The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on January 17, 1894 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 17, 1894
Page 3
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THE OTPEK DIM JACKSON'S INAUGURAL t OP THE Bfcf tTB- LIGJAN A. Variety of Subjects Terse*. tipia Indorsed.. tne tarftt la#* of 6ii? counwjf 6y 4 coTi(#fSt* hostllt) to the nHnclples of (iroteotlon. While ifrt URoiffiftf'i.iHltoVH <»f Ettropa at?*a'n" the hrtjrfP-Vst ilndliitf a market In America without any* corresponding bunetlts td our agricultural products, the cnarlty of America la belnft taxed millions of dollars to keep'her own un- etnptbVed laborers from Starving'. A much .aaffef business policy woiiMBS tot m to fur- titetr-. einplbjnrih.t to our otfn IftijO.fefS and theteby protect, tiiir Atnorioan horns market •I6r' American' farm 'productls and, tax oar ALGONA. IOWA. WEDKESDAt. JANUARY 17. ..MM hardl knowing what \\d ^Following is the address bf OovevrtOf tfackson delivered at the inauguration, which took place in the rotunda of the eapitol on tho ,11th: . .'.-.'.;,.;,,,, Gentlctheh 6f tiio Senate And HouSP' bf Itebreseniatives, and fellow. Citizens: The .year 1893 hue witnessed the successful culmination of an event of unusual national importune*, 6ne In which eVory patrlptl,-. «lti£an has been most deeply Interested. Tho ttilfrhty achievements of the American people during a period of a little more than a hundred years have been brought Into sharp contrast and comparison with those of foreign countries that have stood .In.thu van of civili- sation for centuries, While these • comparisons are a source of deep gratification to tbe Aftiertcan citizen in general, the crowning triumph of the Columbian exposition is lounu in the exhibit of American energy, courage andiwlll, so indelibly lmpres»ed upon All minds by its magnificent consummation. Most fittingly has'it'lulfliliMMta great mission' in tis rcpreseniallon of Ihe energies, Intelligence, benevolence and Christian character of a great, and progressive people. Tho state of Iowa, though young In years «nd development, has been moat deeply interested In this great, national event, and along with her sister states she placed the best evidences of her resources, her Intelligence, and the development of her soil, into , lull and complete comparison. It Is a matter of just pride and a subject of congratulation to every citizen of our state that Iu this oriiclal test, of resources Iowa has fully mainr tained that high prcntijjc and standing which fairly places her at tho head of the great •producing states of this union. The showing of Iowa at the Columbi&n exposition has published the fact to tbe world that her resources arc not only in the depth and richness of her. soil, in tho value of her •corn, cattle aud hogs,, but. in her dairy products, her mineral wealth, In .the value :and quality other, fruits, In her mighty rall- •way systems, her stable financial institutions", and her magnificent public school system. When viewed In the light of comparison with •older and more experienced states and governments, this showing Is.a source of deepest gratification and highest congratulation. The exhibit of . bur manufacturing Industries, though not extensive, gives positive indication •that these great plants of prosperity and •wealth, have firmly imbedded themselves in ' Iowa soil. Let the spirit of fairness and wisdom ou the part of our law-makers encourage and Invite into our midst these powerful promoters of Intelligence, wealth, and prosperity, remembering that the greater the business diversity of a people, the more Independent., , progressive, and powerful will they Invariably become. Therefore let encouragement, bo -offered to every legltlmale business enter- cprf^o within our-borders; let'our-laws be framed so wisely thai, while Ihey will prop, erly gmrd and prolect the rights of the people of dur state, Ihe spirit of fairness and equity shall breathe in every sentence encouragement for the investment of capital, and the development of industries, and at the name time prolect wllh a strong hand tho Bights and enjoyments of labor. In thu unl- \ GOVERNOR JACKSOX. • versnl prosperity of all intercsla wllbln our , state, is to be. found In the highest degree the prosperily of the Individual lulerest. The stability as well as perpetuity ot a re• publican form of government rests upon the : Inlelllgence of Us common people. Poverty 1* the natural enemy of educalion and devel- • opmeut. A republican form of government • cannot afford to have poverty faslen Us • clutches upon the masses of its people. Neither can the people of wealth in such a .government afford ii. That which threalens . most the glory and progress of our couniry is ' tha gradual forcing upon Ibe mllllpns of American laborers the schedules of pauper wages paid Ihe laboring classes of the old •world. Old world wages are not sufficient to • enable an American ; laborer to properly . clothe his family, educale his children and in.ike of them good American citizens. Anything less