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Southern Illinoisan from Carbondale, Illinois • Page 4

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Carbondale, Illinois
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4
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fm Four Cartondafe Herrin Murphysbcro SOUTHERN ILLINOISAN, MONDAY, JUNE 4, 195B By Galbraitb EDITORIALS: Theso Uro Oar Opinions GOP Fears Dull Convention No Controversies To Stir Public Interest fin Old Bolshevik Steps Down violations. The other two members, Communist-dominated Czechoslovakia and Poland, have either vetoed attempts or have cooperated with North Korea to obstruct the proper function of the Commission. Under terms of the armistice each side is specifically forbidden to introduce troops, arms or material into Korea except as replacements. MAJ. Gen.

Robert G. Gard of the United States, head of the UN command, charges the North Korears with having 400 to 500 aircraft in that section of the peninsula, where at the armistice there was none. The Communist report of bringing in only 40 rounds of ammunition is, as Gen. Gard asserts, quite "implausible." She was kept pretty much in the dark, probably on account she wasn't so pretty in the light. SIDE GLANCES Ye, Pm working late, but lo! He says I could leave No could 1 ituuu: hyKCA WtU.

h-J 5 David Felts Column Asians Impressed By Red China Progress No Broach With Russians Expected does he give me frahe? on timo night Jt spell!" spirit when they fought Western troops to a stalemate in Korea and Indochina. Washington expectations that a powerful. China will eventually break with Moscow are only wish ful thinking, according to these ad vices. The current rebuilding would not have been possible without the Soviet's contributions of materials, technical and scientif ic assistance, and man power vnina program tor emerging from feudalism and mediaevalism is patterned on Moscow methods. Russian brains arc behind the scenes.

Chinese Exports Mao is now shipping small a. kj arms, light industrial equipment, foodstuffs and other goods to India, Egypt, Pakistan, Burma. Although the rulers of these countries protest that they have not become pro-Communist, they are deeply impressed by their northern neighbor's advances. Chaudry Mohammed Ali, Pakistan Prime Minister, says that he will study China techniques on his forthcoming visit to Peiping. Although Pakistan is a member of the Baghdad Pact, Ali will accept aid from any source in implementing his own five-year plan.

So will all these or neutralist lands. Nicholas Kaldor, a conservative British economist, warns that the West should not underestimate China's potential. After spending three months in India on a tax analysis for Prime Minister Nehru, he visited China as a state guest. In a New York Times interview, he said: "I should feel relieved, if United States aid to India were one- fifth as large as Russia's aid to FEW CLOSE oBservere of the Union were surprised by resignation of V. M.

Molotov as foreign minister and the ap-rpointment of Dmitri T. Shepilov, the editor of Pravda, to succeed vhim. Ever since Molotov confessed in October to an error in interpreting the ideology of Soviet "communism it has been evident that the last of the Old Bolsheviks solidified the October Revolution of 1917 into the monolithic Soviet Union of today was on his way out. While Bulganin Khrushchev went traveling Ito Yugoslavia, India and England, Molotov stayed home. It was Shepilov who arranged with Egypt's Nasser for the shipment of Czechoslovak arms to Cairo.

Nor is the timing of Molotov' resignation surprising. It came on the day before President Tito of Yugoslavia arrived in Moscow for his first visit to Russia since Stalin threw him out of the Corn-inform eight years ago. Tito regarded Molotov as the man who goaded Stalin into the Moscow-Belgrade break of 1948. The change in the foreign ministry will result in some shifts in Moscow's policies toward the West. Molotov was the embodiment of Stalinism the tough, promising diplomat of the postwar conference tables.

He even One columnist sect the most recent Kefauver Stevenson campaigning as two or three feet below the grass roots. When The Rains IT WASNT just raining rain last week in Illinois; it was also raining com, soybeans, wheat and oats for most of the fanners in the state. While newspaper stories focused the attention of Illinois residents on the floods which resulted in some areas from last week's heavy rains, farm advisers have now reported the good news that, in general, the rain did more good than harm to Illinois farms. Flood damage. was heaviest in the Farmer City area and along the Kickapoo, Sugar and Salt creeks.

Even in areas where farmers will have to replant their fields because of the heavy water damage, the situation could be a In England, the people drink to the Queen. Americans have no royalty to toast, although some of them drink to Excess. Why lRappy Isn't THERE was little in the results of Tuesday's primary election in Kentucky to make Gov. A. B.

Chandler happy. His can-diate for the U.S. Senate, former U.S. Rep. Joe B.

Bates, was defeated by Sen. Earle S. Clements, His majority was solid 80,000. Sen. Clements' victory means that his faction probably will remain in control of the Democratic party in Kentucky.

