New-York Tribune from New York, New York on December 2, 1859 · Page 6
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New-York Tribune from New York, New York · Page 6

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THE 6TATB OF EUROPE. 9mm Our Own Cuiiuiiwi?< Lnnjtoti, Tiieaday, Not. 16, 18&9. Among tho English telegraphic dispatches you 'will find on* inno?ndi>g that ou the 12th ianl. the Federal Diet of tue Geraian Pnucea at Frankfort had re rr< d the affair of the Couatitntion of 11com Caaael lo ? Committee, and that 1'ruMia and Oldenburg have voted for the reetablishment of tbe Constitution of H?31. Though this dispatch ia not likely to attract the attention of the English pa? pers, entirely ignorant a* they are of German af taira, it ia, in many reapeefs, of great laiportain e. To ahow that, we mu?t tale a look backward. When, in 1814, the worthies* Elector of lleaaewaa not only reatored to bis dominions, but rewarded by the Congreaa of Vienna for ui* obttioacy with seve. ral smaller couutie* adjoining hia former poaseasions, all the old institution* of those territoriea revived, the different portion* of the principality had dirler eot eonatiiutioua, and some of the represents aMM-mbbea bad the right of \oting and denying the taxes. The Elector William 1J. tried, therefore, in l^l, to aboitah tbe old institution.* by a decree of organization, and to establish hia owu sovereign Will, but the Court? of justice maintained the old right* of the population: the Elector could not suc? ceed i and there were plenty of proteats. and law aaita, and diseontent iu the country. The revolu? tion of 1830 frightened at last tbe Prince out of his wits; the old " estates-' of the different provinces were railed together, and od Jamiarv 5, 1331, a new ConatitutioD was established by tra in and ac? cepted ly tho Elector, who at that time solemnly declared "his bearf-felt wish that this Constitution " sbotsid for C'iitorie? remain the monument of the "sympathy between the Prince and fOQ "pie of Heise." So soon, however, as the tide of reaction set in again in 18.14, there arose bickerings between the Ministry and Chamheis, and the Constitution was practically perverted and made uaeless by Government intrigues. Hesse had notoriously the worst administration in Qot mai > up to I84M, when again the Elector was frightened by the revolution, aud iu 1-t't agreed to ? reform of tbe Constitution, especially as regards the franchise. By the new electoral law the oppo? sition got a majority, but when the revolution in Hungary was crushed by Russian intervention, the Elector distnisaed his lilx-ral Ministry, appointed tbe notorious Hasaenpfliig his Prime Minuter in February, lMf,0, and thus put himself into open op? position with his Chambers. Extraordinary taxes were demanded by the Minister, and refused by the Chambers; the conflict became every day more violent, the majority of the members of the Diet insisted upon the removal of the obnoxious Mun? ter, and as their wishes were not regarded, re? fused to vote the taxes. The Chambers were there? upon dissolved and the taxes levied; but as the inhab? itant* offered a passive resistance to the illegal pro? ves dings of tho tax-gutherers, the country was de? clared to be ui a state of war, and Austrian and Bavarian troops marched in to uphold the authori? ty of the Elector. Prussia seemed to take the aide of the Hessin n people, but only for a moment; the cracy Kins sent his Minister, Manteufel, to Olmutx (29th Nov., lrvftfl), and submitted to the dictation of Prince Schwurzeuberg, attvmf tin llesvian affairs, as well as those of ?Schleswig-Hol? stein to the decision of the Austrian Cabinet. After aome entirely German proceedings, commission*, reports, provisional decrees, and organizations, not only the reform of 1849, but all the Cond'tutum of 1831 was declared illegal and abolished, and u new Konstitution introduced on the !3tt of April, 18?2. Tbe cottntry remained for several yean under mar? tial law, but the population remained faithful to the principle* of liberty, prote*tcd, petitioned, and al? ter *even years' struggles once more brought the affair before the Diet of Frankfort, insisting upon the right to retain the Constitution of 1K31. Aus? tria, of course, maintains the ordinance* of 1888, and the absolute authority of the Prince, but Crux sue as we aee by the telegraphic dispatch, bolder than in 1864), raiae* her voice on behalf of the l ights of tbe people. The fact that she is seconded by OUlcnburp;, the vassal of Russia, throws some light upon the receut interview between the Czar and Prince Kegent at Breslau. Their alliance cannot be friendly to Austria, since the Hessian affair now all over Germany taken for the trial ol strength between Austria and Prussia; it decides the pre? ponderance either of Prussia and Constitutionalism, or of Austria and Despotism. As to the final de? rision, it looms still in the future, since the forum of tbe Frankfort Diet are so N*MsetsMM that it scarcely possible to see this old pending political suit finally *et at rest within a year, uuiess Prtttwia should like to precipitate it in order to establish kei leadership in Germany. The Austrian papers ?peak already of this question as of om involving Bot only the highest uiterest*, but ali the future of Germany; but the foreign pres., unaccustomed to German sluggishness, scarcely notices this uniHirt ant phase of Die fatherland. Tbe Italian question progresses more rapidly and more favorably. The tour province* steadily continue their work of amalgamation; their army w organized upon the Sardinian inodel; the old money of the Archdukes is called in, and exchanged for the. new cur? rency, coined according to the Tiemli system, which was introduced long ago in Sardinia, and marked by the head of Victor Kmanuel ns King elect of Ceutral Italy. The last step for the com? plete fusion of Tuscany and the other provinces, designated by the common name of .Emilia, re? mained to be taken: a Regency was appointed by the King Victor Emannel. Many were the diplomat wdimcultiea raised agninst such a step, which caunot nil to precipitate matters and to prejudge the action of the Congress in an anti-Austrian spirit. According? ly, the Prince of Cariguan, elected by the Constituent A see mb boa of the four provinces, did uot accept the Kecency offered to hrm, but in ike name of ike him?. he designated the Chevalier Buoncompairnie as Ro gent of CVntral Italy, who at once fercepted the mission, and set out to assume the government. Victor Emanuel thus, for the first time, acted a real sovereign, since BiioDcompagneiV aWSjfmey owea its origin uot to popular election, but strictly to delegation from the King, who toward Napoleon and Francis Joseph has the' plausible answer that, had he acted otherwise, either Car our or Garibaldi would have been elected, and that the PagtsjQj eff either of the two would have been gMTiasit *. ? ?ignal fbr revolutionary outbreak* in umbra* aud the Marches. TKOUHJ. IN