Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 19, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, September 19, 1946
Page 1
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Page Sfx 1, !*'• fe Bulgaria's Ex-Boy King to Egypt By EDWIN B. GREENWALD Istanbul, Sept. 18 A boy king who lest his throne came out of Bulgaria today etiroute to Egypt to join his royal grandpa in exile. Pale and almost bewildered, nine-year-old Simeon .the son the late" King Boris and last the Cpburg dynasty which crumbled in ; the- recent plebiscite, arrived on-a -small special train di- tfect from Sofia. There was none of the pomp •Monarchs know, only masses of people. drawn by the lure of nobility. He stared straight ahead as police whisked him from the S kedji station to a wharf across the Golden Horn. There he boarded the Turkish steamship Aksn and sailed this afternoon for Alexandria. With him were his Queen Mother loanna, his 13-year-old sister Ma'rie Louise and Princess Evdoxie. sister of Boris. Expected to be waiting for them in Egypt is aging Vittorio Emanucle of Italy, the ia- ther of Simeon's mother. The royal party was tired and haggrd. It left Sofia yesterday, the!'day"after issuance of a proclamation establishing Bulgaria as a republic and sweeping Simeon from the throne to which .Jhc Ascended upon the sudden and mysterious death of Boris in September, 1943. Wallace Talk Made to Order foHCpmmuriists London, Sept. 18 — (&)—A Pravda editorial broadcast from Moscow today said the New York speech by Secretary of Commerce Henry A. Wallace showed signs of uneasiness in the United States that American policy might lead to "disastrous consequences." The Communist party newspaper said Wallace "was compelled to make some very significant admissions." "Wallace could not deny," said the editorial, "the-existence *>' dangerous impsrialist '""•tendencies in the U. S. A. and Britain and said that if the Americans managed to overcome imperialist tendencies in the western world there would be no war. xxx "There is no doubt that this speech xxx reflects the uneasiness of the more far-sighted elements in the U. S. A. in connection with those disastrous consequences to which the further strengthening of imperialist militarist tendencies in American policy- may lead." Wallace, Pravda said, "pointed out that the U. S. A. wa s^rmin" itself to the teeth and thct the American press was, in most cases, propagating the idea of war, in the. hope of intimidating the Soviet Union." "Wallace describes this as criminal foolishness,' the newspaper continued, adding: "We can agree with this descrip- 4irtr> ** f- -~ Fire Fatality in Hot Springs Reaches Three Hot Springs, Sept. 18. — (IP\— Jim D. Truitt ,89. of Miami, Fla., today became the third person to die from injuries suffered in a fire which destroyed the Great Northern hotel here early last Saturday. Truitt died at a Hot Springs hospital. He is survived by his wife, Mrs. Love Truitt. who has accompanied Truitt on a visit here. She escaped injury in the fire. Private funeral services are to be conducted here tomorrow. Meanwhile, firemen and Hot Springs and state authorities continued to search ruins of the hotel building for bodies of any other persons who might have perished. o Sherrill Is New Episcopal Bishop Philadelphia, 'Sept. 18 —OT—The Rt. Rev. Henry Knox Sherrill, D. D.. 55-year-old bishop of Massachusetts, today was unanimously elected the new presiding bishop of the Protestant Episcopal church in the U.S.A. The 153 - member House of- Bishpps received only two other nominations for the post to be vacated Dec. 31 by the Rt. Rev. Henry St. George Tucker of Rich mpnd. Va.. who has reached retirement age. the Others nominated were Bishops W. Bertram Stevens of Los Angeles and Richard R.E.L. Strider of West Virginia. A moment after the bishons had completed their closed balloting. the house of deputies — comprised of lay and clerical delegates— ratified the selection, also voting unanimously. ^ house of deputies also voted unanimous concurrence with the action of the House of Bishops in amending the church's marriage and divorce canons. The canon, which becomes the law of the church, permit remarriage of divorced church yncmbers at the discretion of individual dioceses., Previously, only innocent parties in divorces granted because of adultery were permitted to remarry. -HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Vednesday, September 18, 1946 FDR Insisted 01 Invasion F om West Nu- York. Sept. 18 —(UP)—The Late President Roosevelt was quot ;i today as saying that he in- sistc on invasion of Europe irom the 'esl instead of through the Balk us because he could "see no reas i for putting the lives of Atnc ican soldiers in jeopardy to prot :t real or fancied British in- tere s in Europe." M Roosevelt's remark was mac public by his son, Elliott, in an E tide in Look magainze, which also disclosed that the late president said after the Cairo