The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 19, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 19, 1954
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 49 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MAY 19, 1954 TWELVE PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Citizens Here Favor Segregation By GEOEGE ANDERSON (Courier News Staff Writer) Reaction along Main Street here to Monday's decision of the Supreme Court, ruling racial segregation in public schools unconstitutional, revealed today .that Blytheville residents overwhelmingly believe the court was wrong in knocking down the 57-year-old doctrine of "separate but equal" school facilities for Negroes and whites. A survey made by the Courier News showed that for every person who felt the decision was right, 10 thought the court was wrong in attempting to impose an integrated school system on the South. Gradual Change Seen In most cases, however, the opinion was tempered in some manner. Many people, though opposing the ruling at this time, felt that eventually such a single system as the court proposes will have to come about. They felt that it is inevitable, but that it should take place gradually over a long period of years. W. B. Nicholson, superintendent of Blytheville schools who was unavailable for comment yesterday, made this statement this morning: "This is not a new problem. We've had it all along. The court has told us we must do something about it. It is a problem for all the parents of all the children and for all the citizens of the state. We, the school people,-are employes of the public and. it is our job to carry out what the public wants done." One of the main reasons for opposition of many of the persons polled on Main Street, most of whom preferred to remain anonymous, was the possibility, and in fact the probability, of further integration and association of the two races even beyond the school room. Reasons Given This view was expressed by Jerry Prankum, Jr., employe at the First National Bank, who said, "The main objection I have to the decision is that it would ultimately result in inter-marriage of the two races. I do think the Negroes need better schools, but they shouldn't attend the same schools as white people. In Blytheville they are pretty well taken care of, but in some rural places they aren't." The only woman who thought the court was right in its ruling- said the separate system used in the South was only a matter of custom. "A gradual change would be a good thing, '\ she said. One man said, "I certainly do think the court was right." The moral and ethical right of every citizen, regardless of race or color, to equal education is "part of the Constitution," he said. Agreement On the moral aspect of the question, everyone agreed that tne Negro should have equal opportunities for education, and many cited the progress and advances made by the race during the past 15 or 20 years, not only in education, but in other areas as well. But most felt that if facilities were equal, the fact that they were separate would not matter, thus disagreeing with the court opinion that separate systems are inherently unequal. Most of the opposition expressed was based on personal objections. Only a few ventured into the legal or ethical aspects of the issue. Oddly enough, only one person defended the position that the question was one for the states See REACTION on pape 7 3f. if. # City's Voters Give Okay to Sewer Plan Measure Passes In Large Turnout In the heaviest special election voting in Blytheville' history, voters yesterday put their emphatic stamp of approva on an $850,000 bond issue to provide the backbone for a nev city-wide sewer system. Arguments on Segregation Ruling Planned for Oct. 12 WASHINGTON (AP) — The Supreme Court is making plans to hear arguments on, Oct. 12 — the earliest possible date — on the form of final decrees to carry out its decision ending segregation of Negroes and whites in public schools. * Court Clerk Harold B. Willey said today he hopes the arguments can be completed in one day. The nine justices will then weigh the matter in closed conference before issuing the decrees, perhaps short- Russell Riales Russell Rial es Dies Services Services for Russell Edwin Riales, who died suddenly last night, will be conducted at 2 p.m. Thursday in Holt Funeral Home Chapel by the Rev. Roy Bagley. Burial will be in Memorial Park Cemetery with Holt Funeral Home in charge. Mr, Riales, 54, was born in Como, Miss., and lived in Osceola before moving to Blytheville in 1928. • A real estate man, he was a member of the Methodist Church; charter member of the local real estate board and a member of the state and national Real Estate Boards. He was also affiliated with the Moose Club and the American Legion. He leaves his wife, Mrs. Betty Riales, of Blytheville; his mother, Mrs. Annie Riales, of _ Blytheville; and step son, Sonny Hankowitz. Active pall bearers are, A. O. Hallman, Dr. F. L. Husband, Dr. Hoyt McDaniels, H. W. Mahan. William Bear, Fleetwood Joiner, Dave Richardson, and Herbert Sinquefield. Honorary pallbearers are, Bob Karris, Hatch Doan, R. M. Beck, W. T. Barnett, Byron Marse, Bob Kirshner, Philip