than this is a menace to tho very foundation of our system of government. ' The schedules of wages referred to beget pov- • erty and poverty begets ignorance. Despotic forms of government can live ana thrive with poverty and ignorance among the masses. Th|s is impossible with a republican form of government like ours. A schedule of wages thai enables ihe American laboring man to 'support his family respectably and to educate his children properly has been recognized as * national necessity during the greater part • of our nation's existence. To maintain tbe American schedule of wages in the future .re- Quires that the American people buy and use 'the producls of the brain and muscle of Ihe American laborer and producer rather than those of Other lands, evon though they may • •cost a little more. . Patrlollsm is an absolute necessity to the existence of all governments and especially so to the existence of a republican form of government. A patriotism that resents an insult to a nation's flag is highly • commendable. A patriotism that furnishes half a million men to protect the rights and .liberties of even a few of its citizens under the flag, wherever they may be, is indeed chivalrous and glorious. The pairlotlsm of -ftn* American citizen should certainly be as broad and deep as this. It must be even broader and deeper. It must be a patriotism that shall Insist that the purchasing price of a manufactured article shall be sueb. an amount tnat the American laborer whose brain aud wusclu produced it, who lives under the same 1 :flag, who breathes tho same air, and whose interesl and welfare Is Ihe nalion's interest and welfare, shall receive for ihu product of bis bruin and musele such compensation as .shall enable him to live as an American ciii- . zen ounht to live, and lo eduoale his children us American children must be edueaied. To accomplish this, ihose mauufaclured pro- .duct* of foreign countries which can be pro- •duced in our own country must be kept out of .-competition wilh American labor. This ^country can consume the products of the American laborer, but it cannot consume the products of both American and foreign labor. \Vhlch class of laborer*, therefore, are to re- .umin idle» The policy of our government for •more than thirty years has been in favor of giving employment to the American laborer, 'Sndat the same, time creating anil upbuild- ing au American homo uwket, fop tbe pro- •duota of the American farm. Under this policy the people of Iowa have advanced in •wealth and prosperity. Shall this prosperity be continued, or shall we adopt an experiment and try a change* Even tho anticipation of such a chaogu has already brought dlsasier. It Is asserted upon good auihorlty Vbat there are over iwo million* of idle laborers iu this country io-day; und, upon •equally BQP'l authority 1C U stated that t»U 4dlenc«_U due ti> the anticipated qiwnKea of .charity IB behalf! of the unemployed laborers of foreign countries. Send our unemployed millions back into the American factories at American wages ffith tho a«tmtncii that the manufactured Ijroduct of their bfnirt. and muscle shall sup.ply the Amwtean, market in preference to that of Any other nation, and the anxiety and distress of our eduniry will be relieved and our home market for farm products will h* strengthened abd enlarged. Such A lino of policy is In the direction of continued prosperity to the farm producing interests of 6uv country. Iowa, with every- foot of her tei.Mtofy fairly within what is properly teruirt'V the corn belt region ot this cduntry, is most deeply Interested in this creat question. With rie»r)y three hundred million bushels of coHtt with 'Unnatural pro- ducti hdrses, cattle and bests', biittei?and eggs, she la searching for th« highest market wherein to sell these'products. Shall we continue to sell our beef, pork and butter to the six or seven millions of American laborers and belt) furnish them the means to pay us, by buying the' manufactured products of their labor, or shall we buy our manufactured products from six millions of.. foreign laborers, only to find out when wo come, to . sell them that they have buVbalf as"'.much money to buy with, and little or no inollna'tlon to buy otuSI And yet there are those who advise that tbe best Interest of tho American fiivmer is in tho direction of selling his products in the markets of the world 1. More than-mnety- flve per cent of all the products.