The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on May 10, 1893 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, May 10, 1893
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Sv ;" f THE UPPER M8 M.01NJB8, , IOWA. WEDNESDAY, MAY to, RAISES FIERCE BULLS. How the Duke of Veragua Increases 'income. Up In the mountains of Splan, a short Distance from Madrid, the Duke of Vern.gua, who is now this nation's guest, owns a largo estate, on which he breed's some of the finest, bulls that arc known In the l)till rings of Ihe country. Jh the mountain region (hey arc allowed t6 nut at largo much of tile time until they are largo enough for the fight, and when Mint period comes tliey are nonrly In a wild state. By careful breeding the slodt by OIQ Duke of Veragtm 1ms become Jjiiowii to tlui matadoros who fight them and the rich gentlemen of the Spanish nobility who buy them as among the best, because the most terrible lighters, of those in all Spain. From the sale of thesis bulls the Duke adds largely to his revenue, as the demand on the part of the titled people of Spain for good lighters Is sullicient to make a large business profitable. "I once visltiid his farm," said Nathaniel "Paige of AVashlngton, -who has traveled extensively in Spain, and Avho tyafl recently Interviewed by a New York Times reporter, "and liavo been In the old castle in which ho lives. It is Tip In a picturesque spot among the mountains, and, while the estate would not bo considered a, very large one in tills country, in Spain, where the magnificent distances are not known, it is considered largo. "The Duke has a considerable, revenue from his bulls. Nearly all the large cities In Spain have bull rings, and the, bull lights arc the most popular of all forms of amusements, There is a demand for animals that .will fight. Often four or five are killed at a single entertainment. The fight to arouse his fighting blood by setting off firecrackers which have' been stud to his hide. I have heard that th Duke has devoted much of his study to producing good' animals. They arc among the best in the rings at Madrid Seville, and some of the other famous rings." TAMING SPIDERS. A Pennsylvania Woman Makes Pi* af the Repulsive 'liiscwts. A Pennsylvania women, Mrs. M. 10. Rice, keeps spiders as pete. The otlui day she sent to the bureau-.of entomology a cocoon containing eggs, which was spun by a handsome arachnid with striped legs and creature, (which reddish body. o sneelo.s This hhat usually takes place on Sunday afternoons. "The .castle hi which the Duke lives is an old one, not especially imposing on the, outside, but it is in harmony with the mountainous country where It is situated. Iusl.de It is finer than would be expected from Its exterior. The Duke, I take it, is a lover of fine animals, for on the walls of some of kept together. the rooms are pictures of the best- known lighting bulls in all Spain. Chained Like Wild Animals "It is an Interesting time when the fierce animals are taken from the stock makes a funnel-shaped web, she de scribes as being very tame. "For months," she said, "It has lived over my bed, allowing me to examine It. When It'began to get .uneasy I placud it in a box, where It spun a beautiful covering for Its eggs. 1 am very partial'to spiders, a.nd never destroy one nor its web unless I am compelled to do so. In my own room I let them have full sway. There are probably fifty spiders there now, and tliey never molest me. I find them all over the bedclothes. I believe the stories about their poisonous bites to 1)0 largely exaggerated. Where I Ivo we have, many large black spiders. 1 found one of them curled up under my baby's ndck one morning." She does not mention how Mr. lUco enjoys this sort of thing. A Frenchman, Rev. P. Cambone, has recently been, making some experiments with tiie silk spun by spiders. His efforts were specially directed to studying the work of a certain large arachnid of -Madagascar. From OIK} spider of this species he obtained in twenty-seven days more than 4,000 yards of silk.' The silk was of a golden yellow color. However, it is not likely that any particular plan will ever be discovered for making commercial use of the silk of spiders, inasmuch as they cannot be prevented from gobbling each other up when a number of them are 'yen 6s the Bible societies off America havo distributed , over and abroad 230-,000,000. BUYING FOR A BIG RAILROAD. ; The 1'nrehasiug Agient of the New York Central Disburses $5,(X)0,<M* Annually. farm to Madrid, where they are to bo purchased for the ring. They are so nearly wild that for safety and convenience in handling them, each is chained between two tome ones, and they are thus driven