Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on August 29, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, August 29, 1946
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^^^« 1 i^^*«*^,'Vr*W*X*Vl'1f**'W*»***»>**** **v*?*^&'1^^i**&»ft*6l&XVUtxW^&as^ ^ HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Wednesday, Augmt 28, Tragedy Over Backward Child Disclosed By ROBERT RICHARDS United Press Staff Correspondent New York, Aug. 2(5 rr-(W)-^ A Little boy was deld today, drowned late last night in a bathtub in his Brooklyn home, because at two years and nine months he could neither walk nor tal^. Hours later, jusfas dawn broke, Vrorkers on the docks of New York harbor found the floating body of 43-year-old Joseph Mefritt, the dead child's father. 1 It was a simple and tragic story. The grief-stricken mother, Mrs. Mary Merrltt, who found her son lying face down, still clad in his pajamas, in two inches of water in the bathtub told police she knew why it had happened. "Joseph had been worried and despondent," she said, "because Kenneth was backward and could not walk or talk." This had preyed on the father's mind. He would come home from work, drop down in a chair, and spend hours just staring at the child. Mrs. Merritt told police that she left their home (6665 56th street) about 7 p. m. last nght to visit with neighbors. When she relumed about 11:30 p. m., she found the front door locked and there was no response when she knocked. This was unusual. It frightened her. She ran to the rear of the home and crawled through an open window. - In the bedroom she found her 17-year-old son. William, quietly sleeping. She breathed a sigh of relief and turned to the other bed. The covers were pulled back, and -little Kenneth was gone. Mrs. Merritt ran through the house. She found him in the bathroom, motionless in the tub. . Mrs. Mefritt screamed and lifted her son's body from the water. Neighbors, hearing her cries, summoned police and an emergency squad from a near-by hospital. They worked for an hour over the child, -but it was no use. A doctor pronounced him dead. Mrs. Merritt, shaken and weeping, told Dectective" Elwood La'wcr that Kenneth had. been under a doctor's care and that he had improved slightly: The police took down a full description of Joseph Merritt, who worked in a barrel factory. The order went out, "find him' ' Today Joseph Merritt was found. Hove Your Prescriptions Filled at CRESCENT'S Follow your doctor's prescription exactly, as to amount and frequency of dosage.; Some times even a slight variation can lessen the patient's chances for rapid recovery. Bugs Moron Convicted byJury Dayton. O., Aug. 27—(fl 5 )—George (Bugs) Moran, a rival of Al Capone in Chicago's gang wars of the prohibition era, failed to convince a jury of 11 women and one man here that he had settled down in Kentucky as a respectable business man. Moran and two pals were convicted last itight of the robbery of a tavern that called for a 10 to 25 years sojourn in Ohio State penitentiary. Throughout the 11 days' trial Moran. who was known as Bugs by Chicago Hoodlums because of his moodiness, insisted that he had been living a quiet, circimpscct life in Henderson, Ky., as an oilman. He produced two witnesses from Kentucky who agreed with him and he also offered an alibi that he was some place else when John Kurpc Jr., a tavern employe, was robbed of $10,000 last June 28. Convicted with him were Al Fouts of Dayton and Virgil (Doc) Summers of Henderson, Ky. Common Pleas Judge Robert U. Martin announced he would sentence the trio after ruling on a motion for a new trial which defense counsel prepared to submit today. Although Moran has 'escaped prison terms on several occasions, iron bars would be no novelty i'or the one-time Chicago "miracle man," so-called because he was unscathed by slugs which killed many comraes. From 1910 to 1918 le served prison terms for robbery after starting a career as a yegg back in 1905, Chicago police said. Moran joined the Caponc-Torrio gang in 1923, then went with Dion U ! Banion when Capone and Torrio split. When O'Banio was assassinated in 1924. "Bugs" took over. Prior to 1929 he lost three hcchmen and in the St. Valentine's Day massacre that year. He was accused twice of attempts on Capone's life in 1925-26. Shortly thereafter he made a quick trip to Canada and on his return he was accused many times but never prosecuted in -gang killings, including the deaths of 10 in 1930 "10 days war." A dock worker saw a- body floaling in the water of upper New York bay and notified police. Mrs. Merritt was taken to the dock. "Yes," she said, "that's the baby's father." ' CRESCENT Drug Store Phone 600 Musical, Vernon Are Major Loop Bat Leaders New York, Aug. 27 —-W)— Stan Musial of St. Louis and Mickey Vernon of Washington arc leading the major league balling races wilh. less lhan five .weeks lo go according to averages including Sunday's games. Musial opened up a 15-poinl lead on Johnny Hopp of Boslon- with 19 hits Including two homers, five doubles and* a triple, in 33 times at bat during the week, boosting his average to .380. Although Ted Williams of Boston still monopolizes the fans'~ intcresl in the American, Vernon remains in front at .344 to Williams' .340. COCKROACH INVASION Cockroaches made their first appearance in New York City at the time of the installation ot the Crotbn water system, which was piped Ihrough hollow tree trunks. From this fact', .came, the names •"Crotori-bug'" and 1 -'"waiter - William R. Herndon Photographer . PHONE 493 or 114-J Portraits Commercial Advertising Photo Copies 24 Hour Service protection FLU] There May Be No Tomorrow! Few strong, healthy persons expect to become disabled or die until some far distant tomorrow. But disability often comes, and life often ends sooner than one expects. For many there may be no tomorrow* You do intend to provide for your own care U disabled. and for your family U death deprives them of your support. But tomorrow may be too late. Call the local Woodmen representative today. Let him tell you about the sale, sound, legal reserve Woodmen life insurance certificates the Society furnishes at cost, There's one that exactly meets your needs to provide future security for yourself and your family. Learn, too, of the benefits you will receive by taking part in Woodcraft's Iraternal and social activities. WOODMEN & WORLD Life Insurance Society ©MARA, 009 A8SEJ9 ?