and Tehran 3ig Three conferences that "the one thing that could upset the pplccart" after the war iould be < division of the world into Soviet and anti-Soviet blocs. Ri >scvclt, who accompanied his fath r to both parleys, said that Win :on Churchill tried to convince his 3ig Three partners 'that Europe should be invaded from he scut rather than from the west aec; ise he wanted to keep the Red Army out of > the Balkans. Roo evelt said his father and Soviet remier-Stalin both wanted a n invasion because they be it was the quickest way to end he war. otible is,' he quoted his lath- he P. M. (Churchill) is thinking o much of the postwar period, nd where England will be. scared 6f letting the Russians too strong. Maybe the Rus- He's get slant.will get strong in Europe. Whether that's bad depends on a whoe lot of factors. this live war and; Short Calls for Stronger Bases in the Pacific he one thing I'm sure of is If the way to save American the way to win as short a as possible, is from the west from the 'west alone, then tion Pravda declared that "it is known that the American policy of economic subjugation of the British empire, as the price for support of British reactionary colonial policy, was the basis for the establishment of the so-called Anglo- Saxon bloc." "American troops together with British troops exercise police functions in the near east," it said. "American military equipment is used for suppression of the Indonesian national movement. But, notwithstanding all this, the military agreement between the U. S. A. and Canada finally excluses this oldest dominion from the political orbit of London. Delegates inst Proposal By ROBERT J. MANNING Lake Success, N. Y. Sept. 17 — (UP)— Thirty-seven year old Andrei Gromyko of Russia today inherited the presidency of the United •Nations security council and the dubious honor of presiding over the defeat of his effort to indict British-Greek policy in the Balkans. Delegates lined uo almost unanimously against the Soviet proposal to censure Britain for maintaining troops in Greece and to demand specific concessions from the Greek government. Some of them conceded privately that even if Groyko forces them to vote down the Russian proposal, his objective will have been partly won. They contended that the Russian delegate and Uk- that{s that. I see no reason for putijng the lives of American sol- dieis in jeopardy in order to pro- tcctj real or fancied British interests in Europe." Elliott said his father told him regarding the conferences that "the biggest thing was in making clear to Stalin that the United States and Great Britain were not aligned in one common bloc against the Soviet Union." "I think we've got rid of, that idea, once and for all. the late president was quoted. "I hope so. The one tiling that could upset xhe {applecart, after the war, is if the vorld is divided again, Russia against England and us." The article disclosed Churchill violently opposed appointment of Gen. George C. Marhall to head the European inva- ion, which subsequently was lee jy Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. "If there's one American general Winston can't abide, it's Gen oral Marshall,' the late presiden vas quoted. "And, needless to say, t's because Marshall is right (on a western invasion). I hope, some day .everybody in America wil realize what a debt they owe 'ieorge Marshall." the Anglo-Saxon powers, is subjected to the strongest pressure on the part of the U. S, A. and will obviously be compelled to yield its island bases in the Pacific." "American aspirations to work hegemony, which have very greatly gained in strength since the war," the editorial concluded, "are fanned by the activity of the I American war machine in their that Honolulu, Sept. 18 —Ml— Rep. Deey Short (R-Moi senior mem 1 ber of the House Military Affairs committee, wants stronger American bases in the Pacific because "a strong policy is the only way to discourage and prevent uirthcr Russian expansion." Short said the six committeemcn who have been touring U. S. Military establishments in the Pacific and far east favor strengthening the defenses of Alaska, vhe Aleutians, Hawui, Iwo Jinui, Okinawa, Guam and Saipan. "We must be absolutely impregnable," he told interviewers. "1 think we should build a dofense ring around southern Kyushu" (Japan.) "We should hold onto." Pacific islands now under United States control but formerly mandated to Japan, he added, "until the'United Nations is functioning property, with an international police force that can .keep the peace." Preacher Made Love, Read Scripture Kansas City, Sept. 10 —(.