to market." ''Is it. common for the titled gentlemen of farms?" Spain to own these bull "I do not know to what extent fighting bulls arc raised by the Dukes and Grand Dukes, but it is a profitable business Which Is regarded by the people as meeting a requirement for the sport which is the delight of the noblemen and tlielr ladies. Everything connected with this sport, which American civilization woidd call brutal, Is of interest and Importance to the Spaniards. The matadors who liovo achieved success in killing bulls were formerly objects M great admiration. They were feted at court and given many attentions by the lords and ladies. "The Duke of Voragua is a. familiar figure in Madrid, where he spends a portion of the year, and, to Americans who aro there, ho is often pointed out / as the descendant: of Columbus. Much attention Is shown him by Americans who visit that country, and ho is well known at the American Legation. "Among Spaniards—the common people at least;—the achievement of Columbus in discovering America is not given that importance which it is given in tills country. At the very port of -wfliioli Columbus sailed; The purdliasing agent of a great railroad occupies a place that AvonUl bo a sim-curo for'those persons of either sex who delight, in buying' for buyiiig's sake, but Is no sinecure to the purchasing agent, who buys from year's cud year's end, and is always on the, lookout for low prices, which lie generally finds. The custom of a big,railroad is no small matter to any business house aid as. goods are always ordered hi largo quantities the pi-ices are made correspondingly low. The work of the lurchasinf,' agent is to audit all the requisitions made upon him. by heads >f departments and station-masters and o buy the goods .'called for. Some of .Ills work lie does in person and some >y proxy. The principal items with vhich he has to deal arc iron, rope, waste, glass, stationary nd oil. He mist keep himself informed of the narket prices of these. articles, and be •eady always to take advntago of a r lut in the market or a drop in the mice from any other cause. He buys Iways at a discount from tflic low- st market price, because he buys in rent quantities. The purchasing agent f such a road as the New York Cen- ral buys about $5,000,000 worth of goods :every year. He has 'nothing o do with the rails, lumber or heavy lachinery; they are attended to in. ther quarters. Every head of .depart- lent and every station agent must lake a requisition .on the first' of tlio lonth for the supplies that he will need for the month. A New York Sun reporter found the purchasing agent of the New York Central rialroad in the midst of a heap of erqulsitions. One or two examples will give an Idea of what the requisitions called for. One was for 3 dozen red globes for signal lanterns, 750 barrels of oil, 100 ban-els of signal oil, 20 gallons of turpentine, 10,000 seals and wires for sealing ifreigttit cars, a' coil of rope live inches in cii cumfcrence, 1 donen brooms, half i TT ,„ .. „ dozen sponges, 100 pounds of wast Honry Wattersou tells this story of, for cleaning chimneys, 3 gallons of likely to impart more of constitution and stamuio. ' If she is not perfectly hardy, this practice is desirable dining bhe entire life of the hiare. TOMATOES. SUICIDED TO AID HIS FAMIIA William Pinkerton Tells of the Sel .Sacrifice of an Oregon Man. Great Is Its Power. Hon. B. Lawless, a former member of the Louisville bar, who came from Glasgow, Ky., says the New York Press. He was a "long-winded" talker, and when ho arose to make an argument he did not know when to stop. On one occasion he was making, a speech before Judge Bollard, in the United States Court. He had spoken several hours, and the Judge and everybody else were thoroughly tired out, though they were helpless. At last Judge Ballard beckoned his soft soap for cleaning cabooses, 4 ke,., of nails, 500envelopes, 1,000 pape. clasps, 1 -gross. each of pens and pen cils and 10 yards of flag bunting. Ai office in the interior of tile state cal led for 10,000 Irgo envelopes, 20,000 small envelopes, 500 small pad, 5,000 letterheads, 10 gross of pens, 500 mon thly report blanks, 10 gros of pencils 10 gross of clasps, 100 large sticks of red sealing wax 500 heavy mauilla envelopes, 5 dozen oil cans, 3 dozen lanterns, 10 signal lamps, 2 dozen white brother, Jack Ballard, to him and iin- globes, 3 large lamps for station, 2 plored him to stop Lawless if he could, dozen brooms, 4 feather dusters, 150 "Oh, tliat's easy enough," replied the pounds of wate, 9 kegs of nails a half- brother, "I'll stop him inside of three dozen large chamois skins, 75 panes minutes." ,' of glass 10 by 20, five coils of