BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 134 Biythevifle Courier Blythevllle Dally Newi Mississippi Vslley Le«d«r BlyUwville Herald TM DOMtNAMT NJJW3PAPER Ot MOM«KA»T ABKANSAg AND BOVTHEAgT MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 26, 1953 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENT! Billy Henson and Bonnie Williams Win Bike Parade Contest Billy Henson, 11, and Bonnie Williams, 12, of Dell (in photo at left) were top winners in the Bicycle Carnival parade contest for best decorated bikes this morning. Both received new bicycles. Bonnie's bicycle was decorated as a ship float, the "Queen Bonnie," and Billy was costumed in black- face with suit and tie, with his bike appropriately decked out. Second place winner, receiving $10 and a complimentary ticket to the Mox Theater, was J. L. Austin, and third prize, $7.50 and i theater ticket, went to Cecilia Henderson. Bill Killebrew, WMCT cartoonist, invited the two top winners to appear on his show while drawing for the crowd In front of the judging stand on Main Street. Honorable mention prizes of $2.50 each went to Linda Lou Lipscomb, Sarah Lou Moody, Laverne Walker, Becky Henderson, Jimmy Lynn Tidewell, Sandra Edwards, who at four, was the youngest parade entry, Roane Logan, Johnny Bay, Vicky Quails and Frances Gammill. Judges included Geoffrey Ladhams of London, England, industrial consultant currently here on business, Mayor J. C. Dobbs of Dell'and Kemper Bruton, executive vice president of the Ark-Mo Dinners Association. The parade was led by a lire truck and. Mayor Dan Blodgett spoke briefly during judging. Field events, including an -obstacle being negotiated by an entrant in photo at right, were being run off it Little Park throughout the morning, with a free lunch to be furnished entrants during the noon hour. Some 200 children participated In carnival activities, according to the sponsors, the Blythevilte Y and Merchant's Division of the Chamber of Commerce. Kelley Welch was chairman of the event. (Courier News Photos) Bradley Says U. S. Leaders Face Vital Battle of Science Decisions By LEWIS GULICK WASHINGTON (AP- — Gen. Omar N. Bradley says America's civilian and military leaders soon must make .decisions in the battle;-of science with Rusisa that will affect "our very survival as a nation." New weapons are so important, he declared, that they "are beginning to shake the present division of functions between the Army, Navy and Air Force." "• * He urged fuller use of scientific advances through giving' scientists a larger share in strategic planning, includihg l 'i<ttv1e<Kc! r Bfe Jomff Chiefs of Staff; ** Bradley's views—in brief, that 4 Ruling May Be Sought On Fifth Amendment By ED CREAGH WASHINGTON (AP) — That now-familiar refrain, refuse to answer on the ground it might tend to incriminate me," appears to be headed for a new test in the courts. Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) is threatening a court test in an attempt to limit the situations in which it may be used. only legal ground Countless times since Congress began looking into subversive activities one witness or another has given this response instead of answering questions about alleged Communist or pro-Communist activities. They've been getting away with it too! The Fifth Amendment to the constitution forbids compelling anybody to testify against himself. McCarthy, chairman of the Senate investigations subcommittee, is vacationing on the West Coast. Before he left Washington, however, he laid the groundwork for a court action to define the circumstances 1, under which a witness may prop- v erly decline to answer. The Wisconsin senator did this in questioning the wife of Edward Rothschild, the now - suspended Government Printing Office bookbinder who has refused to say whether he was a Communist or whether he ever stole secret documents from the GPQ. Mrs. Rothschild, too, refused to tell McCarthy whether she is or has been a Communist party functionary. Test Question Ordered McCarthy then ordered her to answer a test question, announcing her refusal would be the basis for a possible contempt of Congress proceeding. Despite this, and for a witness declining to answer. Ford, a well- known Washington attorney who has specialized in "Fifth Amendment" cases, challenges the sen- ator'to produce a single court decision backing up his stand. "It doesn't make the slightest difference," the lawyer says, "whether the answer a witness might give would be true or false. Perjury is not.-involved here. The sole test is whether any answer, a truthful one or not, might tend to incriminate the witness." Perverted Privilege McCarthy, on the other hand, says the self-incrimination privilege has been perverted from its ntended meaning by subversives who invoke the Bill of Bights to cover up their activities. "The Fifth Amendment," says McCarthy, himself a lawyer and former judge, "was intended for the protection of individuals. It is being used to protect a conspiracy, and this committee will do. whatever it can sion." to stop that perver- To get a court test, a contempt citation Would have to be voted by McCarthy's subcommittee, then by the parent government the advice of her lawyer, Charles investigations committee and E. Ford, the witness persisted in her refusal. The test question: "Do you re- fuss to answer on the ground that a truthful answer might tend to Incriminate you?" McCarthy contends this is the Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursday No important change in temperatures. MISSOURI — Fair tonight and Thursday; little temperature change; low tonight 65-75; high Thursday in 90s. Maximum yesterday—!)