GERMANY. from ta Occaateaai v. ?rrnpciidrot. Farm. n,.n i;,, IQBS, There ia now on the tapis a i/mcnJU ulUmonJt, which, diminutive a* it must appear to the general public, may, nevertheless, result in a Genuau, aud even a European, catastrophe. The little country which affords the pretext of quarrel to the ruliug Teutonic Powers has acquired a bad reuowu m the history of the Vnited States. It i* generally known that of the thousand ? of drilled ?laves w bom Uoglaud bought in Gcnnauy, to ship over the Atlantic aad let loose oa her revolted Colonies, the principal ?toek was supplied from Hease-Caascl, where a paternal Arch-cWtor used to derive revenue from the exchange of lintish gold for hi* faithful yeo? men. Ever since that mt-nioraMe epoch, the rela tions between the Arch-electors and their auhjeeta aeem to have grown progressively inimical, until, ia 183V, the French Revolution of July gave the signal to a rwrolutsn? ia Hewe-Cas**-). That revo? lution was secretly fartered by the arsaem1 An h elector, who teft rather anxious to share with his beloved father Uk nearponsib litiesot ?uprriue power. The hrtas revolution paved the way to tbe Hessian 4 emstittitaV) of Jau. ft, 1831, which affords now the grand hart It rr between Austria ami Prussia; had, in 185*3, driven them to the bloodies* battle of Hronwll; and, eirenmtfaitce* helping, may soon in dace Lesxis Bonaparte to study the " (ecrman qnea fion '' after he haw contrived to make a bore of the "Italian que>?4ion.,f To explain tbe present o-iri ftct, a abort sketch of the Hessian Constitu? tion of 1831, of the iitetamorpdmses it uttdcrwrnt, osj tbe events which miiedup with its fate the rival Harn:? of Aurlra aod P-UMna, may prove op? portune. _ . . With tb.- IJJIiffiial of tbe method of elecUoo it ordains, tLat ia, toe election of repnr-eentutw* by tbe old estate* (nobles, Citizen?, peasants., the llenniiiii Constitution of lS'l may be re? garded aa tbe roost libernl fomUniental law ever proclaimed iu Europe. There ia no other Consti? tution which restrains the power* of the executive within limits ao narrow, makes the Administration n <>ie dependent on the Legislature, and confide* such a supn me control to the judicial beuche*. To account ior this strange tact, it may be said that the Hessian revolution of IK'J was, in point ot fact, u revolution against the Prince on the part of the lawyers, the civil service and tbe military officers acting in harmony with the malcontent* of all " estates." By tbe first paragraph, every Hessian prince is excluded from tb< sue,-cssinn to the throne, who should de? cline t.tkit g an oath to the Constitution. The law ou Ministerial responsibility, so far from being an unmeaning phrase, enables the representative* to remove, through the State tribunal, every Minister declared guilty of having even misinterpreted any resolution of tbe legislature. The Prince is di? vest, d mi the right of grace. He enjoys neither the privilege .if pensioning or removing the members of th<- Administration against their will, there being always open to them an appeal to the court* of law. The latter are invested with the right of final decision in all qucgtion* of bureaucratic discipline. I la- Representative Chamber select* out of it* nu mbers a permanent commitfi-e, forming a sort of Areopagus, watching aud controlling tbe Govern, ment, and imp-aching tbe official* for viola I tion of the Constitution, ho exception being granir,1! on neria'f of order* received by sub I alterns from their superiors in rank. In 1 this way, the members of the bureaucracy v*? re imuncipaled from the Crown. On the other hand, the Court* of law, empowered to decide de? finitively upon all the acts of the Executive, were rendered omnipotent. Communal Councillors, nominated by popular election, had to administer not only the local, but also the general police. The military officers, before entering the ?ervice, are hound by oath to obedience to the Constitution, and, in all respect*, enjoy tbe same privileges against the Crown as the civilians. The representa? tion, consisting of om- single ChaiiilxT, possesses the right id stopping all taxes, imposts and dutica, ou every conflict with the executive. Such i* the Constitution of JKU for Hes?e-Ca*scl, which the Arch-e|i cfor, William II., the father of the now reigning Prince, proclaimed, " in perfect "ntr?? ment with hi* estate*,"and which "hehoped " would still, in distant centuries, flourish a? a "sold monument of the harmony lietwecn the " sovereign and his subjects." A draft of the Con? stitution wus then, on the part of UV Government, communicated to the German Diet, which, if it gave no guaranty, seemed to accept it as a fait arruwpli. It could l>e foreseen that despite all fin drtidtria, the Constitutional machinery was not to run smoothly in Hesse-Cassel. From 1K? to I84H there sat not less than ten legislatures, of which not two contrived to lust their natural terms of lite. The revolution of 1^48 and 1*411 impregnated the Constitution of 1831 with a more democratic spirit by abolishing the ? lection by estates, by putting the nomination of the members of the Supreme Court into the hands of the Legislature, and. lastly, by taking out of the hands of the Prince the supreme control of the army, und milking it over to the Minister of War, a per? sonage responsible to the representative* of the people. In ln4i)?on the meeting oi the first Hessian Legislature, elected according to the new electoral law?a general reaction had ul ready broken in upon Germany; but, nevertheless, things were still in a state of fermentation. The oid German Diet had been unshed uwav by the revolutionary waves, while the German National Assembly, aud its mock Executive, had been bid low at the point of the bayonet. So there do longer existed a center ol the whole German Federation. l'uder these eiicuiiiHtaiiees, Austria demanded the restoration of tbe old Diet at Frankfort, where it* influence bad always been paramount, while Prussia wanted to form n Northern Cniou, for her own use aud under her own control. Austria, backed by the four German Kingdoms and Huden, contrived, in fact, to gather around her in I'ranktort-ou-tbo-Main the rein s ot Hie. old German Diet, while Prussia made a weak attempt at holding a I'niou Diet at Erfurt, with some of the smaller States. Hesse-Cassel, under the dire tion of it* liberal Legislatuie, was, of curse, foremost among the opponents of Austria, and the partisan* of 1'iussia. As soon, however, as the \rch-ele? tor had ?