The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on December 13, 1893 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 13, 1893
Page 6
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THE MESSAGE, Cleveland's Mes Ofie of Unusual Length, Members of Congress Find It an Interesting Document. President Cleveland's message is •quite lengthy, containing' about seventeen thoitsahd words, and we are compelled to present its leading features only. , To the Congress ot tho United States: the constitution duty which requires the president from time to time to give to the eongtess information of tho state of the union and recommend to their consideration such legislation as he ahull judge necessary, is fittingly entered upon by commending to the congress a careful examination of the de- lulled statements and well supported tecom- meudnlions contained In the reports of the departments which arc chiefly charged with the executive work of the government. In •n effort to abridge this communication as much as Is consilient with Its purpose I shall supplement a brief reference to the contents -of these departmental reports by lha mention of such executive business and Incidents as Arc uot embraced therein and by such recotn- meadiitlons as appear to be at ihls partlculor time appropriate. While our foreign relations have not at all times during the past year been entirely free from perplexity, no embarrassing situations remain that will not yield to the spirit of fairness and love of justice which, jollied with consistent nrmnc.«s, characterize a truly American foreign policy, which controls thu ma- •chinery of the administration. My predecessor having accepted tbo office of arbitrator of the long standing boundary •dispute tendered to the president by the Argentine Republic and Brazil, U has been my agreeable duty to receive the special envoy commissioned by these states to lay before me evidence and arguments in behalf of tholr respective governments. Tha outbreak of domestic hostilities in the republic of Brazil found ihe United States nlerltowglch the Interests of our citizens. In that country, with which we carry on Important commerce, several vciscls of our new navy are now and for some time have been atatloned at Rio de Janeiro. Tho struggle feeing between the established government wkb which we maintain friendly relations, •and certain officers of the navy employing the tetsels ot their command In attack upon the national capital and chief seaport and lacking as It does the elements of divided •administration, I' have fulled to see that the insurgents can reasonably claim recognition •s l-elligcrents. Thus far the position of our .government has been that of an attentive but Impartial observer of the unfortunate conflict. Emphasizing our lixcd policy of Impartial neutrality In such a condition of affairs as now exists, 1 -deemed- it necessary lo disavow, In a manner not to be understood, the unauthorized "iicllon of our late naval commander In there waters In saluting the revolted Bra- eilian admiral being Indisposed to countenance an net calculated to give gralulfous .sanction tn the iocnl Insurrection. The convention between our novcrnment •and Chili having for its ol ject the settlement and adjustment of the demands of the two •countries against each other has been n.ade •effective by the organization of the •claims commission provided for two governments failing to agree upon the third member uf commission. The good offices of the president of tho Swiss republic were Invoked as provided ia the treaty and selection of • the Swiss representative In this counlry to complete thu organization was gratifying lo Ihe United Stales and Chili. The ve.iatlous quesllon of so-called legation .asylum for offenders against the state and Its !law;, was presented anew in Chill by the un- lauihorized action of Ihe hue' United Stales rtnlulilcr In receiving at his official residence •two persons who bad failed in an attempt ac ircvolt-ion and against whom criminal •charges were pending growing out • of a former abortive disturbance. The doctrine of asylum as applied lo this •case Is not sanctioned by the best precedents •and when allowed, tends lo encourage sedi- •tlon and slrifc. Under no circumstances can the representatives of the covertimeut he per- •mllted, under ihe ill-dcflncd fiction of extra- •terrilerialily, to interpret the adminislration •Of criminal justice lu the countries to which I ... they are accredited. A temperate demand | !i°f,.V°°. on ,7_ e . •having been inaile by the Chilian governmpn •for the correction of this conduct tn the In itarice mentioned the minister was inslruclei *oacl accordingly. THE DAWilUN JR'DDLE. It is hardly necessary for me to say tha the questions n rising from our rel.-ulons will Hawaii b»ve caused tenons embarrassment Just prior the Installation of tho present ad ministration Ihe existing government o: Hawaii had been s'.'