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The Cornishman from Penzance, Cornwall, England • 4

The Cornishmani
Penzance, Cornwall, England
Issue Date:
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

NEWS AND VIEWS MARKET EDITION The last minute rush to catch the Christmas mails to the Middle East Forces, India and Malaya was so great that additional premises had to be taken. Up to Friday a million, letters and Christmas cards and nearly 80,000 parcels had 'oeen received. Miss Evelyj Duncan, described by her Birmingham factory manager as "a blue-eyed, fair-haired slip of a girl," has broken a world's record for war work by turning out more than 5,905 anti-aircraft shell components with three hours of her working week to spare. There is no doubt that the nation realises the need increased war production, if only to help Russia in her need this vital juncture. The "Round nrole," in stressing this need, considers that it will be met and that the situation is hopeful.

It was during his notable work on the liquefaction of air and other gases that Sir James Dewar devised the vacuum flask, or thermos flask now in common use for domestic and other purposes. This was an invention which was not Richard Gregory. More than 10,000 people were killed in road accidents in Britain during the second year of rtie war, compased with 8,355 in the first year, and the peacetime average of 6,500. These figures were given on Thursday by Mr. T.

Goodall, an official of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents, at a Manchester conference. Fined £12 at Horsham (Sussex) on Monday for food hoarding. Beatrice Hedworth Foulkes, of Ayshe Court, Horsham, was said to have had in store: 1 cwt. of sugar, 2401'b. of flour, 170 tins of vegetables, 721b.

of bought jam, 154 tins of fruit, 28lb. each ot syrup, currants, raisins and sultanas. 721b. of lentils, 9lib. of pearl barley, and 561b.

of split peas. Slavery has been aDolished in Abyssinia by the Emperor Haile Selassie, states the Ethiopian Government in Addis Ababa. The Emperor, who had long wanted to emancipate his subjects, took the first step some years ago. but his reforms were interrupted by the Italian conquest of Abyssinia. The process of emancipation will be gradual, so as not to create chaos in the social system.

Over 4,500,000 Americans will be paying income-tax for the first time under the new Tax Bill just signed by President Roosevelt. Hitherto married men earning £400 a year have escaped. Now all earning £300 must pay. Single men and women earning £3 a week are roped in. The basic tax is only 4 per but there is a surtax on incomes of over £400.

Lord Woolton, Minister of Food, broadcasting on Friday night, said "The black market is a thorn in our side. The amount of illegitimate trading is relatively small compared with the total, but it stands out like a black sheep in a flock. We have brought out new and heavy penalties for these scoundrels, but we cannot do much unless people help us by not buying from the black markets." After the lapse of three years the Free Churches have decided against the outline of a scheme for re-union with the Church of England put forward by the Lambeth Joint Conference. From the reply to Lambeth it will be evident that episcopacy is still a serious stumbling block, and that even should an episcopate be agreed to as one organ of a United Church, the Free Churches definitely reject the doctrine of apostolic succession. The Rev.

Sydney Valentine Allen. 45, described as a rector, and giving an address at Foley-road, Forest Gate, was, at Clerkenwell on Friday, fined 40s. and ordered to pay two guineas costs for shoplifting at' a store. It was stated that Allen picked up two tins and- a packet of petrol tablets in the motot department and put them in his pocket. He was stopped outside the store by woman detective.

In court, Allen wore a white scarf round his neck, covering his collar. Interned Fascists in the Isle of Man were kept busy oh Monday clearing up the mess created by the week-end disturbances in the cajap. Usually they are allowed out for bathing and country walks. At Douglas on Monday the three men who escaped last week, and who were captured in the Irish Sea on Saturday afternoon rowing fo Ireland, were charged with the theft of a boat oelonging to a Mr. Rideout, of Castletown.

The men were remanded in custody till October 3. Soviet guerillas reported the following incident fropn the village of Starve 45-year-old German soldier stationed in the village threw down his rifle and shouted: "I'm tired of thgr war and I see no good in this slaughter. I need no foreign land. My family at home is Anyway, we can't defeat the Russians. I can't fight any longer." Nine other men joined him in this protest.

