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The Oregon Daily Journal from Portland, Oregon • Page 4

The Oregon Daily Journal from Portland, Oregon • Page 4

Portland, Oregon
Issue Date:
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

A TT I JUL 1. J. AJ FARM AND TOWN ii COMMENT AND NEWS IN BRIEF COMMENT OP THE STATE PRESS The Oregon Country bortavst Happenings in Fruf fam foe th Uuty Sar. rights will be ful: respected. They are the ohly ciass that can alford to go on strike without fear of starvation.

There will be better organisation In time among them, Aurora Observer Our exchange table reveals the (act that many preachers in Oregon turn from the pulpit to the press. Many of our editors were former ministers.) You get rich just as quick la the editor's chair as the preacher's. took 'em over there's Upton Gibbs, now talking to more people through his Eastern Clackamas "News there's St. Clair, who is making a success of the Gresham Outlook Editor Bond, from a Hardshell Baptist to editor of Canby Herald, and several more without counting lngalls of the- CorvalUs Gasette-Timea, who rivals Billy -r Blue Mountain Eagle We hear tobch complaint about the prohibition law. Claims are made that the best people are against it and that today ths people would vote to repeal It.

This may or may not be true, but the record and the "vote show that many people talk One way and vote la the recent primary election In Portland a wet for congress received 2214 votes out of a total of 42,439. This would indicate that there must be; a certain class of people who talk way and then vote in another way. SMALL CHANGS Bandits' r6b etore and wait on The store robbery is ths novelty in that story. Wonder if little boys are as keen for- th taste of green' apples as they used to be in other happy years. 5 j- One of Our friends pauses amid ths mad rush to remark that sometimes the melting pot turn i 'era out entirely too hard-boiled.

a Jack Pickford's mother says he's no Slacker; That's just like a mother, but we-Agree with her just the same, so far as his matlmonial service Is concerned. head of a big locomotive plant vmlng to Portland. Maybe he will ten us what makes 'em jerk tbe train just when we get. nicely asleep In one the rear cars. --'Washing dishes makes the hands red, says a well-advised housewife.

Maybe some of the male gender, despite Volstead, have been trying to wash the dishes with their noses. In spite of the fact that we're getting a maximum of Joy out of this wonderful summer season, we can see ahead to the day when we'll have to file the straw hat away for the winter. Germany will get report has it Whatever that is. it will be mild as-compared with what Germany will ge if it doesn't quit patterning Its dyeetuffs after --its army colors that run. TAPPER'S TTEEICLY; ajs Alabama cucumbers, for which, the receives eight-tenths of a ent, retail la come Northern markets at 10 to 15 cents apiece.

Anfi the cucumber growers face ruin. -The same publication Bays that Georgia watermelon gf owera. receive to cents apiece for melon whlcb cost the NeT'Tork consumer 70 eents to $1.50 apiece. -And the 'watermelon growers face rain. -x.

But this differential of 1160. per cent or more in the jirice of cucumbers and of some 6009 per cent in the trice of fratermelons doesn't depict, a' Condition to- the north and south of the Atlantic coast. 4 i The principals of ths following- Incident' ate a shoe ealesman in PorUand and a farmer riear HUbbard in the Willamette valley 4 TheS' kre' cousins, 1 The farmer 'needed a pair of shoes. The shoe'v salesman produced a pair of shoes, which -he. said were the beet value for th money Jn America today 8.40 a pair.

The arguments for them were a reduction in price from $10, 'rood workmanship and bonest-to-goodness calfskin. I' i At the mention of calfskin the farmer turned red-headed, as the saying iroes. "On my way to town I sold as pretty calf skin to my dealer as you erer saw in your life," he said. "I got 45 cents for it. I 'nearly had to beg the dealer to take it 6ff my hands at that price.

I'd like to know what happens to my calfskin after 1 sell it that makes it so extremely valuable as shoes. The shoe salesman said: A aifskln will furnish the leather for four patrs of the very finest shoes. Fbr shoes of poorer Quality it will furnish the leather for Six or seven -pairs and some skins as many nine, Tour calfskin contained the leather for $45 worth of shoes, and you ret 45 cents Vor it. But it isn't the fault of the retail shoe dealers. Our profit margins are being1 trimmed pretty close.

It Isn't the fault of the manufacturer. He is doing no But there is a big combination that controls tTTe hide market that forces the prices down to almost nothing when the farmer sells and up- to the highest figure when the dealer buys. Until that combination is broken you'll continue i to beg for a market for your calfskins. Cooperative marketing by producers is winning for them a larger share of the value of their iruits, their grain, their milk and their poultry. Isn't It time for cooperative marketing of calfskins And since the town man thrives best when the farmer has a decent buying power," isn't it time for the town man to help the; farmer get a market that is on the level MORE OR PERSONAL Random Observations; About Town vy frz mm ri ti, y.

a TvrrrEXDExT kewspaptti a S. JACKSON i 4 ji.sai. f1UlT IB raim. be confident, be cheerful Q1 do I unto- other yo weakl bar than do lubii.lei every orakdi; and Sunday morning at The Journal bnikiinc. Broadway at yam- street, Portland.

Oregon. Entered at tfce po toffies at FortUnd. Oregon, tranMUMUoB through the msiig a second flan matter. NATIONAL aDVESTLSING REPREaENTA-s -TIVE Benjamin Kentaor rn-I kk bonding, 25 Fifth srenue. New Xork; I Imilding.