.ddonly overthrown 'and a treaty of annexation Lad been Decollated buiween the piovincinl government ol the islands and the United Sute.3 and eub- •milled lo the senate for ratitlcaliou. This Jreaiy I withdrew for examination and dia- .patched Hon. James fl. Blount of Georgia, tc Honolulu as n special commissioner to make •an impartial investigation of the circum- •etjinces attending the chance of government and of all the conditions bearing upon the •aubject of the treaty. After a thorough and •exhaustive examination, Mr. Blount sub- •tnllted to me his report showing be , .yond all question lhat the constitutional govera&icnnt of Hawaii had "been tubverlcrt wilh ihe active aid of •our representative to that government and though ihe Jo'.Imldation caused by ihe presence of an armed naval force of the United States wliich landed for that purpose, at the •«tance of our minister. Upon the fuels de- Jtoped It teemed to mo that the only honorable course for our government to follow was U) undo i.he wrong being done by inesc repre- •e*nllng us and to reslore as praciicable ihe •tatus existing- at the time of our forcible iu- terveulioig. With a view of accomplishing this result within the constitutional limits of execullvo power aud recognizing all our oblicallons and reEponsibiliiies growing out of any changed condition brought about about by our unjustiliable interference, our present minister at Honolulu fcas received appropriate instructions lo that •end. Thus far no Information of •the accomplishment of any defl- •Dile results haa 1'een received from *hlm. Additional advices are eoon ei- -yectod. When received, they will beprorapily .«enl lo ihe congress, together wilh all other •information at band, accompanied l>y a special •executive message fully detailing all the facts nemeary lo a complete understanding of ihe •case and presenting a history of all ihe materi-l •events leading up lo ihe present siluulion. Important, mailers have demanded attention •Je our relations with ihe-Ottonsau pone. The •firing and parlial destruction by un unre- ftralned mob of one of ibe school building •ot the college established by citizens of tile United States at Narepvan, and the apparent "Indifference of the Turkish government to ibe outrage notwithstanding the complicity «f some of its officials called for earnest re- TOonstrauce, wbU-h wag followed by premises of reparation and punishment of ihe offenders, fpgewuiiy for the injury to ibe buildings has ftlffady been p»ld,permission ip rebuild given, reglilrutlon of ibe eehaol properly iu ibu Dame of the AweHeau owners secured and Efficient protecliui) guaranteed. JuformiiUon received uf maltreatment suf- jejed by an iooiVeusive Auierlcau tvomun eu- ;f *f«J ill m|«ipuary work In Turkish Koor- 4)ij;tai2 tt'Sl followed by «i:ch r'-presentailorie to Ihe pc.rto as mulled iu tbo issuance of \ert for lh« |)uui«bi::eni of her niieail;inis, ! removal <ii a djeJiii^uoiil c&cial und ihe „ ..iptioja of nifaiurco it-r pruitx-ilou, of oin •<filS*W» waged in mi«:o«or.» labors. Turkey i thit her 4nr.tCi:*n lubjecll obtain la tUt cgunuy uouo ideotify ' frith toe Intet»tidn oi feittrnl'nt to ln» ttftii o tbatr birth and there Mifttglnff In sedition This complaint is not wholly Without found* tlon. A journal published in Ibis eourttfy it the Armenian language openly counsels it readers to organize and pat-tlclpnte iii move ftients for the 8Ubvcr«l6n of TufkUh authority in the Aslaslli provinces. The Ottoman government has Announced ite intention to eipc from Its dominion Armenians who have obtained niuuraliantlon in the .United State* since 188S. The right to exclude Any of all classes of aliens Is An attribute of Sovereignty. It is a right asserted add to * limited extent forced by the United States with the sanction of our highest court. There being no naturalization treaty between the United States and Turkey, our tninisier a,t Constantinople has been Instructed that while recognising thff right of that government to enforco its declared policy against naturalized Amsricans, he Is expected to pro- teoc them from unnecessary harshness of treatment. The president recommends that an act bo passed prohibiting the sale of arms and In- oxlcants by Amorlean citizens to natives of he Congo ciiuntry; discusses the Chinese exclusion act In A guarded manner; expresses ho hope that the extradillon treaty with franco will soon be operative; commends iho rlendly spirit recently shown In the apology f Hondura* for firing on ushlp carrying the American flag; commends the Nicaragua anal to favorable consideration on the grouud. bat the enterprise should by all means b ompletcd under American ixnsplccs; detail 3e Sauioan transactions of the government lenlions Ihe gift of iho "Sanla ilarla" and recommends Its grata il rccogntllon; urges action favor l)le to arbllriUion of International disputes nd gives numerous details of our relations 1th all foreign nations and of the work of al ' the executive departments. Tho Indian policy of the nation Is warmly commended and tho Improvement of our navy and our coast defcneeo advised. Various law reforms desired by the attorney general are endorsed. Postal affairs receive much attention. Tho work of the department of agriculture Is discussed in detail and Secretary Morton's policy defended. PENSIONS. On the 80th day of January, 1893, there were on the pension rolls 038,012 names, nn Increase of 89,944 over the number on the rolls June 30, !Sfl2. Of thene there were 17 widows of revolutionary soldiers, 80 survivors of the war of 1812, 5,420 widows of soldiers of that war, 31,518 survivors and widows of ihe Mexican war, 8,832 survivors and widows of the t Indian warn, 2Si army nurses, and 4"5,?54 