>'< i tallied that Austria was backed by Russia, and was likely to w in the race, fie threw off the mask, declared for the Austrian Diet against the Prussian Union, installed a reactionary Ministry with the ill-lnini d Haeaenpflug at its bead, dissolved the opposing legislature, which had refused to grant taxes, and, having vuiuly tried to raise tbe tuxes on |ii 0W0 authority, hmliug no support in the ranks of the army, the bureau* i acy and the law courts, declared Hesse-f assel in a state of siege. He had taken tue good precaution of run? ning away and resorting to Frankfbrt-on-the-Main, thereto live under the immediate protection of Aus? tria. Austria,in the name of the old Diet.restore! by herself, dispatched u federal corps on the ei rund of putting down the Hessian Constitution, and raising up the throue ol the A ich-elector. Prussia, ou her part, was forced to declare for the Hessian Constitution against the Arcb-elector. in order to maintain her own protest against the revival of the German Diet, and her attempt of establishing a Northern Cnion under her own auspices. Thus the Hessian Constitution was couveited into a battle-cry betwecu Austria and Prussia. Things drew ineai.whih to a crisis. The vanguards of the. Federal and the Prussian armies confronted each other at Ihonsell. but only to sound the retreat on both sides. 1 he President of the Prussian Minis? try, Herr von Mannteufel. met the Prim-e of Schwanenberg, flu? Austrian Minister, at Olmiitz, on the ocith ,,f November. 1*50. to resign into hi* hands all Prussian claims to a polio of her own w ith regard to tin-1 (jot, HoMe-Casse) and >chJesw k? Holstein. 1 i us* ia returned to the Diet a dow nea?? and penitent sinner. Her humiliation was embit? tered by the triumphant march of an Austrian army to the coasts of tbe Northern Sea. The Hessian Constitution of ifvll was of course abol? ished without further ado, to be replaced at first by maitial law, and subsequently, io lf&2, by a most reactionary Constitution, hatched out by Has fcnpflug, doctored by the Elector, and emendated and satictMiued by the German Diet Thi* Consti? tution of lr\Vj formed, then, the ?tauding topic of quarrel between the country and the EWtor? all attempt* at couciliatiou proving futile. Tbe late event* in Italy, and tho couae qucnt movement* in Germany, were considered, by the Prussian Government to afford the l>e*r opportunity of revenge for the de:.-a' of Olmiitz. and the renewal of its old feud with Austria. Prus? sia know* that Russia, who. in 16M, turned the balance on the side of Austria, will fh> time move iu the opposite direction. Till now nothing has been exchanged between the two rivals except puper bullets. That the Hessinu Constitution* of IKH and 1S5? form only tbe pretext of their fight, is shewn by the simple circumstance that Austria declare* for a modification of the Constitution of l*v\.\ in accordance with the provision* of j tbe .Constitution of NO, while Prussia insist* oil tbe restoration of the Constitution of l-ol. arter its having been remodeled iu conformity to the gen? era! (uiouaiehic ) principles of the German Diet. The j* t pie and tbe Chamber* in H'-ss, -Caasel. rely n>g on Prussian support, ask tor the restoration of the old Constitution. The whole bu-nmproperly managed by interested counselors from without, may end in a German civil war, if the German peo? ple turn Bet, at the opportune moment, against " both their bouses," ?A beautiful and a?voiupli*h?d young iady says The Sorfoik Arirv*/, passed through this city, last week, t* roa/r for St. Louis, where she wa* being sent by express. Sh<: was from Paris; and, being un? able to speak oar " hurbarou* lingo, her : remis had adopted this method of sending her to her deetinaticm. She waa regularly entered upon the " waybill,'* and freight paid all the way through. ?TV I'lince of Wale* attained hi* eighteenth year on tbe "**, and is now of legal age to take the crown of England if Iis motber ?bouid ?lie. JOHN EKOWN^ INVASION. A VI8IT TO JOHN KUwW it BY * I *UV. I? going to Virtrinia, I thought I shonld *Wy my ! feelings of pity for tbe wounded prisoner- and he hid? den by Mrs. Child, who I beard was there. The name of a " Friend, 1 who live* in Charlestown. wa* given nie, and on our arrival my eon aud I went to ark him where Mr*. Child wa* stopping. He prov.d a mo*t unfriendly " Friend. " Mr*. Child,? he said, ?'i* not in the town. I should ad vine her to stay at home and attend u> her domestic aftuire. People had b* tter ?tav in their own coun'ry. An-i. I ?? j-I I- " " if slie came to my hoos*. I would not receive ber. " I rather think John Wool man would have done it." ] replied. "Jdonteare what John Woolman w-aie: ? I know David Uowelis wouldnt,'' was hji anawer. All other persons to whom w? spoke were civil. On oar way we spent a night at Harper * Kerry. In the parlor we heard a young lady describing to a gentleman tbe herrors of the night of terror. "1 wished," she said, "I could shoot them all. She teld tl e .tory of poor Thompson, brought wounded into the hotel, followed by th** infuriated people, pro tc< ted for a time by Mr. Fouke s sister, at last dragged out and silled on the bridge. She said: " It war dreadful to drag him out so. but they did right to kill bim. 1 uuuht. The gentleman said, "Oh, no! yon wouldn't." I arked, "Who killed him?" He said. " One of our < hizem. Madam. lie never would" hive done it, but was mad" fnriou* be.-a.nse onr Mayor whs shot down iu the street." I expressed my horror of the deed. It must Iks some comfort to his young widow to know that a brave woman, at gTeat risk to hmcif, tried to save him. They threatened her, bnt she would not leave him. I asked the gentleman if he believed Hrown insane. He said, "No; his plan* were too perfect to leave any doubt of the okwnMI of bin mind.'' The landlord eaid the raine. And certain ly the place was wisely chosen. Part of the B!ue j Ki?!ge rises directly from the town on the north. It 1 is said that in these mountains there are wonderful caves: and if, as he intended, he bad succeeded in for? tify iiig himself there, slave* con Id have escaped to him, and it would have been difficult to disldgc him. Cure for the lives of bin prisoners, whom kfl feared to take that ooM night info the mountains, aud the l., take iu stopping the train, caused, a* he explain*, am! as I heard others say at Harter s Ferry, all the shed? ding of blcod. I^et those who condemn him most be 1 satisfied that hi* first-born sons by both his (irrt and i second wife were shin, and also Ins young sou Oliver, of whom the mother says, " He was most like his father. ' Bring most for learning of all our children." Let him, then, he forgiven for the unpremeditated horrors oftbat night at Haqvr's Kerry. In Charlestowu the Sheriff refuted my npplicati ?n Id *ee Mr. Hrown. " Pul lie opinion," he said, " is v< iy " much excited, in consequence of your coming here. " Cap'. B. does not wish to see anyone,'' and, adding. " My responribilities are very great. If anything '? the,Id occur in consequence of my granting you, or " any one else, an interview, I should be censured by " the m bole community. I muM, therefore, den; JQ ir " requi'bt." I sert Mr. Brown some linen, A.c., which I had i brought, and should have left Charlestown the next j morning, but the Jailer and Mr. Sennott both assured me thai Mr. Hrown wished to see me. We thereon. de'ennined to wait. The hotel-keeper was very kind, and we wailed over two days. But the Shentf r< ii. iiis .1 inexorable, though he knew Mr. Brown's wirl A' I.ft Mr. (J. Sennott got an order from the Judg.