-ralsed on American farms are 1 consumed by an American market. That market is represented by the consuming demand of tho millions of American laborers, employed in American factories, and receiving American wages. That market so far as tho American laborer furnishes it, has more than twice the money with which to buy the necessaries of life than any other taarkel oa the face of the earth. From three'to five per cent only of the products ot the American farm seek the markets of the world. Extremists assert that the foreign price put upon this small surplus of farm products nxes the price of tho whole. The experience of our government, under the work- Ings of the protective principle controvert this theory. Whether this bo true or not, 1 believe It plainly 10 tho advantage of the producing states that such a policy of encouragement and protection to be pursued toward the industries and labor of our country as shall increase the homo market demand for every pound of our furplus'producti. Let the s'ame spirit and policy which has already created Bmploymentfor thousands of American laborers In the protection and development of the new tin plate industry, be extended and enlarged; for In every employment created, in every now industry started, the consuming population of our country is enlarged and the home market thereby strengthened. In tbe markets of the world cheap beef from the vast herds of Mexico, and mutton from the plains of Australia can bo sold at a profit to its owners a't a price far less than It costs lo produce them on the farms of-Iowa. In the world's markets tbe wheat fields of Manitoba and India, in their vastness, by reason of the cheapne*s of production can monopolize and supply the demand in competition with the yroduoto of the American farm. The American home market is protected from thti competition. The farm products of Canada and the British northwestern territories are ready lo avail themselves of this market us soon as this protection can bo removed. While it has been the policy of our government In the -past to securely hold this home market to the American farm, that policy t? now seriously threatened. The sugar planters of Louisiana,. engaged In a business thai u'hder the fostering care of protection has been growing and developing in magnitude, giving employment to thousands, have 'already sounded the alarm In their earnest protest against the assault of the present congress. With governmental eu- couragemeul there is no reason why, [a time, tbe southern portion of Louisiana might not become one vast sugar plantation, giving employment to hundreds of thousands, stimulating and upbuilding the wealth and pios- perily of our country. Deprived of this support, the sugar plantations of Louisiana will naturally drift back into dilapidation and decay, or bo utilized in raising agricultural products similar to those of tbe northwe.Uern males and placed upon Ihe markel In competition with tnem. And yet the sugar planters of Louisiana,deprived of governmental aid and overpowered by competition' from the great sugar interests of foreign countries, will be in' no worse condition than will bo the farmers of Iowa with protection taken from their products, and with the American market supplied with cheap beef from the beards of Mexico, and cheap mutton from the (locks of Australia. As a producing state, whose poi- sible resources are scarcely more than half developed, Iowa Is most deeply interested in ihe protection, growth, and maintenance of the American home market. With Ihe growth and Increasing home demand for farm products, the inevitable result of our protective tartir, there is no reason why the annual corn production of our state should not in the near future be doubled and, wllh tbe corn products, find a ready sale in the American market. The Idle millions of our country, back in the American factories, will provide a more profitable market for the Iowa farmer than all the markets'of the world can furnish. Shall the great principle of protection be assaulted, weakened and deslroyed without a solemn protest on the part of a state so deeply interested iu its maintenance? Rather than an abandonment of this principle, even in the slightest degree, our prosperity and growth, both as a nation and as astale, under protection would suggest theenlargementand extension of this principle until our nation shall have developed within Itself such a mUhly producing and consuming popu- lalion as shall make It independent ot all other countries, protecting eur own labor and the products of our own soil, utrengthening us, as a people and as a government both, in times of peace as well as in times of war. Since the beginning of civilization the product of labor has been measured by a consideration in the nalure of money. That consideration most sought after by civilized countries has been of a metallic buse. Naturally, becausu of its durability and its staUe value, (fold and silver have been most generally used. The best money of a people is always that which is leasl fluctuating in its purchasing power. A sound currency tives confidence and stability to business enterprises and is a most powerful factor in tbe development of a nation. Labor is entitled to and should receive as a consideration a money whose purchasing power remains unchanged,for it is the laborer who is Invariably affected first, and most seriously, by Ihe use ot a depreciated currency. The metallic money of our government in the past lira been gola and silver, and I can see no reason why cither metal should be dispensed with now. The business interests of this counliy, together with Us development, need and require a largo and yet stable