Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 24, 1946 · Page 6
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 6

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Tuesday, September 24, 1946
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Jl^B^^ Six HOPt STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Tuesday, September 24, 1946 Black Markets Flourish in lumber Set Aside for -Building Veteran's Homes ""* (Editor's Note: This is the last of two dispatches that give you a nation-wide look at the reasons lor yawning faun- dations and unfinished houses that are the unhappy milestones of-'the country's home -building prcgram.) "'BY" S. BURTON HEATH 7NEA Staff Correspondent _J31ack markets, nourishing in wood-piles, in nails, plumbing and other vital- building materials,- today are gettine substantial portions some insiders say as much as 75 per cent— of construction necessities that are supposed to be set aside, for veteran's homes. And .these black markets are selling what they have cornered for "bonuses" that run as high as 100 per cent and occasionally more above ceiling prices. Lumber i s hardest hit. but lumber is only one'of the many materials needed to build a house that js easy to buy on the black market—for a price. Experienced builders say that anybody who is unwilling to deal in .the "bonus market," or who qannot afford to, must give up the idea of building. The ,details. of , such .. operations reported to NEA Service.by observers in key cities throughout the country, support the generalizations which insiders have been voicing. FROM COAST TO ....COAST: VERY GREEN, VERY BLACK "Here* are', some details , from co,as.t* to coast: ... . SAN FRANCISCO — Plywood, apd'green lumber (as a substitute •forfthe seasoned lumber that is almost unprocurable at any price) are available from 50 to 100 per- ceiit "above ceilings. Builders' and de'jrters.are buyin'g lumber in .truck- Ioa3'*lcits from mills for 'cash. TJie ,OPA is trying hard to. get control and has filed several suits including one for $1,000 ( 000 against a; concern that it charges diverted to other sections, at black market prices,' 13 million board feet in tended for local cohslimption. Some plumbing supplies are available on black market but apparently on a small scale. CHICAGO — Many of scarcer items. can be had at illegal price including soil pipe and nails.Lum- ber appears to bring from $20 to $40 above the ceiling. CLEVELAND — Itfost short materials can be had on black market except castiron soil pipe and paint, which are short even there. Nails, normally $4.25 a ktg, are available fc.r $8.50 and up. There is a report that 800,000 feet of oak flooring, the scarcest item everywhere, is available, on the black market "as is" for $250 a thousand feet. The ceiling for the best grade is $128.50. NEW YORK—Oak flooring, with a present ceiling of $175. is available for $350 a thousand Last both ceiling and market price were got only $200, A year ago $85. The pre-war price ranged under $70. Now the black market price is getting around $125 for the buyer into sweetening the kitty; or he can substitute sub-specifications materials, to make up the difference. But there is another added cost element that arises out of the materials situation, as reported specifically from some cities and known to exist in all. Cleveland builders say It is common for them to put expensive union workers to boondoggling o,n some unproductive work while the boss drives frantically around looking for materials that didn't arrive. This alone adds from six to 10 per cent to the contractor's costs, they say. The added burden is mentioned which Nails, on which the ceiling is $5.65, cost rough framing lumber on the OP A ceiling is $75-$87. $15 a keg. Soil pipe that was $2.80 to S3 last Spring, and which lAe ceiling now stands at $4, costs $6 for a five-foot length. BOSTON—Some of the shorter materials are available at up to 100 per cent above ceiling. Because oak flooring is so scarce the OPA has authorized local people to buy a plant and dry their own. which will make it cost about $250 a thousand against a $150 ceiling on better boards. YOU GET WOOD — IF YOU "LOAN"MONEY channels happens to be identical The 75 per cent figure for d i- versions from legitimate trade with the percentage of Southern lumber that dealers in that area estimate ib going into the black market. For the most part, this diversion is from the litlle portable or "peckcrwood" mills and from farmers to whom lumber is a side line. Because lumbering, in general is a business of many small ope>- ators, ceiling enforcement is difficult if not impossible. From the middle west comes the story of two western companies that have written to builders, in effect: "We have plenty of lumber. We need money. If you will lend us money we will sell you the lum- aer." One company proposes to borrow on its land and timber at the rate of $3 a thousand feet, for four or live years at two per cent, and from San Francisco, but its cost is not estimated specicifically. Chi - cago estimates the added expense arising from shortages and delays at between 10 and 15 per cent. New York builders say it has become so onerous they can't build range. And all of these things, plus the poor quality of available lumber . is contributing to houses that many experts say are a fraud upon the veteran's who are mortgaging their families futures to buy them. Much such housing is so new that the inevitable trouble from green lumber has barely appeared. But San Francisco knows that wartime houses of green lumber developed buckled walls, warped floors, cracked ceilings, and expects no betler from the equally raw wood now available. In Cleveland the Belter Business Bureau already is getting complaints about substitutions of sub-specification materials and bad floors. Boston area builders claim they have to wait so long for plaster that even green wall lumber has an opportunity to dry. But customers are beginning to complain, and experts say that lumber that is used green cannot possibly do a good job even though plaslering is Russian Raps U.S. Refugee Policy By LARRY HAUCK Lake Success, N. Y., Sept. 23— (#>)— The Russian delegate to the United Nations Economic and Social Council in effect accused the United States and Great Britain today of converting the world's ref ugee problem into a political football. Nikolai Feonov, the Soviet dele goo, spoke for 35 minutes in leveling charges against the two governments and declared flatly that the United Nations has been "a failure" in handling displaced persons and refugees. If from the beginning, the United States and the United Kingdom had not opposed all our proposals, we should not have such a complex problem," he said. "The Soviet Union said from the beginning that it was a human problem. Some other delegations sec from a political angle." The Russian delegate took the floor as the council renewed consideration of setting up a v^st international relief organization to care for approximately 900,ORO persons. The proposed IRQ, with a budget, of $258,000.000 has been opposed by the Soviet and Latin American countries. Railroads Begin Fight to Hike Freight Rates Court Docket Here and There in Arkansas Washington, Sept. 23—W 1 )—Attorneys for the 13 major American railroads declared today that the 25 percent freight rate increases Ihey seek are far below Ihosc granted during and after World War 1. The battery of lawyers representing the Associalion of American Railroads opened final oral arguments before t h e Interstate Commerce Commission on their petition for a d v a nee freight charges. They were granted 10 hours in which lo slate their case, after which opponents of Ihe opposed increases will be heard. James M. Souby, general solicitor for the association, said in the opening address that although au- thorily for increases up to 25 percent is requested, the rises, varying on different types of cargo ,%vill average out at less than 20 percent. "This is considerably below the rale increases granted during and after the World War I," Souby said, o The Doctor Says: BY WILLIAM A. O'BRIEN, M.D. Written for NEA Service Municipal court of Hope, Arkan sas, September 23, 1940. City Docket Viola Miller, possession of un- laxed inlox. liquor, forfeited $100 cash bond. Leonard Webb, no loll light, forfeited $1.00 cash bond. Leonard Webb, no driver's license, forfeited $5.00 cash bond. Win. Chandler, operating a truck without a tail light, forfeited $1.00 cash bond. Anderson Turntinc, no city license foi felted $5.00 cash bond. in J. W. Lee, improper turn street, forfeited $1.00 cash bond, H. F. Johnson, speeding, forfeit ed $10.00 cash bond. The following forfeited a $5.00 cash bond on a charge of speeding: Roy Presley, Jessie Brown, delayed. It is agreed that housing must be built fast. And there is virtually no well-seasoned lumber available. Either housing must wait for lumber to be cured and other materials to be stockpiled, or homes must be constructed from what there is. But housing authorities are badly worr led about the whole situation. They say that the veteran i FOR SALE TO;<3. L AND WiFE Four room modern home 60x210 or 160x21 Oft lot. 