- of the Court, for my admission. \N f.h gifts from the winds aud the garden, we went in through the d?or of iron bars, whi'-b turned with a grating sound on its heavy hinges. On the two beds were Hi own and Stephens. Both were glad to see as. Stephens is u pleasant-looking yonng man, thongh I Very j ale from his wounds. One who km w him well j has said of him, " I never knew any man try *?> bard 1 to he good. No picture 1 have seen gives an idea of I Mr. Brown'a noble bearing. <>f Iiis line expres-ion, and thejduliar light of bis eyes. I was reminded at once [ bv his ?ppearam eof Motley s description of William of Orint'e; no better ouecin be given of Brown: " th |?tsoii btj wasal>o\c the middle high:, perfectly ?will made and sinewv, but ratlin -pure ihn tie lout. Hi-? ev es, hair, beard, ami ci.nipb'.vioii were brown. His head was small, symmetrically shaped, comhinint the j al.itn.s* and compactnese characteristic of the soldier i w itb the capacious brow, furrowed prematurely w ith the | hori/ontal lines of th"Ught, denoting the sla csiran and the sage. His nhysical appearan.e v\as, therefore, in bam.ony with his organisation, whi' h was of an'iqne modi I. < If bis moral qualities, the most prominent wm hiKpi.tv. He was more than any thing eisen religious J man. Fioin Iiis tiust in (Jod. he evtr derived support and consolation in the darkest hours. Implicitly u lving upon Almighty wisdom and goodness, he looked ?anger in .he face with a constant smile, >ni endured a,. <?..-.nit lalatrs and trials w ith a se renity which soeiued mOW than human. " * ? " His flrmnes* was allied to his pi*jv. Hi. oomajni \ iu aiing the winde weight of struggles as unequal us li t ii h.tveever undertaken, was the theme of .emula? tion even lo his enemies.'' Between Mr. Brown and Iiis jailer there has grown up a most lritmlly feeling. Capt. Avis, who is too brave to be ifrtid to be kind, has done all be could for the prisoners, and been cursed a.-cordingly. Stili their condition was very cheerless, and Mr. Brown was in the same clothes :n which be w:?s taken. A cloth nnder his he;:J wa? minh stained with blood from a still open wound. It was hard for me Ig forget tho presenee ol the jailer .1 had ih.it m..rniug seen bis ad? vertisement of " j<! negroes for sale"i; bur I soon lost all thought of him in lis'enitig to Mi. Biown, who spoke at ooce of his plaus aud of his failure. Twenty years he has labored, uni waited, and suffered, nu.i at last be believed that the time of fulfillment had tome. Bnt he failed: and. instead of being free on tie mount? ains *?rong to break every yoke, and let the oppressed go !>'???. 1 e wa-< si...,n of his .?rougth. wiih prie-'U vv.v!. al-out him. "But," he said, Ml d<> not now reproach myself: I did what I could. I said, 1 ? Tin- Lotd often leads as in strange ways." " Yes," he answered; "and I think 1 rannot now better serve the- cau?- 1 love so much, than to die for it. and in my dea'h I may uo more than in ray life. A , ! arant -a.iie . one u\. r hi* !:-ue when I exclaim. J, " Th? n you will be our martyr'" I continued, '? 1 want to ask one question for others, not for myself?Have you been actuated by any feeling of revenge '" He raised his head, and gave me a surprised look; then, laying back, he an swered slowly, but firmly, M I am rot con* ious of hav? ing had a feeling of the kind. No, no! in all the wrong done to me and my family iu Kansas, have 1 had a fee-ling of revenge. ' " That would no* sustain you now," 1 remarked. '* No, indeed," he replied quickly, " but 1 sic. p peacefully a* an mf.ur . or, if I a:a wakeful, glorious thought* come to me, entertaining my mind." I'rereuily addtd, "The sentence they have pro? nounced against me did not disturb me- in the iMej it is not the first time I have looked death in the face. ' " It is not the hardest thing for a brave man to die," 1 answered, "bnt how will it he in ih? br,.- days be? fore y ou, thai up here' If yon can be true to yourself in all thi*, how glad we shall be. "I i.jiriot say. bererponded, "what weakness may come over me, but I do not believe I shall deny my Lord ami Vaster, J.-us Christ, and 1 should ii' I denied my pnmiples against Slavery. Why, 1 preach against it all the time ?Capt. Avis knows 1 do." Tbe jailer smiled, and said " yea." We spDke of those who, in time* of trial, , forgot themselves, and he said, ' There *e?ms to be list ttu.t difference in people: some can bear more than other*, and not softer so ranch. He had been through all kinds of bardabips, and .lid not mind them. My sou remarked that it was a gre*>t thing to hare confidence n one * own rtrength. " I did not mean to say that," 'era* tie answer. " It ia or'y a constitutional differ ence, and 1 have been trained to hardships." When twel . e years old, he went with hi* father to furnish the American army with cattle. This had led him far away from home, and subjected him :o much exposure. Sometimes he slept in graveyards, but without any superstitions tear, and in forest* a hundred mile* from human habiuuot*, sturounded by hostile English and In I ar.r. " But, h? added, smiling, " I have one ;n euntineruble wraknea*; I Lave always been more afrtid ol being taten into an evening party of ladies and iren'Jemen than of mating a tampan y of men with gun*. I think be 1* nil] more afraid of the giving of trouble to orher*. He seems to me to l>e perely un telnrh, and in all that he hat <k>ue to Lave never thought of himself, but always of others. In a noble letter to bis wife, which 1 brongh: away with me, he ? r.ueats bis " memr wife and children, every one, ' never in all your trials, forvet tbe poor that cry, und " bim that bath none to help him, While lie was talking to me with the deepest solici? tude of his family, the rabble, ever hanging about the Court-Hon*e and prison, fearful that we were plotting treason inside, became restless. The Sheriff was ,.! and called the Jail, r, so that I had only a moment to >|*ak to Stephens, and to say fart well to Mr. Drown, who stood up to take leave of us, saying. " Tlo- Lsord will bless yon foreoming here.'1 There was. I learned afterward, an angry mob out? side the jail, but I did not se< it. In a moment wc reathed the hotel, and at once recorded all we ould remember of thi? interesting visit. That night there were rumors of an attack on the jail, and it was thought best that I should not repeat my visit. The Jailer said to mv eon. "Your mother can write, and send him " looks and hymns. He is an intelligent and a religions " man. and will appretiate them.'' Um* tr.e evening before we left Charlcstown a tele? gram announced to me that Mrs. Brow n was in Phila? delphia; and I wa^ anxious tberefote to have another interview with her husband. In the morning I scut for the Judge, who went with us to the prison door. Mr. Hmwn was sitting at the table, where be had just finished a letter to his wife, and a note to me. He look? ed better, ami brighter, and happier than at my first visit, and Stephens also looked better. The old man said little except about his family, whom he commend? ed to the kindues* of goted people. On our return, we saw boys, at Harper's Ferry, going alxmt and selling pikes and other things, whkh they had loiind in the sc hool house in the wood*. I haid to tbe landlord. "It is not right for these boys to sell, on their own acconnt, this property of Mr. Brown's: his family will ne? d all he leaves." 