The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 27, 1892 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 27, 1892
Page 4
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iilacture'of silk-plushes. Owing to the ob- !6tructiveioperation .oJ our new tariff laws, fl&e imn concluded at once to establish a \ taew^plant in the United States, and their jjiew venture at Bridg-eportjilready employs r.sabout seven hundred people, nearly one- :-liai£ American. The products of the nen- mill-have already met with signal • success, -,SO much so that they are enabled to offer : the .American goods at 10 per ,<sent -discount from lest year's prices. :with aiprospect of a further reduction as *faeir new-help get better accustomed to their v -''It is satisfactory to note that the new gopds.are tfully-equal-to .the English make in • jeviCryxespect. in quality as well as diversity ; -of"Color.»'iicb latter varies from the darkest .-Cfxsloth-shades to the -delicate shades: of , : pale pinks, blues and greens." ::::•. i. ani^not -now dealing with theories. I am dealing:with facts, and by the sign of one •such fact we are about to win an easy vic- .~tory over whole reams of essays, whole nl- njaas.cs of -figures, whole inundations of elo- .•quence, whole libraries of popular fiction. :-{Applause on JJepublican side.]': Mr; Bynum—If what you nave said is so, -what good does tlje duty lib? ;.-. ' Jilr, J5olliver—-What pood does the duty do"? . JVihat good does ; a snow Jence do at a ^railroad cut in the summer time? [Laugh- s-Mr. Bynum—Surely the g-entleman can an- s-jr-er thatiquestion a little more definitely -and comprehensively, if there is any answer -,.:.. Mr. Dolliver—I will say that even if:,- an ; article is • . sold at '-a jiriee less than the duty, if there is no rea- •6On in&uch a case for keeping the duty on. tUere is certainly no reason furnished by 4;hat fact for taking- it off. The law must provide not only for legitimate competition, ybut for itbe : unnatural warfare by which .English capital has -more than once 'deliberately and to itsi own .temporary loss »broken up American enterprises. .-.:••. ,-' -Mrv Stout-r-Suppose there are combinations. sDoee jiot your: -high, tariff-ienable them to carry* out their object more successfully?. ':.-•-•-: .-. :.. ,-. •-••- • • - • -- -. :.:.• -- ..-:. r;.Mf. Dolliver—We passed an act in the last congress which, if faithfully enforced ifey fcbeijcourts. will end the conspiracies soominonly called trusts 'and combinations. <»nd leave the --A merican -market place free ifor legitimate business. Already two great Srusts. the alcohol trust and ihe Standard •<3il,Company, have felt the force of the law. itte first >by-the jgrand jury and the other by <the!power of tpublic opinion. If I am; going ^o be robbeci at aU I prefer to be robbed rby ian American trust which is within she: jurisdiction of iour-own laws, rather than by a jfoneigp:trust over; which we have-neither iuri&uiction nor- control. [.Laughter and applause j - , ... -i :;.Jvo»','Mr. Chairman, returning to my argument., what, is true-in the case of rpiush >gx)oils is true iu every.other lineof the com- #Qon:w.ares and merchandise that are used in .the tmited States. It is also trae that iwhile the prices of g-oods have g-one down the(priceBiof labor have prone up io;a steiidy •»dvance which Edward Atkinson, the free of -Boston, says amounts 40,52 percent .since 18GO. notwithstanding our hospitality to :the industrious millions of jfche world. : '.-•:• ;••.! hold tin myhand a clipping-from the Bos- tdn JJeralit February 16 which I cut out the other <lay—an inadvertent editorial admission called out by the exigencies of the si 1- <vec quesiion. tvhich .says that the undenia- 4>l€ tendency of ihe times is "toward -.a -Bteady;,decrease in the-values of the pro- iducJs of .labor ;and a steady advance in the value of labor itself.":.:.-. i -o-Tihatis.tbemost conspicuous fact in our industrial isitas.tation.:and constitute ,th,c miracle si" nonr -National progresSi wiich in (thirtyiyearsihas 1 repaired the;waste of;- >civi] TTOr, Testored.ihe tosses of a- disordered 'Currency*;.-; and.. so. .multiplied : the- -National -SBealtli that- the.luxuries u6f yesterday;oare necessities of- torday,:and t&eisoznforts-of t> -within i easy reach of-a __,_„ people than* ever before enjoyed ; them in the ihislory. sof • the human rsBnt what chance does a great fact lilce thaliStaTul -with any <feiend from Tennessee (Rfcr, -McMHlin) iwbo opened this debate.x>r *vath my.-friend from Indiana, who-cherishes -with apparent affection : a,< newspaper pava- •eiaph-.pEedicting;anteseeptiona. and easily explainablei "Strike ani the iron regions ? -Absolutely none. -Coming 1 into -ibis-house, it is kicked and stripped and beaten and left'for dead, to the apparent 'Satisfaction and glee ^if-=the entire -Democratic -party. Or -wlial chance does a fa-cHike that ^tand vutb mj young fnend from Nebraska vcho the other Ssty-took one of bis voucg- -farmer constit- aents<lown from the -cannibaJ -tree long •enonpb-to nse aim for the purpose of pomt- ijtp^be moral and adojnuig 1 that tale of the '•plundered homestead" -or the adventures •opa-young-mamed couple " You remember S6bat 'he represen'ts a young- man m llie lact'of-selecting- "a yonnp woman who is willing to truRt Tier f uture~to his strong nght erm "<and beginning-to build a home whieb is tbe unit of-society ^Tie picture -represents that be is robbed by^tbe tariff on lumber on paint ou furni tnre.-pn-carpets -on tablecloths * on knives forks taxi disbes on spoons xra evervthinp: <&B.t«Trter&'mto the tsonstruetion and opera- tjon o*-tbat nomc '' Atid to make the pic *nre all t"be more pathetic and absolut^lv hopeless the artist^ivesthe unhappy couple -no sign of defense except tbe Inng: c».pacir\ of Ijbe Democratic partv jelling -at tbe ton of ite voice "Hands off!' [Great laughter 3 ""^Tow. -without stopping to point out that the-actual price of evpry article -that enters tntothe -"construction and,operation of that lbotne r "hasl)een reduced in price bv the Ee im'biutan policy of making them in the vpiteSi-^tates --inateadof buving-them in Bjirope 1 -want to asTi tny friend, or anv -cither snan in tbis house to name to me a -country -in the old -world -where a voung maaj 'without"money can slip his strong nght arm around a girl without means and take be*into a home of their own or give her «ven ifoe prospect of a home which is the nnit^tjf-society? [Applause on the Eepubli can sice ] *Jlhave talked to hundreds of people from Ireland, from Scotland from Denmark from Germany from the mountains of Nor •way ancUSweden and they all tell me that •-*••*—"vworlt T.D the United Stales goes fur anywhere else in the world to I'-pTrtting-a roof over the head of n ~. ,1 ' a cottage, music in the parlbr\ ne*spapers on the stand Citrpets on «ie*njoo£ fllsTies on the table something to «at^ in the Wishes, and tne dix-ine light Ja-nd joy tn the sweet faces of I children __^, j'comeinto my ofSce again and in."4ifeliaiid,and -wife together, speaking ttroken'' English the language of the ^--BSt^countries in Europe, to ask my jintLaSvIce "in mailing a little Amerj- "jrtothe old world for father or r«ister or sweetheart, living in •e*-ihe labor of a lifetime is not r paying daily expenses, to pay upon ian ocean steamer. I \g tears falling- upcta the paper pje out their message of hope and the only country on earth lifeHs lifted above the level Ifu'Ugery for the'poor, i Stood in Castle Garden at the **--} T^public. watching that every kindred tongue _ile. I * have seen young ng there holding in their hands American clothes for a on these shores out of the lories^trliere clothes are the cheap- _r women timidly hid«, L ^taxed, ATDcrioan cloak tbe j*JEjanewhatior a sister who _^jfopm a land where every- inleaplihat nobody can buy any- out of my heart words ttidse who have loved our . .off, and have come hither to (condition and open the pathway vthe'mselves and to their chii- 'will stand as a unit with ,-party to keep the shield of fbefore *he cottages of Arner- ranch interest as some in the that seeks to shut the ft republic in the face of lotfeel that we have been ;'.ourselves to begin to corn- rival of other people. I Sand women who know by ittrdens of other countries the commonwealth as born among us who go igthat American life is not :our pockets are picked, ruses are entered by duly _ iars, and our household} fe&rly-all stolen that it is hardly to interrupt the larceny, say that anarchy is bat the most complete state- i^-popular creed of the anarchist de by John Slobt, the German, but by the son of an American clergyman who tea<Jhes that ''a man is no more-Tespoii sible for his character than--for his height for his conduct'than-for his dreams.' And the only time we lia ve ever seen an .arehy on exhibition in the west was the da" when Knute 3Iattson. a Noriregian sheriff man aged the-hanging of a native Virginian for the murder of Michael Began, an Iris] policemen of Chicago. But if it is though : necessary 'to stop immig-ration. -especially of the degraded and illiterate, there is ai easier way than by legislation. Let the societies interested translate int< the languages -of Europe a few speoimeu Beaocratio -speeches: those masterpiece: of rhetoric which reflect-senlaments' like those which wrung: the heart of the Hebrew poet when he cried -out. "Woe is me, that sojourn in Mesech; that I dwell in the : tents of Kedar." Let them take mv friend" picture of the young married couple aur hang it' up at the rsteaniboat landings o Europe. It will sift-and assort immigration -in the most approved fashion, for it wil frighten away ^the unintelligent niob. -an after such a ivarning only those will g down into the ships who have sense enougl tosee that the gentleman from Nebraska does not know what he is talking about [Laughter on the Bepublican side.) - Mr. Scott^—Why does not protection in Germany, France, and these other countries give them higher wages? ; Mr. Boutelle—Oh. that is a chestnut. Mr. iSco'tt—I ask the gentleman from. Iowa not the gentleman from Maine. ; Mr; Dolliver—If my friend from Illinois thinks tha-t theGerman people or the Frent'h people have not brains enough to talce care of their interests without advice from '' Democratic party of the United States he is welcome to that opinion. Mr. Scott—That does not answer my question. Why does not- protection grire them in their-own countries, the same hi; irages you claim that tt gives thsm here? - Mr. Dolliver—I am talking about our own country. The German people have 1 hat •their protective^system but for a few years our centennial celebration con verted • Bismarck to the logic of - protection, and the wages -of the industrial population -of Germany have gone up steadily year by year .until now they are 25 per cent higher than they were fifteen-y-ears ago. ' What has been the practical effect of the the schedule of wool and woolens in the act of 1S90? Others have discussed its effect in restoring the half-abandoned woolen mill of the Unitedi>ta*es;< Let'me add a word about the effect-of it in secunug the investment of ^outside capital and the bodily transfer to'the United States of elaborate industrial enterprises. I -hold In my hand the New-Y'ork liefotd of AugustM-2 last which contains an Associated i D ress table from Berlin, -which is 'headlined "McKin- leyism in Germany." Plauen. in Saxony, is the center of the great) manufacturing district. Woolen <!ress-goods are tiie main article of exportation. These have fallen from «1.9S6il01.8S in the fiscal year 1SS9-1893 to S1.7i)5.Brd:56 in 1S90-1S91. The main place of mtinufaeture is Greiz. the residence of one of the petty princes cf Gennanyi but a great manufacturing tot\-n. Many of the manufacturei-s in Plauen were inlerviewed: The largest firm is Arnold & Sons, which employs nearly two thousand hands, and manufactures all kinds of woolen'stuffs. Sir. Arnold said that he had foreseen the present trouble and had so managed his affairs that he had other countries to rely upon for his trade. His factories at Greiz were kept busy supplying Russia, Australia, the Balkan countries, etc; •: > "Then you have given up America' 11 "No. ; On the contrary.'I nave established a fa'etory atiPassaic. N. J.i and am -doing well there.- The duty icakes' up for the increased -wages I have to pay there." •-lirefer-tOrtfais- as one of" the hundred triumphs «f • the ; M-cK'inley bill. My friend from ^Nebraska tells as v that' -under the pro- tectave «ystem '-for every dollar brought into the-treasiiry by import duties gi'go iito the pockets- wf ^protected "industries." -He says, '"It is estimated; 1 ' 'Who estamates it ? [t would be better for my friend to observe the marvelous qnethod in which the minority of the'-ways : andmea;ns committee iu the last'hbiise' approaehed ; this subject. 'They predicted an increase'-of 'texes <on wool'arid woolens.-by-reason*of the increased duties of i>15.500lOOO. and "by reason of the -en hanced prices which consumers would pay for the domestic* product of many times" fifteen millions and a half of dollars.' You will observe that those men- did not appear to kno-.v that it iras just four times. If the gentleman from Nebraska had. been there he could hate told them just bo« manv times As it aipnened, haijng de nved tbe entire estinnle froni their linag m.ttion they very pi operlj left lAon of the house I utete tbem to daj on the serfiae nerve, the imperturbable gall, ~ tliat enables tbjstc to repeat these visions of tlie night as tbev clamber over the mountains of adverse facts now even w here Voovmio to tlie whole business community- ' He who goeth abox t ' sa^s quaint o^cl IJooVer in his book on Ecclesiastical Polity, to persuade a multitude that thej are not AS well governed js lliej ougat to be will never lack attentive aud favorable near ers ' "Fiirtunatclv for the good go^ ernmcnt of the world the same neighborhood can be worked but once "\oumake converts for a time bj telling people that Uie\ are about to be roboed, but no form of fanaticism can hold the audience it jou come around after wards and persist in telling tbem they have been Tobbed unless vou can