'Ready to occupy ia 15 days. Real Bargain. See W. A. PO.ZjER 603 West Third Street . agrees to sell pine and fir for immediate delivery to the lender. ^ Builders in Cleveland report lar?e shortages in delivery. A man orders 50,000 feet and is billed for that, but receives only 40,000 If he complains, his next order is ignored. Considerable upgrading is reported, and again no complaints are risked for fear of losing everything. BUILDER OR BUYER, SOMEBODY LOSES These black market aspects add greatly to the cost of building, and they make for uncertainty, so that a builder has little idea, when he signs a contract, what his material will cost.- If he has to go into the black market much he has three options; He can take a loss and per haps go broke; he can try to force being forced into using up his gov ernment aid rights, and mortgaging himself for 20 or 25 years, to get a roof over his family's head. If the house proves inferior- — if the wood shrinks, cracks appear, the floor buckles , the paint flakes off moisture seeps through inferior cement, to mention only a few of the commoner ailments — then he must spent an inordinate amount in essential maintenance and never will Little Rock, Sept. 23 —UP)— Earl C. Sowdcr. Little Rock salesman, today filed a protesl with the Republican state committee against nomination of James Harris, Little Rock attorney, as nominee for Congress from the Fifth District. Harris was certified by the Republican convention here Sept. 10 the party's nominee. Sowder, also a candidate for the nomination, contended he and his delegates were not notified of the caucus at which Harris was nominated and were not given an opportunity to present Sowder's name from the floor. No indication when the committee would act on the protest. was given as to have a satisfaclory home. If he gives up in disgust and steps out, relying upon the oft- used bromide that '.'It's just like rent. If you can't keep it up you've only lost yo.ur monthly payments"—he will find that he is branded by a deficiency judge- ment after the mortgage is foreclosed. o- Little Rock, Sept. 23 — The Army Recruiting Service said here today that the 2500ttuman recruited in the state this year would be personally enrolled in the service by Miss Rebecca Jane McCall. Blytheville — Miss Arkansas, and entertained by her. Maj. W. E. Davis, officer in charge, said it was expected the 2500lh man would be recruited in two or. three days. Wanted! TELEPHONE POLES A2I Dimensions — 16 to 70 Feet Cash Every Week PATMOS, ARK. Thorobreds no* made o! MEV / BUHO of inn* oved Synthetics with 5 times more Hatural Rub bcr <« a£ ;*=t HlrA •As of April 15, 1948. ( all Dayton Tires in sizes 6-4i»/ 6.59-16 and up, are rnaila with Raytex Fortified Cord, »t regular pricca. BY DAYTON SAM..JQUGHER LONGER WEARIHG Look for the date! All Thorobreds dated from July-46 are made with this new BLEND of rubber and *Raytex Fortified Cord, Dayton's specially processed Rayon. To be sure of the latest tire improvements, look for the date of manufacture on Thorobreds. ONLY DAYTON 7IKES ARE DATED PATINO..;" "rand new service «• ,DAYtON RUBBER 'RESEARCH '« h '!!^J^/imf«f Election Group to Meet in October Little Rock, Sept. 23 —(/P)— Governor Laney said today he would call a meeting of the Sate Board of Election Commissioners between Oct. 1 and 5. The board, composed of the constilutional officers, is required to meet 30 days in advance of the November 5 general election. The board probably %s'ill have its most heated session in years at the meeting next week since many independent and ex-servicemen factions are seeking representation on the county boards. The state board names ihe county commissions—composed of two Democrats and one Republican who name the judges and clerks. o Negro Grid Star Charged With Rape of Two White Women Detroit, Sept. 23 — (/P)—Arrainged on charges of rape against two white women, Guy Brown, 21-year- old University of Detroit Negro football star, stood mute today and a plea of innocent was entered in his behalf by a defense attorney. Bonds tolaling $80,000 were placed on Brown by Recorder's Judge O. Z. Ide, who scheduled ihe examination for October 1. On the first charge, brouHht by a 23-year-old woman, Judge Ide set bond at $40,000 and then imposed a similar bond when the Manhattcn, Kas., Negro was arraigned on complaint of a 21-year- old woman. o WHITEN APPOITED Litlle Rock, Sept. 23 —f/P)— Leonard Whiten, Little Rock, was appointed by Governor Laney today to the State Board of Registration for professional Engineers. He succeeds the Late " " •"'""-•Little Rock. Litlle Rock, Sept. 23 — (#•)— W.S Daniel, stale federal housing au thority director, said today priori ties had been allotted for 1,780 housing units for ex-servicemen in Arkansas for the last quarter of 1946. He said the new structures would be under construction by 1947. Approximately 6,000 veterans will have homes, provided that 15 percent of 4,196 priorities authorized are not used, as the Federal Housing Administration has estimated, Mr. Daniel said. He estimated that 25 percent of the construclion would be in Grcal- er Litlle Rock, and that the average house would sell for more than $6,000. o U. S. to See Many Shooting Stars Octobers, 9,10 Philadelphia, Sept. 23 — (/P) — Americans will witness Ihe greatest display of shooting stars since 1872 if conditions are right Oct. 8, 9, and 10, reports Dr. Charles P. Olivier, president of the American Meteor Society. Dr. Olivier, professor of astronomy at the Universitv of Pennsylvania, said the spcclaclc will be provided by the meteors which follow the orbit of Giacobini-Zinner's comet and are believed to be debris iroh the comet Nucleus. Epileptics differ from other people only in that they have seizures from lime to time. One must realize that fact if he is to understand epilepsy or its victims. There arc two kinds of epilepsy. In cue. atlacks of convulsions and loss of consciousness lasting from five to 20 minutes occur. In the other, loss of consciousness is short; in fad, a conversation started before the attack can be continued with just a slight interruption i n .he train of thought. Much is known about the Ircat- iient of epilepsy and about the cind of persons who have this disorder, but less is known of the actual cause of the seizures. Parenls of opilcplic children lend ,o be over-protective. This is especially true of mothers. VICTIMS NEED ACCEPTANCE The first problem lo. be solved in the management of epilepsy is lo help the mother, father, brothers and sisters lo accept Ihe one who has seizures. In Ihe case of school children, the teacher and the other pupi 1 s should be taught to understand. If olhers accepl these children, Ihe le achers and children understand their conditon, the number of seizures quickly declines wilhout any olhcr change of treatment. Epileptics should also be understood by their business associates. Prior lo World War II opilepli c s found it difficull lo oblain employment. The usual excuse given was that employers were afraid the epileptics would injure themselves, but proper placement does awa y with this possibility. Jimmie Lunch, C. Bridges, Alfred Morsani, Albert Perkins, Jim With- crspoon, E. Crane, Kalph Hunt; Dexter Bailey, N. J. Bailey, B. J. Agan. Chas. W. Edwards, disturbing peace, forfeited $25.00 cash bond. The following forfeited a $10.00 cash bond on a charge of disturbing the peace: Leo Anderson, Bobby G. Champeon, Leslie Mac Verge, Crisby Lee Bowles, Lcorn Bowles, Ralph Hunt. . H. II. Robinson, reckless driving, forfeited $100 cash bond. Walter H. Blackburn, reckless driving, forfeited $25 cash bond. Fred Sharp, Jr.. pclil larceny, plea of guilly, fined $25.00 and 1 day in jail. Claude D. Carrington, hazardous driving, frirfcUed $10.00 cash bond. C. L. Robinson, hazardous driving, forfcilcd $10.00 cash bond. Robert C. White, assaulting an officer, fopfcitcd $50.00 cash bond. The following forfeited a $25.00 cash bond on a charge of drunken driving: Mitchell B. Wafer, Dale Purlle, Leonard Webb, W. F. Huckabce, Rufus