'They ure no' his property." waslbe reply; "but that of tho Abolitionists, who furnished 'he money to buy them, ami w ho Mai bim here. la-t them come and claim them"' To .Mrs. Brow n, itwa*a great comfort to see one who could give her direct information in regard to the . in! 'ion of her husband. Hearing that he had lo?t the clothes she laut made for him, she went at once to work to prepare taWtm When these laet kind offices Wert Hone, and the little trunk packed, and?he felt "it u the lfi<' pjmtfM hereorrow. fora season,overwhelmed her. Since theD. she has received a lerer from h'*r 1 kfjmj . i which 1 am permitted to send yon a copy . m answer to one telling him of a plan to have his two daughter- educated in Mr. Weld's school, .it Ka^les wood. Half the mcney for this purpose has been given, for the first year, by ?wo gentlemen. The home of the unfortunate family is in a reL'ion of nlnicet |? rpetual freSt, where they cannot earn a living. It has been ptoposed to raise money to purchase for thi tn a small farm, somewhere in a milder elima'e. If we <annot get the father out of his prison, let ns, at least, bring his wife and children out of the wilder? ness. It. i), s. } anlrtvooi, Nov. M 1?.'* Ciurliw -v a, .1 laVrsoa Co.. Va,, ) loth Nov., 1KB. S Mr Drsii Wifk: I write you in ?tataTSrtO n most kind b-ttt-r of Nov. Id"., from (fear Mrs. Spring. I owe ! i r tan thousand thanks; for her kiudnees to you par* tirularly and snore topteioUy than for what she ha* cone and is doing in a more direct way for me per -onally. Althongh I feel giateful tor every expression ol kindn* ss or syiupal'.y towards nie. ? et nothiutr can ? as effectually minister to my comfort a* act* of kind? ness done to relive the wants, or tniluotte the sutler intre of my ptsir distressed familv. May (tod Afmiekfy n I '"<</? ovn ronn ioi>mf*ho their eternal re warder*. I am t xcecdingly rejoiced to have you make them' ' t'te.und l-e miloundcd by such choice friends, as 1 hav e !,nir known some of those to be, with whom v ou, are slaying, by reputation. I am most glad to have yuu meet with one of a fnmily (or I would intht-r say ol iwo launlies) moil brloced and nerer to I, u Tgotti I l.i/ Ott, I mean dear penile - -? .1., v and many a time has rht, her father, mother, hi othert, utter*, tinde and aunt, dike angels of mercy) nvnisfored to the want* of myself and ol my poor sons, Im-I, in sickness and in health. Onlv last year I lay sick foi i|uite u number of weeks: with them, and was cared lor hy all, us though I had been a most affectionate bp tin r or father. Tell her that I ask Clod to bless, and r< want them all forever. " 1 irae a stranger, and they took me in. ' It may possibly be tiiat - would Bai to copy this letter, ami seid it to her home. It so. by all means, let her do so. / irould rn/t them if I had the power. Now let a.e say a wordabont tfie ctfort to educate onr il.nu.htt .s. I am no longer able to provide uioansto inlp towards that object, and it, therefore, becomes me not to dictate in tbe matter. I shall gratefully submit the direi tion of the w hole thing to thtaie whose generosity Saa] bad them to undertake in their la-half, while I i'ive tu a little expression of my .nvi, choice respect- , ing it. You. my wife, Perfi >"ly ""?/' taas that 1 Lave always < a pressed a decided preference fur u very plain but jmjee'ly practtral education for both ??a"i sad myoo?tnxrt, 1 do not mean an education so vei > nnfera'-le us that you and I received in early life; nor as some of our children enjoyed. When 1 say plain but prat fad, I mean enough of the learning of KM school* to enable them to transact the common Inures*. 0f life comfortably and respecta? bly, together with that thorough training to good b'i-ii.es* habirs which best prepare* both inou and w omen to be utrful though /*v>>, and to meet the ttrrn bicai iTirs of life with a good grace. Von well know that I always claimed that the muitcol tbe broom, washtub. needle, spindle, loom, ax, scyth", hoe, flai', ike., should first be learned at all events, and 'hat of the piano, 4c, irTiKtt iRiu, I put them in that order as most conducive to health of nodv and mind: and for the obvious reason, thai after a fife oi some ij /* i it net andof murk obit real ion, 1 have found fca so"" a as vt,ell as fra men who have made their mark in hie Rieht, whose early training was of that ,4oi". ;"? ? '? ('/kind,'o o.-ie who had a more p< juilar aDd fashionable early truininir. But enough of that. Now, in regard to your coming here: If you feel sure that you t un endure the trials and the shock, w hich w ill l?e ?tnaroidabtr if you come), I should Is? mr.st glad roses yon on. e more , but when I think of vour btiiuf insulted on the road, and jsjrhap* while Ift, and ot only s? eing your wretchedness made ...;;> pie r. 1 Jtnnlc Irom it. Your couipo-ture and fortitude of atksd may be fasti tyual to it all; but I am in dnadiul damit ol it. If von dm come, defer y ur ? " v tili about Ute J7th or tSHh of ibi* mouth. Tlie ?cene* which you will have lopasa through on coming here will be autafataa but ttott you now pass, with .ei .h r, kind-heulled ft:etuls and'kind fates to me.?; you every where. Do eonnder the matter well before you nu.ke lie pinnae. I think I had better ear ho more on thi? S??af painf ul subject. My health improve* a little: my mind is very lraaa,ull. I may say joyous and 1 i . nt'i.iir to receive every kind attention that I have any poesible need of. 1 wish you to send copies of all niy letter* to all our poor children. What I w rite lo Opa sau?t answer lor all, till I Iiare more ?treugtb. I get numerous kind letters from frientN in almost all owction*, to enco trage me to " he of good "cheer, ' and I rtill have, a*///*</, >( the peace of " t;o.f to rule iu my heart.' May (rod, for Christ'* siike. ever make hie face to liiine on von all. Voiu affretieatte hu>baod. JOHM BROU N. Frot a subsequent letter, dated November 21, I make ihe following extract: I have very many interesting visits from Pro-Slavery - ... , <-*t daily, and 11 udeav or to improee therm la:.'a '?,7*. pla:nly and kindly. I J? not trnll|| | ,vc|> rnjov ed lite better taan siin e my confinement here. r r Una 1 am mdebted to Infinite grarr, and kind let? ters fmtn lneuds irom different quarter*. I wish I ?outd only know that all my j-sir family were a* eom Pessd and a* happy a* /. I think nothing but the Christian religion could ever make say one so com poarrl. Vy w ?lint too! mmxM nlT la *ucS a iruae si tats. m JOHN BROWN. EBI L>?