small There was a great deal of curiosity one-quarter bale of coarse wrapping to see how this could be accomplished, j paper, 250 fence pickets and 1,100 feet as the orator seemed to be nowhere °f barbed wire. Sometimes the iron near the end of his speech. Jack Ballard took a pencil and a sheet of-paper and wrote: "My Deai finish your magnificent would like you to join Colonel: As soon as you bought comes out of the foundry so hot that it scorches the car floors. The discount secured by buying iron in large quantities is very slight, but in clerk's office in a bumper of fine old Bourbon." The note was handed to the orator, who paused at the end of a soaring period, drew his glasses from his pocket and rend the note. He put It in his pocket and said: "And now, if it please your honor, and you, gentlemen of the jury, I leave the case with you." He picked up his hat and was In the clerk's office in about a uwiute. argument I '. stationary, on he other hand, it is very me hi the \ 1'U'ge. Stationary at retail is not high FACTS ABOUT BIBLES. Over Two Hundred and Thirty Million Copley ;iu Existence. The most wonderful, most beautiful, and most sacred of all books, tho Bible, exceeds all others in the extent of its circulation not only in numbers, but in IPolns from I onnp mskod n sailor if ho did not re'- ga.nl Coumbus as a bold navigator and a daring adventurer. Ho replied that Jio did not. 'Why,' said ho, 'if you drop a. chip Into tho water at this very point whoro Columbus started, It will iloat to Cuba, Tho currents are such that; it can not go anywhere else.' '.Spaniards Queer Idea of America. •"The Spaniards as a rule, too, have no adequate idea, of tho magnitude or, ., , ~ the development of North America, i P"hit of territory over which its circu- Thoy are more familiar with South ' 1'itlon extends. Translations of it have America, where the Spanish language j 1)oou made into almost every known ts spoken. A Spauia.nl once asked j language. Tho American Bible Society Comorol Sherman if 10,000 men .None has printed it in the following could not. bc> landed at Key AVesl: aud tongues: march North and take Washington. __ English^ AVolsh, French, French General Sherman replied that uudoubt- .. . odly 30,000 men could land at Key (eastern Spain), Portuguese, Norwegian West and march to AVashhigton, 'but', 1 ( m German type), Arabic, Syriac (mod- said the. General, 'if they atfompliVl lo take tho oily we would put thorn in charge of tho police. 1 "It is an interesting fact, that tho v Duke of A r eragua has his life insured inj J"an type), Finnish ( in German typo), nn American company, and for a con- " " Biderablo amount, too. "Many things with which Americans are fimiliar will .strike all Spanish visitors as strange. The railroad traveling will be one thing. In Spain tho trains nui at a, slow rate of snood, and for a peculiar reason. The Spaniards claim that if (hoy run more than from ton to at present, but the purchasing agent gets it at about one-half the usual rates. In rope, too, he gets heavy discounts. The purdbasing agent not only keeps his mind! practicing continual, gymnastics ^figuring for low prices, but ho has hard work to keep the run of all his stock. The single item of onnvclopes is enough to confuse him. The New York Central railroad uses 10,000 different forms of envelopes. LIVE STOCK GOSSIP. Gardeners are divided in iheir opinions as to the effect of pruning ami staking .tomato plants. The majority adhere to tlile belief that tomato plants, if allowed to sprawl over the ground, Will yield a large crop and quite' as early as they will if ih-d to stakes. The Ohio Experiment Station has been investigating tltto matter and has found that while the total yield is not increased, by pmnihg aud staking the crop matures earlier, and individual specimens are larger, than wtai grown by the ordiary method. In order to secure, the best results sow the seed in hotbeds or early in the season in shallow boxes, called flats, and when Irgo enotigh transplant the young plants into smaller boxes, two inches apart cad), way. Ac second trniis'ilanl- ing the plants are set four inches apart each Avny. Boxes may be used the same as before or the plants may be set in beds, or In four-inch flower pots. The latter plan may appear to have advantages over the others, but b\ practice it is no better even though the roofs are injured less than -when set in a bed. The plants ought to be a foot in height and Just coming into bloom early in May, when they are to be transplanted into the open garden. If growing too freely root pruning will check them, and if making a solw growth a. little nitrate of soda-will hasten them. If grown in flats the iilauts may be transfer:- .... i i n nn •••< ir even kept >.;.