Slay. The following forfcilcd a $10.00 cash bond on a charge of drunkenness: Earl Thornton, Elbort Carlton, Cecil R. Godwin, Mack McElroy, Samuel Johnson, Eddie Lcake, Lu Aachen Mode Up of Old People, Ruins By EDWARD W. BEATTIE Aachen, Germany. Scpl. 24 UP) — Children, old people and ruins—lhal is Aachen. The cily which surrendered to the first division Oct. I'.l, 1944, to become the lirsl major city lo fall, still looks as 11 the fighting ended yesterday. Only the return of the population has brought it life of a sort. About 111,000 persons live nere now against the 105,000 before Ihe war. Only 2.000 defied Adolf Hitler's rdcrs'for a mass evacuation, «ind cowered in their cellars during the eight-day batlle that smashed ihe cily. Like mosl cily dwellers in Germany Ihese clays, the people of the city of Charlemagne have to scrape Fvervono Is shabby and hungry. A coW winter is coming. The coal mines are close lo town, but Aachen gets none of the coal. The people hist watch long trains of coal cars pass over the Belgian border west of hero, •, When you leave Aachen and puss down the Cologne Road that Jed the First Army to the Rhino. It is >ft like passing from war to Peace. Apples are in the ° r .cnnrds. the no- talc, crop Is plentiful and the hay- slacks fat anS golden. Even Huert- its secrets with Six Days of the Biggest Event in Arkansas: Third District Livestock Show at Hope Sep. 30~0ct.5 -a in the ruins for even a dingy ex slence. Only -10 per cent of Ihcm are til for jobs in the tire factory, the freight car repair shops, and the handful of small industries. Some of the big textile mills still arc usable. But management : ; s broke, and if il tried lo resume operations, there would be no labor. Electric lighl has been restored, the water supply almost re-established, and there is even gas to cook wilh in some parts of the city. Bui many inhabitants have neither a stove to cook on, nor a house to heat. I Communal kitchens servo 16,000 > meals daily. More than 1,800 per- Forest hides thick green. Only occasionally do you pass a burned-out Sherman tank or a wrecked Sehrmacht self-propelled gun a dynamited Nazi pillbox or a sign warning, "both sides of road still mined lor next 500 yards. At Juelich, where the river road was stormed, the stream still is uiif choked with war's wreckage. The village itself is n ruins smothered in green foliage. Beyond Juelich, the sheep graze on the slopes and peace taks over th landscape ugairu The advance through this area went. at lop speed and there is hardly a sign of battle. Then the Twin Towns of Cologne Cathedral soar out of the flat Rhine plain, , and the shattered mass of the city closes in around you, and you are back in the war again— the war that will still be with Ger- ther Loudcrmilk, Arthur Pcnning- lon, G. Slonc, Grudy Stokes, Roy Bradford, Chcslcr Bro.wn, George East, Jessie L. House, Robert C. While, Lester Lee, Buddy Frierson, Robert Lomax, Woodrow Muldrow M. McCiellan, Maxwell T. McClcl- lan, Luther Butler, Doris Lee J. W. Harris, Rayficld Mitchell Jas Reynolds. Jess Atkins, Izaiah Cornelius, Forrest Biddle. State Docket W. M. Reaves, wife abandonment tried, fined $100. Notice of appeal bond fixed at $150. Floyd Pickcns, wife and chile abandonment, plea of guiltv, fincc ?50.00. Glen Hines, overload, $25.00 cash bond. Willard Adams, disturbing peace, tried, fined $10.00. Willard Adams, drunken driving, tried, found not guilty. Arthur Johnson, disturbing peace sons slill live in the big concrete air raid bunkers built by Hitler. Other thousand:; live several to •oom in homes where authorities lave requisitioned all spare space. Where others live, nobody knows. D erhaps in basement caves under Ihe rubble. This sorl of existence—here as elsewhere—is a source of great worry to control authorities because of the disease clanger. Aachen's sewers will nol be repaired tor years. Seepage, meanwhile, will be a constant threal. Brilish conlrol officers who vook over from Ihe Americans 15 months ago give Aachencrs :"ull credit for trying lo help themselves. Swiss charity supplies 20,000 meals weekly to children under (i, and has furnished 20 wooden barracks. Bril- ish uakcrs operate a youth camp and clubs. With this outside assistance, German churches and tho German Red Cross arc striving lo cope with the worst needs. But in a city like Aachen there is nothing but "worst need." How can there be anything else whei a city has 43 per cent of its build- forfeited jngs "destroyed completely. '.U per cent damaged heavily and 1!) ,pei cent damaged slightly? Men and women work steadily a the incredible job of clearing rub ble. Years of work lie ahead before many for at least two more gen- eralions. o WELL— Kansas City, Sept. 23 —(/I 1 )— It rained fish—well, maybe—in parking lot here. Clifford Necce, a chief, reported he and W. W. Wormington, restaurant owner, found 00 little fish in the lot back of their restaurant yesterday after a thunderstorm. "I had looked out of the window before the rain," Neece insisted, "and the ground was dry and iish- less.' The weather bureau said a fish deluge' was possible but unlikely n this area. One theory was Ihat a ishcrman, disgusted by the storm, lad dumped his minnow bucket in he lot. o Sign in a machine shop: 1C your sweater is too big for you, look out 'or the machine if your'c loo jig for your sweater, look oul for Ihc machinists! Those who work with epileptic s should learn how to help them in their seizures. A clothes-pin m a y be slipped between the victim's teeth to keep him from biting his tongue, but no attempt should be made to restrain him during the convulsion. Afler Ihe attack he may rest a while and then go back to work, or he may go home. The average epilepsy patient does not have anything wrong wit h his brain or with his personality . The average epileptic is normal or above in intelligence, and some victims are geniuses. Instead of admitting that they have epilepsy, however, many victims try to conceal il. They do not consult a physicain for medicine or advice, but instead they buy patent medicines, often by mail. Epileptics have a tendency lo neglect taking their medicine o n schedule. The purpose of lakin g these special drugs is lo control the seizures, ar.d nat to interfere with normal physical and mental activity. Bromides, phenobarbital, and dilanlin sodium are Ihe drugs given to control the attacks. If you suffer with epilepsy, see your physician about dilantin sodium and let him give you Ihe am Dr. Olivier asked volunteer ob- I ount needed to control your attacks. servers to count meteors seen during each half-hour period, recording Ihe hour and minulc at which they begin and end, such dala should be forwarded to the society hcadquarlcrs at Flower Observatory, Upper Darby, Pa. o- The surgeon had, for the past two hours, been belillling Ihe specially of psychiatry, without s o ft pedalling his sarcasm. The butt of his offensive remarks was a desc- iple of Freud. Finally the scalpel artist airily asked his victim: Just how do you define psychiatry?" ., t "Well," came the quiet reply, R'.'' W E"."' ^yjjj. ams j .i men j. a { Disease to me and nuts to you a v" so lire P u ton Look for the date on,,, wan HOROBRBDS by ill S/IAKSA t>AT€ WITH DAYTON At Luck's 700 Service Station and 3rd Phone 700 _ _ e T t NOTICE TIME TO PAY YOUR TAXES October 1st is the deadline for paying your State and County taxes without penalty. Pay now and avoid the last minute rush .... Bring your old tax receipt or legal description of property, which will help us avoid errors and save time. Frank Hill Sheriff and Collector A trial might demonstrate thai ils use will reduce Ihe number o f your seizures. OPERATION MAY HELP Surgical operalion my be recommended if Ihere is pressure on the brain, resulting from an injury or from a growth. When Ihe pressure is removed Ihe attacks, may be relieved. Unfortunately, however, most epileptics are not benefitlcd by surgical operations. The cause of epilepsy is a tendency toward convulsions and los s of consciousness. This tendency exists in every one of us, and an epileptic differs from the av- ciage person mainly in lhal his seizures come on with less provocation. Some epileptic seizures have been controlled by giving the patient insight into the nature of his illness Others have been relieved by special diets, and, as indicated above, still others by surgical operations. Most epileptics find it necossuiV also to lake special sedative drugs to control the disease. If you have attacks, remombc r thai you can help yourself and all olhcr sufferers frorn this discrdc r by rising above your difficulty. There is an old adage which go e s this way: "If you want lo succeed, get something wrong with you." Question: I have kept my 10-mo- ilh old baby on a strict schedu- e since birth. Now -he objects to verything and will not oat prop - rly. How do you account for this"' Answer: A baby kept on a strict ehcdule often acts this way. He is oing through a negative stage. Ty to work wilh him and give him little more freedom; praise rum lor everything lie docs well und pu- ish him as little as possible. Hospitals in Boston Serving Horseweat Boston, Sept. 23 — (AP) — Horse-meal wenl on the menus of t\\'o Boston hospitals today. Officials at the Massachusetts General Hospital and the MussaehuselLs Eye and Kar Infirmary said there was no beef on hand and I ho horse- meal fulfilled the net-r'ssary dietary reciuiremenls. It is tougher and has a little different flavor, they said, but it is just as !'