circulating medium, iu securing this medium the silver prodmrt of American mines should be utilized comnwisurato with financial safety, in preference to issuing government bonds with their s,;l*ndant iotercsl burdens. Let us have boiB gold and silver as well as paper, securing lo each and every dollar the samp purchasing power. The present embarrassment arising from our fin»ncial system seems W be an objection ou the part of foreign countries, in their business dealings and transacllons with us, to the use of sliver as a basis. It U clearly possible to relievo ourselves from the embarrassments ot this objection, in a large degree, through an America;; policy, buying the manufactured products of our own faclorles with American sliver dollars rather than buying the manufactured products of the foreign factory with our American gold dollars. The profound respect of our people for laws and their absolute acquiescence in them isoa matter of the highest importance to the sta'o. Ae a whole the people of Iowa have ever been a law-respecting and law abiding people. Oc- c*slonally communities, under the west ajj- grftVftte4 provocation, have proveu «xcep- »«iw results .*•/ ftiwaM to toe cieitv thd'cbafactef n,nd femiliuion of the «UM. , Uek of conJM<rti«<M.f the ,anly estRb- Msbisa mndUtnory ofkwtrt contfet'ftnd puaM perpetrator* of orime l« frequently the cause St inese eiceirtlons. There seems to. l«e' In the public Inlttd a growing lack of confidence In the reliability of tho jury system. I am led to believe that this lack Of confidence is due more to the abuses which In localities ha,»e grown up Under this system, thin to the •jatem Itself- Those of our citizens whose best services and judgment the state shoum have in thft jury box. the business inin. the farmer ami the profossloiiAl man, find too easy the avenues of escape from per forming this duty, whtoh every good citizen owe* »o^ elety and tbo state... This situation has developed in communities what Is known as the professional Juror, a development prejudicial to the best Interests of ouf people. A changa of the law compelling etery citizen when called upon to do his part In this Important factor of our government lam sfttlsfled, would taost surely inure to the general welfare. The Improvement of ouf public highways is ' a subject which appeals to the be»t judgment dnd'intelllgencfl. of our state. Batne broad, artd comprehensive plan should in the near future be adopted, and a starling point bo determined by which evejy year shall sea built In every county of our state, a few miles or substantial and permanent road. The burden of expense in a single year ought not and need not be a heavy one, as shown by the history of road building iu the older stales of our own country, as well as la the more progressive countries of Europe. Each succeeding generation ot people, at no burdensome expense to themselves, oaii leave-to their successors a few miles of permanent roads as a lust and proper legacy, indluatlve of their re- card for tho general Welfare and continued prosperity of the stale. New processes in ihe manufacture of material for this purpose ara uetnc developed every year. Wltu over six hundred inmates of our prisons now engaged chiefly in manufacturing products in competition with free labor, t light not their services be beller employed, and wllh far greater advantage to the general public, in the preparation of material for Ihe construction of public highways? •• . The high -standard of our people upon all moral quaslioas has been in the pasl and Is lo every good olllzen, a souroo of profound prallficatlon and pride. In dealing with these quesllons the people of Iowa have always takeh v advanced- ground and hava proven tuemselvos equal to every emergency. As one result of this sentiment, a prohibitory liquor law has been placen upon our statute books. A trial ot ten years has demonstrated that In many counties It has fully met the expectation of its friends, having successfully driven the saloon system out of existence in those counlles. While this.Is true, there are other localities where open ; saloons have existed during this peripd of time In spite of the law and in spite of the most determined efforts to closn them. In such localities the open saloon exists without restraint or control, a constant menace to the peace and safety of the public. From these localities there Is an earnest demand for relief—» demand not from the law- Oefylng saloon sympathizer, but from tbe best business element; from the best, moral sentiment of such communities; from the churches and from the pulpit. While the present prohibitive principle, which Is so satisfactory to many counties and communities of our state, should remain In force, wisdom, justice and the interests of temperance and morality demand that a modification of this law should 'bo made applicable to those communities where tho saloon exists, to ihe end of reducing the evils of the liquor traffic to the minimum. Senators and Representatives: The const!