*CE$D 1155.000,000 GUY J. DOWNING, 208 Banner Street Hope, ArkanjQi Keep o Stiff Upper Lip Jap Prince to Learn of U. S. Ideals New London, N. II., Aug. 27 —(#") — The crown prince of Japan is going to learn about Washington and Longfellow and something about American thoughts and ideal — with emphasis on JOaCC. Capt. H. L. Rubin, of U. S. Army Remount Service, tattoos identification numbers under lip of Alfred G. Vanderbilt's equine star, Yankee Dollar, at Saratoga. Operation is painless, permanent and protects against ringing. Lotus Boom a world »t These subjects will be the basis t the English-language course of he 12-year-old heir io the .Tapa- icsc throne under the tutelage of Mrs. Elizabeth Gray Vining. The Philadelphia widow, author f children's books, was happy U>lay. but somewhat astonished, by icr selection by the State Depart- nent to serve as a tutor i'or tho crown prince. She is going to Japan —her first visit to that country •— "illed with /eal for her unexpected assign- neiit. "II is a great opportunity and responsibility," she said today while •Mentioning at a farm here. "I !eel quite awed, but happy, and I lope I can contribute to the peace ind understanding of the world." Mrs. Vining. who lias no chil- li-en of her own, said she would ic only one of several tutors — •ind that she would teach English and American literature. The crown prince at present at lends the Peers school — a private school for sons of peers in Japan. Mrs. Vining said that she assumes the crown prince knows sonic English. "I cannot say just now where J. will begin until I find out just what stage of study he has reached," she explained." "I will teach him the stories every American school child knows — stories o f Washington and Longfellow and of American thoughts ;md ideals." "The emphasis," he said, "will be on a world without war and nations working together for peace." "We all hope he will prove a wise leader and, as Japan has renounced war, will lend his country in a path of peace." o More Election Contests Filed in 3 Counties By The Associated Press Additional court contests of nominations in the Democratic run-off primary waug. 13 were on file in three Arkansas counties today. At Balesbille, scene of recent war veterans' political activity, Henry Tucker filed a circuit court suit contesting his defeat for the sheriff's nomination by Mnnco J. Flynn. The independence county Flynn the winner by 22 votes. Among other things Tucker alleged known Republicans were ol- lowcd to vote and that many persons voted without poll taxes. He questioned legality of all poll tax receipts issued after Oct. ;,1, 10;'" Big U.S.Task Force Will Visit Naples Washington, AUK, 27~-lUlM--The Navy announced today Hint n detachment of U, S. warships will visit Greek ports next week, follow Ing Greece's nionnrchy plebiscite. The giant aircraft currier Franklin D. Roosevelt will lend tho uroui>. „. - .. - ... ,,. -, Acting Secretary of Stole Denn Democratic committee certified Achcson snld there Is no \ioHtk-nl r Ivnn the winner bv 22 voles. ui,r,,m,,,,,,.,,, t,, o,« ,,:.,ii ti.. ,i.,.. . ;,, such as a state law authorise ,1, rise significance in the visit. Ho described the trip n.s OMP devotocl entirely to courtesy and Roodwill. It had been reported that vhc visits were intended to deter possible violence following- the balloting Dolores Doerfler makes a charming picture as, framed in the cabin window of a boat operated by Willard Ott, she picks lotus blossoms in Fox Lake, 111. Although the lotus bloomed late this year the 750 "ores of the lake are covered with the largest crop in 10 years. This Curious World By William Ferguson CAN FLY AT A RATE OF COPR. 1946 BY NEA SERVICE. INC. T. M. REG. U. S. PAT. OFF. AND EARLY SETTLERS BELIEVED THAT NO ' POISONOUS SERPEMTS WOULD BE FOUND IN THE.' SAME AREA WITH THE. 'CANDIDATES CAN TOSS THEIR. HAT IN THE RIN6 AMD STILL KEEP IT ON THEIR HEAD," Says MR. JOHNNIE WEBB, British Search for Hidden Arms As terrorist forces in Palestine pursue their "war of nerves" against the British by telephoning warnings that certain buildings are mined and will be blown up, the British intensify their search for hidden arms and munitions. In photo above, an officer in charge of a searching party inspects hole in buttress under a bridge arms cache was discovered. returned veterans.- .' ;.|IHII.MI -• Jack Flnlcy Rob'ii1sbAi!il|fbught suit in Mississippi Circuit' "c'ourt at Osceola seeking to have himself declared the nominee for sheriff. William Borryman ' certified as 232-votc winner by county committee. Robinson alleged various frauds in voting. Third contest was filed at Conway, where Faulkner county judge Louis F. Noggle sought to cslablish right to a second term. The county commitlcc cerlified his defeat for re-nomination by Roy Sims by a 47-volc margin. o Soys Now Time for Diversification Far mCrops ycttevillc, Aug. 27 — -•{•.;Advising that now is the timc-j to begin .diversification of crops, R. E. Short of Brinkley president of Ihc Arkansas Farm Bttffcau, said here loday that -Ibis -;~s?tatc would be among the firsl hit^whcn farm prices drop. ~<,f */a He spoke before 300 extension service workers of the University of Arkansa's college of agriculture at their annual conference,; which on abolishing the nionnrchy. M Tlic Navy announcement said only that It was n "visit of courtesy" arranged by the Suite department. The Navy snid the visit of -,hc FDR was arranged "because of the great admiration of the Greek »co- S ic for the late President Franklin . Roosevelt," The carrier, accompanied by the cruiser Little Rock and the destroyers New, Cone and Corry, will call nt Piraeus, the port of Athens, from Sept. 5 to Sept. 9. At the same lime, the destroyers Noa and Warrington will visit Salonika. Informed sources said ihe visits were timed alter the plebiscite to avoid any charge that the United Stales was trying to influence the outcome . Naples, Aug. 17 —(UP>- Thc extends throughout the Short said the U. S. Depart ' ent Williams Escape?; Injury in Auto Accident Holliston, Mass., Aug. 27 — (IP) 'cd Williams, Boston Rod Sox oul- iclcler and leading thu American caguc slugger, escaped injury lo- lay when his automobile was in collision with another on a rain-wet lighway as the pennanl-bound Sox raveled lo an exhibition game. Williams' wife, traveling w i t h nim, was severely shafccn. Stale Trooper John Blake and Wrs. Blake also wore traveling in he Williams car. o of Agriculture anticipates a'snarp lrop in crop prices by 1950 and :slimalcd lhat cotton —' •••-'-- nlonc would suffer a cut $18,000,000. Banned in U. S. Triplett Goes to Mexican League arc " nd "II is up lo us lo gel in as much crop divcrsficalion as we can," ic said. o Actor's Daughter to Marry Hero of British Airforce Beverly Hills, Calif., Aug. 27 — VP>— Mrs. Nigel Bruce, wife of Ihe aclor, announced loday her daugh- .cr, Pauline, 23, would be married Sunday lo RAF Squadron Leader Geoffrey Pago, 20, Battle of Britain veteran credited with downing 15 German planes. She said the Pages and the Bruces had been friends for years and that the young couple mcl Ihis summer while Page, who is aide do camp lo Air Chief Marshal Sir Guy Garrod in New York Cily, was visiling al Ihc Bruce home here. The ceremony will be held in Ihe First Presbyterian church in San- la Barbara. Miss Bruce's sisler, """T.'u o. r , J Mrs - Ja -V Gould m > win bc matron le ot tho St. Louis i of honor, and bust man will bu promising pros-!RAF Squadron Leader John Mitch- Mexico City, Aug. 27 — (UP) — Hooper Triplell, banned for life bv organized baseball for allegedly belling againsl his own leam. lo day found refuge in the Mexicai ucaguo where he will play Ihe oul field for NucvoLaredo. Triplett, 26, one Cardinals' most poets when playing with their Columbus, Ga., team in Ihc South Atlantic League, telegraphed his ac- ccplance of a conlracl offer lo league headquarters hero. A Mexican loop spokesman said Ihc hard- hilling outfielder was enroutc here. By taking Ihe Nuevo Laredo job, Triplell probably ended all chance of over being reinstated into organized baseball in the United Stales Although he was suspended for all- limc by President William G. Bramham of the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues, he could have appealed to the minor leagues' executive committee. Bramham said evidence showed lhal Triplell bol $20 lhal Columbia, S. C.. would win an Aug. game wilh Columbus. Bul Ihc oul- ficldcr — a brother of former major leaguer Coakcr Triplell—main- lainecl he was only "fooling around." When suspended, Triplett was loading his