-7)—A 46- year-old married preacher awaited a federal court sentence today on a conviction of violating the Mann act, after a IG-ycar-oid girl described love milking and .scripture ending with him in his parked car. Only once did the composure of •oung Opal Mac Mulford break as he testified before a jury yesler- lay that she had been intimate vilh George Russell Payne en tour accasions after reading aloud to lim from the scriptures on their vay home together from church neetings. She buried her head in her arms md sobbed when Payne's attorney, Vlica D. Konomos, asked why she repeatedly had eluded authors ies to avoid testifying against the jreacher. She escaped federal authorities three times. "I didn't want Payne sent to prison," she answered finally. Payne looked away from \he girl and shook nervously, tugging at lis long red moustache. He did not take the stand in his own defense and listened without emotion as the verdict was read. His wife sat nearby, listening attentively. The jury recommended leniency. "God save him," Oaple i'\Iae had ?^F?^u^ -® sobbed atearlie r hearing She 'ainian Foreign Minister Dmitri Vlanuilsky, who brought the charges against Greece and Britain before the council, had succeeded in using the days old debate t obtain wide puUliClty for lllt'Il" Bl- legations against Greek and British activities in the Soviet dominated Balkans. As he assumed the chairmanship for the first time, Gromyko was required to seek a vote on one of two formal proposals — his own resolution, completely unacceptable to the western Dowers, or an Australian demand" that the council move on to new business without giving further thought to the Ukrainian complaint. The latter would be subject to a Russian veto, while Britain and the United States with their Big Five veto powers led opposition to the Soviet resolution. tearfully told reporters ili Tulsa last April that "they are going to try to make me say that George is a 'big brute and took advantage of a wayward little brat. I could never convince them that George is a good man." The couple was arrested in Payne's parked car last Jan. 18. Opal had testified that she usually read aloud from the Bible, "but that night the light had burned out. Nothing happened that night except that \ye embraced." Payne will be sentenced Friday on the conviction of a federal charge of transporting the girl across the state line from the church meetings he conducted twice weekly Jn Kansas City, Kas., to her home in Kansas City, Mo. "That same Australia, which has policy of seizing bases and bridge- recently been playing the role of I heads far beyond the boundaries the most active armor bearer of of American territory." They've gotten "oy with that kind of dictating—so it's real relief to know the thing is going to stop somewhere. LARGE ORDER Kansas City. Sept. 18 — (fP) — Adult sponsors of the 102 boys at the boys' orphan home here were buying them the works, tor the asking. ,at the Ringling Brolhers-Bar- num Bailey circus — peanuts, crackerjacks. spun iloss candy, pink .lemonade, fancy paper hats. Suddenly one four - year - old rugged excitedly at the arm of nis benefactor, Jim Nourse. "I want that," he said. It was an elephant. Nourse carefully explained the problems of elephant housing, anc pacified his charge with another box of crackerjacks. Alaska's official flower-is the for get-me-not. BOTTLED UNDER AUTHORITY Of THE COCA-COtA COMPANY BY HOPE COCA-CQtA &OTTUNG CO. Phone 3?2 Second and Uwiiisna 5tJ. Hesnz Fresh Cucumber Can No. 5 can a No. 5 can Big League Canned No. 2 Can Hershey's Chocolate Dole or Del Monte Pineapple JUICE Bud White SYRUP Staley's Golden Sweetose SYRUP Jane Parker C A V C CARAMEL f\ l\ C, SQUARES 23 oz. Harris WHITE CRAB MEAT ^ IONAPEAS No. 2 can! 5 C DEL MONTE SPINACH No2 CC , nl6c PREMIUM CRACKERS .... Ib. box 23c Armour's Star CORN BEEF HASH Ib. can 24c CREAM CORNSTARCH pkg. 12c SWIFT'S PREM 12 oz. can 33c No. 2 can } 3 C 16c 48c 49c 52c lona TOMATO JUICE OREGON and VEGETABLES We Reserve the Right to Limit Quantities— None Sold to Merchants Bright Sail Soap O Fresh TO Crisp LET Honey bew • • 'b. ctn. • . • Head Delicious APPL ES .2 Ibs. Tokay — R ed . GRAPES o 11• • . £. IDS COLORADO YELLOW 0 N ! 0 N S i u - S. No. 1 ] C r Bleached CELER Texas ' Lbs. • . stalk • . . Ib. Fresh CORN. & ^ o ears Idaho PRUNES ... o iu_ 25p *. IDS. •"•«B^*ta, Russeff POTATOES .... 5 Ibs. Z 50 18c Soap Flakes Pkg. Soap Flakes White House Evaporated Dei Monte Crushed Rajah No. 2 Can 16 oz. Jar 2lc >9c Swift's Jewel FRESH DRESSED Ib. ROUND STEAK SIRLOIN STEAK RIB — 10 INCH CUT GROUND ROAST ,„. 