Chicago. PACIFIC COAST BEPUESESTATIVE M. llttrgeo'ion Ine, Eaaauner buiMing. San Francisco: Title hnrance boiklina. Lo Angeles Becorrttee building.

Seattle. 1" IHS OREGOX JOCRSAl. reaereee the right ta reject edrertlaing eopy- which it deems objecUoaabia. It aiso will not print any cotiy that in any war simulates reading mat- tot or -mat cannoa, awuna aolTerriaina. SUBSCRIPTION KATES By Carrier City and Country V.

UAU.I A.U (Willi, Ona .8 .15 DAILY On, waek .10 One month 8 .83 eLiJiUAX Oh week .05 DHinth Bl' ilAIU BATES PAYABLE IN ADVANCE nin.r ivn nniT On "year SS.OtHThre- months. Six month 4.25 DAILT (With oat Sunday Orayr a. $8.0 Six soonths 25 Threa mootia. 1.75 On month .60 WEEKLY i Ob onth .75 SUNDAY (Only) Ona SS.00 Sl l.TS Tare 1.90 WrBKf.T AX0 bUNDAT (Ewry Wedneaday) fhil year (1.00On 13.50 Tneaa rate apply only tn tn Weat. Rates to KtMfrn paints fnrniahed oa awrili-ratmn.

Uak remittance by Money Order, kxprea Order or Dft If jour poatoffira la not a atnner-o trier wtfio. 1 or 2-ent ttamp will, be accepted. Make all remittances payable to The Journal Vo Wishing Company. Portland. -Oregon.

TELEPHONE MAIN 71 1. AU depart- merits rearhed by this number. It eery nneommoa thing in th world to meet with men of probity; there likewteo a treat many men of honor -to found. Men of. courage, men of.

mw and of lettera. are fraqnent; hot tma, ftna gentleman is what seldom ee. He i properJ a aomponnd of the arktts gaoti qualiUe thai emebiliOi man- kind Sir Kichard Steel. AN AVOIDABLE WASTEi f. rpHERE are more than million men 6n strike in 'the United Etatta today, If.those men.

produced at the rate of $3 a day, eon siderably more1 thaa $5,000,000 In body responsible" to the state and another responsible, to -the city. State, law permits merger of the port and dock com missions, the former to swallow tbe flatter. City ordinance authorizes the loss of identity bythe dock commission, when the latter consents. But the latter' isn't: going to consent. Its action last Thursday makes the position of, that body -clear In very timely fashion.

The dock commission is to be praised fop the performance -of duty. the merger was coun Air anybody has to do these days to get himself cured of the pessimistic thought that" Oregon Is not ai tourist state is to go to one of the downtown hotels and take a look at the register or. better still, line up la front of the desk and register along with the line usually in front of the receiving station ef each main hostelry. Three large caravans of Specially conducted scenery hunters Invaded the Multndmah yesterday. One, brought out from Columbus, Ohio? by the T.

T. Smith company, was composed of 40 travelers recruited in the territory adjacent to that point. Another company, of 25, came from Cincinnati under the chape fori ags of th Cosmopolltarr company, while, the Raymond Whltcomb company of Boston brought a score -or- more of far easterners, from that seat of learning and culture. All of them beat it first for the Columbia highway as soon as they bad bad breakfast, and today are Cruising around the City and vicinity' looking at the varied points of Interest. And, besides these herded groups, the registers of the Multnomait Benson, Portland, Imperial and Oregon are all cluttered up; with people stopping off to see from all points of the compass, until the mere garden variety of junketing Oregonlans add other denizens of the Great Northwest are lost in the shuffle.

Mr. and Mrs. Fred Reynolds Of Lake-view are visiting friends fn th city for few registered at the Imperial. Mr. Reynolds is vice president of the Flrtt National bank of v- -J ctfii a a A.

Wltherspoon, a prominent lawyer of Spokane, and B. is Winters, also' a well known cltiten of that Inland Empire metropolis. -are registered at the While Visiting: in tfte city for a.few days." i' JdE and Mra Ll Petit, accompanied' by Mr- and Mrs.1 H. B. of Cbehalis, Wash.rare Mult-nomah guests for a sho.rt visit laPort- lanc.

John Williams, law. partner of L. Is in Portland on legal busi ness for a short time, Btaying at -the Imperial. J.iMaIleyiof- McMinnville Is transacting business in the city, making tits' headquarters at. the Perkins While hres; J.

S. Beckwlth, accompanied by her son, is down from -Pendleton for a brief stay In Portland, registered at the Imperial. -v- 'fti'l OREaOX The' Port Or ford com mercial cl ub has Juist been reorganised with an ini- tial membership of 60. The Chautauqua- recently' held at Ben elosed with a loss of S0O. and 26 business men have --agreed to make up the -Albany's Fourth 'of July celebration was not a financial success, a deficit of being reported by the committee in charge.