(,orl fur patients us beef. forfeited $10.00 cash bond. H. B. Anderson, overdraft, fqr- fcilcd $5.00 cash bond. Check has been paid. Earl Wilsob, assault and ballery forfeiled $10.00 cash bond. Perry McCargo, catching fish with a picnic seine, plea of guilty, fined $50.00. Suspended during good behavior. Thomas Silvey, catching fish with a picnic seine, plea of guilty, fined $50.00. Tilman Stout, drunken driving, plea of guilty, fined $25.00. Tilman Stout, drunkenness, plea of guilty, fined $10.00. Fred Clayton, drunkenness, plea of guilty, fined $10.00. Finas Hopson, drunkenness, forfeited $10.00 cash bond. J. E. Warbrillon, drunkenness forfeited $10.00 cash bond. J. E. Warbritton, drunkenness forfeited $10.00 cash bond. Woodrow Sloveck, reckless driv ing, forfeited $25.00 cash bond. Nellie Holmes, possession of un taxed intox. liquor, forfeited $50.00 cash bond. Walter Talent, reckless driving, dismissed on motion Pros. Ally Wade Bradford, wife and child abandonment, dismissed on motion Pros, attorney upon payment 01' cost Fred Clayton, assaull wilh inlenl to kill i accessory i, examination, held to Grand Jury, bond $250.00. Tilman Stout, assault wilh inlenl to kill (accessoryl, examination, held lo Grand Jjjry, bond $250.00. Willard Adams, assaull wilh in- lent lo kill, examination. Held to Grand Jury. Henry B. Tolliver, Grand Larceny examination waived. Held to Grand Jury. Bond $250.00. Henry B. Tolliver, Grand Jury, examination. Held to Grand Jury Bond $250.00. Floyd Pickcns, carnal abusfi, Examination waived, Held lo Grand Jury. Bond fixed at $500.00. o— . lore can be any thought of real juilumu. Millionn linvo nn(Tcrpil in silence with tho miacrit'8 of Tin-Worms—but need BtifTcr no lonncr ! Today, thanks to n micclal. medically recognized drug, n hiithly cfTcctivo treatment has been made ,iponBihle. Thia ilruK is th(- vital ingredient in P-W, the Pin-Worm tablets developed in the laboratories of Dr. D. .luyne & Son. The email. caay-U)-take P-W tablets net in it special way to remove Pln-Worma and relieve that tormentinK rectal itch. In if you auspc-ct Pin-Worms In your w-nild or yourself, nsk your druggist for a imckaiie of JAYNE'S P-W right away, a.iil follow tho. directions. H'a easy to remember: P-W lor Pin-Wurm»| SERVICE SMILES rOUR, FORD DEALER Holderfield to Have Stiff Test inBout Tonight Litlle Rock, Sepl. 23 —(/I')— The proverbial "acid test' .appears to be on deck tonight for Buddy Holderfield, Die young Scotl, Ark., welterweight who hasn't lost a fight since turning pro. Buddy will square off will\ Bobby Mclntyre of Detroit, a veteran of 102 professional scraps, in the ten- round fealurc of a five-boul boxing card here tonight, and 'the affair promises lo bo the toughcsl battle of ihe Arkansun's career. o THERES NOTHING LIKE FAST, FRIENDLY, SKILLED FORD SERVICE TO KEEP EM ROLLING/ Always Bring /our FORD'"Home'"To Your Ford Dealer For Service A motorist in England who had a 50 gallon lank of gas in res e r v c when ralioning was introduced, consulted a friend as to what to do ith it. "Bury il, my dear fellow," was ic reply. Accordingly, he gave instruct!is to his gardener the nexl day. o dig a hole in a secluded spot anc ury it. Afler a time, Ihe gardenei clurncd. I've buried the gas," ho s ai d. Whal do you want done with the a nk?" — RiSht Hand A nervous litlle man walked inli grocery store in a small town 1 want to buy all your ovcr-ript .omaioes and slale eggs," lie said 'Well, said the shopkeeper wilh .winkle in his eye. "you must b iny to sea Ihe new comedian a the new comedian at the theater nighi." "Not so loud," suid the I llle man, looking around apprehei sively. "L AM the new comedian. Gob: "You're a lovely, sweet u rl, uniui ." Girl: "But my name is Kale." Gob: "You're a lovely , sweet f, rl anna love you with ull my " Your Ford Dealer for over 28 Years Auto Co. 220 East 2nd Street Phones 277,278 Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn • The Five Arc Really One ijji'hc Arkansas Resources and 'Development Commission reports in its September iMlh news linlcr that a state advertisement published in the September issue of National Geographic listed Arkansas' five major assets aj lollows: 1. Vast mountain playsjriuimis. 2. A gracious, friendly people. IJ. Industrial advantages. 4. Health-giving climat 5. Mot Springs National Park. The same issue of National Geo graphic, as you know, carried a 4 1-page news and picture report on Arkansas. How did the rest of the world react to this message'.' Well, the commission reports that in the first three weeks after publication there were 470 inquiries from 45 states and 4 foreign coun- Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursday, 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 294 Star of Hooe. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1946 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY British Report Outright Civil War in Greece Belgium, U. S. May Decorate Men Who Rescued Survivors Gander, Nfld., Sept. 25 —(UP) — Both the U. S. and Belgian gov- crnmenls may decorate the members of the U. S. Coasl Guard and Army who rescued survivors of 'the crash of a Belgian airliner ,il was reported today as officials prepared to conduct funeral services jfor 26 of the 27 victims. London, Sept. 25 — (/I',— Greek i Thc sorv ices will be conducted and British government officials ] by u le Rev .J. J. Woolfray, Father I loday labelled the mounting yio- |j p. McCarthy and Rabbi Reuben lencc in northern Greece outright , Agusbeurik, who will fly over the civil war and disclosed lhal stern - . . . . measures were under way to crush tries. What Arkansas asset did the NEW TREATMENT CHASES gracious, rest of the world think most worthwhile? It was not the scenery, nor the industrial advantages, nor the climate — il was f.'Jicndly people." Nor is lhal surprising. The world has lols of good scenery, many valuable locations, and sections whose climate is world-famous. But (,f "gracious, friendly people" there arc never enough. Those inquiries reflect a hunger for friendliness thai is at the root of the world's present search fey happiness and security, Bring Your Prescriptions to Wards In the hands of a Registered Pharmacist, all the ingredients of endless prescriptions become the source for the filling of the very particular prescription which can help you. -, SEE US FOR Cosmetics I Pottery Perfumes Stationery Colognes • Toiletries WARD & SON We've Got It Phone 62 "The Leading Druggist" civil war and disdoscd lhal stern tiny ccmc icry in Ihe woods in a U. S. Army transport plane. Capl. VV. S. McConnell, com the rebellion. A Biitish foreign office spokes man said the Greek government had given British representatives in Athens evidence indicating thai leflisl forces alla'.'king Ihe gendarmerie in Ihe north were being armed :-;rom "Yugoslavia and Albania.' He added that Brilish troops in Greece could be called upon to act only "in u last resort,' and would not be used unless the Greek government specifically requested such aid. Greek Premier Constanlin Tsul- daris said in a Salonika speech Ihat Ihe disorders no longer posed a question of order but "a question of war,' and declared "the stale will emerge victorious by using all the moans at its disposal and wilh- otil any hesitancy in taking any measures.' New outbreaks were reported in -K -K -K dispatches from Macedonia, where, '•the Greek press ministry said, a II used to be generally assumed : strong band of leftists attacked that one of the chief purposes of a I the village of Pendalophos and were st'rikc was to engage public alt- i repulsed in a sharp battle in which manding officer of the U.S. Army detachment at Gander, revealed that Ihe