identify some thing thej have lost Taat form of taxa turn w h ch requires the service of trained attornevbto convince the people tliat Uiey are carrj ing a burden is likely to be ac cepted as a f air] \ satisfactory vi av of p-o- viding for the expenses of the government There is another thing about the y-c Kinley bill that I wish to speali of. Yo.u remember th~t j ou told c\ erybody tjiat we had raised the tariff all along the line You knew that no changes except reductions, bad been made in the great sche4"lc that named the articles^ of common use, and that bne article of universal household necessity had been placed on the fiec list vet vou exaggerated all the advances ignored all the reductions, and tried tp Humbug the public about the free admission of sugar. Echofts of that carnival of hearsay, and fabrication are s»till heard in this house for my friend fro-n Tennessee [Mr McMilhu] is so fond of his speech oi Ib03 that he bi ings its cl<ibsic phrases into this debate and des iibes the sugar «e placed on the free list as'an article which vou can ''smell as far as you can see." I never met a Democrat prior to last Ap il who seemed to have the least idea that our action tended to decrease the price of refined sugars. They all said that the poor man would go on eating his cane molasses, and the rich man his loaf sugar as usual. [Laughter.] They were literally April fooled into taking 25 pounds of sugar for a dollar. [Laughter,] Mr, Byuum—Will the gentleman yield for a question"? Mr. Dolliver—Certainly. Mr. Bynum—The price of sugar you say has gone down because thetarilf has been removed, while the gentleman claims that the price of other articles goes down because tlie tariff was put oa. Will lie be kind enough to explain thai paradox? 3Ir. Dolliver—Mr. Chairman, it" seems wholly impossible to get even so clear headed a man as my friepd from Indiana to understand that while the removal of a revenue tariff from a thing which we do not and can not produce in a supply equal our wants, the price of which is necessarily made in ; markets outside of our own, relieves the public oi tax, the free admission of goods the like of which we do or can produce in quantities commensurate with our demand, the price ot the domestic article being- fixed "by the condition of our own markets, would..'while holding out to us for a time the promise of cheap merchandise, so speedil-v prostrate our established industries as to leave us at the mercy oi ioreigu. merchants, and so ruinously degrade the level of American life as to cripple the people's ability to buy at whatever price the bargains might be' offered. "The.,ten thousand working, people,.that Horace Greeley saw in one city in the free trade famine of 1855. fighting like wild beasts for a seat in the soup house, had passed the point where they \\ ere interested in prices. Without contending that protection alone has created the American scale of living, it is evident to me that it is necessary to preserve it; and in the old 1 debates, before men learned to quib"ble and dodge and play tricks with aritJjmetic. no effort was made to hide this fact. In reply to the question of Mr. Davis of Massachusetts, Gen. McDuffie, chairman of the committee ou ways and means in 1832, said that he wjauld tell'his friend from. Massachusetts -'what is the natural price of the manufacturing labor of the Northern states, estimated in money. It is precisely the same as .the manufacturing, labor of England and not a cent more." The institution of -slavery which framed every argument that has ever been brought forward in "behalf of' free trade in the United States. had no labor question, and rested upon the doctrine stated in Boston byEoberiToombs, that while free labor was paid in money, the slave "was paid in the products themselves His idea was that board and clothes are the only -stake a "boy has in a day's work, and he concluded that branch of liis argument by' ppinting out that the"American slave Tvas in these respects better oS than free labor in the old world. That was in 1355. The Republican party found the eutire politics of this country controlled by that theory of wages. It" found labor struggling in rags" in Northern cities, and at -the South taking its wages in lashes upon its naked back. It 1 found mo"bs driving John Greenleaf ,Whittier from New England villages and pouring out the blood of Elijah P. Lovejoy upon the soil of Illinois; and feeli^ around in the darkness of those miserable years we got hold of tbe right hand of Abra ham Lincoln, and after four y ars'of blood he lifted this continent out of barbarism and forever sanctified tbe right «f man. [Applause on the Republican side.] • And if my friends on tne other side of the aisle live'until the fanners of Iowa! Illinois Neoraska, Kansas. Minnesota, and'tne Dak,otas. despising tbe counsel pf Abraham Lincoln, are ready to vote tlie manhood -oat of American ,lif; in order to get a beggar's chances in the grain markets of Europe, they will flourish in immortal youth. [Laughter and applause on the Republican side]. ^Butin'making sugar free, the .Republican party looked both before and "after. We found our farm products practically ex- cluded'from Spanish A'mfrica and central "Europe. The very countries whose sugar products we were aboutto-relieve of duties maintained against us a solid war of commercial 'exclusion; some at the dictation of home governments, asCuba: others to provide revnue, as the republics of the south: others." like France and Germany, op fraudulent pretenses to save their markets for their own farmers. The Bet of lb9X without exposing a single domestic interest, by a brief provision, gave •the president a limited discretion to restore the sugar duties, with others heretofore remitted in our dealing with every country that after a specified time refused to'deal fairly by the' American farm.' Under 'that simple'provision, already sustained by our highest court we have concluded treaties opening nearly all of Lathi'America to our merchandise, including breadstuffs and meat at nominal rates of duty in exchange for the free admission of sugar into our marketplace. : Tlie lew-republics yet remaining out of the fold'will be brought in by the monitory words ~of the president's recent proclamation. Und*r these treaties the South American merchant fleet has already increased from three to fourteen ships. My •friend'and your friend, Maj. Conger, our minister at Rio Janeiro, who passed through tbis citjMhe other day, told tne that as he left the harbor at Eio he saw a single ship discharging- 1 3.000 tons of American flour at the capital of Brazil: while the statistics for January shb iv that in that month albue we sold in" Havana€1030 barrels' of flour. which up to the recent treaty wilh Spain was exe uded by a prohibitory tariff. ' To-day every mill packing house and factory in the United States is making •«ady to share the profits of these hitherto ^accessible market places: yet there arc men in this house so bound iu the network >f partisan prejudice that they see only the land of-famine in ourincreasing-comnierce