\] ?>1 L.XLt I'TlON. 7* tk* t J.lv *J TXt .V. Y TrUmnt. Sir.: To-day the noblest manhood in America swings ' off on the gallows of the felon. The day will be a day of tears, and groan*, and prayers, to tens of thousand* through this t raai country. It will become the opening of an era in the moral history of onr nation. No one can easier know how deeply the religious sense of tbe people_ ttve ktBy eftit descendant* of New-Englandcrs? is toocbed by this stern Iragedy. An old man, living an? der the abiding piwiHr ol Qod, feeling the whip and chain of ur>pre*wioTi to the slave even a* to himself, with a calm conviction of eternal doty, throws himself, hia sons, his means, everything, in desperate assault at this rig mtic system of wrong?hoping it may be, if success favored the daring ventnre, to liberate some hundred slaves, and retreat with theru over the borler, or if defeat cnmc. as was more probable, to bear the stripes, a:id the prison, and death, ??v. a as so nimy thousands <>f them had d-m . in o,d< r m fehi? <:u , dving hatred of .ajustice, and his sympathy with the : wronged. Of ccurec it was an ilie_nl enterprise: it was fool hardv and desperate "h< :.i' no; so d.-;-. v tiearil; it was tanutical, as all gr?Mt enterprises ure; it risked life and all on one cast, and no ore can mourn ; the death which has followed. It was an al'uost in? sane effort?not to excite a servile iiie'trrv.ti 'a, for this ' both Cook's confession and Brown's honest speech ile?V?but to dauixge the Shi'..: l'ower by runuJig off u large body of rlav??*. It is not for all this, that the sons of the Puritans : everywhere f.el so intenselv with the brave old man. They would not necessarily Vlieve in such m<>de>of uf ta.k ti ty ?:>!?: y y tcgi.rd ?itis-ieo-sful a.id sp?.. j medic efforts" at rising .,morg the slaves, as they would similar etrorts now in Hunkurv or Naples?foolish and unadvisable, because certain to fail. Bui they, and all 1 irarywbere wlui respect n< bleues* and courage, can net hat look with wonder and love on this old man, going dow n himself to hear the burden of them who are in boi. i-?accepting wounds and chains, re? ceiving reproach and insult, and taking the murder? er s dmgneatal i!?ath us cheerfully as if it were a croon of honor, foe the sake of the poor, dieputied, lurvottcn slave. They behold him mild, courteons and humane to the lat-t; with a sublime Fai'h an i a Criatian spirit of hum? ble, self-devotion, ? bah makes that prison-ceil to their i eyes, holier than consecrated chapel. 'John Ki.'Wn ... i he pcrsoiufu ation of the deepest Northern i "tih. n in e against Slavery. He reveals the aw ful earneetn.se. and the sublimity of that sentiment against this wrong, w hich politicians have been striv ? iug so Htaf to wheedle and to manage. Be assured, Sir. that there, arv thousands of mm in this country, rcudv and glad to swing Oat OB the gallov\s, if they conld sec that it .ould possibly break the fetters ot this ! gigantic oppression. I It is all this, and not certainly or necessarily a ' sympathy with the means employed, which makes the religious' masses ol the Free States feel so intensely I with the brave old man. And yet they do uot mourn for him. No ! he risked the lies] crate es?ay ; he chose- the death of sacrifice for , the tens of thou-ands of the wronged who had suf? fered far more than he. The eye of Christian faith, too, changes the scene. I The old and scam d body . hanging on the murderer's ri>|e; the chains; the jeers ot the brutal crowd; the j curses of the excited soldiery; the scorn of the rich ! ntid th. powei'lul I u.-s avvav, aud the welcome of that innumerable crowd of unseen witness's, who have du d for truth's and right, ousiiese sake, and of Him who hath hallowed sell--;., mi..- for the poor and | w ronged tor ever m..re, seem to begird the humble ! sufferer, ns he 1? aves the earth. John Brown on a Virginia gallows, and John Brown ? entetirg the Christian Hcuveii, might be a fruitful thetue lor dramatic contrast in the pulpit. No; the people do not so much ?oirow for him. ' though this broad Cuiou holds not u more noble man? hood or a nunc raiifioSM soul. We have known Lim personally, and many of his fsmily. aaad we asm testify if it were needed) that a man so imbued with the" Divine presence so living under a sense of eternal things, and so filled with tbe wrong* of the oppressed, and burning so to struggle lor them, is seldom to be met w ith bj this w>rbl. We do not believe him to be insane, uny mere than Crom? well or our owu Ihiritan forefathers were insane. He ? was a litritun oftlie Puritans. I It is an imme-ns-e less for the country to lose such a ? nanLood. But it is not this, which this day is forcing out groans and prayers from so many in every corner of the land; it is that ire, the freeboru of the uatiou, the <|. srendanta of those who periled everything for j Liberty, should live in a country where the only tiling which can legally be given to the highest nobleness? ' courage and Christianity?is/ A. gallon*!?that the pui i - friend of impartial Liberty America lias ever known ' should have no reward but tbe murderer's halter ! I ?that vr are res|Nonsiblo for this, and we have the I disgrace. It is this that bums the soul, and makes one , loathe the very soil on which such iniquity can be ! penetrated. But John Brown cannot die. The memory of that , noble spirit will live for many a century in the hearts j of die Northern people. Such an utter spirit of sacri See has already enobled the whole generation, aud j w ill continue to do so. Tito gallow s loses its disgrace when It holds -u< ll m. n. j TI ut Providence which always works in tbe affairs , of men, but which we do uot always see, has been i r|.-. iallv reveab d in all the circumstances of this affair. ? An old man, following an almost iiuwtio inspiration, stnkes a feeble blow at au empire of tyranny, and to ! the sin j rise of men, it trembles to the base. Not all i the moral movements, or rabid assault*, or calm argu? ments, or philosophic investigations of the cent riry have doomao math la raadai Savory ridiculous and unsafe, ! a* this hur-biaincd assault of a fanatical Puritan. If he i hud aroused au insurrection from Virginia lo Texas, he could Ml have.lone half so much. Nothing in our history has e\ er awoke the religious se-iitinient of the North on ilie question like this foolish enterprise. A tnoii-atid things might simply have made Brown's outbreak ridiculous: hut it seems as if every thing iu the folly and in the wisdom of men hud combined to I.i t Brown s spit a, words, and death i.s a grand tragedy, revealing the kfrnw of Freedom and of Slavery. What things are before ns no man can sav. Wl . 'h.-i this shall he the beginning of many martyrdoms uutil the.ouiiiry ran hear no more: or" whether the South, really alarm, d, v ill commence a mote ratiotud unti human course with regard to this great evil; or whether this is only the owning of that bloody and biller collision which shall go on between the two systr-o.