35c MEAT T BONE af*B f^^W* A 3 f ib47c STEAK So light and lender ov^r [ 3,000,000 are enjoyed, levery d^y! SEVEN - SHOULDER POT Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn • 'i New Sewage '1 Plant Milestone V in City's Growth As announced yesterday the City 4 of Hope let contract Tuesday night t. for construction of a now sewage disposal plant lo cost $155,200. Building of the new plant will eliminate the odorous rock filler, installation just west of town on ; U, S. 07, as well as the lessor- known sewage tank on the Spring Hill road. While this is a costly undertaking whose benefits the public is apt to ,!ake for granted, the record will i^tlfcw it is a work thai is Ions over- 'duc. Way back in 192!) engineers were reporting lo the city council that Hope's sewage disposal was designed for a town of 3.000 population, and oven then Hope hart 6,000. Today's 10,000 population simply means lhal our people have outgrown one of their primary utilities, and its replacement today is something thai must be pro-rated over lhc years when reckoning the cost. ^Hope is fortunate in one respect: n has the money lo dc Ihings. But unfortunate in another: We seldom spend lhat money until the moment of utmost necessity. There is this difference between private and public business the one opcr Hope WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Mostly cloudy this alt- ernoon, tonight and Friday; showers Friday and in northwest portion tonight, cooler in northwest portion Friday. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 289 Star of Hooe. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1946 (API—Means Associated HreM . . . (NEA)—Means Newsoooer Enterorlse Asi'n. PRICE 5c COPY Maritime Strike Unchanged; Car Workers Go Out Kroger Super Market Opens By United Press ' The CIO maritime strike re- i maincd dcadk Iced today, while 1 labor disputes in the automobile I industry kept 56,000 workers away i rom Detroit area production lines. ] n other labor developments: 1 .Disruption of telephone service at Houston threatened to spread throughout Texas. 2. A 156-day strike was settled at the Springfield, 111. farm, equipment plant of Allis-Chahncrs Manufacturing Co. 3. Negotiations were continued in | an attempt 'to end a work stoppage which has halted production at the Gary, Ind., Sheet and Tin Mill of Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corp. 4. Railway express and brewery workers in Atlanta, Ga., -ettied disputes with, management and greed to return to work. Fifteen ships manned by non- striking AFL crews left New York harbor yesterday, the first to weigh anchor in two weeks. But the CIO {II 1U IJUUlll. ULI3J I H-.f»£l H HJ ut IV- \JjJi~ i ,, . , ,. . , ... ales for the profit and comfort of shipping strike continued with no sin of an earl settlement. The the owner, which means that must always have money to hn C 1 0 . fend himself against competition: while in public business the measuring stick is public service rather than financial statements. „£. Your correspondent feehi thai while Ihe new sewage plant contract is a milestone in the city's history, still ..^ is a milestone of the neglected crasl. The cly's most forward-looking projects belong to those accomplished or planned for Fair Park—the construction of the sign of an early settlement. The walkout has tied up 75 per cent of the nation's merchant fleet. The Marine Engineers Beneficial Association, an independent unio affiliated with the CIO Committee for Maritime Unity, met last night to discuss plans for joining the walkout. Sept. 30. The union demands a 3.i per cent wage increase and a closed shop. The shipping strike spread lo French vessels when French seamen, members of the World Fed- Cold Air Mass Moving Slowly From Rockies Chicago, Sept. 19 — (/P)—A cold air mass which was expected to bring subnormal temperatures to the midwest generally by the week end moved slowly down the Rocky I Mountain slope today, scattering, snow on Wyoming and western Nebraska. The cooler weather will be Jol- owcd by rains in some sections of the Mississippi valley at temperatures generally 10 to 15 degrees or more below normal, the weather bureau said. ' The cold front -moved southward from Canada yesterday ,leaving H inches of snow at Butlc, Montana, and driving the mercury down to 47 degrees at Denver, 31 degrees under there. the 'previous day's high Fair Park—the construction ot the craUon o f Trade Unions with which Livestock Show buildings in which lhc CIO js affl liated, voted to quit work during the strike. Automobile prod u c t i o n was slowed by the biggest shutdown the city had a substantial hand; and the ssvimmnt; pool projected for 1047. And finally, to return to an old theme of ours, Hope needs very a public recreation building or theater, convcrlion, and Winter sport. The new Saenger theater, as you know, will be rebuilt without a singe — checking it up to the community as to whether or not we expect to furnish ourselves with lh<> facilities for staging concerts and road shows. And of course the public recreation building would give us our first big-time auditorium for basketball. Or, rather, this basketball question poses a moot question: Can one building be built to ccomodale both floor-sports basketball. wrestling —Hope Star photo The Kroger company formally opened its. new super-market at 419 South Main Street at 8:30 o'clock Thursday morning. The photo shows exterior of the building and first-day crowd which gathered Monday morning when Kroger transferred its stock from the former location to its new store. such an'tj boxing; and at the sarn'c time allow' the