and that famine in n country 1 to which out of our abundance we are sending our flour as a free'gift. Mr. Herbert—Does the gentleman know hat statistics show that for tHe-nlne months * )eg-in7iing- with, tbe treaty and ending on the lst«f December last, |lie csrports «f agri- :ultural products from the United States to 3razil under the treaty were about' $300 030 ess than tbev -were 'for the corresponding nine months of the preceding year?' '' Mr.'Xlolliver—I know that things have een in'a bud wav between revolution and estilence in Brazil (luring the last year mtit seenv» to me that if our flour goes in ree that the chances are good for increas- g in a substantial way our trade with Brazil. Mr: Herbert—Tbe fact that I have stated get from' statistics made by the statiati- cian. Sir/Brock 'Mr. D611iver—I have not those statistics at hand. I have alreadv exp-'ess^d JIM &us ncjon. of figures but I v\ ill look v our ligurcs o\cr au4 if there appears to "be anj thing in iem I wjlj Jeave thorn out of mv speech jiufditer.] T 3Jtc "Herbert—The statistics show tha acts vvjiich I have state$ that for the nine onths ending pn tlie 3jfot day of December ast. fKe exports pf agricultural pioducts iropi tlie United'States to Brazil under the treaty were about $500 000 less than thcv vere for the corresponding months of the the preceding year I think the gentleman ill'cjo -welf to omit the figures from his i eecji TLaughter ] Mr. Dojliver—I "hiue it from Mr W E urtis our most accurate student of South American affaus that— The exports of floor to Brazil during the jgbfc months of the current C-jcal vear ending "FeHruarv 20, were valued at i2 852, 705 while for ihe correspon&ng period of he previous \ ear thej w ere $2 491 9 '0 The increase in February alone was from Sitjo,- 5?1 to §405 4&0 We have returns for eleven months since the.reciprocitj treaty with BraziJ wen); into effect and comparing them with the statis tics of the corresponding period of tlie pro vious vear. we find that our exports in creased from 813 272 WO to Slfi 311 -!70, .v lit- tl • more than a million dollars, and consul ering the circumstances this is a most en oouraginu g.un During the past \earthe republic of Brazil has suffered three poljti cal crises. The reciprocity arrangement wifh Cuba has been in force for six months du-mg w'hieh time our exports have mcrcj,sod from St5,895 037 to §10 15o Obo During the first eight months of the current fisca} v ear, we exported flour to Cuba to, the value of s>939,lo4i while during the corresponding period of the pievjous year the exports were oalv S454..69J The arrangement with Puerto Eico has been in force sii. months also aad our exports have increased from «J.,03.J,7dO to $1,d!0790 During the eight months ending February 29 1893 the exports of flour to Puerto Rico were"5517.304. while during the corresponding period of the previous year they were $433 514.' I live in the corn country, the choice and select acreage o;f the worl^, a section of country .that has done more to refute the old ethnic prejudice against the hog than all -other influen ces combined. [Laughter, ] The hog has nad. a hard time in this world. From the Sawn of history everything has been against the hog." He was degraded by the. laws in nearly every ancient state, and is yet regarded, as a byword and a hissing among the -people. Even to-day you insult a man. iiCany language, by calling him a hog.'though in many cases it is the hog's reputationthatisatstake. [Greatlaughter.] A few years ago.' on the complaint of German ajjd French farmers who had pork to sell, the American hog suffered a rant injustice! On the ground that his health was not good, he was shut out from the market places of Europe, though the excuse was' false 1 * because he was andis to-dav the most superb specimen of physical comfort Siere is on the earth. [Laughter.] But being in the pork business "themselves they liedabbutiira and shut him out. We all got mad about it and appealed to congress and to fhe president; bui during the Cleve- landj regime we had the accident to have for secretary of state a venerable survivor of the Crustacean period of Delaware politics. So ihe administration closed with nothing done for the American hog. [Laughter.] No sooner was the JicKinley bill signed, than negotiations were set on foot to reopen the markets of Europe to the food products of the American people. These negotiations were conducted in Germany with great -sldll by our minister at Berlin, Mr. Phelps, and in France, bv Mr. Reid, one of the greatest diplomatists of - our times, whose labors, without depriving him of the good wilj of the people of France, have won the lasting gratitude of his own countrymen. - ft Mr. Scott—If what you say about, the exchange of German beet sugar for the admission of meat products be true, will not the effect be to prevent the exporting of other farm products? Mr. DolKver—We hope to be able in time to supply the American people with sugar of our own making,but in the mean time we intend to sell pork in Germany and Frauce. Mr. Herbert—The president said in his annual message that the admission of pork j into Austria-Hungary, Germany, Fra-nce j and Sweden, I think it was, four different countries named, was asked forand granted solelj' on the j ground of the meat-inspection law, which excludes any idea that it arose from the McEinley bill. That fact had been vory industriously^stated. Mr. Dolliver—I do'not recall what you say about the contents pf the president's message, but' I ought to have, said In justice to the Fiftv-first Congress that'our diplomatists in Europe had the McKinly,bill providing for the restoration'bf sugar duties on ; one hand, and Uncle Jerry Rusk's meat-inspection bill in the 'other when . they effected these diplomatic triuniph's / over the "statesmen 'of Europe. [Applause], ..So that in exchange for' tbe . free admission pf beet sug-ariu'othe Bmericau market place, pur "food products, officially certified from this time on, go without restriction jnto the great market places of central Europe. Now. 1 the 4th of July section of the speech of my friend from Tennessee would make one believe that instead of doing the people a good service we"h,ad Tjeen guilty of a most ' dastardly outrage' against fhe public welfare. I will jns^rb 'a few lines from 'my friend's sDeech: " "When the colonies determined to rebel against the oppressions and^ exacfipns_ of the BritisTi crown ^there 'was'no f iuprc just complaint nor oae upon' which they laid more stress than .that fhe mother country had, even through parliament, imposed taxation without ' representation. They de- 'nounced 'and ^defied' King George and his authority'and rusVed to arms in defense of this sacred right. "• I see before .me itr. S_herman Hoar, a distinguished represcnta- ' tive from Massachusetts'.' with. \vhom I had the pleasure of dtping and' walking over the battlefields of, Concord and Lexington. I feee also the Hon. Josepti O'-Neil an'd Hon. John F. Andrew,' who represent Bunker Hi}l and .Boston Bay. ' |Whep I traversed those sacred grounds just' after the tariff law was passed and" the" surrender of the right of taxation mao\e. I thought of the time when the colonies t ranE with the shouts of freemen proclaiming that there should be "no taxation without representation." "Sir, tea parties were formed throughout the land yhe women refused to boil taxed tea, the men to buy't.vxed tea. an,d all refused to drink taxed tea. When the ships arrived in the hajrb'or the brave men of Boston, urged on "by the "patriotic' women pf Boston, ruKhecl'dowp to the harbor,'on the vessels,''and overpowering 'all'"resistance cast their accursed pargoes of taxed tea into th'e bay. Here 'was an exhibition of spirit worthy of the tioblest men of the most heroic period! Here'was an .ict'on woVthy of all la idation and all Imitation! 