Goering bloudy attempt 1o enslave Europe to •turn the I rick. ....... Punishment: of Ihc individual! • Boy?, there is the Rhine. You'c conspirators is calculated to be a ' better take a look at U. \oull thai ho had served a four year Cuban prison term for possession of counterfeit money. Fernandez. \vho claimed appro •innately $-$50,000 in Canadian banks, admitted the Cuban prison sentence, but contended that it was in 19i:j when ho was '(no young to know boiler." He denied FBI charges of Hc-ec- ng M. O. Dunning, Washington at- orncy, out of $125.000. Fernandez allegedly promised Dunning untold wealth if the lawyer • could gain lim legal entry inlo th o U. S., whore he could get to his fortune reportedly lodged in American safety deposit boxes .The $125,000 was to finance Fernandez until he could withdraw his own money. The debonair Spaniard's version was that he had promised to pay Dunning .$125.000, if Dunning could gel him American citizenship. FBI Chief J. Edgar Hoover said Fernandez allegedly asked Dunn$150,000. Dunning, and case of the defendant Hess, and of the opinion his .sentence should have been dealh." Lawrence announced thc dissenting opinion of the Soviel member would be altachei! to Ihe record siblo. T. and published as soon as possil The Soviet judge is Maj. Gen. 1. Mikilchcnko. The defendants have four days in which lo appeal 1o the Allied Control Council, their court of last resort. This council, representing vhc United Slates, Britain, Russia and France in Ihc government of Germany, has authority over the. execution:-!, which are expected Ocl. IB unless an appeal for clemency is granted, and ihcrc seemed liltle chance of that. All defense attorneys had announced 'ihcy would appeal in thc event of death sentences against their clienls. Goering and Ribbentrop were convicted on all four counts in the indictment against them, while Elimination of Price Control Seen Soon Washington, Oct. 1 —(UP) —• Chairman Roy L. Thompson of the ,' Price Decontrol Board said today -' that if production continues at ' the rate c>f the past six months it will not be long before the need for price controls is eliminated. He cautioned, however, that all 'f sergmenls of the nation's economy r have too much ai stake to risk ' i throwing price control safeguards overboard while they still are needed. Under present law, all price controls are scheduled to expire next June 30. Congress will determine, whether the law is extended again, Thompson, addressing the fall meeting of the American retail federation, listed recent production records as "straws in the wind pointing to less and less need, month by month, for price control on many fronts." Among these, he listed huge increases during the past six months in production of washing machines, vacuum cleaners, and electric refrigerators, irons and ranges as well as such food products as corn, wheat and oats. production" has to continue be-. swept away "by a wave of pro- fore the need for price control is Asking how Icng this "gigantic duction," Thompson said: "Not long, I think." "It i.s my belief," he said, "that next six months al (he same rate it things keep moving during the they have traveled in the past six months, price controls and all its irritations and problems will be a long way toward bowing out of the picture." SCAT Permit Extended by Commission mighty deterrent to Tuturc uggros- rn- MOIL Of course Germany's fearful ships in privi down. blems ofpeace whenever they arise slruction. The dwellings in lite, world. U IUH a ail ^ c apart. never see .il again. And .la.4 Saturday .'us niund Janas, piosident gf \he Cana- t , dian-Colonial Airlines. New York. Ht v.'as convicted of uvo counts. lormer actress, Kmmy beating ha.s been a terrible lesson I •—to . .. to Ihe nation a* a whole -- and to'nomann — visitod him :m ms cell. Ihe rest of the world, tor that mat-! .she caiv.e away weeping, it :ioed- C1 —lj u t surh blanket punishmer.* | i'd small imagination In sense what is I'M imper.'.onal. We •u-'.-ded lo j happened. Without much doubt deal wilh individuals .o bring ibe ' Goering had svarned her ol the or- thing homo. As the verdict said: deal which she and their snni "Crimea against international daughter had to conspiracy and crimes against the peace, and acquitted of 'the last two. war crimes and crimes against humanity. Eight defendants were convicted on count one of Ihe indictmonr — conspiracy to commit Iho other three acts charged — tho only to ,'iave borrowed ih?;une common lo all 'i'i defendants. Fernando;: from a Col- They wore, in addition to Goor- 11114, .Hess and Ribbentrop. Field Mmshal Wilhelm Keitel. chief of ihe German high command; Alfred Rosenberg, official Nazi wore said money for unibia. S. C. bank. Fernandez was arrested by FBI men he-re FHday 'lisht when he ariived by plane /rom Curacao, which he allegedly left by invita- philosopher; Grand Admiral Erich tion of the Dutch government. Continued on Pase Two Little Rock, Ocl. 1 — (If)— South Central Air Transport's 60-day temporary permit to c.peralc a generr al air service inlra-state was extended today until Oct. 10 by the Arkansas Public Service Commission. Thc temporary permit expired lasi night without SCAT having complied with its provision to Xila permanent schedules, rates, operating expenses and profits. SCA/T directors met at FayettcviUe yesterday nnd telegraphed their request "or Iho extension. SCAT has operated two legs of its proposed six-leg network serving Fayetteville and Little Kock and Texaikana and Littla Rock and intermediate points the last 30 days.
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