survivors and widows and children of deceased soldiers and sailors of tho war of Ihe rebellion. The latter number represent thoie pensioned on account of disabilities or death resulting from array and navy service. The number of persons remaining on the rolls Juue 30, 1S93, nnd pensioned under the act of June 27, 1690, which allows pensions on ao- couut of death and disabilities not chargeable to army service, was 439,155. The number added to rolls during the ycsr was 1"3,8;J-1 add the number dropped was 33,000. The first payments on pensions al- Jtmed during the year amounted to $33,765,749. This includes arrears or tho accumulations between the time which the allowance of pension dates and the time of actually granting the certificate. Although tho law of 1SOO permits pensions for disabililies not related to military service, yet as a requisite lo Its benefit a disability must exist incapacitating applicants "from the performance of; manual labor to such :i degree as to render them unable to earn support." The execution of this law in Its early stages docs not seem to have been lu acco:-d with Its true intuutlon, but toward the close of the lust administration an authoritative construction was given to the tlatulo and since that time this construction has teen followed; this has had effect of limiting the operation of ibe luw lo Us inlended purpose. The discovery having been made that many names had been put on the pension roll by means of wholesale and giganlic fraud, Iho commissioner suspended payments upon a number of pensions which seem tp be fraudulent or unauthorized, pending a complote examination, giving notice lo tho pensioners in order that they might have an opporlunily to establish, if possible, ihe justice of their claims norwlthslandlng apparent Invalidity. This, I understand, is the practice which has for n long lime prevailed in the pension bureau. But after entering upon these recent Investigations the commissioner modified ibis rule BO as not lo allow, until after complete examination, Interference with the payment of a penUon apparently uot altogether void, bui which merely had been fired at a rate higher than that authorized by law. I ain tillable to understand why frauds In the pension rolls should not bo exposed and directed with thoroughness and vigor. Every name fraudulently put on the rolls is a wlulced Inj- klnclly sentiment In which pensions have their origin. Every fradulcnt pensioner has become a bad citizen; every false oath in support of a pension h:is maiie perjury more common and false and undeserving pensioners rob the people not only of iheir money, but of the patriotic sen- Umcnt which ihe survivors of a war, fought for theprescrvalion of ibe union, oughl lo inspire. Thousands of neighborhoods hnvo their well-known fraudulent pensioners and recent developments in the buroau have establishe.! appalling conspiracies to accomplish pension fr.-.ude. By no means the least wrong done is to brave nnd deserving pens'oners who certainly oughl not bo condemned to such association. Those who try in the lino of duty to rectify these wrongs should not be accused ot enmity or Indifference to Ihe claims of veterans. The sum expended on account of pensions for the year ending Juno 30, 1S93, wus$ir)0,740,4flr.4l. The commissioner call- males thai $1U5,C03,(JOO will be required lo pay pensions during tlu- year ending June 30, 1S94. THE CtHKESCT PROBLEM. The recent repeal of the provisions of the law requiring the purcbaie of silver bullion hy the government as a feature of our monetary scheme has made an entire change in the complexion c/f our currency affair*. I do not doubl lhat the ultlmalc resull of the action will be most salutary and far reaching. In the nalure of things, however, It Is Impossible to know at this lime precisely what condition will be brought about by iho change, or what if any supplementary legislature may In the light of such conditions appear lo be essential or expedient. Of course, afler the recent linanclal perturbation, lime is necessary for Ihe re-establlshmcnl of business cpnljdence. When, however, liirough lEls restored confidence, the money which has been frightened inlo hoarding places U relumed to trade and enterprise, a survey of ihe siluatlon will Liroonbly disclose a safe path leading :o a permaneully sound currency abundantly buffleieut to meet every requirement of our increasing population aud their buslueis. In ibe pursuit of this ouject, wo bhouid reso- ulely turn away from alluring and leraporary expedienlt, determined lo be conlent wilh loibfnglese lhan a lasting and comprehensive financial plan. In the»e clroumitaQcea, I am convinced lhat a reasonable dfllay in dewing with tne -subjecl, instead of being In- urious, will Increase the probability of wise action. The monetary conference which assembled al Bcumels upon our invila- on was adjourned 10 ihe 30th day >f November in the present year. Ihe considrraLlon just Dialed and the fact hat n dednlle proposition from tbo Unlled Stales seemed to be expect-ed on ihe reassembling of the conference led me to expreis a willingness to have the meeting ellll further jostpoued. It seems to me that it would be vise lo give authority to the president to Jn- •ite other uailoas to each a conference at any imp wheu there gbpuld be a fair prospect of