Applebaum, Virgil East, I. A. Elder, Dr. J. E. Beasley and members of Blytheville Real Estate Board. ly after the arguments, possibly months later. The court, after ruling that segregation of public school pupils because of race violates the Constitution, permitted delay in the final decrees to give officials in the 17 Southern and Border states affected time to work cut plans for segregation. District of Columbia officials announced yesterday that they planned to integrate schools by the opening of the new fall term. President Eisenhower was quoted as expressing an interest and asking to be kept informed .on progress. Nothing in the court's opuvon | prevents such steps to end segregation immediately. I Directly involved in the cases on the court docket, besides the District of Columbia, are South Carolina, Virginia, Delaware and Kansas. Other states which require 'or permit segregation in public schools were asked to file "friend of the court" briefs by Oct. 1 telling why they oppose integration. Georgia Defiant The only state to hint at open defiance was Georgia. Atty. Gen. Eugene Cook said-h,e would refuse to take part in the October hearings. Gov. Herman Talmadge, backing Cook, called the hearing an invitation "to help select a knife to cut our heads off." While disappointment was voiced elsewhere in the South at the decision, most officials felt the problem could be worked out if ap- STATES AFFECTED BY SEGREGATION RULING — Dark area of map includes states requiring segregation of pupils, while shaded portion locates three states where segregation is per- missive. The Supreme Court ruled separate educational facilities are inherently unequal and do not provide privileges guaranteed under the 14th amendment. (AP Wirephoto) Indochina Peace Talks Resumed In Secret; No Sign of Progress By EDDY GILMORfc GENEVA (AP) — The Indochina peace talks were resumed in another secret session today without any sign of progress. As the third consecutive restricted meeting got under way, the nine-party conference was reported tightly deadlocked over Western demands that Communist forces withdraw immediately from Laos and Cambodia. At the same time, France es preached gradually and reasonably. One issue awaiting the October hearings is whether integration should be ordered immediately or gradually. Some court observers said it was most likely that the Supreme Court itself would issue detailed decrees Where necessary, rather than asking the aid of special masters or of lower federal courts. This would speed up the final step. Observers said a state which See SEGREGATION on page 7 Cancer Fund Drive Still Shy The total of North Mississippi County's Cancer Fund Drive has risen to $1,398.55, according to Louis Isaacs, chairman of the Cancer Association's fund campaign in North Mississippi County. This total is still shy of the goal of $2,000. Contributions for the additional amount were received from Number Nine community, $30.45; Dell, $25; Rocky Home Demonstration Club of Leachville, Route 1, $6; and miscellaneous donations of $6.10. Mrs. Marvin L. Hart is chairman of the Number Nine district and thVKiwanis Club is handling the drive in Dell, Mr. Isaacs said. Senate Group Okays White River Dam Funds Anti-Red Nations Laud Court Ruling WASHINGTON (#)— Clellan (D-Ark) said Senate Appropriations Sen. Me- today the LONDON 1/PJ—The American Supreme Court decision outlawing segregation in U.S. public schools has won a good press over the non-Communist world, something the. United States frequently doesn't get. In India, seat of much anti- American feeling, non-Red members of Parliament acclaimed the decision as unanimously as the judges had ruled. The powerful Indian Express chain of newspapers in New Delhi, Bombay and Madras welcomed the ruling as a "healthy change in enlightened American opinion." London's Laborite Daily Herald said the antlsegregation ruling "will make every friend of humanity and every believer in democracy cheer." It termed the decision a "great liberal victory and a sign that America is going the right way about a problem it does not always recognize for what it is—a colonial problem within its own borders.'" The frequently anti-American London tabloid Daily Mirror said the ruling would "rank in socilo- logical significance with Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation." Committee I In Paris, the Neutralist Le has approved three million dollars for work on Table Rocfc Dam on the White River near the Arkansas-Missouri border. The item, he said, was included in an Army Civil Functions appropriation* bill. America, devoted its regular front- page editorial to praise of the decision .The ruling, it said, "Marks the victory of jusl'n* ovor race prejudice, a victory for democracy." , tablished direct contact here fo the first time with the Vietminh in an attempt to settle the controvers; over the evacuation of woundei from Dien Bien Phu. The two dele gations appointed special repre sentatives. They conferred briefly but had nothing to say after th meeting. The top diplomats of the Western Big Three discussed strategy for more than two hours this morning at British Foreign Secretary An thony Eden's villa. There was .no