team in batting with a .314 average. In 1940, he won the Sally League batting championship wilh Columbus. Among other former U. S. players on the Nuevo Laredo team is Roland Gladu, one-time member I of Ihc Boslon Braves uncl Brooklyn Dodgers. giant aircraft carrier U. S. S. Franklin D. Roosevelt escorted by Iwo cruisers and five destroyers entered the Bay of Naples today after training maneuvers in Ihc western Mediterranean. The warships arc touring the Mediterranean. They will remain in Naples a few days. (A Washington dispatch said the American warships would visit Greek ports shortly after next Sunday's plebcscite on the monarcny. (A United Press dispatch Jlrom Cyprus said British warships including the cruiser Mauritius so"on will hold Maneuvers west of Cyprus, an island lying in the eastern Mediterranean s o u t h c a s I of Greece.) The American task force is commanded by Vice Admiral Bernard Biori, commander of U. S. naval forces in the Mediterranean. His flagship is Ihc cruiser Fargo, one of Iwo cruisers with Ihc force. The warships entered Ihc bay al 8 a.m. from Gibraltar. Two destroyers and the cruiser U.S.S. Huntington, now at Trieste, arc expected to join the main force within the next week. Arrival of Ihe Franklin D. Roose- ycll, Ihe newest American carrier, in the Mcdilcrrancan on Aug. 34 coincided with the focusing of in- lernalional atlcnlion on Ihc Dardanelles, in addilion lo Ihc dispulc over Tricsle. The Russians have charged thai Ihe Unilcd Slales is making a show of naval force in Ihc Mediterranean. Recently Iho battleship Mis souri visited Turkey, carrying home the body of the late Turkish ambassador lo Ihe Unilcd Slates. Biori assumed Ihe Mediterranean command three months ago. A short time later he look Ihc Fargo lo Trioslc during disturbances there. He said at that time Ihe Fargo's visil was part of a routine lour around porls within his com mand zone. Charges Grid Players Are Lured Away * S|> By LEO H. PETERSEN United Pess Sports Editor New York. Aug. 28 —(UP/— Charges that colleges were trying to lure star'foolhall players .\sltii "fnnlastic financial offers" found Mnj. Gen, Maxwell D. Taylor, vno ' knows what fighting is nil about,:, the storm center today of the big-., Host bombshell ever to hit inter-; collegiate athletics. j His charges, growing out of the j Tom (Shorty) McWilliams case**, found little support among "thr * nntlon's football leaders. For the " most purl they chorused a denial > and challenged Taylor, whose! vnlor won him many honors on I World Wnr II battlefields, to prove , his allegations. j They felt Unit Taylor, supcrln. : tendcnt of the United Stales Mill- •' l."\v Academy al West Point, was I pointing suspiciously to Mississippi : ' Sin to when he denied a report that j McWillinms, n star halfback on i Army's 1945 unbeaten eleven, liadi been refused permission to resigns- from the Cndct Corps. •' Allyn McKccn, Mississippi Stale i football coach, challenged Taylor * to present proof or withdraw his ', charges if his school was the one '., the general hnd in mind whan he , made his charges of "buying" alh- i letcs. McKccn precipitated the con- 1> troversy when he charged lha't'i McWillinms was not allowed to rc-;t sign because he was "n star foot-' ball player," and the Mississippi' State coach said today he would' stick to his guns. ' ell, assistant British air attache in Washington, D. C. The couple will honeymoon in San Francisco and Carmel, Calif., and later make their home in England. It is the first niiirrlagu lor each. o Woman Struck fay Train Dies of Injuries Springfield. Mo., Aug. 20 —(/[')— Mrs. Nettie Mitchell, 65, of Hominy, Okla., died this morning at n hospital here a little more than an hour after she was struck by a slowly-moving train as she crossed the tracks in front of the Frisco station. Mrs. Mitchell had boon here to visit her son, G. D. Mitchell, 47, of Webb City, OUla., who was injured early Saturday in an auto accident near here. She was preparing to board the Frisco's Meteor for the return trip to her home. Coroner Murray C. Stone said: "Sho apparently was worried about her son's condition and just didn't sec the train." pCEANIC WASH TUB Native women of Curacao off! the Venezuelan coast, use the ocean as the family washing tui> and hang their clothes on prongs and cactus plants. reef SCENTED TEA Exposing the dried leaves to the blossoms of such flowers as llio swccl-sccnlcd olive, Ihe gardenia, rose and jasmine, is the- j. ill. -ti used lo scent lea arufiu.ii, -. American generals numbered Tired, All-ln^- Listless Feeling Brought To Halt As Vibrant Energy is Released C To Every Muscle, Fibre, Cell ', Do you got up In the mornlnua still < tired, fool down-nnci-out nil day? Hava v you checkPd-up on your blood strength lately? Overwork, undue worry, cold, flu or other Illness often wears down tbs rcd-blood-cells. Every day—every hour—millions of tiny red-blood-cells must pour forth , from the marrow of your bones to replace those that are worn-out. A low blood count may affect you In several ways: no appetite, underweight, no energy, a run-down condition, lack of resistance to Infection and disease. .«, To get real relief you must keep up;™ your blood strength. Medical authorities, by analysis of the blood, have by positive proof shown that SSS Tonic Is amazingly cffecttvo In building up.low blood strength In non-organic nutritional anemia. This Is due to the SSS Tonic formula which contains special and potent activating Ingredients. Also, SSS Tonic helps you enjoy the food you cat by Increasing the gastric digestive juice when It Is non-organl- cally too little or scanty—thus the stomach will have little cause to get balky with gas, bloat and give off that sour food taste. Don't wait! Energize your body with rich, red-blood. Start on SSS Tonic now. -|v As vigorous blood surges throughout'. • your whole body, greater freshness and, strength should make you eat better, sleep better, feel better, work better, play better, have a healthy color glow In your skin—firm flesh nil out hollow places. Millions of bottles sold. Get a bottle from your drug store. ''SS Tonic • holns Build Sturdy Health. ' *. ' 1.050 it the wSrld War II peak. ™P» Build Sturdy H«Ith. few* 'Pepei-Cola Company, Long Island Citv. N. Y. Franchised Bottler: Pepsi-Cold Bottling Co. of Texarkana VETERANS! TURN YOUR MOS INTO A GOOD JOft NCVV HIGHER PAY SCALES NOW IN iFFfCl If you held one of certain Opportunity for advance. Army Military Occupational inent, good, steady work.'Get i Specialties you may jiow en. all- the facts at your nearest list in the new Regular Army U.S. Army Recruiting Station, at a. grade commensurate with your skill and experience, provided you enlist for 3 years and within a prescribed time after your last satisfactory military service. A GOOD JOB FOH YOU •0 II, S. Army CITY HALL BUILPING • , ,'•'•: i ' Hope, Arkansas HEAR The GOSPEL OF CHRIST _ Romans 1:16 1 Cor, 9:18 2 Cor. PREACHED B.C. ROW E of Lawrenceburg, Tenn, AT THE CHURCH OF CHRIST FIFTH ANP GRADY 5T5. Hope, Arkansas August 29th thru Sept. 8th CONGREGATIONAL SINGING Led by JOHN CANNON Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor - Alex. H. Waehburn 'The Seas Arc Free' and Admiral Halscy Really Means It You runcl on Ihis page yesterday /tfminil Williiim F. (Bull) Halscy's treed for the United States Navy. Home fioin a 28, 000-mile lour of Central and South America, the admiral was asked this question by Washington reporters: "In view of reported protests that U. S. ships in