iceorapllsbipg »n International agreement on hu subject of coinage. I deeire also to arncjily suggest the wisdom of amending •xlsiiop siaiuti-s in regard to the issuance of ;ovtnimi-nl bonds. The auihorily now. y.ssred In the secretary of lie treasury lo it sue buade is not clear anil tiould be, ana iUe bondu authorized are dls- .ilyitiiUKeous to the government both us to he Ume of their maturity and rate of interest, It In estimated ypou toe baiii of preteut thg receipts o| the jroyern- " June $o, i$9*. yiii |SS,00(i,66&. On the first d*Ty ot 1808. the amount of mon«y of all kind* in circulation 01- not Included in the treasury holdings was $1,718,644,032, tn Ift0r*a«6 tot tbfl veaif of *IJ9.Jo Oir: EsHmatin* our population at 6?,m,0'M rtt the Mine men tioneJ tho per capita circulation Was $25.49. The purchases of iilver uadetf the la* o July 14, 1890, dnrlnsr tho last fiscal tear ag Kregatcd 54,008,102.60 fine ounces which oils 549,599,374.53. The total amount of Sllve purchased from ths t!mo that law became effective until the repeal of Its purchasing Clause, on the firnt day of November, 1893 TWS 16S,674,G90.0tf fine ounces, which cost $185,930,949.84. Between tho first of March, 1873. and the first day of November, 1SU3, the government purchased, under all lawi, 503, 303,717 fine ounces of silver at a cost of $516, 023,949. Tho stiver dollars that have been coined under.the act of July 14, 1890, number 86,OS7,!i35. The Selgnorsago from such coinage wa* f0.97",008 39, leaving on Ivind In tua mints 140,699,168 fine ouncs? of silver which co«t $126,f>78,aiS. Our total coinage of Ml motala during the ast fiscal year consisted of 97,980 pieces, Vnl- icd at J43,6?G, 178.80, of which there was $30,033,140 in irold colu, $53,834,715 In Silver dollars, 87,218,220.90 In subsidiary sliver coin and $1,080.103.00 In minor coin. During tho calendar 1892 the production of precious metals In the United States was estimated to be 1,696,375 fine ounces or gold of tho commerclM and coinage value of 483,000,000 and 58,000,000 fine ounues of silver of the bullion or market value of $50,075,000 and of tho coinage value of $"•4,939,900. It Is estimated that on the first 'day of July, ISOtf, the metallic stock of money In the United States consisting of coin and bullion amounted to 81,313,559,109, of whlah J?597,607,eS5 was gold and $315,861,484 was silver. One hundred and nineteen national banks were organized during tho year ending Octobers!, 1893, with n capital of $11,230,000. Forty-six went Into voluntary assignment, 158 suspended. Sixty-five of tho suspended banks were insolvent, eighty-six resumed buslnoss and seven remained in the hands of bank examiners with prospects of speedy resumption. Of the new banks organized forty-lour were located in the eastern states, forty-one west of the Mississippi river, and thirty-four In the central and southern states. The total number of national batiks In existence on 81st day of October was 379, having an ajrgreffate caoital of 195,553,120. The net increase in the circulation of these banks during the year was $ati,S86,973. tmpo'rifatten ot raw materials necessary fa ouf munufftcturers. The world should ba op<m to our national Ingenuity and enterprise. Tht* can-not- be-while fWftral legislation, through the Impoilfcion of hlgB;t«Hftfe.forbids to Americanmanafftclure«r4'A8"*he'dp%AteHAIs as those used by competitors. ;-lt-is; quite obvious that the cnhanccttfeati ofniie price ot our manufactured products remitting from tbi* Holier hot only ^nnfinpvtli» jlii vvk^t f;> _theso products within our own t)oi>;:er8 to tm "direct disadvantage of our manufacturers bpt (vlso Increases their cost to our citizens. The interests of labor are certainly, though in dit'ecily Involved > In this feature oi our tariff system. The sharp com petition and active struggle among pur supply tp'llnili$l demand for their goodS.SQOn fill the fljirrbw, market to which they are coiiflncd. TfiiVri follows, a suspension of work In mills and 'factories, ft'dis- charge of the employees amK distrss* in the homes of our »orklngm«n. Kven If tlid often disproved assertion could bo made good that a luwer rate of wages would result from free raw materials iind,low. tariff duties, tjio Intelligence-of ouf w.pfUmen leads thontriHiekly to discover that tlieir stpftjy cmpMy'imint, permitted raw .material. Is tho moat important factor In their fclation to' utrltf legislation. '..' ! '> •";•"• A measure has been prepared'by.the appro- irlato congressional jcpmniiueo embodying thrift reform oa the'Hues 'hjcreldYuggbsted,. which will bo promptly submitted for legislative action. It Is tbo.result of much patriotic BBAtH AKS A Ai Vision of! tfift Night Tlult (ho Dny fltrt<l« n, Hdiilttv. iSfobocfy IsF better' knowri nrounti San Francideo than Robert' Hftfght. a comm^s'ioh merchant on Front street. -.