?. Minimum yesterday—68. Sunset today—6:35. Sunrise tomorrow—5:29. Precipitation last 21 hours to 8:30 p.m. yesterday—none. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—82.5. „ Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—32.76. Thlt Due Last Year . Minimum yesterday—61. Maximum yesterday—00, Precipitation January l.to date — 32.28. i finally by the full Senate Mrs. Rothschild's refusal to answer could not come until Congress reconvenes. That will be next January unless a special session Is called this fall. the country's best protection lies in boosting its scientific and technological lead over the Soviets— Were carried in an article in the issue of the Saturday Evening Post out today. The 60-year-old career soldier retired Aug. 13 as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Now he is board chairman of Bulova Research and Development, Inp., where he expects to \ise his knowledge to see that military problems needing scientific and research solutions are passed along to the scientists. "Soviet technical progress, like ours, is moving at an ever faster tempo," Bradley wrote. "As the pace gets hotter, the choices of what we must do become harder. Some of these choices, touching the question of our very survival as a nation, now loom close ahead of our civilian and military leaders." Urgent Problems Bradley listed among urgent problems facing . S. leaders: n-G aoe imcnirg mov mrotfu.la ii lion to U. S. allies, because af present "we can give our most trusted allied friends only meager information about weapons on which their survival as well as ours may depend." While certain secrets must be kept. Bradley said, "there is other atomic information, restricted by law, which would be mmensely useful to our allies, and yet would not benefit the Soviets if they learned it." 2. Giving the American people more Information on atomic developments so they mat at least "form sound judgments on the great national decisions ahead." 3. Assigning Nayy aircraft carriers to help bomb deep behind enemy lines. This "strategic bomb, ing" role traditionally has been jealously guarded by the Air Force as its own. 4. Getting full cooperation between the Army. Navy and Air Sec BRADLEY Page 12 Reds May Return JaileH le table 133 Americuus Released Todav Victoria Man Dies of Injuries Received in Auto Wreck at Dell William Lester Burnett, farmer ol near Victoria, died Monday night at Walls Hospital from injuries received last Thursday when hla car collided with a Blytheville Coca-Cola truck at a gravel road Intersection two miles south of Dell. When the truck driven by Dick Fulton collided with his car Mr. Burnett received a head injury and four broken ribs, Deputy Sheriff Holland Alken, who investigated the accident, said. No charges have been filed in the case. Mr. Burnett was farming near Victoria having recently moved there from Mississippi. Funeral services; were conducted this afternoon at Medlock Methodist Church In Cannon, Miss. Burial was to be in the Medlock Cemetery with the Citizens Funeral Home of West Memphis in charge. Mr. Burnett is survived by his wife Mrs. Minor Burnett, and three sons, 1 Donald, and William Burnett of Victoria, and R. L. Burnett of Lamar, Miss.; five daughters, Martha and Daphnlne Burnett of Victoria, Mrs. L. H. Humble, Mrs. Cordls Smith, both of Victoria, and Mre. J. C. Brit of Cannon; three sisters, Mrs. Budd WMthead ol Connon', Mrs. L. A. Odell of Pleasant Plains, Ark., and Mrs. Fred Arbuckle of Kansas City, Mo. Iff MJLO FARNETI PANMUN.IOM (AP — An other 400 U. N. soldiers returned from North Korean stockades today amid indications the Reds Will send back some Americans handed jail terms and possibly more prisoners than they originally promised. Two of 133 Americans who crossed into friendly hands today said some fellow Americans (sentenced to prison for "instigating against the peace" were awaiting repatriation, possibly in a day or two, at Kaesong. Kaesong, just north of Panmunjom, is the Bed holding point for Allied POWs. The apparent switch in the Communist attitude toward these prisoners followed protests by the IJ.N. Command that the Reds were holding back dozens of men on trumped -up charges. U. N. Command spokesmen said there would be no comment on the reports. Along with 133 Americans, the Seds returned n British and 250 South Koreans today, the 22nd day of the big exchange. And 150 Americans and 250 South Koreans will be handed over Thursday, the Reds, said. The Reds have promised to return 12,763 Allied prisoners—inciud- ng 3,313 Americans—but Red Pelling radio hinted they might send back