Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California on April 20, 1913 · Page 5
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Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California · Page 5

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SUNDAY MORNING -OAKLAND TRIBUNE- APRIL 20,7913. ... SOLVINOl OF mm " .,u m i 11. 1 1.1 11 11 1 .11 . ,1.... i. ...i. -U "f" . :J':-; ,,!.,'. j---'uv,i Yv Reiisinier's ; i; ; : ; t flpm ti fa - - - - - - ' Vk, - - ,?v 4hC- j&ay.yjff., -.-.y 'ttitt. 1 ..n ',. i Hl-t mif f -ff iiMm.ilwljilrf'''iii ,iwt.MWWii.ll HE mystery of the Sphynx is about to be solved, in part, according to reports from Egypt, by the discovery of Professor G. A. Reisner of Harvard that the head of the Sphynx is the ante chamber o a great series of temples. A depression in the top of the gigantic piece of masonry, had previously been observed, but Professor Reisner is the first man who realized what this might lead to. . Denon. the savant, who accompanied Napoleon's army,' reports that in 1802 he found a large opening in the head and descended 10 feet into it. In recent years, this opening had greatly filled up and few have noticed it. Some think the opening found by Denon was made by Arabs in their everlasting search for treasure in mediaeval times, but it was so large and deep that this seemed improbable. In 1835 Colonel Vyse and Mr. Perring were led by the depression to try boring rods at the shoulder of the Sphynx on the chance of finding an internal passage. The rod broke at 27 feet and the broken rod still remains there. "V An old tomb-shaft has been known to exist in the body of the Sphynx, which stretches for a length of 120 feet in the desert, and the head rises 40 feet above "that. To Professor Reisner it seems to have occurred that the depression in the head means much more than has yet been found. The enthusiastic young professor dug at the caked sand with hand and knife to find that it yielded to his eager f inger3. It was hard but not hard enough to withstand the energy of the excavator. After his first examination he secured the right. to excavate into the Sphynx itself no easy task, for the Egyptian Government is none too ready to grant . this precious right arid then his great task was really begun, for it is most difficult to secure : workmen who will labor at the dominating genius of the desert, revered by them and their ancestors for so many generations past. One by one he bribed and hired a few of the least superstitious of the fellaheW-and the work went on al too slowly for his energy. At last the' sand and blocks. that had been placed at the opening or drifted in were removed, and the explorer found himself in a chamber 60 feet long and 14 feet wide, which constituted a little temple complete in itself, yet connecting through a tunnel running down the neck, with a far mightier temple occupying the entire body of ftie monster. ; . . The Sphynx itself is so placed as to face the rising sun. The head, to judge from the description sent out by Dr. Reisner, must have been the "holy of holies" of the greater temple below. The main temple is comparatively spacious, extending even below the body of the Sphynx, itself filled with columns, engraved in ancient figures, and adorned with gold and figures of the gods. . ' .-.-' (By LEE LANDERS.) PERHAPS nothing on earth ha puzzled scientists and the world at Urge for.so mary ages as those two r rollosal monuments, the Sphinbc and the great pyramid of Jeeseh. ' Investigators "have advanced Innumerable theories ,i k.u.. ...iHiiir their Vorietn and -.. hut'.'-it Is lamentable, for t.ie rause of truth and science, that the lat-Mt of these should have appeared in the daily press. The following published nn- 1r date of March 13, is quoted: ' LONDON, March 13. The mystery of tne bpninx, wmcn uu iiumicu world for ages. Is solved. According ' ,to an article published in the West- - Vminlster Gaxette, Geo. - Reisner. a Harvard Egyptologist, has removed the accumulated .sand from the Interior of the Sphinx's head and has gained entrance to a temple 120 feet . lomfc, which runs the entire length of the JioiS a body.