••Bob" liuighl, as ho is familiarly styled, ,;wenf, through un experience the otlior night which in its way is likoly to last him a lifetime. "I retired about ll o'clock," said Mr. Huight, "feeling in my usual good health, .without the slightest prcnfdmtio'n of wlitit tho night was goiiig to bring forth. My wife talked to mo for a while before going to sleep. Her conversation was not of a nature to induce anything in tho way of mental anxiety pr depression. As far as I remember she was telling- mo about somo lady fr'iend of hers who is plagued with a husband who is over going- security for people, and nine times out of ten NONSENSE. id and unselfish work and I think It .deals with ltd subject coa.Vlstontly/and as thoroughly as existing'conditions ./permit,. I am satisfied that the reduced tariff duiles provided for In the proposed- legislation, 'a^ded to existing in- ternattmiul revenues taxation, will In" the near future, though "''perhaps not; Immediately, produce sufficient revenue vto meet the needs ; of the government. The committee, nftcr full consideration and has to foot the endorsement, know that this was a direct I don't hint to jne to avoid such things or otherwise, to provide against 'fa. temporary, deficiency ' C1VI1, SEHVICB REFORM. The continued intelligent execution of the ilvll service law and the increasing approval >y the people of its operation are most grat- fvlng. The reoent extension of its llmita- ions and regulations to the employees at free delivery postofflces which has been honestly and promptly accomplished by the commission ivibh tho hearty co-operation of the postmaster, general is an Immensely important advance, in the usefulness of the s/steb. I nm, If po»slble, more than ever convinced of tho Incalculable benefits conferred, by the civil service law not only on its effect tippfy the public service but also, what ie even 'more!' Important in Its effect -in '• elevating^ the tone of political life generally. The course of civil service reform in this country instructively and interestingly .Illustrates how strong a hold a'mbvemcntgalns on our people which has underlying jt a sehit- rnent of justice and right and which at' the same time promises; better administration-of the government .The law embodying Its" reform found Its our etatuts books more from fear of tho popului- sentiment existing in Its favor than from any love 16r reform' Itself on tae part of legislators and it has lived and grown and flourished . In spite . of 'the covort or open b.ostillty at Spoils-' men and riotnUthiftanding the querulous Impracticability of many self-constituted guardians. Beneath all the viigaries and sijpplamentcd Iheorles whfch are at- Idbuted to it there underlies this reform—a sturdy common sense principle .not, only suited to this mundane sphere, but whose application our people are more and more recognizing to be absolutely essential ,-to the most successful operation of . their 'government If not to its perpetuity. It seems to me to be entirely inconsistent with the character of this reform as well as with its best enforcement to obllgo the commission to rely for clerical assistance upon' clerks detailed from other dnpartmenta, There ought, not to be such a condition In any department tlut clerks hired to do the work there can be spared to habitually work at-another plnce, and It does not accord with it sensible view of civil service reform that persons should bo employed on the theory.that their labor is necessary in one department when In point of fact their services are du- voted to entirely different work in another department. 1 earnestly urge that tha clerks necessary to carry on the work of the commission-be regularly put, upon its roster and that tho system of obliging lue commissioners to rely upon the services of clerks belonging to other departments bo discontinued. This ought not to Increase the expense to tho government,'while It would certainly'be more coufIstent and add greatly to the efficiency of the commission. ' THE TAHIFF. which may exist before the business of the country adjusts the new tariff's schedules, have-wisely embraced in their plan'afew additional internal revenue taxes Including a small tax upon incomes derived from certain corporate investments. These new assessments are nbf. ol'ily absolutely just and easily borne, but'they have tho further merit of being such as can be remitted without unfavorable business ? disturbance whenever the necessity of their imposition no longer exists. In my great desire for the success of this measure I cannot restrain the suggestion that its success can only he attained by means of unselfish counsel on the part of the friends of tariff reform and as a result of their willingness to subordinate personal desires and ambitions to tho general good. Tho local Interests affected by the proposed reform are so numerous and so varied that, if all are Insisted upon, the legislation embodying the reform must eventually fail. In intense feeling of responsibility, impels me to Invoke for the manifold interests of 1 $ generous and confiding people the most scrupulous care, and to pledge my willing support to avfiry legislative effort for tho advancement of the greatness and prosperity of.