official announcement as to their decisions. France and the United States were reported pushing plans for a Southeast Asia pact. A source close to French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault said secret French-American talks which have been going on in Washington, Paris and Geneva the past few days would continue regardless of how the Geneva parley progressed. Here .in Geneva, the nine-nation Indochina peace talks were reported stalemated over Western demands that Communist forces withdraw immediately from Laos and Cambodia. One Western informant said no progress had been made on this or any other points since the closed-door sessions began two deys ago. Another Session Due Another secret session on Indochina was scheduled today. Informed sources said a fourth may be held tomorrow, but that the thorny problem then probably would be laid aside until next week. In view of this stalemate, a French source said, France and the United States had agreed to go ahead with plans for an Asian defense pact without awaiting British approval. The British contend such negotiations should await the outcome of the Geneva conference. The French oppose the delay. They fear the Communists may try to keep the conference enmeshed in endless debate while the Vietminh build up strength to mount a massive attack on the strategic Red River delta.' When that happens, France wants to have her allies ready to fight without delay.- Ofcay Open Meetings Britain reportedly has agreed, however, to open military staff conferences soon on Southeast Asia with the United States, France and other Allied nations interested in Southeast Asia. They include Australia, New Zealand, Thailand and the .Philippines. Western diplomat's said American n'Ts to form a u"' f ^-' front agr\.'it ccmmun..m in w oi Siw INDOCHINA on p*fe 1 60 fo 80 French Wounded Due At Hanoi from Dien Bien Phu PARIS (AP) — A French Press Agency dispatch from Hanoi reported that 60 to 80 French Union wounded from Dien Bien Phu are expected to arrive sometime today in that north Indochina capital. The dispatch gave no further details and it was not immediately known here how so large a number was being transported Final count on returns in th office of County Clerk Elizabeth Blythc Parker showed the citizen cast 1,121 votes for the measure as opposed to 727 against. The victory marked the firs important milestone in a long strug gle to gain adequate sewage treat mcnt and disposal for Blytheville For years, the city has been un der attack by the State Health De partment for its obsolete and over loaded septic tnnk system. Yesterday's ordinance provide only for construction of mains, lif stations and a treatment plant. Districts Needed Northern and southern improve men I districts which arc to tie on to this "backbone" system will run the total cost to $1.02 million. Little Rock Engineer Max Mehl burger this morning began work 01 preparing plans and specifications but bonds probably won't be offere for sale until late June. This latter came from bond at torneys Wommeldorf and Lindsey also of Little Rock, who also begar working on the Blytheville sewe issue this morning as they prepare advertising necessary prior to sell ing of bonds. Reaction of both Little Rock firm was that "Blytheville must be Ward-by-Ward Voting Here's how the city voted, by wards, yesterday's sewer election: Ward Yes Nc 1 , 288 36. 2 525 146 3 252 135 4 46 85 Absentee 10 from the fallen fortress. So far, the French have been able to use only helicopters and other small planes for the evacuation because heavier planes cannot land on the destroyed Dien Bien Phu airstrip. Eighteen wounded were flown from Dien Bien Phu to Luang Pra- bang, the royal Laotian capital, yesterday. Eleven had been brought out last week before the French suspended the evacuation temporarily over the weekend, charging the rebels were refusing to repair the airstrip so larger planes. it could handle Cherry Okays Negroes On Demo Committee LITTLE ROCK (JP)~- Gov. Cherry said yesterday that Negroes are entiled to membership on the Democratic State Committee. They participate in party affairs, vote in party primaries and contribute to the party, he pointed out., The governor noted, however ,that a person must attend the Democratic state convention in order to be named to the committee. Heroic French Nurse Due to Be Released GENEVA W — Genevieve de Galard Terraube. heroic French air force nurse who was captured by the Vletminh when Dien Hen Phu fell, will be freed today, a Vietminh delegation source here said. The source said his delegation had received the information in a telegram from the Vietminh high command in Indochina. It was presumed the nurse would be flown out of Dien Bien Phu by helicopter, along with wounded French prisoners. ' The pretty blue-eyed 29-year-old from Paris was the only woman in the fortress when it fell. She had flown into the fortress by helicopter March 27, planning to fly out with a load of wounded. But rebel artillery from landing. "The boys have invited me to stay for the siege," she cheerfully messaged out to her mother in Paris, Countess de Galard Terraube. The first French Union wounded released last weekend