- tullonoflowa places upon Us respecllvc departments grave duties and Important responsibilities. Those duties well performed obliterate partisanship and make citizenship supreme. Coming up from the people, responsibilities met with courage and treated with candor convert the '-servant Inlo iho statesman and dignify the honor and conti- denco'reposed. I need not say more to men so well equipped to protect the Interests of more thim two-millions of people; for myself, it Is wllh full knowledge of my own weakness lhal I oft;r the besl 1 can give, appreciating that this IB far from adequate lo tho requirements of ibe exalted position which I havo been called. Tbe people of Iowa have been most liberal and wise In tho establishment and management of her stale institutions. Many of these are .for the unfortunate and are the result of necessity. So long as the necessity exists, the demand for their liberal support is expected and should he cordially given. Our institutions o'f learning, also, are most worthy ibe sustaining power of legislation, and a wise and ample provision should bo made In the direction of a definite and permanent support.- While this is irue, ihe greater lever of intelligent power, the common school, must not be overlooked or Us interests neglected. These instlluiious shall be dealt with as your personal Inspection shall suggest. These ara conditions in our common citizenship which offer much for your meditation. A just and ftow is it 1 fo»j«»i tliB <ro<xl You nronjjBt-nvjMn tllftpilst. • And dwell upon the t lrples-4 sv'or You wrought irtd at tWn In'sl? How Is It 1 roi-prot how Ulrid You were foi-'yciyf? ivnd-yeoM« And only thinK how at tho last You feavo me sliutno arid teni's? How is It I forgot the fault Was mind—my very ovrti. Ami thtirmti? in my Sleepless 'grief That it was yours alono? i'hls is my punishment. I.ovo's rosl Has fallen by Iho way: But on Us thorn,- that still remiUns, My heart ulebcls night and day. SCARLfTlWfUNE, m- ii. CHAPTER Jtl—CONTINUED. The pale, hazy light of the yottng mooil had swathed the mountains, and'the hut ( Was lost in the black shade of tho giant rock that sheltered it. Among tho cedars beyond, the night scorned so dense as to become nearly palpable, whilst just one' or two furtive gleams shot through the pitchy gloom where the more permitted the light to ] and capital, as In tht-lr harmonious employment peace and contentment U the portion of each, The miner down in the earlh who seen but lltlle of ihe bciiulies of ihe day endures his hszardous employment with cheer fulness, realizing that pay-day brings ill compensalion. But In his particularly hazardous occupallon bis prolecllon and sutely, logelber with his frequent and prompt payment, places a responsibility upon ihe leglsU- tive power of ihe slale. Wholesome guardianship should also be exercised for the heallh and happiness of all classes, and for operatives In factories and children In ihe'publlc schooli Ibe greatest proteolion should be given lhat Iho tlre-irap be removed ai far as possible from Iheir surroundings, Almost thirty years ugo Ihe surrender at Apoomatox shut down the curtain- upon the scenes of war. In which to susialn Ihe union the voting slate of Iowa sent, forth seventy- live "ihousand of her best and bravest. Many returned and many are ever mourned. As a state, except In Ihe hearts of our people, no mark as yet has been completed as a suitable public tribute of memorial to their undying fame, l.el this matter be brought to a speedy and liberal termination, nol for ihe present generalion alone bill lo the mill ons yet to come, that they may lake pride Iu the nobility of ibe falters aim keep watch that iho glories won shall nerer tarnish, and iheir glorious deeds shall tie an Inspiration to patriotic fidelity to our slate and nation. In closing, lei me congratulate the people of Iowa ou ihe conditions of plenty and coin- fort which surround them. While looking wilh sorrow upon the more unfortunate conditions that bring suffering 10 ibupctJple of other states and other lands, let those who have In plenly and lo spare remember the 'MS fortunate Doth at borne and abroad. lie of the few be relieved from ibe abundance ot, Ibe many. The'year 18'JH witnessed the strength ol Iowa The great financial Institutions of our siale withstood the shockf and disasters of the your wllh coi'iplacenl Becuriiy. Iheir reliability and Integrity are lirmly nxsil upon tho solid foundations of agriculture, unequalled iu ibosK inherent elements of wealth found in richness of soil, purity of water, and reliability of -climate-, and these forces controlled by an iudusli'iom, Intelligent and moral people. With confidence in Ibis people aod an abiding faith in the continued blessings of a, Divine Providence. I predict that the present is but Ihe index ol the future ci'ealnesa ot our slate. The address was received wilh great applause. Three cheers for Jackson were given aud ihe ,va»t audience, divided in ocation about the rotunda, united in giving t"«s new governor a thrilling rece»t.