- This temple the ex? " plorers believe, forms the tomb of Menes. the first Pharaoh and is sup-. posed to contain his mummified body. Besides the great central tsmple. the mouths of various passages. have been "J'covered. These have not yet been iplored, but it is expected they will be found to lead to a subterranean 4 rtty. Basing an editorial upon the foregning cable dispatch, the Washington Post says: . ' . Through CO centuries, from the time of Menes L King of Egypt, to these . times of automobiles and aeroplanes, the Sphinx has kept her secret well. The Arabs, have folded their tents and stolen away. Bustling twentieth t-antury professors remove the tecum- sand of 60 centuries from the t - ifjeerior of the head of the Sphinx and (Hub through the neck to a tempi BB15DDLE THE S )T ,,, . ,. . ,v. , . v ." T- - " . - ' " ' . , Yi v "s?-,3; Wonderful that runs the whole length of the gigantic body, measuring 120 feet. There " they And the tomb of Menes I, where in lies his mummified body, and -below perhaps, a 'subterranean city. Thus the secret of the ages Is wrested from Its hiding place the Sphinx a tomb for one dead man who typified all the dead that have gone be- - fore and after tilm ! TOMB Or MENES. It is to be- regretted that the Washing ton Post, at once clad these misleading speculations in the garb of verified data of the universe, for it Is seriously to be doubted whether Professor Reisner ever entertained or expressed them, evin'as opinion or belief. .We would be startled to learn that such a reputed Egyptolog ist believed "that this temple forms the tomb. of Menes, the first pharoah. and is supposed to contain his mummified body." Surely Professor Reisner knows jof the excavations at, Abydosr conducted by Marietta Pasha under "the " auspices -of the Egyptian Exploration Fund, during which were brought to light not only the tomb of Menes, but also a large globular vase of green glaze, undoubtedly authentic, with Menes name inlaid in royal purple. The professor, it is believed, will also admit that the Spbinx is not at all in accordance with the architecture of the time of the Pharoahs. That the other pyramids and Sphlnxs are lamentably unworthy imitations of the Great Pyramid and Sphinx and were constructed as monuments and tombs by the Egyptians, who. evidently, could ascribe no other as to the tmpenetratably Duxsling models which had been standing before them for ages. The copies show that they had no knowledge of th Interior f th Ar1lTla m"A. that, though they were standing In Egypt they were in no way of or In harmony with historical Egj-pt. No Egyptologist will believe it a tomb, unless a body PBYNX ,l; , 1 x' i ' ',.' ' i . - .!-. i .- , . ' v. . x -v.- . Discovery actually found, together with authentic proof of sepulchral, use. As to.thft theory. that the narrow passages, which the Harvard scholar discovered at 'the end of the temple, lead to an underground city, it would require a violent stretch of the imagination to believe- that the architects of 'The First Wonder of the World" constructed narrow passage-way entrances for the populace of a. city of the Pharoahs. w)th Its priestly processions, sacrifices of bulls, horsed warriors and -cumbersome chariots; and it is safe to believe that the world at large will not accept these theories as alacrldly as the Washington Post did. . , WHO SHALL 8AYT But If not a royal tomb or an entrance to an underground city, what, then, are tnjse two wonders, of the past that still tower so high above modern intelligence that they could not be duplicated even In this day of advanced architecture and engineering JTj WefJthe? as Prof. Piazia Smith attempted to prove, built uimer uib .airecuon or a -ueinea Architect, as Louis P. McCarty of San Francisco, ably theorized, of. AVantean origin. knowingly placed by them on what proves to be. the tract geographical center of the earth where, as they then knew. It would endure through all past and future cataclisms? Who shall say? . There is little actually known of these ancient mysteries.- Mr. McCarty published to the world an admirable book. "The Great Pyramid of Jeesen," San Francisco, 1907, in which he says, at page 4e: , "For several years previous to ISM, A. D., . CoL George E. Raum, a resident of Kan Francisco. Ci.t has been delving w4-r the rrcat Sriilnx witi the aid ot a number of Egyptian natives. His frtend say be has Issued a small book on the subject of the Sphinx, giving his discoveries. If so t?J -are have been unable to -I nryHr.i-HVV.x (UEFTk as -s-j: i if tiik ni.st OF HARVARD VXIVF.He.ITY. IS VXVF.1LIXG A SERIFS OF SPHYNX IS FORMED. THE DRAWING I1EI.OW IS ONLY YET AVAILABLE. THE TEMPLES AND STAIRWAYS,' HOWEVER. SPHYNX IS OCCTPIED BY TWO SMALL CHAMBERS AND THE BODY BY A LARGER PILLAR-LINED TEMPLE WITH PASSAGES LEAD-IXG IX SEVERAL-.DIRECTIOXS. , - ".' i V -. I tr v ' .v 4 A u -!" " J i. 1 : :. f--.