- doors, diir'-; the greater part of April. By (his inen they can bo hardened off. It is not i good plan to set tflio plants in groen- louse benches, as they can not prop- icrly hardened before planting. When pruned and staked, tomatoes will bear nuch closer planting in the field than f left to themselves. Two feet by four s. about the proper distance. As soon is set in the Held they should be tied. For this the following plan has been ouud satisfactory; set strong stakes it each end of very row and brace Jarefully. Put smaller ones at intervals of two rods along the rows. Let these stakes be about 31-2 feet high. Stretch two wires of about the size used in baling hay, along the tops of the stokes iu eatflr row. Take ordinary lath or small sticks of any kind, of the same length as loth, and stick one into the ground at the side of the place that each plant is to occupy. The upper ends of the stakes are (held in place by crossing the two wires back and forth; that is, by weaving the wires around the tops of the stakes, or laths. These wires make a neat little trellis, sufficiently substantial for one season, but the material can be used several years in successon. The plants are trailed to single stems and ted to the latJhi supports. Of coui'sle tyiig must be done at successive intervals as the plant increases in bight, until the top of the trellis is reached after which nothing further noted be done in the way of training. All side shoots near the ground, and suckers, must be kept pinched off, as the object to be gained in staking would be lost otherwise. None of the blossoms are to be removed, but simply tho leafy shoots and suckors, which bear no blossoms and come out near the ground mil at intervals along the main stalk. Pruning away these surplus shoots and tying tho plants to supports exposes the fruit to the light and favors early development in a marked degree. Tomatoes thus trained ripen about :wo weeks in advance of those which ,ro alloAved to Ho on the ground, aro freer from, rot and larger. The crop per plant is less than by the ordinary notbod because of tihe higher prices ibtained for the fruit the profits are argcr. Even now, the, average profit in horse breeding is greater than it has been iu half of the other lines of bus! ness during- the past five years. The foals of 1S93 need the best, of care. Give them fcod adapted to Uioh needs. Three hours a week can be profitably spent in training each pail of colts during their first six months. It takes 5 years form the time a maro is bred for the colt to become fairly matured. Present conditions indicate that the supply of horses will be limited in 1SOS. Breed sound mares Chicago Tribune: The recent Thru insurance fraud in Wisconsin -recalls t William A. Pinkerton n curious life in simmce story from Oregon ill which th supposed attempt at fraud Was inspire by the romantic, dream of French UOA elist This is the sitory told by Mi Piiikortou: "A. young man living near Portlnn insured his life for $10,000 for th benefit of Ills sister. 'After a. few prt iniuius had b,oon p:sdd his dearth was re ported to the company. It had heci caused by a fall from a high trer Something in the circumstances arouse* the suspicion of the company, and w;;s retained to make a personal hives tigalion. 1 found that the young mai and his Immediate family' were -all pool They lived from hand to mouth am were greatly in need of money. Hi was of a retiring, dreamy, romantic dte position, and very fond of his sister There was no reason for him to climl the tall tree, nor when he got then any particular reason why he shonlc tumble out. of it. He was strong am hcsiHy. His family were deeply grlov ed, but everything in a. word pointei to the theory that ho had committee suicide Hint, the sufferings of his people might be, relieved by the insurance money. The thing was to prove it. "Inquiry ns to his habits dovolopw'. the fact, that lie wos a. patron of the public library. .1 got a. list of tho books he read. They were- mostly of a philosophical character, tending to atheism. Among the rest: was a French novel which he had borrowed several times. I took It to the hotel to read and kill time. In it. I found the full explanation of his suicide. The hero of the book was o poor and romantic young man. He insured Ills life for the benefit of his wife and then went on an expedition to the Alps, aud at the'proper point made a. misstep and rolled down a precipice, so laying plans as to leave hope that he would escape unhurt and 1)0 enabled to go awny from the country. His idea was to relievo tho beneficiaries by means of the insurance money. He couldn't do it, by his labor. The novelist made his action a noble self-sacrifice. The Oregon young man who emulated his example left himself no chance of escape, and he was killed. Wo fitted the two cases together and the result was the insurance policy wasn't paid." A DltESS THIRTEEN HUNDRED YEARS OLD. English, Welsh, French, French "° "nuteil in 180S. Breed sound mares Basque (Pyrenees), Spanish Catalan wllio11 . are uot suckling colts this sea- ft\'~\ af'rkWT On n \t\\ T>*-ii»f n i*m-i<r.