The ten men were immediately arrested and War News." For the first time on Monday, two women price markers were inside the London Stock Exchange. So rapidly has the male staff shrunk that, in spite of the retention of those who should have gone on pension, the trustees and managers have been forced to employ women on the marketing board. Oldtimers on the Stock are mostly old-timers these the invasion stolidly. There are no women members of the London Stock Exchange yet. But that may come later.

The combined wiestem democracies cannot out-produce Hitler in the machine-power of war until the further American change-over from usual business to the victory business becomes sweeping and intensive. For that new spiritual and imaginative impulses are required as well as physical factors. At present average American citizens feel the inconveniences of war without its inspiration. If the United States came in the effect of that moral revolution on American temperament would dynamic miracles. Observer." Venizelos Cotsapas, a Cypriot, who has escaped to Cyprus from Greece in a fishing-boat, stated that conditions in that Nazi-pillaged country were "indescribable." "Even the Italians and Germans cannot obtain enough food," he said, "and have begun smuggling stocks with the connivance of rich Greeks from Bulgaria and Jugoslavia.

A loaf of bread costs about ss. and all prices have soared by per cent. Sugar, olive oil and vegetables are practically unobtainable. Many people have died of starvation." Telegraph." We showed some weeks ago that Hitler sways the energies of over 80,000,000 Germans; that he is throwing an unprecedented proportion of that race into industrial production for that he has equipped them with machine-power on the same scale; that he commandeers the heavy and light industry of nations like France, Belgium, and Czecho-Slovakia; that more than 3,000,000 prisoners are his toiling slaves. As gainst all this, it is certain that Britain and America together are not yet employing as many hands or as much machinery on war-production as are at work in the Third Reich alone without speaking of auxiliary mining and manufacture throughout subjugated Observer." After prolonged and intensive defence operations, our Russian Allies, according to Monday's broadcast, evacuated Kiev, the ancient capital of the Ukraine.

The O.srmans, who had massed over two million men and the bulk of their tanks and other equipment for this assault, lasting weeks, say that when they entered Kiev they found appalling destruction. In with Russian custom they destroyed railways, bridges, electric works and everything' likely to be of use to the enemy. The Nazis say that this" has imperilled the lives ot thousands of people. Russian women have formed brigades of fighters and in guerilla warfare have ambushed and destroyed their enemies, working and fighting desperately like the men. The defence of Odessa is said to be stronger than ever, and the defenders, replying to a messenger from the British defenders of Tobruk, say they will fight as lotig a beating heart continues in thie beleaguered Baltic port.

Now that the Russian troops have "fallen back from the Kiev fortress, fight, ing continues, but we do not know haw much nearer the Germans are to their objectives of oil. wheat and other supplies. The Russian njans of defence have been long prepared. -Leningrad is still uncaptured. and Moscow resists all attacks.

Britain is urged to send the maximum number of tanks possible, and the first fruits of the Russian tank week have already been handed over to M. Maisky, the Russian Ambassador in London. Russian resources in men. metals and other supplies are unlimited; but time so far is helping the Germans, who fear the rigors of a Russian winter, and are ordered by Hitler to capture the cities and forts at all costs. This means that mountains of German dead are piling up.

John Gordon says in the "Sunday You cannot keep wholesale slaughter secret. And what you can never foretell is the reactions men to it. Men are like cattle. You can drive cattle to the abatoir for a long time. Then suddenly they sniff blood and break in terror.

One day, if enough of them are killed, the German soldiers will break just as the cattle break. It has happened before. It will happen again. How long it will take we cannot tell. But we dc know that by killing Germans ourselves we can hasten the break.