the Mediterranean constitute a threat to some other nation, do you think we should get our ships oul of there to avoid such criticism?" Replied the admiral: "No, I do not. It's nobody's damn " usincss where we go. We will go , lywhcre we please." And then he clarified, his statement, adding: "Not to any foreign country. I don't mean that. But to any ocean or sea — lo any waters not within the legal limit of a country's sovereignty." Thus a perfect restatement of American foreign policy that is as old as our country is — Ihc freedom who think argu- Hone of the seas. Bookish folks mcnts begin and end on paper may accuse Ihc admiral of swash-buck- •Vug. But Halscy isn't thinking in terms of baltloships alone when he speaks for the freedom of Ihe seas. The righl of an unarmed merchantman or a palatial passenger liner lo cruise anywhere in Ihe world (so long as it docs not enter the territorial, waters governed by another nation) is a right thai depends on Ihc abilily of warship, lo go llicrc also. Why kid ourselves? This democracy of ours is no war-monger. But we are grownup people. And \.i anybody is going to loll us lo slay out of the Mediterranean we know the next thing they will say is lhal the Mediterranean belongs to them. o * -K -K By JOHN O. GUNN (James Thrasher is on vacation) Uncompromising Pt|jspect Under normal circumslances, Ihc wilhdrawal from the international scene of Russia's Maxim Litvinov might bc of little significance. He , is old enough lo retire from public *'ifc, and his past accomplishments in the Soviet service ces- tainly have earned him the right nop 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47 NO. 271 Star of Hooe. 1899: PreM. 1927. OPA Clings to Schedule on Meat Ceilings By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON Washington, Aug. 29 — —OPA clung today lo its schedule for restoring meat price ceilings September 9 despite the 11 in hour snarl thai kept live animals free of controls for four extra days. When the new • schedules are posted, however, they will average about five and one-half cents a pound higher for beef and between two and one-half and three cents a pound more for pork than June 30 ceilings. But they'll still be below current costs OPA and the Agriculture department agreed on those estimates after diuering sharply on what ceilings to clamp on the livestock markets. Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P. Anderson resolved that dispute by taking advantage ot the new power congress granted him. He directed OPA Cmcf Paul Porter to hike the June 30 live animal ceilings by $2.25 a hundred for beef and $1.40 for pork in an effort lO Slimilhitr* nrrt d ii^t !«., Cook Denies Some Workers Fired for Political Reasons Little Rock, Aug. 29 — /UP)— Otho A. Cook, stale revenue commissioner, has denied that any employees of his department in Mississippi county were fired for political reasons. Yesterday at Blylhcville two long-time employees of the revenue department announced that their services with the stale had been terminated — and one of the Duo alleged that politics entered into his discharge. Curtis J. Little, for seven years senior inspector in charge of the Arkansas permit station at the Missouri slate line, was notified Friday that he had been discharged and that h i s services vould be terminated that day, he CQ :j said. Mrs. Pearl Conway of Osccola, as sistant inspector of the state revenue office in Osccoln for the past six years, said she was notified Friday that she was being discharged as of the following day. Little said he was visited the day before the Aug. 13 primary by a man who told him how lie must vole in the primary if he. wanted oKccnliisiob • Commissioner Cook said that "no one from this department has contacted an employe in Mississippi county regarding politics." Cook said that both Little and 1 1 1 ci th Hi w< CO ga Hi . is w wl m cs le Fi si. a cli ni th M .la r,' Star ''•$f , * . WEATHER FOR6CACT Arkansas: Partly cloudy, cooler, scattered showers in'extreme south portion this afternoon. Cooler tonight. Friday partly cloudy and continued cool. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TrWRSDAY, AUGUST 29, 1946 —Associated Pres« (NEA1—Means Newsoaoer Enterorlw Au'n. PRICE 5c COPY Top Men Meet to Iron Out Parley Troubles By ROBERT EUNSON Paris, Aug. 29 —(IF)— The foreign ministers of Britain, Russia, the United Stales and France vnct this afternoon in an effort to find a way of revitalizing the Paris peace lo spend his declining secluded leisure. years in Bul the current world silualion by no conceivable stretch of the imagination could be termed "normal." The unanimity wr?;ch won a war for the Allies seems to have dissolved with the surrender of the Axis. Nation bailies nalion and bloc battles bloc at the UN meeting? in New York and at Ihe peace .conference in Paris. The peace for .Vhich Ihe world waited through I "six long, bloody years-has disintegrated into a'"war of"nerves" in which crisis follows crisis with crisis with devastating rapidily. Nor can Ihe condilions surrounding Lilvinov's wilhdrawal from world affairs be considered "nor mal". Here, obviously, was no volunlary retirement of an aging stalcsman; here was a rcpudialion of an individual by Ihc government he served. The Kremlin made no effort to disguise thai fact— it .nimply announced tersely, over the •Moscow radio, that the Council of Ministers had "released Maxim Litvinov from his duties as deputy minister of foreign affairs." Tho Lilvinov announcement assumes, therefore, a significance which in happier days and under happier circumstances it would nol have possessed. No reason of any kind was given for Moscow's cu- may have lilllc doubt as lo what rious action. But the Western world prompted it. Maxim Litvinov has long been ..known as perhaps the leading ad- 'vocalc in high Soviet circles of friendship between Russia and the Western Allies. He was the author of the phrase "Peace is indivisible," a phrase. in which he so sincerely believed that he devoted his entire diplomatic career to effectuating it. It seems to us perfectly appar- ant that Lilvinov's dismissal w;*.i clue primarily —if nol solely— lo Ihc reasonable and friendly altitude lie championed toward the Western Allies. Only thus docs it i^.nake sense, considered in Ihc context of Russia's present domestic and international, policy. The Kremlin apparently is deter- niincd to pursue ils own course in world affairs, scornful of compromise and impatient of criticism. That fad has all loo oflcn bceii gatherings of the pasl several mon demonstrated at Ihe international ths. The world will miss Maxim Lit vinov. But Soviet foreign policy will miss him no less. It will miss nol only Ihe friends he made for {-•nRussia, bul also the temperate and compromising influence he always strove to exert on his diplomatic colleagues. The cause of peace has been injured by his removal, we arc afraid—and the cause oj peace is no less Ihe cause ol Russia lhan il is lhal of Ihe Western World. Cost of Living Commit- tec loday labeled this action as the climax to "a long scries of incidents in which Anderson has acled as mouthpiece for profiteers." In a statement issued by Chairman John Thornton, the committee said American living standards have been dealt "a new and disastrous blow" and added: „ h n cou ,' Ul ' y has a "fiht to know whether the president stands behind Anderson's decision." The cabinet officer himself had pointed to what he called an alarming' liquidation of livcslock during the period of no conlrols and asserted in a statement: 'The whole situation clearly emphasizes the urgent need for price levels which wlli be a stimulus or future production, rather than ducel - s w , hlch would impede pro- Thc new live animal ceilings were to have gone into effect last midnight, but OPA late yesterday announced a delay until Sunday vo permit the agency to complcle work on a new sel of price tops for packers, wholesalers and retailers reflecting the higher levels ordered by the secretary. OPA said ceilings still will apply bunday to slaughterers and packers on September 5 to wholesalers and on September 0 to the butcher snops. To complete Ihe program, the KoconslrHction 'Finance 'Corpora tion announced last night that cf leclive Sunday il is restoring the slaughter subsidies which lapsed with price control June 30 2H£T Isc ,:"!