'With what fond memories we linger in contemplation about that day and those" deeds! The patriotic citizens of Boston, the sons pf these noble sires, have raised a magnificent monument which tells pf their glorious deeds. "But. Mr. Chairman, it is sad to reflect that one hundred and fourteen years after the right of self-taxation was substituted for taxation "without representation.' some of the sons of these sires had so degenerated £ha't they were "willing without a protest, without even a murmur, to surrender this blood-bought right to the president of the'United States. Our ancestors had denounced, de'Sed and defeated King George on account ot less tax pn les^ lea. But it turns out that we rebelle,1 agai ist George the Third and high ta?».atiou ip 1770, oaly to make a cowardly surrender to Harriaoa the Set-pud and higher taxation ii ISJJI" It would' be an inspiring sight to see the genflema'u from "penpessee recruiting the awkward squall of tariff reform around liauker Hill nionumejit and organize it for this new defense Pf American liberty. '' It woulfl naturally full into s 'vacation at the birthpl revolution [Mr. Hoar J The other under command of inv friend from iSTe.'bMska. [Me. Bryaujtbpth* moving under the eye pf the gentleman from Tennessee, muvc, forth against "this ' new tyranny of the president ' of" ij the United " States. I' can hear their martial watchword : * Gpd home, and native land ;" "Damn a sheep anyhow." [Laughter.] '-Root, "hog or die;" 'Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God;" ••Dou.'t give up the ship." [Laughter,} ' 'They come dorm to the harbors apd find the vessels Uulcn for South America aud Central Europe. They go ja board They take tierce and box anil barrel biilod for Havana; 'Rib.' Hamburg. Bi'eminr Hav.s and the Baltic portsJ : aaid cast tliem overboard Into ttie wuvcs tit" the rcaou'oUioK sea,. Thcv icturn Thcv approach, the capital Tho\ detail a p irtv to surround the Sa- P'eine Court while the main body of the force pursues, ijts iel,] purpose to way^a-i. the president pf tjh.e Unite4 $t<ues j,ud U,nlnap the insatiable monster that had the temerity, agaiuss all tfhe sacred, precedents p£ Democratic politics to ieuder a pUia, service tp the pjam pepple o^ the Umted Stite« [Laughter and applause on. th,e epublican siue ] The gentleman from Nebraska Mr Bryan from tira" to tim^e thrpug'ipu.6 his discourse turns aside to spe^l£ pf the defeated, leaders pf the Usb Congressional, campaign anj not content to cpncede that level pf polities to those vyhose mtellecituaJ limitations leave ihem nothing to say lie joins tjie chorus of dclr.i-ctiou th j. 1 - lor two veils has hjunded the greit speaker vi/jo delivered the house of" representative from the control of the minority and mode it a rep rescntaUve ass^mblj. [Apnlause ] I shj.ll not sav a wo,j-d in defense of the speaker whose record in this house if> ap.wt of the pailiamontary progress pf the uorld but I can not forbear tp say that a min must have a- peculiarly cheerful and buoyant disposition, who in view of the present sitr uatiou of the Democratic p irty, both on man and measures, can get raucb ooinfort out of what happened to the Republicans two vears ago [Laughter] The idol ot youi hatntu \l idolatry has fallen, and a ganfleman whose name I heard hisscd'and derided in this chamber a few months ago has just, finished a triumphal tour of the south It would be well it by some process or transfnsirtn the gentlemiui from Nebraska cpuid; divide with him that childlike enthusiasm «)th which he looks forward to the future of the Dempcracy For. this new lender, being called unexpectedly to the capital of New Yoik to accept the trust that was iboul to be forced upoj him the presidency of the United States [laugh 1 ter] , could find no words of his own -.uited to the occasion if n e may believ e the New York 1 1 o> Id a report of hisspeeih, aud so he borrowed a, saintly tone from a source both pious and classic '•With what terms shall I acknowledge this ofacial act my fellow Democrats, which, instead of pointing to some new, untried Ci- reer, might amply reward anil crown the labors, of ' the lougest life, From. that great cardinal, whose " 'Lead, kindly light' has touched the hearts of all Christendpm, let my graUtude humbly borrow this worthier response than I myself could ever frame to the gveat Democracy whom you represent." [Laughter.] • A's he found it agreeable to his own, feelings and "to the general state of Democratic affairs to bring in the first line of that hymn, I hope I "may not seem irreverent, seeing that the distinguished statesman to whom I have referre4:knows more > about the Democratic party than my friend from Nebraska., if I correct my friend's estimate of the Democratic prospect by. reciting the remaining lines of the first verse of that litany of human desolation. [Laughter.] Lead, ki idlv light. A.mid encircling gloom, Lead,thou me on! [Laughter.] The night is dark, And. I am, far from home 5 Lead thon me on I Keep thou my feet; I do not ask to see the distant scene ; One step enough for me. [Great laughter.] In closing_I can only say to him and those who suffer with him here that if the steps he has in view are anything like those he has already taken, one step is likely to prove sufficient also for the rest of the American people. [Laugh ter and applause.] I now desire to thank the distinguished gentleman from Maine (Mx. Reed) for this opportunity to speak, and to thank the ' committee for! the attention with which I have been heard, [Continued applause.] "United on the 3ioney Question. From the Boston News. Yes, we want to jump on free coinage, or any other, cheap money craze, with all the weight of both parties here in New England. We do, and doubtless shall continue to disagree some aboutthe tariff, but on honest money we are all united and that fact counts largely at Washihgton 5 too. Tlie Old. Patriot and. tli XVe tramped" tie streets by torchlight And we polled our votes for "Lincoln And our young blood leaped within us When the Stars and,Stripes went- dpwn; And we buckled on our knapsacks And we turned our faces southward • TVlien the echoing guns ot Sunjter >4 "WereTjeard in Boston town. Through hot and.blopdy summers And dreary months of winter -We tolled and fought and failed 'For the land we held so