So our business, like the business of the Russians, is not so much to plan the killing of Germans sojne time in the remote future, but to set about the job of doing it now." The news of our Royal Air Force raids over Germany and the occupied areas shows that we ARE "doing it now, 1 The Germans may shoot French or other hostages; but they are being punished heavily by Allied Forces. There are still many optimists who cannot believe that the terrific slaughter in this diabolical Nazi war can continue many months. They know that Hitler ordered Leningrad to be taken "at ail that thousands of dead German infantry lie around the outer fortifications of the city, mowed down by the defence guns and the sleepless volunteers. They know that fresh Divisions replace the victims of Hitler's insensate ambition; but they also know that veterans are leaving their handicrafts in cottages and going into- the war factories to make munitions, and if necessary they are prepared to man the guns when they are ready. Women dig trenches, use rifles and hand grenades and brave the dangers of the air as coolly and determinedly as the men; and in guerilla fighting they have wiped out many German units what will be their fate if they are captured by the ruthless invaders.

It is not possible to gauge the full strength of the Russian defence nor the ingenuity, courage and resourcefulness of General Timoshenko and other Russian leaders. But we know that British airmen are now fighting with our Allies in Russia; ind these Allies have expressed their gratitude for the complete units of seasoned and wellequipped fighters we have sent them; while supplies of many kinds have been sent from the United States to shorten the war. I We also know that America's new policy of "Sink on Sight" means that invisible enemies are attacked without delay. If a submarine is spotted in an area where, no Allied submarines are known to be. thS recorder of movements under-sea sends its message to the alert watchers and depth charges are dropped upon the furtive voyagers the can get ready to aim their torpedoes at cargo boats, passenger ships, troopships or destroyers, of the Allies.

We know that in the attempt to capture an island in Esthonia 800 Finns were said to have been killed, hundreds taken prisoners and much war equipment captured. The Finns say that their war with Russia has no connection with the German war against the Allies; but Russia says that it must resist Hitler, whether in Finland, Bulgaria or elsewhere, if these countries are used to attack the Allies and if their rulers are unwilling, or even unable, to resist the pressure of Nazis. Many innocent people in war-time perish because they are unfortunate enough to be in the war zone, as the unfortunate people of Holland and Belgium found when the German wher-wolves rari amuck. Already Leningrad is surrounded by a morass of mud, but the defenders fight and await the assistance of General Winter to daunt the invaders as the rigors of the Moscow campaign daunted Napoleon, and forced the European conqueror to retreat. They declare that cost what it may, the former capital of Russia shall not fall into the hands of the enemy, and their defences, including their aerial weapons, they believe to be impregnable.

If the figures are correct they destroy two German aircraft for every Russian machine brought down; and we know that although some bridges have been captured and some Russian towns evacuated, tens of thousands have been thrown back into the wide rivers and their families in Germany have not known their fate. They only know that their dragooned relatives have not oome back; and that Continental hospitals are full of shattered and suffering men. When we read tfoat Hamburg has sustained its 77th Allied raid; that 200 'planes have attacked this. and four other ports in one night, and only nine of our 'planes have not returned from this deadly raid, we realise that the Germans are failing to keep their ports intact; just as they failed to preserve their internal transport facilities during the intensive bombing by the Royal Air Force, which has disorganised their industrial life and communications with their Forces. If the German oil reserves are being depleted by half-a-million tons a month, and if these reserves do not exceed six millic-n tons, they must sooner or later reach oilstarvation point; and oil is a vital necessity to their war machine.

It is said that to deal with the Caucasian oil wells and when these are captured by the contemplate the possibility of laying a pipe-line nearly 2,000 miles in length into Germany! But if they got there they would probably find that the Russians had dynamited the plant and that new shafts would have to be sunk. The military correspondent of the "Daily Telegraph" estimates that Germany consumes petrol and crude oil at a combined rate of roughly 18 million tons a year. "This figure would represent her minimum requirements if the war on the Eastern front is earned through the winter" the everincreasing difficulty of replenishing the dwindling stores. The optimists who still hope that the German crash will come before Christmas, may be indulging in "wishful thinking," but the scale of the German losses in men, 'planes, tanks, foodstuffs war suplies of all kinds are so colossal that an early collapse is no more impossible than proved to be in 1918. We cannot, of course, presume on this possibility, as it may take ine combined efforts of the Allied forces, factories and shipyards, plus the work of trained fighting men and millions of Home Guards, spread over a longer period, so there must be no slackening of effort to win the war on all Fronts.