The enrollment for'the 1923 summer--Session of the Monmouth Normal school has reached 720, and only about 40 ef this number are men. The potato crop of the famous Powell-Butte section of Crook county prom- -ises to be better than usual this year. There is plenty of water for irrigation. The Oregon Fruit Growers' association has shipped from Canby two carloads of loganberries to the Woodbur cannery and eight tons of th free fruit to Portland. A big street and sidewalk paving program is under way at Klamath -Falls and the city has Increased the wages of laborers from $3.50 to $4 a day.

and help is scarce at that price. A verdict of manslaughter has been returned against Walter Lewis, negro, -who shot and killed George Nichols, his white landlord. May 1, after 'a fuarrel at the Lewis home in Klamath alls. The body of an unidentified man taken from the Columbia river near The Dalles June 30 may be that of Dennis McClung, a Spokane attorney, who has. been missing for mora than a month.

-i- Malheur county, in the vicinity of Nyssa, Ontario and Yale, this year wilt produce -a' potato, crop- that wul return to the growers more than half a million dollars, according to present conditions and prices. The Centtrry drive; a loop road through the Deschutes national forest, passing Big and Little Lava lakes. Elk lake. Devils lake. Sparks lake and Todd lake, is now free from snow and easily negotiated by WASHINGTON The first Issue of the Central! a Tribune has Just made its appearance, T.

J. Cullen, former owner of the Snohomish Tribune, is the editor and publisher. The Washington Berry "Growers association has shipped from the Puy-allup valley to date carloads of straw-berries and raspberries and 20 carloads of lettuce. Dr. O.

N. Sullivan, oculist of Raymond and South Bend, died In an automobile Monday While riding with a party of friends. It is thought he was attacked with heart, disease. y- Fifty ears, of cherries were shipped out of th Yakima valley- the past week. This does not Include less than car lot shipments, which will probably amount to 10 more cara The public Market and Department Stores company wants a franchise to sell natural gas In Seattle, claiming to have a field in Benton county that will produce 10,000,000 cubic feet a day.

The cry for berry pickers In the Puyallup valley Is insistent, and hi-duoemeuts of Su cents a crate for picking, plus living quarters, vegetables and fuel, are being offered by many growers. v- County and city officials of Seattle who were indicted by the recent grand jury, claim the charges are baseless and will be disproved aa. soon as they have opportunity to present their side of thexcase. Colonel Charles R. Forbes, national flirectorfor the United States Veterans' Bureau, was at Camp Lewis Monday to select the site for the new $2,000,000 government hospital, and to complete details for its construction.

Engineers working for "the state highway department are establishing camp a few miles from Raymond to use, as a in. surveying the route for a road over' the hills separAting Grays Harbor and. WUlapa -Harbor, t' Edward land Frank Cushxnan. sons of -federal Judge E. E.

Cushman, thought to-have drowned while making a trip by. launch from Seattle to Olym-pia, have reached Olympia, having been delayed by tides and engine trouble, 90m IsaaSJBBW IDAHO Title to 17,278.90 acres of publio rand In the state of Idaho was received Wednesday at the office of Governor Davis. i Kicked by a race horse, Lawrence Harris, a New Plymouth youth, lies' in a Boise hospital with a fractured skul: and no hopes' held qut for his recovery, When the brakes' on his 'wagonload of lumber gave way on hill near Homer Id a hi suffered four broken riba. a broken leg and internal injuries. Search for tMyrqn faster, well known young woman' of Boise, who disappeared from her home several days ago, has been unavailing, and friends fear eh haa committed suicida After borrowing a revolver, saying he was going to kill a dog, S.

A. Sailor, farmer residing near Nam pa. was OUlld Oaarl hv a riaainv n.whkA. ftlng In a chair at his home. He had snot xi un sell.

JSi5tl Vi" rf Boise "this week the Idaho-Oregon-Nevada- Cutoff Highway association, which eonstrncttotv of a Joint highway from Boise to; Nev, by way of the states of Idaho, Oregon and Nevada. brtdgeman. was cut and. bruised beyond recognition and five other members of a bridge crew siufered serious injuries when a puiih car on which they were riding- Jumped the track at the end of a bridge 20 miles east of Lewiston. Twenty Years Ago' From Tho Journal of July 15, 1908 Chehalls.

The body of David Merrill, who escaped with Harry Tracy from ths Oregon penitentiary, June 9, was found near here yesterday. He ass shot and killed b'y Tracy to facilitate-Tracy's escape. -s -v1 G. Steel is organizing a party to leave Portland, August 6, for Crater lake. The recent dedication of this section as a national park lends more than ordinary Interest to the expedition.

6wlng to the death of two horses and EiDELiGirrs, Another college has just given Thomas A. Edison the. degree of doctor of science. Why doesn't some enterprising college dub him a doctor of interrogation? Albany Democrat. That new outbreak of Mexican bandits in Tarn pico is pretty bad.

And reading about it, we sort of wonder what the- Mexicans think about our labor troubles in soutaero Illinois? La Grand Observer. The Oreeonlan has started on a man hunt for the prettiest girl in Portland to represent the Rose City at the Atlantic City pageant. If Portland wants to be sure- of -making the other state beauties look like scarecrows, it should send- a Corvallis girl to Xfaa, pageaaU Corvaills Gaseue-Tlmea, The proposed tariff of $0 cents a bushel on wheat Will Rot help the Northwest farmer any, because the, price of wheat is regulated by the export demand, but Chicago may find the tariff very convenient after the wheat baa left the hands of the producer. Pendleton East Ore-goniaa, It is a fine, tribute to the refined taste of the ladies on the committee and to enterprise of the local librarian that Gresham won the first place in display of roses at the rose exhibit In connection with the Rose Festival. It brings a measure of glory and prominence to the locality that makes us ail feel glad.