more. Peiping said the Communists have been "adding to the (prisoner) list newly captured prisoners," ncluding men captured in the final days ,of the war. It did not say how many. A total of 2,128 Americans now have been returned—and many ol them are aboa'rd ships plying the Pacific on the journey .home. One transport, the Gen. John Pope, left Inchon Wednesday with 428 Americans. Three others, including a hospital ship with 104 PiDWs, were within 10 days, sailing time from San Francisco. The Gen, William P. Hase, carrying nearly 450 ex-prisoners, was due to dock Saturday; the hospital ship Haiven will arrive Sept. 4, and the Marine Adder, with 367, should tie up Sept. 4 or 5. Two American officers brought the news that the Reds probably will return prisoners sentenced to jail for minor offenses. Nationwide Phone Strike Threatened New Coble Cutting Cases Reported NEW YORK (AP — Com pany and union officials tr again today, amid reports of threatened nationwide walk out, to resolve a labor disput involving 22,,000 long-line telephone workers. The wage-contract dispute al ready has led to scattered walk outs. Olher thousands of telephon workers for two Bell System af filiates have been striking fo many days. The two, the Indiana and Southwestern Bell telephone companies, yesterday reported new cases of cables being cut or bulletj shot Into them. Officials of the Long Lines De partment of the American Tele phone and Telegraph Co. and the CIO Communications Workers o America (CWA) met here yesterday and then recessed overnight There was no report of any prog' ress in the talks. Published reports last night said nationwide walkout of the.long, lines workers would occur abou noon today. However, key CWA officials were not available for comment and several other union sources said they were not aware of anj strike plan. John Lotz, president of the New Yor'- City Local 1150, representing one.third of the nation's -lines Writers, said that e had been authorized by the i. But he added: There is a very definite t of a walkout. The members Impatient, with the stalling <lcs of the management, and 1 ' .i't know if we can hold them. Could idle 300,0*0 Lotz said a long-lines walkout could idle all the 300,000 CWA members across the nation. He explained that local telephone workers would be expected to respect long-lines workers' picket lines nt exchanges. A. company spokesman said MM <knew of no.airl**. «pd that, althoug-h the contract eipired July 5 It could not be terminated without 60 days notice. The spokesman said no such notice had been given. There have been long - lines walkouts in Boston, Philadelphia, Springfield, Mass., and other cities. Local union leaders attrib- stalling" in the New York talks. The company denies It is stalling. Wage demands and other issues in the long-lines dispute have not been specified. Yesterday's reports of wire damage In Indiana brought to 127 the number of such incidents listed by the Bell affiliate since Its employes walked out July 22. Wages are a chief issue. In the seven-day Southwestern strike of 63,000 workers, negotiators are bogged down over a contract clause which the union says would forbid strikes. The company says the clause Is designed to protect service and combat strikes called for reasons other than general wages and working conditions. CWA in the disputes has been seeking wage increases of various amounts for workers now earning $35 to $104 a week. The Chesapeake and Potonific Telephone Co. also faces a strike threat in Maryland. - NEW MANAGER — A. L. Boyl (above) has been named mana ger of the Montgomery War store here to succeed E. D. Swa ner, who was transferred to th company's Nashville, Tenn., store Mr. Boyll moved to Blythevill from Olney, 111., where he wa manager of the Montgomer; Ward .store. He and his wife am four children reside at 713 Pe can. year ! Anniversary Edition Due On Monday To '.ommemorate its 25th under )• <i -present management the Courier News will publish a special anniversary edition Monday. It will mai'k the silver anniversary ot the acquisition by Harry W. Haines. Courier News publisher, and C. R. Babcock of .this newspaper from Mr. and Mrs. Edgar G. Harris on Sept. 1, 1928. Mr, Hatues later acquired Mr. Babcock's interest. Though observing this anniversary, the theme of the special edition will be Blytheville as the trade center of this area- It will provide a review in story and pictures of the firms, factories and facilities that make Blytheville the hub of this trade area. Orders for extra copies of this edition, to contain about 50 pages, are now being taken at the Courier News office and .must be ceived by 5 p.m. tomorrow. Wilson School Opening Is Set Class Sites Picked To Substitute for Burned Whitten School WILSON — 0. M. Shultz, Jr., su erintendcnt of Wilson schools, an ounced today plans for opening 01 le 1953-54 school year and listec IB faculty for Wilson and Whitten chools. This is Mr. Shultz's first year as ead of the Wilson Schools. He re- aced County Judge Philip J eer, who resigned at the end ol iis past school year. Mr. ShHltz al-o announced thai e Baptist Church building and e