dear. And we shared bur 1 'peace with honor" "VTitfi every gallant ioem an, And'even witUthe scoundrels ±6at fought us froin tjierear. Long years of rank corruption i Have Sapped'our Nation's E'OTi " And onr flag upon'the sea ' Droops feably from the mast. Tlie Jackals of tne war time Have our Uonor m their keeping, ~Api1 polities are'foremoBt * ' And statesmanship is lust. If we growl a\ Iieary taxes , Or sigh o'e bartered hpnor, , Or shrink from bloody cattle ' With the'feeole and the weak, -The paltry, party journals Snarl and spit their veuoia on us "Aud class us with the alien," " The coward and the sneak. ,It matters very, littlerr- We heard such scoffing early When tne bp.d cauaelad tlie lead Arid, tlie"gopd was slrugpling on; Thank Gou, tlie party organ" ' With the booming politician 'Are, not the orilr patriots' > ^ncle Sam can^ean upon. It Is pretty sorry business, Tbis aftermath of war time, ^Vnen "the canker of long peace" 1 Gnaws at the Nation's core ,But the shade of AbrahanTLincoln Is ever watching o'er us, And bis boys will save flic country " As they saved, it once before. —y.'W. F.ia Hasten Traascrtfl. ^QUESTION -OF .YARDSTICKS. From Han. W. Jtf. Bratuliy''* Sfaeli an tin Silver JSill in tltf House There is no good reason that I knp,>v of why the number of feet in,ary v ardstick should be 3 instead of 2. It is .purely ^con^entional.^nd there wquld Jje no ^immorality in changing the ^measure; and so if this country shpuld .desire $o ^change its standard of val,ue so that 75 cents shal^constitute a dollar instead of 'lO'0 ( ccnts, there is no xmmprality in that, provided that in both cases all .agreements made when one standard ,\vas ;fthe law shall be enforced according to that standard, for it would be manifestly dishonest in ine if, having 1 agreed for a sufficient consideration already received to deliver my neighbor 100 yards of .cloth at a time when ? feet made a yard, I should attempt to discharge myself of this obligation by giving him 100 yards of cloth measured by a yards>ti,ck containing only 3 feet. Leaving this consideration aside, the government cap fix any standard it chooses. If the question was agitated among us whether we would abandop the yardstick of 3 feet, which we hold in common with all the more civilised nations of Europe, and adopt the 2-fqot yard stick, which uas used in Mexico and Indian and other countries to the east that are generally suppo&ed to be somewhat behind us in civilization, I do not say that there v.-ould not be some honest, learned advocates o£ such a change, for we have a good many cracks in this country, and there are some peopje who are believers in LSuddha, but it is to" be doubted whether it would make much headway upon its merits. v If,however.there wasa "Coms,tack Consolidated Yardstick Association" with a great cleal of money at its back, and the chance of malting millions, if successful, whiph woulfl establish ^ts headquarters here, wvth its agents in eve_ry state in the Unipn. publishing and dfstr^b\iV- ing thousands upon thbusand.s of pamphlets to persuade the people that they wpuld get more cloth if the yardstick contained only two feet: alleging that tlie yardstick of their fathers ooily con tanned two feet, ar^d that the change was brought about surreptitiously and fraudulently, mainly by the manipulations of one iS. K>,, a Jesuit in disguise, the agent of a mysterious frmU' supposed to be English, who can doubt .that a party in favor of a t.wo-ioQt yardstick would be formed? : ,..". If there were able, and p'ersisten.t men , in the lipuse and .'senate cpnstaatiy engaged in advocating- this one cause* clouding it in words, making: bold stater- nie.n.ts impossible to verify bat difficult to disprove, with volumes of misleading- s-tatistics at their command,, mem wonf d grow weary of struggling- against it and' would say: Well, if the people want a 2-foot yardstick, let them: have It. We do not believe it is g.otnar; to dp the peo.^ pie the good they expect;: but, after all..' what is the liaxm of trying it? Absolutely none, so. far as the yardstick is concerned, if you can keep it at 2 feet, business will soon adapt itself to the change. And so as to the 75-cenfc dollar; with the limitations before mentioned, which will prevent its applicability to> those contracts which were made upon another basis. Bfl^U.GE AJSD I'iLB: NOUPABEIL.. An QJu-Fasiiioned Kepubllcan Victory in Ipwa. and'tlic Way to it. From ike GixKdt Bluffs Nar.pfireil. OrAEDEN GUOVE; Iowa, April 5, 1S92.T— Editor Hfmrnarcil: I have the 2S T o>ipftrcJi of the 31st ult., containing my letter and your very early reply. I haye never doubted the Republicanism of the Ifon- parcll, and. therefore am inclined to-the belief that, we do not differ as to the paramount duty of every lover of .tha" principles of the Republican party as to the best policy upan.eertain local:issues. The-party fealty of the fifty-four Republicans of, the house has never been questioned. They will : be found this yearas heartily in-accord with the party platfornras they were last year. In speaking, of the effects- the: Gatch: bill would "have hadUipon party, supremacy. The Nonpareil says:: "It would have brought back to the Republican party many thousands of votes of "men who disapprove of the prohibition;plank in .the Republicans-party platform." Let us test this ''bringing back" process this year.when we have a National ticket to elect-,which ought to stir.up, the Republi4 canism-. of every voter.- We.: have: no.-.j state offices to fili : that are calculated'ito stirrup the prohibitory, question. Anott er. incentive^ is: the fact that,we have con-. gressional ! districts which should b& redeemed from free trade and irredeema-. ble: currency. All of these principles of national policy, will be before us this, year, and not one "disturbing, element" in the. shape of: local '. issues. Will these thousands of Republicans who scare at the prohibitory .plank, follow the lead of the, Nonpareil 'tils: year, and: g-ive; us a_n:: old-fashioned" Republican: victory in Iowa? I :do not- ask them, to follow, us: "prohibition cranks" of the Twentyfourth: General Assembly, but to. follow- the lead of the ; yonpnreil in; this contest.. If their. Republicanism: is upon, as higKa, plane as. claimed they-will;be^ found doing grand service- for, the : na^ tional, congressional ani : state, tickets. ThQ.Nonpnreil.vfW. be in. the.lead-.m this matter, and will do its full ^share. Let;, by.theirraction;; this r year .upon. National issues that there are. many liep ublicans in: the - s ta te who. her; come:frightened .1 at prohibition and vote; withi the enemy.. Let; us. give - them a platform, this, year. upon. the. issues>of the,campaign; and I pray, that it be. some one .who: is: not afraid: to stand upon it after the election! K.otwithstanding: the;j fact that';the; eighth congressional 'district elected ten Republican representatives last fall out of. ;xpossible, eleven; also the Republican, senators in: the .district; also, every, Re-: publican: county ofBcer, except - one, -in, te.n ; couuties^-yet we are .not all "prohi-; bition.i cranks," but are. Republicans and; have some sympathy for. our brethren:- in: less favored localities who arei .of.jhgipgr.yspseseated by Democrats. ; If there^ara , tliQtisands.,Of such, J.SLS -.stated .Jby <The fJSawp&rell, Jet them .