Two more showdowns are ahead. One is June 30 when the Democratic county conventions are held. The other is July 3 when the state convention meets. The contest for control of the Democratic party in Kentucky dates from "Happy" Chandler's defeat of Sen. Clements' candidate for governor last year.

The senator's victory in Tuesday's primary blunts Gov. Chandler's efforts to control Kentucky's delegation to the Democratic na If Until the North Koreans and the Communist "neutrals" on the Supervisory Commission make possible unrestricted inspections north of the 38th Parallel, the United Nations should have no part of this armistice provision. North Korea is taking a leaf from Moscow's propaganda scrap-book by announcing an impending reduction of 80,000 men in its army. This is meaningless until the United Nations can de-size the North Korean Chinese Communist military establishment. All this adds up, as well, to UN rejection of a new request by Peiping for a conference on reuniting Korea.

The Communists have failed to show good faith through which such a conference could accomplish anything. Beware of the handy gun, the handy butcher knife, the handy sleeping pills and the handy martini. A great distinction for Prof. Tuynbee, but it confers no title or precedence. It is an honor reserved for those who bring outstanding credit to the nation.

But if a knighthood has meaning in England, why not give such an honor to the man who has brought great distinction in letters? On the same honors list a champion cricketeer was knichted. While we are on the subject of English heraldry, it is pertinent to note that the English collegiate equivalent of a panty raid is the adventure of taking a bath in a woman's college dormitory. Sort of a collegiate Knight of the Bath. OF THIS Oh Yes AND THAT: Perhaps we shall read again one of our favorite novels, John Hersey's "A Bell For Adano," after the hour and a half television version last Sun-dav night. The TV version had to be cut away down, but its finale was memorable, and in the best of taste.

For the first time since the time out for Mexico we are abreast of the house, yard and garden chores, including attic and basement. In fact, we were so well caught up and the weather on Sunday morning was so cool and clement, we had no ready credible excuse for not attending Divine worship, unusual for us at this time of the year. We were familiar with hymns. One of them was an old favorite which we could sing by looking only occasionally at the hymnal. "Faith of Our Fathers." What was the faith of our fathers? Our Sire was a member of no church, but he was generous in support of, and fairly faithful in attendance at, the First Christian Church in Marion, to which Mother belonged.

There may have been a slight "Life With Father" situation, except that Mother did not insist. The three sons are members of Christian, Methodist and Presbyterian churches. The church at Lake Creek, attended by our paternal grandparents, was Missionary Baptist but we do not know if either belonged formally. Both are buried in the cemetery adjoining the church. That is, Our Sire's father and stepmother.

He never knew his own mother. But his stepmother gave him complete love and care which he, physically handicapped from birth, so desperately needed. Our maternal grandparents attended the Baptist church at Pleasant Hill, not far from Ma-kanda and both are buried in the adjoining cemetery which is on high ground not requisitioned for Crab Orchard Lake. We do not know whether the congregation at Pleasant Hill wa Missionary or Freewill Baptist. For many years the churches in Marion were Baptist (Missionary, Freewill and Primitive or Hardshell Methodist Northern and Southern) and Christian (Disciples of Christ, or The Presbyterians came late, as did the Episcopal church.

There was a Catholic church at Herrin and in Marion we heard stories whispered of strange goins-on. Of all songs currently popular although that may be a most relative term the least deserving is one with the refrain "I'm Like a Cat On a Hot Tin Roof." That's about as far as you can reach. The Tennessee Williams play with the title that inspired that song won a Pulitzer prize. ably rip roaring political show which toe Democrats will have put on the week before? Then are no easy answers to these questions and the Republicans are convinced they must come up with some answers if they are to avoid suffering something like a national blackout (that is, lots of dull picture with few people looking on) for a whole critical week. Must Interest Public The 'politicians consider this problem important.

The Republican strategists are exploring ways to produce a convention which could galvanize national interest on why, as they see it, a Republican President and a Republican Congress should be elected this fall. They had a real TV spectacular in 1952. It gave the Eisenhower drive a dynamic push. All the ingredients of a dramatic performance; which kept tht nation viewing, listening and reading about it from the opening gavel to Gen. Eisenhower's acceptance was present.

There were tense, uncertain, ax- plosive controversies over the seating of disputed delegations. The votes on thes early matters could determine tht nomination itself and yet there was doubt as to the outcome until the very end. No good substitute has thus far been suggested. As things now stand, I would think that three-day convention leading up to a major Eisenhower political speech which would in effect constitute the open- ing of the campaign itself, would be far better than some contrived, drawn-out affair which might bore the country nearly beyond recovery. Interest In Democrats The political circumstances will give the Democrats a good show and this will make the contrast all the sharper.