-our beloved country. -:'i' '.'" : '. : :.'il :' '• 6tio.tBn CLEVELAND, Executive jManston,' Washington, D. C., Deo. 4, 1S9S. "" , NEWS IN BRIEF. been ap- evcuue laws that ment for the year Economy in public expenditure is a duty that can not innocently be neglected by thusu entrusted with the control of money drawn from the people for public uses. It must bo confessed that our apparently endless resources, the familiarity of our people with Immense accumulations of wealth, the growing sentiment amoig them that the expenditures of public money should in somo manner be to their Immediate and personal advantage, the indirect and almost stealthy manner in which ailarge par't.of our taxes aro exacted and a (legenevate/d sense o{ official accountability huve led to growing extravagance in governmental approprlutlons. At this time, when u depleted public treasury confronts us, when many of our people are engaged in a hard struggle for tho necessaries of (itt, and when enforced economy U pressing on the great mass of our countrymen, I desire to urge with all the earnestness at my cnmmand that congressional legislation be so limited by strict economy as to exhibit an appreciation of the condition of the treasury and a sympathy with the straitened condition of our fellow citizens. The duty of public economy is also of immense public Importance U) Its intimate and necessary relation to the task now In hand of providing revenue to meet the governmental expenditures and yet reducing the people's burden of federal taxation. After a hard slruggle'tarltf reform is directly before us. Nothing so important claims our attention and nothing so clearly presents itself as both an opportunity and a duty, an opportunity to deicrve the gratitudo of our fellow citizens, a duty imposed upon us by our oft repeated professions and by the emphatic mandate of the people. After full discussion our countrymen have spoken in favor of this reform, and they have condded the »orl£ of its accomplishment to the hands of those who are solemnly pledged to ll. If there is anything in the lb«ory of U representation in public places of the people and their desires, if public officers aro really the servants of the neoplc and If political promises and professions have- any binding force our failure to give ihe relief so long awaited will be Sheer recreancy. Nothing should intervene to distract our alteullon or disturb our efforts until this retorm U accomplished by wise and careful legislation. While we should staunchly adhere to the principle that only tho necessity of revenue justifle* the imposition of tariff duties and other federal taxation and that they should be limited by strict economy, we cannot clone our eyes to the fact that conditions have grown up aroonK us which m justice and fair- cess call lot discriminating cure In the distribution of such duties and taxations as the emergencies of our government actually demand. Manifestly we deilro to aid the people directly through tariff reform. One of its most obvious features should be a reduction in present 14rIff chur^cs upon the necessaries of life. The benuiiig of sucb a reduction would be palpable and, seen nod felt by thousands who would be belter fed and belter clothed and better sheltered- These gifts fboultl bo willing benefactors of the govern- njont whose highest function it the promotion ot ibe welfare of the people. Not less closely to our people I pro»perlty and weil- ' • Gpn. l;yon Frehiantie has '^oiiited g-overnor of Malta. Alderman 'Valentine B. Dillon has been elected mayor of Dublin. ,-/ ;The Latonia distillery at Cincinnati, Oliio, resumed operations. T. C. Brauer, cattle dealer of Richmond, Va., failed for $35,000. C. L. Kruse was killed by an Illinois Central train at Effiingham 111. John Burg-e, a coal miner, was killed bv a cave-in of a shaft near Vandalia, Mo. Jesse F. Cole, a young farmer living near Seymour, Ind., was killed by a tree falling- on him. Mrs. Elizabeth Scluttt of Columbus, Ind., was burned to death, Her clothing taking fire at a stove. Christopher Bnnner of Luray, Ind., was killed by the accidental discharge of a shotgun. Charles lioutet. flour and feed merchant, Cincinnati, Ohio, assigned. Assets and liabilities $14,000 each. Capt. Thomas Gwynne, a retired army officer, died in Milwaukee of consumption, aged f)7. It is stated that the elections for members of the Portuguese chamber of deputies will be held in January. John Abernathy. U years old, was run over and killed by "a Baltimore & Ohio train at Carlyle, 111. Frank Marion, arrcd 19, has been indicted at Taylorville. 111., on a charge of deserting his 15-year-old wife. Louise, the abducted Princess of Tahiti, sailed for her island home on the brig Galilee from San Francisco. M. Levine, clothing dealer, Michigan City, lud has failed. Claims amounting to $4,000 have thus far been filed. April 4 has been designated as' the date for holding the Press congress at the Midwinter exposition at San Fran- c'sco. A chapter of the Daughters of the Revolution has linen formed in Bloomington, 111., with Mrs. James B, Taylor as president. J. A. Rhomberg, president of the Ihibuque, Iowa, Street Railway company, was seriously'injured by' falling on a slippery walk. Frank Morse, traveling salesman for the D. C. G-lasser Tobacco company, Dnbuque, Iowa, has been arrested for embezzling $1,000. Greeley W. Anderson, son of Dr. W. A. Anderson, consul-general of the United States at Montreal, was married to Miss Alice Done-lass at La Crosse, Wi.s. The Carolina, Cumberland Gap & Chicago railroad, running from Edgefield to Aikon, S. C., was placed in the hands of a receiver at Aiken. Roland Reed, the comedian, is very ill at the Queens hotel, Toronto, with an acute attack of the grip. Reed has canceled all of his engagements foi three weeks ahead. Mrs. Harriet Burrows, aped 57 years, serving- a life sentence in the Eastern