conventional seating arrangements required by concerts and stage shows? Here's something we need special information on. It seems to me the city ought to send out observers in Ihe next few months to find out what other towns have done aboul Ihis — determining whether they built a combination structure to perform both services, or built a conventional auditorium and switched .lloor sports to some other struc- *uire such as a National Guard armory. -o- to Berlin, Sept. 19 — (UPI— Helmut Sperling, Hi, 5011 of the Third Reich, boasted to his pretty Cousin today that he and his gang of "werewolves' would avenge Hitler's death. Helmuts cousin was frightened | s y his remarks. She reported them to American authorities. They hud heaui the same story many times before and were .inclined io Jiltrib- ue part of it to vivid imagination and wishful thinking. While youths in other lands (liuokcd forward to football and ;!ra- ternily dances, Helmut looked forward lo killing. His Hitler-Jugcnd uniform was gone. His country was defeated; his father, dead. Bui in his heart the Nazi ideal was alive and burning. "We i'ight illegally, underground or our ideas — just like the ant- Fascists Jought underp-'ound. 'Against oppression, for freedom —that's our slogan,' Helmut explained to his cousin. "The whole former Hitler-.higend ^ins secret, nests of resistance; "pread all over Berlin,' he said. "In the I< rench-occupicd sector, since the General Motors slriko last winter. Actually there were only three disputes involving directly loss than 6,000 workers. Thousands of others, however, were forced inlo idleness. Slale Medialor Robcrl E. Lmns- ney moved in lo seek settlement of the dispute, involving less than 2,000 workers . at the Briggs body plant, which supplies bodies and parts for Chrysler and Packard. As a result of the strike, the Packard final assembly line was clown with 1,100 employes idle, and Chrysler laid off 31,300. Chrysler a,lso had a' strike of its own inVBlving: 4,000 .workers at the Dodge tvftck .iplant,,** Across lhc Detroit river, a strike by 4,00 Chrysler workers at Windsor and Chatham, Ont., entered its 95lh day. In the telephone . dispute, the Southwestern Telephone Workers Union threatened to disrupt .service in almost every city in Texas in sympathy for Houston workers who have quit work in Continued on Page Two o Trieste Pact to Stand U.S. Warns Bloc By JOSEPH DYNAN Paris, Sept. 19 (fl 1 )—The United Stales served nolice onlhc Slavic bloc today that the four power agreement on Trieste and the Italian-Yugoslav frontier was "all one decision" which would stand together or not at all. JamoC. Dunn, U. S. ambassador to Italy, told the Ilalian political commission of the peace conference thai the American agreement included the crealio of a truly free slate of Trieste. "The Unled Slalcs' agreement Wallace Backs Down After Talk By LYLE C. WILSON Washington, Sept. 19 — (UP)— Secretary of Commerce Henry A. Wallace has refused to take part in the Democratic .congressional campaign unless President Truman permits him to discuss foreign policy, the United Press was informed today. Wallace silenced himself on all subjects after rejecting Mr. Truman's proposal that he address the voters on domestic issues only. His speaking engagements have been cancelled until the end of the Paris peace conference. i Within minuls after that tern- I porary adjustment of. the cabinet crisis had been achieved, the White House made public a joint letter from the secretaries of war and navy sharply challenging either Wallace's facts or his veracity. Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson and Secretary of Navy James Forrestal wrote that there was no truth in Wallace's etater ment published Wednesday that Interior view of the Kroger super market. to one part of lhal program,' he said, "is contingent on the acceptance of all parts of lhat decision and Ihe creation of real rights and gunrantes lo assure Ihe free territory's security and integrity. 1 Dunn spoke during discussion of the free territory's boundaris. Slav delegates want these I'cstrict- ed to the cily proper and Soufli Africa wants them cnarlcd along the Istrian coast southward. Dunn reminded lhc commission that the Belgrade agreement cstab- lishing two zo.ncs of military occupation along the "Morgan line' 'did 101 recognize Yugoslav claims in Islria and "in no way' would in- iluence the ultimate division. "When the foreign ministers council decided, July 3, 1946, to cede all territory cast of the French line to Yugoslavia, it also The Kroger store staff, left to right: Mrs. Mary Lou R eed, Mrs. Jamie Smith, Miss Loree Hare, Miss Vera Williams, Jessie Reed, store manager; Harold Kelley, Ivan Williams, market manager; Jack Hardesty, Garland May, and Paul Johnson, produce manager. school of military thought advocated immediate attack on Russia— before the Soviets can obtain atomic bombs. The fact that the White House made the