There will be candidates galore Stevenson, Kefauver, Harriman, and the dark horses. There is little prospect that we will know in advance who is going to win the nomination. The fact that the Republican candidate will this year be campaigning from the White House is a special asset which the party has not had in a long time. It assures Mr. Eisenhower recurring audience which a candidate outside the presidency can rarely command.

This advantage may compensate for a lacklustre convention, but the Republican planners are taking nothing for granted. They are still hoping to come up with some surprise at San Francisco. (Copyright, 1956) FRANCE TO SEEK VAXES FOR ALGERIA FIGHTING Paris, June 4 (AP) Finance Minister Paul Ramadier announced today the government soon will ask Parliament to Impose new taxes to cover the cost of fighting the 19-month-old na tionalist rebellion in Algeria. Ramadier said the request would be for about 100 billion francs ($285,714,000) in new revenues. one man, woman, or even child, were bloodily expended.

Soon after Washington's letter the first "Peoples Tribunals" would be ticking off heads, to the applause of Tom Paine. But in London, Burke would be uttering some of the most prophetic words of the modern age, all of which have long since come true. Reign of Terror Jacobinism was exported to Russia and Germany, and all peoples have been infected. Today the reign of terror is directed against the French in Algeria with counter-reprisals by the French. The apocolyptic spectacle of the H-bomb restrains Great States, but wars of terrorist bands, mining the roads and fields of farmers and murdering women and children in their beds, rages unchecked, in the name of national freedom, equality, sovereignty.

Everyone has an equal right to be a savage. None of the instruments of the modern state and of the whole United Nations afford security, because we live in a world where anything can happen to anyone; a world without inner imperatives and restraints. The type of man, distrubed over one single reprisal, reflective of the results to civilization of starting such measures in train, and inspired by veneration to a morality above all mundane issues, has all but vanished. But it speaks from the dimming page of a letter to an enemy, from one whom we call "The Father of Our Country." By ROSCOE DRUMMOND Washington You miy think the Republicans haven't any worries at all as they get ready for the national convention in San Francisco. They have their prized presidential nominee.

They know who their vice presidential candidate will be. The platform will be easy to draw; whatever the President wants, the President will get. No fights over delegates, no controversy, no conflicts, no. And that is just the biggest worry of all. No controversy, no conflicts.

TV audience; no dramatic running start into the campaign. Know Result This is what concerns the Re publican convention planners to day. Concretely: How to make a convention last five, days when all the business could be transacted one? How to make a convention in teresting to the voters when all the decisions are obvious in advance? How to keep the public from turning off their TV sets all over the nation after viewing the prob- China Nothing can stop China in a generation or two from becoming one of the leading countries of the world. Communism is a new religion there, and has released tremendous energy." Mao Impressive China's progress has influenced her Asian neighbors and ob- I servers in a way that may have long- term disadvantages for the United States. In weighing the benefits of Communist and democratic societies, Nehru has said that he will be guided by the results of Mao's ex periment.

Success there may affect the thinking and direction of rulers and peoples on the comparative merits of the two systems. They are inclined to be sympathetic to China, for, like all Asian lands, she was a victim of the West's proprietary colonial policies for many years. Moreover, Mao is rapidly sup planting Chiang Kai-shek in the affection and admiration of the 12 million overseas Chinese, espe cially in Southeast Asia. American diplomats defend our recognition of Chiang on the ground that, so long as his Nationalist Govern ment endures, the overseas popula tion will look to him as representa tive of China, supporting and financing his cause with remittances. Now, they seem to be shifting al legiance to Mao.

Communist China, in short, may become the Soviet's show window for the 600 million Asians who are still uncommitted in the "cold war." Preferring his outlaw status, which permits him to fish in troubled waters from Cairo to Tokyo, Mao may not even seek ad mission to the United Nations at the autumn session. tion of those enormities which have been the subject of discussion; and that this important end is likely to be answered without the effusion of the blood of an innocent person is not a greater relief to you, than it is to, sir, your most obedient and humble servant, George Washington." No one will pretend that Washington and the armies that fought at Valley Forge were "softies." But this letter breathes the fragrance of a humane and chivalrous ethic that was soon to die, not on the battlefields of the American Revolution but on the guillotines of the French. Capt. Asgill was an enemy, but has was also a man, guilty of no infringement of the codes of war. The execution of the American captain was rightly construed as an "enormity," but the American aim was to end, not compound' such enormities.