penitentiary of Pennsylvania for the murder of her husband, committed suicide by hanging in her cell. Pere Hyacinthe has consented to preach the Advent sermons in the Protestant chapel in the Rue Taitbou, Paris. It is reported that he has been converted from Catholicism- John Burns, the well-known socialist member of the house of commons, who was taken sick Wednesday night, is better, but cannot leave his room for several days. The London Globe publishes a rumor that La,dy Evelyn Moreton. sister ol the earl of Ducie, has reverted to Protestantism after having been converted some time to Catholicism. Two mormon bishops are in the In» dian territory making extraordinary efforts to convert the Indians. A large number of converts will leave for tho for in me his so presently, after making somo remarks on the weakness of men in general, I foil asleep. 'How- long- I slept before the subsequent vision which 1 saw before mo I cannot toll; but I shall never forget it to my dying day. By that subtle alchemy of mysterious nature I directly found myself at homo, beneath mv parental roof-troo. "I was ushered into a medium sized room, in tho center of which stood an old-time maple bedstead, in which my father lay dying-. The head of the bed was placed against the center of the wall, so that as 1 stood at the foot I had ample opportunity to sco and hear everything which passed around me. My mother! my aunt, a younger brother and a couple of neighbors, who had proba-. bly outgrown my memory, * were ranged around the bedside. ••The moment I entered tho room my father fixed his eyes steadily on mo and seemed as if ho read my very soul. The veriest thought and action of any importance, both good or evil in my life, passed procession before me. "The cold, steely glitter of the eyes of my dying father riveted to tho spot. I tried to avert steady, searching ga/ o , which caused a cold perspiration to break .forth over my whole body. But I found I could neither move n.or open my lips to cry out, How long this ordeal lasted I cannot toll. To me it seemed as if ages came and went before the awful spell was broken .by the low, measured voice of the dying man. "In tho presence of those around he recounted the principal acts which go to make up the sum of my varied life; now recommending mo for my moral strength and again censuring mo for any indiscretion which I may possibly have been party to. I tried again and again to avoid that soul- piercing look, but it held ma spellbound. I can yet see how thoso around lowered their heads as the dying man continued his discourse to tho end. • "Soon the eyes began to slightly protrude from their sockets, the body gave a couple of convulsive, starts, the circles of the eyeballs became more initrkod and distinct, an occasional gleam of unequal vision was apparent in tho manner in which lie tried to still keep looking- at me, lower and lower sank tho mas.-.ivo head on the pillow, another convulsive smock, a sudden set stare of the eyeballs, a smothered sigh, and father was dead. "When I awoke 1 felt as if I had slept for hours on a cake of ico. 1 arose, turned up fcho gas, aud got u mouthful of whisky. I tried to poi-suado myself that I had been dreaming, but I could not shake off tho feeling, however, that something unusual had happened. My . wife called to mo: "Robert, why don't you come to bod;'" But no more bed Prisonci — I beg you. judge, not condemn' mo— not oh my aueriuftt, so as not to injure the prospects of my counsel. 1 ' _ ' Author— Only ono thing 1 kept ttty last novel front making a sensation; Friend— What was it? Author — No one read it "How does the political situation strike you?" said one man to another on the train. "Ihere Ii -isn't any struck me yet, Vl was the reply. "I've been trying over since election ta get enough influence to got one." Fond Mother — - And has mamma's angel child been a peacemaker today? Mamma's Angel Child — Yes'ni; Tom* my Tuff was a liclcin' Willie Whimpers,an' when I told'm tostophe wouldn't, an' I jumped in an' 'licked. the:stUfHa' out 'o both of 'cm."Well," said a facetious stranger to n member of the brass band, "thetfe is one thing for you to bo thankful for." "Vat is dose?" inquired tb.6, musician. "You can always blow your own horn." "Nein, my frieudt. Dis cornet is porrowed. " "Do you remember Miss Smith, -whom we met at the seashore?'* "Remember her! Well I should say I dol What a beauty she was!" "I saw her the other day and she couldn't think- who you were when I spoke of youi" "What was her name, did you say?' Smith? Oh, I don't know any Smith girl. I thought you said Jones." "Yes," said the old man addressing* his young visitor, "I'm proud of my girls, and should like to see thorn all comfortably married; and as I've made a little money they won't go to their husbands penniless. There's Mary, twenty-five years old, and a real good girl. I shall give her £1,000 when she, marries. Then comes Bet, who won't see thirty-five again, and shall have£2,000, and tho man who takes Eliza, who is forty will have £3,U('0 with, her." The young man reflected a. moment or so and then nervously inquired: "You haven't one about fifty have you?" THOUGHTS. my Vain people are psople of little knowledge. The prayer of faith always holda out both hands to receive the answer. Growth in grace is not made by •watching to see how other people walk. There is plenty of employment for those who want to mako others happy. Every thought which genius and piety throw into the world alters tho world. No man can do good as he has opportunity without enjoying- the occupation. Call the day lost on which you have not been anxious to make somebody happy. There is more Catarrh in this section oi tho country than all other diseases put together, and until the last few years it was supposed to be incurable. For a great many years doctors pronounced it a local disease, and prescribed local remedies, and by constantly failing to cure with local treatment, pronounced it Incurable. Sci- euce has prtovon catarrh to he a constitutional disease and therefore requires constitutional treatment. 'Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo,-Ohio, is the only constitu- tioual cure on the market. It'is taken internally in doses from ten drops to a teaspoonful. It nets directly on the blood aud mucous surfaces of the systeui. They ott'er one hundred dollars for any case it fails to cure. Send for circulars and testimonials. Address F. 0. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. ISTSold by Druggists, TOe. The process of carbon iziug wool is getting special attention in Germany. for me that night. "Next morning gram from homo: I received a tele •Father is dead.' * Kinorsoii'x l^u ^ In driving with Kmorson pointed ptiinted house by o for liostun. YVhittior one day out a, small uii- the roadside and said: "There lives an old Calvinist in that house and she says (>ho prays for me every day. I am glad she does. I pray for myself." "Docs thee?" said Whittior; "what does theo pray for, friend junorson':"' "Well," replied Emerson, "when I first opon my eyes upon tho morning meadows and look out upon the beautiful world, I thank God that 1 am alive and that I live so near Boston. "—Argonaut. Some Consolation. A physician points out that fat people endure most kinds of illness much better than thii. people, bo- ciuiso they have an extra amount of nutriment stored away in tlioii tissues to support them during the ordeal. Moreover, ihere are many other consolations for persons of abundant girth. They aro generally optimists by nature, genial and j\T,y companions, whose society is universally preferred to that of people witli angular frames and dispositions. liifltM-oiit, J'olnts of View. In one corner of tho ball-room. Mr. Dornicke, to Mine. Nouvoau.x —Yes, a young man yet. Only 4i. In another corner of tho same. Young Dickson, to his chum- — There's that giddy old guy, Pornioke. Why can't he stay home and leave the dancing to the young men?— Chicago Kecord. Au lixtraordlaiu-y \Vom;u>. "Yes sir, my wife is a must extra ordinary woman. When I proposed to her what do you think sho said;"' '"This is so sudden,' of course." "No, sir; sho su-d, •! cxiJivUn. this.' » Only Quo Nltflit Out to Florfda. The morning train via the Monon Koute connects at Cincinnati with tha 7 p. m. through Yestibuled train of the Quecri & Crescent Koute, reaching Jacksonville at 10:flO p, in. the following day. The service of this popular line is unsurpassed by any line to the' south. For rates, time tables, etc.. address city ticket office, 2da Clark street, Chieago, or L. E. Sessions, N. W. P. Agt., Minneapolis, Minn. It takes some people a long tune to find' out tho difference between poor health and religion. ., The new BIOPATHIC System will cur* any acute disease in one treatment (cure or no pay), chronic in a few. Failure impossible. Invalids get well and then, learn the system, and get our diploma. Attain health, wealth and happiness, • One or more Biopaths are needed in every town to, extract the poisons the M. D.'s give. Coma' or write to Dr. Jolm Shelby, Sheeley Block, Omaha, Neb., for full information. The honest man who dies poor is rich! it bo only holds his own. Lane's Medicine Moves trio Rowels Kauh Day. In order to be healthy this is necessary. Cures consti patiotk headache, kidney and liver troubles and! regulates the stomach =and bowels. Prica 50c and $1.00 at all dealers. Tempting a child to do wrong is as much a sin as shoooting a man with a gun. Use Brown s Bronchial TvocDtes for Coughs, Colds and other Throat Troubles. "Pre-eminently the best."— lieu. Ifenrit If aril Eeecher. Napoleon, La., makes 1,000,000 pounds, of sugar a week. BEECHAM'S Piu.s act like magi& on tbo liver and other vital organs. One dose relieves sick headache m 20 minutes. Pennsylvania's annual crop yield 1 is. worth $200,000,000. If the Baby I* Cutting Teet», Be sure and use tlitt old and well-tried remedy, MR* •VIKSLOW'S SOOTHING Svnup for Children Tetthiny. Don't trust the man who pan't ask a loan before witnesses. «« Hanson'* fllaglc Corn Salve.' —."ranted ti - druggist, tor ll. Warranted to cure or money refuudoii. 7 Ask your trice 15 ucnly, The Hies that are in society are juttorfiies. mostly Stiilo)k'« Connuuiptlim Cure [s sold on u guiu-unte«. " --• • • .ion. It is thu bo? •• uiu-aiitc«. It cures Incipient Cgnsumn. best CoueU Ouro. S5.cli,CiOcW. * f M&, Wealth is a thing of beautyTbut not new. essanly a joy forever. Soo .er «*w* The bill collector is one of the things that do not wauUo ba put off until to- w wow The England-India cable is ai,Q 5* •

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