Community House at Whitten ill be used for classes. The first grades will use the church uilding and the other six grades 11 use the Community House hitten's school was destroyed by fire last week. Fourteen new teachers will be on the faculty this year with seven each in high school and elementary grades in Wilson. The new teachers on the high school faculty are Oils English of Booneville, Miss., English; Miss Willie Joe Pierce of Arkadelphia, commercial; Miss Peggy Thorne of Jackson, Tenn., science; Miss Betty Overby of Mountain Home, Ark., librarian; Billy Joe Rosa of Russelville, Ark., science and assistant junior high coach; Wendell Cooper of Culiman, Ala., mathematics; and Jimmy Williams, Jr., of Jackson, Tcnn-, math and mu- shooting and fishin* grounds atjlSV.SSrS^e'S.TS Su" e Lake - goinsville, Tenn., and Miss Doro- A spokesman for the Commission , thy Denman ol Memphis, first this morning said the Ojccola firm! grade; Miss Patricia Raley of Blg- submited a low bid of $3-70 per hour; iers. Ark., second; Mrs. Phillip Mc- for bulldozer work, i Rae of Wilson, third; Miss Jean Work is scheduled to get Rt,avtMl' Maxey of Clinton, Ky., fourth; Mrs. Monday or possibly Tuesday of next I Irba Nevil of Terrell, fifth; Miss week. ' ' . | Pay ," The entire contract is expected I si * th ' to be less than $1,000. I „„„",', The Commission acted to hold Big Lake Dam Contract Let Sartain Company Submits Low Bid Sartain Construction Co., of Osceola has been awarded by the Arkansas Game contract and Pi.sh Commission for work on damming ditches at the Commission's public I UNtoVoteFirst On Soviet Plan Balloting Expected To Begin Tomorrow By MAX HARBELSON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — Russia today came up with a parliamentary maneuver to force the U. N. to vote first on the Soviet proposal for inviting six fighting countries and nine "neutrals" to the Korean peace conference. The Soviet move came as the General Assembly's 60-nation Political Committee began discussing in detail a half-dozen resolutons dealing with the Korean problem. Voting was expected to begin tomorrow. Soviet Delegate Andrei Y. Vish- rnsky had put in a revised proposal only yesterday listing the 15 countries Russia wants to seat at the conference . Vishinsky submitted his list again this morning in the form o£ an amendment to a resolution sponsored by the United States and 14 other, countries that fought for the U. N. in Korea. The latter proposal, recommend- ng that all the fighting countries ae Invited to the conference, had been introduced first and had priority In the voting. But assembly •ules provide that amendments must be voted first. This means the Soviet list would be put ahead of the United States-sponsored proposal. Separate Resolutions There are separate resolutions on the participation of Russia and ndia. The United States is oppos- ng India's participation, but has igreed to support a proposal for Russia's Inclusion "provided that he other side desires It." The committee arranged to recess this afternoon while the Se- -urity Council met on Arab-Asian iations' complaints that Prance had illegally removed the Sultan of Morocco from his throne. The United States has announced it will join Britain and France in voting against putting the complaint on the agenda, virtually dooming it. In the face of U. S. opposition to India's attending the Korean peace conference, Indian Delegate V. K. Krishna Menon said yesterday his government was ready to serve if its work would be considered useful. He did not withdraw India's candidacy. India Not Candidate Reports from New Delhi said that Prime Minister Nehru had told members of Parliament that India would go to the conference if Invited by the U. N. majority, even in the face of South Korea's threat to boycott the parley if India attended other than on the Communist side. Under orders from New Delhi to speak with restraint. Menon told the committee that India never had been a candidate for a peace conference seat and that the Assembly must decide it she should attend. He paid scant attention to ths bitter attack made on India the night before by Y. T; Pyun, South Korean foreign minister. Pyun said t was Impossible for his country .o sit at a peace table where India ivas a U. N. representative. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., head of See U.N. Page 12 Ives Urges United front On Labor Law By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Ives (R-NY) urged today hat Republicans seek a "common denominate^ 1 with the Democrats in an effort to avoid a political fight 'in Congress ver Taft-HarUey Act revisions. , Pay Stanficld of Jackson, Tenn., Kichard Ferguson of Wil- .be In charge of the kin- water on its property when plans for draining the bar pit were brought to its attention. Inside Today's ' Courier News . . . Bill Thomas Brln;* Belief to Life . . . Oiceola New« . . . Page 2 ... . . . Society Newt . , . Page ... Ed Flynn'i Death Marks End of an Era ... Editorials . . . Pare «... • • • » Hurler. After Roberts and Mafic 20 Circle . . . Sport* . . . rates 8 and 9 ... e V '.. ', Comlc " » n| l Television