One observes the noble restric tions that these men set upon their behavior. If victory were to be achieved at the sacrifice of all the imperatives that hold men together in a common continuity of tradi tion and restraint, what content of value would the victory hold? George Washington's letter has been preserved for 300 years. But the spirit that dictated it has not been. The Jacobins of the French Rev olution ushered in the concept of terror as an instrument of war. and it has never abated.

For the "rights of man," that abstraction, the rights of any looks tough. Shepilov, on the other hand, is of the new generation of Communist leaders whoy have moved into positions of power not from the clandestine atmosphere of turbulent revolutionary times in Tsarist Russia, but rather from the ranks of the bureaucracy of a totalitarian state. Look a Shepilov's pciture; it is obvious that he is at home behind a desk, Of course, Moscow's foreign policy will still be determined by the collective leadership of the Soviet Union, with Khrushchev remaining as the dominant member of the group. Nevertheless, a different man in the foreign ministry will mean some difference in foreign policies. For the foreign minister is the man who must make the day-to-day decisions that are so important.

One other aspect of the shift in Moscow is significant. This is the first change in the top personnel of the Soviet Union since Khrushchev stepped forward as the first among equals 1 5 months ago, demoted Premier Malenkov to the electric power ministry and raised Marshal Bulganin to the premiership. Only one important change in 15 months indicates that the collective leadership of the Soviet Union is stable. VVith the motion picture business in the doldrums, theater operators find the federal amusement tax no laughing matter. Came In Illinois lot worse.

As it is, farm advisers point out, it is still not too late to replant. So, the chances are bright for a good agricultural year in Illinois. That, of course, is good news for the state's farmers, but, ironically, it may not be for the rest of the people of Illinois. More bumper harvests will probably mean larger surpluses which the government will have to buy under the agricultural price support laws. Drouth, of course, is not the answer to the farm problem, but the rains of the last week and the prospect they have brought with them of a good agricultural year in Illinois serve once again to emphasize that the problem of American agriculture remains one of an embarrassing abundance.

Friend of ours who displays a splendid poker face when losing says he finds it hard to keep from grinning when he is ahead. Happy tional convention and using it to enhance his own political fortunes. While the Democrats fiht it out in Kentucky, the Republicans have chosen as their candidate Thruston B. Morton, a former congressman who resigned as an assistant secretary of state in the Eisenhower administration to run for the Senate. Both the Democrats and the Republicans will choose nominees for the Senate seat left vacant by the death of Alben W.

Barkley in special conventions later this year. Former Sen. John Sherman Cooper, now U.S. ambassador to India, may be the Republican candidate for this seat. both Morton and Cooper are Republican nominees, the Democrats will have a difficult time in Kentucky even in the unlikely event that Clements and Chandler will be able to kiss and make up by November.

North Korea with building up its armed forces, especially with air power, since the armistice was signed. The Supervisory Commission, which is supposed to police the armistice, has been made tool of the North Koreans in covering up this illegal implementation of military power. Two traditionally neutral nations supplying members to the Commission, Svyitzerland and Sweden, have attempted to investigate the reported armistice IF YOU read newspapers regularly you may have your own ideas concerning the frequency with which leading advertisers tell their story, and the volume of advertising space they use in a year. Here are the figures on expenditures for newspaper advertising in 1955, as reported in Editor Publisher, the newspaper trade journal: General Motors $62,587,251 24,058,711 Ford Motors Chrysler Corp. Distillers-Seagram Colgate-Palmolive General Foods Proctor Gamble Lever Brothers General Electric National Distillers 9,110,168 9,353,133 8,665,524 7,946,306 7,672,939 7,557,414 6,715,088 Those are the first ten on the list, followed in order by Stude-baker Packard, Schenley Industries, National Dairy Products Philip Morris, American Tobacco General Mills, Reynolds Tobacco and National Biscuit Co.

In all, 96 corporations spent a million dollars or more for newspaper advertising and the 100th advertiser, Folger reported $990,145. Of the top 10, three are motor manufacturers, three are soap companies and two, distillers. And what's good for General Motors might be good, also, for the fourth Estate. A FRIEND reports that while driving on Route 66 recently, with the car radio turned on for company, he heard somebody say "I remember that Dave Felts once said something or other, and the other fellow on the radio asked "Whatever happened to old Dave?" Must have been a Springfield station. Was anyone else listening? We'd like to answer the man's que stion.

AT BLACKBURN College commencement exercises last week the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters was awarded toGeorge W. Bunn, described in news dispatches as president of the Springfield (111.) Marine Bank. That he is, but Gib Bunn is much more than that. He was, following the death of Logan Hay, the president of the Abraham Lincoln Association, directly concerned with the association's publications. He was a critical but informed adviser to miters in the field of Lincolniana.