° fa _ od P' icc 'l 3i <=ture conference. Shortly before the ministers Vlrs. Conway were discharged because of "inefficiency." "There positions were supposed to terminate Sept. 1," he declared. „,....,,.. , ,. _, "There may be.other personnel Their first task, itjvas believed, changes coming." gathered in the office of Gcroges Bidault, urcsidcnt and foreign mhi- islcr of France, the conference had witnessed unoincr of Uic clashes have bedeviled the peace making. An Australian proposal to cslablish a sub-committee lo collect factual data on the Italian- French frontier was beaten 13 to six in Ihc Ilalian commission aflcr heagcd Auslralian-Russian exchange. The four principal powers and nc other nations voted against the Australian plan. U. S. Secretary of Stale James Minisler V. M. Mololov and Bi- lary Ernest Bcvin, Soviet Foreign I 1 '. Byrnes, Brilish Foreign Secrc- dault met in Ihe building conlain- treatics which they too hoped end war. No Hospitals in Twenty-Three Arkansas Counties Fayetlcville, Aug. 29 — (UP) — Twenty-three Arkansas counties iav(5 no hospital facilities and there is no county in the state where medical standards of 3.5 beds to each 1,000 persons are net, according lo Miss Helen Hob- iison, extension health education Specialist of the University of Arcansas. Speaking lo some 300 extension service workers here ycslerday, Miss Robinson said lhal a recenl survey revealed Arkansas hospitals lave a capacity of 3,552 beds. She said that 3,448 additional beds are needed to meet medical sland- ards. Miss Robinson also told the extension workers that 750 additional physicians are needed in the slalc, f U. S. Heallh Service slandards of one physician lo each 10,000 persons is lo be met There arc low 1,250 doctors in the stale, she said. • Incomes to Exceed Boom of War Years By FRANCIS M. LEMAY Washington, Aug. 29 — (IP)— Figures compiled by government experts today indicate that individual incomes will set a record of around $165,000,000,000 this fiscal year — exceeding the booming war year of 1945 by $5,000,000,00. Moreover, information gathered by the taxalion staff employed by Congress and rmnde available to a reporter suggests lhal even Ihis esumate mignt be revised upward before the fiscal year ends next Juno 30. This raised a possibility thai Ihe federal budgel, thrown oul of kilter by depression and war, might be broughl inlo balance. All Ihese things are based on Ihe assumption thai the nation will rp- main • relatively -free of tmy-Vlarge was to devise a common ground for dealing with Ihe 300 amendments lo treaty drafts which have shoed the conference under. As they mel only the preambles to four of Ihe treaties had been adopted in commissions. The conference itself had yet to pass on most of these; having passed on less than 200 of the 55,000 words in the five trcalies for Bulgaria, Italy, Romania .Finland and Hungary. Secrclary Byrnes was- the first to arrive at the Quai D'Orsay. He was accompanied by his advisors for the meeting, Senators Arthur Vandenberg (.R-Mich) and Tom Connally U-Tex), and his inler- pre.tcr, Charles Bohlen. John A. Beasley. the Australian delegate, took up the award ol the Mont Cenis plateau to France in particular in his argument before the Italian commission that a special committee should make £ study on all disputed territorial questions connected with the Italian treaty. Referring lo papers collected on the question by a commillee of experls for Ihe deputy foreign ministers of Britain, Russia, the Unted States and France, Beasley - • - • • never ; :seen scale strikes :Tor the fiscal year. ihe remainder of The new income estimales, concurred in by the budget bureau, compare with official predictions Pulaski Youngster Named Head of , State 4-H Clubs Fayotteville, Aug. 29 — (#")—Thur- inan Dabbs, Pulaski county farm youth, was elected president of the Arkansas 4-H clubs al Ihe state camp of club members at the University of Arkansas loday. Dabbs is a member and former president ot the David O. Dodd 4-H . -«w« [jiii.1; l-llutUlU included increases .for prepared pancake and waffle mixes, canned Hawaiian pineapple and pineapple juice, canned salmon, and most nr?A ui A says the popular 20-ouncc sizes of plain pancake and wafflo mix as well as buckwheat pancake mix will rise two to three cents because ot higher prices on flour •and corn meal. , F i a "r y ? n S ed Ha waiian pineapple Will climb four cents a No. 2 1-2 :an. The agency said this resulted nHowori" nin CI ' CaS i C ° f 13 ' 5 P crccnt allowed pineapple processors on the entire 1940 Hawaiian crop A one pound can of Alaskan red sa .J"™» will cost six cents more wnile Ihc pink variety goes up four cents. This results from a 12 1-2 per cent increase for salmon can- icrs ordered by Anderson to encourage production. The sy^rup boosts will amount to Continued on Page Two last year lhat the 1947 income would bc around $130,000,000,000. On Ihe basis of Ihosc figures Congress wrote the first tax reduction in 16 years.' President Truman took note of Ihe unexpcclcd u p w a r d trend earlier this month when, in a revised budget message, he csti- maled lax revenues al $39,600,000,000, againsl his January forcast of $31,500,000,00. The peak income year of 1945 produced $43,800.000,00 in lax receipts. These fell to $40,672,000,000 in the year ended last June 30. Notwithstanding the $6,000,000,000 slash written by Congress in the firsl postwar lax bill ,Mr. Truman's lalcsl cslimale of lax revenues for fiscal 1947 is only aboul SI, 000,000,000 below collodions in Ihc previous year. Al Ihc same lime Ihc govern -mcnt has ordered cxlansive cutbacks or delays in various fedora! construction. Security Council Showdown on Eight Applicants; U. S. to Veto Red-Backed Albania By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER ^'-applications at the end of Ihc dc Lake Success, N. Y., Aug. 29 —bate, Outer Mongolia was takci - (/I 1 )— Paul Hasluek, Australia dele- un. gate lo Ihe Unilcd Nations security council, today charged Soviel ] Russia with "prejudice" in vcfus- I ing lo accept Transjordan's application for U. N. membership because Ihe Soviets have no diplo- " malic relations with thai country. The council, considering eight '. applications on the last day in j which it may complete action for 2 the Scplembcr meeting of the gen- Dr. C. L. Ilsia, Chinese delegate said China was prepared to sup port Outer Mongolia "if we eve come lo Ihe voling." China origin ally had recommended Ihc applica lion wail until next year for tli U. N. lo know Outer Mongolu "more intimately.' Andrei A. Gromyko, Soviet dele gale, cited support given tho Rc< Army bv Outer Moneolia. eral assembly, ran