Pattcrson-Forres- tal letter public was in itself: a presidential rebuke to Wallace. Mr. Truman met Wallace yesterday in a two and one halt; hour White House conference. It was assured then that Wallace woulcl remain :in the .c.ablnet.: : But; nek hwr.c than a' truce has been obtained in the cabinet crisis which confronts the president. He still is in the middle between Wallace and Secretary of State James F, Byrnes although the showdown has been postponed, perhaps until after the elections. When the secretary of commerce met with Mr. Truman at the White House, the president objected to Wallace's anti-administration foreign policy -speeches during the critical Paris geace talks. The two men met at first alone, the United Press was informed. Mr. Truman told Wallace he wanted above everything to have him remain in the cabinet but that his speeches were disturbing n very delicate situation in Paris. They also were disturbing Byrnes who was expected to resign if Wallace continued. Mr. Truman said that if Wallace would avoid foreign policy speeches it would be in the national interest. But he urged Wallace .o continue in the campaign to discuss domestic issues. . Wallace bluntly rejected that idea. He later told reporters he had come to the conclusion that ie couldn't speak at all because ne was an honest man. Ho told Mr. Truman he would not speak unless he could discuss foreign policy. Mr. Truman could not permit that, to keep Byrnes in the cabinet, and maintain the bi-partisan approach to foreign policy which the administration has sought in the past few months. Later Mr. Truman summoned White House Secretary Charles G. Ross to urge Wallace to continue in the campaign where he is the administration's star performer before left wing audiences. Ross failed, too. Wallace is walking out on the Democrats in their most campaign Drop Control of Meat or Mines May Quit-Lewis Washington, Sept. 10 — Iff}— John ' L. Lewis called on the Price Decontrol Board today to remove price controls on meat, saying that, mines in three states are closing down because miners cannot buy meat. . . The United Mine Workers' chief ' told the board in a telegram that "grave unrest" is spreading throughout all the mining areas, because miners "cannot prform the laborious and hazardoud work' of producing coal on a diet o£ " ,, cereals and vegetables. Lewis listed the three states in which the mines are shutting down as Virginia, West Virginia and Kentucky, in the heart of the rich soft'coal belt. The union leaders telegram ' , reached the decontrol board as it opened the second day of its hearings on demands for restoration of price ceilings to dairy products. Lewis asserted that a shortage of meat already has reached "famine proportion" in six southeastern Kentucky counties, which he did not further identify. Aside from going without meat, Lewis added, miners in many localities have been unable to obtain lard and fats for cooking and seasoning. "The very method of price fixing under the OPA," Lewis said, "operates against the distribution of adequate meat supplies to mining areas because the seller can profit more in nearby markets. "Those in the know assert that we face the worst meat shortage ever experienced in the imrnediat weeks to, come unless meat prices are decontrolled. The United Min Workers have consistently opposed the uneconomic, bureaucratic control and price fixing policies of OPA. Every attempt by OPA and the lawmakers to-produce a new •< formula and bolster 'continued controls has resulted in greater failure. ;. .. - „••-... "Therefore, in the interest of a meat supply essential for coal miners to-insure.'an adequate coal , supply-to kesp. the wheels of in- - dustry and transportation moving- and meet the winter, needs of do- m'esjic consumption, we respectful- * ly .request that the de.coijtrol board anoVKHPA ;jrcUhqyism.ithe \ ,_^ ,. reestablished control os meat to'*"" permit a free flo\vof meat prod- • unt c, ' ucts. where 1 live, we Fighl die French. If there is scurnthing big on, we work together with other groups a.'ainsl the Russians. In Zehlendorf (a borough in the U. S. sector i there is a group organized against the Americans. 1 Helmut went on to explain how the "werewolves' get their weapons. "When it is really dark, two or three of us go lo the Friedrich- 9$lra3sc district (in the worst ruins of the Russian sector i and if a Russian comes .along, one of us asks him lur a light. "While he fumbles for it, we jump on him, knock him down and take nis weapons, cigurcls and money. Some of the Russians we kill with knives — so there is no noise. We dump the bodies into the nearby canal.' Helmut and his group consider themselves patriots. They tear up most of the money they steal lo Jessen the danger of inflation. <P ' After all,' Helmut said, earnestly, "we want lo serve our country. 