A campus journalist at Princeton, Banker Bunn has made a hobby of writing, of drawing and of printing. He has his own private press and has issued a number of books that he wholly by himself. COL. ROBERT R. McCor-mick was editor and publisher of the Chicago Tribune, of which he was the principal owner.

He ruled the enterprise. "The Colo-ne!" was supreme in Tribune Tower. Since his death The Tribune has been in charge of a triumvirate Campbell, Wood and Mac-well and people keep asking if there has been any change in overall policies since committee took over in succession to one-man rule. There is a parallel of sorts. ON THE Queen's birthday honors list last week was the name of Historian Arnold Toyn-bee as a Companion of Honor.

By RAY TUCKER Washington, THE DEVELOPMENT of China as a great world power un der Russian tutelage will chance the complexion of the Far Eastern and Asiatic problem to the detriment of the United States, according to reports reaching the White House and State Department from foreign statesmen and business men. With vast industrial exoorts from Russia, Mao Tse-tung is reported to be raising China by its bootstraps, as Japan did in the last half of the 19th century. With Marxist discipline, he has rebuilt factories, extended railroad lines into the interior, established a sound currency, built a strong Army and Air Force, and modernized the economy. Although the Chinese people naturally suffer hardships from this almost overnight expansion grinding taxation, shortages of food and consumers' goods, regimentation in every field they take pride in their country's developing modernity. They displayed a new Mai, Estes Need Landslide By DORIS FLEESON THE VOTE in the Florid Democratic primary was light and close.

Adlai Stevenson gets most of the delegates 22 out of 28 by virture or winning the popular vote. But Sen. Estes Kefauver has proved that the South is not dead set against him as charged. In the long run, the results are ominous for both. They insure that the practical politicians of the par ty will take a hard look at other possibilities.

For the hard fought Florida contest showed that: 1. Neither the charmingly lit erate standard-bearer of 1952 nor the crime-busting senator has stir red up the populace. 2. Between the two, who in the end tackled one another rather roughly, the voter sees little choice. People vote with their elands.

The ability to generate emotion, excitement and partisanship is cru cial to a candidate. He must arouse an ardent following of his own at whatever cost, even if he incurs enmity or lifted eyebrows in the process. Intensive Campaign Both Stevenson and Kefauver covered Florida with an intensive, country coroner type of campaign ing. If Tuesday's vote is the best they can do in the way of popular excitement, Democrats must look elsewhere or concede that President Eisenhower is a shoo-in next fall. California remains.

Both men have gone there for a last bitter week. Kefauver has the less to lose because the party heads generally are hostile to him. He can be ex pected to put the emphasis on the minority and old age pension is sues, not sparing Stevenson in the process. Stevenson honestly disapproves of that kind of campaigning, but wiL be under heavy pressure from California leaders, who have gone out on a limb for him, to fight back in kind. Also, he wants to win.

Only a landslide for either man in a substantial outpouring of voters really will remove the tepid taste of past primaries. 'Rights Of Man Are Still Bloodily Expended Jacobinism Continues To Reign In Countries At Bv Dorothy Thompson THE CELEBRATION in Lon don of the 300th anniversary of the "First of Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards has unearthed i letter to an officer of that regi ment, written by George Wash ington on Nov. 13, 1782. -Those vevoted to the notion of perpetual human progress should ponder this letter, written during a war decisive for the infant Ameri can Republic. trie Dntisn nad executed an American prisoner, Capt.

Haidy, an action that was considered an enormity, and a reprisal was cfttfer- ed against a British prisoner of equal rank. Lots were drawn, the fatal number falling to a Captain Asgill, and a gallows marked with his name was erected. But in the newly founded Con- gress distaste tor tnis measure manifested itself, and Gen. Wash ington was instructed to free him. There must have been consider able debate before the decision was reached, for Washington, in communicating it to the prisoner, regrets "the disagreeable circumstances in which you have so long been," assuring the Briton, wait ing for death, that delays in acting upon his letter pleading for clemency "did not proceed from.

want of feeling for your situa tion. Washington continues: "I can not take leave of you, sir, 'without assuring you that. I never was influenced bv sanguinary motives but by what I conceived a sense United Nations Action Justified THE United Nations command in Korea has ample justification for ordering the four-menber Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission out of South Korea and into the neutral zone. North Korea has protested the order violates terms of the armistice. But there is evidence that the North Koreans themselves have for some time been violators.

The United Nations thus has the right To Protect Itself. Specifically, the UN command and South Korea have charged of my duty. precent a repeti-lgreat.

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