But the numbers of Conscientious Objectors to National Service, and of those who from fear or selfishness try to evade sharing the burden of personal responsibility, is almost negligible; and foreigners who visit England express their amazement at the morale, fortitude and collective industry of the civilian population; and it heartens the intrepid men of the Empire who pass through England on their way to their allotted posts. Even if the belief in a short war is partly due to "wishful thinking," this is much better than unthinking pessimism which regards a further two or three years of terrific warfare as possible to such a reckless and detested enemy as Hitler and his entourage. Optimism need not imply any slackening in our war efforts or failure to give our Government and the Governments of our Allies the fullest support to speed-up the manufacture of equipent, the growth of land products, and the enlistment of man and womanpower. Dr. Dalton, Minister of National Defence, speaking at a National Defence Public Interest Committee luncheon ai the Dorchester, "In many raw materials vital for war plus the territorities which she has overru i.

including Italy, is greatly deficient, German Europe today can produce: "Only one-sixth of its peace-time consumption of rubber; "Less than half of its peacetime consumption of oil; "A quarter its peace-time sumption of copper; "One-fifth of its peace-time consumption of wool; "One-sixth of its peace-time consumption of cotton; and "One-thirtieth of its peace-time consumption of nickel. "The attack on Russia, looked at purely from the point of view of the Ministry of Economic Warfare, was a piece of incredible folly by the German High Command. Germany is far more effectively blockaded now than she was before. "To-day the meaning of the conflict is written with letters plain for all to It is part of our destiny that they should be written in blood. That the man to bring them so clearly before us would be a flabby little vegetarian and teetotaller from a provincial town in Austria, a complete failure in ordinary life until terrific furies took possession of him, none of the heralds of the new times could have foreseen." says Rom Landau in "We Have Seen Evil." But what does he mean that "terrific furies took possession of Hitler?" The weak spot in Landau's analysis seems fo be his notion that Hitler is not merely acting on his passionate emotions, his conceit, and his insensate but that he is "possessed" by some supernatural agency or control.

The author says; "Though Adolf Hitler himself may be quite unaware of the forces whose vehicle he is, it does not follow that he is unconscious of being a medium. In his own terminology, he speaks of being equipped with supernatural powers. There are many wh ch he to this. In Mein Kampf he describes the following war-time experience was eatine "fc a Ch with several rSV SZTV 1 rn dinner with me anw rr Hardly' had I Wn 0n every mernber was 0 Why should it no "have TvTn it a comrades were killed? Was lU.xrx iv work saorlf Elng fea. create a new Hitler Order Asenc i moved 8 being knocked down to a SCape years of age, almost a recluse with nn special mission in life TnV "2 having a out not very remarkable life to 'tualism just he leant and he "raised" was fcmri of 3S Americ ans would say) was fond of long walks and a bottle of beer, invented a new shorthand system Miizen, out (as I remember him) not a work T'ZV nolable missionary work or possessing the lead J.

ld 6 i 8 sjwss 2 reading a newspaper at thn 5 38 The enr. hfs 0 the vile 'iJi 'T universe is not understandable or ex plainable, a miracle of which we are ourselves an element or element? so 5 do not mean that a man is lying or foolish who thinks he makes Ihe veil K'l makp I'm mean that 1 cannot make sense out of these odd, isolated and apparently meaningless "experiences," whether of Hitler or ordinal everyday people like ourselves. My readers may be otherwise jmpressed, just as many are by people who profess to "read the stars," not like astronomical students, but as astrologers; fo nders of the many cults and pseudo-religions who can always collect fo lowers and cash to build churches, buy motor-cars or create Abodes of Love for attractive women disciples and their offspring. I see Hitler he is something of a fanatic, with a swelled head and a temperament which has attracted a large following; but it will be almost a miracle if he does not become a burst bubble, leaving disillusioned disciples and anathematised as a paranoic misleader of his countrymen and an oppressor of the victims of his ambition and lust of power. Time will provide his epitaph, but meanwhile he lives and destroys, like rattlesnakes and scorpions, and the microbes that poison the air or pollute the water we drink.