^tcind^u^ an."djjfos-oipouitted, >,whj[cli tliey >canido;witlxotit prejudice to there claims as anti-proMMtionists. - \ agree^.with. ifr&Sowpweil that there aro_maiiy active andearoestEepoblicans , whq_ayei _no6 in..sympathy ..with; tTje^pres- ent prdhibitwyjAw^aaS cau-seeflQ-cea- ,eoifrfoc.siich to -desert tije ^Republican party tlijs,year; bat on tl»e contrary tbey "can dp actiyo and;valuable5errice-*'TJien they,.wijl^arpositiQn'taiaje their .cjaims considered. /Tie Kepublican: por- , tiQnjpf;|ih& §ta$es,i3. now in Jjarmony, with existing 1 laws^and^caji caily roodify- tbem on. fee appeal.o£ party friends. Wliether th4s, wiltTbe-done^is ^a . question i for tlie , party' 1893-andnot this-.year. Letthi5.eapjpaign:be opened: and. con" ' ' — .the' old 'tiwe .entbjusiasm i none{ancKcbarity tVJCtory .wiEL result. ;BBTSON iven out ' of kingly bards otprey. rOPrankliits critical , judgment diduioti prevail, i It iitcuer as as he declared, that the-baldiieagle-lives chiefly by violence: arid, theftii swooping- do.witnpon the osprey ; ;;and .- snatcliang- from this indHStriousibi*d' theiifish -tfaat t has just, caught. iBut then ea- casioa can. take.-nsh ont •- of -"tie .witer . with.greab skill, ilheieaglei-is-moreover , a,bird.olgreatj djgj3)Vfcy,utg.iweltas;Twav- ery, aaaibeanty,- aind -itss strong yattach- .znent to its. young: and ctoi its -home.;, certainly , recommends iit - iasi-an >i Agnei » emblem. _ _ .< ALL SORTS AN& ALL i * . Rtforjer. .G.QV. j^oies -,w,as~,not sitisfied .with atwngrto^ the interests v of '.thetrailroaa ^cprppra tions, of ^.Qwa^to. tne, extent of ibe- .copiing.tbeirifavo-rite.Lbut.tie steps,a lit' tie. 1 ! urth_er.and . bids for' further jmonopo- ly ^npp.ortihy .vetoing tUe v act known as (the •1Ijinojeentpur«hi*5erbm,".whieh was 4esJgned,6|mplyi.for l thetpurpoae of s mak- jjtfr' it 'impossible -,for",cut throats to Otrayel- fiver the, country, .-gain the,eonfi- idence^pftthe people,9nd,obtain their.un- .eonditional ^obligation jfor .money .npon va.ri.ous ^eagongible sounding ipretexts. The\la.w^i^es,,ers now the.ripht to, purchase these -irawdalent, notes .without, question, t at .whatever price they , can gettthem^and then.eolle.ct their iulliace value from the maker, .regardless of how they .were obtained.^ _ Vlotce called Do-vcn. from (Af JSiufan Traveler. OurowRruing to Iow,a prohibitionists three years ag»: The party Jihat takes upiprohibi- ,tion Biniply to avoid defeat can be trusted to qetray it,for the eawe reaaoB. Were me ,right,or\v?cQng'?^-27lfi Voice. Whether right qr w.ronff T the Iowa Ee- publiuans i\ave kept their pledges, aoad stand by ^prohibition now as they d^d three years ago. They stood by prohibition then because they believed in prohibition, ,and they xepeatedly suffered defeat by doing so. This is a pretty good test ftt their principles. If the Voice made that declaration having them in mind, it did them an injustice, and pwes them an .apology. "HI fares the kind, ta hastenitrfT nis;a;Erey, The aarrowest hingei inL-my ? ta shame alLmacninepy.— • Wat :fi. G-LDyrenfocth, ttiie- ' 'wain -maker," .who is. nsnally spokeni.of-asa *igens«al'," isra lawyer by profession. If I", waited t» .rjunishlansenenjyl .wouIdTfasten.him" tdthettotture'.Of -«on- i tinnally.hating- someoneiTT-Sftfoie^iSw^tfi.. /At lJammerfest, : in--N"o3rway,Uhe jpolar > night' lastsrfrom November's tto ''Joain:' these- dark days-by^etectricity. .-Spealong generally, .noiman Appears great to ihls ,eantemporaries, jfor the same, reason that^no- man its -great 'to'his servants— 'both know-tooimuch^of-hini. "3Iay I be carried to^the- skies On'floweEybeds-of eaao; "Let others.fight to TCln4he t p I'm-notso hard to pleases" . from tte Boston Journal. .CJ1OSBT. Demoeratle "Tae Wi.TTE«SOS'. Democratic party is not the party party is a free trade of free trade, and p*rty or it is noth- never has been." >*g," Which state, Massachusetts or Kentucky, has the better right to speak for the Democracy? all ,. „— ^ rjy Got. From tin Gao(t Neva- Mrs. Maggs—My dartei- went to them revival meetins Ja/jt week, ar^dshe got ^ husband; reg'lar ease of love at first stght. They're to be married next Incipth, Did your darter get one, too? Mrs- Puggs (sadly)-—Kaw, she didn't get nathin bnt religion. " :,,:,., lOll.l. e Costs. Front the ffou&Aata. Miss Wmw, who has been elected three times tp tb,e London School board, paid f G,OwO \o all to secure her election. Of course, it was all ejcpended for legitimate work- The transaction shows that with the suffrage anfl office holding- all are not as angelic as might be ;jCnocUinjr the PTODS Out. from :Al Allnitta. Caxsiituiian. "Once more," said the third party candidate, "we are knocking- the props from under tbis tere government. "Any new signs?" ' '-Why, at conrqpt We've refused .to .carry the ..mail for 830, a year, tarred and feathered .six reVeoweinspeetorg,. tur&stl the signal' service- nsa*i ;oa^-o^.GEiace& icnf lyiaVs-nd gSven t&e'ppstoffice" sfs- ' to leayje '' ' ' - ; "'• Ceilings that,hcue-bean smoked ;b-y -a kerosene .lamp may tbe.oleaned^by •washing- with water in which soda Thais .been dissolved—the proportion is mot;important. Es-CongressmaiL 6eorg&W, Webler of Ionia, Mich., is .rejoicing m'tlhe -birth of a, £rst,and only son. Bfc, 'Webler is '67 years old.and worth, half a -million -dollars. .Equal parts of .ammonia -and turpentine take paint oat of clothang if it be hard and dry. -Saturate the spots as often as necessary and wash oat m. soapsuds. The dear creatures -are -coB.tijiiM.Tly gaining the advantage. In the last ten years the average mail's life lias fai- ereasedfive years and woman's eight years. The chief sources of the misery -of any class o£ our people are to be found in. causes whicn industry and temperance .and rcctiuude will remove^-T-CArisfiicwi Leader. '•Young man,"' said the solemn old party, "are you prepared to die?" "Uuess I am." said the young man. "I am. three months ahead of my salary."—XndittJWip- ollg Journal. This thing- of marriage being a failure is more or less a matter of one's own doing. If a man uses judgment in investing his wife's money, he is reasonably saie.—Boston Post. A wealthy man in Maine who was jc- cently married icolishiy made over all hjspioperty to his wlte. boon- aftei> ward she died and now tb,a>t property is to go to her brother. btranger—And so you believe-to,JPvof* Chloride s cure for dniiikeQ-aessS! .Ke. a- JSosed Knthusiast-^-Believe-ih it!' How- can J. help believing in iiKF JPw :beea cured sis times.— ^je. Halation Gray, the oldest postaaatej? in the United ttiates, died at B^ngaton, Tertn., last Friday. He -hatf e«iw«a r ,fri postmaster at dray's HaS,aince b» appointment by President Folk. : The name of Eossell B. Harriaon no* longer appears at thetopof Frank £eall&* I lUustmtcu. Zteiespuper. He retains d small interest in the paper but & devoting tus attention to oa^sicte enterprises. 