|mi. Jerry Rusk showed one ol the many admirable traits of character for which he was noted when he attended tho soldiers' reunion at Minneapolis in 1882. Instead of taking- with him as an escort his regular starf of blue-apd- o-Ht ornamental officers he commissioned a number Of ei-ippled veteraiis, of them hi* old comi-<ides-iu- as members of'his sta,ff, had them accompany,, him °» tll ° * r *P' some open space penetrate. Ashland and Chauncey were still puffing' awny at their pipes, talking- of old times at home, of those cheery times in tho old country when they both would have thought one half the hardships they now endured a tribulation. Yet they both folt happier in being thus freed from tho trammels of nineteenth century civ- ili/.ation, its shams, and its hypocri- cics. "I'll tell you what we'll do, Mr. Herbert," Ashland said, at last, when they had locked the rough cabin door, and, with rifles slung- across their shoulders, and belts g-ar- nished with knife and pistol, were preparing-themselves for their mountain journey. "I'll have a look along- the trail down hill, iir.-st of all. I shouldn't be at all 'surprised to iind Freckled George and that lanky Dave crawling' around thcer somewhecr. You abide here awhile, and keep your weather eye to the top of that rock at the back theer. If you .see anything 1 moving' there, man or beast, bluxc away at it, and mind you hit it, too. Thcer ain't nobody nor nothin 1 that's got any business thoe 1 .this time o' the nig'ht, nor that's theer for any good to either of us." With that' he cocked his rifle to the full and strode, with body bent forward and head down, towards the cedars below. His wary lig'iu-e could bo seen moving stealthily across the moonlit open, and then vanished in tho black night beyond. The ci-adcing of broken branches, as ho now and then unguardedly stepped upon them, marked his progress to Herbert's accustomed oar;beyond that all was silence—that wavy, brce/y, musical silence of a beautiful summer nig'ht in a mountain wilderness when the things of the air and tho creatures of earth arc quiet in sleep and when only the soft wind makes me.lody at its play upon tho leaflet. Herbert stood there, quietly resting his arras upon his rifle, and eagerly scanning tho uneven top line of tho rock that stood black as coal against the ha/y, transparent, dark bluo green of the distant moon- bathed mountains. As he strained his eyes, he thought that some of the unovcniiess of that i-ocky line was not stationary. He sank down upon his knees so as to be totally hidden in the dense shadow, and carefully examined the top of thu rock. No, ho must have' been mistaken, he thought. He quickened la"b'ot his hearing, and listened with hushed heart-beat for any sound that might reach him from tho high level. Xo, there was nothing; he felt sure of that. He rose, rather annoyed, if anything, at haying allon-od himself to'be thus deceived. But oven as ho looked again, ho fancied that tho phenomenon of t-lio moving roi-k was repeated, only to call himself a fool for thinking so the moment aftor- wards. He cocked his rifle, nevertheless, and remained kneeling there for a minute or two, with his oyos glued upon the rock above. It was only when Ashland's muffled, footfall fell on his ear as the pioneer returned, that he rose and wont to meet his friend. • 'Theer ain't nobody within miles of us," said tho yeoman, quietly. "Everything's as quiet as mice. Lot's go." Tho words were upon Herbert's lips by which to apprise Ashland of his suspicion that somebody or something was alive at tho top of that rock at the back, but ho was interrupted by Dick's ohoory, "We can light our pipes now, Mr. Herbert, and do it leisurely.'" Ho imitated his friend's "example by filling his big wild cherry-root bowl, and the moment afterwards the two set out moiintainvvard, much after the manner of a couple of poachers who are going out for a midnight raid in a neighborhood whore tho keepers arc known lo bo aged and unwary. Tho road was rough, and, less than 600 yards i'roiii the hut, they deserted the narrow path altogether, and struck aeros'ei broken ground, whore the giant pines rose like,, hundreds of huge masts from the tujj£ and moss covered earth, with th%r crowns stretching out like miriiuls of jagged yard-arms, from which as many tempest-torn, ragged bits of sails wore drooping. Between the forest monsters the underbrush — briar, bramble, wild currant, and wild vine intermingled in snarling confusion, and made progress diilu-.ult and now and then paiufuU They were climbing up hill fast then. " The vegetation was becom- in>T scarcer and; rooro stunted, tho vocks bigger and more smooth- faced. The moo» stood at its brightest, and where its silvery liglib did penetrate, tUe ehad9\v was " Once or twice they, h*M3d listened with supereHtfous'. the sound of pursuing footsteps, out, although thdy both had from time to time imagined that unwarranted noises had,''reached theif earn, oft consultation they agreed that they were mistaken. Dick once imagined that he .saw a shapeless figure, he could not tell whether man or beast, craSyling