-. until one is prostrated?who that is wise can [?remi t ' The 2d December is a day which our Instorv will not easily forget. <, r". u. A VOICE PROM C< ?NNi;< 1 iCLT, I I ON THE EXECUTION OF JOHN BROW V. Atn r an Anti-8lavery le< ture at Canterbury, Coun., by the Rev. H. T. Cheever, the following resolution* were unanimously adopted by the meeting: RttolrrJ. That wbil*, ia th* jadrrnsat of this meet inj, ll.e *uthor*f the lets untueecuftil attco.pl in behalf ?f slaves in \ i'elnu i. by no mean* justified la that aaaeruaiiif, becanas there U a more ?xrellrul way for ari-onipliahlria, tbs rDtl Its had in rirw. T?t we ars entirely .atltned that h* ha. meant nothiaj asd MS done B*tMs*J wuiihy ot death: and ws think that ths tact* elicited in tbe courts of hia Inderently hurried trial, all f oiiif to ttow a certain de* res ol iiuanity vu the part ol the MM sr. ? cid qisXs hi. czasssttass, at ths present tints, both aa in)ustKe and ? mistake. Rt-Ued fvithtr That in our judgment, from ail thei'aetaw* torn fatLer, tbe terrible wruur? and bereavement! suffered by thin mac at the ban.lt of tbe ?Istc Power in K*na*>, sctirif pow? erfully upeti bit natural seme of justice auj hia t'-eply religious naiuis, and leading bha to devote himaelf to ths work ot liber at in/ ilsvra, bare resulted, alone with bia act*.I aaocsa* at tirui la: erlnrta before, ia Miaaouri, la ftatsniaa opea his iniad th* de Inaion that bs waa raia- d up by O'/d, as another Mesa, to dsi.i-i ib>- mnaiai Rttultcd. ul,o. Tint ?bile Hal wronrt and lullerin*? of John nrowa have U.bf had oar pity *n.l iudi2n*li<>u, and lua hooe.l, courasev.... aisd thrittian Uariu? thruurb all ths tryim ?c^us? sf Lia capture, im prise amrnt, interrofa'.ior,, and trial, has worn cur Uasst admirali.A nd rr^ar.l, ths iaans of hia impracticable nt.dcriakini in Vlraiijia CuovUicsa ua tiuat tbs usiy way to pre v. tit tbe recurrence of auch disastrous attsnipla In other parts of tl.r S.iutb. with all Ihetr blaody issue*, ia far Christian ( u irrhai at onee and aarasa'ly lo uudeitake lbs ilelirsranee of tbs an slaved, a: th* leaitiu.st< woik of t ):riati*aity, by rasana pure, y oj*ral and peaceluh Also, at a public meeting at LUbon, in the same State, on tho 2Sd Nov., the following was voted as the h use r f tbe assembly : Rnoi,r<>. That at ? partim ot lb* rhiistian a**pi*orib* Stats of Csnnst-tknt. to wbicb ws think it will u* an s<iual buoer Tsars p. :,i e to baes rivo l/irth to the n.it^ui 1 -d but C'briatian beio. Julia Hrown, a. I* hav* been ths rho.cn home of th* Krtcluilcnary patriot, Israel Putnam, w* .roald rsspectfilly repreiett lo out brsUirm, tbe authorities snat people of V trends. ' th* |srat dauj-r to ts apprrbe .ded, in cur slew, frou lb* threatened sxerutien ef the man whom they has* now in their ' power, asd we ahsU ssmsalry pray Ood that ao or.X wltlrb ws Ms*** t? *? ?? i.r.jo?t, Mat) watch ws ate xliaOed ss unld be to i lata) to pears between tbs North and the ?outn. lusy Its pre 1 v*kted. vil;>. BROWN ASH IH R MMin. IS! KBE9TI5<i PAHTl? I l M. i ore. senden?.? el Tbe Natinta*! Aia.->ussrr) .-s'aadarsi pHii.xnci ruts, Nov. 28, 1KB. VV bile much has been said?though cone too much? of the heroism and nobility of soul of Captain John Brown. ;i is mt known, a* it ought tons, that hi* wife ai d cLiidren have been distinguished iu a large measure by the same characteristiea, It has bean my privilege, for most of the past week, to he an inmate of the same house with Mrs. Brown; and 1 mast say, not only for myself, lot for three who have shared with me in the privilege, that the more we have seen of her, and tbe more w < ),,.ve learned, through her. of the rest of the family, the more we have been im? pressed in favor of them all. As for Mis. Brown herself, sbc is just the woman to be the wfe of the Hero of Harper s Ferry. S?alwait of frame and str -\ r in native luietaeet. soe is imbued with the aarne religions faith, and her heart overflows with the *ame Sympathie*. Her bearing in Ik r present diet re ?? ir admirable. She i* brave without inaensi bili'v, tender without weakne**; and though over w he)ia*-d by the deepest sorrow, her Morrow ia not a* of one having no hope: and her bone i* not that her husband svfli be reprieved, or have bis sentence com? muted, but that ail he hu* done and i* now doing will not only accrue to tbe benefit, bot prr?tp:(at? th* triumph of tlx csuss they hsv* all ks/i to m ith tf) Absorbed by the great events that ere tMsuhx** before her, and apparently urn-unscam* that mm ieao obit t of observation, ber demeaf ? r b> marbed by aa nble moment tbe learned bow teaacwaafy aba kwd! grasped the shadow of one. Strong soul a* aba ist, sha . \: 1 > the surge* of ber grief; tad who . coald comfort ber 1 1 think we all felt that wa wera j hot on d mi i ah ased in l>eiiig |??rnrltsd to be near orto ' made sacred by socb grief, in that eoleaut hoar. Skat ' Las source* of strength which tbe world know* oat of, ! and tin y have never failed her, and nerer will. 8aa) ? so oBaan ad that she woald save 1 er boa band a ; life were it powiblei by a mean or wieked act. It ia delightful to Lear the quiet, matter-of-course way j0 wbfa h she says, wben a gleam of hope had fallen on her beert from the report that a case of insanity might )<? made out, Mut I couldn't say, if I were called! , ' n on. that my husband was insane, even to save hia ' life. b?-eaiiee*be wasn't.' As if the utterance of an ' untruth were a natural aa well as a moral impossibility to ber. Oh ' she s a glorious soul, luring the heroism of which poeU eiug." .Tom Bhuwv Mu t!i.;s.?Public meetings are to : be held in many pbtcea to-day for exercises suited to j tlic tragic event by which it will be narked in tba annala of history. The meetiog in this city will ba ' he'd in the Church of the Puritans, daring the time of the execution, and in tbe evening. In Philadelphia the K< v. W. Fomess, Lac ret ia Mott, M*ry Grew and others are advertised to speak in National HalL Iu Kot bester the people are invited to assemble ia Co? rinthian Hall, to hear Parker Pillabnry, tbe Rev. A'-ram Pryne. and others. In Patersoa, at some boar i f the . uv, Dt\ cheever is to deliver an address. Ia i Ho?fon there will be a meeting at TTemoot Temple. H . wit Q l'hillip* ?ill probably be one of the speakers. At all these gatherings contributions will no doubt ba taktn for the benetit of John Brown's family. JOHN BROWN ITEMS. Ubitid Static- Trtoor* to. Attesd tux Exicr rtoa.?We bear that order* aaaa aaaa from tba War 1>. i artment directing four companies of United State? Uroaps, indudiag artillerv, to proceed from Fortreca Mc nroe iOid Point Comfort! to Charleetown, Va., to part , ipate in the preservation of the peace there on the occasion of the execution of Brown on the day after to-morrow. Col. Kobert Lee (who was iu eom mand of the United States forces at Harper's Ferry, it will be remembered), is said to have left this city yes ' terdav afternoon under orders to take the command of these