1 One night recently, Helmut said, his gang learned lhat a Russian colonel would pass along u certain street at 10:30 p. in. "Six nf us gol ready to give him the works,' he said. "We waited at the corner. Each cf as had a "log bomb' made of a hair Ionic buttle tilled with certain chemicals. Wlu-n they explode there's a small Hume — llicli the 'lull' decidecr upon the creation of an international zone at Trieste under a statute to be approved by the security council,' he said. "That was all on decision, one agreement.' The commission rejected 17 to one a Braizlian amendment which .vould have fixed the Italian-Yugoslav border north of Trieste near he Morgan line. Only Brazil voted n favor of this proposal .Belgium and China abstained. Other amend- :nenls will be voted on tomorrow. Brook Claxton of Canada urged Mukden, Manchuria Again Is Center of New Conflict, This Time Between Chinese Factions :he Italian poltical commission establish for the projected free state a tribunal similar to the American-Canadian joint commission in the interests of peaceful jetllement of frontier disputes. He said there had been frictions jnd real conflicts of interest be- .ween the United States and Canada over the past century. "The significant point, however,' he said, "is that, to deal with such disputes, the two countries have worked out orderly and judicial processes through the in lernational joint commission." Claxton said the Canadian delegation would support South Africa's proposal to enlarge the Jree ;:one of Trieste to include Italian communities on the Istrian coa^t, because of what he said was the piedominenl Italian population in the area. He reminded the commission lhat. the area was now Italian and not Yugoslav Icrityry. By GLENN BABB AP Foreign News Analyst The anniversary of one of history's turning points slipped by almost unnoticed yesterday. The world is surfeited with .anniversaries recalling tragic and bloody events, and dread of more to come turns men's eyes lo the anxious future rather than the past. | Bui il was on Sept. 18. 1931, that the Japanese Army launched' its conquest of Manchuria, thereby ushering in the most terrible 12 years in the human story. Hislori- *ans a century hence was debate whether the Second World War sheould be dalcd from Japan's 1931 blow at world peace or Hitler's loosing his armies on Poland Sept. 1, 1039. The Japanese adventure constituted the lirst major blow struck by a great power al the world order established after the conflict of 1914-18. It showed the way to Mussolini in Ethiopia .and Albania and to Hitler in Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland. 11 set the Japanese nation, with the Militarists in the saddle, on a course that led ineviUiWy to Pturl Harbor and the destruction of Japan as a major power. The Japanese called thai 1931 affair "the Mudken incident," since it was on the outskirts of that historic Manchurian city that the first Churchill Asks Partnership With Germany critical congressional since 1918. Youth Questioned in Connection With Slaying Litllo Rock. Sept. 19 -(/l>)-SUlc wui , ^ llul lt!tl „„,,.. police were questioning a 19-year- whose support it must have to hold The Paris conference is expected to end in about five weeks. If Wallace then resumes his campaign against Administration Foreign Policy, Byrnes will be more nan ever templed to res n. After next November's election Mr. Truman might be persuaded .to let Byrnes go and hang to Wallace if those were the inescapable alternatives. Wallace is the administration's tie with the powerful left wing- By LUDWIG E. POPPER ~^-*59 Churchill " appealed :"or a partnership of France and a nun- armed Germany as the corner- orc ancima c shols were fired. The Japanese I s one far the organization of old Boone county farm youth today in connection with the- fatal I shooting earlyTuesday of pmer jThomason, 30, near Alpena Pass. Thomason's body was found in his dairy barn. A coroners jury reported that Thomason was shot in the head with a .22 calibre rifle with robbery as the apparent mo- soldiers tampering with the Japanese-owned South Manchuria rail way and had to fire on them. Outside Japan the general belief was that the Japanese Army had manufactured an incident to excuse the launching of a carefully Jaid plan of conquest. At any ra.te the conquest became a fa.ct within the next few months. . Once again Mukden is the center of warlike developments and Manchuria is a battleground .De- spile the continuing efforts of American peacemakers, China's civil war is rising to new heights of ferocity and the chances of negotiated peace arc fading. Gcner- alixximo Chiang Kai.