<->. XT ^ ...,..-. ™J ..,» SOU. Swigert, tho great trotint , , Dutc-h, Gorman, Polish, Hungarian, | lil"" ;,V U whlch lnade lus Progeny groat favorltes. Bohemian (In Roman typo), Italian, Bulgarian, Esthonian (Russia), Estho- „ , "~ ntan (Dorpsat), Armenian (ancient), ', Filrmoi « wll ° ilre not export hi train Armenian (modern), Mayan (Yucatan),! {{1]nml lhmMllln £ l '°"d horses will do Mortlock, Hawaiian, Zulu.Bonga (West T! I, * nnrt A *'i.i.T.->\ TMI «i~ /-I-IT...-J. i-«._,..-* ^...-•>-_ dratt ..'.Dikelo (AVost Africa), Grebo , (West Africa), Mpongroo (AVost Africa), ' .1! ,, Mohawk, Chootaw, Cherokee, Seneca,! k ' .....v ... v..i.,, i nn iin,ii: llltlll I.IUI11 UMl K) i .'*v/jn, ,, i\, \^,i\,uijl w, \JI11M DivLH', OOJ1UIN1, fifteen miles a hour the passengers aro Dakota, Ojibway, Muskokoo, Dolawaro, not getting tho worth of their money." AT '"' " " General Charles C. Furlong, who has six limes visited Spain, said that during „„.,, ,,„„, ,,, f , HH . a IU . 1I1UI1B ulc OOOK3 his visits to that country he had hoard, in tho languages above named, put f\T inn\roliiril\lnltii11n^^>l.t.^l. . n I .. .- _ . . . " . _ L Ne/-Percos. Tho British and Foreign Bible society has, besides printing tho books part of their mares stallions and the remainder to c'rs or to trotting bred stallions size, which aro practically as in siring "all-round" 'tod coachcrs. of tho bulls which came from Cattle breeders seem to have a good profit in'view, for calves of tho noxt years. A good siro of extra in- tho pastures of the Duke of A r oragua. "I have never soon tho farm," ho said, "although I have hoard that tho Duke's principal ( sourco of revenue is from his bulls.' "The raising of good fighting bulls*!s considered something worthy of Ions forth editions in 200 other tongues and dlvlduaiity aud havin dialects, including two dozen " African dialects, and Including nation in Europe, Asia, Africa and Australasia. -----c, a pedigree, will native ^ add much to the beef producing quality every , of tlie calves. Two or more farmers with loss than ix cows oacli can own a good bull jointly, to bettor advantage Everywhere in tho world tho Holy ; than for each to keep a cheap (?), In- Writ Is being sent. When Stanley ferior animal. made Ms tour of Central Africa, tons were to bo found among The fanner who has work for his ^1 f^ 1 attention. Great pains O f vui,,,,,,« woro to ue louuu among -me ramior wno has work for his are taken to secure good stock, and j his supplies, and the authorities quoted marcs during six or more months of they are bred with the same study and announce that thousands of copies aro tho year can afford to rUso colt? attention which is given to race horses In Oils country. The animal must liave the spirit in him, or he is worthless. I have seen several fights. Some« times the bull simply stands dazed in the ring, and then an attempt is mode even now traveling on pack and on 'The dam 'works her way" and mav --.---. „,, . , «... i,. , x.-inif., v*-l J^UV'IV til AM V/U. A ll:V, \MIJ11 1> I/I ItO iilTJ, »V ll V llj.111 111(1 V sledgo through the frozen polar regions impart tho obedient, Industrious trait to people who have not only never,to her offspring. Tho cost of tho colt heard of this book, but to whom books at 4 years of ago, is the stallion sor- of any sort whatever are entirely un- vice, food eaten and time spout iu his -known. It is estimated that in ninety alternate year until ten yoa'rs old is AS TO FOREIGNERS. A census bulletin has special importance, for its comparisons of the native and foreign elements in the prisons and nlmshousos of the country. Of 82,820 prisoners there were 57,310 of purely white blood, 24,277 negroes, 40 Chinese, 13 Japanese, and 322 Indians. Of ocures 114,020 parents of the white prisoner's 45,752 wore native, 00,153 were foreign born, and tho birthplaces of 8,745 were reported as im- know. Omitting the unknown, the percentage of prisoners of tho native elements is 42.10, and of tho foreign element 50.81. Of the 73,045 paupers in almshousos there wore G0.57S whites 0,418 negroes, 13 clhinose and 30 Indians. Of the 133,150 parents of the white paupers 45,215 wore native, 03,587 Avero foreign born, and *J5,854 unknown as to