This accomplishment Should inspire our confidence to undertake other things equally worthy. Gresham -Outlook, s. Governor Oloott, after having bad a SOOO-year-old redwood named after him in Northern California the other day, arid being initiated into the Mystic Order of Cave Men in the subterranean council chamber of the marble balls of Josephine county: a day or so later, slipped Into th city late Thursday night, put up at the Multnomah, which Also houses, the Hall headquarters, and spent the greater part of Friday in conference with his attorneys and political, advisers. He is headed for Cannon Beach, via the executive to inhale the salt sea brasses and visit his family, summering there, 'f- William Felck, assistant cashier Of the irvrng National bank of New York, is registered at the Multnomah, being one of the first arrivals of the concourse of bankers from all over the country who are gathering here to attend the national meeting ef the Amer ican Institute of Banking. He is spend ing the time between now and the opening of the convention going over the highway and seeing the th ings Portland has to show him generally.

Dr. and Mrs. E. Hanson of Wallace, accompanied by Mr. and Mrs.

Irving AndersonNf the same City, are Portland visitors, registered at the Multnomah, Dr. Hanson Is the owner of large hospital at Wallace. The party motored to Portland as part of a general tour of Northwest points of interest, IL: Scott of Ran Francisco, son of the president of the St- Francis Hotel company. Is tn the city for a few days, visiting friends here and taking; side trips to the highway and other scenic points' in the vicinity. He is at the si t.

5 II. D. Norton, one of the pioneer at torneys of Grants Pass and a former representative of Josephine county- la the state senate, 4s a Portland visitor, registered at the Imperial, -v 'W v-m -Uh and Mrs. Crew of Med-ford are vieitlng frlanda and tr ana-acting business in the putting up at the Imperial while here. ft a Mr.

and Mrs. P. Swan, of Eugene ere at the Benson while spending a few days in Portland on business and pleasure. r- y-G. II.

Pratt, a known citizen of La Grande, is registered at th Perkins while in Portland on a business-visit, A. Beck of Baker is visiting in the city for a few days, registered at the Perkins. Lockley tlce shall issue his order to any officer competent to execute process, directing said officer, to give 10 days' public notice, by at least four written or prtnted advertisements, fefiviag notice that he will publicly hire out such free negro or mulatto to the lowest bidder. oa a nay and at a plae therein specified. On the -day and at the place mentioned in aad 'notice- such of fleer Shall expose such free negro or mulatto to public hiring, and the person who will obligate himself to remove-such free negro or mulatto from the country for the shortest term of service, shall enter into bond with good and sufficient security to Oregon, to a penalty of at least $1000, binding- himself to remove said negro or mulatto out of the country within six months after such' term of -service shall expire." On December 24, 1844.

the following act was passed authorizing the expenditure of $1500 for the erection of a jail. The act reads as follows: "Be It enacted by the legislative, committee of Oregon, that the: executive power shall appoint an administrator to close up and collect the debts due the estate of Swing Young, deceased and such administrator shall -proceed as soon as -possible' to wind up the business or Said "Section 2. That the executive power shall cause to be let out to the lowest bidder the building of a substantial log jail at Oregon City, to be finished in such time and manner as they may think proper! and shall take such bond and security as may be sufficient to secure its completion. "Section S. That said administrator shall pay all moneys, collected by him belonging; to the estate of said Young, deceased, to the treasurer of Oregon, whose duty it shall be to give the said administrator a receipt for the same.

t- "Section 4. That the sura of $1500 be and the same ia hereby appropriated for the building of said jail, to be paid out of ths first moneys received from said administrator of said estate, and in the event there be not so much then the balance to foe paid out -of any money In tbe treasury not otherwise appropriated. "Section B. That the faith of this government Is hereby pledged for the payment of all moneys hereafter, re ceived from the administrator- of the estate of said Young, whenever the Same shall be lawfully claimed, and said claim established by the heirs or creditors of said Young. rseeaion -A.

That the executive power shall be authorized to receive a lot donated Or John McLoughl in for the purpose of -erecting said JaU, which lot shall be conveyed to Oregon agreeably to a communication of said John McLoughlin addressed to a committee of this house appointed to wait upon "Sect ion 7. That said jail shall be used alike for the Imprisonment of all criminals in Oregon. "Passed December 24, 1844. "5L M. McCARVER, Speaker Menace of "the Campfira and the Cigarette in Direfully Dry Season Concerning Hyman H.