into a snarl The British and United Stale e Australia, the , Netherlands, the United States, Egypt, France, f Great Britain and China chal- delegales stated their opposition t laking in Mongolia al Ihis lime Botli souahl deferment of this an £ lengcd Andrei A. Gromyko, Soviet plication." . delegate to explain his stand. Afghanistan, the next counlrv Hasluek saici the Transjordun application would fail now through the velo because il docs nol have relations with Russia. Declaring that the council members have a responsibility to all was given a clean slate with litll discussion. By CHARLES A. GRUMICH Lake Success, N. Y., Aug. 2 9- I/PI — Tlin sonnritv pmmnil MKsnm ... these documents." "I'll tell you more," he stormed. "This committee of experls never went to this palcc. How can they give us any information?" Replying to the charge of the Soviet deputy foreign ministers, Andrei Y. Vishinsky, that the proposal for - a sub-commillee came from persons ."who hadn't studied" ine siuialion, Beasley said: "It is because we have sludicd il thai we want more information." The vote on the question, which lined . up only Belgium, Brazil, Greece, Ihe Netherlands and South Africa with the Australians, came just before Ihe foreign min- islcrs of Britain, Russia the United Stales and France mcl in a Big Four session in an attempt to revive the conference now in the latler half of ils fifth week. This was the second set-back to major Australian amcndmnets in Iho conference. Ycslerday Auslral- ia was beaten have Russia's in her efforts to $1,000,000,00 reparations bill against Ihc live former enemy slates involved hero sot aside for six months and made the subject of a special commission study. club of Pulaski county. Other officers named include Secretary, Peggy Jane Read of Vanndalc, Cross county; vice president for the northwest section, Pat U. N. members and nol solely' lo their own governments, Hasluek said: "We cannot on grounds thai amount to prejudice" reject any nation. Mexico also joined in questioning Russia's stand. Gromyko replied briefly to the delegates with the statement that it seemed to him he was clear enough on his motives and chat he had nothing to add. The council adjourned for lunch, to meet'again at 2:30 p. m. EOT China and Sovicl Russia support- %/liibbs. Route One, Fort Smith; vice od the application of Ihc Mongo- jjrcsidcnl southeast, Charles Ken- lian people's republic for admis- ncmur. Route One, Roland, Pulaski county; vice president, southwest, Lexyis Smith, Aplin, Perry county; vk'o president, northeast, Glen MeDoniel, Tuckerman, Jack- Cokcr, Harrisburg, ton county. Currcy E. Poinsell county, was named president of the state 4-H club leaders council. sion and thus differed openly with tho United States and Great Britain on tho second of cighl applications lo bc taken up by Ihe council. \Vhen discussion of Albania, lo whiph tho United Slales was o-p- posed, was completed with a brief parliamentary skirmish in which the council decided to vote on all bled today for a final showdown on eight applicants for United Nations membership in the virtual certainly that the United States would veto Ihc bids of Sovicl-sup- ported Albania and Outer Mongolia. Dr. Oscar Lange, president of the council, warned 'ihc delegates lo bc prepared for morning, afternoon and evening sessions in order lo complete consideration of the applications, which must be submitted lo all the United Naliuns before the general assembly meets next month. First item on the agenda al ihe morning session, scheduled 'or 10:30 a. m. (EDT). was a pica by a Yugoslav spokesman for approval pi (lie Albanian application, which was hotly opposed yesterday by a .reprtiStmlalivt! of Greece. The prospect of an American blackball of bolh Albania and ouler Mongolia developed yeslerday Continued on Page Two Jap Atrocities Told in War Hearings Hong Kong, Aug. 2 !)— (UP) — Japanese guards opened fire OP hundreds of British and Canadian prisoners of war who tried lo escape- from Ihe hold of a prison ship after it was torpedoed in 1942, the Hong Kong war crimes tribunal was told loday. Frank B. Miles, a Brilish resi- denl of Hong Kong who survived the alleged shooting, said Japanese gunboats later poured small arms fire inlo Ihe group of prisoners as they struggled in the water. A total 9f 840 men died during the ship's jpurney, according lo Ihe prosecution. Gcnichiro Niimori, a Japanese civilian interpreter, is charged with direct responsibility for the deaths". He pleaded innocent as the trial opened yesterday. Miles said conditions aboard the ship, Lisbon Maru, were 'incredibly foul' and thai 60 per ceni of Ihe original 1.816 prisoners suffered from malnutrition. Most of their, were jammed into the No. 2 hold, he teslified. The defendant twitched nervously and looked at the floor when Miles charged that prisoners ii the No. 3 hold were given urine to drink when they asked for water. Niimori listened intently as Miles, told how the men were ordered bc- lo'.y when the torpedo struck. Miles said the prisoners feared from suffocation and that Dung thomsclvps to (he dt'k neither talked nor moved. He .said tho Japanese gunboats continued firing when the men jumped inlo Ihc water as the ship began to list. None of the boats attempted a rescue, he staled. Miles said he and 1U others were on u lifo raft, for four days. S,ev- L'lal of tho survivors became scared from drinking sea water, he said. Later Ihey were picked up by a Jap destroyer and re- lurjied to Shanghai. Radio Station Ready to Set Up on Moon Pittsburgh, Aug. 29 — (UP) Sci'enlisls said Wednesday they were' ready to set up radio stalion "M-O-O-N" on Ihc moon, as soon as the army flies a rockel there. Plans for a 100-pound "rocket ra dio," powerful enough to broadcast through tne 240,000 miles of space from the moon lo the earth, were announced by Dr. J. A. Hutcheson, associale .director of Westinghouse research laboratories. The 100-watt radio transmitter was designed to go aboard the moon-bound rockets which the army has said it will building within 18 months. The ultra short wave radio would broadcasl for one minute each hour to save the battery power supply "Such hourly broadcasts not only would report 'the progress and landing of the rocket but also migh be used to record temperature changes on the moon," Hutcheson said. -i ^"Station M-O-O-N might also help us discover many facts which are now largely a matter of con jecture. It generally is assumec that there is no moisture on the moon because we can see no evi dence of atmosphere in the form of clouds and haze. 'Instrument aboard the rocket could check on this fact and relay the answer tc earth by radio,' 'he said. . t Hutche'son, who is head of, th microwave, radat.