birthplace. Omitting The oldest dress In the world is probably that, described by a French traveler iu 'Japan. It belonged to an empress of Japan wJio lived in the thirteenth century, and it has been kept all these centuries hi a temple near Yokohama, whoro the priesi sometimes exhibit it for a sufliciei reward. It is kept in an old coffe and it is shrouded in white silk. Th robe or robes, for there are seven o tliem, aro described as a diaphanou mass, crumbling at the edges wit; decay. The material is crepe or sorn filmy stuff, and' the effect must bo Ilk that worn by Loio Fuller. It is mad with a long train, pagoda sleeves am a high collar like a Medicius cuff. Th upper layer was once white, and no\ is the color of iviiy, embroidered will flying birds the size of crows, wit dragon's heads, green, blue and violet Then come seven layers of the sill muslin, yellow, blue, violet, old golt and groeii, on which, seem scatterex strange animals, all in flight. Th seventh, which touches the body o the long dead empress, is violet em broidercd with figures like phantoms The embroidery on tin's wonderful rob Ls asid to bo as transparent as tlu gauze. The effect of the whole if smoke colored.—Washington Post. 'giving out very rapidly and the whalers have virtually ceased fishing in Baffin's bay, Davis straits and in. .Spitsbergen whaling grounds. The "right" and "bowhead" Whales, which ate more desirable on account of the bone, they produce, ore 'virtually, extinct in these waters and the whaling fleets now push on to Bi-hring sea, Okhotsk sea and the arctic proper. It Is a fact that whalebone and Ivory are two animal products which art or science have not been able to reproduce In the good days of plenty whalebone sold at $1.50 a pound; its price today is !j!0. This gives n fair idea, of how the supply has diminished in the past, ten years. Little is known of the waters south of 70 degrees south as compared to the knowledge had of the waters north of 70 degrees north. Next to nothing Is known regarding the Antarctic or-ean, and the hope Is entertained that the present expedition will develop a new field to replace the old one that Is dying out. The Gayhead is a, "00-ton vessel carrying forty men. At tho present time an English and Scotch company is building three vessels at. Dundee for the purpose of send- m 1 them into the antarctic for whales. PARABLE OF THIO BELLOWS. The Instrument Is Xot of Much Use If There Is No Fire to Blow. WHALING- IN THIO ANTARCTIC ...,.,., i4 . % ,,j ^v, MIL MijjActvAJt V/lllll llUfe «-**»- 1 y "«* > *- i vjj/wi. LUU. tt ILUIllUUi Ul HCIIOOIS the unknown, as n tho case of prisoners of whales encountered on their voyages 41.50 per cent of tho paupers wore """ """" " " ' " ' • ' of native and 58.44 per cent of foreign extraction. No more potent argument against unrestricted immigration is needed than is found i these figures. AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL WORK IN GREECE. Some Interesting results have boon obtained from the researches of tho American School of Archaeology at tho Haraoum, or temple, of Hera, situated between Aryos and carried on by about 200 workmen, midter the, superintendence of Dr. Charles Wold- stein, haVo, revealed the site and 'oiiiidatious of the ancient teniple men- lonod by Homer, which was burnt town in the year 423 B 0. A platform of polygonal pavement has boon laid bare, above wfliich was foujud i layer of debris containing frag- uents of charred wood melted bronze ind other indications of a conflagration. Numerous specimens of pottery -jf Recalled Mycenaean proto-Corinthian. These aud tho' other works of irt found aro all of tho remotest an- 'iqulty, and form a discovery of cou- ildorable importance and valuo.T-Lon- lon Tin«V3. An American Bark Making a Cruise iu Search of Good Hunting Ground. Tho bark Gayhead, belonging to the Wright-Browne company, of San Fran Cisco, is on her way to tho southon •seas on an expedition, the like of whiol has not been undertaken since 187.1, says the Chronicle. In that year 1ho British mnai-of-war Challenger was sent on an exploration to tho antarctic to ascertain whether or not there was t field there for tho catch of whales, am she returned with an adverse report Since that date many thousand ves sols have doubled Cape Horn and frequently have boon driven many degrees, farther south than was absolutely necessary to make tho trip. Invariably they have reported a number of schools By reason of these reports tho whalers of (England and America! have felt obliged to doubt the accuracy of tho Challenger's report, but in tho twenly- two yea re Avhieh have elapsed since then no 0110 has hald the daring or enterprise to undertake a personal