Cohen's Crop Forecast a A a r's News Duty Kansas Bananas The Farm-: -i er's Just Rights Oregon's Preacher Editors Wet Talkers WhoVote Dry. Astoria Budget: The presence -in Clatsop county as well as in many other Nerthwest counties of forest fires which are doing Irreparable damage to our virgin stands of timber testifies toi the carelessness and lack of precaution on the part ef thoughtless people. Thousands of city dwellers seek the mountains during the -summer months for recreation, and no one wants-to deny them the privileges of an Outing In the great natural tree-landa' To merit those privileges, However, there are obligations on the part of everyone enjoying them to conduct themselves so that no property damage shall be occasioned by reason of their outingr. and not tho least ef these obligations is to see that na fires are started In the underbrush or timber through failure to control campfirea, Only last week a logging operator ofMhe Saddle mountain district told of encountering a young man who had made camp on a stream near a stand of merchantable timber and who had made bis fire against a. stump with the result that the stump had.

taken fire. Upon being cautioned, he returned aa impertinent reply. That fire could very easily have spread to the timber nearby and have caused destruction amounting to. thousands of dollars. A cigarette stub carelessly tossed In the dry duff which is the forest floor has been the origin of more than a few devastating fires, in the dry waather such as have been having, the sap is 'drawn from the boles of the trees and forms in little pitch beads almost as inflammable as gasoline.

fire once started is difficult to check. A little prevention la-worth an armyvf fire wardens, capable and vigilant as these men are, The, fire which bums ja sawmill Is disastrous enough but the property' which it destroys caiberestored by man and money within a comparatively short time; The fire that burns a forest takes a toll that, is irreplaceable. Great trees are the product of years and years, and neither man nor money can replace the asset which perishes in the flames that sweep- through a tand of timber. Let campers and others who enjoy the mountains school themselves In the simple rules the observance of which Is the beet safeguard of a great natural Eugene Guard One of the most serious -dangers confronting Oregon this year is-the menace Of forest fires. Damage already done to mill plants and timber aggregates many hundreds of thousands, and the summer has but fairly begun.

For the next to days it will he necessary, therefore, to rigidly enforce all laws and regulations regarding fires and make as effective as possible the State- and- government patrol systems, crippled this year by lack Of airplanes. A forest fire once under: good headway Is difficult" to fight, requiring the greatest possible exertion and frequently, exposing the fighters to grave danger. a Dalles Chronicle July 7) Ob. serving people of Wasco county are always interested in what Hyman H. Cohen, commercial editor of The Oregon Journal, has to say about; business and agricultural prospects when' he comert through each-summer' about harvest Ume to site up the crop i Cohen says what he thinks.

Sometimes he is wrong. Usually he is right. His estimates on the volume of the harvest almost Invariably are closer than those issued by experts of the department of agriculture. Cohen is now making his survey of conditions In Wasco county. He was in The Dalles last Sunday ahd-MoAday.

Iris report on Wasco eounty was published la The Journal today. Most ranchers will probably disagree with Mm in his prognostication that Wasco couraty will produce practically a normal crop of wheat. Twenty per cent less than 1921 iai his estimate, but that figure seems large when one considers that weather conditions for such a crop have been consistently unfavorable. The planting season last fall was Very dry. Moisturo.

conditions during the winter and early spring were good, but" these were offset by the long, cold and the persistent hot. winds for tile last six weeks have done, much damage. A crop equal to 75 per cent of last year's yield will be very high, experienced grainmen here and they say it is remarkable that the fields are showing more Utah 60 per Cent. Itoseburg News Review: Just as a matter of Information to the of the News-Review It might be well to state that when alleged violations of the law occur and no legal complaint is filed, a newspaper cannot take up such matters from a standpoint. It is not the calling of a newspaper to initiate violations of the law into the courts, issue complaints and supply the evidence upon which to gain a conviction.

This is a matter that rests solely with the officers. It is their sworn duty to uphold the law, thus making any: violation thereof a matter of public record. When this is fione a newspaper is privileged to handle the case from a news standpoint with the records of the court as a foundation for the publication of such hews. For a newspaper to do otherwise would call for Invoking a libel Suit, the laws in this respect being tightly drawn to protect the public from malicious or Slanderous Utterances, i-' -I Coqnille Valley Sentinel "A big Brazilian cocoanut palm- in the New 3fork botanical garden grew so fast that several times it poked its bead through the top of a conservatory, SO feet high. To prevent further damages the tree was cut down." i i This reminds us of the time we had a banana plant in our Kansas printing office.

It grew so fast that it crowded tho ceiling, so we cut a hole in the floor and dropped the tub in which it was growing to the ground a few feet below. The thermometer sometimes went below xero there, but natural gas burning day and night all the winter through enabled us to -turn the trick and eat bananas of our own raising. Woodbern Independent: There are some people who think farmers should have no other prerogative than to pay taxes. ir: The day is past when a common man or a farmer should be a mere serf. We have heard remarks to the effect that farmers should not complain of high taxes when they purchase automobiles and pay so much for their upkeep.

Who have a better right to "possess automobiles than farmers? Pos sibty it has never occurred to some that they would be' la a pretty- pickle If farmers refused to aecept currency at face value or placed their own value on the purchasing power of currency. Yi- -day is comirijj when the farmers' wealth is wasted every 24 hours by amlly have with whIch to buy their idleness. shoes, clothing and food? What Strikes, "lockout rhH bother In-. would they have with which, to pay dustrlaj cost the peo- for a funeral, or a hOepiUl bill, or pie of this -cduntty miHions Upon a doctor's bill. 7 millioris.of dollars yery year.