HERBERT THOMAS. THE WAR, THE WORLD AND THE CORNISH LAND. Notes One and All (By THE EDITOR) vr In 'We Have Seen Evil," Dom Landau says: "Of course, our short-comings are manifold. Yet for all our omissions in dealing with our social ills, we have 3 achieved more than any other great European country Within the life- time of one'single generation wc have halved maternal and infantile mortality; have increased the income of the workman; have added three pounds to the average weight of children in elementary schools; and built new houses at the rate of one thousand per day. All this leaves the achievements of other coun- tries, Germany included, in the shade.

The whole structure of our com- munal life reflects, however dimly, our Christian Principles." In the radio news to overseas listeners the announcer has quoted the memor- able saying of Maxim Gorki, the Russian novelist: madness of the brave is the wisdom of the world." a The wily Shah, who began his reign well, but became a despot apparently desirous of working with a conquering Germany, harboured Nazi tourists until it was necessary to exercise Allied Control over Persia (Iran) in order that the famous oil-fields might not fall into German hands. So at the eleventh hour the Shah abdicated, his son, the Crown Prince succeeds him, and it will be seen i whether he will obey the orders of the Suzerain Powers, and whether the people will accept his rule and forget that he was considered to have supported his i father's policy, just as the 'timorous Persian Government had done during the past ten years. Meanwhile the British and Russian forces reach Teheran, the 2 capital, and demonstrate their determination to prevent further mischigf being done by open enemies or Fifth Columnists. We have sanctioned Syria retaining its independence, with its own President; and other countries will also have Allied friendliness and support, if they retain real neutrality or give active support to the Allied cause. In Persia (Iran) ianus filched by the aodicating will be returned to the people, ana compensation will De paid to tnose wno had oeen aefrauded by this i crarty, grasping ana uisnonest monarch to oe wfrith The Nazis punish the Parisians for their lack of co-operation with their con- querors by imposing a curfew on all the inhabitants.

In Czecho-Slovaka an edict requires all Jews to wear in the streets a badge which differentiates mem from other nationalities. This indignity follows the robbery ot Jews, then- imprisonment and sadistic cruelties of their enemies; but all European Jews learn by wireless from Dr. Kichter. a Gentile, that this persecu- tion will end in their liberation from German slavery. The United States Government on Friday announced that the unprecedented sum of six thousand million dollars will be appropriated to ship-building, arma- ments of all kinds, and other defensive war equipment to ensure victory against the Huns.

i Hundreds of small cargo vessels built in America will bring war supplies across the Atlantic to the Allies during the next few months. Britain has delivered hun- 3 dreds of 'planes to Russia. The heroes of the French people are young Collette, who shot Laval, and the Judge who chose the Concentration Camp in preference to obeying the Nazis in his administration of the law. In one daylight raid more than 300 bombing 'planes worked destruction in German factories in Northern France. We lost 13 'planes, but some pilots were saved and 11 enemy 'planes were destroyed.

The factories produced vital petrol and other chemical products so essential to the German war machine. Attempts to enlist young fighting men for the German forces in Occupied 2 Countries are yielding most meagre results. Only a few dozen have been recruited. 4 The American Legion, numbering millions of members, formerly an Isolationist I body, now demands that not only must the American Navy be free to help the Allies anywhere on the seas, but that, if necessary, American soldiers shall help in manning the front line against the Germans. Hundreds of British "planes are already being used on the Russian front.

i In one sector in Russia, German losses totalled 45,000 and thousands of 'planes, tanks and guns. Russian losses were'said not to exceed 30,000. In an- other, the Germans lost 10.000 men in a few days. Commissar Molotov presides at the important Allied Conference in Moscow to determine the requirements of the various services. America passes a war bill of 3,500 million dollars to cover its share of the defensive largest war bill the United States has ever sanctioned.