-..: "-, . '.,'; v, -. : . . . . aT ht's - ' 'If r 1 ...A.AttXAta., I i yvn) ii ii trace It, or to have the pleasure of meeting Mr. Raum. A rumor exists, however, that he has discovered something regard ing the Sphinx, that he desired to keep a secret for the present Be this as it may, we have written the above' in self de fense, that our friends will not charge our theory of the sphinx to have been taken from any person or publication." Col; Raum died recently and the writer has made fruitless search for the boon above referred to; . accordingly he can credit Col. Raum with no more than the discovery, in 1898, of tha cap of the Sphinx at Jeezeh, which was missing therefrom for many centuries. Prof. Reis ner must be credited with his recent dis covery of the temple, but to Ixjuls Mc Carty, who spent more than 30 years, in Pyramid research,- must go the credit for the compilation of the most authen tic data regarding The Great Pyramid and Sphinx and the deduction of some of the most rational theories advanced regara ln their origin and Duroose. Had this rreat scholar delved further, as the writ er believes and will endeavor to show, he would have found his theory, that all this was the work: of the Atlanteans, a lost -race -which-4sted -beforo -tba- present untenable and would never have reasoned that there were no inhabitants then liv ing in the whole of Egypt." On the contrary, he would probably- have correlated this great Temple of-Light, with its silent Tyler, not so much to a race, as to a "Venerable Association. whose central habitat la In the recesses of India, with a scientific membership,- drawn fiom au tne advanced civilizations of earth who, lar from ever having been lost, havs a com- nlete Ichain of- lineage from -ths Immeai- ate present to a time long oeioro through this Brotherhood's efforts, be came the center of "learning and clvlli tlon. The following, taken at random from chap. 4 of ' The Great Work." by T. K- Indo Am. Book Co., Chicago, aoay prove Of interest to- Masons In search of llgm "More than 1,000 years before ths dawn of the-Christian era;' Egypt ws- entering upon -the period of its intellectual and spiritual "ascendency. " About this time the Great School, ever watchful. for a propit ious opportunity to convey Its message-of scientific knowledge and spiritual ugni u the world, believed that- the hour -. for whlch.lt had waited and worked had Indeed come. Its "wise men" , in council assembled, after the moat thoughtful consideration and prayerful deliberation,- decided -to undertake the establishment of a branch school and. subsidiary headquarters near the heart of Egyptian clvi. Illation. To thst end "Ellola," one of the Great Masters, was commissioned to direct the difficult undertaking. Under hit personal supervision the work was undertaken and inaugurated. A school was established. - - Under all the ancient safeguards of secrecy and tha protecting shield of obscurity Its work waa conducted ' in due and ncient form." For more lIiQ ii 1ii1mik waa a po tent factor 1ft ne ' evolutionary unro'.a-rocnt of EgnMlan civilization. Its wisdom snd nnfatUng Judgments becamo the solid - foundation of governmental poli it .prFtnfc jLVT;yraiLX ovKiut s in ri:vn.Y madk wrriiiv - VV Sftjx' iv 'CxViifc:::: cies. Its -science and Its, art became natural basis for the loftiest civilizations, the most exalted achievements and the holiest inspirations 'Of the soul. Its re llglon was the religion of Light, Life and Immortality. Evidences of their science, art and religion were -wrought into en during monuments which, even to this day. mark the upward pathway of Egyp tlau civilization -and bear silent but elo quent testimony to the wisdom and work of the Great Masters. . DEATH OF EGYPT. . ."But the tide of civilization ai last reached its height. The poison of unas- simllated prosperity was in the blood of tfo-vrxt Tha atruttrflrlA for nosltlon ana rpower began.' Dishonesty prevailed. Op pression and domination rouowea. ui ferine and sorrow were everywhere. The