In At the present cost of things, the past years Strikes and lock- what extra money Would they- have outs, have reached; the appalling fdr school books, -or i a visit 't now total of 29,.. TheV-Jiot bnty cost ah) then to the movie, or for an tremendous sums through the occasional trip out into the wealth not produced because C-of country? 1 5 idleness, but they-cost In 'damage; of -What Value would families done, in higher prices, and in on such be to the mer-nesa brought' on 'in related in- chant, the butcher, the baker, the dustriea doctor, the dentist or any Other of That waste could be avoided were those who must depend upon the workers and th.V employers a-' buying power of the mass for their fklr in thelf Were own success in business and In life I the employee to demand only what 1,1 a i is reasonable, industrial strife PREVENTION AND CURB would of ten bs avoided Were em-j i 1 1 ployers to afford reasonable wages TT DOESN'T take long for trust wares that bear a fair relation, to be organised once the bulk Letters From the People (Oommnnlcationa sant to The JoarssJ foe IMbUcAUoa in this department ahouid writ-Van an only on side of th paper, should sot exceed 800 words ta langth. and must be aigwad by toe writer, whoa mall address, in full muat auamancany the contnbntlon-1 IMPUTES BIjOOD GUILT All Who Countenance Execution of Criminals Share It, Assented. -Portland, July ia To the Editor of The Journal For some time I have been reading the editorials of both The Journal and the Telegram about the hangings going on in. the state prison.

And in particular of the two who were banged last Friday for the part they played In the scene In which the sheriff of Umatilla county was killed. thank you for the stand you take regarding the error the state of Oregon commits in taking life, if we take the holy writ as our guide. Any law contrary to the teachings of our Lord Jesus Christ is of the devil and so la the law of capital punishment In particular. Jewish law that read. "An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth, was tlone away with when Our Lord said: "it is said of old, an eye for an ey and a tooth for a tooth, but I say unto you, whoso shall smite thee on the right cheek, turn the left also." God himself did not believe in capital punishment, otherwise He would have killed everybody at that -time who helped in crucifying Jesus, but wanted to give them a chance to repent, and surely1 the advocates of capital punishment are not more righteous than the Eternal One.

If they- think they are better, read the Bible and see. Much can be said on this issue, but let it be sufficient to say that all those who are responsible, either directly through court proceedings or indirectly through their vote, wiU be held accountable for every person hanged. kx-y Walter W. Vandam. NEW YORK-FLORENCE HIGHWAY Proposed tr Connect Coast With Coast; the McKensie Region's Charms.

Eugene, July To the Editor of The Journaf--The proposed New York-Florence highway promises to do much for the development Of Uais state. Aa you well know, the two great transconti nental highways, the Yellowstone Trail and the Lincoln both miss Oregon, entirely, the one terminating at Seattle-and the other-, at San Francisco. In order that Oregon may hot be left outi wholly, in planned to -coordinate all local-roads into a system that shaAl tap the Vellowstone. Trail At livlng- stea. and ths.

Lincoln highway at Granger, Wye, hoping to make more accessible Southern Idaho and Central Oregon and thus help develop vtheir-f great natural resources. It would seem natural that all the Northwest should want direct communication with the great Lincoln highway," henoe our New York-Florence Highway association has invited Alt Northwest highway enthusiasts to -join us in developing the Old Trail from the interstate bridges on Snake river to Granger for this connection With the Lincoln high v. While on a trip through Eastern Oregon and Idaho last summer, making an official inspection of.ihis ronte. I found many large tourist cars making the trip between Yellowstone park and Crater Lake park, via pocateUo, Boise, Burns and Bend. AS Soon as present contracts on MclCensie pass are completed (probably tha present season) teurhsts wui be able to drive between Bend and Eugene in six hours, -r I have "been familiar with' the Me-Kenrie, the Santiam and tbe Columbia tor the' past SO year and know that each has Its Individual attractions.

The McKeasie route, in addition, to Its scehlc and tourist attractions, affords the easiest grades And most direct route between the 'Interstate bridges across Snake river and the Willamette valley. I know the rivers from- Alaska, to Meltico; and. lit its class, none can show as many attractions as the-Mc-Kenzle. George Melvtn Miller. ABNORMAL NORMALCY; Vancouver, June 6.

To the Editor of The normalcy Is right. The article from the New York World which you today publish Is a statement of Idiotic standpat politicians took the etandpat victory of 1920 as a vote of confi dence in crookedness and all 'other forms of capitalistic skulduggery In. 19Z0 the Democratic party was killed by Christian Americans because it failed to put the United States Into the war- from its very, beginning, and was buried by foreign votes because it let the United States Into the war even at Its 'very ending. The unholy alliance -of 1920 encouraged and uplifted tho anti-progressives. They tk it as proof that the people ef these United a States were wUling to for- saxe the Lord Jesus Christ and wera readw to bow themselves down worship tbe devil, Results in Pennsyl vania.

Indiana, Iowa and North Da kota prove that the-Philistines reckoned without their host. Progressive, AN INQUIRY AS TO TAXES Waeh July 9. To the Editor of The Journal "Tax all land and exempt all Improvements." Sounds good, but in this case the sound is unsound. How deep can land tax be sunk. Can It aro deener than: the blow? If so, let us tax our river and lake bottoms.

Problem A San Francisco druggist 'owns 40 acres of unimproved absolutely wild) viand in Clarke rounty.WaShlngtOn. On this. taxes are assessed and they are paid. Yet, since fine morning of creation, this land has never yielded one cent's worth of any- form of valuable return. Which is taxed in 3 this case this non-ttn-proved land or the improvements in the city of San- Francisco? Land tax can extend only so, far as improvement reaches.