army and coasl guard personnel participating in the rescue might be decorated. He particularly praised the work of Dr. Samuel P. Martin, Durham, N. C., and said "nothing is loo high for him.' Dr. Martin was in the first rescue group lo reach Ihe 18 survivors and work unceasingly for hours treating their in- Agri-Head Anderson Asserts Present U. S. Farm Produce Prices Are Sufficient nearly 48 juries. McConnell said it was possible of retaliating for , leftists, was recaptured by govern hai seemed to bo mcnt forces in a battle in whicl cntion and enlist public support for the striking worker's cause. Probably there also was an intent to do some economic harm lo the em ployer by way grievances, bul th a secondary consideration. We don'l happen lo recall any employers who have been driven out of business permanently by a strike. That wasn't the point, anyway. The idea was not to cut off a source of jobs bul to bring Ihe J^rcc of public sonlimenl lo bear on an employer through planned and publicized dcmo.nsiralions. Strikes used to succeed in this mission too. Usually they were undertaken reluctantly and as a last resort, for striking was no fun. The public knew the economic hard ships which striking workers and their families suffered. II became acquuinlcd with intolerable and working conditions which wore behind strikes. Strike breakers and goon squads were eventually forced out of the picture by the public v . censure which they deserved. The slrike is still-potentially tho same useful weapon thai it always was. But its recent employment indicates thai unions are using il for u different end. Whalevor their reasons, the results are unfortunate all around. For striking workers arc 23 attackers died. The ministry said it confirmed a icport that the town of Dcskatc, captured three days ago by 2,000 which the leftists lost 60 killed, 178 cap- .urecl and many wounded. On the eve of King George II's return to his throne, the Greek government presented evidence to the British that the forces now being opposed by Greek troops were being armed "from the outside," the spokesman said. Pressed to identity the countries involved, the official said they were "Yugoslavia and "Albania,' he added, however, that no units of foreign troops were involved, so far as he knew. Wallace Will Campaign for Democrats that the Belgian government might decorate the men in appreciation for the help given Belgian .citizens. Of the 18 who .were rescued, 15 were Belgians, Iwo were Americans and one was Chinese. o Highway 29 to Be Completed in 15 Days El Dorado, Sept. 25 (Special) — Allhough some work is being dp- laved by lack of materials and delay in lolling of contracts, good progress is being made for tho most part on highway projecls now underway in various parts of South Arkansas. day through rcporls obtained from | This fact became known here io- slalc highway department engineers on projects on both state and federal highways. Construclion work on a new sec- lion of highway 82 between Magnolia and Waldo is about 75 per ccnl completed, and it is expected that the project w.ill be finished in the nexl 20 to 25 days. The Magnolia-Waldo project, aboul six and one half miles, involves drainage work, new gravel base and asphalt paving. In effort to improve lhal porlion of the highway from the standpoint-o£ drain •age, the -right-of-way has been in creased from GO to 80 ACCI. Hign- Albuquerque, N. M., Sept. 25 — (IP)— Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P. Anderson says that in general the time of price increases for farm produce under the new price control law is behind us. The present ceilings, he said in a nationwide broadcast last night, arc sufficient to'stimulate production. Boosts — announced as he was speaking — for oils made of cottonseed, "soy beans, corn and peanuts,, and for collon linlcrs "are the last' of the adjustments in view now, Anderson reported. Anderson did not deal with plans of the meat industry to petition him for removal of price control or with the reports of farmers' lolding their produce in hope of lighcr prices. He expressed the view, however, that shrinkage of ivcstock marketings should bring Draisc for the farmers who have ended the run of unfatlcned ani- mnls that came during the price control lapse. "It is in the interest of the Amcr .can public to sec markets slowed up temporarily and meat hard to find while 52,000,000 head of caltlc and 5B,000,000 head of hogs convert 160,00,00 tons -of feed into top- grade beef and pork,' he asserted. Anderson added that the result in meal supplies might not be appar ent for months. The secretary, accompanied by his wife, daughter, 16, and an ex ccutive assistant, broke "my Jirs real vacation in years' to dclivci the message on policies "import ant to farm and city people alike. He remarked thai recent price increases on farm commodities ir compliance with the law had Ice many to regard the present farm price policy "as a one-way street the only direction being up." "We in the department,' he sail "feel that price adjustments an ow behind us and that there hoiild be few if any additional roc- mmendations for upward ceiling rices.' Increases required by the law uc lo changes in parity rales and he like, Anderson declarer, will e held lo the minimum. By OVID A. MARTIN Associated Press Farm Reporter Washington, Sept. 25 —(/Pi—Sec- etary of Agriculture Clinton P. Anderson's speech on farm prices it Albuquerque was generally in- erpreled here today as having a wo-fold objective: . 1. To try to convince consumers hat livestock farmers have not gone on strike since the rc-instate- mcnt of price controls over meat. 2. To caution farmers that higher farm prices would hurt them in two ways: (a) by inflating prices of tilings they buy and (b) by cut .ing down domestic demand at a .irric when mass consumption must je looked to as an oullc.1 for agri- cullurc's high level of producliv- ty. The 'speech was delivered at a lime when the Agriculture Department, the OPA, the Price Dccon- Irol Board, and olhcr governmental agencies were reporting a flood of complaints over the severe meat shortage. In his 'radio address last night Anderson described the current meat shortage as reflecting a short supply of livestock ready for slaughter rather than a tendency of producers to hold animals with the hope that ceilings would be increased or t withdrawn. He said consumers must wait while "52,000,000 head of cattle and 58,000,000 head of hogs convert 160,000,00 tons of feed inlo top- grade beef and pork." This statement seemingly over- Continued on Page Two By LYLE C. WILSON Washington, Sept. 25 — (AP) — Henry A. Wallace has decided finally today to campaign for the losing their valuable ally , public DemocraUc party with an eye on support. -- - - — •• • • In almost every major strike in the last year the public has suff the 1948 and 1952 presidential elections. ered. Usually strikes have been settled short of tin actual menace ;<> life and health, though some have ''Carried such a threat. But the majority of them have caused annoyance and inconvenience. The fact that strikers and their families arc pulling up with the same annoyances doesn't count for J much. For when people are denied ' some of the necessities and everyday comforts of life, they are less" inclined to think of the strikers' grievances Hum of their own. The consumer lias had his grievances, tot), as every consumer knows. Strikes have been the whole qr partial cause of shortages of co"^il, aiitos, steel and petroleum products, electrical appliances and transportation, among other things. These shortages haven't all come . at cnce. But slrike lias followed st- r?kc to create an atmo^here of almost constant petty piOolcms in our daily living. Recent events arc typical. T h e countiy's maritime commerce has been at a .standstill. Relief shipme- cnls have slopped, spreading possible hardship lo other countries. A paraly/.ing truck strike in New York ,/Y;ity has resulted in empty store- shelves and wM-se-than-wariimc shortages. Businoss has felt the strike effect from New England lo Virginia. One of Ihcso strikes has been against private employers, the oilier against a government agency. Bui the riK'iils have been largely lost on the public, whose reactions have ranged from resignation through aggravation lo active anger. The general senliment seems net to be sympathy for either party, bill a feeling of "Lei's gel Ihe th- Vlng KfUU'd on any terms, and then sec if we can possibly niiikc another stab at normal living." His associates revealed thai Wallace is ready and willing lo speak for DemocraUc congcssional