crv of the subject was unheard and un answered. Death had. set its. Irrevocable seal upon the proudest of nations. Egypt died, the history of her death struggle is the tragic story of the approaching and appalling , spiritual darkness .which nn ally settled over that beautiful land of sunshine "When this depIoraWe condition had become'-an-esta.bllshed-fact--and -the- doem of . the nation and Its civilization nao been irrevocably sealed, the Great School withdrew from .Egypt, and by special edlot not one of Its members not scored ited atudents remained from whom the secret wisdom thereafter might be on talned in that country. Tha door of the "Temple of Light'! waa closed and sealed. 'And so it was that' the glory of great nation departed with the wisdom and the honor of its people and tne sun t its in tellectual light and spiritual Ufa went down In darkness and espair, never to rise again until the coming of a new race, a wiser people and better - religion. Egypt became "The Land of Darkness, and so it still remains." Another historic effort of this venera ble association, ' of still further purport to Masons, the same book describes as follows at page 4e; -"Freemasonry. In Its modern form, rep resents but one of the many efforts of the rjri Parent. School to- transmit Its knowledge to fhe world Indefinite,-scieiv Ufio and crystallized form. Had tnat ei- fort' been' entirety ruceessful the Masonic fraternity never would have' come to be known a a mere "specula tlve" order. That la to say, our modern order of spec ulative masonry Is only a "subs'.ltute for' tha association that waa originally Planned and intended by the Great School of tha Masters. Had the original design ben fully consummated" an exotic order af "operative." Masons would have been the result. Its members would nave De- come "operative" Masons in the ancient andeja.lted meaning of that term. That ia irwil. uey would nave oecome master operators of the faculties, capacities and powers of their own souls. In that event. : Freemasonry would have become a areat ououc school of spin-.ual Wis dom in direct touch and co-operation with the Parent School from which it received its inspiration and .its authority. It would have-become, st great educational x-- x. f Ji' L - . xrT ' 4 . " J "W- jnl. I A f I, l( 1 II A t II i I ' J. I . v , jr -w- - a i i .: i ss .... at t i i i :. i af ! is I f . f f .. 1 , f ' ... i , ......... 1 the m'uy... ' ok ssoh cixiik.i: a. hki.s.m.ii. , koyptologist HIDDEN TEMPLES WITHIN THE NATI RAI. HOCK OF WHICH THE APPROXIMATE IN ITS DETAILS, AS MEASVRED DRAWINGS ARE NOT ARE SHOWN IN THEIR RELATIVE v .... . ' . "1 - t -. t v- ...-The firsf oF a conneed series tP Temples (dedtcaW ro . rhe Sun) in rfce ad a body 'of the Sphinx, ..'.. V : ' -I ' 1 ' s . w-r5-' institution wherein its members would have, learned the definite fact of another life and the scientific method of Its Inde pendent, rational and voluntary demon stratlon. All this and vastly more were included In the original plan and purpose of Freemasonry." WHO THE DESIGNERS? Gathering what available data therel at hand to establish the probable origin, ago and purposu of the two great wonders of, the world, we findthat they are, not In accord with Egyptian architecture; who, then, were Its designers? , CoL H. Wyse, in 1837, during his excavations, found on the unfinished internal portions of soras of the blocks of masonry he dislodged, rude markings .with red paint, evidently meant for the workmen who were laying the courses of masonry, and Indicating position. These markings are not In Egyptian, and antedate-any known language. Ase the ancient Sanscrit of India, known to but few, and most of these wise men of the East, Is the oldest language extant, It Is quite possible that It Is this form of Sanacrlt." Another incident which points to ancient India is thefact. discovered .by. John. A. Parker, of N. Y. city, that by a variation of the use of the British measures of the Great Pyramid, . taken aystematl-cally. not empirically, a diameter value to a-circumference value of fl .Is found, which Is the basis of the Hindu -method for the calculation of tables- of sines and cosines, tangenta and cotabgebts and the orbits of planetary bodies: this variation Is found to- gJve the exactitude of all pyr amid measures, agreeably to the design of this architect. All