about the rocks some 200 yards from theiii. ' The road lay straight uphill now, along a jagged mountain face where* they had to climb now and then like cats. In five minutes or more they had reached, the summit, and there they stood in a smooth and sparsely Wooded table-land, about half a mil.Q in length, and some f oui- or live hundred yards broad. They walked across it with rifles trailed, and came to the edge of tlie gulch not more than five-and-twenty or thirty feet deep, through which a mbimtain torrent was- rushing iu 'melodious tuiv moil. Dick stopped and pointed) with outstretched forefinger to the bottom. "Thecr's wheer it lies, thick as p'-'.tis," he said. "Any amount of it. i'n ni-ver dreamt Of coming here, only I MI..!, a buck, and that was th» place whecr I had to get him from'. Now you know, it as- well as I do." left hnMd gripped thepLHolatid tyiti#" as ho was. h« directed his weapdfl 1 and fired. A yell. of pairt -tnSwerecL the reverberation of the shot, an*d George, Maclane, who had been. standing an ..approving witness of his nephew's murderous •'&<&&, with afi avalanchS : b^' ; oaths dridda't'ses, drew oitt his -pocke* handkerchief and hastily p'UsHed ' it itnctei-.»eath his hunting shirt. "rfe's shot me!." lid Ci-i'eU "Kill the s wine!- Kill liSta!" ; ' The younger titiaro. had risem* attd crept "toward's Chsnmcey, knife- in hand. A second shot .startled the' nvid- night silence, atid Dave Maelahe'* glittering weapon flew into a dozeti fragments and out of his grasp. 011* of the piecies, glancing against the- young ruffian's wrist, mwde a deep cut, from which the blood flowed freely. With a savage Whoop, mor* like a beast's than a human being's, the assassin threw himself upon the prostrate man, and wrenched thd 1 pistol from his grasp. • A blind fury seemed to possess him. He clutched Chntmcey by the throat, digging his long iron nails into his flbsh, and rained blow after blow ot the- heavy ,„ „ ....... .„„„ _____________ weapon upon Chaur.cey'3 headi The After a moment's pause they made young Englishman felt crash, upon their way down. At tho bottom, | crash against his skull; he felt the the among the young pines, the moonlight dripped in silvery flecks and blotches onto a moss and fern strewn rocky ground. The fretting waters had in winter time overrun the whole bed of. tho gulch, and smooth flints, varying from the si/e of a man's h'st lo the smallest oE pebbles, gleamed and glittered in the pale sheen. Dick took up one unevenly rounded-fragment and advanced with it to the water's edge, where the light fell clear and bright on his face. "Look at this," ho said, pointing to a yellowish shining spot on the dull creamy stone; "That's gold. I might a' taken bushels fro.n hero it 1 hadn't been afraid o' somebody prying about my place and finding it while I was away. You see, while 1 was alone, I had nobody to take care of the place, and those fellows are mean ea<)ngh for anything." We turned the glittering auriferous stone in his hand over and over again. Keith his liguro and Herbert Chaun- cty's were standing out, dark and sharp against tho ha»y moonlit further side oE the ravine. Crack! Crack! Two shots rang through the air in quick succession, and Dick Ashland, with an unearthly cry, jumped full three feet in tho air, and,'dropping rille and flint from- his outstretched hands, fell face foremost with his head towards the stream. Herbert Chauncey felt a sharp sting below his shoulder, and the rille dropped from his useless righ arm. Ho looked, around in vague ajnanemeiit, and noticed that the Irinod trickled over his buokskir hunting shirt. A suffocating faint ness came over him, and he sanl down on tho ground. The noise ot footsteps attracted his attention, and as he looked up, he saw at tho top, where ho and Dick had descended two men, rifle iu hand, who were peering down, shading thou 1 eyes with their hands against the moonlight, and evidently preparing to descend.- CHAPTER HI. The two men were (Joorgo and Dave Maolano. Herbert saw them come down tho incline, peering warily and reloading their rifles as they went. He could hear the dull thuds of tho wooden ramrods, and the clicks of the cocks of the weapons as the mnr.lorcrs brushed oft' the exploded caps. Hifl rifle was lying about three paces from him and he tried to drag towards it, but thu pain of his shoulder was intense, and In! seemed pou-ni-loss to move so far. With an elVort of despair ho raised himself on'his uninjured arm, and at the same time pulled his double-barreled pistol from his belt. He cocked the weapon and laid it down on the ground by his side, within reach of his hand. In the same manner he drew his knife from its sheath and placed it within easy distance, keeping his oyos upon the Maclanes all the while. ••Cowards!" ho muttered between his teeth. "Cut throats! ! wish 1 had the use of my arm to defend myself." Tho two Machines had reached tho hoUoiii, the taller, elder man, creep- in" 1 along with bonded knees and grating ot the injured bone as the jlows rained more fiercely. The blood