-.and nuclea physics divisions of Westinghous laboratories, said there was not problem to landing a 4,000-mile per-hour rocket withoul smashin Ihc delicale radio equipment "When the rockel approachc Ihe moon, a tiny radio sel weigh ing only a few ounces would tfe lect the fact. This automaticall would turn on reverse rockets an turn off the forward rockel power, the scientist said. This was th same principle as the proximit fuse used during the war. Dr. Hutcheson detailed the mcth od by which the radio transmitle would record temperature change on the moon. "Since resistance o wire changes according lo terr peraturc, this change could b made to vary the frequency modul lion of Ihc radio transmitter an change the tone of the signal which would bc received on earth." o Commander of Eichfeeld Is Fined by Court Bad Nauhcim, Germany, Aug. 29 — — Col. James A. Kilian of Highland Park, 111., former com- iiander of the U. S. Army's replacement depot al Lichfield, Eng- and, was convicted today of pcr- nitting cruel and unusual punish- nont of American soldiers imprisoned in the depot guardhouse. Kilian was fined $500 and reprimanded by the seven-officer mili- lary courl. The courl convicted liim after two hours deliberation at the end of the 10-week trial. Kilian v/as acquitted of "aiding and abetting" cruelties for which line enlisted guards and lh.rce subordinate officers have been convicted. The courl martial cleared lim also of charges of "knowingly" permitting cruelties. The colonel had testified that if prisoners at Lichfield were mis trealed, he knew nolhing aboul it. The court found thai Kilian had pcrmilled Ihese punishments: Striking prisoners with fists and clubs, kicKing them in the body, or forcing them to stand nose and toes againsl a wall or in other strained positions for protracted periods. More than a score of soldier witnesses, most of them former pris oners of the Lichfield guardhouse, China May Try Coalition Plan of All Parties Nanking, Aug. 29 —(A 5 )— Gener- lissimo Chiang Kaishek was rc- ortcd reliably loday to have ap- rovcd the creation of a commit- ce of five, headed .by American Ambassador John Leghton Stuart, o clca rlhe way for. a coalilion overnment taking in all parties. 'ins was regarded here as the most hopeful development in Ihc Chinese silualion in recenl weeks. It came as fighting in the north ncreascd sharply in intcnsily, and s Ihe Communists announced they might set up their own separate national government" rather than cccpt any new constitulion in vhich they did nol have a voice. The primary objective of,.Sluarl's ommitlce would be lo bring Ihc Luominlang and minor parlies together in a 40-man state council vhich would serve as an interim oalition governing body unlil a more permanent administration is ormed at the Nov. 12 national as- j ;embly. Premier T. V. Soong called on Ambassador Stuart today and presented Ihe names of the govern- nent members — Wu Te-chen, secretary-general of the Kuomintang, and Chang Li-sheng, minisler of he inlerior — who are slated to serve around Ihe same conference able wilh Communists Chou En- ai and Tung Pi-wu. The government choices are scheduled to leave for the summer capital at Ruling tomorrow to receive instructions from .the generalissimo. The committee probably would not begin functioning until early next week. The most difficult problem before the group would be to slrike an acceplable voting balance to sat- sfy Communist fears of being dominaled by the Kuomintang. Yenan wants a veto power — two-lhirds vote instead of a sim pie majority — on all questions affecting decisions reached by last February's all-parly political conference. These decisions .laid out the course the nation must follow if it is to achieve constitutional democracy. Ambassador Stuart-was be optimistic'these procedural details would be disposed of by "men of good will." Formation of the council presumably would bring 'ton end to hostilities and give General Marshall and the Communist and Nationalist members of his committee of three a free hand to proceed with the mililary reorganizalion of China and Ihc restoration of disrupted communications. McClellan Plans to Leave for West Coast Camden, Aug. 29 —(UP)— Senator John L. McClellan, here for a rest this week, planned to leave Monday for the west coast as chairman of a Senate sub-committee which will inspect sites offered for location of the Naval Academy's post-graduate school. Yesterday, Sen. McClellan told a Camden civic club that continued deficit spending must result in financial disaster. "Pressure is too great on the federal government for every sort of project," he declared, "and Ihere is a s.trong trend toward paternalism, state socialism and even communism." Advocating production as the only answer to inflationary trends, McClellan said "the sooner Americans get aown to work and pro- uuce more goods; the sooner the threat ol iniiaUcn will be removed." July Traffic Death Far Below Average Chicago, Aug. 29 — (UP) —The National Safely. Council cited July traffic death totals today to show thai Ihe nalion apparently had snapped out of ils postwar "high way hysteria." The July figure of 2,530 dealh was 34 per cent below the las peacetime July in 1941, the counci said, and was the third month in a row in which the traffic toll wa substantially under the pre-war level. An intensified safety program.be- gun last May by President Truman's highway safety conference and backed by newspapers, magazines and radio was credited for the decrease. "The • break apparently has come," said Council President Ned Dearborn. ' Although the death total was higher than last year, when gasoline rationing; and wartime restrictions were -'still In' effect,-;.the 'coun- Can't Contact Many Americans Held by Poles By EDWIN NEWMAN Washington, Aug. 29 — (UP) — 'oland has arrested between 50 nd 60 American citizens within he last year and the United States as had only meager success try- ng to reach them, it was learned/ ,oday. Most of the arrests were report- d based on charges of —ember- hip hi Nazi organizations, some of which the Poles say are still operating: The problem was complicated by Poland's claim, that many* were Polish rather than American • citizens. Informed officials said the Amer- " can embassy in Warsaw had .been' ible to communicate with only a landful of the prisoners. They were ' encouraged, however, by the fact hat the arrests have been on the downgrade and a few persons have already been released. These quarters revealed that here were some 20,000 American citizens in -Poland who want to" re-urn to. this.country. They-said the- State Department was having e'at. difficulty on the question ol their repatriation, largely because • of Poland's .war-caused disorganization and:the lack of American, facilities. , , ' Of the. 20,000, officials" said the greater part were persons born in this country but taken to Poland by their parents- during two 'large movements; (1) When Poland became free after World War I' and- 2) During the depression which began in 1929. Only about 100 Df them have been repatriated since the end: : 'of the war. Mid-West Gets a Small Taste of Autumn Chicago, Aug. 29 —(/F 1 )—A fore- death manj the year. For the first four months, Ihe increase averaged -15 per cent. There were 18,280 traffic deaths in the first seven months of the year, 37 per cent over 1945 and 10 per cent below the same period in 1941, the council said. The January to April average this year showed no change from the record year of 1941 and was up 46 per cent over 1945. Rural areas contributed most to the death figures. A total of 10,210 persons was killed on rural highways in the firsl half of 1946, as compared with 6,230 in the same period of 1945, an increase of 64 per cent. Urban deaths increased 12 per cent. Of the 372 reporting cities, 253 had perfect records during July, Conviction of Organizers for Nazis Asked Nuernberg, Germany, Aug. 29 U; : ;S. Prosecutor Thomas J. service as a commander. testified about such punishments! Kilian received the Legion of Merit in October, 1944, for "excep tionally meritorious" e»i-«in«» »= = replacement depot More than 200,000 American soldiers had passed through the Lichfield depot before the Batlle of Ihe Bulse. Killian's former adjutant and a