written ' history corroborates the statement that tha Great Pyramid was Inviolably sealed until 820 A. D., when CaMph A. Mamoun, with the aid of Mohammedan workmen, after tremendous labor, hewed an opening through the solid masonry, for a distance of 100 feet, to what Is called the present entrance. And what waa the reward of these months of labor? A steep Incline of 110 feet, as-Cendable only on hands and knees, then a gallery, on tha same level, for a further 1?0 feet, than a, chamber M-feet long and 17 feet broad. And for this, ac cording to' almost every, subsequent writer, that wwto eapVi-imd. an abso- utely pert ect . square, ibi leet- on eacn side, was built? ' Picture a building, cov ering 18V4 acres, with lta apex 486; feet above the ground, weighing 6,275,834 tons,' built mainly for a chamber 84x18. con taining nothing but an empty stone coffer without a lid,-without Inscription, 8 foot 8 Inches long by feet inches wide and 8 feet deep, too large to have been set after complotlon of the chamber entrance therefore put in position for construc tion, bearing no Inscription, containing no mummy, not " encased with masonry to keep a dead body inviolate, but' with magnificently built stone paasac-es leading directly to It what could It all mean? Surely, as McCarty states, that sarcopha gus was put there for men to look on and with anrl Mi-. miA n. .11x1 . Tn II- lustrata to candidates seeking knowledge v rv v lit vTTYrT f Tl i I'll. ) :N ' POSITIONS. THE HEAD OF THE ; ;V . . . I ) I 7 :". f - - . -. ,.,X ..J ,. ... ., . 2 3 . e. J of the hidden mysteries of life, bot her and beyond tha veil, that which any illustrious Mason could reveal. But Imagine that you have been conduoted through ; the still unknown portions of that enormous tempe, (the largest building In tht world), and that you hava been brought to light and stand on tha platform' of- tht Great Pyramid which, by the way. Is tht only one whosa sides exactly face tha foui cardinal points"; then gaze toward th southeast, to a polntlkfiout seven-elghtbl of- mile from the S. E. corner of ths pyramid; there. you will' see-the Sphinx, looking away from you in the sama djrec-, tlon. You will no'.e the perfectly sculptured Imago of a llon'a body,-with tji strong grip of his pa.ws extending flftj feet from his shoulders, the whole body crowned with a head of extremely Intel. Hgent contour. (It waa of inspired beauty before a fanatical sheik used It for a target.) Would not all this suggest, as McCarty pointed out, "intelligence, eolup-led with great strength, raising those who enter from the grave" and not. aa the Washington' Post points ' out, "the endless ages of death?" Does not' this hug monument, hewn out of . natural, .rock, I . t n In lta t-imir mm I)..ti. tlA L discovered, a temple lzo reet long, wiin passages leading' therefrom,' seem a, most " fttlng entrance for such a mass of material as that of the Great Pyramid? And does it not seem likely that further -excavating will substantiate the claim that the Masonlo lineage dates back to many thousand years before the Mosaic period? -"" FARM BETTERMENT BOOK EMPHASIZES; MARKETING SPOKANE. Wash., April 19. ' Farm betterment work, as outlined by the National Country Life congress a, year and . a half ago, gets a decided boost in s 100-page handbook lust Issued by tht Spokane Chamber of Commerce for free, distribution. The volume places '.special emphasis on the marketing 'question. Tho country- -school, ' farm - -home.'- far!" -community life, good roads and ' transportation, and the production " of ? farm crops and animals, ar treated la sep arata , departments. Tha ' , matter ' contained In the book la taken from addresses ' delivered by' noted man ' and women at the first National Country Life Congress, in Spokane. ' during November,' 19U. "In Issuing" this book. w feel we are. making a' valuable" contribution to ihe cause of 'better farming and better farm life In general.--said Secretary Gordon C. Corbaley of the Chamber of Commerce, adding. . "The ' key- ' note of the book la struck 'in ' tho fol- lowlnr sentence: ""Getting yoor : stuff s about S3 1-S Pr cent of the business and selling It at a profit Is 6S !-.' If.yo'J can grow a thousand busneis ot wneat to the acre, and If you cannot sen it at a I pronL that is mighty poor

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