told how throughout weeks of bombardment and attack, she comforted the wounded and bolstered the fighters' courage. good town." Both firms have had extensive experience with such elections and said they were sur prised the issue was voted the firsi time presented. No Suit Seen Farris Simon, who has strongly pushed his own version of a new sewer system, said this morning he's ready to abide by the decision of yesterday's election. It had been rumored Mr. Simon might seek court action in an attempt to get his plan before the people in lieu of yesterday's measure sponsored by Mayor E. R. Jackson's administration. The fact that bonds can't be offered until late June give more time to organize the two improvement districts which City Council has made a condition on the sale of bonds. City Council adopted a resolution making organization of the two improvement districts mandatory. Workers have been active in the northern district and expect to have the necessary signatures on petitions sometime this week or next. Vote to Help Sale However, activity has been slight thus far in the southern district The election probably will result hi more action in this area. Persons living in either sector may sign petitions which are now in the City Clerk's office. Wommeldorf and Lindsey spokesmen this morning said the decisive election results will help "tremendously" in the sale of the bond issue in getting a lower interest rate and quicker sale. Wommeldorf and Lindsey are preparing the bond sale for the city for a flat fee. The firm, by agreement, will not bid on the bonds to be issued. Traffic Mishap Reported Bill Hodge and Erby Shelton were involved in a traffic accident at First and Cherry streets this morning causing some damage to both vehicles, according to police reports. M'Carthy Probe Must Go on—Ike WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower today called for continuance of the McCarthy-Army hearings. He said he was astonished his secrecy order regarding a government conference was being used as a reason or excuse for their suspension. Showdown Is Near on Price Props House Agri Committee To Act Soon WASHINGTON (AP) — The House Agriculture Committee was nearing a showdown today on the controversial issue of future farm price support legislation. As the committee settled down for a long bill-drafting effort behind closed doors, Chairman Hope (R-Kos) said a decision must be made quickly on the broad question of rigid vs. flexible price supports. "We've got to decide this question of price supports first," he should fall into place. "Once we settle the question of the kind of supports we want, and what to do about surplus disposal, there won't be too much trouble writing A bill." The committee has fixed a target date of June 1 for completing a bill. The present farm law, which expires at the end of this year, provides government support of six basic crops at 90 per cent of parity. Compromise Seen President "Eisenhower and Secretary of Agriculture Benson have urged that this be replaced by a system of flexible supports ranging from 75 to 90 per cent of parity. They argue that higher supports would encourage production hi imes of scarcity and lower props would discourage production in ;irnes of surplus. Opponents contend that the shift, even if cush- oned as the administration recommended, would result in a drop in arm income and possibly lead to a general depression. Rep. Belcher (R-Okla), a House committee member, predicted a compromise. "I don't think it will be possible o get a bill at either extreme," he said in a separate interview. 'But what that compromise will be, I don't k,now." One proposal advanced, would continue rigid supports at* 90 per cent of parity through 1956, and The President told" his news conference he has no intention what- soevef of withdrawing the order but that Secretary of the Army Steveas will make a statement disassociating the Army's charges against Sen. McCarthy and his aides from., higher levels of the administration. Eisenhower said his secrecy order—barring testimony about a Jan. 21 conference of White House aides and others on the McCarthy- Army dispute—was drafted some time ago and that its over-all purpose was to try to preserve orderly government. But beyond that, he said, he had hoped it might keep the McCarthy- Army hearings from wandering off into a side issue. Eisenhower said he regarded the Jan. 21 meeting as a long side trip, with no possible bearing on the real issues, so far as the Senate probe of the McCarthy-Ai'my fight is concerned. Eisenhower repeated what he Stevens Says Army's Actions Are Its Own WASHINGTON W) — Secretary Stevens said_,.today the .Army's decisions and acts in its controversy with Sen. McCarthy were those of the Army alone. In a statement, Stevens hit at the suggestion raised at Senate hearings on the row that "higher ups" in the Eisenhower administration took over direction of the Army's actions. has said before—that he would like to have the inquiry wind up as soon as possible so it will no longer distract the nation's atten- per cent level is reached. Sees Little Difference Belcher said that as between igid and flexible supports, "in my pinion there won't