candidates in the current campaign despite his discharge from Ihe cabinet Tho Uniled Press was informed Wallace would accepl state or national committee invitations to speak, or invitations from olhcr responsible DemocraUc leaders. II appeared likely he would avoid further discussion of foreign policy until the end of Ihe Paris Peace conference. In uccepling speaking engage- menls, Wallace would have to be convinced in his own mind that the Democratic candidate had what he regards as a sound voting record, although the measure bv which this would be determined was not indicated. His associates said there already had been inquiries from Missouri, Pennsylvania, Indiana and the northwesl Pacific for Wallace speeches. way officials, expressed Ihe belief that lack of proper drainage has been the main difficulty in maintaining Ih'al portion of the road. Delay in obtaining pea gravel is holding up the work of palching scclions of highway 32 between the Union county line and Magnilia. All bad portions of this section of the road arc scheduled to receive attention, and the work will proceed as gravel is obtained. No work has been slarlcd bul projecls arc now pending on as- phaling of highway 24 between Prescotl and Gurdon with conlracl expeclcd lo belel within n short time. Improvement of highway 53 is contemplated al an early dale, bolwcen Gurdon arid the river also highway officials reported. New asphalt work also is scheduled to start soon on highway 129 between Strong and HuUig in Union counly. This projecl involves 12 miles of highway. Asphalting work on highway 29 between Hope and Lcwisville, a distance of 23.2 miles, is well advanced, and should be completed in aboul fifteen days. Also under contract is a project ,fqr six miles of asphalt work on slalcs i highway 70 near DeQuccn to the Wife Swapping Deal Didn't Work Out By PATRICIA CLARY Los Angeles, Sept. 25 — (AP?— A wife-swap between two married couples was disclosed today as the husband who started it all tried to win back his original wife. Larry ONcal, now married to the former Mrs. Robert Kent, was accused of interrupting the honeymoon of Kent and Ihe former Mrs. O'Neal by firing a shot into their bedroom. Police booked ONeal on suspicion of assault with a deadly weapon after the new Mrs. Kent told the whole story to officers investigating the shooting. O'Neal denied the charge. Six months ago, she said, the two couples were congenial neighbors. The O'Neals lived downstairs and the Kents on Ihe second flooi of a Highland Park flat. They frequently visited back and forth for evening bridge games. Then O'Neal, 43, got to spending more time in the kitchen with Mrs. Edna Kent, 28, than he did in the living room with Mrs. Carol O'Neal. They decided they were meant for each other and last April ran off to Reno for double Rape-Slaying Charge Filed Against Youth Tazcwcll, Va., Sept. 25— (UP) — rlarold Duane Beavers, 20-yoar-pld war veteran charged with raping and slaying"a._Taz v Qwcll.schpp.L,girl,. lias been on a hunger strike in his jail cell since his arrest Monday, Sheriff R. B. Thompson disclo.sed Moscow Asserts New War Talked Only in U. 5. London, Sept. 25—WP)—Tho Moscow radio, commenting on Prime Minister Slalin's asserlion lhal he could sec no real danger of a new war, broadcast loday a declaration thai there Were "few countries where so much clamor was being raised' about a new war as in the United States. "American publications are trying to create the impression that war is inevitable, that it may break out at any moment and that preparations for this war are being speeded up," the commentator Analyzer said in an English language broadcast. He said Rep. Robert L. F. Sikcs (D-Fla) and Rep. Dewcy Short R-Mo) were among the "public figures' whose "irresponsible stalcmenls xxx play no small part in boosting this hullabaloo about a new war." Sikes, he asserted, has stated thai Ihe seeds of a third world war have been sown while Short, the commentator continued, quoted an American admiral in .'okyo as saying the Japanese soon would be wearing American uni- orms. Such remarks, Analyzer said, do not reflect the interests of the common people of the world, who ong for real security and a just md lasting peace. The Brilish press, meanwhile, !ronl-pagcd world reaction to Slal- in's slalomcnts and iilletl editorial columns with expressions of welcome for the Soviet prime ministers words. The Times urged the labor government to revise its foreign policy to a "middle course' between the "extreme positions' of the United Stales and Soviet Russia. The editorial implied strong criticism of the recent course followed by Bril- ish Foreign Secretary Ernest Bcvin. • "If the issue which lies behind many of the debates in Paris is the issuo.bolween Adam Smith and Karl MarX) between~ an America leaning lowai'ds unregulated private enterprise and a Soviet predilection for- a fully regimented economy, Great Britain' is commilled to neither .-'-extreme,' the ' Times said. '"'.•'. ' Continued 91}" Page Two Many Want to Know About Arkansas Little Rock, Sept. 25 —(UP)— In a world of turmoil and indecision interest, runs high in Arkansas "gracious and friendly people,' according lo Glenn A. Green, publicity director of the Arkansas Resources and Development Commission. And he backs up his statement with responses from 45 states and four foreign countries to a recent advertisement in National Georgraphic magazine. The commission, using funds donated by 20 Arkansas industries, ran the ad in connection with the magazine's recent arlicle on Ar- duslry and I kansas. In the ad Green listed five steel capital, points of interest as: (1) bast mountain playgrounds, (2) gracious friendly people, 3 industrial advantages, (4) health-giving climate, (5) and Hot Springs National park. And, said Green, in the first three weeks after publication the commission received 476 inquiries about the five poinls wilh most in- qurers asking for more informa- .ion about Arkansas "gracious, ^rincdly people.' Second biggest puller of inquiries was Hot Springs National park. o Pleasure Horse Show Planned October 3 Thursday, October 3, will be pleasure horse show day at the Third District Livestock show to be held here from September 3 Pittsburg Power Strike Cuts Steel Production Pittsburgh, Sept. 25 — (Pf) —A nine-man . strike ; committee announced in,court today its recom> mendation that 3,500 striking utility, workers end a two-day-old power walkout which had benumbed industry and business life in the The committee men said through counsel that the union membership would vote tonight on a new company proposal to settle the dispute. , Details of the company's offer were i unannounced. The committee said , would urge that the members ac- cpt the offer. The unexpected offer came as everberations of the- strike piled up end on end. Many thousands of workers, unable to get to their jobs because of curtailment of street car trans- through October 5. Judging for this event will b Emmet Williams, well-known' Gai land Cily horseman and slock own were idle. . A further county court decision was awaited on an anti-strike in- unction unique in Pittsburgh Jabqr • circles. Unionists claimed there is no law to make .men work. The city had obtained the preliminary injunction on- its plea the power walkout was a "strike against the people' and endangered public health and safety. • The anti-strike injunction issue tempted CIO- and AFL unions to join an unaffiliatcd union in the case,- as the issue has never been decided by the U. S. Supreme Court. A small strike-sympathy wave was growing. Two thousand Pitts- es h -Mil in. burgh employes ..of '„'••.<•} ~"< ,es .TiaiirHliivft'.'-ieL *Joip.' wai i- 1 , -ni JLdiiu *_*lL.y n\ji ai;ijiciii anu aiv\~rw \ywii- - --- ~T*-. • ' . j i t cr. E. M. Thompson will serve sympathy. CIO unionists ,,-_. -0 of nr ,.iv,rr,-,T,t-ln,. -,„/} ,1,111 lin dcoiofr>H I H DOSSlblO BCnd'al StHkC Ci. IU> as ringmaster and will be assisted by Newt Pentecost and Roycc Smith. After talking "horses" all year local horsemen will get a chance 1 to find out whose horse is condid- cred best. The event will start *t 2 p. rn. One day has been set aside as "Hope Day" and it is planned to close all downtown businesses during the day. Veteran of 14 Has Served 3 Brief Hitches Chicago, Sept. 25 — (/I 1 )—Allen Richard Jacobson, 14, who has served three brief hitches in two branches of Ihe armed forces, was surrendered lo Fort Sheridan authorities today by his father, who said the boy was cibjent without, leave irom Camp Lee, Va. The boy was turned over to dipt. I'.ufiene Knilong, Fort Sheridan provost marshal, by Franklin G. Jaebson. who said his son had run away from home 14 months ago, when he was 13. Capl. Knifong said records in the boys possession showed Allen had .served two short tours of foreign duty with Hie coast guard since December, and had enlisted in Ihe army in May. u.siiiH the name and birth certificate- uf a iiull'-brolh- cr, Norman D. Anderson, 17, for cueh enlislinonl. 