former chaplain at Lichfiold were among the men who testified in his defense. The chaplain, Capt. William I Comfort, said prisoners occasional ly got "shoved around," but tha- lliore was no actual mistreatment He said "any man in a guardhouse will say he's mistreated." Kilian himself remarked early ii the Lichfield trials: "There mus have been something wrong a. Lichficld which was conccak-i from me. It looks like they have passed the ball lo Ihe old man." He is 05 years old. He was bon in Nebraska, obtained a degree a Ihe University of Missouri in 191 and served as an officer in botl the first and second world wars. lasle of aulumn spread over the middle wesl loday as temperatures in three states dipped into ihe 30's or below. Land O'Lakes, Wis., reported a minimum reading of 20 degrees, accompanied by a light frost. Other ow temperatures included 36 at St. Cloud, Minn., 37 al Wausau, Wis., 38 al Spencer, la., and 39 at Wadison, Wis. The forecast for Chicago, which had a low of 53 last night, was for a minimum of 45 tonight. The Weather Bureau said this^ would represent the coolest night in August in the bureau's history in Chicago. The previous record was 4G.9 degrees on Aug. 25, 1917. No immediate change was in sight us a mass of cold air from central Canada blanketed the nation's mid-section. iviempnis, with a population of 293,000, was the largest, For the seven-month period, New Britain, Conn., with 68,700 persons, was the largest city with a perfect record, followed by Passaic, N. J., and Cleveland Heights, O. Milwaukee, Wis., Washington, D. C., and Buffalo, N. Y., had the bcsl Iraffic records for the first seven months of Ihe year in cilies with more lhan 500,000 populalion, In Ihe 250,000 to 500,000 group, Providence, R. I., 'was the safely record leader, followed by Memphis and Minneapolis. Tampa, Fla., Hartford, Conn., and Springfield, Mass., were tied for the best record among cities in the 100,000 to 250,000 population bracket. Leaders among the smaller cities included Jackson, Mich., and Birmingham, Ala. Playing of National Anthems at Chess Meet Confusing; All Claim Two Nationalties By HANK KERSTIISG ©Steincr of Los Angeles. But Stein (For Hal Boyle) Icr, if his memories went back fai Groningen, Holland, Aug. 29 — — Playing of national anthems n honor of the 20 chess masters rom 13 countries competing in a :our-wcck tournament here is cans- ng some confusion and bringing not a few mixed memories to the contenders. Most of the participants in the tournament, which ends Sept. 7, can claim at least two nationalities, and a jig-saw puzzle could not be more fascinating than trying to sort out the international hodge-podge. At one of the official dinners, the Belgian anthem was played for Irish-born Alberic O'Kelly De Galway, and the Polish anthem for Michicl Najdorf, a resident of Argentina for eight years, who stood in rapt attention when ihe Argentine national song was sung :for Carlos Guimard of Buenos Aires. But the Polish tune undoubtedly sounded familiar to Russian-born Dr. Xavielly Tartakowcr, a i'or- mcr Polish citizen, who now is French. The orchestra plavcd the Marseilles for him and for Russian-born Dr. Osip Bemtein, bul buth were more lhan casually acquainted with the Russian anthem played for the five Soviet representatives. The Hungarian national song was for Laszlo Szabo, but indirectly, too, for the American Herman enough also probably was movec by the Czech anthem played foi Ccnck Kotlnauer, for he came originally from a region alternate. ly belonging to Hungary ant Cczchoslovakia. The .Russian Sza lo Flohr also was once a Czech. The American champion Arnolc S. Denker, although born of Ger man parents, could listen to the Star Spangled Banner with undi vided allegiance, as could 21-year old Abe Yanovsky to the Canadiar anthem since he was only fou months old when his parents lef their home in Polish territory which now is Russian. The silualion was simple for Dr Max Euwe of the Netherlands Erik Lundin and Gosta Stollz o the Sweden and Martin Christoffe of Switzerland, but less so far lour nament director Hanks Kmoch, a Austrian who is applying for Dutc citizenship. The climax of confusion cam when the orchestra began to pla the Yugoslavian anthem. Evcryon stood un. but after the first fc\ notes, Yugoslav Professor Mil Vdimar of Ljubljana, whose broil cr is president 01 the Slovenian re public, sal down again, because he said: "There is, 100 much difference be twecn the old and the new tim and between the old <jncj the ne anthem that I should remain ui right," Dodd asked, today for-the convie-J tion of fiyc Nazi organizations ,ton,v -« war crime^'charges, declaring'they's were part'of the Hitlerian 'polled - Dodd dehounced^defense efforts ' to shift the blame fbr war v crimes * from one German group to another. The; 21 individual defendants in, the box •': squirmed .uncomfortably as he attacked before the, international, military tribunal their oft- professed ignorance of the deeds' of the organizations which they headed. ..';. 'Herman Goering once raised half out .of his seat as if wanting to clamber over the rail but 'relaxed even before the military policeman at .his side found .it neces> sary to' restrain him: Dodd said the.:. organizations specified in his speech were "Nazi- created" or "Nazi-perverted." He declared the indicted Reich abinct, B o 1 i t i c a 1 Leadership. Corps, SS Elite Guard, SA Brown ihirls and Geslapo — together with he military high command— were he principal agencies through A'hich .the . Nazis effected their 'enormous crimes" -against civili- ;ation. • . . "Deprive the Nazi conspirators if these organizions and -they vould never have accomplished heir criminal aims," Dodd told he tribunal. By convicting them, le said, the court would show mantind: "That no crime will go unpun- shed because it was committeed n the name of a political party or of a state; thai no crime will 30 passed by because it is too big; that no criminals will avoid punishment because they are too many." Dodd is executive trial counsel for Associate Justice Robert H. Jackson, tne U. S. chief prose. cutor. • " ' • — "-— O CIO Shutdown Hurts City of Pohtiac Ponti'ac, Mich., Aug. 29 — (UP) — A CIO shutdown of most essen-. tial services in this industrial city' of 70.000 was in its second day today as efforts to persuade strik-. ing municipal employes to return to work lagged in the absence of Pontiac Mayor Arthur J. Law. State Mediator Robert Lomasney conferred with City Manager ucorge E. Bean as milling pickets of the CIO United Public Workers at the city hall booed lustily. Bean said Long was expected "sometime today" from his vaca» tion and repealed his earlier statements that the city could not meet pay demands of the .Up without going into the red. Only department heads and maintenance crews were at work of the city's 800 employes. Police and fire departments and hospital service, except for the city hospital laundry, remained at normal. Dr. Herbert F. Hammond, hos^- pitaj superintendent, said that continued shutdown of the hospital laundry would bring a shortage of clean linen for patients and said this would be a ''serious menace" . , to their care. • I 1>. Hammond said he expected ambulance drivers to take all calls to the Catholic-operated St. Josepl: Mercy hospital until the strike was settled. Bo*h union and non-union workers have refused lo cross picket .lines at the city hall and other main municipal buildings.

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