be much dif- erence in parity levels between ither system for two or three ears after a law is enacted." '"If we give the government ime to get rid of the surpluses ;anging over the market, it is robable that market price will e equal to or above 90 per cent f parity, anyway," he said. Hope said settlement of the sur- lus disposal question was no less mportant than deciding about See PARITY on page 1 Ike Abhors Idea of Red Dictatorship in Central America WASHINGTON (ff) — President Eisenhower, commenting on ship- Guatemala, said today it would be terrible thing if a Communist dictatorship were established on this continent. Eisenhower made the statement it a news conference in which he was questioned with relation to the State Department announcement Monday night that quantities of arms, have been shipped to that Central America country from the >ort of Stettin in Communist Po- and. Eisenhower called that disturb- ng, and added that the situation ighlighted the reasons why an ntl-Communist resolution recently T" "-'-itc'' at the Inter-American Ciiic.,,:icc n Caracas. ..(See related story on Mf* *•> On other subjects the President had this to say. SEGREGATION—In a response to a question, the President said he has not the slightest advice for the South on how to carry out the Supreme Court decision holding that segregation of whites and Negroes in public schools is unconstitutional. The President added, however, that he has sworn to uphold the Constitution and that he intends to do just that. On Political Aspect Asked whether the court decision may have placed his administration on ft political hotspot because the ruling was handed down during the regime of the Republicans, the Present • '"Ot back that the Supreme Court is not under any Administration. The President also was a'sked whether the court ruling might alienate some of his personal political supporters in the South. His reply was that he has stood always for honest, decent government and always will. So far as political support is concerned, he added that the voters will have to make their own decisions on that. TVA CHAIRMAN — Eisenhower said his choice of a chairman for the Tennessee Valley Authority board of directors will be announced just as soon as he finds a man who is completely nonpolitical, professionally qualified, philosophy of government and whose integrity is beyond reproach. That Mtnftik WM prompted tor a question as to when he plans either to reappoint Gordon R. Clapp to a new term as TVA chairman, or select someone else. Clapp's term as chairman expired yesterday. SOUTHEAST ASIA — Eisenhower said it might be possible to form a united front against communism in Southeast Asia without the participation of Britain. Asked whether the United States would act without Britain, he replied that it depended on the attitude of the proper Asiatic nations and Australia and New Zealand. ATOMIC ENERGY POOL — He was asked about reports that there had b«en a breakdown in negotiations with Russia on creation of an | atomic pool for peaceful purposes as he proposed last Dec. t. The tout! «a VM* f Ing problems. Should End Conclusively But he said the hearings should not end unless they end conclusively, with the principals given a chance to tell their story and to give the public the full facts. Eisenhower declared he does not think all the facts have been brought out in the inquiry. And, while disclaiming any intention of telling the Senate how to run an Investigation, he said: Let's get the facts out and let the chips fall where they may. A reporter asked whether it would be correct to say the White House okayed the report in which the Army made its charges of pressure against the McCarthy camp. It would not, the President replied crisply. Eisenhower said Atty. Gen. Brownell and other administration officials met with Army Counselor John Adams Jan. 21 because Adams sought and needed their advice on a matter which had arisen in connection with the McCarthy investigation of alleged Communist infiltration in the Army. • > This was McCarthy's demand for production of Pentagon loyalty security board members for questioning. Discussed Pressures Adams has said he also discussed at this meeting what he terms pressures from McCarthy and his aides for preferential Army treatment of Pvt. G. David Schine, drafted former consultant to the McCarthy subcommittee. And he said as a result of the meeting he called on Republican members of the subcommittee, other than McCarthy, and urged them to halt the issuance of sub- See MCCARTHY on page 7 Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy thi* afternoon, tonight and Thursday; MISSOURI — Generally fair tonight and Thursday; little cooler most of state tonight; warmer Thursday; low tonight 408 northeast to around 50 southwest; high Thursday in 70s. Maximum yesterday—ao. Minimum this morning—56, Sunset today—«:W. Sunrise tomprrow-^4^4. Mean temperature .midway twtw«ea high and low—«8. Precipitation la* M houn to 1M a.m. today—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to 4»t*—10.M. thlf Date Last TMT Maximum yesterday—-75. Minimum this morning—*2. Precipitation JMUMf 1 *•

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