troops. (Washington 8tar. Ahkai) or Oov. Wisr.?In spite of fjov. Wise, wa : think we have made arrangements to secure a full re I .;t of the execution of Brown?having engaged two reporters, belonging to military companies that are now sj Coal lotto WH If the Governor can rind out who the v are. he can have the benefit of the discovery. , Should tbev be on the outer guard, we shall regret having taib d to provide them with a telescope and ear trumpet, which mav prove necessary. I ftttsbor-h Dlspstch. It appears, by a private letter in The Cincinnati i V r,n,. vi,. ', tl at some, of the Wheeling people are not very complacently regarding the fact that while they hav e no nterest in sustaining Slavery, but much in ex tfngnishing it in Virginia, they roust share the expense of all the military foolery about Charlestown and Harper's Ferry. Bxcrrxaun i* To imr Cot rim. ?On Sunday last an iact tuliarv letter was picked up it 8t. Michael's, wl littb purports to give the outlines of an extruded b> turreclii nary movement in Maryland and Virginia. It ?talesthe va ry improbable, fact that over l'J,000 men are engaged in the crnsade, who can instantly recog ? a? bother by a look in the eyes whenever they meet. The plot ^ templates the capture of the City of Baltimore by the aid of 40,000 men from the North, tl.. titM to f>o fixed by a State < ouveutiou of the cru aaden to be bald in this city. The mime and data of tin letter were Loth torn off. This ridiculous document created great excitement among the good people of j Talbot. Patrols were immediately formed in the St. M . bael's district, and a strong guard placed iu Eastou Bqndaj night. A | abiie meeting or tbe citizens of the county took place in the I 'ourt-House at EaeU.ii \ saterday afternoon, to take into consideration the ** | sting state ot arbor*, but we have not learned the re? sult ot their delibrations. I Baltimore Rep., Nor. 30. A STRAY"" SECKETARy OF STATE.1' I'ndcr this heading, The Mobile Daily Tribut* has ile fallow nig in retereuee to Ui. hard Keaif, who waa elect ad Secretary of State of the Provisional Govern? ment oi gm. I'ed at lirown's Convention at Chatham, Canada West: .Mr. Richard Benl:', we understand, is an Englishman by birth, wha figured in ihe Kansas troubles as aa active member of the Anti-Slavery party, acted as aide-de-camp to the notorious Gem Lane, and waa elected a memi-cr of the T'jpekt l/ej. islature. Subse? quently to the proceedings ot the " (onvention ? above set fotih, be ft.? turned |0 Knirlar. I, and figured there during the last Winter us a lecturer on Temperance: perhaps also?though we have no positive evidenoe ot tbe fact?on Abolitionism. Sometime during the past Spring or Summer, wa think, Mr. Uealf made bis ap|sesrauoe in NYw-Or? leans?how, or in what capacity, we know not. Here, altos personal observation of the institutions of tba South, he renounced Abolitionism, and became a seal on* advocate and defender of Slavery. He also aa* (a me a ronveit to the doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church, was baptized into that faith, and prefixed ihm name of " .lohn' to thai of " Richard.'' writing him? self thenceforward, "John Richard Realf.' .Mr. Realf theobecame aconstant and copioos con? tributor to the columns of The Catholic Standard,'' both in poetiy and proee, as tins readers of that jour? nal daring tie pant Summer will, no doubt, remember. He wrote w ith considerable vigor, and, although a novice, engaged in controversy with learned and ex perieai td an inat oa theologicalmstious. Mr. Realf was in thia city and vicinity for several weaks faring the mouths of September and October, continuing his literary labors at the same time. Ut made no secret of his antecedents in connection with Kanra.-. hut declared his views, principles and fseJiugs ' D the subject entirely changed, and appeared sinesrely nWirous ol undoing whatever m.r< hief lie might have been instrumental in effecting while working with the Abolitionist*. He was an agreeable, well-infonaed young man, and made a favorable impwession upon such of our citizen* as formed bis awpiaiatance. Some time between the J*r and the HHh of October. Mr. Rt ulf left Mobile for New-Orleans. He arrived there, was seen ta eater a hack or cab, and, as we are informed, has not been heard of since. Hi* aeqoaint am i * here have felt much anxiety rests-rung but fats, tad since the dnalosurtt above set forth with regard to hia former connection with Brown and his aseociatss, an additional, mystery ha* been thrown around the transaction. The sudden disappearance of Mr. Keaif so abort a time previous to the outbreak at Harper'* Ferry, might naturally attach -?me snspicion to his course. For our own part, however, we have no doubt that bis i rofeasion* were truthful and his recantation of Abo? litionism sincere. Then is ample evidence in the con? fidential correspondence between Browu and hie other ronfederstes, lately brought to light, to prove that Keali had abandoned tin m and held no connection or mi. i? curse v, itb them after hia return from England. Sev eral passages iu these p..per* show that his friends were under the impression that be had died oa the way out, and this was trie belief of Brown himself, founded on the fact that he had heard nothing of him after sail tag. Moreover, bis coarse vv bile in New-Orleans and Mobile, wus just the opposite of what it wonld Lava beeu likely to be if he had entertained any sinister de? sign*. We think there is stroug reason to believe that Rcs.f mav have been tbe author of tbe anonymous letter addressed to Secretary Floyd, and that he was re? strained bv his pledge of aei'resy , as well perhaps ta bv tear ox the consequences lo himself, from any more d'-erf revelations. J!.- myatarloaa disappearance in New-Orlaaae ms>y have been occasioned by some intimation of the ap? proaching outbreak end a couvietion that, in case of die expt sure of Us ow n connection with the foolish plot or? ganized in Canada, no explanation or aubee<ue.nl re cantatk-n would insure his immunity from ths con sc tjiiences. In any cuss, we should like to see some further efa i. of the inyttrry, and have waited some time in . i j erattfoa of seeing it noticed by those more directly rxignixam < f tbe circumstances. Thus far, however, ii bavt e-.-p. d theutitinioaof theNew-Oidaana press. ?TkaWikattr?oioj Committee mataaSaturday, n Beaton, to close up their affairs. There appeared to he rfsaatming in the lands of the Treasurer abalaaca ot f6,u06, wkfck wa* placed in the bands of tba Execu? tive t ommit'.e* a* a perpetual trutt fund, the proceedt Wkatasf are to be devoted to keeping la rapairtha home of Webster st Marabaeld. -Cape DavidotT, of tka Russian Kavy, rt la Vew York, to seeure the eonetraerion of some gun-boats for the Amoor. Capt. Schwartz, sccoad ia command of tbe General Admiral, ia also here, and Lieut. Dep, of the Engirieera, who will examine the fortifications of thi* rot .a try.

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