survey of the, waters until the present time. Recently Wright, Browne & Go started their bark, the Gayhead, for New Bedford, with instructions to spend it couple of years in tho antarctic, where she is to skirt the ico floo, as far south as she can possibly reach. She is to fish for whaios and see if a now hunting ground cannot be opened to commerce. The Gayhead will ox- tend her voyage over what is called tho Now Bedford whaling cruise, that ordinarily lasts one year, but that M'ill keep her out aibout throe years this timo. Tho route calls her to pass St. Helena and skirt Graham's huid, froni where she will sail to Australian waters and then go north, taking in the Japanese waters, Behriug sea and. th 0 Arctic ocean. San Francisco wlP i )0 readied about October, 1894. > Tho fact of the matter and Uio ono point that has caused this extended exploration trip of the Gayhead;is that tiio' hunting grounds in the north are One of the most famous of wandering preachers, whom wo may dub the Jewish Abraham a Santa Clara, was Rabbi Jacob, the Maggld of Dubuo.a small town in Poland, who flourished it the close of the last century. Tho Mashalim, or parables, which, he was fond of introducing Into his pulpit addresses, have become household words n Jewry, writes Chief Rabbi Adler in ho Nineteenth Century. A small circle in Berlin, the members of which were noted for tJic advanced md most radical views they entertained on tile subject of religious couformi- y, once invited him to deliver a rous- ng homily to them. He took up his parable and said: An inspector of mines was instructed >y his government to examine the con- lition of lids laborers at some distant melting works. When he arrived he vas painfully surprised at seeing the van aud pallid faces of the workmen. On Inquiry ho learns from the foreman hat they suffered greatly from the ef- ects of their being obliged to fan the re in tho furnace by constantly blow- ig into it with their mouths. This ffort had, naturally, greatly weakened lieir lungs. "Good heavens;" exclafans the inspector, "have you, then, never eard of an instrument, the bellows, or blowing air into a furnace?" "No, r e have never heard of such a ma- iliino 1 ," rejoSlnls the foreman. "Well, will at once direct that efficient bel- ows be sent, out to you." His order is executed. After a few 'eeks he returns to work a.nd expects to find a great improvement in the looks of the poor operatives. To his great surprise and concern he finds them looking even worse than before. "Have tho bellows not arrived?" he asks. "Oh, yes," is the reply; "and we have implicitly obeyed your instructions, but, however energetically we use them, the furnace will no longer work." Tho inspector hastens to the furnace. Ho finds the fuel in its place, but all ts cold and dark and black. "Why, you dotards," he cries, "you have omitted to kindle the fire! Of whot possible use can the bellows be if there be no fire to bo fannd Into a glow?" All, my brcthern, (continued the preacher,) the sermon is the bellows which may hope to be effective, and to stir into enthusiasm the fa,ith which glows within the human heart, but if there be not a spark of religion within you what will the preacher's most forcible plea avail? WEBSTER WAS NO LONGER THIRSTY. When Daniel Webster visited these parts for the 'purpose of delivering lus Bunker Hill oration he was entertained at the house of a Charleston merchant. This merchant was so embarrassed by the honor of the great statesman's presence that he brought not one. but several decanters of the best liquor he had hi tho house. Mi- Webster carefully searched out the vessel containing the brandy and poured from it a drink that today would bo termed a "bath," and drank tho liquor hi a few complacent gulps. The anxiously obliging merchant inquired of Mr. Webster whether ho would like a glass of water. Tho senator looked up calmly, and in his most magnificent tones replied, urbanely: "I thank you, sir, but I am not thirsty."—Boston Globe. TWO GOOD JUDGES OF WHISKY. _A rather pointed story is told of Senator Blackburn, of Kentucky, and the late Senator Beck, which we give vithout varnish. Upon one occasion t was necessary to test some old bour- jou whisky before shipping the simon pmo to a fastidious customer. The inxious dealer bethought Jiim of these wo great mon, who were universally idimttcd to be connoisseurs in the article, and begged their iiidulgeiuje, n the matter of tasting tlie' Blackburn swallowed a sip, sma Us lips, looked a little hit cri ica 1 dealer's face fell, nut eel ng sure ho had a superior article c * he < a leather :~i 4y-! f.'-"'- ffitifci.ji* .i-idua

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