Improved iar.d must bear the tax burden of All "value Is worked into the land worked in through improvement. The potential and latent values of unimproved land are tweedlcdee and tweaediedum. In a word, nothing other than improvements can be taxed, for the reason that nothing else can pay. Economist of the iilii Ecrool. OBSERVATIONS AND IMPRESSIONS OF THE JOURNAL MAN ers Would 'receive 374.0t per year.

The decision covering the shop craft employes establishes, ah hourly rate of 70.3 cents per hour for machinists and 64.4 cents per hour for car men. These rates mean for the machinists J1753.44 for a full year of employment, including holidays but hot Sundays. For the car men Xhe wage rate established by this award means 11S07. 42 per year or full time, employment, in eluding holidaysbut not gundaya. The public further declares that any attempt, to enforce fhe Wage- scaled of the labor; board "will be contrary to the law as expressly interpreted a the time of its passage.

The statement says: It is perfectly patent that the- wage reductions ordered brins the earnings of LARGE NUMBERS OF BRLOW THR tEVEL OF A MINIMUM GIVING STANDARD It is also however grave the crisia, -that ANY EFFORT TO EN FORCE- AS MANDATORY THE BOARIVS DECISION Will, BE) CON- TRARY TO THE LAW AS EX-i PRESSLY 1 AT THE IT1MB OF ITS PASSAGE, and wiU be by the me a a a breach of faith. IVhat must the standard -of living of the family of a man jwofkihf, as the labor board de- clares he. should, for 35. cents-an 'hour i Wrin living of a family whose breadwin ner earns but cents an hour? HowVnuch money would such business gets Into the hands of few hig corporations. It requires 1 i but a short time for the -companies to be for to stifle competition, and for them to get such power in their field as to en ables them to charge almost any price for their goods.

But it takes a much longer period to unscramble the trusts. The Standard Oil case was fought for years in the courts "before a dlvi sion was Other such cases have almost invariably taken years to complete, knd in the meahtlme the combine has taken a heavy toll from the public even before suit has been Instituted to dissolve it. Trusts and monopolies, however, are easily rventedJ The govern- threatens to stifle, competition and Increase "prices, Prevention is a simple matter, but; cure, after the trust once comes into being, is a very different task. -4 Wouldn't It be the policy of wisdom for the present administration to make a thorough investigation of the numerous' mergers that have recently taken place in big industrial establishments? -There have been mergers of feteet com panies, mergers of packing companies, mergers of tobacco com panies, and mergersfln aluminum companies. And.

-always a new merger seems to follow closely upon the heels of a previous merger. If thej mergers result lb trust It will projre a costly error to the public If "thie government falls to prevent thjsm; And' the government can prevent them, if they should be prevent WU much than it can force them to unscramble once they have been formed and begin, taklrur their tcfll from the rvublie. A TIMELV DECISION THERE will be no merger of the 4or. bodies. The dock, commission has put an end to that un pleasant possibility.

Its i negative vote is decisive. The' position so far reflects "public- sentiment that Portland people will record a sense of relieved a tic 1 nation. Thev will tenanced by people of city and state a great project was under consider--at ion. It was a project that would call for use of a consolidated credit In land ac quirement and future pier building. But conditions have so' far changed that the project as outlined canpot be consummated.

The Port of Portland has' sufficient grant of authority i1 to carry on Its channel work, The dock commission will be bounded in the future by. the limits of -thrifty administration until profitable use of the facilities already provided demonstrates the necessity for As i Doek Commissioner Ira P. Powers has remarked, the two noncompensated commissions. while endowed With clearly separate duties, still possess a sense of healthy rlvalryi la aceomplishment which Is most fortunate for the Thefe is a continuous race in thevlmprovemeht of 'the channel and the Use of terminal facilities by the traffic from, the sea. By refraining from merger the people of Portland will retain possession and control of the public dock system to which they have pledged their credit.

The port commission will continue its jurisdiction over the' channel from Portland to the sea. The. joint traf. tic department of the two bodies Will remain undisturbed in Us et-forts. -attract commerce.

There will no blurring of accountability in any quarter, and no chance to transform Portland's port plant Into a political machine. Charles S. Berg was 51 years. Old yesterday, and if the average Portland citizen had rendered In 102 years the quality and amount of clvio service credited to ilr. Berg, his standing would be unquestioned.

THE PASSING SHOW AT I.OS ANGELES, a 23-year-old wife became Jealous of a 20- year-Old widow, enticed her to- a lonely spot, beat her to death with a hammer, fled back to her Own home In the dead girl's automobile, confessed to her husband, and was aided by him to wash her blood-soaked clothing1. He helpecPher In her flight from thej and. nagged by his con science If hot by his fears of discovery, informed the county sheriff Of What had taken place. The wife was. captured and the public will now be regaled with all the grew-some details of.

the' wretched 'occurrence. I Arvd so the eternal triangle two women and a man or. two men and a woman runs tn its precarious way. Contemporaneously, the df-vorce mill rumbles on, releasing the Pickfords, the McCormlcks and the others from their, multiplied marriages, supplying examples of un-kept and tin respected marriage ties that become mora and more nauseating. -V As the husband In the Los Angeles case tells It there' was nothing between (hlm and the widow to warrant the Wife's passionate jealous.