Schedule* . . . p >lr e 11 ... Catholic School To Open Sept 8 Immaculate Conception Catholic Grade School will begin the new school'year Sept. 8, it was announced today. Registration for all grades will be held Sept. 1 and 2 from 3 a.m. till noon. The faculty will be composed ot Sister M. Julia, principal; Sistw M. Evangelist*, Sister M. Cabrinl and Sister M. Leonards. Sister Leonnrda also wfll tench piano, organ and other Instrumental music. dergarten that has been added to the school program-this year after See WILSO.V Page 12 Ives said in an interview he beeves President Elsenhower's 1852 ampaign promises for changes in le act can be achieved only hrough Democratic help. "If the Senate Labor Committee oesn't limit any bill it brings out proposals on Which the Repub- cans nnd Democrats can agree, will be an unwise move," he aid. "I do not believe in having either Republican or a Democratic bill, ny such measure would only ome back to plague those who ponsored it. We must find a com- lon denominator with the Demo- •ats." Ives, who worked closely with he late Sen. Taft (R-Ohio) on pro- osed revision of the act, said he oes not believe Congress will be Illlng in the next session to liange the national emergency l-ovisions of the present law, un- er which such strikes are banned ir at least 80 days. Ives has proposed an amend- ent which would outlaw strikes major industries whenever the resident declares a national mergency, but he said he would )t push this proposal. Ives said he and Taft had ached agreement beiore the lat- r's death on proposals which ouid legalize the closed shop in rtain industries — construction nting, shipping, amusement and me others. He said he thinks the Senate mmittee could agree on amend- ents to permit some forms ol condary boycotts, to allow strik- workmen to vote on union presentation and to define state d federal government jurisdic- >n In the labor field. The New York senator said he vors extending the anti-Communist oath requirement to employers., It applies now only to union officials. Ives' call for cooperation with the Democrats emphasized the belief of some Republican leaders that their party will be risking See CONGRESS Page 12 Hot Springs Voters Approve $985,000 Sewer Bond Issue HOT SPRINGS W — Hot Springs' antiquated sewer system will be modernized soon with the proceeds of a $985,000 bond Issue which wns approved in a special election here yesterday. In one of the largest turnouts in Hot Springs' history for a special city, election, the proposal was approved 3,858 to 880. . The voting climaxed an Intensive campaign In which civic leaders and politicians who do not always agree joined in urging the issue's approval. City officials had warned that continuation of the present sewage disposal method, which had polluted Lakes Hamilton and Catherine, would turn this resort city into a ghost town. The bonds will be paid off by Increasing the water rates 50 per cent of average charges assessed Cinemascope Screen Due at Ritz Theater A new metallic, Cinemascope dual purpose screen will be installed in the Ritz Theatre here about Sept. 15 with an assortment of lenses estimated to cost about $8,000, O. W. McCutchen, owner, announced yesterday. The screen will permit the show- Ing of the new Cinemascope films as well as .thre-dimension and regular films. Mr. McCutchen said the Walker Company has already measured the theater and promised the) tailor-made screen by Sept. 15. The installation will be done over-night so as to not interrupt the regular , operations of the theater, he said. The new screen was described by Mr. McCutchen as being mirror-like and giving maximum quality to the pictures projected on it. Area covered by the new frame will include the entire stage and will curve back in the center aproximately five feet. Mr. McCutchen said the reason for waiting before installing any new equipment is the controversy between the big movie producing companies over the best type methods to use. The controversy is still going on, but with this screen several of the different types, of movies can be shown on the same equipment by changing the lens in the projectors. When asked as to the probable outcome of the revolution in the motion picture techniques, he said that the producers will most likely settle on the Cinemascope rather than 3-D or panoramic. He also stated that this change-over reminded him of the introduction of the first sound movies — everyone had a different way of doing it. Blood Donations Exceed Pledges In Final Clinic By noon today, nearly 30 persons lad given blood at the Red Cross bloodmobile unit visiting at the American Legion v Hut here. This led officials to speculate hat total donations might run as ilgh as 50 or 60 pints, which is nore than previous pledges had indicated, but far less than Blythe- vtlle's usual mark of 150 to 170 pints. This is scheduled to be ttis last visit of the bloodmobile. Depart- during .the winter months. The 'mcnt of Defense has ordered Increases will be collected 12 i ing of the Memphis blood center months out of the year. as'of Sept. 1.
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