5ir. fcpargei-n once reniarfteef fibat.&e j was very tiunkfttl tae Lord- had- called | him to be the pastor of a large ebtmrfi, i because he feit t&at he- bad not | enougb to be the pssstoi" oi i ^tftl^fil)!^ \VssfiiT»«feO-rt ^ »Q' frolic Wists aaj Ba.ugHtt Thei sex: which, is fiist in-" the ._ Sunday 'school and lastm the jail,, wnicfc i&most strongly represen.ted; at chiirehy and r a& prayer meetings, andl .ai missionary meetings,, and; most feebly represented in Me2q.uorsaS3ons;an;d tobacco shops of the land', .wnich does- the least of- the world's preaching" and- the most of its' practicing;, which; makes a. poor figure in a battl'e between cnristian nations and a splendid 1 , fignre in a battle; between ricrht and wrbngT— such: a sex forms- a very large part of the power that makes for rignteousniess; To turn this purifying' stream- a.way from politics iis equivalent to-assertang; that > politics has no need of righteousness". _ ebinl"nsl?o\ver of the West. ! Jostjili Cooifs Monday Lecture. At the time when we have 200,- OOOjpOO' of people in this Repub»- lii^ 100;pOp,000 of them will be found! between the Alleghanies and Rocky MountainSi- Tlhat centralness; of voters will: govern theland,. You will have 50, 000, 000, perhaps, on' your" Atlantic slope and 50,000,000 on your Pacific slope; But your 100,000,000 in "the Mississippi; valley, if they can ;be unified; will rule the: Rep.ttblic. The- point about which our whole- population balances how is in - Southern' Indiana. It will soons be: beyond the Mississippi; It isof vast ; importance that the; brain of the West should' be kept sound an rt devontl I: had' almost ^aid that I expert to'see Chicago outnumber^ ;New York in population.- Sunday opening "with the saloons in:fulVactivity and-wifh- all the lawless- ness:«oncentrated ; in a greattown -is like-* ljr,to"" vice and;; make Chicago a pandemonium. Our. Xatlonal From the Baliiraan 6"<i». It;: has been: proposed- lately- to-: ornament "th& tip of the flagstaff; used in the regnlar-army. 7 of : the Dnited - States with the;representati6n : te i metal of the bald 1 eagle,:Vwbich is- the'emblem;oi; OUT-VC^ public.' The; staffs of regimental standards- now terminates, with pikes. The eagle^has: already- done-duty in '; this; way upon.' the standards "of pther^nationSr and: partif ularly;--uppn-;those pi Komeand Prance.: Th'eAnierican eagle,' however^ is of- a ! different: variety,, froni: .the eagle of -Erance>and"the Roman-; republic. It: is of "knp American; variety.^-fche- "iMrldv" prr white-headed ; eagle. The ordinary name-oft the- bird ; is ^'a misnomer* It is not'baldv -but' shiiply; white-headed,' the feathers on the, head; -and neck of adult speeunens.-being;: snowy .whiter The.honbr.of first naming this bird 1 as the emblem-of the- United States belongs to John-i J-J Audubon," the naturalist, whoseiname; will be. for - ever associated" :with pur;bird. life; H&- called" the bald eaglet the; "Washington eagle," because* h:e said,: ' 'Washington was brav-ei as th e- eagle isi.- Likedt, too^ he was the terror of his enemies, and his^fame, extending,: pole r resembles the soar- ings of- ; thec mightiest of - the-feathered tribe. If' America, has reason; to be proud bf-"her; WashingtiJn) so has she to be.proud of > her-great eagle." The-bald eaglej with, wings- extended, or "dis play ed.proper r v as it is called in heraldry, •was:: made, the- emblem-of the-L r nited States inithe-y.ear 47S5 " ; Benjamin.. Franklin did ' not approve the .choice; The bald eagle, he declared, was a,very.evil-disposed bird, who would not- earn an-:honest. : living, but got his livelihood by violence^ deceit, and rapine. He ; did : not'consider ; soeh-a creature the worthy, emblem oi a people who had gal- been sold "by a- Jiew Gnateyy of taUc^ov firm paM §1,^00 ior" ft tonia-na sale ia The marriage of with- a- fortisne of sieian, aged 30, ous-alfa'irforher' York Press. , Mrs. Julia' A. Casneyi of , : 111. , is not widely known 1 . £a me wodi^of letters, and yet sheristae anx&iQfof tlsa4 interesting little' poetica|f morceai* be-" ginning- "Little drops- of water^ Mttl* grains of sand." "Upon tne valley'^tap 1 The liberal morning 1 throw# A tnousand drops of dew Ta wake a single- rosei- Thns oftea^ In tUe conrse- Of life's few tieeUng-'yeara* & single pleasure oosia Tlie soul a thousatja tears." Mrs. Marshall O. Koberte has- insured her life for one hundred- thousand dollars in favar of her new husband, Captain Vivtaii, this being: the only settlement she can make on-him,»as»b.e:rin-~ come from her late husband die» withr her. * The oldest diary in the world,'accord-- ihg- to a Japanese paper, is* that pf" the iuwaka family, landed proprietorsiivthe province of Koschin. Tae-' diary- has- been conscientiously kept'bythevarion* heads of the family for more- than-' tkre*' centuries; "Daughter, isn't it getting^ late?" asked Mr. Munn, as>he peepefd into- th* parlor at 11:30 and interrupted arcefaver- sation between'her and" her best" beau. "Yes, papa," replied MisgMTmn sweetly, "it usually does about this time' oi night."— Brcokli/n i'i/ei John and Samuel' Manning twin-" brothers, living on the same farinvnear Reserve, Indiana, married' twio- sisters in 18S1, boch of whom diedf in- 188&- la 18SH the brothers becaan* acqnafitted with twin sisters- named' Swopev ahdr there was another doable raarriageC Bid doesn't do much: ta&in$ But keeps a sawing- wood', And all of his admirers Tell him that plan- la goo 1 !!? ' Purpose to- show thetrCTllji-" If I>av£d' does tlie sa-wfiiRt, They say that they- will 1 soil*. • Throw a* pebble rnrto-ai-poneP r think of the sad fate- of- oM Mother 1 ' Earth if she should fall inlsof-t&esaisspot. now visible with! the aid of a'Wfe-'bf 5 coE- ored glass. AccordHBg/- to- one t 'idl'e*tne disturbed- area is' 140',OUO'ns!2esrl0Ttg!aiM:I about 100,0 ' George Washington* was cowmnind'er- in^bief of the* army at- the age^of 43y- Cromwell entered upon his remaTftable-' career at 29;- Xapoleon* conqtiered'-ItailS 5 before he- was 30; Gladstone was a? mem.'- ber of parliament at 23;- Macanley "began 1 his literary career- afe 20;- Cblumfiua' started out on his voyage"of discovery.*afe' 36; Frederick the Great b^gan- tne-TMcfy- Years' War>at the ageo*" SOJr and'TSEaefi:- stone had ffnished'-hia commentaries be*- f ore he -was -35. The census figures of the- townr • of Tompkins, Deli ware •• count?, 2fl Y*., disclose the remarkable- case^ of Ahram* Ostrom, who is the father of twenty- seven children, of whom' twenty are- by one wife. Mr. Ostrom r s first wife, to? whom he was married in- 1855, bore hint four children. At her death -he married' again, and his second wife' presented him three children. After 1 her- deathj and in 1378. he took for Ms tBird wife 1 a> young woman of 18 years, who- has already borne him twenty children — ten 1 pairs- of twins — of whom- eleven > are living. Inasmuch as Mr. Ostrom is- only f54, and hi& prolific spouse- ia not yet 35, the possibilities of the case are^bewildez- ing.

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