'Ihe pruvosl marshal said he was holding the boy pending fui iher information from Camp Lee. Chairman John J. Sparkman of the Democratic National Committee speakers bureau already lias backed away .from his blacklist of .Wallace and Sen. Claude E. Pep- .per, D., Fla., >as official party speakers. Committee Chairman Robert E. Hunncgan is anxious :"or Wallace lo lake the ;;lump. Neither committee official, wants new attacks on administration foreign policy, but they evidently are convinced they need Wallace's help on domestic issues in 'this campaign. Wallace will nol speak for Republicans regardless of their vol- ing record as a campaign year party worker. II tends to dispose jf speculation that He would boll >f that he had third party ideas. Political Washington views Wal- acc as a man who :Cincls his own .Hililical aiturc in the DemocraUc parly and who intends to stay in- r> ihe pasture working i'or acceptance of his own ideas in the shaping of future platforms. Margarine, Salad Oil to Cost More Washington. Sept. 25 — (/Pi — Prices' for margarine, shortening and salad and cooking oils hoadcd Oklahoma line. Work is expected lo slarl within a shorl time. -o— Continued on Two loday. Thompson said Beavers has also refused lo ulter a word during this time and "pretends to be asleep all the time.' He indicated that a psychiatrist I may bo called in soon to examine young Beavers who is accused of ravishing 15-year-old Ailecn Lockhart, pretty redhead, and strangling her to death with her pert red and white blouse. Her body was found on a country club golf course. The Tazewell sheriff also revealed that Beavers feigned complete ignorance of the girl's death at Ihe lime he was charged and lold authorities that if he killed her, he recalled nothing of the act. Ailecn met death after returning from Knoxville, Tenn., where she had gone with her older sister, Dorothy. Her bus driver told police thai al Brislol, Tenn., Beavers Continued on Page Two - ft-f-••'•' : ' : .--"'ii-r°----i"' '• i "••'*•»' * Slavs Ask U.S. to Close Reading Room By NORMAN MONTEL'LIER Belgrade, Sepl. 25 —(UP)—Yugoslavia has asked the Uniled States Moscow System PuzztesBbth War Courts By TOM 'LAMBERT Tokyo, Sept. 25 —(/P)—Owen Cunningham, one of the defense attorneys in the international war ' eS lcrcld a possible general strike c*. unless the leader of the striking power urtion, is released-from'jail. 'A power strike forced,steel mills lo cut production in the sprawling Pittsburgh area today and made 20,000 workers idle in the nations most -seriousi;labor: dispute. Other labor developments: : 'l. Secretary, of Labor Lewis B. Schwellenbach ,sought-to- avert another nationwide shipping strike by r , t ;^,- callihg the disputants. into confer-- v \ cnce. ' ••'•••. -"•'•;', : -'-••:•"- - •** ' 2." A strike i.:by --. engineers and technical persbnnel^disruptcd radio broadcasts-at : Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, -Springfield . and Hull, teSfffi ' -scow all activities of Ihe U. S. Information Service on grounds that Yugoslavs arc openly incited to "high Naturally GOP Blames the Democrats By D. HAROLD OLVER 'Washington, Sept. 25 — (/Pi— Republicans, seizing upon President Truman's assertion that this country is in as great an emergency now as when Pearl Harbor was hit, came back today with "whose fault is if." Declaring that the emergency Soviet Leadership Seems to Have Altered Its Way, Plan of Thinking By GLENN BABB AP Foreign News Analyst (Substituting for MacKenzie) will continue "until we can peace and production,' Mr. get Truman added in his first major 'hrust into the. congressional campaign, "that's the program of the Demo- crutic parly.' In an informal address to upward today. An OPA official told reporter ceilings for consumer packages of these items will have to be raised "at leasl two cenls" as a result of a decision by Stabilization Director John R. Steclman that higher prices arc justified for oil ingredients. Sleclman, called into arbitrate dispute between OPA and the Agriculture Department, sided with the latter agency in announcing his dc cisiun last light. The Agreulture Department had contended thai a price boost was necessary to assure adequate production uf cottonseed oil. "Under the new price control law the department has authority to order ;in ou this ground. jroup of 39 Democratic nominees ruin 17 slates who called at the vhilc House yesterday, the prcsi- lont charged the Republicans with 'obstructionisl tactics' and called 'or the election of a Congress in sympathy with the 1944 DemocraUc platform. Carroll Rcecc. chairman of the Republican National Committee, responded in a statement to reporters that "if we arc in as great an emergency as Mr. Truman indicates, whose fault is it'?' "He and his administration have been in power with overwhelming majority in both branches of Congress.' Reecc added. "No leader- Joseph Stalin last Feb. f) told his people that capitalism breeds wars and announced' inauguration of a now five-year plan lo insure "our counlry x x against any eventuality. A few days later he called on the Red Army to "make the border of our motherland impregnable against enemies." Abroad and nl home Ihcsc stalemenls were interpreted as meaning thai Hie Russian leader did nol believe lhal the two worlds of capitalism and communism could exist together in peace and thai he was calling on his people lo gird for Ihe inevitable conflict. It appears thai in the lasl seven months there has been a change in the thinking of Soviel leadership. Al leasl il would appear that Stalin has found it desirable to modify somewhat..the average Soviet citi- ons picture of the non-Russian For yesterday (Tuesday) in a tartling statement as widely pub- icizcd in Russia as outside Stalin declared that he believed uncondi- ionally "in the possibility of a riendly and lasting collaboration of he Sovicl Union and wcslern democracy dcspile the existence of doological discord and in friendly competition between tho two sys- ems.' "Communism in one coun- Mr. over ship has been in evidence. Truman is simply in water his head." Mr. Truman hud pointed lo Recce and two oilier Republicans in voicing his contention of G.O.P. "obstruction and describing the Democratic party as "the party progress.' "1 don't see how any voter who thinks at all could vote lor the the president asserted. "II ,i.s just Reoec-Tafl - Crawford program, impossible. The difficulties wilh which we are faced now , - nv Continued on Page Two chu port that these had a reassuring effect on the Russian public, which appears lo have been more worried aboul Ihe prospect of standing against a hostile encirclement than was realized outside it seems obvious thai Slalin's remarks were tddressed lo his own people as much us lo outside world. Jusl what psychological objective he was driving al remains obscure. Qul Russians doubtless were glad '.o be assured lhal the United States' monopoly of the atomic bomb can nol lasl long, which the Americans themselves had admit- ;cd from the first. And non-Russians may find still greater reassurance in Stalin's flat statement that "use of tlic atomic bomb will be prohibited.' Docs that mean '.hat Moscow is ready to meet the Uniled States and other nations nalfway in the search :Cor u covenant to outlaw the dread weapon? The Slalin statement will be studied anxiously and intensively around the world for guidance as lo Ihe real direction of Moscows policy. Has there been a change of heart in the Kremlin? Arc its leaders abujring the concept of a Soviet Union encircled (by potential enemies living according to a system with which communism can not compromise '.'Arc they now ready to admit Ihe possibility of the Iwo great divisions of mankind living together in reasonable peace and harmony? If so, the out- treason' by its distribution of "anti-Yugoslav propaganda,' it was announced today. Officials said the request 'v>as made Sunday night in a note delivered to the U. S. embassy by the Yugoslav foreign office. Yugoslav authorities said the decision reached by the ministry of foreign affairs was "final and that the USIS "must, cease operations.' The Yugoslav note charged that USIS had distributed hostile articles written by Eric