started to his eyes, and every- hing seemed to become black to ilm. In that awful moment just one lush, one thought of home, crossed mind, and vanished, as the blows suddenly ceased, and he heard a. bright female voice shouting "Stop! stop!" One look, the result of an ef- ort of despair, and he could see Lucy speeding down the gulch side beckoning to those below to desist. Then all became contused. The- blood which streamed over his face' and forehead blinded him; a choking sensation gripped him by the throat. Ho could barely hear Lucy's voice' still crying "Stop! stop'." .Then.all was dead and dark. What the damnation brings you hero?" yelled George Maclane. "This- jest tops it all, I reckon." Dave Maclane was on his feet again, and still holding the pistol by the barrel. His glances were as furious as those of his uncle, and he- gnashed his teeth in a hot rage. "Yew've killed him! Yew'va killed him?" the girl cried. "What has he done to you?" "I ain't quite done it yet," replied Dave, grasping the knife which his uncle held out to him; "but Imeaii to." Lucy drew herself up to her full height, with her head set back like a de- stretched "Dave! tell ou if •• all their expenses. stooping shoulders, head foremost, stealthily, like an Arupahoe savage. Herbert lay without moving, his eyes furiously devouring tho two rullians. ••I roe.kon i hithim square," (icorgo said. "He ain't only jest skearod, that he ain't. Ho won't want no moro gold this side o' Jordan. Let's make no punkins about it. Dead men toll no tales, and we'll jest make cock-sure of it." Dick Ashland was lying somo six or eight paces nearer to thcinjLthuu Chauncey. The two men stro% up to the fallen yeoman, aud Go%ge, dropping his rillo, knelt down, Ind, j with both arms, turned tho body on i its back. The impulse of his move- j ment made it roll a little further down tho incline on which it lay, with a nearly grotesque motion, as it at each turn a new swing had been given to it. It rolled until its feet were stopped by a little boulder of rock, and then it lay still with ghastly eyes turned skyward and with the hands clenched as 'ifin agony. Dave had pulled his big butcher's knife from its sheath, and .in the greenish white light of the big moon, Herbert could see him' drawing it, with a swift downward motlqn.across Dick AsWandi's throa.t. ,Remould see the Ijot bjopd BpuvUag* all /.ovev the f»c$j d, breast, ' lied empress. She out a warning hand. "Dad!" she exclaimed. If yew touch him again I'll yew." The two men stood aghast, as struck speechless by that threat. "Yew'l tell on us?" George Ma- clano hissed between his teeth. "Yew'll tell on us? Don't yew take no notice of her, Dave," he continued. Give him one, two, .between tho ribs—that's what yew've got to do." "Dad!" Lucy cried, as solemnly as before, "as sure as there is a God above us, if yew touch him again I'll tell on yew." A furious yell sounded in reply. The guilty father for a second stood abashed before his accusing and threatening child. "What do you mean?" ho shouted at last. "1 mean what I've said, Dad," Lucy answered, quietly, "an' I mean it true. If yew lay another finger on him I'll tell on yew both. I'll raise tho plains agin yew." George Maclane gnashed his teeth, and his eyes (lashed in silent fury. His face, already disfigured by tha deep scar, became demoniac. [TO KK UOXTINUKD.] The Kvolutlou of tho Piano. Xo one can tell exactly who made the first piano for the reason that it has gradually "evolved" from an instrument as much unlike itself as one could well imagine. In the twelfth century it appears to have i been a gigantic dulcimer, which was merely an oblong box holding, a series of strings arranged in triangular form across its center. In the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries the "clavichord" another musical monstrosity, had developed from it and was used well up in the eighteenth century. About 1711 Christofali of Padua invented a real piano, but it is said t^romind one of a coal box when compared with the elegant and perfect toned instrument of to-day. i Origin of tho 1'oi-k. I In the middle ages, the fork ap- ; peared only as a curiosity, and the i use ot it was not tho same as that to i which it is now put. It was employed I for eating fruit or slices of bread i and cheese. We find a few forks figuring iu the treasury of John II., duke of Hurgundy; and ,Gaveston, * favorite of Kdward II. o- England, owned, says an historian of tue time, sixty-nine silver spools and three forks for eating pears with. At this epoch they had but two tines, and it is from that circumstance that is derived their name. The odd little paper weights, cups, seals, trays, bowls, teapots, animal iiguros, idols and kiuckknucks iu, Boapstone of various colors whielv travelers bring from China are made, i'or the most part, fi-oin tbe output of mines near Wenchow. Tha white,, jade color aud "fvo/.uu" are cpa* sider«d the liuest ami bi-ing * ! -*~ prices, There are. 2.0UU miners cavvevs at these *ui 'i'.-J

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