-Shck's own chief of staff, Gen. Chen Cheng, has arrived at Mukden fresh from conferences with his master at ihe summer capital, Killing, and both Nationalists and Chinese Comimi- Coiitinued -ju Pu^c Two Churchill said Germany must be deprived of her power to re-arm, but must be welcomed back into the forefront among ihe European family of nations. The wartime premier warned in a speech at the University of Zurich that Europe still was in great danger, and the atom bomb might eventually disintegrate the entire plea for world. He made a strong French-German unity "This way only can France recover the moral and cultural !cad- tive. Bone County Corner A. C. Chris- lenson held that evidence was sufficient lo hold the youth, a neighbor of Thomason's on suspicion of murder. The youth was brought to Little Rock last night upon request of Boone County Sheriff J.R. Richesin, Sgt. Carl Miller of the state police said. The suspect denied any knowledge of the slaying, officers said. Sgt. Miller described the killing as brutal. Thomason's body was control of Congress this year and to win the White House in 1948. Hauling a memo from his pocket, Wallace read in a loud, clear voice: "The president and the secretary of commerce had a most detailed and friendly discussion, after which the secretary reached the conclusion that he would make no public statements or speeches until the Foreign Ministers Conference in Paris is concluded." Under questioning it developed that Wallace meant the 21 - nation peace conference now meeting in Paris. He answered up smiling that he stood pat on his criticism of Mr. Truman's foreign policy which he informed the president.last July was helping to head the World toward catastrophic atomic war. Wallace said the question of resignation was not raised. Mr. Tru- cover me moral anu cu md •euu- , d , . pimia n y under a cow. man did .however, tell him that no crship ofEurope he sad 11 ee „„,*,, nhcdj m ilk pail and stool cabinet officer could attack Admini- ft can be no revival in Europe without a spiritually great France and a spiritually great Germany." Proposing a council of Europe within the United Nations framework, Churchill said. "Britain and. I trust Russia must be prepared to play a part.' He insisted that Germany must CoutinucU on l^a^e Two i when An upturned milk pail and indicated he was milking killed, ilic police sergeant said. A posse 01 some 50 Boone county citizens joined in a search for the murder weapon which Miller said was found a short distance away ironi the scene of the slaying. i5gi. stration Foreign Policy in Ihe midsl of a louch-and-go peace conference. So Wallace concluded that he would not make any speeches al all. If Ihe peace conference ends, as ex- Group Would Strengthen Pacific Bases By WILLIAM. F. ARBOGAST. Washington, Sept. 19 — (IP)— Five touring lawmakers, home from a six-week Far Eastern inspection trip, said today America must strengthen its military and political positions in the Pacific, Specifically, the five members of the House Military Committee who traveled 38,000 miles since August 10, sa.id they are convinced of the urgency of building up a strong ring of defenses, reaching within striking distance of Russia. While insisting that the groups attitude is not one of belligerency toward the Soviet Union, Rep. John Sheridan (D-Pa), who headed the subcommittee, told reporters the recommendations are intended to insure against any eventuality. The five will prepare a formal report later. The lawmakers held conferences with Gen. Douglas MacArlhur, supreme commander in Tokyo; and will; Gen. George C. Marshall.'who is in Nanking trying to mediate differences between Chinese Nationalists and Communists. In addition to Sheridan the group that made the entire trip included Reps. Sikcs (D-Fla), Short R- Mo), Thomas Martin (R-Ia) and Lcroy Johnson (R-Calif). They were accompanied by Rep. .Feighan D-Ohio of the House Juc''ciary Committee. They visited Alaska, Honolulu, Kwajalcin, Guam, Sai- pan, Iwo Jima, Japan, China, Korea,, Siam, Okinawa, the Philippines and Australia. Sheridan said he favored u de- tensc line anchored iu Alaska and Hawaii, .with supporting bases reaching as far as British possessions off the coast of Australia. From these bases, he said, new long range, ' high speed bombers could dominate the Pacific. Sikes said he favored retention of a strong base on Okinawa in addition to bases in the Philippines, Hawaii, Guam, Saipan, Iwo Jima and Alaska. "The seeds of World War HI already have been sown,' he said. "We must maintain our defenses at a higher rate of efficiency than ever before. I don't expect war, but we can't take a chance,' Perm Railway Faces First Loss in History of Line Washington, Sept. 19 — WV- Vice President Walter S. Franklin of the Pennsylvania railroad told the Interstate Commerce Commission today his line faces this year a $14,610,000 deficit — first in its 100 years of operation. Frdnklin said that even if the commission grants the 25 per cent peeled, about a fortnight before the November election Wallace will Miller ..aid the prisoner' admitted have a chance to get back into the thu nllc wus his. campaign. freight rate increase which the railroads have asked, the Pennsylvania railroad probably will have a net income deficit of $9,869.00C in 10-17.

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