That is what they all say after-the comer The spotless i virtue of-the man In the triangle ta always conspicuous by Its -voclf-erousness when the time comes for him to tell about it. But spotless as the husbands ever are. the uglyt record runs on and on until the Is, How far Is It going to go and what is the final end to be? What refreshing- things are a real a real wife a real home In the -dizzy turbulence of the passing show! v- i What's become of the U25 exposition? to the profits there1 would be fewer strikes and less waste. But employers are not always On both sides there should always be a realisation of the tremendous-cost' to the parties of the strike or lockouts Tho. millions so wasted can" be replaced only by the sweat and toil of men and the risks that all Invested capital must take.

If the appalling loss and waste suffered by the principals- to. industrial disputes could- once be. visualized, both sides' would be prone to seek settlements' of their differences by conference instead of with. a. club, by consent' and agreement Instead; of by force and might.

Unhappily the, real factors -back Of such strikes as the present railroad strike'' are far" removed, by their great; wealthand' exclusive social; and. business- relations, from the ejeat human mass. BecatSse birth and inheritance their. world is a world far away from -the busy hive' in which a nation real work is actually done and they fail to understand that the laborer is always worthy of his hire. TWENTY-THREE JCENTS AN the wages proposed by the labor board's decision which precipitated the railroad strike are, fdr large I numbers of employes, "below the UtePot a'Hvihg mini, mum standard Is declared in a public statement by the research department of the social service commission of the Federal Council Of the Churches of Christ in This is.r Impartial testimony.

Though some of its may do business in Wall street, any statement by the Federated Council of the Churches of Christ in Amer ica is- not Wall "street propaganda but a fearless and fair finding, by Christian people. "The proposed reductions by the labor board. says the. bureau in its statement, "will establish wages approximately as Maintenance of way employes 23 to By Fred From aa ancient statute book Xoekley anotw much matter of interest regarding tbe beginning a of thinga tr Oregon. Koad baild-ing ma.

an early conatderatlon. There wa a color lint; An escheated taa furruahed lands tor the first JaiL theaa thing ars told to UtU Oid book. -i Recently 1 ran across a paper-bound law book printed "by Asahel Bush, territorial printer lor Oregon, in 1S53, givv ing the laws passed by the legislative committee and the legislative assemffly, IMS to 1849. One of the early laws was an act establishing Tuality academy. George H.

Atkinson. Harry Clark, James Moore, Peter Hatch. Lewis Tbompson, -v WilUam H. vGray, Hiram Clark "and Thornton were declared to be -a body politic incorporated in law to carry on the business of the- academy. -As great deal of attention was paid In those days to the locating and establishing of territorial roads.

One of the early acts of the provisional legislature provided for a road from the town of Portland to the mouth of Mary's river, in Folk county. Other roads provided wrexe: From Oregon City to Cali-pooyah river; from Oxford on the Willamette river In Champoeg county to John McCpy's farm on Muddy creek, In Linn county from Linn City; to Zed Martia's farm on the south fork of the Yamhill river from Multnomah City to the mouth of Mary's river from Oregon City i to tho Island mills; from Willamette falls, to the falls of Yamhill, river. There were also an act to authorize John McLougWin to construct a canal around Willamette fails, and an act -authorizing Thomas McKey --to open a. road across the -Cascades and ths Blue mountains to Fort Boise, on the Snake These are but a few of the acts of the provisional government1 to establish roads and promote commerces Among the other-Interesting acta recorded in-' this old-law book: are the incorporation of the Clackamas Bridge company and an act authorizing the government to take, refit and employ the launch- of the Peacocks There was also an act to prevent the distillation, sale and introduction, of ardent spirits in Oregon. Among the acts passed was one establishing pilotage on the Columbia, river, and one to provids for the taking of the census in 1848 also one that provided for the weighing and assaying of gold and the melting and stamping of the This old law book Is a regular source 'book of history, but -1 will quote only two more acts as recorded in the book.

On December 19. 184. the. following act was passed "Be it enacted by the legislative committee of Oregon as follows: That if any free negro or mulatto shall fail to quit and leave the country, as required by the act of which this is or she may be arrested upon a warrant issued by some justice of the peace, and if guilty upon trial before -such justice had, the said jus-, I lUness of others the fire department is uslner nix riirau Vi rri -ww a. ucf.

fc ment has never had, any extra horses to V-sain cases of emergency. a a Copenhagen. Marconi today successfully transmitted a wireless message to Fodhur Cornwall, from Cape Scla-gen. In Denmark, i a distance of (00 railea i 1- A vigorous administration is promised by Ben BIglln, appointed harbormaster by Mayor WiUiama. Mr.

Big-lln-i has already undertaken to correct the' sailor abuses. Portland was -visited by a severe wind which wrought havoc with awnings and movable objects Ln the streets. Business is so good that the directors of the Portland Woolen Mills at Sell-wood have about decided to considerably enlarge their The annual convention -of the A. O. U.

W. grand lodge is in session today, with 135 lodges represented. Milton A. Miller? state senator-elect, of Lebanon, is visiting his brother in Portland. r-: The first of the Mazamas left Portland yesterday morning on the' expedition to Mount Adams.

-verms ixr nour, aim aa averas ir i likwii Ionic rVirwat-! a i the rroup of 32.7 eents per hour. wls to continued a full year of employment the total local control of ocean terminal fa- Atl-WS and of. present efficiency in ier hour. for full time, the workiPr administration under one port.

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