A year ago Goebbels said that Britain was defeated, but did not know it yet. To-day he and all the German spokesmen know that they are on the downward road to inevitable defeat. We cannot conceive what it means when two and a half-million Germans are attacking the Russians in Kiev citadel and along a front of 600 kilometres, with all the destructive equipment of the Nazi organisation. The defence 'has been marvellous, and 50,000 Germans were quickly destroyed, but the struggle has been continuous during the past two months, and is the climax of Hitler's efforts to crush Russians. The Germans ornly admitted having lost 400,000 in killed and wounded- up to August.

This does not explain what the German people have 2 seen in lists of dead and hospital trains; but the Nazi spokesmen are inveterate and i incurable liars; and it does not follow that even the capture of Kiev will do more than prolong the war. "This war is not a war between nations like the last war," said Lord Lothian in his memorable speech on the eve of his death; "it'is more a revolution than a war." H. T. PENZANCE POLICE COURT DRIVING LICENSE RESTORED Through Mr. C.

W. L. Jervis (Messrs. lvian Thomas and Son, Penzance) William Maurice Stone, a St. Buryan butcher, successfully applied for "the restoration of his car driving licence at Penzance Police Court on Monday.

Mr. Jervifj said that client had been convicted on March 10th of driving a car under the influence of drink, when he had been disqualified for a year, and had also to pay a fine and Six months had now elapsed, and he was instructed that the applicant had borne a good character. Applicant's brother-in-law had been driving the van, but was shortly to be called up for military service. Stone had four hundred registered said Mr. J-ervis and had to serve so wide an area as Sennen, St.

Levan Paul and Lamorna, in addition to the whole of Buryan parish. He was also in the Home Guard, in which he was an ambulance driver, and the deprivation of his licence prevented him from attending practices. The Chief Constable (Mr. R. C.

M. Jenkins) having raised no objection, the Bench granted the application. On the evidence of P.O. Adamson, Philip Wicklam, of Fowey, was fined 10s. for committing a nuisance in South Place Folley on September 23rd.

HEAVY FINE FOR SHOWING LIGHTS Anna Dorothy Easterbrook was fined £2 on the evidence of Inspector Brown for allowing a light to be showing during the hours of darkness at 7, Lannowethroad. For a similar offence at the premises of Messrs. Tonking's Bread-street, Penzance, for which he accepted, responsibility, Arthur Reginald Charters, of Trevona, Mousehole, had to" pay £5. windows were lit up by the light which was reflected. Smith proved the case.

William Kenneth Hawes, of Hillside, Drift, had to pay 10s. for. on September 2nd, at Penzance, fadling to provide a tailboard on a vehicle used for the transit of animals. For permitting the vehicle to be so used, the owner, Thomas Oliver, of 4. Penmere-road, Treneere, Penzance, was fined £1.

The Chief Constable said that the necessity for providing a tail-board did not apply to farmers bringing their animals to market, but in cases where vehicles were used for the carrying of animals for hire, when side rails to the Vehicle must be provided. Evidence in these cases was given by Leslie Edward Perkins, Divisional Veterinary Officer under the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, and by Sergeant Fowler. Hawes was also fined £1 for. on the same date, failing to keep a record of animals being carried. Mr.

Perkins said that the Ministry regarded this type of. offence as serious, since the record provided a means of tracing the movements of animals. Humphrey Mackworth Praed Quick, Ti egenna-place, St. Ives, was fined 10s. on the evidence of P.W.R.

Yeoman for, on August 28th. causing an obstruction by leaving his car in Market Jew-street for fifty minutes, the regulation time being fifteen. Title cafe in which Thomas Henry Barrett, of 31, Tolver-road, Penzance, was summoned by his wife, Winifred Barret, fctf arrears under a maintenance order for herself and her children was adjourned for a month, Barrett to pay 30s. a week meanwhile and 2s. 6d.

off the arrears. The magistrates were the Mayor (Alderman Robert Thomas'), Judge J. W. Scobell-Armstrong, Mrs. J.