L. Pridonoff, a former embassy commercial at- tache. Richard Brcese, director of the USIS office and an atlache of the U. S. embassy were hold responsible by the Yugoslavs for distributing the Pridonoff articles and "other hostile articles.' Some of Ihe Pridonoff'pieces recently appeared in the Los Angeles Examiner. Brccsc, who will leave by plane for the Uniled Slalcs tomorrow, said tho Pridonoff arliclcs were not distributed by USIS. He explained thai the arlicles were reproduced on a mimeograph borrowed by USIS by an unidentified American employed by the U. S. government. Brcosc said the arlicles were reprinlcd "for circulation amoni, people who knew Pridonoff and naturally were interested in what he wrote about Yugoslavia." An American embassy spokesman said Ihe unidentified American was a friend of Pridonoffs. Yugoslav officials said they die not object to American publica- :ry' — as opposed to the former Soviet thesis of world revolution. "is fully possible, especially in •uch a Union, counlry us the Stalin continued. Soviet Even with Russia advancing further to- tions carrying anti-Yugoslav articles. but lhal publications circulat od in bulk must first be ,-ipprovcc by Tanjug, the official government news agency. They said the Prid onoff arlicles "falsely piclurc the. situation in Yugoslavia, conlaii slanders and grave insults to the Yugoslav people, and had the in tcnlion of worsening Yugoslav American relations.' The American reading room ii Belgrade has been operating, along with the French and British reading rooms, for more than a year. Documentary films and -other mo- lion piclurcs arc shown there and American newspapers and books arc made available lo the public. Its main activity, however, has look for the world turns brighter. However, one theme outstanding in Ihe flurry of reaction' already recorded is: watch Slalin's deeds, not words. His statement nearly been the distribution of daily coincided an American note charging Moscow with failing lo ward communism, possibilities for fulfill ils Yalta promises to give peaceful collaboration with the out- the former enemy satcllilcs a lift ' side world need not decrease "but can even increase,' lie declared. With this new line of thought the Soviet premier coupled a profession of confidence that no new war is in the making and remarks calculated to case the anxieties of his own people concerning the atomic , bomb. Dispatches from Moscow re- main unfulfilled. toward recovery. Although Stalin reaffirmed the PoUdam agreement as the bond between Russia and America, the American position slill is thai many of Ihe Polsdam pledges, especially Ihosc of democracy and fundamental liberties lo the peoples of eastern Europe, re- news bulletin obtained from American broadcasts. "Our authorities several times have warned the American reading room lo cease such activilies which violated Yugoslav press laws — and Ihe activities continued, "Yugoslav officials said. The Yugoslav nol a described the reading room and the USIS anti-Yugoslav here: 'How can we reconcile the of justice with that of the democracies?" Cunningham, a DCS Moines attorney, just returned 'rom Nuernberg where he conferred with Joachim Von Ribbentrop in search of evidence to help his particular ormer ambassador to Germany. Speaking of the introducliort into the Nuernberg evidence of a Russo-German pact to divide Poland, Cunningham said: "On the one hand Russia was :o-author of a law making agres- ive warfare a crime; on the other land she was co-conspirator in a crime thus created. It did not and docs nol make sense.' Neither is it good logic that Russia should be one of the prosecutors in the case against former Pro- nier Tojo and others, he contin-, ued. He declared Ihat Russia is prosecuting Japan for planning to divide China and yet Russia agreed at Yalta to divide China. (Pro- sumably, he referred to the Yalta approval of the Sino-Sovicl treaty giving Russia joint control with Railway, a 30-year lease of Port China of the South Manchurian Railway, a 30-year lease of Port Arthur and declaring Dflircii an open port under joint Sino-Sovicl conlrol.) Of Ihe Nuernberg war crimes cases, in which a decision is due soon, Cunningham speculated "if any one is acquitted, I predict lie will be Iljalmar Schacht,' Hitler's finance expert. "Former Foreign Minister Von Ncuralh has u pretty fair chance of acquittal and Diplomat Fran/. Von Papon also. "It is difficult to sec how Ihoy can condemn Rudolph Hess lo death. Cunningham predicted "leniency, if not acquittal' for admirals Do- cnitx and Racdcr. Of Generals Kcitel and Jodl, he said, "it is difficult to reconcile punishment for those men with our position in world affairs." He said allied generals and other high ranking officers "certainly arc not in favor of holding military leaders responsible for political decisions jf their governments. ' He predicted thai the Nuernberg U'fcndants "who promoted and executed the persecution of minor- lies will be conviclcd and executed' bul labelled as "fanlaslic and mosl difficult' any attempt ihe alies to convict such German organizations as the SS, SA and Hitler Youth. the' Westinghpuse" chain. , ...„—, 3. A strike hi the motion picture- •' industry appeared ;almost inevitable as Hollywood unions demanded that movie ; producers rchirc carpenters and painters discharged in a .jurisdictional union, dispute. At Pittsburgh, George L. Muel- ", ler, president of an independent union of power workers, was sentenced to one year'in-jail after refusing to'call off - the power _ strike.- • • He'was charged with contempt of court. His union had been prohibited from striking in an injunction, granted by coirimon pleas court to the city of Pittsburgh. The strike closed five steel mills and six mines. Street car service- was cut in half,-department stores were .closed and lighting and 'elevator service were curtailed. The strike hit an area of 817 square miles inhabited by about 1;500,000 persons. Union officials said that despite Mueller's conviction the walkout would .. continue. . Tho Duquesne Light and Power Co., against whom the strike was directed, announced that its power output was Continued on Page Two — o—: Arkansas Navy Admiral Gets New Post Washington, " ScpC" 25 -^ ftpf.— Adm. W.H.P. Blandy, who directed the two atom bomb tests in the. Pacific, is taking comjnand of the 8th Fleet in the Atlantic as part o£ a shuffle on top navy jobs in the next few months. At present, the 8lh Flecl is nothing mo.rc than a paper force without ships. Blandy, in assuming command in December, will replace Ad. Marc-- A. Mitsclier who lias been named chief of the Atlantic fleet, comprising the 8th and two other fleets. In navy circles it was thought that. Blandy's assignment would be only temporary, pending his pointment to anathcr big job. ap- as "the center of propagnda which openly incited Yugoslav citizens to high treason.' Government authorities said the USIS published news hostile to tho Yugoslav regime, including the American note on the forcing dov.n of U. S. military planes 11 Yugoslavia. -o- Two Men Injured in Accident Near Ozan Two Ozan men were seriously hurt in an automobile accident near Ozan lasl night, when the cur in which they were riding collided with a truck. Aulry Smead sustained chest in juries and 'was hospilalizcd a Nashville while Billy Higgason su* t'crcd a broken leg. He was brought to a Hope hospital. Tht automobile was demolished. Another shift that caused spec-. ulation was Ihe assignmentof Vice Adm. Louis JS. Dcnfeld, chief of naval personnel, to commander of the Pacific fleet. Denfeld, reportedly in line eventually for the top spot as chief of naval operations, will relieve Adm. John H. Towers, who is retiring next February. Oilier forthcoming shifts: Vice Adm. William Fechtcler to he job of personnel chief. He is a 'ormcr assistant commander of Battleships and cruisers of the Atlantic flctl. Vice Adm. Edward L. Cochranc, chief of the bureau of ships, to chief of the material division. He replaces Adm, Ben Moreell, who is retiring. Vice Adm. Earl W. Mills, deputy chief of the bureau of ships, who will be elevated to Cochrane's old post. Mills formerly is of Nashville, Ark. Rear AAn. James L. Hollowuy, Jr., assislanl chief of naval personnel, to superintendent of the Naval Academy at Annapolis. He will replace Vice Adm. Aubrey W. Fitch, retiring in January. Rear Adm. Felix L. Johnson, an assistant chief of personnel, to the post cf director of public relations. He succeeds Vice Adm. Arthur S. Carpender, who will retire in November. ...j...

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