K. White, Messrs. W. H. Lane, Frank Simpson and John Birch, with the clerk (Mr.

R. B. G. Birtill) and the assistant clerk (Mr. S.

O. Watkjns). MINING TOPICS MESSRS. STRAUSS ON TIN In their monthly notes t.n Messrs. fcitrausa and (Jo.

JLAai. say: Inere are dinsiences of opiiii' in amongst American consumers on the Wisdom ol making a maximum price lor metal. One obv-ous auvantage hat passing vvij no longer tnarp temporary iluctuat.ons in quotations, which will rejeve purchasing depal tmeute of a number of unnecessary nieadacnes. but agamst this Uiere is fhe fear under certain circumstances tin which would otherwise have gone to the United States will be attracted to Hi-her parts of the world where no control exists and prices are higher. It -s then, cf course, always possib-e fox- the authorities to raise tiie maximum price, but that a great deal of the advantaged of a hxed price.

lUiuie some ground for anticipating at (lie moment tnat the supply tiiaf is likely to reacli America during the next lew months will barely meet consumer requirements, although the fixing of the maximum price is probably a minor lucttor contributing to this situation. Ivussia is buying substantial quantities 01 tin wihich until a month ago was going regularly to America, and these purchases may well continue for some time. The fixing of the maximum price must lead 'to consideration of the question whe tlier this is an important further step towards the eventual permanent control of world tin prices. Production has long been the subject of In the United Kingdom an unofiirial but very minimum price has been established for some time now. In the United States, by far the largest tin consuming country in tbe world, there is both a minimum and a maximum price.

Will these controls remain permanent features of the tin industry It is too early to come to any conclusions on this question, which will largely depend on the type of international organization that will emerge from ithe peace treaty. If, will depend, amongst other things, on the interpretation put by the Powers on the clause in the Atlantic Oharter guiairanteeing free access '0 all peoples to the raw materials of the world. The success of such control depends on two factors imagination and flexibility of mind of tihose who operate it, and the exteniu to wihich world trade as a wthole becomes subject to oositive international direction. In "The Mining Magazine" for September, there are editorial notes on the new Indian Mint, Tin, and Safety Research. There is also an article on "The Problem of Deep Mine Air Conditioning.

by Henry L. Muntgomery Larcombe, dealing with the importance of atmospheric conditions as controlling factors in deep mines. "The Crowan and Gwinear Mining District," by F. J. Stephens, is an account of past activity in Cornwall, that also covers portions of the parishes of Hayle and Phillack.

Gwithian and St. Brth. Other of the contents include Review of Mining, News Letters from Melbome, Vancouver, and Toronto. Personal column, metal markets, share quotations, "Yukon Placer Operations," by W. H.

S. McFarland, company reports, etc. THE CORNISHMAN AND CORNISH TELEGRAPH, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1941. 4 IMPORTANT NOTICE TO READERS Unless you place an order with your newsagent for a copy of "The Cornishman" to be kept for you each you will be unable to buy a copy in future. This is due to a new Grovemmenl order which forbids newsagents from returning unsold copies.

PLEASE ORDER YOUR "CORNISHMAN" AT ONCE TO AVOID DISAPPOINTMENT INCREASED NEWSPAPER POSTAGE RATE The NEW POSTAGE on The Cornishman," and "The Cornish Post" is instead of Id. pet copy. In consequence of this increase, the postal subscription rates have been revised as below: Prepaid Not Prepaid. Inland. 3 months.

3 months 6 months. 6 months 12 months. 12 months EVA'S Cash Furniture Stores, The Factory, QUEEN STREET. PENZANCE, (Just below the WALTER H. EVA, F.N.A.A..

AUCTIONEER, VALUER and ESTATE AGENT. Income Tax Consultant. Valuer for Probate. Office Address as above..

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